Aubrey Drake Graham is a Canadian rapper, songwriter, record producer, and actor. Drake initially gained recognition as an actor on the teen television series Degrassi. Intent on pursuing a career as a rapper, he departed the series in 2007 following the release of his debut mixtape and he released two further independent projects, Comeback Season and So Far Gone, before signing to Lil Waynes Young Money Entertainment in June 2009. Drake released his studio album Thank Me Later in 2010. They were followed by two mixtapes, with the trap-influenced If Youre Reading This Its Too Late, and a collaboration with Future for What a Time to Be Alive, in 2015. The former was certified platinum in the U. S. Drake released his fourth album, Views, in 2016. The dancehall-influenced Views sat atop the Billboard 200 for ten nonconsecutive weeks and its single One Dance topped the chart in several countries, including the U. S. the UK and Canada, where it became his first number-one single as the lead artist.
This saw Drake leading the Billboard Hot 100 and the Billboard 200 simultaneously for eight weeks and it achieved quadruple platinum status in the U. S. and earned over 1 million album-equivalent units in the first week of its release. The single Hotline Bling secured him his second and third Grammy win, for Best Rap/Sung Performance and Best Rap Song, Drake released the critically acclaimed multi-genre More Life in 2017. More Life, described by Drake as a playlist, was his seventh number one on the Billboard 200 albums chart. Drake owns several Billboard chart records and he has the most charted songs among solo artists in the history of the Billboard Hot 100, the most simultaneously charted Hot 100 songs in a single week and the most Hot 100 debuts in a week. Drake has the most number one singles on the Hot Rap Songs, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay, alongside his Grammy Award wins, Drake has won three Juno Awards and six BET Awards. Drake has developed other ventures, including his OVO Sound record label with longtime collaborator Noah 40 Shebib, Drake acts as a producer, producing under the pseudonym of Champagne Papi.
Using the OVO moniker, Drake has his own clothing line and he is currently acting as the global ambassador for NBA franchise, the Toronto Raptors. Aubrey Drake Graham was born on October 24,1986, in Toronto and his father, Dennis Graham, is an African American and a practicing Catholic from Memphis and worked as a drummer, performing alongside country musician Jerry Lee Lewis. Bass guitarist Larry Graham and the late songwriter Teenie Hodges are his paternal uncles, Drakes mother, Sandi Graham, is a white Jewish Canadian who worked as an English teacher and florist. Drake attended a Jewish day school, and had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony, Drakes parents divorced when he was five years old. After the divorce, he and his mother remained in Toronto, as a child, he witnessed his fathers arrest while visiting him in Memphis
So Far Gone (EP)
So Far Gone is the debut extended play by Canadian hip hop recording artist Drake. It was released on September 15,2009, by OVO, Young Money Entertainment, Cash Money Records and this is his reissued project from his third mixtape that was released earlier on February 13,2009. This EP features five tracks from the mixtape, with the inclusions of two new songs, the EP features guest appearances from Trey Songz, Lil Wayne, Bun B and Young Jeezy. The EP was supported by three singles, Best I Ever Had, Successful featuring Trey Songz and Lil Wayne, and Im Goin In featuring Lil Wayne, in April 2010, the EP won the Rap Recording of the Year at the 2010s Juno Awards. The final track listing, the cuts the seventeenth-track mixtape to created a inclusions of containing seven track for this reissued EP, the track from the EP titled Fear was the only new song to be included to this project. Fear serves as the song between So Far Gone and his debut studio album Thank Me Later. Drake described the song in an interview with MTV as eerie, Best I Ever Had was released as the first single, which released seven months prior to the release of the EP as a digital download from his mixtape to the same name.
The song was released as an single on June 16,2009. The single became one of Drakes most successful songs to date, the single managed to peak at number one on both the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and the Top Rap Songs charts, thus becoming Drakes first number one hit on both of these charts. The song was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, Successful was released as the second single from So Far Gone. The single managed to peak at number 17 on the US Billboard Hot 100, the song reached the top five on both the Top R&B/Hip-Hop and Top Rap Songs charts, peaking at number 3 and number 2 respectively. This single was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America, Im Goin In charted and peaked at number 40 the week after the EP was released, and was sent to urban radio as the albums third single on October 27,2009. It managed to remain on the US Billboard Hot 100 for seventeen weeks, the single was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, indicating the sales of 1,000,000 copies in the United States.
The EP debuted at number 6 on the Billboard 200, with sales of 73,000 copies in the United States. It dropped in the week to number 9, with the sales of 36,000. Despite being an EP, it was the fifth best selling rap album of 2009, as of August 2016, the album has sold 785,000 copies in the United States. On June 30,2010, the EP was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States, overall the EP has received generally positive reviews from music critics. On Metacritic, the album has received a score of 76 which indicates generally favorable reviews
Album, is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records, vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used from the late 1970s through to the 1990s alongside vinyl, an album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. Recording may take a few hours to years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed live, the majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc. With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, the term album was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format.
In musical usage the word was used for collections of pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, the LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. It was adopted by the industry as a standard format for the album. Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, the term album had been carried forward from the early nineteenth century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, as part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as mini-albums or EPs, Albums such as Tubular Bells, Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield, and Yess Close to the Edge, include fewer than four tracks.
There are no rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as albums. These are known as box sets, material is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track is a song or instrumental recording. The term is associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks. When vinyl records were the medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves
Every Girl (Young Money song)
Every Girl is a song by rap group Young Money Entertainment released as the first single from their debut collaboration album titled We Are Young Money. It was legally released to the iTunes Store on June 11,2009, Young Money Entertainment rappers Lil Wayne, Jae Millz, Gudda Gudda, and Mack Maine make appearances on the track. The video was shot on February 13,2009 and was released on April 6 of that same year, the song was leaked to the internet on January 28,2009, just two days after Prom Queen was officially released. A few lines of Every Girl are recycled from a song by Lil Wayne and Mack Maine titled Throw it Back. Former Danity Kane member D. Woods makes a appearance in the video with Birdman as well as Young Money artists Lil Chuckee. The song was written by Christopher Hicks, from the NDSS incorporation and it ranked at #12 on BETs Notarized, Top 100 Videos of 2009 countdown. A remix of the song was released by Nappy Boy Entertainment featuring T-Pain, Tay Dizm, Young Cash, the video, filmed in the NB Mansion, debuted on the Nappy Boy website.
There are remixes of song by R. Kelly, Sammie, Red Cafe, Trey Songz. Female rapper Shawnna did a freestyle to the song, michelle released a response track titled Fakin It, featuring Missy Elliott. Every Girl music video on YouTube
Bernard Freeman, known by his stage name Bun B, is an American rapper and was one half of the southern rap duo UGK. He is a guest lecturer at Rice University, located in Houston, Texas. He released his official solo album, Trill OG, on August 3,2010. In the late 1980s, Pimp C started the rap duo UGK and he first released a demo tape titled Underground King which didnt feature Bun B on the track. Instead, it featured Pimp Cs friend Mitchell Queen, Bun B and friend Jalon Jackson had their own group called P. A. Both groups joined forces and formed the group 4 Black Ministers and Jackson left the group leaving Pimp C and Bun B so they decided to revert to UGK. The demo Pimp C recorded with Mitchell Queen, Underground King and they released an extended play titled The Southern Way. The release of this record caught the attention of Jive Records, the song Pocket Full of Stones became the first UGK song to get major airplay throughout the United States. Their third album, Ridin Dirty, peaked at number 2 on the R&B Charts in 1996, after releasing their fourth studio album, Dirty Money, Pimp C got sentenced to jail.
Singles featuring a Bun B guest appearance included They Dont Know by Paul Wall, Gimme That by Webbie, Bun B appeared in a documentary titled Screwed In Houston produced by VBS/Vice that details the history of the Houston rap scene. In October 2005, Bun Bs debut solo album Trill was released, singles included Draped Up, Git It, and Get Throwed. The album peaked at the number 6 spot on the American Billboard 200 chart, after Pimp C died in 2007, Bun B returned to a solo career. In 2008, he released his album, II Trill. The first single was Thats Gangsta featuring Jamaican American artist Sean Kingston and it debuted at number 2 on the Billboard 200, selling 98,000 copies. Other singles were Damn Im Cold featuring Lil Wayne and Youre Everything featuring Rick Ross, David Banner, DJ Corbett and 8Ball & MJG, Bun Bs third album is Trill OG. In an interview with MTV Live, Bun B stated that 2Pac was set to feature on the album, the album was released under Universal Music Group on August 3,2010. On October 28,2011, a song titled The Life, on March 3,2012, Bun B leaked a song featuring Royce da 59 and Redman titled Stop Playin after he reached 400,000 followers on Twitter.
He has not announced the appearance on his upcoming album His fourth studio album was rumored to be titled, Trill 4 Life
Thank Me Later
Thank Me Later is the debut studio album by Canadian rapper Drake. It was released on June 15,2010, by Aspire Music Group, Young Money Entertainment, Cash Money Records, production for the album took place at various recording studios during 2009 to 2010 and was mostly produced by longtime collaborators Noah 40 Shebib and Boi-1da. It featured contributions from Timbaland, Swizz Beatz, Nicki Minaj, Lil Wayne, The-Dream, Thank Me Later has a languorous, ambient production that incorporates moody synthesizers, sparse beats, obscured keyboards, minor keys, and subtle arrangements. Thematically, the focuses on Drakes introduction to fame and his romances over the course of confessional, club-oriented. Drakes emotionally transparent, self-deprecating lyrics are delivered in both rapped and subtly sung verses, and explore feelings of doubt and heartbreak. The album received positive reviews from critics, who complimented Drakes personal themes and drew musical comparisons to the works of hip hop artists Kanye West.
Following an anticipated release, it debuted at one on the US Billboard 200 on first-week sales of 447,000 copies. All four of the singles became hits on the Billboard Hot 100. Thank Me Later was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America and, Drake followed-up on So Far Gones success with several guest appearances on other rappers works, adding to the hype surrounding him at the time. He expressed a desire to work with André3000, Kid Cudi, and Sade for the album. In an interview for MTV, Drake cited Nas and André3000 as influences for parts of Thank Me Later, stating Nas was somebody that I used to listen to his raps, I always wanted to understand how he painted those pictures and his bar structure. I went back and really studied Nas and André3000 and back with this album. In comparing the album to his previous work, he stated Its gonna be bigger, more victorious, cause thats where Im at in my life. He told Entertainment Weekly that, I didnt make this album for commercial purposes, a lot of the verses are extremely long.
I just made it to share with people, Drake resumed work on the album in October 2009, following an onstage injury from a July 2009 concert. The track Up All Night was recorded on a bus somewhere in Lexington, Lil Wayne, Cortez Bryant, Gee Robinson, Ronald Slim Williams, and Bryan Birdman Williams served as executive producers for the album. Producers Noah 40 Shebib and Boi-1da handled most of the tracks programming, besides his Toronto-based producer team, Drake collaborated with European producer Crada, who previously worked on Kid Cudis 2009 debut album Man on the Moon, The End of Day. Drake told Entertainment Weekly that he collaborated with an Indie pop band named Francis, kevin Rudolf participated in the albums recording, contributing with keyboards on Show Me a Good Time and Find Your Love
Tuscan Leather is a song recorded by Canadian recording artist Drake for his third studio album, Nothing Was the Same. It was written by Drake along with Anthony Palma and Noah Shebib, the song heavily samples I Have Nothing performed by Whitney Houston and written by David Foster and Linda Thompson-Jenner, who received writing credits on Tuscan Leather. Noted for its song structure devoid of any choruses, it is a hip hop song which utilizes influences of R&B. Tuscan Leather received critical acclaim from critics, who highlighted the songs production. The song was a source of controversy due to the lyrics describing Drakes deteriorating relationship with label mate Nicki Minaj. Despite not being released as a single, Tuscan Leather managed to chart due to the release of the album, Tuscan Leather was written by Drake, Anthony Palman, and Noah Shebib, and was produced by Drakes longtime collaborator Noah 40 Shebib. It borrows its name from the Tom Ford cologne of the same name, the song utilizes a vocal sample from I Have Nothing, written by David Foster and Linda Thompson-Jenner, who receive writing credits, and performed by Whitney Houston.
It contains interpolations of Serious, written by Warren McGlone and Lawrence Parker and it was recorded at Noble Street Studios in Toronto and Metalworks Studios in Missisauga, along with Tree Sound Studios in Atlanta and Marvins Room in Hollywood, California. Tuscan Leather was recorded by Shebib and Noel Cadastre, while the pair received assistance from Luke Neveille, Jeff Crake, Miguel Scott, lindsey Warner assisted Noel Gadget Campbell Torontos Studio 306 in mixing the song. Background vocals for the song were provided by Cappadonna, while Shebib handled all the instrumentation, Adrian X Eccleston played the guitar, and additional drum programming was done by Matthew Boi-1da Samuels and Nineteen85. Structurally, Tuscan Leather revolves around a sample of I Have Nothing by Whitney Houston chopped, sped-up. Will Lavin of Gigwise said the song sounded like a Heatmakerz-produced track circa 2001, Tuscan Leather has a unique song structure, with three distinct sections and no choruses. After a brief pause, the section showcases a shift in both the beat and the lyrics, becoming more sinuous and personal, while a gentle keyboard riff rises underneath the music.
Throughout their careers Drake and Minaj maintained a personal and business relationship. I think your team is your team, who gives a fuck about trying to be different. Im always going to want my team to be a part of my project, no matter what and you just never know who people got in their ear or what theyre feeling or maybe they felt wronged in some way. I just know that Drake is my baby, and Wayne is my everything, I wrote that a while ago, and I kinda felt guilty changing it. It was a sentiment that I had when I started this album, the album should start one place and end in another. I havent talked to her since its been out
Miss Me is the third single by Canadian recording artist Drake from his debut album Thank Me Later. The song features label mate and Young Money founder Lil Wayne and it was produced by Drakes long-time collaborators Boi-1da and 40. It debuted and peaked at fifteen on Billboard, becoming the third consecutive track to attain chart success from the album. On March 30,2011, the track was certified Gold by the RIAA for sales of 500,000 copies in the US. The song was originally by rapper Bun B featuring Drake for his 3rd album, Trill OG, with a different chorus, the song samples Wildflower by Hank Crawford. Drake told MTV News that song was about that when youre gone wanting to be missed by someone, the music video was directed by Anthony Mandler. Drake shot his scenes on July 15,2010, shots of Lil Wayne were filmed in early 2010 by director David Rousseau before Wayne went to jail. The video premiered at 8 PM Eastern Standard Time on August 19,2010 on MTV, I think with Drake, were always looking for overarching themes.
Were always looking for themes to hang our hat on. With Miss Me, what was interesting to me was not the idea of me because Wayne was going to jail. Because it was deeper than that and it was the attainability versus the unattainability. And how stars and people who are public figures are expected to sit on a platform, the director said he incorporated a set where everything was slightly off. The set was built with a ceiling, in order to appear smaller. The lead actress in the video was never fully shown, the Young Money star appears but quickly disappears. The video closes with a memory of a lost friend, as a promotional single, Miss Me shot onto the Billboard Hot 100 at number 15 for its debut, making it his highest charting U. S debut off Thank Me Later. It fell to number 76 in the several weeks. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
The Naked Soul of Sweet Jones
The Naked Soul of Sweet Jones is the posthumous third studio album by American rapper Pimp C. It was released on October 5,2010, the album has sold 18,000 units in its first week. Source, Down 4 Mine - Samples If You Let Me by Eddie Kendricks Hit the Parking Lot - Samples Swerve by Lil Boosie feat
Chad Lamont Butler, better known by his stage name Pimp C, was an American hip hop recording artist and producer. He was best known for his work with Bun B as a member of the Underground Kingz. Butler formed the rap group Underground Kingz with best friend Bernard Bun B Freeman in 1987 in Port Arthur, in 1991, Jive Records signed UGK and released Too Hard to Swallow, followed by the critically acclaimed Super Tight. UGKs fourth album, Dirty Money, was distributed in 2001, due to Butlers incarceration in 2002, UGK would not release another studio album until 2007s Underground Kingz, which included the hit International Players Anthem, featuring Outkast. In January 2002, Pimp C was sentenced to eight years in prison for violating his probation by ignoring his sentence to community service stemming from an aggravated assault charge. His arrest was protested by the hip hop community, who along with Bun B. While Pimp C was in prison, Rap-A-Lot Records released The Sweet James Jones Stories in 2005, Pimp C spent the portion of his sentence at the Terrell Unit in Brazoria County and was transferred to the Huntsville Unit a week prior to his release.
On December 30,2005, Pimp C was released from prison, on July 11,2006, Pimp C released his debut solo album, Pimpalation. Pimp C was found dead in a hotel in West Hollywood and his death was attributed in part to promethazine/codeine effects in conjunction with preexisting sleep apnea. Promethazine and codeine are active ingredients in a drug called syrup or purple drank that Pimp C, like many other Southern rappers. The funeral was held at the Bob Bowers Civic Center in Port Arthur, Port Arthur Mayor Deloris Prince, Pimp Cs mother Weslyn Monroe, and Bun B were among the speakers at the service. Attendees included many luminaries of the Houston rap scene, Slim Thug, Mike Jones, Willie D, Lil Flip. Bun B released the final UGK album, UGK4 Life, UGK4 Life had been recorded, for the most part, in the time frame between their previous album and the passing of Pimp C. Outkast paid tribute to Pimp C during their Outkast #Atlast homecoming tour in Atlanta, playing Intl Players Anthem onstage with Bun B and that same year, Bun B dedicated a tribute show at the A3C Festival in Atlanta, GA to preclude Pimp Cs posthumous album.
The late up and coming rapper Doe B released a remix of UGKs song Murder entitled Homicide, official website Pimp C at the Internet Movie Database
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci