Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Palatine is a village in Cook County, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago; as of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 65,479. In the 2010 census its population had risen to 68,557, making it the seventh-largest community in Cook County and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois; the first European-American to settle in Palatine is thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road which passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela Road in his honor; the Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new North Western Railway. Joel Wood laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood. A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912.
The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine. Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II; the town has experienced rapid growth since part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931; the fairgrounds are now a subdivision with a name that pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds. During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle. A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal. While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, is Illinois' largest city or village to be so.
The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside the village hall. In 1993, a multiple homicide, the Brown's Chicken massacre, received national attention. Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999; this process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, several new condominiums and commercial buildings. In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County. According to the 2010 census, Palatine has a total area of 13.763 square miles, of which 13.62 square miles is land and 0.143 square miles is water. Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe. Palatine is in a wooded marshland. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek.
The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed; as of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 10.3% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.4% some other race, 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population. There were 26,876 households out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, 7.5% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, the average family size was 3.16.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female. According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, the median income for a family was $74,915; the per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. The village is home to a large Sikh gurdwara on its northwest side, visited by Sikhs from across the country. Palatine operates under the Council-manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor; the council hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation.
The current mayor is Jim Schwantz. Weber-Stephen Products, manufacturer of the Weber grill, is headquartered in Palatine. According to Palatine's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Palatine is part of Community Consolidated School District 15 f
St. Viator High School
Saint Viator High School is a Roman Catholic co-educational secondary school in Arlington Heights, Illinois. It serves as a college preparatory school with students from the northwest suburbs of Chicago. Part of the Archdiocese of Chicago, the school is run by the Clerics of Saint Viator; the Archdiocese of Chicago reallocated some land it had owned — tentatively designated for a future cemetery — for educational purposes, assigned the Clerics of St. Viator to build and run a boys' secondary school, it opened in 1961 to a small class of freshmen and a few sophomores, graduating its first class in 1965. Enrollments waned over the next few decades. Faced with declining numbers in 1987, the choice was made to merge with Sacred Heart of Mary High School of Rolling Meadows, with which Saint Viator had a sister-school relationship; the merger was effected in the summer of 1987. The physical plant remained unchanged from its original 1961 footprint. A co—educational student population required the construction of a girls' locker room.
This kicked off a string of renovations to occur throughout the 1990s, including a renovation of the boys' locker room, the chapel, science labs. After a major capital campaign, the school constructed a multipurpose athletic addition, the Boler Center was dedicated in summer of 2005. In 2014, the Marie Gallagher Academic Commons was dedicated and in 2015 Fr. Louis Querbes Hall and the new fine arts facilities were dedicated. Since 2007, Saint Viator High School has used hair samples to test each of its 1,000 students for drugs in the fall and conduct random screens during the rest of the school year. Starting in 2013, the school will test for alcohol. Private schools have broader legal authority to test students for illegal substances than their public counterparts, and while a few area public high schools do conduct drug testing, the practice is limited to teens in sports or other extracurricular activities. Yet among private schools, testing students' hair for alcohol use appears to be rare.
The testing company, Massachusetts-based Psychemedics Corp. said Saint Viator is among a handful nationwide using the company's new hair test for alcohol. At St. Viator, students are notified of their mandatory testing appointments on the morning of the test. At lunchtime, a school official snips off a sample of about 60 hairs from the crown of each chosen student's head; the alcohol test measures ethyl glucuronide, or EtG, to indicate alcohol consumption in the previous three months. The tests take about a week to process and are capable of indicating a minimum average consumption of two to three drinks per week. Students who test positive must attend a meeting with their parents and the school president. After 90 days the student will be retested, a second positive will result in more serious disciplinary consequences and possible consideration for dismissal from school. Private schools can in general mandate alcohol tests at their own discretion. Saint Viator follows a Christian Catholic Environment.
Students are required to take classes from a breadth of areas, including math, fine arts, social science, religion. Instruction in the Spanish, French and Mandarin Chinese languages is offered. Since 2008, German is no longer offered. 17 Advanced Placement courses are offered in English Language, English Literature, Spanish Language and Culture, French Language and Culture, Italian Language and Culture, Chinese Language and Culture, Chemistry, Physics, U. S. History, European History, Human Geography, Computer Science Principles and World HistoryThe school requires students to complete a fixed number of community service hours in order to graduate. Starting with the class of 2010, students are required to complete 25 community service hours in one year which adds up to 100 service hours for the 4 years. In 2008, Saint Viator was named a blue ribbon school by the U. S. Department of Education, it was one of only three private high schools in the country to be recognized as blue ribbon schools. Again in 2014, the school was recognized as a blue ribbon school.
This time around it was only one of six private high schools in the nation and the only high school in the Archdiocese of Chicago to be recognized. Since 1996, numerous students from Saint Viator have achieved a 36 on the American College Test, the ACT. In 2016-17, nine students were named National Merit Commended Scholars, five were named National Merit Semi-Finalists, three were named National Merit Finalists. Saint Viator offers various academic and leadership societies, such as National Honor Society, Ambassador's Club, Justice League, Math Club, Science Club, The Justice League, Film Club, Champions Club, Anime Club, Students Against Destructive Decisions, Viator Voice, Recycling Corps, Link Crew, Tech Crew and Student Council. There are many performing ensembles offered: the Winter Musical, the Fall Play, Concert Band, Symphonic Band, Jazz Band, Musical Pit Orchestra, Pep Band, Concert Choir, Treble Choir, Chamber Singers, Music Ministry, Orchesis. For most sports, Saint Viator plays in the East Suburban Catholic Conference.
The Saint Viator varsity hockey team plays in both the Chicago Catholic Hockey League and the Scholastic Hockey League. Saint Viator's athletics have been a prosperous school in some of their athletic tea
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for
Camp Ramah is a network of Jewish summer camps affiliated with the Conservative Movement. The camps operate in the United States and Israel. Ramah camps are Shabbat-observant. During the 1940s, the Jewish Theological Seminary established Camp Ramah as a tool for furthering Jewish education; the founders, including Rabbi Ralph Simon of Chicago, envisioned an informal camp setting where Jewish youth would reconnect with the synagogue and Jewish tradition, a new cadre of American-born Jewish leadership could be cultivated. The founders of Ramah camps were inspired by Camp Cejwin; the first camp opened in Conover, Wisconsin in 1947. The program was drawn up by Sylvia Ettenberg of the JTS Teachers' Institute. In October 2007, Ettenberg was awarded Pras Ramah as part of Ramah's 60th anniversary celebrations. Many of the early staff were ex-Camp Massad people and JTS students. In 1950, the second Ramah camp opened in the Poconos and in 1953, the third Ramah camp opened in Connecticut. Today, Ramah camps are attended by over 6,500 campers, ranging in age from 7–16, with a staff of 1,500 counselors, co-counselors and teachers.
In addition to typical summer camp activities, Ramah camps offer an educational program focusing on Judaism and Hebrew-language instruction on different levels. Camp Ramah offers sleep-away camps with an option to stay for either 4 or 8 weeks, day camps with busing, an Israel summer tour program for teenagers, a day camp in Jerusalem for American and Israeli children, a variety of high school programs in Israel; the camps operate under the aegis of the National Ramah Commission, the camping arm of Conservative Judaism, which provides oversight and educational planning. The mission of Ramah is to create summer camps and Israel programs which inspire commitment to Jewish life and cultivate a new generation of Jewish communal leaders. In addition to its university-aged American counselors, the staff of each camp is joined by a corps of emissaries from Israel known as the "mishlachat/מישלחת". Ramah operates overnight camps in the Berkshires; the three day camps include Nyack. Ramah Outdoor Adventure in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, Ramah’s first specialty camp, opened in the summer of 2010.
Additionally, Ramah runs summer and high school semester programs in Israel, partners with summer camp programming in the Ukraine and Israel. A Trinity College researcher, Ariella Keysar, documented a significant impact of Ramah on college students: She found that Ramah graduates were three time more to date only Jews, four times more to attend synagogue services, three times as as the general Jewish population to spend significant time in Israel. According to the Jewish Agency for Israel, Camp Ramah "is not just a camp, it’s a lifestyle." Among North American olim, one finds communities of former Americans who attended Camp Ramah and reconnected in life. Many spiritual leaders, social justice advocates and community board members in North America trace their strong Jewish values and commitment to Judaism to their summers at Ramah. An educational initiative by Camp Ramah produced Siddur Lev Yisrael, one of the only Conservative siddurim without an English translation; this is done in support of Ramah's educational mission to spread the use of Hebrew.
Camp Ramah in the Berkshires is located on Lake Ellis, 90 minutes north of New York City by car. It serves the metropolitan New York/New Jersey area. Camp Ramah in California is located in the hills of Ojai, California, 90 minutes north of Los Angeles by car, it serves California and much of the western United States. Camp Ramah in Canada is located in the Muskoka Region of Ontario, 2 hours north of Toronto, on Skeleton Lake, it serves Canada and parts of the northern United States. Camp Ramah Darom is located in 122 acres in the Appalachian Valley near Clayton, Georgia, 2 hours north of Atlanta, it serves the southern United States. Camp Ramah in New England known as Ramah Palmer, is located 1½ hours west of Boston and 45 minutes east of Amherst and Northampton, it opened in 1953 as Camp Ramah Connecticut and serves the New England area as well as DC, parts of New York. Camp Ramah New England operates the Ramah Day Camp of Greater Washington, DC, a day camp located in Germantown, MD. Camp Ramah in Northern California known as Ramah NorCal, is the newest Ramah camp, opening in 2016.
Ramah NorCal is a specialty camp with three tracks, ocean exploration, performing arts, adventure sports. Camp Ramah in Northern California will host a Tikvah program for campers with special needs. Camp Ramah in the Poconos is located in the mountain region of Wayne County in Northeastern Pennsylvania, 3 hours driving time from both New York City and Philadelphia, it serves parts of the northeast United States. Ramah in the Rockies is located in the Rocky Mountains, a 360-acre camp site 1½–2 hours by car from Denver and Colorado Springs. Ramah Rockies opened in 2010 and is the first Ramah specialty camp, focusing its program on outdoors and environmental education. Ramah Sports Academy is located in Connecticut; the camp is located on the campus of Fairfield University. Our location offer
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Lake County, Illinois
Lake County is a county situated in the northeastern corner of the U. S. state of Illinois along the shores of Lake Michigan. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 703,462, making it the third-most populous county in Illinois, its county seat is the ninth-largest city in Illinois. Lake County is one of the collar counties of the Chicago metropolitan area. According to the 2000 census, Lake County is the 31st richest county in the nation by per capita income; the lakefront communities of Lake Forest, Lake Bluff, Highland Park are part of the affluent North Shore area. Naval Station Great Lakes is located in the city of North Chicago, it is the United States Navy's Headquarters Command for training, the Navy's only recruit training center. The county, unsettled prairie and was still home to its native Potawatomi Indians, was created by the Illinois State Legislature in 1839. At that time, Libertyville known as Independence Grove, was the first county seat. In 1841, the county's residents voted to move the county government to Little Fort, now Waukegan, where the commissioners had purchased a section of land from the state.
Lake County's first courthouse was built on part of that land in 1844 and the remainder was sold to pay for the $4,000 construction cost. The county's first courthouse was used for court sessions and the jail, but in 1853, commissioners constructed a building to accommodate county administration offices and house records; when fire damaged the courthouse on October 19, 1875, the county records were saved because they were in the adjacent building. After the fire, proposals were made to move the county seat to Highland Park, Libertyville or another site in central Lake County; the county commissioners, decided to rebuild in Waukegan. The east half of the building was reconstructed at a cost of $45,000. In 1895, the first jail building was added to the government complex and a west addition was added to the courthouse in 1922. By 1938, county commissioners saw a need for additional space and approved the addition of a 5th Floor; this courthouse, was demolished in 1967 to make room for a new high-rise administration building, completed with the addition of the jail in 1969 and courts in 1970.
Shortly thereafter, the Lake County Board commissioned the construction of a multi-faceted justice facility and ground was broken in 1986 for the Robert H. Babcox Justice Center, named in memory of Sheriff Babcox, who served as Lake County Sheriff from 1982-1988; the justice center, which houses the county jail, work release program, sheriff's administration offices and three courtrooms, was finished in 1989 at a cost of $29.6 million. Additional county government facilities have been built or expanded throughout Lake County, including the Coroner's Office, Health Department/Community Health Center facilities, Division of Transportation, Public Works and Winchester House. Lake County government services extend throughout the county's 470 square miles; the historic Half Day Inn, a tavern/restaurant, was constructed in 1843. This structure, once located at the corner of Milwaukee Avenue and Rte. 45/Old Half Day Road, was one of the oldest structures in Lake County until it was demolished in 2007 to make way for retail space, a retention pond.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,368 square miles, of which 444 square miles is land and 935 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Illinois by total area. Most of the water is in Lake Michigan. Illinois Beach State Park North Point Marina Volo Bog State Natural Area Chain O'Lakes State Park Besides Lake Michigan, lakes in the county include: Lake County's forest preserves and natural areas are administered by the Lake County Forest Preserves district; these facilities include traditional nature preserves, such as the Ryerson Conservation Area, as well as golf courses and historic homes, such as the Adlai Stevenson historic home. A long north-south string of the preserves in Lake County, including Half Day Woods, Old School Forest Preserve, Independence Grove, Van Patten Woods, form the Des Plaines River Greenway, which contains the Des Plaines River Trail, a popular place for walking and biking. Lake County is home to Illinois Beach State Park, featuring over six miles of Lake Michigan shoreline, as well as dune areas, wetlands and black oak savanna.
Several local environmental groups operate in Lake County, such as Conserve Lake County and Citizens for Conservation, working to improve habitat. Volunteer opportunities exist with the Lake County Forest Preserve District. Kenosha County, Wisconsin - north Cook County - south McHenry County - west As of the 2010 Census, there were 703,462 people, 241,712 households, 179,428 families residing in the county; the population density was 1,585.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 260,310 housing units at an average density of 586.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 75.1% white, 7.0% black or African American, 6.3% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 8.5% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 19.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.5% were German, 12.9% were Irish, 9.4% were Polish, 6.9% were Italian, 6.5% were English, 4.0% were American. Of the 241,712 households, 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families, 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.31. The median age was 36.7 years. The median income for a hous