Ros Hill known as Ros Castle due to the 3,000-year-old Iron Age hill fort on its summit, is a hill in the county of Northumberland in northern England. It is the highest point of a low range of hills stretching from Alnwick to Berwick-upon-Tweed — the Chillingham Hills. Other tops of the Chillingham Hills include Dod Law and Doddington Northmoor. However, Ros Hill is higher than these and towers over the surrounding landscape with enough relative height to make it a Marilyn. Ros Hill is situated just with its famous herd of cattle. Due to the wide enclosure of the cattle there are no paths on the western slopes, the eastern slopes are featureless moor, so the best ascent option is to park at the summit of the minor road that crosses Hepburn Moor just to the south of the summit, giving a walk just over half a mile long and taking about half an hour; the summit is marked by a trig point and nearby there is a rather unusual walk-in toposcope built into the wall with four separate plaques. The view is panoramic and extensive, on a clear day, a total of seven castles can be seen from the summit, including the one on Holy Island.
There is a view over the cattle park. Ros Hill preserves the Brittonic element rhos,'moor, promontory'. Ros Castle Pictures and historical notes for Ros Castle
Pillar (Lake District)
Pillar is a mountain in the western part of the English Lake District. Situated between the valleys of Ennerdale to the north and Wasdale to the south, it is the highest point of the Pillar group. At 892 metres it is the eighth-highest mountain in the Lake District; the fell takes its name from Pillar Rock, a prominent feature on the Ennerdale side, regarded as the birthplace of rock climbing in the district. The Western Fells occupy a triangular sector of the Lake District, bordered by the River Cocker to the north east and Wasdale to the south east. Westwards the hills diminish toward the coastal plain of Cumberland. At the central hub of the high country are Great Gable and its satellites, while two principal ridges fan out on either flank of Ennerdale, the western fells in effect being a great horseshoe around this long wild valley. Pillar is on the southern arm; the main watershed runs broadly westwards from Great Gable, dividing the headwaters of Ennerdale and Wasdale. The principal fells in this section are Kirk Fell, Scoat Fell and Caw Fell, followed by the lower Lank Rigg group.
Pillar stands three miles from the head of the valley. Two tiers of impressive crags run the full length of the fell from Wind Gap in the west to Black Sail Pass in the east; the top tier fronts a series of coves being interspersed between the buttresses. Below is a narrow terrace bearing the'High Level Route' path and a further wall including Pillar Rock and Ash Crags and Proud Knott; the lower slopes are planted with a broad belt of conifers, extending across the River Liza to the flanks of High Crag. The southern flank of Pillar looks down on Mosedale, the more westerly of Wasdale's two main feeder valleys. From Wasdale Head village Pillar appears to stand at the head of Mosedale, but the valley curves out of sight having its source on the slopes of Scoat Fell; the Mosedale slopes cannot compete with those above Ennerdale, although there is outcropping rock at Wistow Crags, Elliptical Crag and Murl Rigg. The summit of Pillar is at the western end above the descent to Wind Gap; this continues the watershed beyond.
A subsidiary spur branches off north-west of the summit, passing over White Pike before petering out in the Ennerdale Forest. The eastern ridge of Pillar stretches for about a mile descending before the final upthrust of Looking Stead; this subsidiary top is listed as a Nuttall in its own right. Beyond is a pedestrian route between Wasdale and the head of Ennerdale. Kirk Fell stands on the other side of the pass; the primary rock types in the summit area are the plagioclase-phyric andesite lavas of the Birker Fell Formation. Bands of volcaniclastic sandstone and andesite sills are present. Rhyolite and lapilli-tuff appear amongst the northern crags, with outcrops of the Craghouse Member on the north-west ridge. Pillar and Ennerdale Fells is a Site of Special Scientific Interest; the summit is wide and grassy, consisting patches of stones interspersed with short turf. An Ordnance Survey triangulation column stands beside a windshelter. At the northern edge of the plateau a further windshelter marks the descent to the mountain rescue stretcher-box and the High Level Route.
The view is excellent with all of the major fells except the Coniston range in sight. Loweswater and Ennerdale Water can be seen, together with Burnmoor Tarn. From the north windshelter there is a striking view of the summit of Pillar Rock. Pillar is climbed from Wasdale Head, by far the nearest road access; the simplest route involves taking the Black Sail Pass, the main foot pass between Wasdale and Ennerdale, to its highest point ascending the mountain's gentle east ridge. Greater interest may be obtained by branching off the ridge onto the "High Level Route", a narrow path which traverses around Pillar's northern crags before approaching the summit from the north, affording good views of Pillar Rock. Many walkers based in Wasdale climb Pillar as part of the Mosedale Horseshoe, a circuit of the skyline one of Wasdale's side valleys, which includes Scoat Fell, Red Pike and Yewbarrow. Pillar may be climbed from Ennerdale. From the YHA youth hostel at Black Sail at the head of the valley, it is a short walk to the summit of Black Sail Pass, from where the same routes can be followed as described above.
As Black Sail hostel is five or six miles from the nearest public road, this approach is somewhat impractical to day-trippers, though attractive to those staying at the hostel. Alternatively, there are various paths up the mountain from lower down the valley which offer the possibility of closer acquaintance with the crags of the north face. For strong walkers, other more accessible approaches are feasible which have the advantage of being more accessible than Wasdale from major tourist centres such as Keswick. Firstly, from the Buttermere valley, climb descend the Scarth Gap Pass between Gatesgarth and Black Sail, which allows an ascent via Black Sail Pass as detailed above; the walk from Gatesgarth to the summit of Pillar and back involves over 1,200 metres of ascent, more if the High Level Route is taken.. Secondly, for a ten mile round trip from the Honister Pass, contour round the head of Ennerdale by following the Moses Trod footpath to Beck Head col between Great Gable and Kirk Fell taking the path under Kirk Fell to the head of Black Sail Pass, before proceeding, by either of the
The Cheviot is the highest summit in the Cheviot Hills in the far north of England, only 1¼ miles from the Scottish border. It is the last major peak on the Pennine Way, if travelling from south to north, before the descent into Kirk Yetholm. Other than the route via the Pennine Way, most routes up The Cheviot start from the Harthope Burn side to the northeast, which provides the nearest access by road; the summit is around 3 miles from the road-end at Langleeford. There are routes following the ridges above either side of the valley, a route that sticks to the valley floor until it climbs to the summit of The Cheviot from the head of the valley. Although the Pennine Way itself does a two-mile out-and-back detour to the Cheviot, many walkers who come this way omit it, since the stage is 29 miles long; the summit of the Cheviot is flat. It is an extinct volcano, it is covered with an extensive peat bog up to 6 feet deep. North of the summit, in the peat bogs, are the remains of a crashed B-17 bomber, which hit the mountain due to a navigational error in World War II.
The more recognisable pieces of wreckage have been removed, but pieces of the aircraft can still be found. Though the exact etymology behind The Cheviot is unknown, it is understood to be Celtic, it can be most plausibly explained as a formation of the Brittonic *ceμ-,'a ridge', the nominal suffix -ed. The view is obscured by the flatness of the summit plateau. On a clear day the following are visible. Computer generated summit panorama The Cheviot
Illgill Head is a fell in the English Lake District. It is known more as the northern portion of the Wastwater Screes; the fell is 609 metres high and stands along the south-east shore of Wastwater, the deepest lake in England. The panorama of the Wastwater Screes across Wastwater is one of the most famous and awe-inspiring views in England. Poet Norman Nicholson described the Screes as ‘like the inverted arches of a Gothic Cathedral’; the title Wastwater Screes applies to the scree-covered north-western fellside which plunges down into Wastwater. This includes Illgill Head's neighbour Whin Rigg, the continuation of the ridge to the south-west; the scree slope continues beneath the lake to a depth of 79 metres. The screes were formed as a result of ice and weathering erosion on the rocks. Geologically, Illgill Head and Whin Rigg are part of the Borrowdale Volcanic Group, typical for the southern-western area of the Lake District. In marked contrast to the north-western slope, the opposite flank of the fell, which descends to Burnmoor Tarn and Miterdale, is much gentler and covered in heather and bracken.
The summit area has outcropping tuff, lapilli-tuff and breccia of the Lingmell Formation amid the drift deposits. The crags atop the Screes reveal the plagioclase-phyric andesite lavas of the Birker Fell Formation; the summit is a flat sheepwalk. North-west from the cairn the grassy plateau tilts, until a few yards away it disappears over the brink. Illgill Head is a fine viewpoint for Wasdale Head, the surrounding fells all appearing as they soar up from the dalehead. Nearer views, with care, are possible down the Screes themselves. Panorama Illgill Head is ascended from Wasdale Head over the north-eastern shoulder of the fell, skirting the edge of the Screes. There is an ascent from Boot in Eskdale either over Whin Rigg or direct via Burnmoor Tarn. A lakeside path along the south-eastern shore of Wastwater starts at Wasdale Head Hall and continues through the boulder field with exhilarating close-up views of the Screes. A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, The Southern Fells, Alfred Wainwright, ISBN 0-7112-2230-4
Seatallan is a mountain in the western part of the English Lake District. It is rounded and unassuming, occupying a large amount of land. However, it is classed as a Marilyn because of the low elevation of the col connecting it to Haycock, its nearest higher neighbour to the north; the name Seatallan is believed to have a Cumbric origin, meaning "Aleyn's high pasture". The Western Fells occupy a triangular sector of the Lake District, bordered by the River Cocker to the north east and Wasdale to the south east. Westwards the hills diminish toward the coastal plain of Cumberland. At the central hub of the high country are Great Gable and its satellites, while two principal ridges fan out on either flank of Ennerdale, the western fells in effect being a great horseshoe around this long wild valley. Seatallan is an outlier of the southern arm; the main watershed runs broadly westwards from Great Gable, dividing the headwaters of Ennerdale and Wasdale. Travelling in this direction the principal hills are Kirk Fell, Scoat Fell and Caw Fell.
Haycock sends out a long southern ridge terminating in Seatallan. Seatallan begins at the Pots of a broad grassy depression to the south of Haycock. From here a stiff ascent up what may have been a landslip leads directly to the summit; the top of the fell cut off at an angle and sloping away to the south. This cone in turn stands upon a much broader upland plateau which stretches away five miles to the south west; the River Bleng forms the entire western boundary, beginning on the slopes of Haycock and flowing out in a huge loop to the south west. It joins the Irt and continues on to the sea at Ravenglass; the extremity of the Bleng's circuit, near to Gosforth, is given over to lowland cultivation and although belonging topographically to Seatallan could hardly be termed fellside. Higher up the south western shoulder are conifer plantations, both along the Bleng and above the Irt. Open fellside begins two miles south west of the summit. To the east of Pots of Ashness is the valley of Nether Beck, flowing to Wastwater, with Red Pike beyond.
Nether Beck swings away from Seatallan on its southward journey, diverted by the rocky height of Middle Fell. This is a broad ridge falling from the east of the summit cone. Middle Fell curves around to run parallel to Seatallan with the valley of Greendale Gill dividing the two; the stream begins at Greendale Tarn, nestled into the steep face of Middle Fell. The tarn, around 30 ft deep, sits in a long narrow bowl, looked down on by a collection of huge boulders. Seatallan's most prominent feature is Buckbarrow, the 400 ft rampart of crags on the southern edge overlooking lower Greendale and Wast Water. Buckbarrow is given a separate chapter in A. Wainwright's The Western Fells, is thus classed as a Wainwright, despite having no topographic prominence of its own; that convention is followed here. Above Buckbarrow are the minor tops of Glade How and Cat Bield, leading onto the great south west shoulder. Seatallan has other areas of much less impressive crag above Nether Beck. Much of the fell is covered in deep drift deposits, but the underlying rock is the plagioclase-phyric dacite lava referred to as Seatallan Dacite.
Above the Bleng are large areas of diorite, while around Buckbarrow there are outcrops of the andesite Birker Fell Formation. Minor intrusions of rhyolite and basalt have been located to the north. A large tumulus marks the summit, alongside an Ordnance Survey triangulation column; the top is grassed and it is assumed that the tumulus was built from stones on the north slope. The view is obstructed by the main range of the western fells, the highpoints being the Scafells and Coniston Fells. Wastwater can be brought into view by walking north east. Indirect ascents via Buckbarrow begin from Harrow Head. An alternative bypasses the subsidiary summit to gain Cat Bields from the south west. From Greendale the gill can be followed to the tarn, before branching off up the grassy slopes of Seatallan. If preferred Middle Fell can be used as a stepping stone onto Seatallan from the same point. From Nether Beck Bridge the route to Haycock can be used, turning west via Lad Crag Beck to the summit
Housedon Hill is a hill on the northwestern edge of the Cheviot Hills in Northumberland, England. It is the northernmost Marilyn in England, the summit lying only about 4 miles from the Scottish border, which runs to the north and west; the hill lies just outside the boundary of the Northumberland National Park. Until there was no legal right of access to the hill; this has now changed, as the western side of the hill up to the summit is designated ‘access land’ under the terms of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. The simplest route of ascent starts from Housedonhaugh on the southwest flank of the hill, utilising the new access rights; the northwestern side of the Housedon Hill is cloaked in forestry plantations
Long Crag is a hill to the north of Rothbury in Northumberland, England. It lies within a Forestry Commission-owned area of forestry plantations. Thrunton Woods have many marked trails provided by the Forestry Commission, there are many routes to the summit