Joanna Murray-Smith is a Melbourne based Australian playwright, novelist and newspaper columnist. Murray-Smith was born in Victoria, she graduated with a BA from the University of Melbourne. On a Rotary International Scholarship in 1995, Murray-Smith attended the writing program at Columbia University, New York. In 2003, she took a sabbatical in Italy, she has two sons. Many of Murray-Smith's plays have been performed around the world. Honour has been produced in more than three dozen countries, including productions on Broadway and at the Royal National Theatre in London. Honour was created in 1995 when Murray-Smith was studying in the writing program at Columbia University in New York. There, the play's first public appearance was in a reading with Meryl Streep, Sam Waterston and Kyra Sedgwick; the play was performed at the Belasco Theatre on Broadway in 1998 with Jane Alexander, Robert Foxworth, Laura Linney and Enid Graham. It was performed at London's Royal National Theatre with Eileen Atkins who won best actress in the Laurence Olivier Awards for the role.
Its West End performance took place at Wyndham's Theatre in 2006 with Diana Rigg, Martin Jarvis and Natascha McElhone. Ridge's Lovers was performed in New York under the direction of Brian Leahy Doyle. Honour, Rapture and Day One, a Hotel, Evening have all had staged readings or productions at the annual New York Stage and Film Festival at Vassar College. Scenes from a Marriage was performed in January 2008 at the Belgrade Theatre, directed by Trevor Nunn, with Iain Glen and Imogen Stubbs; the Female of the Species, based on events in the life of Germaine Greer, opened in the West End at the Vaudeville Theatre in July 2008, directed by Roger Michell and starring Eileen Atkins. A Broadway production planned for 2008 with Annette Bening was postponed, it was nominated for Best New Comedy in the 2009 Olivier Awards. In February and March 2010, the play was staged at the Geffen Playhouse in Los Angeles with David Arquette and Bening. Charles Isherwood of The New York Times wrote about this production: "The Female of the Species is not just antifeminist.
In its depiction of women as variously pompous, self-obsessed, sexually obsequious or just plain crazy, it comes closer to being antifemale." The plays and novels of Murray-Smith have been translated and performed around the world. According to the Australia Council, Joanna Murray-Smith and Daniel Keene account for half of all foreign productions of Australian plays. However, Murray-Smith feels that within Australia, at the Sydney Theatre Company, her work and that of other Australian writers, e.g. David Williamson's, is insufficiently supported. Angry Young Penguins Atlanta Love Child Ridge's Lovers Flame Honour Redemption Nightfall Rapture Bombshells The Female of the Species Ninety Scenes from a Marriage Rockabye Songs for Nobodies The Gift Day One, a Hotel, Evening True Minds Fury Switzerland Pennsylvania Avenue Three Little Words Truce ISBN 978-0-14-015252-4 Judgement Rock ISBN 978-0-14-025429-7 Sunnyside ISBN 978-0-14-300536-0 The poems of Ern Malley, ISBN 978-0-04-150088-2 Georgia Cassidy "Mimi Goes to the Analyst" in Six Pack "Greed" in Seven Deadly Sins Lyrics to a song cycle about Harold Holt, music by Paul Grabowsky Janus: episodes "Fit to Plead", "An Unnatural Act", "A Prima Facie Case" Libretto to the opera Love in the Age of Therapy Libretto to The Divorce Australian Film Institute Award nomination in 1989 for the screenplay to Georgia.
Braille Book of the Year for Judgement Rock Victorian Premier's Literary Award: Southbank Pacific Prize for Drama for Honour in 1996 Victorian Premier's Literary Award: Louis Esson Prize for Drama for Rapture in 2003 Winner 2004 Fringe First Award, Edinburgh Festival Fringe for Bombshells International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award nomination in 2004 for Judgement Rock Winner 2005 London Theatregoers Choice Award for Bombshells Final list of twelve of the Miles Franklin Award in 2006 for Sunnyside Co-winner New South Wales Premier's Literary Awards 2012 for The Gift Inaugural Winner 2016 of Mona Brand Award, awarded by the State Library of New South Wales in recognition of "an outstanding Australian woman writing for the stage or screen". Plays by Joanna Murray-Smith Profile at Currency Press What I Wrote – Joanna Murray-Smith – Teacher's Notes Joanna M
State Library Victoria
State Library Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, located in Melbourne. It was established in 1854 as the Melbourne Public Library, making it Australia's oldest public library and one of the first free libraries in the world; the Library's vast collection includes over two million books and 350,000 photographs, manuscripts and newspapers, with a special focus on material from Victoria, including the diaries of the city's founders, John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, the folios of Captain James Cook. It houses some of the original armour of Ned Kelly; the Library is located in the northern centre of the central business district, on the block bounded by Swanston, La Trobe and Little Lonsdale streets. In 1853, the decision to build a combined library and gallery was made at the instigation of Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe and Mr Justice Redmond Barry, Q. C.. A competition was held, won by the arrived architect Joseph Reed, whose firm and its successors went on to design most of the extensions, as well as numerous 19th-century landmarks such as the Melbourne Town Hall, the Royal Exhibition Building.
On 3 July 1854, the inaugurated Governor Sir Charles Hotham laid the foundation stone of both the new library complex and the University of Melbourne. The library was the first stage opened in 1856, with a collection of 3,800 books chosen by Mr Justice Barry, the President of Trustees. Augustus H. Tulk, the first librarian, was appointed three months after the opening; the Melbourne Public Library as it was known was one of the first free public libraries in the world, open to anyone over 14 years of age, so long as they had clean hands. The complex of buildings that now house the Library were built in numerous stages, housing various library spaces, art galleries and museum displays filling the entire block in 1992; the first stage was the centre of the front block, opened in 1856, with most of the front wing, along with the floor Queen's Reading Room complete in 1864 by Abraham Linacre. Other wings were built are various time, such as Barry Hall, along Little Lonsdale Street, in 1886, McCoy Hall, built for the Museum in 1892, Baldwin Spencer Hall facing Russell Street in 1909, the McAllan Gallery on the LaTrobe Street side, built in 1932.
Temporary buildings were built in 1866 for the Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia just behind the front wing, which remained in use until 1909, when work began on the library's famed Domed Reading Room, opened in 1913, designed by Bates and Smart, the successor to Reed's firm, now known as Bates Smart. In 1959, the dome's skylights were covered in copper sheets due to water leakage, creating the dim atmosphere that characterised the Library for decades; the National Gallery of Victoria moved to new buildings in St Kilda Road in 1968, the Melbourne Museum moved to the Carlton Gardens in 2000. The library underwent major refurbishments between 1990 and 2004, designed by architects Ancher Mortlock & Woolley; the project cost A$200 million. The reading room closed in 1999 to allow for renovation; the renamed La Trobe Reading Room reopened in 2003. The redevelopment included the creation of a number of exhibition spaces, some of which are used to house permanent exhibitions The Mirror of the World: Books and Ideas and The Changing Face of Victoria as well as a display from the Pictures Collection in the Cowen Gallery.
As a result of the redevelopment, State Library Victoria can now be considered one of the largest exhibiting libraries in the world. In February 2010, the southern wing of the library on Little Lonsdale Street was reopened as the Wheeler Centre, part of Melbourne's city of literature initiative. In 2015 the Library embarked on a five-year, $88.1 million redevelopment project, Vision 2020, to transform its public spaces and facilities to better meet the changing needs of the community. On 29 April 2015 the Minister for Creative Industries Martin Foley announced that the 2015–16 State Budget would provide $55.4 million towards the redevelopment of State Library Victoria, including the restoration of the Queen’s Hall, the creation of a rooftop garden terrace, a dedicated children’s and youth space, the opening up 40 percent more of the building to the public. In late 2017, the library's contribution of $27 million from donations was raised. In September 2018, the main Swanston Street entrance is temporarily closed and replaced by the newly refurbished Russell Street and La Trobe Street entrances.
The grassy lawn in front of the library's grand entrance on Swanston Street is a popular lunch-spot for the city's workers and students at the adjacent RMIT University. Enclosed by a picket fence by a wrought iron fence and gates in the 1870s, the space was opened up with the removal of the fence and the creation of diagonal paths in 1939; the forecourt includes a number of statues. A pair of bronze lions flanked the entry from the 1860s until they were removed in 1937 due to deterioration. A memorial statue of Mr Justice Sir Redmond Barry, Q. C. by James Gilbert and built by Percival Ball was installed on the central landing of the main stairs in 1887. Flanking the entrance plaza are Saint George and the Dragon, by the English sculptor Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, installed in 1889 and Jeanne d'Arc, a replica of the statue by French sculptor Emmanuel Frémiet, installed in 1907. WW1 commemorative statues ‘Wipers’ and ‘The Driver’ were at the centre points of the 1939 diagonal paths were relocated to the ground of the Shrine of Remembrance in 1998.
A statue of Charles La Trobe, by Australian sculptor Peter Corlett, was installed in 2006 in the
The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter, it is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 11 associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights, attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.
It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication; the broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals —underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September 1921, to elect a Commission to study feasibility; this new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was indeed created in 1922.
On 18 December 1925, the International Bureau of Education began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development. However, the onset of World War II interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. After the signing of the Atlantic Charter and the Declaration of the United Nations, the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education began meetings in London which continued from 16 November 1942 to 5 December 1945. On 30 October 1943, the necessity for an international organization was expressed in the Moscow Declaration, agreed upon by China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the USSR; this was followed by the Dumbarton Oaks Conference proposals of 9 October 1944. Upon the proposal of CAME and in accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, held in San Francisco in April–June 1945, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization was convened in London 1–16 November 1945 with 44 governments represented.
The idea of UNESCO was developed by Rab Butler, the Minister of Education for the United Kingdom, who had a great deal of influence in its development. At the ECO/CONF, the Constitution of UNESCO was introduced and signed by 37 countries, a Preparatory Commission was established; the Preparatory Commission operated between 16 November 1945, 4 November 1946—the date when UNESCO's Constitution came into force with the deposit of the twentieth ratification by a member state. The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General; the Constitution was amended in November 1954 when the General Conference resolved that members of the Executive Board would be representatives of the governments of the States of which they are nationals and would not, as before, act in their personal capacity. This change in governance distinguished UNESCO from its predecessor, the ICIC, in how member states would work together in the organization's fields of competence.
As member states worked together over time to realize UNESCO's mandate and historical factors have shaped the organization's operations in particular during the Cold War, the decolonization process, the dissolution of the USSR. Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists and other scientists in 1950 and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. In 1956, the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems." South Africa rejoined the organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, started in 1947; this project was followed by expert missions to other countries, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in 1949.
In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal. In 1990, the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien, launched a global movement to provide basic education for a
Tony Wheeler, is an English publishing entrepreneur and travel writer, co-founder of the Lonely Planet guidebook company with his wife Maureen Wheeler. Born in England, his father worked for the British Overseas Airways Corporation as an airport manager, so he grew up in Pakistan, the Bahamas, Canada and England, never spending as much as two years in the same school. Wheeler holds an engineering degree from an MBA from London Business School, he was a former engineer at the Chrysler corporation. After travelling across Europe with Maureen Wheeler, they arrived in Melbourne in 1972 and put out their first book, Across Asia on the Cheap in 1973; this would grow into a name derived from a misheard Joe Cocker song. They married hand had two children and Kieran. In 1980, the publication of a guidebook to India doubled the size of the company. BBC Worldwide bought 75 percent of their share of the company in 2007 and their remaining 25 percent in February 2011, bringing the couple's net worth to $190 million.
After the 2007 BBC deal and his wife established a charitable foundation, Planet Wheeler, which funds over 50 projects in the developing world. His books since Lonely Planet include Unlikely Destinations. In the 2014 Queen's Birthday Honours List and Maureen were both appointed as Officers of the Order of Australia, each for "distinguished service to business and commerce as a publisher of travel guides, as a benefactor to a range of Australian arts and aid organisations". Wheeler Centre Personal website
ABC Radio National, known on-air as RN, is an Australia-wide Public Service Broadcasting radio network run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National broadcasts national programming in subjects that include news and current affairs, the arts, social issues, science and comedy; some programs are relayed on Radio Australia, the ABC's international international broadcasting service, transmitted on shortwave until January 2017. Radio National has 327 transmitter sites and covers over 98% of the permanently inhabited areas of Australia. Remote areas are served by satellite service. All radio programs are available for live streaming over the Internet, most as audio-on-demand, or for download as MP3s for at least four weeks after broadcast; some programs are available as MP3s going back to 2005. From 1928, the National Broadcasting Service, as part of the federal Postmaster-General's Department took over responsibility for all the existing stations that were sponsored by public licence fees.
The outsourced Australian Broadcasting Company supplied programs from 1929. In 1932 a commission was established, merging the original ABC company and the National Broadcasting Service, it is from this time that Radio National dates as a distinct network within the ABC, in which a system of program relays was developed during the subsequent decades to link stations spread across the nation. Radio National's Sydney station 2FC first test broadcast on 5 December 1923 and went to air on 9 January 1924. 2FC stood for the original owner of the station before the ABC took it over. The origins of the other stations in the network were: 3AR Melbourne – 26 January 1924 "Associated Radio Company of Australia", organized by Esmond Laurence Kiernan and others. 5CL Adelaide – 20 November 1924 "Central Broadcasters Ltd" 7ZL Hobart – 17 December 1924 4QG Brisbane – 27 July 1925 "Queensland Government" 6WN Perth – 5 October 1938 "Wanneroo" 2CY Canberra – 23 December 1938 2NA Newcastle – 20 December 1943The first transmitters for 2FC, 5CL and 4QG were made by AWA with power of 5 kW.
They used a MT7A valve for a MT7B for the modulator. The power supply was 12,000 volts from three phase power rectified by MR7 valves. Note that 4QG commenced with a 500 Watt transmitter which continued for about 6 months until the 5 kW unit was commissioned; the radio transmitters for 3AR and 2FC were upgraded to 10 kW in a contract let in 1938 to STC. The transmitters were designed by Charles Strong in London, were notable in using negative feedback to ensure a high quality flat frequency response. From 1947 until the mid-1980s, "Radio 2" was broadcast to the major metropolitan centres, with a large broadcast footprint in adjacent areas due to the powerful AM transmitters in use, it contained most of the ABC's national programming. The power level of 2FC and 3AR was upgraded to 50 kW in the early 1950s; the transmitters for these were housed in the same building as the radio 1 network. They were manufactured by STC; the final stage contained three parallel 3J/261E air cooled triodes running in class C amplifier at 90% efficiency.
These were driven by a class B push-pull modulator with the same type of valves. That of 5CL had to wait until late 1961. In the 1970s, the network's program format began to take on a more serious tone, a style which continues to this day. Art critic Peter Timm remarked that the network is "virtually the only non-print media forum for art in this country."In the early 1980s the broadcast footprint was extended with the construction of the first of over 300 regional FM transmitters. In 1985, the ABC renamed "Radio 2" as "Radio National". Since 1990, all Radio National stations have had the same callsign format, Radio National preceded by the appropriate number for the state or territory, sometimes followed by the locality; as a result of cuts in the 1996–97 budget, Radio National was hit with a reduction of a million dollars in its funding, with a significant impact on programming. In January 2012 Radio National was rebranded as RN in recognition of the stations growing digital audience. RN has been used as shorthand for the station's name by many presenters going back several years.
The stations tagline, which has changed over the years, was changed to "Your World Unfolding" to mesh with the station's new logo and visual identity. In January 2017 the schedule has been reduced in scope due to loss of staff and programmes; the times shown relate to Radio National's schedules in the eastern states of Australia. Pre-recorded shows are broadcast on time delay in the west. Full program guides for all regions are published on the RN website. AM, The World Today, PM: in-depth news and analysis Correspondents Report: in-depth news and analysis Asia Pacific: current regional affairs in the Asia Pacific region, from ABC Radio Australia Breakfast: "comprehensive coverage and analysis of national and international events - serious, fun and diverse" hosted by Fran Kelly RN Drive: "With fresh p
Overland is an Australian literary and cultural magazine. It was established in 1954, under the auspices of the Realist Writers Group in Melbourne, with Stephen Murray-Smith as the first editor-in-chief, it has been edited by: • Barrett Reid, 1988-1993 • John McLaren, Spring 1993–Autumn 1997 • Ian Syson, Winter 1997–Summer 2002 • Nathan Hollier and Katherine Wilson, Autumn 2002–Spring 2004 • Nathan Hollier, 2005–2006 • Jeff Sparrow, 2007–2014 The current editor is Jacinda Woodhead. The magazine has a left-wing orientation. List of literary magazines Davidson, Jim, "Stephen’s Vector", Overland, no.216, pp.91-97. McLaren, John, "Bias Australian?", Overland, no.217, pp.86-93. Official website
Paul Kelly (Australian musician)
Paul Maurice Kelly is an Australian rock music singer-songwriter and harmonica player. He has performed solo, has led numerous groups, including the Dots, the Coloured Girls, the Messengers, he has worked with other artists and groups, including associated projects Professor Ratbaggy and Stardust Five. Kelly's music style has ranged from bluegrass to studio-oriented dub reggae, but his core output straddles folk and country, his lyrics capture the vastness of the culture and landscape of Australia by chronicling life about him for over 30 years. David Fricke from Rolling Stone calls Kelly "one of the finest songwriters I have heard, Australian or otherwise." Kelly has said, "Song writing is mysterious to me. I still feel like a total beginner. I don't feel like I have got it nailed yet". After growing up in Adelaide, Kelly travelled around Australia before settling in Melbourne in 1976, he became involved in the pub rock scene and drug culture, recorded two albums with Paul Kelly and the Dots. Kelly moved to Sydney by 1985, where he formed the Coloured Girls.
The band was renamed Paul Kelly and the Messengers only for international releases, to avoid possible racist interpretations. At the end of the 1980s, Kelly returned to Melbourne, in 1991 he disbanded the Messengers. Kelly was divorced twice. Dan Kelly, his nephew, is a guitarist in his own right. Dan performed with Kelly on Stolen Apples. Both were members of Stardust Five, which released a self-titled album in 2006. On 22 September 2010 Kelly released his memoir, How to Make Gravy, which he described as "it's not traditional, his biographical film, Paul Kelly: Stories of Me, directed by Ian Darling, was released to cinemas in October 2012. Kelly's Top 40 singles include "Billy Baxter", "Before Too Long", "Darling It Hurts", "To Her Door", "Dumb Things", "Roll on Summer". Top-20 albums include Gossip, Under the Sun, Songs from the South... Nothing but a Dream, Stolen Apples and Fall, The Merri Soul Sessions, Seven Sonnets and a Song, Death's Dateless Night, Life Is Fine – his first number-one album – and Nature.
Kelly has won 14 Australian Recording Industry Association Music Awards, including his induction into their Hall of Fame in 1997. In 2001 the Australasian Performing Right Association listed the Top 30 Australian songs of all time, which included Kelly's "To Her Door", "Treaty", written by Kelly and members of Yothu Yindi. Aside from "Treaty", Kelly wrote or co-wrote several songs on Indigenous Australian social issues and historical events, he provided songs for many other artists. The album Women at the Well from 2002 had 14 female artists record his songs in tribute. Kelly was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Australia in 2017 for distinguished service to the performing arts and to the promotion of the national identity through contributions as a singer and musician. Paul Maurice Kelly was born on 13 January 1955 in Adelaide, to John Erwin Kelly, a lawyer, Josephine, the sixth of eight surviving children. According to Rip It Up magazine, "legend has it" that Kelly's mother gave birth to him "in a taxi outside North Adelaide's Calvary Hospital".
Although Kelly was raised as a Roman Catholic, he described himself as a non-believer in any religion. He is the great great grandson of Jeremiah Kelly, who emigrated from Ireland in 1852 and settled in Clare, South Australia, his paternal grandfather, Francis Kelly, established a law firm in 1917, which his father, joined in 1937. John Kelly died in 1968 at the age of 52, after being diagnosed with Parkinson's disease three years earlier. Paul Kelly was thirteen years old. Kelly described his father: "I have good memories, he was the kind of father that, well, I missed him when he died much; the older children were growing into him at the time. He was not well enough to play sport with me". Kelly's maternal grandfather was an Argentine-born, Italian-speaking opera singer, Count Ercole Filippini, a leading baritone for the La Scala Opera Company in Milan. Filippini was touring Australia in 1914 with a Spanish opera company; as Countessa Anne Filippini, she was Australia's first female symphony orchestra conductor.
She sang the role of Marguerite in Australian Broadcasting Corporation Radio Perth's performance of Faust in 1928. Kelly's grandparents started the Italo-Australian Opera Company, which toured the country in the 1920s. Josephine raised the younger children alone after John's death, but found time to assist others in need. Paul's oldest sister, became a nun and went on to write hymns, while a younger sister, Mary-Jo, plays piano in Latin bands and teaches music. An older brother, works for Edmund Rice International, with another brother, Tony, a drug and alcohol counsellor, who ran as an Australian Greens candidate in the 2001 and 2004 federal elections. Josephine Kelly moved to Brisbane, where she died in 2000, at the age of 76. Kelly attended Rostrevor College, a Christian Brothers school, where he played trumpet and studied piano, became the first XI cricket captain, played in the first XVIII football, he was named dux of his senior year. Kelly studied arts at Flinders University in 1973, but left after a term, disillusioned with academic life.