White Fang is a novel by American author Jack London — and the name of the book's eponymous character, a wild wolfdog. First serialized in Outing magazine, it was published in 1906; the story takes place in Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush and details White Fang's journey to domestication. It is a companion novel to London's best-known work, The Call of the Wild, about a kidnapped, domesticated dog embracing his wild ancestry to survive and thrive in the wild. Much of White Fang is written from the viewpoint of the titular canine character, enabling London to explore how animals view their world and how they view humans. White Fang examines the violent world of wild animals and the violent world of humans; the book explores complex themes including morality and redemption. As early as 1925, the story was adapted to film, it has since seen several more cinematic adaptations, including a 1991 film starring Ethan Hawke and a 2018 Netflix original.
The story begins before the wolf-dog hybrid is born, with two men and their sled dog team on a journey to deliver Lord Alfred's coffin to a remote town named Fort McGurry in the higher area of the Yukon Territory, Canada. The men and Henry, are stalked by a large pack of starving wolves over the course of several days. After all of their dogs and Bill have been eaten, four more teams find Henry trying to escape from the wolves; the story follows the pack, robbed of its last prey. When the pack brings down a moose, the famine is ended; the she-wolf gives birth to a litter of five cubs by the Mackenzie River, all but one die from hunger. One Eye is killed by a lynx while trying to rob her den for food for her cub; the surviving cub and the she-wolf are left to fend for themselves. Shortly afterward, the she-wolf kills all the lynx's kittens to feed her cub, prompting the lynx to track her down, a vicious fight breaks out; the she-wolf kills the lynx but suffers severe injury. The cub comes across five Native Americans one day, the she-wolf comes to his rescue.
One man, Grey Beaver, recognizes the she-wolf as Kiche, his brother's wolfdog, who left during a famine. Grey Beaver's brother is dead and so he takes Kiche and her cub and christens the cub White Fang. White Fang has a harsh life in the Indian camp; the Indians save him, but the pups never accept him, the leader, Lip-lip, singles him out for persecution. White Fang grows to become a savage, morose and deadly fighter, "the enemy of his kind", it is at this time that White Fang is separated from his mother, sold off to another Indian Camp by Three Eagles. He realizes how hard life in the wild is when he runs away from camp and earns the respect of Grey Beaver when he saves his son Mit-Sah from a group of boys seeking revenge; when a famine occurs, he runs away into the woods and encounters his mother Kiche, only for her to chase him away for she has a new litter of cubs. He encounters Lip-lip whom he fights and kills before returning to the camp; when White Fang is five years old, he is taken to Fort Yukon so that Grey Beaver can trade with the gold-hunters.
There, when Grey Beaver is drunk, White Fang is bought by an evil dog-fighter named Beauty Smith. White Fang defeats all opponents pitted against him, including several wolves and a lynx, until a bulldog called Cherokee is brought in to fight him. Cherokee has the upper hand in the fight when he grips the skin and fur of White Fang's neck and begins to throttle him. White Fang nearly suffocates but is rescued when a rich, young gold hunter, Weedon Scott, stops the fight and forcefully buys White Fang from Beauty Smith. Scott attempts to tame White Fang, after a long, patient effort, he succeeds; when Scott attempts to return to California alone, White Fang pursues him, Scott decides to take the dog with him back home. In Sierra Vista, White Fang must adjust to the laws of the estate. At the end of the book, an escaped convict, Jim Hall, tries to kill Scott's father, Judge Scott, for sentencing him to prison for a crime he didn't commit, not knowing that Hall was "railroaded". White Fang is nearly killed himself but survives.
As a result, the women of Scott's estate name him "The Blessed Wolf". The story ends with White Fang relaxing in the sun with the puppies he has fathered with the sheep-dog Collie. White Fang is the novel's protagonist, he is a wolfdog, born wild but becomes more dog-like after Grey Beaver domesticates him. Grey Beaver is a Native American chief, White Fang's first master. Beauty Smith is the main antagonist of White Fang's second master. Weedon Scott is a wealthy gold hunter, White Fang's third master and the first one to show affection towards him. Kiche is White Fang's mother. Lip-lip is a canine pup who lives in the Native American village. One-Eye was White Fang's father. Jim Hall was an escaped convict. Critics have identified many underlying themes in the novel. Tom Feller describes the story as "an allegory of humanity's progression from nature to civilization." He expresses that "the implication is that the metamorphosis of both the individual and society will require violence at some point."
Paul Deane states that " society demands a confor
Aspen is the home rule municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Pitkin County, United States. Its population was 6,658 at the 2010 United States Census. Aspen is in a remote area of the Rocky Mountains' Sawatch Range and Elk Mountains, along the Roaring Fork River at an elevation just below 8,000 feet above sea level on the Western Slope, 11 miles west of the Continental Divide. Founded as a mining camp during the Colorado Silver Boom and named "Aspen" because of the abundance of aspen trees in the area, the city boomed during the 1880s, its first decade of existence; the boom ended when the Panic of 1893 led to a collapse in the silver market, the city began a half-century known as "the quiet years" during which its population declined, reaching a nadir of fewer than a thousand by 1930. Aspen's fortunes reversed in the mid-20th century when neighboring Aspen Mountain was developed into a ski resort, industrialist Walter Paepcke bought many properties in the city and redeveloped them.
Today it is home to three institutions, two of which Paepcke helped found, that have international importance: the Aspen Music Festival and School, the Aspen Institute, the Aspen Center for Physics. In the late 20th century, the city became a popular retreat for celebrities. Gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson worked out of a downtown hotel and ran unsuccessfully for county sheriff. Singer John Denver wrote two songs about Aspen after settling there. Both of them popularized Aspen among the counter-cultural youth of the 1970s as an ideal place to live, the city continued to grow as it gained notoriety for some of the era's hedonistic excesses. Today the musicians and movie stars have been joined by corporate executives; as a result of this influx of wealth, Aspen has some of the most expensive real estate in the United States and many middle-class residents can no longer afford to live there. It remains a popular tourist destination, with outdoor recreation in the surrounding White River National Forest serving as a summertime complement to the four ski areas in the vicinity.
The city's roots are traced to the winter of 1879, when a group of miners ignored pleas by Frederick Pitkin, Governor of Colorado, to return across the Continental Divide to avoid a Ute uprising. The Utes were fighting to maintain possession of their land and communities. Named Ute City, the small community was renamed Aspen in 1880, and, in its peak production years of 1891 and 1892, surpassed Leadville as the United States' most productive silver-mining district. Production expanded due to the passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, which doubled the government's purchase of silver. By 1893, Aspen had banks, a hospital, a police department, two theaters, an opera house, electric lights. Economic collapse came with the Panic of 1893, when President Cleveland called a special session of congress and repealed the act. Within weeks, many of the Aspen mines were closed and thousands of miners were put out of work, it was proposed that silver be recognized as legal tender and the People's Party adopted that as one of its main issues.
Davis H. Waite, an Aspen newspaperman and agitator, was elected governor of Colorado on the Democratic ticket, but in time the movement failed. After wage cuts, mining revived somewhat, but production declined and by the 1930 census only 705 residents remained. Remaining, were stocks of old commercial buildings and residences, along with excellent snow. Aspen's development as a ski resort began in the 1930s when investors conceived of a ski area, but the project was interrupted by World War II. Friedl Pfeifer, a member of the 10th Mountain Division who had trained in the area, returned to the area and linked up with industrialist Walter Paepcke and his wife Elizabeth; the Aspen Skiing Corporation was founded in 1946 and the city became a well-known resort, hosting the FIS World Championships in 1950. Paepcke played an important role in bringing the Goethe Bicentennial Convocation to Aspen in 1949, an event held in a newly designed tent by the architect Eero Saarinen. Aspen was on the path to becoming an internationally known ski resort and cultural center, home of the Aspen Music Festival and School.
The area would continue to grow with the development of three additional ski areas, Aspen Highlands, Snowmass. In 1977, Aspen was photographed for the Aspen Movie Map project funded by the U. S. Department of Defense; the Movie Map is one of the earliest examples of virtual reality software. In 1999, the city council passed a resolution to petition the US Congress and President Clinton to restrict US immigration. Aspen residents cited concerns about the environmental impacts of increased immigration on their community, including urban and suburban sprawl, pollution from the older automobiles driven by immigrants, litter accumulating in the mountains attributable to the increasing population; the impetus for the resolution was the increasing number of trailer parks that housed the migrant workers employed locally in the service sector and ski industry. The parks were perceived to be degrading to the town's image, property values, environment; the move was led by Terry Paulson, an Aspen City Council member, supported and guided by national groups such as the Carrying Capacity Network, the Center for Immigration Studies.
The resolution was discussed on the American Patrol Report website, contributing to a controversy over whether or not the resolution was racially motivated. Councilman Terry Paulson and some Aspen citizens insisted that it was motivated by environmental concerns. Aspen is notable as the smallest radio market tracked
Geoffrey Lewis (actor)
Geoffrey Bond Lewis was an American character actor. Lewis was known for his film roles alongside Clint Eastwood, he played villains. He played a bodyguard in Double Impact. Lewis was born July 31, 1935, in Plainfield, New Jersey, but spent much of his youth in Wrightwood, California, he took acting classes at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City and performed off-Broadway and at regional theaters in Massachusetts. He tried breaking into Hollywood in the 1960s. Lewis appeared in TV series such as Bonanza, Mission: Impossible, Mork & Mindy, Lou Grant, Mama's Family, Magnum, P. I; the A-Team, She Wrote, The X-Files, Highway to Heaven and Law & Order: Criminal Intent. In 1979, he appeared in Salem's Lot, he played opposite Polly Holliday in the Alice spin-off Flo for which he received a Golden Globe nomination. His film credits include such movies as Down in the Valley, The Butcher and When Every Day Was the Fourth of July. In the'95-'96, 22-episode run of series Land's End, he co-starred with Fred Dryer.
Lewis worked with actor-director Clint Eastwood in several films including Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, Pink Cadillac, Any Which Way You Can, Bronco Billy, Every Which Way But Loose and Lightfoot, High Plains Drifter. In the 1980s, Lewis was a member of musical storytelling group Celestial Navigations with musician and songwriter Geoff Levin. Lewis had 10 children. On April 7, 2015, Lewis died of a heart attack at age 79 in his Woodland Hills residence. Geoffrey Lewis on IMDb Geoffrey Lewis at AllMovie Geoffrey Lewis.
The Call of the Wild
The Call of the Wild is a short adventure novel by Jack London published in 1903 and set in Yukon, during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush, when strong sled dogs were in high demand. The central character of the novel is a dog named Buck; the story opens at a ranch in Santa Clara Valley, when Buck is stolen from his home and sold into service as a sled dog in Alaska. He becomes progressively feral in the harsh environment, where he is forced to fight to survive and dominate other dogs. By the end, he sheds the veneer of civilization, relies on primordial instinct and learned experience to emerge as a leader in the wild. London spent a year in the Yukon, his observations form much of the material for the book; the story was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post in the summer of 1903 and was published a month in book form. The book's great popularity and success made a reputation for London; as early as 1923, the story was adapted to film, it has since seen several more cinematic adaptations. The story opens with Buck, a large and powerful St. Bernard-Scotch Shepherd, living in California's Santa Clara Valley as the pampered pet of rich Judge Miller and his family.
However, he is stolen by the gardener's assistant and sold to finance his gambling addiction. He is shipped to Seattle. Put in a crate, he is ill-treated; when released, he attacks his overseer, known only as the "man in the red sweater" but this man teaches the "law of the club", hitting Buck until he is sufficiently cowed. Buck is sold to a pair of French-Canadian dispatchers from the Canadian government, François and Perrault, who take him with them to the Klondike region of Canada. There, they train him as a sled dog. From his teammates, he learns to survive cold winter nights and the pack society. A rivalry develops between the vicious, quarrelsome lead dog, Spitz. Buck beats Spitz in a fight. Spitz is killed by the pack after his defeat by Buck, Buck becomes the leader of the team; when Francois and Perrault reach Dawson with their dispatches, are given new orders from the Canadian government, the team is sold to a "Scottish half-breed" man, working the mail service. The dogs must carry heavy loads to the mining areas, the journeys they make are tiresome and long.
One of the team, a morose husky named Dave, becomes sick and is shot. Buck's next owners are a trio of stampeders from the United States, who are inexperienced at surviving in the Northern wilderness, they struggle to control the sled and ignore helpful advice from others, in particular the warnings that the spring melt poses dangers. They overfeed the dogs and starve them when the food runs out; some dogs on the team die from either neglect or sickness. On their journey they meet John Thornton, an experienced outdoorsman, who notices the dogs have been poorly treated and are in a weakened condition, he warns the trio against crossing the river. Exhausted and sensing the danger ahead, Buck refuses and continues to lie unmoving in the snow. After Buck is beaten by Hal, Thornton recognizes him to be a remarkable dog. Disgusted by the driver's treatment of Buck, Thornton hits Hal with the butt of his axe, cuts Buck free from his traces, tells the trio he is keeping him, much to Hal's displeasure. After some argument, the trio leaves and tries to cross the river, but as Thornton warned, the ice breaks, the three fall into the river and drown, along with the sled and neglected dogs.
Buck comes to grow devoted to Thornton as he nurses him back to health. He saves Thornton. After Thornton takes him on trips to pan for gold, a bonanza king, named Matthewson, wagers Thornton on the dog's strength and devotion. Buck wins by breaking a half-ton sled free of the frozen ground, pulling it 100 yards and winning US$1,600 in gold dust. A king of the Skookum Benches offers a large sum to buy Buck, but Thornton has grown fond of him and declines. Using his winnings, John Thornton elects to continue searching for gold. While Thornton and his two friends Pete and Hans are panning in a campsite, Buck explores the wilderness and socializes with a timber wolf from a local pack. However, Buck decides not to join the wolves and elects to return to Thornton, mirroring John's refusal to sell Buck. However, Buck returns to the campsite to find Hans and Pete murdered sees John Thornton has suffered the same fate. Buck finds out. Buck kills the natives to avenge Thornton, he is attacked by an entire pack of wolves.
Buck wins the fight finds that the same timber wolf he had socialized with was in the pack he fought. Buck follows the wolf and its pack into the forest, answers the call of the wild; the legend of Buck is spread among other Indian tribes as the "Ghost Dog of the Northland". Buck comes out of the backwoods once a year on the anniversary of his attack on the Yeehats, at the former campsite where he was last with John Thornton and Pete, in order to mourn their deaths. California native Jack London had traveled around the United States as a hobo, returned to California to finish high school, spent a year in college at Berkeley, when in 1897 he went to the Klondike by way of Alaska during the height of the Klondike Gold Rush, he said of the experience: "It was in the Klondike I found myself."He left California in July and traveled by boat
Challenge to White Fang
The Return of White Fang is a 1974 sequel to White Fang. Both films were directed by Lucio Fulci as part of a trend of films inspired by Call of the Wild, a surprise hit in Italy. Two German productions in this trend were Hellhounds of Alaska and Cry of the Black Wolves, both directed by Harald Reinl. Set in the Northwest Territories, Canada, in 1899. Mitsha, is working with his wolf-dog and two fur traders when Beauty Smith and two henchmen appear and raid the traders camp shooting all of them, including Mitsha, escapes in a canoe with all their equipment. Several hours the wolf-dog is found by John Tarwater a grizzled old trader who buries the dead Mitsha, takes the hound back to a nearby town, his home; the wolf-dog befriends another young boy, John's orphaned, 10-year-old grandson Bill Tarwater. After looking for a name, Bill gives White Fang his name by yet again from the beasts ivory-white teeth. At a local saloon, White Fang helps John Tarwater win some money at a card game from a crooked card-shark, a fistfight breaks out between the swindler and his victims as John casually counts his money, while White Fang and Bill take cover behind the bar.
John embarks on one of his periodic expeditions to discover gold. Meanwhile, Beauty Smith is alive and well, again exploiting the people of the town where John and Bill live. Smith lives under the alias'Charles Forth', a local businessman, fakes a crippling injury by confining himself to a wheelchair with his two henchman always at his side. Sister Evangelina is now running a new mission hut in the town to convert into a hospital, she decides to ask'Mr. Forth' for funding to operate her hospital despite warnings from the townsmen that'Mr. Forth' is a businessman and won't give her any money unless she gives him assurances that she will repay the loan, with interest, within 60 days or less. Sister Evangelina goes to meet with him, she recognizes the villainous man immediately. Sister Evangelina contacts novelist Jason Scott who's on a book tour down south and agrees to come to her assistance. Scott meets with his old friend Kurt Johnson, now working as a local mines inspector to help out. Together, the three of them take their accusations to the town's police chief, Inspector Leclerq, on the payroll of Beauty Smith and he claims to have known the crippled'Mr.
Forth' for six years. Leclerq's wife Jane, is pressuring her husband to accommodate Smith's nefarious plans in return for more bribe money he gives them in exchange for protection since Smith is now a wanted fugitive. Jason Scott attempts to expose the illegal complicity between'Mr. Forth' and the Inspector with the help of a local worker named Liverpool, who agrees to write a statement in exchange for money, but Liverpool goes back on his word to help Scott by skipping down with the money, given to him. Shortly afterwards, Scott encounters Bill and John Tarwater when White Fang drags them back to town after their sled dogs had run away leaving them stranded on a snowy plain; the animal shows both affection for both Bill and Scott having remembered the latter from their previous adventure in Dawson City three years earlier. Elsewhere, Kurt meets Liverpool's younger and attractive sister and a romantic attraction develops between both of them; the following day, Liverpool shamefacedly returns to the town having found two men, one dead and the other ill from frostbite, who have been sold insufficient and overpriced supplies from Beauty Smith.
The survivor, named Carter, has gangrene in both legs and Scott has to help Sister Evangelina perform the amputation at the mission hut. When Beauty Smith and his two henchmen see and recognize White Fang, they frame the wolf-dog for savaging Liverpool to death. An enraged posse attempts to kill White Fang, forcing Bill to drive the beast out of town; the next day, when Bill looks for White Fang in the woods, he gets attacked by a vicious eagle, but White Fang jumps in and saves him by fighting off the eagle. Bill smuggles White Fang back into town and to Sister Evangelina's mission where the wolf-dog's injuries are tended. While visiting his grandson and his hound at the mission, John learns from Carter about the location of a gold-stream in the mountains that he found, but Harvey, a mission employee and a secret associate of Beauty Smith, sees them discussing the location and reports it to his boss. Jane fakes a sickness to lure Sister Evangelina away from the mission, leaving Carter alone in his sickbed.
Beauty Smith tortures Carter for the location of the gold stream. Smith kidnaps John Tarwater and has his two henchmen set fire to the mission hut. Carter is burned to death, while Bill, who walked in while Smith was torturing Carter, is trapped by the flames; when Sister Evangelina realizes that Jane is not sick, she races back to the burning mission and rushes in saving Bill, but gets caught on fire and dies from the severity of her burns. Hearing of her death, the townspeople start a riot after learning from Bill about the wanted Beauty Smith and of Inspector Leclerq's association with him; as the mob breaks through the Mounties into the police station, Leclerq shoots himself. Scott and Bill find Jane where she tells them where Beauty Smith is heading. Scott and Kurt, with White Fang in tow, organize a posse to give chase. Locating Smith and his henchmen, Scott leads the posse forward and a gun battle develops. Smith manages to shoot a few posse members, while his two henc
Alfredo "Alfred" Molina is an English actor and voice artist. He is known for his roles in Raiders of the Lost Ark, Prick Up Your Ears, Enchanted April, Species, Boogie Nights, Frida, Spider-Man 2, The Da Vinci Code, An Education, Love Is Strange. Molina rose to prominence in the West End, earning a Laurence Olivier Award for Best Newcomer in a Play nomination for his performance in the production of Oklahoma! in 1980. He made his Broadway debut as Yvan in a production of Art from 1998 to 1999, his other Broadway roles include Tevye in the musical Fiddler on the Roof from 2004 to 2005 and Mark Rothko in the play Red from 2009 to 2010. For his portrayal of Robert Aldrich in the FX anthology television series Feud, Molina was nominated for a Golden Globe Award and a Primetime Emmy Award. Molina was born in London, his father, Esteban Molina, was a Spanish immigrant from Madrid, who came to England in 1939, worked as a waiter and chauffeur. His mother, was an Italian house-keeper who immigrated after WWII, who cleaned rooms in a hotel and worked as a cook.
Molina grew up in a working class district in Notting Hill, inhabited by many other immigrant families. Molina decided to become an actor after seeing Spartacus at the age of nine, attended the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, he auditioned and was accepted as a member of National Youth Theatre. Molina appeared with Leonard Rossiter in the sitcom The Losers. Molina made his film debut with a minor role in Raiders of the Lost Ark as Indiana Jones' ill-fated guide, during its iconic opening sequence. However, his big break came with Letter to Brezhnev, which he followed with a starring role in Prick Up Your Ears, playing Joe Orton's lover Kenneth Halliwell, he was cast as Arnold Rimmer in the TV sitcom Red Dwarf, but was replaced by Chris Barrie. In the early 1990s, Molina was a ubiquitous presence on British television, with his highest profile role being the lead in the first two series of El C. I. D. Subsequent film roles included Species, Dudley Do-Right, Not Without My Daughter and Enchanted April.
With a midwestern American accent, Molina starred alongside Betty White in the US television series Ladies Man, which ran from 1999–2001. He has worked twice with Paul Thomas Anderson, first in Boogie Nights and in Magnolia. Molina gained wide recognition for his portrayal of Diego Rivera alongside Salma Hayek in the biopic Frida, a role for which he gained BAFTA and SAG award nominations, he played himself alongside Steve Coogan in Coffee and Cigarettes and gained further commercial recognition when he portrayed the villain Doctor Octopus in Spider-Man 2, which became one of the highest-grossing films of that year. For the latter, Molina was nominated for a Satellite award as Best Supporting Actor, he reprised his role in the video game adaptation. In 2006, Molina portrayed Touchstone in Kenneth Branagh's film version of Shakespeare's As You Like It and appeared in Ron Howard's adaptation of The Da Vinci Code. Molina provided the voice of the villain Ares in the 2009 animated film Wonder Woman.
Molina's stage work has included two major Royal National Theatre productions, Tennessee Williams' The Night of the Iguana and David Mamet's Speed-the-Plow. In his Broadway debut, Molina performed in Yasmina Reza's Tony Award-winning play'Art', for which he received a Tony nomination in 1998. In 2004, Molina returned to the stage, starring as Tevye in the Broadway production of Fiddler on the Roof. For his performance he once again received a Tony Award nomination, this time for Best Actor in a Musical. Molina received his third Tony Award nomination for Red in 2010, for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play. In 2007, Molina narrated; this serialized novel was written by a team of 15 best-selling thriller writers, including Jeffery Deaver, Lee Child, Joseph Finder and Lisa Scottoline. The novel won the 2008 Audiobook Of The Year Award form Audio Publishers Association. On 1 April 2010, he opened at Broadway's John Golden Theatre in the role of artist Mark Rothko in John Logan's drama Red opposite Eddie Redmayne for a limited engagement through 27 June.
He had played the role to much critical success at the Donmar Warehouse in London in December 2009 and revisited that role at the Wyndham's Theatre in the West End in 2018. In 2010 he starred opposite Dawn French in the six-part BBC sitcom Roger & Val Have Just Got In, with a second series in 2012, he is one of only two actors to have three Lego Minifigures modelled after him, with them being Doctor Octopus from Spider-Man 2, Satipo from Raiders of the Lost Ark and Sheik Amar from Prince of Persia. In July 2010, it was announced that Molina had joined the cast of Law & Order: LA as Deputy District Attorney Morales, he guest-starred in a two-part crossover in 2005 in two other Law & Order franchise shows, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Law & Order: Trial by Jury. Molina is a patron of the performing arts group Theatretrain. Molina is a longtime member of the Los Angeles theatre company The New American Theatre known as Circus Theatricals, where he teaches Shakespeare and Scene Study along with the company's artistic director Jack Stehlin.
Molina stated in an interview in 2013 that he owes his stage and film career to the Indiana Jones series. "I'm very proud of that, I have to admit I didn't think at the time,'Oh, this is going to go down in movie history.' I'd never been in front of a camera before,"
John Cardon Debney is an American film composer and conductor. He received an Academy Award nomination for his score for Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ, he composed the score for Cutthroat Island, celebrated by music critics as a notable example of swashbuckling film music. The son of Disney Studios producer Louis Debney, John was born and raised in Glendale, nearby to Disney, he played in rock bands in college. Debney earned his B. A. degree in Music Composition from the California Institute of Arts in 1979. Two weeks after graduating from CalArts, he got a job at copying department at Disney. One day, Buddy Baker saw him and had him arrange music that would be used for different pavilions and rides at EPCOT Center. After three years at Disney, he freelanced for television composer Mike Post. Debney furthered his hands-on training by working with Hanna-Barbera composer Hoyt Curtin. After this, Debney went on to score television projects as diverse as Disneyland, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, SeaQuest DSV, A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, The Cape, The Lazarus Man, Piggsburg Pigs!, The Further Adventures of SuperTed, Doctor Who and Lacey, Tiny Toon Adventures, The Young Riders, The New Yogi Bear Show, Police Academy: The Animated Series, Captain Power and the Soldiers of the Future, Dragon's Lair, Freshman Dorm, Pop Quiz and Dink, the Little Dinosaur, for which he won an Emmy for Best Main Title.
In the early 1990s, Debney began to score indie films and Disneyland attractions. In 1991, Debney composed the music for Phantom Manor in Disneyland Paris and SpectroMagic at Magic Kingdom. In 1993, he scored his first studio feature. Debney has since gone on to have a career composing scores for many films including: The Passion of the Christ, Bruce Almighty, I Know What You Did Last Summer, Sin City, Chicken Little, Liar Liar, Spy Kids, The Scorpion King, The Princess Diaries and Predators. Debney has composed scores for the video games Lair and The Sims Medieval. In 2010, he composed the theme music for the Nickelodeon television series Supah Ninjas, he composed of Disney Parks's Nighttime Spectaculars, including: World Of Color Celebrate! in Disney's California Adventure, The Magic, The Memories And You! and Celebrate The Magic in Walt Disney World Magic Kingdom and Celebrate! Tokyo Disneyland in Tokyo Disneyland. John Debney on IMDb John Debney's official website John Debney Tribute at Filmtracks.com