Venom (Marvel Comics character)
Venom is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics in association with Spider-Man. The character is a sentient alien Symbiote with an amorphous, liquid-like form, who survives by bonding with a host human; this dual-life form receives enhanced powers and refers to itself as "Venom". The Symbiote was introduced as a living alien costume in The Amazing Spider-Man #252, with a full first appearance as Venom in The Amazing Spider-Man #300; the Venom Symbiote's first human host was Spider-Man, who discovered its true nefarious nature and separated himself from the creature in The Amazing Spider-Man #258 — with a brief rejoining five months in Web of Spider-Man #1. The Symbiote went on to merge with other hosts, most notably Eddie Brock, its second and most infamous host, with whom it first became Venom and one of Spider-Man's archenemies. Comics journalist and historian Mike Conroy writes of the character: "What started out as a replacement costume for Spider-Man turned into one of the Marvel web-slinger's greatest nightmares."
Venom was ranked as the 22nd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time in IGN's list of the top 100 comic villains. IGN ranked Mac Gargan's incarnation of Venom as #17 in their list of "The Top 50 Avengers", while the Flash Thompson incarnation was ranked as #27; the character was listed as #33 on Empire's 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters. The original idea of a new costume for Spider-Man that would become the character Venom was conceived by a Marvel Comics reader from Norridge, Illinois named Randy Schueller. In 1982, Jim Shooter, Marvel's editor-in-chief at the time, sent Schueller a letter acknowledging Marvel's interest in the idea, which they ended up purchasing from him for $220. Shooter came up with the idea of switching Spider-Man to a black-and-white costume influenced by the intended costume design for the new Spider-Woman. Writer/artist John Byrne says on his website that he conceived a costume of self-healing biological material when he was the artist on Iron Fist — to explain how that character's costume was being torn and apparently repaired by the next issue.
Byrne says explaining that he ended up not using the idea on that title, but that Roger Stern asked him if he could use the idea for Spider-Man's alien costume. Stern in turn plotted the issue in which the costume first appeared but left the title, it was writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz who established that the costume was a sentient alien being, vulnerable to high sonic energy during their run on The Amazing Spider-Man that preceded Michelinie's. The Symbiote was first introduced as Spider-man's new black costume in The Amazing Spider-Man #252 as part of a story called "Homecoming!" The story takes place after Spider-Man's return from the events of the miniseries Secret Wars, where he first obtains the black costume. The full first appearance of Venom is in The Amazing Spider-Man #300, after the Symbiote bonds with Eddie Brock; the story of how Spider-Man gets his new black costume is recounted in Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8, in which writer Jim Shooter and artist Mike Zeck depicted the heroes and villains of the Marvel Universe transported to another planet called Battleworld by a being called the Beyonder.
After Spider-Man's costume is ruined from battles with the villains, he is directed by Thor and the Hulk to a room at the heroes' base where they inform him a machine can read his thoughts and fabricate any type of clothing. Choosing a machine he believes to be the correct one, Spider-Man causes a black sphere to appear before him, which spreads over his body, dissolving the tattered old costume and covering his body to form a new black and white costume. To Spider-Man's surprise, the costume can mimic street clothes and provides a inexhaustible and stronger supply of webbing. During their run on The Amazing Spider-Man, writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz established that the costume was a sentient alien Symbiote, vulnerable to both fire and high sonic energy, it was in that storyline that the costume would envelop Peter Parker while he slept, go out at night to fight crime, leaving Parker inexplicably exhausted in the morning. Parker had the costume examined by Reed Richards, who discovered that it was alive, when Parker realized it was trying to permanently bond to Parker's body, he rejected it, it was subsequently contained by the Fantastic Four.
The Symbiote escaped and bonded again to Parker, who used sound waves from a cathedral's church bell to repel it. But the symbiote had grown an emotional attachment to Peter so he willingly left Peter's unconscious body and moved him to safety before disappearing. In Go Down Swinging, when Norman Osborn got bonded to the Carnage symbiote, Spider-Man rebonds to the symbiote in an attempt to stop Osborn, now calling himself Red Goblin, while forgiving both Eddie and Venom for the past conflicts, he with the symbiote got a new costume design and they were overpowering Osborn, until Norman mortally injured Flash Thompson. This caused Spider-Man and the symbiote to get angry they losing control, until Flash calmed them down in his dying breath. In the final battle Spider-Man tells to the symbiote to leave him and that he himself is going to be all right while Norman detaches himself from Carnage. David Michelinie would write the backstory of Eddie Brock as the alien's new host that would become the villain Venom, using the events of Peter David's 1985 "Sin Eater" storyline in The Spectacular Spider-Man as a basis for Brock's origin.
Venom's existence was first indicated in Web of Spider-Man #18, when he shov
Howard the Duck
Howard the Duck is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by artist Val Mayerik. Howard the Duck first appeared in Adventure into Fear #19 and several subsequent series have chronicled the misadventures of the ill-tempered, anthropomorphic "funny animal" trapped on a human-dominated Earth. Howard's adventures are social satires, while a few are parodies of genre fiction with a metafictional awareness of the medium; the book is existentialist, its main joke, according to Gerber, is that there is no joke: "that life's most serious moments and most dumb moments are distinguishable only by a momentary point of view." This is diametrically opposed to screenwriter Gloria Katz, who, in adapting the comic to the screen, declared, "It's a film about a duck from outer space... It's not supposed to be an existential experience". Howard the Duck was portrayed by Ed Gale and voiced by Chip Zien in the 1986 Howard the Duck film adaptation, was voiced by Seth Green in the films Guardians of the Galaxy and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, both set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Howard the Duck was created by writer Steve Gerber and penciler Val Mayerik in Adventure into Fear #19 as a secondary character in that comic's "Man-Thing" feature. He graduated to his own backup feature in Giant-Size Man-Thing #4–5, confronting such bizarre horror-parody characters as Garko the Man-Frog and Bessie the Hellcow, before acquiring his own comic book title with Howard the Duck #1 in 1976. Gerber wrote 27 issues of the series, illustrated by a variety of artists, beginning with Frank Brunner. For Gerber, Howard was a flesh and blood duck and that, "if Wile E. Coyote gets run over by a steamroller, the result is a pancake-flat coyote who can be expected to snap back to three dimensions within moments. Gene Colan became the regular penciller with issue #4. Gerber said to Colan: "There was a telepathic connection there. I would see something in my mind, and, what you would draw! I've never had that experience with another artist before or since."Sporting the slogan "Get Down, America!", the All-Night Party was a fictional political party that appeared in Gerber's Howard the Duck series during the U.
S. Presidential campaign of 1976, led to Howard the Duck receiving thousands of write-in votes in the actual election. Gerber addressed questions about the campaign in the letters column of the comic book and, as Mad Genius Associates, sold merchandise publicizing the campaign. Marvel attempted a spin-off with a short-lived Howard the Duck newspaper comic strip from 1977 to 1978, at first written by Gerber and drawn by Colan and Mayerik written by Marv Wolfman and drawn by Alan Kupperberg. Gerber gained a degree of creative autonomy when he became Howard the Duck's editor in addition to his writing duties. With issue #16, unable to meet the deadline for his regular script, Gerber substituted an entire issue of text pieces and illustrations satirizing his own difficulties as a writer. In 1978, the writer and publisher clashed over issues of creative control, Gerber was abruptly removed from the series. On August 29, 1980, after learning of Marvel's efforts to license Howard for use in film and broadcast media, Gerber filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Marvel corporate parent Cadence Industries and other parties, alleging that he was the sole owner of the character.
This was one of the first publicized creator's rights cases in American comics, attracted support from major industry figures, some of whom created homage/parody stories with Gerber to fund a lawsuit against Marvel. The lawsuit was settled on September 24, 1982, with Gerber acknowledging that his work on the character was done as work-for-hire and that Marvel parent Cadence Industries owned "all right and interest" to Howard the Duck and the Howard material he had produced. On November 5, 1982, Judge David Kenyon dismissed the case. Around this time The Walt Disney Company threatened to sue Marvel for infringement of copyright claiming that Howard looked too similar to Donald Duck and enforced a different design, including the use of pants; the series continued for four more issues with stories by Marv Wolfman, Mary Skrenes, Mark Evanier, Bill Mantlo. Gerber returned to write, though not plot, #29 as part of a contract fulfillment. Issue #31 announced on its letters page that it would be the final issue of Howard the Duck as a color comic.
Marvel relaunched the series that year as a bimonthly magazine, with scripts by Mantlo, art by Colan and Michael Golden and unrelated backup features by others. Articles in these issues claimed that Howard was Mayerik's idea, though this is contrary to statements by both Gerber and Mayerik. In issue # 6, Mantlo introduced the concept of "Duckworld", it depicted an all-duck parallel Earth in which there were duck equivalents of famous people, such as "Ducktor Strange" who appeared in The Sensational She-Hulk and Truman Capoultry, who narrated the issue. As Gerber told Mediascene: "Howard's world, which would never be depicted visually, was inhabited by other anthropomorphized animals like himself. Like the cartoon worlds of Disney and Warner Brothers. Unlike the Disney and Warners worlds, Howard's reality was beset with the same plethora of social ills and personal vicissitudes wh
Mike Esposito (comics)
Mike Esposito, who sometimes used the pseudonyms Mickey Demeo, Mickey Dee, Michael Dee, Joe Gaudioso, was an American comic book artist whose work for DC Comics, Marvel Comics and others spanned the 1950s to the 2000s. As a comic book inker teamed with his childhood friend Ross Andru, he drew for such major titles as The Amazing Spider-Man and Wonder Woman. An Andru-Esposito drawing of Wonder Woman appears on a 2006 U. S. stamp. Esposito was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2007. Mike Esposito was born in New York City, New York, with a musician father who in 1928 fronted the band Ralph Perry and His Orchestra, was a grocer. Esposito graduated from The High School of Music & Art in Harlem, where one of his classmates and friends was future comics artist Ross Andru, with whom he would collaborate on flip-book animation. One early artistic influence was Milt Caniff's Terry and the Pirates, while another was Lev Gleason Publications crime comics artist George Tuska, of whom he said, For some reason, I was attracted to that stuff more than the superheroes, as a kid... and I love the way he drew those characters.
They were like a caricature of the real gangsters.... I loved the faces of his -- the kind of garb they would wear, their clothing; as a young fella, 14 years old, I tried to draw like him.... I used to always want to emulate his look. Part of it had to do with the fact, it was simplistic, the backgrounds and so on. The character was the whole thing; the facial expressions.... Esposito dreamed of becoming an animator at Disney; this ended. Drafted into the U. S. Army on September 15, 1945, before finishing high school, he served at Camp Dix and Camp Crowder until it was discovered he could draw, he was discharged from the Army "in about'47." That year he and Andru both enrolled in Burne Hogarth's Cartoonists and Illustrators School renamed the School of Visual Arts. Esposito's first published work in the comic-book field was for Victor Fox's Fox Feature Syndicate, where he worked as penciler and sometimes letterer. Andru assisted Hogarth on the Tarzan newspaper comic strip from 1948 until, Esposito recalled, "the strip died in about 1950-51.
Ross came to me when I started publishing and we more or less teamed up." Another source says penciler Andru first teamed with inker Esposito in 1949 for the publisher Fiction House, but this is unconfirmed at the Grand Comics Database. The team's first confirmed collaboration was on the six-page "Wylie's Wild Horses" in Hillman Periodicals' Western Fighters vol. 2, #12, signaling the start of a four-decade collaboration. In 1949, Esposito was working on staff at Lev Gleason. "I was there for a while and I shopped around. Went to school first and went up to Timely Comics.... Stan Lee interiewed me and said,'Okay, you can start here as a penciler.' So my job was to pencil so many pages a week for my salary." His first confirmed work there is as penciler and inker of the war comics story "Heat of Battle" in Men's Adventures #6, though he had done much uncredited work in the interim, including his first professional inking. He recalled, I didn't do any inking until I was with Timely Comics and I met a girl up there, in charge of the inking department.
I was at a bar in the Empire State Building with Mike Sekowsky, I said to her, "Gee, I'd like to get some inking done".... I didn't know but she was in charge of all the inking, so she gave me some pages of a story by Ed Winiarski, he did all teenage stuff like Millie the Model. I took one home, I did it. I was getting $15 or $17 a page and, pretty good on the inking. Pencillers were only getting $2 to $3 a page more and at that time there was a lot more work than pencil. Stan Lee found about it, he called me and said, "Who gave you this stuff? You're a penciller, you do a page per day and if you want to do freelance pencilling at home on the weekends you can take a pencil story home." I said, "no. I just wanted to try it", he said, "Well, it's a damn good job".... Maybe it wasn't that good at all but he made me feel comfortable with what I did; the end result was that I wanted to do more of the inking but I never got an opportunity. I stayed there for quite a while and I worked on Lev Gleason's Crime and Punishment magazine.
Let go from Atlas Comics after a short time, he and Andru became longtime collaborators, working together on various projects over a span of four decades. They founded their own comics-book company, the name of, variously rendered as MR Publications, after the initial of their first names. Publications; the two co-founded Mikeross Publications in 1953, which through 1954 produced one issue each of the 3D romance comics 3-D Love and 3-D Romance, two issues of the romance comic Heart and Soul, three issues of the satiric humor comic Get Lost. By this time, after having teamed for early work on Key Publications' Mister Mystery in 1951 and Standard Comics' The Unseen and Joe Yank, the two began a long career as one of DC Comics' primary war story artists, alongside the likes of Joe Kubert, Russ Heath, Jer
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Hydro-Man is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Morris Bench version of Hydro-Man made his first appearance in The Amazing Spider-Man #212 and was created by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist John Romita Jr. Morris "Morrie" Bench gained his superpowers while working as a crewman on the cargo ship the U. S. S. Bulldog, having been knocked overboard accidentally by Spider-Man while a powerful experimental generator is being tested in the ocean; the combination of unknown radiation and his immersion in a deep ocean dwelling bacteria turns him into Hydro-Man. When he realized that he had become a man-of-water, he blamed Spider-Man for his accident and started to hunt him, in order to get revenge on the hero, but was defeated in combat. Soon after that in the story arc "Eye of the Beholder", he teams up with and becomes merged with the Sandman into a composite mud monster called Mud-Thing. In this form, Hydro-Man and Sandman had limited intelligence and they did not have the ability to use their shape-shifting abilities as well as before.
Although it was composed of the two aforementioned villains, it showed no indication of either villain's persona outside of an infatuation with Sadie Frickett, the current love interest of both villains. Soon after, a theater agent named Travis Rave proposed that Sadie and Mud-Thing be in a show, which Sadie gladly accepted at the prospect of stardom; when the show proved to be a huge success, Sadie accidentally kissed Travis out of excitement, thereby enraging the jealous Mud-Thing. Mud-Thing carried Sadie with him to the top a sky-scraper; the creature was defeated with a special gas that dried it out and caused it to crumble apart. Spider-Man managed to save Sadie from her plummet, but she ended up being genuinely upset over the loss of Mud-Thing, knowing that all it had done wrong was love her. After its defeat by Spider-Man and the police and Hydro-Man separated from this form when the police were cleaning up Mud-Thing's remains. Hydro-Man is a typical low rent super criminal, joining supervillain teams such as the Sinister Syndicate, including that of the Frightful Four.
While working with the Sinister Syndicate, Hydro-Man demonstrates a willingness to put up with just about anything in the name of financial gain. He ignores the constant politicking of the other members and looks past the Beetle's betrayal of the group to the Kingpin in the belief that the group was economically beneficial to him. Hydro Man was a member of Crimson Cowl's Masters of Evil, battled the Thunderbolts. After the disintegration of the group, he began to cooperate with the Shocker, he was hired by the Green Goblin to be part of his Sinister Twelve to help kill Spider-Man, but he was defeated again. He was recruited by the Wizard to be a member of a new Frightful Four, the Wizard enhancing his powers while implanting various security protocols that would allow the Wizard to trap Hydro-Man in a liquid-but-conscious state if he did anything that the Wizard disapproved of. Morris was one of the 46 villains to escape the Raft. Before escaping, he attempts to drown Jessica Drew, Matt Murdock, Foggy Nelson, Luke Cage.
After the "Civil War" storyline, he is seen alongside Boomerang. This group attempts to rob Baily's Auction House but are interrupted by Spider-Man and Initiative members War Machine and Komodo; the latter are there to neutralize Spider-Man. The trio escapes, but they are defeated by the Scarlet Spiders; when a member of Wizard's Frightful Five, Hydro-Man received a costume from Wizard, made from the same material as the Human Torch's costume. In the Frightful Five's fight with the Fantastic Four, Hydro-Man was frozen in Titan's atmosphere. Hydro-Man is hired by the Hood to take advantage of the split in the superhero community caused by the Superhuman Registration Act. Hydro-Man appeared in Brand New Day as one of the villains in the Bar with No Name. During the Spider-Island storyline, Hydro-Man battles the Young Allies as Spider-Man shows up to help defeat him; when Spider-Man, his mind swapped with Doctor Octopus, sends a message to various supervillains to capture "Spider-Man" alive and bring him to "Doctor Octopus" in the Raft, Hydro Man is among the supervillains that receives the message.
He is captured by employees of Horizon Labs. In a plot to drown New York City in its filth as part of a ransom demand, Hydro-Man absorbed the wastewater from the North River Wastewater Treatment Plant, his plan was thwarted by Spider-Man with the help of Deadpool, where Spider-Man threw Deadpool inside of him with active grenades. Hawkeye and a displaced version of Red Wolf from Earth-51920 encounter Hydro-Man, working for a group called Oasis Spring Water, draining the underground reservoir that's on the property of the Sweet Medicine Indian Reservation, he managed to defeat Red Wolf. After getting themselves free and Red Wolf fight Oasis Spring Water again. While Red Wolf fights against the militia, Hawkeye engages Hydro-Man in battle; as the Fireheart family joined the fight, Silas Fireheart used electricity to help Hawkeye defeat Hydro-Man. Hydro-Man encounters a scientist named Dr. Rachna Koul, working on "curing him." When Hercules arrived with Human Torch and Thing, Hydro-Man lashed out at them thinking it was a trap.
Dr. Koul activates a machine that electrocutes Hydro-Man enough for him to retreat. After resurfacing in a pond, Hydro-Man sees someone by the campfire and plans to rob him only to discover that the man was a somehow-reviv
Spider-Man is a fictional superhero created by writer-editor Stan Lee and writer-artist Steve Ditko. He first appeared in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 in the Silver Age of Comic Books, he appears in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, as well as in a number of movies, television shows, video game adaptations set in the Marvel Universe. In the stories, Spider-Man is the alias of Peter Parker, an orphan raised by his Aunt May and Uncle Ben in New York City after his parents Richard and Mary Parker were killed in a plane crash. Lee and Ditko had the character deal with the struggles of adolescence and financial issues, accompanied him with many supporting characters, such as J. Jonah Jameson, Flash Thompson, Harry Osborn, romantic interests Gwen Stacy and Mary Jane Watson, foes such as Doctor Octopus, Green Goblin and Venom, his origin story has him acquiring spider-related abilities after a bite from a radioactive spider. When Spider-Man first appeared in the early 1960s, teenagers in superhero comic books were relegated to the role of sidekick to the protagonist.
The Spider-Man series broke ground by featuring Peter Parker, a high school student from Queens behind Spider-Man's secret identity and with whose "self-obsessions with rejection and loneliness" young readers could relate. While Spider-Man had all the makings of a sidekick, unlike previous teen heroes such as Bucky and Robin, Spider-Man had no superhero mentor like Captain America and Batman. Marvel has featured Spider-Man in several comic book series, the first and longest-lasting of, The Amazing Spider-Man. Over the years, the Peter Parker character developed from a shy, nerdy New York City high school student to troubled but outgoing college student, to married high school teacher to, in the late 2000s, a single freelance photographer. In the 2010s, he joins Marvel's flagship superhero team. Spider-Man's nemesis Doctor Octopus took on the identity for a story arc spanning 2012–2014, following a body swap plot in which Peter appears to die. Marvel has published books featuring alternate versions of Spider-Man, including Spider-Man 2099, which features the adventures of Miguel O'Hara, the Spider-Man of the future.
Miles is brought into mainstream continuity, where he works alongside Peter. Spider-Man is one of the commercially successful superheroes; as Marvel's flagship character and company mascot, he has appeared in countless forms of media, including several animated and live action television series, syndicated newspaper comic strips, in a series of films. The character was first portrayed in live action by Danny Seagren in Spidey Super Stories, a The Electric Company skit which ran from 1974 to 1977. In films, Spider-Man has been portrayed by actors Tobey Maguire, Andrew Garfield, Tom Holland. Reeve Carney starred as Spider-Man in the 2010 Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. Spider-Man has been well received as a superhero and comic book character, he is ranked as one of the most popular and iconic comic book characters of all time. In 1962, with the success of the Fantastic Four, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee was casting about for a new superhero idea, he said the idea for Spider-Man arose from a surge in teenage demand for comic books, the desire to create a character with whom teens could identify.
In his autobiography, Lee cites the non-superhuman pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as a great influence, in a multitude of print and video interviews, Lee stated he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so he has become unsure of whether or not this is true. Although at the time teenage superheroes were given names ending with "boy", Lee says he chose "Spider-Man" because he wanted the character to age as the series progressed, moreover felt the name "Spider-Boy" would have made the character sound inferior to other superheroes. At that time Lee had to get only the consent of Marvel publisher Martin Goodman for the character's approval. In a 1986 interview, Lee described in detail his arguments to overcome Goodman's objections. Goodman agreed to a Spider-Man tryout in what Lee in numerous interviews recalled as what would be the final issue of the science-fiction and supernatural anthology series Amazing Adult Fantasy, renamed Amazing Fantasy for that single issue, #15.
In particular, Lee stated that the fact that it had been decided that Amazing Fantasy would be cancelled after issue #15 was the only reason Goodman allowed him to use Spider-Man. While this was indeed the final issue, its editorial page anticipated the comic continuing and that "The Spiderman... will appear every month in Amazing."Regardless, Lee received Goodman's approval for the name Spider-Man and the "ordinary teen" concept and approached artist Jack Kirby. As comics historian Greg Theakston recounts, Kirby told Lee about an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a
The Sinister Syndicate is a fictional group of supervillains appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The characters serve as a collection of lesser-known Spider-Man villains, it was the focus of the 1991 Deadly Foes of Spider-Man mini-series. The Sinister Syndicate first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #280 and was created by Tom DeFalco and Ron Frenz. Patterned after the conglomeration of Spider-Man's deadliest foes who call themselves the Sinister Six, the Sinister Syndicate was formed by the super-villain Abner Jenkins, a.k.a. "The Beetle". The original roster of the group consisted of Beetle, Hydro-Man, Rhino and Speed Demon, who collectively gathered together under the Beetle's leadership. Unlike the Sinister Six, formed to destroy Spider-Man, the Syndicate was formed to act as a mercenary group that worked for the highest bidder; the Syndicate's first appearance was in The Amazing Spider-Man #280, where the group prevented Spider-Man and Silver Sable from capturing famed assassin Jason Macendale known as Jack O'Lantern.
The group, now featuring Shocker and getaway driver/Boomerang's girlfriend Leila Davis, were the focus of the 1991 mini-series Deadly Foes of Spider-Man. The four-issue mini-series focused upon the group's break-up due to the Beetle's jealousy towards Boomerang and his attempts to usurp control over the group. Beetle betrayed Boomerang by allowing him to be caught during a robbery and convincing him to use Beetle's lawyer, not knowing that Beetle had instructed his lawyer to throw the trial to ensure Boomerang's conviction; as Beetle forges an alliance with the Kingpin, Speed Demon begins a relationship with Leila while Rhino locates a scientist who can remove his rhino-themed body-armor, permanently bonded to his body at the time. The scientist however, owes the Kingpin a large sum of money in unpaid gambling debts, resulting in Beetle killing the scientist; as Shocker helps Boomerang escape jail, Leila betrays Speed Demon and reveals her true purpose for dating Boomerang and involving herself with the Syndicate: Leila was the widow of the super-villain Anthony Davis a.k.a.
"The Ringer." The Ringer had been kidnapped years earlier by Beetle, who strapped a bomb to his chest, forcing him to fight Spider-Man. Beetle watched via a camera hidden inside "the bomb" in order for him to observe Spider-Man in action; when Spider-Man defeated the Ringer and exposed Beetle's scheme, Ringer was humiliated and branded a loser by his fellow villains, culminating in his being killed by the Scourge. Leila sought to destroy Beetle in order to avenge her husband. In the end, a massive showdown ensued between the members with Leila escaping with Boomerang and Rhino, while Beetle went to jail and his loyalist members Speed Demon and Hydro-Man made their own escapes. In Avengers: The Initiative, half of the Syndicate fight Spider-Man; the battle is interrupted by War Machine. They are apprehended by the Initiative's Scarlet Spiders; some members of the Sinister Syndicate are reunited in the 2013 ongoing series Superior Foes of Spider-Man. Boomerang is the leader of the new "Sinister Six", which includes Shocker, Speed Demon and a new female Beetle.
As the Beetle points out, the new group only has five members due to the Superior Spider reprogramming Living Brain to serve him, but Boomerang insists on keeping the "Sinister Six" name. Shocker suggests going back to the name "Sinister Syndicate", but the idea is squelched, with Speed Demon objecting, "The Sinister Syndicate were losers!" The following is the known membership of the Sinister Syndicate: The Beetle Boomerang Hydro-Man Rhino Speed Demon Hardshell Shocker Sinister Syndicate is the generic name of affiliation in the Marvel VS System card game for Spider-Man's various villains, as well as many of Spider-Man's major foes in the Marvel HeroClix game. Sinister Syndicate appears in The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man ride located at Marvel Super Hero Island at Universal Orlando's Islands of Adventure in Orlando, Florida and in the New York area at Universal Studios Japan in Osaka, Japan; the group consists of Doctor Octopus, Scream, Hydro-Man and Hobgoblin. During the ride, Doc Ock uses an anti-gravity ray on various items, including parts of the Statue of Liberty, the audience.
They wreak havoc on New York City. Sinister Syndicate appears in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online; the group consists of Doctor Octopus, Green Goblin, Lizard and Venom. Sinister Syndicate at Marvel.com