Lindevangsparken is a public park in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen Denmark. It is in the so-called Lindevang neighbourhood between]] Peter Bangs Vej to the south and Finsensvej to the north.. Established in 1932, it is the oldest municipal park in Frederiksberg and with its area of 33,000 square metres is the largest; the much larger and older Frederiksberg Park and Søndermarken are both state-owned. The park was protected by the Danish Conservation Authority in 1960. Between 2014 and 2015 the park went through a Realdania-sponsored refurbishment which involves protection of the surrounding neighbourhood against flooding in connection with heavy rain; the new park was inaugurated on 18 November 2016. The playground was refurbished in 2009. In 2013 it was expanded with an electronically controlled water playground
Copenhagen Zoo is a zoological garden in Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1859, it is one of the oldest zoos in Europe and is a member of EAZA, it comprises 11 hectares and is located in the municipality of Frederiksberg, sandwiched between the parks of Frederiksberg Gardens and Søndermarken. With 1,161,388 visitors in 2008 it is the most visited zoo and 4th most visited attraction in Denmark; the zoo is noted for its new Elephant House designed by the world-famous British architect Sir Norman Foster. The zoo promotes a number of European breeding programmes. Copenhagen Zoo was founded by the ornithologist Niels Kjærbølling in 1859, he was given the summer garden of "Prinsess Vilhelmines Have" by the chief directorate of Copenhagen. The animals that the visitors could contemplate at the opening were eagles, ducks, rabbits, a fox, a seal in a bathtub and a turtle in a bucket. In the early years the zoo focused on showing as many different types of animals as possible, but as animal welfare became an issue, the number of different species has dropped in favour of more space to each animal.
In 1901 the zoo had a human display with 25 Indians- men and children- in an exhibition where the "brown exotic" people went about their daily lives in palm tree leaf huts constructed in the middle of the zoo. One of the most notable animals kept there was a male slow worm that lived there from 1892 to 1946. Starting in the early 1980s, Copenhagen Zoo has been undergoing a renovations aimed at replacing cages with enclosures which recreate animals' natural environments, giving a better lifestyle to the animals, a more realistic experience to visitors; the Elephant House and 1.5-hectare Savanna are results of these efforts. The Savanna includes a Hippopotamus House; the zoo has preserved many of its historical buildings. The oldest building still in use, a stable for yaks, was erected in 1872, now houses the bactrian camels. A Herbivore House built in 1875 still houses herbivores, namely tapirs. An owl tower from 1885 is today left as a memorial commemorating. A notable and visible feature of the zoo is the wooden observation tower.
43.5 metres high, it offers views of city. The tower is one of the tallest observation towers built of wood in the world, its base is similar to that of Eiffel Tower. Animals exhibited at the zoo that are not housed in any of the main areas include bactrian camels, American flamingos, scarlet ibises, roseate spoonbills, Dalmatian pelicans, turkey vultures, Humboldt penguins, California sea lions, black-capped squirrel monkeys and lions. In the part of the zoo called "The Nordics", visitors can see species such as harbour seals, snowy owls, musk oxen, brown bears, arctic foxes and grey wolves; the "Arctic Ring", which opened in 2013, has an exhibit for polar bears and an aviary for North Atlantic seabirds. In the "Asia" section, visitors can see Oriental small-clawed otters, red pandas, Malayan tapirs, Amur leopards and tigers, Asian elephants, other animals; the new Elephant House, which opened in June 2008, is designed by Norman Foster in cooperation with the Danish landscape architect Stig L. Andersson.
It houses Asian elephants, contains two glass-domed enclosures. One measures 45 by 23 metres; the other is 30 by 15 metres and is for bulls, kept in separate pens during the mating season for fear of fights. The building contain an exhibit space and a small lecture hall; the enclosures open out through mighty rusted steel doors into am 1 hectare big landscaped paddock with a pool 3 metres deep and 60 metres long. The paddock's border with Frederiksberg Gardens, once a 3-metre high wall, has been opened up so that people in the park can now watch the elephants; this has been done because the zoo, with its central location is much a city zoo, wants to integrate with the urban landscape. At the same time it affords the elephants distant views of open parkland and ancient trees, which prevents them feeling too enclosured. Most of the "Africa" section is taken up by the "Savanna" area; this is an open field with a visitor bridge above containing species such as white rhinoceroses, impalas, sable antelopes and plains zebras.
The hippopotamuses, which have their own separate enclosure has partial access to the Savanna. Other species in the Africa section are okapis, Abyssinian ground hornbills, Congo peafowl and meerkats; the "Tasmania" section is unique to Copenhagen Zoo. The section was started after the wedding of Frederik, the Crown Prince of Denmark and the Tasmanian native Mary Donaldson in 2004, where the Tasmanian government gifted four Tasmanian Devils to the zoo; these were the first Tasmanian devils to live outside of Australia. The area has since been expanded with a combined area for red-necked wallabies, Eastern Grey Kangaroos and common wombats. Parts of this area is accessible by visitors, allowing kangaroos and people to cross paths. In the "South America" section, visitors can see species such as capybaras, greater rheas, Patagonian maras, southern screamers and giant anteaters, they all have access to one common area, modeled after the South American pampas. The "Tropical Zoo" consists of a rainforest hall with one section for free-ranging birds, turtles and t
Keddelhallen is a cultural and sports venue in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The buildings were part of Frederiksberg Incineration Plant but were adapted for their current use in 2001; the building complex contains two venues. The larger one is located in the smaller one in the boilerhouse. Keddelhallen is owned by Frederiksberg Municipality and together with a number of other similar venues operated by Frederiksberg Idrætsunion; the complex contains two venues
Rococo, less roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is a ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding and pastel colors, sculpted molding, trompe l'oeil frescoes to create the illusions of surprise and drama. It first appeared in France and Italy in the 1730s and spread to Central Europe in the 1750s and 1760s, it is described as the final expression of the Baroque movement. The Rococo style began in France in the first part of the 18th century in the reign of Louis XV as a reaction against the more formal and geometric Style Louis XIV, it was known as the style rocaille style. It soon spread to other parts of Europe northern Italy, Austria, other parts of Germany, Russia, it came to influence the other arts sculpture, furniture and glassware, painting and theatre. The word rococo was first used as a humorous variation of the word rocaille. Rocaille was a method of decoration, using pebbles and cement, used to decorate grottoes and fountains since the Renaissance.
In the late 17th and early 18th century rocaille became the term for a kind of decorative motif or ornament that appeared in the late Style Louis XIV, in the form of a seashell interlaced with acanthus leaves. In 1736 the designer and jeweler Jean Mondon published the Premier Livre de forme rocquaille et cartel, a collection of designs for ornaments of furniture and interior decoration, it was the first appearance in print of the term "rocaille" to designate the style. The carved or molded seashell motif was combined with palm leaves or twisting vines to decorate doorways, wall panels and other architectural elements; the term rococo was first used in print in 1825 to describe decoration, "out of style and old-fashioned." It was used in 1828 for decoration "which belonged to the style of the 18th century, overloaded with twisting ornaments." In 1829 the author Stendhal described rococo as "the rocaille style of the 18th century."In the 19th century, the term was used to describe architecture or music, excessively ornamental.
Since the mid-19th century, the term has been accepted by art historians. While there is still some debate about the historical significance of the style, Rococo is now considered as a distinct period in the development of European art. Rococo features exuberant decoration, with an abundance of curves, counter-curves and elements modeled on nature; the exteriors of Rococo buildings are simple, while the interiors are dominated by their ornament. The style was theatrical, designed to impress and awe at first sight. Floor plans of churches were complex, featuring interlocking ovals; the style integrated painting, molded stucco, wood carving, quadratura, or illusionist ceiling paintings, which were designed to give the impression that those entering the room were looking up at the sky, where cherubs and other figures were gazing down at them. Materials used painted or left white; the intent was to create an impression of surprise and wonder on first view. Rococo was influenced by chinoiserie and was sometimes in association with Chinese figures and pagodas.
The Rocaille style, or French Rococo, appeared in Paris during the reign of Louis XV, flourished between about 1723 and 1759. The style was used in salons, a new style of room designed to impress and entertain guests; the most prominent example was the salon of the Princess in Hôtel de Soubise in Paris, designed by Germain Boffrand and Charles-Joseph Natoire. The characteristics of French Rococo included exceptional artistry in the complex frames made for mirrors and paintings, which sculpted in plaster and gilded; the furniture featured sinuous curves and vegetal designs. The leading furniture designers and craftsmen in the style included Juste-Aurele Meissonier, Charles Cressent, Nicolas Pineau; the Rocaille style lasted in France until the mid-18th century, while it became more curving and vegetal, it never achieved the extravagant exuberance of the Rococo in Bavaria and Italy. The discoveries of Roman antiquities beginning in 1738 at Herculanum and at Pompeii in 1748 turned French architecture in the direction of the more symmetrical and less flamboyant neo-classicism.
Artists in Italy Venice produced an exuberant rococo style. Venetian commodes imitated the curving lines and carved ornament of the French rocaille, but with a particular Venetian variation. Notable decorative painters included Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, who painted ceilings and murals of both churches and palazzos, Giovanni Battista Crosato who painted the ballroom ceiling of the Ca Rezzonico in the quadraturo manner, giving the illusion of three dimensions. Tiepelo travelled to Germany with his son during 1752–1754, decorating the ceilings of the Würzburg Residence, one of the major landmarks of the Bavarian rococo. An earlier celebrated Venetian painter was Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, who painted several notable church ceilings; the Venetian Rococo featured exceptional glassware Murano glass, ofte
Bülowsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Gammel Kongevej in the south to Åboulevard in the north, linking Madvigs Allé with Brohusgade; the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus dominates the west side of the street with its large main building from 1895. The east side of the street is home to one of Denmark's oldest neighbourhoods of single family detached homes; the street takes its name after Frederik Christoffer Bülow, inspector at Ladegården. When the so-called Demarcation Line was moved from Jagtvej to The Lakes in 1852, he acquired large areas of land, both between the Ladegård Canal and Gammel Kongevej in Frederiksberg and at Blågård in Nørrebro, he sold off the land in Frederiksberg in lots with a registered contractual term, effective until 1925, ensuring that it could only be used for low, private villas. Bülow proposed that H. C. Ørstedsvej was extended all the way to Gammel Kongevej but this was rejected. He established Bülowsvej on his own land, naming it after himself.
Frederiksberg became an independent municipality in 1968. In 1858, the new Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University's main building was inaugurated on the west side of the street as a replacement for the old Royal Veterinarian School on Sankt Annæ Gade in Christianshavn; the railway to Roskilde crossed the street from its opening in 1864. In 1902, Paul Bergsøe opened a metalware factory at a site next to the railway on the east side of the street, it was demolished in 1945. The railway crossing disappeared. Bülowvej's most prominent landmark is the main building of University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus, it owes its current appearance to an extension designed by Johannes Emil Gnudtzmann in 1895. To the north of the old main building, on the other side of Thorvaldsensvej, is Copenhagen Plant Science Center under construction, it will consist of four cylindrical buildings designed by Tranberg. DTU Vet, National Veterinary Institute, part of the Technical University of Denmark, conducts research in infectious animal diseases.
It is the result of a merger of the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College's Serumlaboratorium and Statens Veterinære Institut for Virusforskning in 2002 under the name Danmarks Veterinærinstitut. It has been part of DTU since 1 January 2007; the Neo-Baroque apartment building on the corner of Bülowsvej with Rosenørns Allé is from 1905 and was designed by Axel Preisler and Povl Baumann. The area on the east side of the street is Denmark's oldest neighbourhood of single family detached housing, it comprises streets such as Uraniavej, Lindevej and Amalievej
A mansard or mansard roof is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper. The steep roof with windows creates an additional floor of habitable space, reduces the overall height of the roof for a given number of habitable stories; the upper slope of the roof may not be visible from street level when viewed from close proximity to the building. The earliest known example of a mansard roof is credited to Pierre Lescot on part of the Louvre built around 1550; this roof design was popularized in the early 17th century by François Mansart, an accomplished architect of the French Baroque period. It became fashionable during the Second French Empire of Napoléon III. Mansard in Europe means the attic space itself, not just the roof shape and is used in Europe to mean a gambrel roof. Two distinct traits of the mansard roof – steep sides and a double pitch – sometimes lead to it being confused with other roof types.
Since the upper slope of a mansard roof is visible from the ground, a conventional single-plane roof with steep sides may be misidentified as a mansard roof. The gambrel roof style seen in barns in North America, is a close cousin of the mansard. Both mansard and gambrel roofs fall under the general classification of "curb roofs". However, the mansard is a curb hip roof, with slopes on all sides of the building, the gambrel is a curb gable roof, with slopes on only two sides. French roof is used as a synonym for a mansard but is defined as an American variation of a mansard with the lower pitches nearly vertical and larger in proportion to the upper pitches. A significant difference between the two, for snow loading and water drainage, is that, when seen from above, Gambrel roofs culminate in a long, sharp point at the main roof beam, whereas mansard roofs always form a low-pitched roof. In France and Germany, no distinction is made between gambrels and mansards – they are both called "mansards".
In the French language, mansarde can be a term for the style of roof, or for the garret living space, or attic, directly within it. The mansard style makes maximum use of the interior space of the attic and offers a simple way to add one or more storeys to an existing building without requiring any masonry; the decorative potential of the Mansard is exploited through the use of convex or concave curvature and with elaborate dormer window surrounds. One seen explanation for the popularity of the mansard style is that it served to shelter its owners against taxes as well as rain. One such example of this claim, from the 1914 book, How to Make a Country Place, reads, "Monsieur Mansard is said to have circumvented that senseless window tax of France by adapting the windowed roof that bears his name." This is improbable in many respects: Mansart was a profligate spender of his clients' money, while a French window tax did exist, it was enacted in 1798, 132 years after Mansart's death, did not exempt mansard windows.
Examples suggest that either French or American buildings were taxed by their height to the base of the roof, or that mansards were used to bypass zoning restrictions. This last explanation is the nearest to the truth: a Parisian law had been in place since 1783, restricting the heights of buildings to 20 metres; the height was only measured up to the cornice line, making any living space contained in a mansard roof exempt. A 1902 revision of the law permitted building three or four stories within such a roof; the style was popularized in France by architect François Mansart. Although he was not the inventor of the style, his extensive and prominent use of it in his designs gave rise to the term "mansard roof", an adulteration of his name; the design tradition was continued by numerous architects, including Jules Hardouin-Mansart, his great nephew, responsible for Château de Dampierre in Dampierre-en-Yvelines. The mansard roof became popular once again during Haussmann's renovation of Paris beginning in the 1850s, in an architectural movement known as "Second Empire style".
Second Empire influence spread throughout the world adopted for large civic structures such as government administration buildings and city halls, as well as hotels and railway stations. In the United States and Canada, in New England, the Second Empire influence spread to family residences and mansions corrupted with Italianate and Gothic Revival elements. A mansard-topped tower became a popular element incorporated into many designs, such as Main Building, New York, which shows a large mansard-roofed structure with two towers; the 1916 Zoning Resolution adopted by New York City promoted the use of mansard roofs. In the late-1960s and 1970s, commercial builders became interested in postmodern stylistic elements and adapted the mansard for new residential housing and apartment buildings in many areas of the United States; the outward appearance of a mansard roof has been adapted as a façade on numerous small commercial buildings. These are not true mansard roofs in most cases. One of the most famous and commonplace uses of the mansard roof de
Storm P. Museum
The Storm P. Museum in Copenhagen, Denmark, is a biographical museum dedicated to the life and oeuvre of Danish humorist Robert Storm Petersen, popularly known as Storm P. In addition to his cartoons, the museum displays his paintings, both oils and watercolours, covers other aspects of his life and many-sided talent, as well as his extensive collection of smoking pipes and his studio, reconstructed on the first floor; the ground floor is used for special exhibitions. In connection with a renovation in 2012, the museum has broadened its profile to include humor and cartoons more generally; the museum is based in a former police station, part of the listed complex of buildings surrounding Frederiksberg Runddel opposite the main entrance to Frederiksberg Gardens in Frederiksberg. The building was constructed in the mid-1880s as Frederiksberg's first police station, it stood in blank, brownish-wellow brick and featured a prominent gable at the corner. The local police force left the building in 1919 when a new police station was inaugurated at Howitzvej, just north of Frederiksberg Gardens, as part of a complex which included Frederiksberg Courthouse and a new fire station.
In the mid-1920s, the building became home to Frederiksberg Funeral Services. The gable was removed and the walls dressed in the current yellow colour to match the other buildings at the entrance to Frederiksberg Gardens; the Storm P Museum took over the building in 1977 but it is still owned by the state. It was refurbished in the winter of 2011/12; the Storm P. exhibition is now located in the first floor and comprises his studio, reconstructed in one of the rooms. The museum's collection of his cartoons and other drawings comprises more than 30,000 of his works, although only a minor and changing selection is on display; the collection was digitized in connection with the 2012 renovation and it is now possible to explore it on iPads made available by the museum. Storm P.'s interest in painting began during a visit to Paris in 1906 where he was struck by the Modernist and in particular Expressionist art that he saw as well as by the art cabarets and the Bohemian life style. Many of his paintings from this period depict Parisian nightlife.
Edvard Munch, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec and James Ensor were among his inspirations as a painter. Storm P.'s collection of smoking pipes consists of 450 pieces. Beginning with his own, he began to request pipes from his closest friends, these personal memorabilia were supplemented with different smoking utensils of prominent cultural figures, his collection diversified into comprising clay pipes, long pipes and intricately carved Meerschaum pipes. The pipes are on display in the Baroque cabinets. A minor selection of the more notable pieces have been moved to showcases in connection with the expansion of the museum. Official website