White Jade River

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Yurungkash River
Collecting jade in the White Jade River near Khotan.jpg
Collecting jade in the White Jade River near Khotan in 2011
Native name 玉龙喀什河
Other name(s) White Jade River, Baiyu River
Physical characteristics
Main source Kunlun Mountains
35°36′N 81°24′E / 35.6°N 81.4°E / 35.6; 81.4
River mouth Hotan River
38°05′N 80°34′E / 38.08°N 80.56°E / 38.08; 80.56Coordinates: 38°05′N 80°34′E / 38.08°N 80.56°E / 38.08; 80.56
  • Average rate:
    72.3 cubic metres per second (2,550 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River system Tarim River
Basin size 14,575 km2 (5,627 sq mi)
White Jade River
Chinese name
Chinese 玉龙喀什河
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 白玉河
Uyghur name
يورۇڭقاش دەرياسى

The White Jade River, also known by the native names Baiyu or Yurungkash, is a river in the southern Xinjiang region of China.

The head waters of the river rise in the Kunlun Mountains, in the area of Aksai Chin in Kashmir in the Togatax area (35°36′N 81°24′E / 35.6°N 81.4°E / 35.6; 81.4). The river flows east for some 200 km and then north for another 200 km before passing Khotan (37°07′N 79°58′E / 37.11°N 79.97°E / 37.11; 79.97). North of Khotan, it eventually dries up in the Taklamakan desert, its seasonal bed joined by that of the Black Jade River (Karakash River) near Koxlax (some 200 km north of Khotan, 38°05′N 80°34′E / 38.08°N 80.56°E / 38.08; 80.56), from where it continues north as the Khotan River passing Piqanlik (40°03′N 80°53′E / 40.05°N 80.89°E / 40.05; 80.89), and seasonally crossing the desert, joining the Tarim River. The river drains an area of 14,575 km2 (5,627 sq mi) and has a discharge of 72.3 cubic metres per second (2,550 cu ft/s).

The river gets its name from the white jade that is often found in its alluvial deposits. The jade can also however be found in semi-shallow areas of the river.[citation needed].