Wheelchair tennis is one of the forms of tennis adapted for wheelchair users. The size of the court, net height, are the same, but there are two major differences from pedestrian tennis: athletes use specially designed wheelchairs, the ball may bounce up to two times, where the second bounce may occur outside the court. Wheelchair tennis is played at Grand Slams, is one of the sports contested at the Summer Paralympics. There are three categories; the Quad, the newest division, is for players that have substantial loss of function in at least one upper limb, but may include various disabilities besides quadriplegia. The division is sometimes called Mixed at the Paralympic Games. Quad players tape the rackets to their hand, to compensate for loss of function, some players are allowed to use electric-powered wheelchairs. Wheelchair tennis increased in popularity in 1976 due to the efforts of Brad Parks, seen as the creator of competitive wheelchair tennis. In 1982, France became the first country in Europe to put a wheelchair tennis program in place.
Since much effort has been made to promote the sport at the elite-level. The sport became popular worldwide and was introduced to the Paralympic Games as a demonstration event at the Seoul 1988 Summer Paralympics. In 1990, wheelchair tennis was played alongside the able-bodied players' event in Miami; this continued for more than 15 years. It was at the 1992 Summer Paralympics in Barcelona that wheelchair tennis acquired the status of a full-fledged competition; the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney boosted public appreciation immensely and led to the introduction of the sport to the four annual Grand Slams of Tennis. In 2004, after the efforts of Rick Draney, the Quad category was added to the Paralympic Games; the Wheelchair Tennis Class 8s at the 2002 Australian Open saw competitive wheelchair tennis take place at the same time and the same venue at a Grand Slam for the first time. In 2005 the Masters series was created, comprising all the events at the Grand Slams and the end of year championships, as Wimbledon and the US Open joined Melbourne.
In 2007 Roland Garros joined and the Classic 8s were replaced by the Australian Open, held at the same venue two weeks later. In 2009 all events played at the able-bodied players' Grand Slams were renamed Grand Slams; the Netherlands has dominated numerous victories at major tournaments including the Paralympic Games and the Grand Slams. Esther Vergeer holds the record for winning four Paralympic gold medals - one each at the 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012 Games, she holds. For the 2013 season the ITF decided to adopt match tiebreakers in place of a third and deciding set in doubles matches; however the tiebreaker would only be used at events which were rated as ITF1 or lower and at the World Team Cup. The grand slams, were free to decide on the format of their tournaments; the ITF Wheelchair Tennis Tour consists of international tournaments with different grades and prize money. The wheelchair tennis tournaments are graded by the ITF. Total prize money for the tour in 2016 was over $2million; the wheelchair tennis tour includes the following types of tournaments: Grand Slams Masters ITF Super Series ITF 1 Series ITF 2 Series ITF 3 Series ITF Futures SeriesThe four Grand Slams – Australian Open, Roland Garros, US Open – include a wheelchair tennis draw.
Until 2018, only the US Open and Australian Open offered a quad draw, only four Quad players are invited. In 2018, a Quad Wheelchair Doubles Exhibition match was played at Wimbledon; that year, it was announced that Wimbledon would offer a quad draw in both singles and doubles, starting in 2019. On early February 2019, Roland Garros announced that on the same year, its competition would start including wheelchair quads draws; the Super Series events include the Bendigo Open, Cajun Classic, British Open, Japan Open, US Open USTA Championships and Open de France. The ITF publishes a year-long calendar with their respective grades; the ITF BNP Paribas World Team Cup is a wheelchair tennis tournament for national teams, held annually since 1985. The BNP Paribas World Team Cup World Group event is played once a year, for men, women and juniors. There are four continental qualification events in Europe, Africa and Americas, in which men and women compete to qualify for the main event; the last two major tournaments of the year are the Wheelchair Tennis Masters and Uniqlo Wheelchair Doubles Masters.
The top eight men, top eight women and top six quads based on ranking are invited to compete there each year. Wheelchair tennis is played at the Paralympic Games and FESPIC games as well. ITF Wheelchair Tennis Tour Wheelchair Tennis Masters List of Wheelchair Tennis Champions International Tennis Federation: Wheelchair Tennis International Paralympic Committee: Wheelchair Tennis United States Tennis Association: Wheelchair Tennis Tennis Foundation: Wheelchair Tennis BBC Gloucestershire feature on the 2007 National Wheelchair Tennis Championships in Gloucester. History of Wheelchair Tennis
Summer Paralympic Games
The Summer Paralympic Games or the Games of the Paralympiad, are an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete. This includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations and cerebral palsy; the Paralympic Games are held every four years, organized by the International Paralympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that the Olympic Games started in 1904; the United States and the United Kingdom have each hosted two Summer Paralympic Games, more than any other nation. Other countries that have hosted the summer Paralympics are Australia, China, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, South Korea and West Germany. In the 2016 Summer Paralympics, Brazil will host the first Summer Games in South America in Rio de Janeiro. Tokyo will be the first city to host the Summer Paralympics more than once: 1964 and 2020. Twelve countries — Argentina, Austria, France, Great Britain, Israel, Netherlands, United States — have been represented at all Summer Paralympic Games.
Seven of those countries have won at least one gold medal at every Summer Paralympic Games: Australia, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, the United States. The United States have been the top-ranking nation for eight of the Paralympic Summer Games: 1964, 1968, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992 and 1996. China have been the top-ranking nation for the four most recent Games, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016. Italy, West Germany and Australia have been the top-ranking nation one time each. Qualification rules for each of the Paralympic sports are set by the International Federation that governs that sport's international competition; the first official Paralympic Games, was held in Rome, Italy, in 1960. 400 athletes from 23 countries competed at the 1960 Games though only athletes in wheelchairs competed. At the 1976 Summer Games athletes with different disabilities were included for the first time at a summer Paralympics. With the inclusion of more disability classifications, the 1976 Summer Games expanded to 1,600 athletes from 40 countries.
The 1988 Summer Paralympics were the first to be hosted in the same venues as the Olympics of that year. Since all Paralympic Games are now held in the same city that hosted the Olympics, with a two-week gap between each. Rio de Janeiro held the 2016 Summer Paralympics, becoming the first Latin American and South American city to host either the Summer or Winter Games. Tokyo will host the 2020 Summer Paralympics becoming the first city to host the games twice; every participant at the Paralympics has their disability grouped into one of ten disability categories. Each Paralympic sport has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition. Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing; some sports, such as athletics, divide athletes by both the category and severity of their disabilities, other sports, for example swimming, group competitors from different categories together, the only separation being based on the severity of the disability.
Within the ten disability categories the athletes still need to be divided according to their level of impairment. The classification systems differ from sport to sport, is intended to the playing field so as to allow as many athletes to participate as possible. Classifications vary in accordance with the different skills required to perform the sport. Archery: Archery is open to athletes with a physical disability. Classifications are broken up into three divisions: W1, spinal cord injured and cerebral palsy athletes with impairment in all four limbs. W2, wheelchair users with full arm function. W3, standing amputee, Les Autres and cerebral palsy standing athletes; some athletes in the standing group will sit on a high stool for support but will still have their feet touching the ground. Athletics: Athletics are open to all disability groups and uses a functional classification system. A brief classification guide is as follows: T for track athletes. F or T 11–13 are visually impaired, F or T 20 are learning disabled, F or T 32–38 are cerebral palsy, F or T 40–46 amputee and Les Autres, T 51–54 wheelchair track athletes and F 51–58 wheelchair field athletes.
Basketball: Basketball is open to wheelchair athletes. Wheelchair athletes are classified according to their physical ability and are given a points rating between 0.5 – 4.5. The individuals who rate at 0.5 are the most disabled and those at 4.5 are the least disabled. A team on the court comprises five players and may not exceed a total of 14 points at any given time. Boccia: Boccia is open to athletes with cerebral palsy or related neurological conditions who compete from a wheelchair. Classifications are split into four groups. Athletes may compete with an assistant BC2: For throwing players. Players may not have an assistant BC3: Athletes who use an assistive device and may be assisted by a person, but this assistant must keep their back to the court. BC4: For throwing players. Players may not have an assistant. Cycling: Cycling is open to amputee, Les Autre, cerebral palsy and visually impaired athletes who compete in the individual road race and track events. Classifications are broken up into divisions 2, 3
WTA 125K series
The WTA 125K series or WTA 125s is an international series of professional women's tennis tournaments organized by the Women's Tennis Association starting in 2012. Sometimes called the WTA Challenger series it is the second highest level of women's competition, right below the top-tier WTA Tour, just above the ITF Women's Circuit tournaments. Players who succeed in the WTA 125s earn sufficient ranking points to become eligible for the main draw or qualifying draw entry of WTA Tour tournaments. Titles at a 125K event are not counted as a victory on the WTA Tour; the tournaments offer total prize money of $125,000 – $162,480. Hospitality in these tournaments is included automatically. Updated as of 16 March 2019 China: Anning, Nanchang, Ningbo, Zhengzhou Colombia: Cali Croatia: Bol France: Limoges Germany: Karlsruhe India: Pune, Mumbai Mexico: Guadalajara Sweden: Båstad Taiwan: Taipei Thailand: Hua Hin United States: Carlsbad, Honolulu, Indian Wells, Newport Beach, San Antonio
Australia at the 1996 Summer Paralympics
The 1996 Summer Paralympics were held in the United States city of Atlanta. Australia competed in 13 of the 17 sports. At the 1996 Summer Paralympics, Australia had the second highest medal tally of any country competing, it won 37 silver and 27 bronze medals. It surpassed the 24 gold medals; the sports of athletics and cycling provided Australia with the majority of its medals. In September 1993 the IOC announced that Sydney was the winning bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics, the International Paralympic Committee announced Sydney would be the host of the 2000 Summer Paralympics; this led to the Australian Government establishing the Olympic Athlete Program and supported through the Australian Sports Commission, to prepare Australia's competitors for these games. The Australian Paralympic Federation started receiving money from the OAP in October 1994, leading to the establishment of the Paralympic Preparation Program, with a full-time staff member – Jenni Banks – to develop and implement the program.
The increased funding was used to contract more experienced coaches, arrange international tours for teams, run training camps and acclimatisation programs and purchase performance improving suits and equipment. The Opening ceremony saw a large explosion of colour, introducing 104 nations across 20 sports, totalling 3529 athletes. Australia was represented by 166 competitors; the opening ceremony saw the mascot flown proudly, signifying survival. There was a strict and large security presence with the Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the Olympic Games just a month earlier. Libby Kosmala was the flag bearer at the opening ceremony, wheeled by the basketball wheelchair mechanic Graham Gould. Libby has represented Australia at 12 Paralympic games in shooting, amassing 13 medals, 9 of which are gold; the Australian team consisted of 166 athletes. This was much smaller than other countries such as the USA, Germany and Spain; the Australian Sports Commission provided financial support to the Australian Paralympic Federation to make it possible for all athletes to travel to the games.
The team mascot, was unveiled in May. The Chef de Mission was George Dunstan and the flag bearer at the opening ceremony was Libby Kosmala; the Team Headquarters staff were: George Dunstan, Paul Bird, Michael Godfrey-Roberts, Tony de Leede, Susan Mathew, Cornelis van Eldik, Jenny Banks, Dawn Fraser, Peter Kelly, John Sherwell Sports Medicine and Sports Science staff: Dr Susan White, Norma Beer, Joanne Sayers, Jane Buckley, Donald Perriman, Barbara Denson, Greg Ungerer, Alan Thomas, Jo-anne Hare Personal Care Attendants: Craig Jarvis, Trevor Goddard, Andre Juricich, Rod Stubbs, Joan Stevens, Joanne Titterton, Don Blackman, Jodie Worrall, Patricia Bignall. Some States and Territories held official farewell ceremonies for their local athletes competing at the Paralympics. In Canberra, the athletes were sent off at a meeting of the Legislative Assembly during the last week of July. Australia represented by: Men – Anthony Biddle, Fabian Blattman, Damien Burroughs, Geoffrey Clarke, Leroi Court, Mark Davies, Michael Dowling, Stephen Eaton, John Eden, Don Elgin, David Evans, Neil Fuller, Terry Giddy, David Goodman, Adrian Grogan, Brian Harvey, Lachlan Jones, John Lindsay, Hamish MacDonald, Tim Matthews, Kerrod McGregor, Paul Nunnari, Sam Rickard, Jaime Romaguera, Russell Short, Greg Smith, Bradley Thomas, Darren Thrupp, Bruce Wallrodt, Paul Wiggins, Matthew van Eldik Women – Marsha Green, Lisa Llorens, Alison Quinn, Sharon Rackham, Louise Sauvage, Christie Skelton, Frances Stanley, Leana Viero, Katrina Webb, Jodi Willis-Roberts, Amy Winters Coaches – Kathryn Lee, Chris Nunn, Lyndall Warry, Andrew Dawes, Scott Goodman.
Louise Sauvage, from Perth, won gold in the Women's 1,500 m T52-53, gold in the Women's 400 m T53, with a result of 54.96, a Paralympic record, gold in the Women's 5,000 m T52-53 time of 12:40.71, a world record, a final gold in the Women's 800 m T53. Louise's world record in the 1500 m took 6 seconds off the previous record, her record in the 5000 m took place only an hour after winning the 400 m. David Evans earned gold in the Men's 1,500 m T44-46, with a result of 3:59.68, another gold in the Men's 4 × 100 m Relay T42-46, with a team result of 45.40, a world record, silver in the Men's 800 m T44-46, with a result of 1:55.81. Fabian Blattman from New South Wales, won gold in the Men's 1500 m T50, with a result of 5:09.41, a Paralympic record, silver in the Men's 800 m T50, with a result of 2:46.67. Katrina Webb from South Australia, was 19 years old. In 1995 she had accepted a year-long netball scholarship at the Australian Institute of Sport, where she was diagnosed with cerebral palsy. People at the Australian Institute of Sport encouraged her to compete in the Paralympics in Atlanta, but Webb resisted because she did not view herself as disabled.
She went on to win a gold medal in the 100 m sprint. Her gold medal was controversial in some Paralympic circles because many did not believe she was disabled enough. Webb won a silver medal with a distance of 4.46 metres. This distance was 24 centimetres better than her previous personal best. Lisa Llorens from the Australian Capital Territory, won a gold and a bronze in track and field events. Lachlan Jones from Melbourne Victoria, won the gold medal; this came after a protest in the medal race. Jones claims the two false starts were intentio
Australia at the Paralympics
Australia has participated in every Summer Paralympics Games since its inauguration in 1960 and in the Winter Paralympics Games since 1980. The Paralympic Games are held every four years, following the Olympic Games and are governed by the International Paralympic Committee; the Paralympic Games have been contractually tied to the Olympic Games since 2001, they have taken place at the same venues since the 1988 Seoul Summer Games and the 1992 Albertville Winter Games. In order to compete at the Paralympics, athletes must have an eligible impairment that leads to a permanent activity limitation, athletes will compete in the classification appropriate to their impairment; these impairments are physical and intellectual impairments. The Australian Paralympic Committee, established in 1990, is responsible for selecting and preparing the Australian Paralympic Teams for both the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games; this committee assists with funding the athletes and competition in addition to talent identification.
Many of Australia's gold medals have come from Athletics, a sport, popular amongst Australian Paralympic athletes, such as Tim Sullivan and Louise Sauvage. The other sport from which many medals have come is Swimming. Australia has hosted the Paralympic Games on one occasion in 2000. Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales hosted the Summer Paralympics from 23 to 31 October 2000. There were 3879 participants from 123 countries across 550 events. Australia was the country to win the most medals with 149 medals overall. Host country Since Australia began competing in the Winter Paralympic Games in 1980, it has only sent competitors in Alpine Skiing and hence all medals won at the Winter Paralympics are in Alpine Skiing. Athlete, Daphne Hilton was Australia's first swimmer who competed at the Rome 1960 Games; this games were the only Paralympic Games. With the games in Tokyo, Australia was able to send a large contingent of athletes as a result of the shorter than typical journey. Australia placed fourth with a total of 31 overall medals.
Australia placed fourth again, with 38 overall medals. Lorraine Dodd was an outstanding athlete at these games, setting three Swimming records for her class, all on the same day. Australian won 25 medals - 9 silver and 10 bronze medals in six sports. Australia finished 11th on 9th on the total medal table. Elizabeth "Libby" Kosmala competed in her first Paralympics, won a bronze medal in swimming in the Women's 3x50 m Medley Relay 2–4 event, participated in other swimming and athletics events; the Olympic and Paralympic Games both aim to be apolitical. Apartheid practices in South Africa brought controversy with the country's invitation to and inclusion in the games. Australian athlete, Eric Russell took a stance against politics at the Paralympic Games when he refused his gold medal in the class 3 discus event as a protest, he accepted the medal from Dr Guttman after a press conference, explaining his position. For the first time, television coverage of the Paralympics was broadcast daily to more than 600,000 viewers around the world.
This Paralympic Games were the first Winter Paralympic Games. Australia was represented by Ron Finneran; this is the first Winter Paralympics that Australia competed in, but did not medal. Australia had two competitors, Kyrra Grunnsund and Peter Rickards, who participated in Slalom and Middle Distance Alpine Skiing respectively, it was the 6th Summer Paralympic game. Australia won 55 medals -- 21 silver and 22 bronze medals. Australia won medals in 6 sports, it finished 14th on 9th on the total medal table. Australia did not win a medal, but was represented by Rodney Mills in cross-country and Kyrra Grunnsund and Andrew Temple in the alpine events of slalom, giant slalom and downhill. In 1984, Australia more than doubled its previous highest medal count with a tally of 143 medals. For the first time, four Cerebral Palsy athletes and one "Les Autres" athlete participated in the Games; each won medals: Robert Walden won four gold medals, Terry Biggs won a gold medal, Lyn Coleman won silver medal and Malcom Chalmers won a gold and two bronze medals.
Australia sent five athletes. These athletes were Michael Collins, Kyrra Grunnsund, Evan Hodge, Michael Milton and David Munk, who all competed in both men's downhill, men's giant slalom and men's slalom, except Munk who only competed in the latter two events. Australia competed in 16 events, achieving 23 gold medals in three sports, Athletics and Lawn Bowls. Overall, Australia received 23 gold, 34 silver and 38 bronze. Australian athletes broke eight records during the Games. Australia's first gold medal at an Olympic or Paralympic Winter Games was won by Michael Milton when he won the LW2 Slalom event. There are no accurate results for the Australian Paralympic team performances at Winter Games previous to 1992; the Australian men's swimming team was dominant in the pool, with Joseph Walker being the undoubted star winning nine gold medals from nine events and setting two world records. Australia's most successful Winter Paralympic Games remain the 1994 Winter Paralympic Games, when five athletes took the
International Tennis Federation
The International Tennis Federation is the governing body of world tennis, wheelchair tennis, beach tennis. It was founded in 1913 as the International Lawn Tennis Federation by twelve national associations, as of 2016, is affiliated with 211 national tennis associations and six regional associations; the ITF's governance responsibilities include maintaining and enforcing the rules of tennis, regulating international team competitions, promoting the game, preserving the sport's integrity via anti-doping and anti-corruption programs. The ITF partners with the Women's Tennis Association and the Association of Tennis Professionals to govern professional tennis; the ITF organizes the Grand Slam events, annual team competitions for men and mixed teams, as well as tennis and wheelchair tennis events at the Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games on behalf of the International Olympic Committee. The ITF sanctions the Grand Slam tennis tournaments as well as circuits which span age ranges as well as disciplines.
In addition to these circuits, the ITF maintains rankings for juniors, seniors and beach tennis. Duane Williams, an American who lived in Switzerland, is recognized as the initiator and driving force behind the foundation of the International Tennis Federation, he died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic. Called the International Lawn Tennis Federation it held its inaugural conference at the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, in Paris, France on 1 March 1913, attended by 12 national associations. Three other countries had requested to become a member. Voting rights were divided based on the perceived importance of the individual countries with Great Britain's Lawn Tennis Association receiving the maximum six votes; the LTA was given the perpetual right to organize the World Grass Championships which led to a refusal by the United States Lawn Tennis Association to join the ILTF as they were of the opinion that this title should be given to the Davis Cup. France received permission to stage the World Hard Court Championships until 1916 and additionally a World Covered Court Championships was founded.
The USLTA joined in 1923 on the basis of two compromises: the title'World Championships' would be abolished and wording would be'for in the English language'. The World Championships were replaced by a new category of Official Championships for the main tournaments in Australia, Great Britain and the United States. In 1924, the ILTF became the recognised organisation with authority to control lawn tennis throughout the world, with official ILTF Rules of Tennis. In 1939 the ILTF had 59 member nations, its funds were moved to London, England during World War II and from that time onward the ITF has been run from there. It was based at Wimbledon until 1987, it moved again in 1998 to the Bank of England Sports Ground, its current base of operations. In 1977 the word'Lawn' was dropped from the name of the organization, in recognition of the fact that most tennis events were no longer played on grass, its official annual is The ITF Year. This replaced World of Tennis, the ITF official annual from 1981 through 2001.
In addition it publishes. As of 2017, there are 211 national associations affiliated with the ITF, of which 148 are voting members and 63 are associate members; the criteria for allocating votes to each voting member are: performance in ITF team competitions. For example, France garners 12 votes, Canada has 9, Egypt has 5, Pakistan has 3, Botswana has 1 vote. Regional associations were created in July 1975 as six "supra-national associations" with the aim to decrease the gap between the ILTF and the national associations; these evolved into the current regional associations: Asian Tennis Federation – 44 members Central American & Caribbean Tennis Confederation – 33 members Confederation of African Tennis – 52 members Oceania Tennis Federation – 20 members South America Tennis Confederation – 10 members Tennis Europe – 50 members ITF members with no regional affiliation The ITF President and Board of Directors are elected every four years by the national associations. Candidates are nominated by the national associations, may serve up to twelve years.
The ITF is the world governing body for the sport of tennis. Its governance includes the following responsibilities: make and enforce the Rules of Tennis. By its own constitution, the ITF guarantees that the official Rules of Tennis "shall be for in the English language". A committee within the ITF periodically makes rule amendment recommendations to the Board of Directors; the Rules of Tennis encompass the manner of play and scoring, in-game coaching, the technical specifications of equipment and other technology. The Rules cover tennis, wheelchair tennis, beach tennis. Through the Tennis Anti-Doping Program, the ITF implements the World Anti-Doping
Australia at the 2000 Summer Paralympics
Australia was the host nation for the 2000 Summer Paralympics, held in Sydney. Australia competed in the games between the 29 October; the team consisted of 285 athletes in 18 sports with 148 officials. It was the country's largest Paralympic delegation to a Games. Australia has participated at every Summer Paralympic Games since its inception. Australia finished at the top of the medal tally with 63 gold, 39 silver and 47 bronze medals to total 149 medals for the games; this was the first time and the only time to date that Australia has finished on top of either an Olympic or Paralympic medal tally. The most successful sports were athletics, equestrian and wheelchair tennis. Notable Australian performances were: Siobhan Paton won six gold medals in S14 swimming events and set six world records Timothy Sullivan won five gold medals and set five world records in athletics Neil Fuller, a leg amputee sprinter, won four gold medals and one bronze medal and was flag bearer at the closing ceremony Lisa Llorens won three gold medals and one silver medal in athletics Greg Smith in wheelchair athletics events won three gold medals Lisa McIntosh won three gold medals in athletics Athletes who won two individual gold medals were: Louise Sauvage, Russell Short, Amy Winters, Julie Higgins, Kingsley Bugarin, Gemma Dashwood.
The games were the eleventh Summer Paralympics since its commencement in 1960. The opening ceremony took place on 18 October, followed by eleven days of intense competition; as the hosting nation, Sydney implemented a number of conservation and environmental education actions. The dedication to water saving techniques during both the Olympic and Paralympic games led to praise from the Ineternational Paralympic Committee. Many held the organization of the games in high esteem; this success was attributed to the coordination between the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee and the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. The Mascot for the games was ` a well-known Australian animal; the voice for ‘Lizzie’ was Olivia Newton-John and actor. ‘Lizzie’ was well marketed and considered a successful iconic representation of the Sydney Paralympic games. Australia topped the medal count with a total of 149 medals. Notable performances from the Australian team include Siobhan Paton with six gold medals, Tim Sullivan with five gold medals and Matthew Gray with two gold medals.
Several Australian venues were used to host the Sydney 2000 Paralympic games. Listed below are the main locations and a brief description of the events at each: Ann Clark Netball Centre, Lidcombe- Volleyball, Dunc Gray Velodrome, Bass Hill- Cycling, Equestrian Centre, Horsely Park- Equestrian, Exhibition Halls, Darling Harbour- Judo, Wheelchair Fencing, Sailing Marina, Rushcutters Bay- Sailing Shooting Centre, Cecil Park- Shooting Sydney Olympic Park- Archery, Basketball, Football, Powerlifting, Table Tennis, Wheelchair Rugby, Wheelchair Tennis. Huge crowds were drawn to these locations, namely some 340 000 school children. Schools were provided with free day tickets for students to attend, promoting the major schools education project which ran alongside the games; the Sydney Olympic Games Organising Committee and the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee held an administrational and organisational partnership to deliver three months of festivals including the Olympic Games, Paralympics Games and cultural festival.
This partnership alleviated transitional issues present at the 1996 Atlanta games, due to cross involvement between the committees at all events. The Prime Minister at the time, Mr John Howard wished the team good luck and said: "Their gold medal tally at Atlanta was second only and our team in Sydney next year will be the largest and strongest ever."Howard mentioned during his speech that the government has provided the athletes with A$5.5 million to prepare for the games. The Australian Paralympic team launch took place during Paralympic Week. There were a number of other events prior to the commencement of the games including the launch of the formal uniforms at the museum of contemporary art and the Nike launch where both Olympic and Paralympic athletes modelled side by side. There were 285 athletes participating in 18 sports; the Australian team had the largest number of athletes with an intellectual disability, a total of 30. Brendan Burkett, Australian Paralympic swimmer was the opening ceremony flag bearer and Neil Fuller, Australian Paralympic athletics medalist was the closing ceremony flag bearer.
Australian athlete Louise Sauvage lit the Paralympic Cauldron at the opening ceremony. The Chef de Mission was Paul Bird, a Paralympic medalist in 1980 and 1984, he was supported by four assistant Chef de Missions. Australia represented in archery by: Coaches – Robert de Bondt, Hans Klar Australia failed to win any medals. Australia represented in athletics by: Coaches – Chris Nunn, Di Barnes, Andrew Dawes, Scott Goodman, Brett Jones, Peter Negropontis, Lorraine Feddema, Robyn Hanson, Phil Badman, Rob Gorringe Officials – Jason Hellwig, Hayden Clark, Barb Denson, Petrina Tierney, Jodie Worrall, Allyson Richards, Bill Hunter, Rick Cooke Australia finished the number one country in athletics with 35 gold, 15 silver and 16 bronze medals; this was Australia's best performance in athletics at the Paralympics. Team highlights included: Timothy Sullivan's five gold medals, Greg Smith's five gold medals, Neil Fuller's four gold medals and one bronze medal, Lisa Llorens's three gold medals and one silver medal and Lisa McIntosh's three gold medals.