The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to nine Canadian cities. Founded in 1971 as a quasi-public corporation to operate many U. S. passenger rail services, it receives a combination of state and federal subsidies but is managed as a for-profit organization. Amtrak's headquarters is located one block west of Union Station in Washington, D. C. Amtrak serves more than 500 destinations in 46 states and three Canadian provinces, operating more than 300 trains daily over 21,400 miles of track. Amtrak owns 623 miles of this track and operates an additional 132 miles of track; some track sections allow trains to run as fast as 150 mph. In fiscal year 2018, Amtrak served 31.7 million passengers and had $3.4 billion in revenue, while employing more than 20,000 people. Nearly 87,000 passengers ride more than 300 Amtrak trains on a daily basis. Nearly two-thirds of passengers come from the 10 largest metropolitan areas.
The name Amtrak is a portmanteau of the words America and trak, the latter itself a sensational spelling of track. In 1916, 98% of all commercial intercity travelers in the United States moved by rail, the remaining 2% moved by inland waterways. Nearly 42 million passengers used railways as primary transportation. Passenger trains were owned and operated by the same owned companies that operated freight trains; as the 20th century progressed, patronage declined in the face of competition from buses, air travel, the automobile. New streamlined diesel-powered trains such as the Pioneer Zephyr were popular with the traveling public but could not reverse the trend. By 1940, railroads held just 67 percent of commercial passenger-miles in the United States. In real terms, passenger-miles had fallen by 40 % from 42 billion to 25 billion. Traffic surged during World War II, aided by troop movement and gasoline rationing; the railroad's market share surged with a massive 94 billion passenger-miles. After the war, railroads rejuvenated their overworked and neglected passenger fleets with fast and luxurious streamliners.
These new trains brought only temporary relief to the overall decline. As postwar travel exploded, passenger travel percentages of the overall market share fell to 46% by 1950, 32% by 1957; the railroads had lost money on passenger service since the Great Depression, but deficits reached $723 million in 1957. For many railroads, these losses threatened financial viability; the causes of this decline were debated. The National Highway System and airports, both funded by the government, competed directly with the railroads, who paid for their own infrastructure. Progressive Era rate regulation limited the railroad's ability to turn a profit. Railroads faced antiquated work rules and inflexible relationships with trade unions. To take one example, workers continued to receive a day's pay for 100-to-150-mile work days. Streamliners covered that in two hours. Matters approached a crisis in the 1960s. Passenger service route-miles fell from 107,000 miles in 1958 to 49,000 miles in 1970, the last full year of private operation.
The diversion of most U. S. Postal Service mail from passenger trains to trucks and freight trains in late 1967 deprived those trains of badly needed revenue. In direct response, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway filed to discontinue 33 of its remaining 39 trains, ending all passenger service on one of the largest railroads in the country; the equipment the railroads had ordered after World War II was now 20 years old, worn out, in need of replacement. As passenger service declined various proposals were brought forward to rescue it; the 1961 Doyle Report proposed. Similar proposals failed to attract support; the federal government passed the High Speed Ground Transportation Act of 1965 to fund pilot programs in the Northeast Corridor, but this did nothing to address passenger deficits. In late 1969 multiple proposals emerged in the United States Congress, including equipment subsidies, route subsidies, lastly, a "quasi-public corporation" to take over the operation of intercity passenger trains.
Matters were brought to a head on March 5, 1970, when the Penn Central, the largest railroad in the Northeast United States and teetering on bankruptcy, filed to discontinue 34 of its passenger trains. In October 1970, Congress passed, President Richard Nixon signed into law, the Rail Passenger Service Act. Proponents of the bill, led by the National Association of Railroad Passengers, sought government funding to ensure the continuation of passenger trains, they conceived the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, a private entity that would receive taxpayer funding and assume operation of intercity passenger trains. The original working brand name for NRPC was Railpax, but shortly before the company started operating it was changed to Amtrak. There were several key provisions: Any railroad operating intercity passenger service could contract with the NRPC, thereby joining the national system. Participating railroads bought into the NRPC using a formula based on their recent intercity passenger losses.
The purchase price could be satisfied either by cash or rolling stock. Any participating railroad was freed of the obligation to operate intercity passenger service after May 1, 1971, except for those services chosen by the Department of Transportation as part of a "basic system" of servic
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Great Northern Railway (U.S.)
The Great Northern Railway was an American Class I railroad. Running from Saint Paul, Minnesota, to Seattle, Washington, it was the creation of 19th-century railroad entrepreneur James J. Hill and was developed from the Saint Paul & Pacific Railroad; the Great Northern's route was the northernmost transcontinental railroad route in the U. S. In 1970 the Great Northern Railway merged with three other railroads to form the Burlington Northern Railroad, which merged in 1996 with the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway to form the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway; the Great Northern was the only funded – and built – transcontinental railroad in U. S. history. No federal subsidies were used unlike all other transcontinental railroads; the Great Northern was built in stages to create profitable lines, before extending the road further into the undeveloped Western territories. In a series of the earliest public relations campaigns, contests were held to promote interest in the railroad and the ranchlands along its route.
Fred J. Adams used promotional incentives such as feed and seed donations to farmers getting started along the line. Contests were all-inclusive, from largest farm animals to largest freight carload capacity and were promoted to immigrants and newcomers from the East; the earliest predecessor railroad to the GN was the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, a bankrupt railroad with a small amount of track in the state of Minnesota. James Jerome Hill convinced John S. Kennedy, Norman Kittson, Donald Smith, George Stephen, others to invest $5.5 million in purchasing the railroad. On March 13, 1878, the road's creditors formally signed an agreement transferring their bonds and control of the railroad to Hill's investment group. On September 18, 1889, Hill changed the name of the Minneapolis and St. Cloud Railway to the Great Northern Railway. On February 1, 1890, he transferred ownership of the StPM&M, Montana Central Railway, other rail systems he owned to the Great Northern; the Great Northern had branches that ran north to the Canada–US border in Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana.
It had branches that ran to Superior and Butte, connecting with the iron mining fields of Minnesota and copper mines of Montana. In 1898 Hill purchased control of large parts of the Messabe Range iron mining district in Minnesota, along with its rail lines; the Great Northern began large-scale shipment of ore to the steel mills of the Midwest. At its height, Great Northern operated over 8,000 miles; the railroad’s best known engineer was John Frank Stevens, who served from 1889 to 1903. Stevens was acclaimed for his 1889 exploration of Marias Pass in Montana and determined its practicability for a railroad. Stevens was an efficient administrator with imagination, he discovered Stevens Pass through the Cascade Mountains, set railroad construction standards in the Mesabi Range of northern Minnesota, supervised construction of the Oregon Trunk Line. He became the chief engineer of the Panama Canal; the logo of the railroad, a Rocky Mountain goat, was based on a goat William Kenney, one of the railroad's presidents, had used to haul newspapers as a boy.
The mainline began at Saint Paul, heading west and topping the bluffs of the Mississippi River, crossing the river to Minneapolis on a massive multi-piered stone bridge. The Stone Arch Bridge stands in Minneapolis, near the Saint Anthony Falls, the only waterfall on the Mississippi; the bridge ceased to be used as a railroad bridge in 1978 and is now used as a pedestrian river crossing with excellent views of the falls and of the lock system used to grant barges access up the river past the falls. The mainline headed northwest from the Twin Cities, across eastern Montana; the line crossed the Rocky Mountains at Marias Pass, followed the Flathead River and Kootenai River to Bonners Ferry, South to Sandpoint, west to Newport, Washington and to Spokane, passing by the extensive railroad facility of Hillyard, Washington. From here, the mainline crossed the Cascade Mountains through the Cascade Tunnel under Stevens Pass, reaching Seattle, Washington, in 1893, with the driving of the last spike at Scenic, Washington, on January 6, 1893.
The main line west of Marias Pass has been relocated twice. The original route over Haskell Pass, via Kalispell and Marion, Montana was replaced in 1904 by a more circuitous but flatter route via Whitefish and Eureka, joining the Kootenai River at Rexford, Montana. A further reroute was necessitated by the construction of the Libby Dam on the Kootenai River in the late 1960s; the Army Corp of Engineers built a new route through the Salish Mountains, including the 7-mile-long Flathead Tunnel, second-longest in the United States, to relocate the tracks away from the Kootenai River. This route opened in 1970; the surviving portions of the older routes (from Columbia Falls to Kalispell and Stryker to Eureka, are now operated by Watco as the Mission Mountain Railroad. The Great Northern mainline crossed the continental divide through Marias Pass, the lowest crossing of the Rockies south of the Canada–US border. Here, the mainline forms the southern border of Glacier National Park, which the GN promoted as a tourist attraction.
GN constructed stations at East Glacier and West Glacier entries to the park and timber lodges at the entries and other inns and lodges throughout the Park
Flathead County, Montana
Flathead County is a county located in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 90,928, making it the state's fourth-most populous county, its county seat is Kalispell. The numerical designation for Flathead County is 7, its northern border is on the state's north border, making it contiguous with the Canada–US border, facing British Columbia. Flathead County comprises the Kalispell, Montana Micropolitan Statistical Area, with neighboring Lake county following soon after. Flathead County was founded in 1893, it contains much of Flathead Lake, the Flathead Valley, the Flathead River. These natural treasures, originated by glaciers, are named for the unique geological formation of a broad flat valley surrounded by mountains at the head of a deep glacial lake; some sources cite the supposed practice of the Salish tribe flattening infants' heads as the origin of the name Flathead, but there is no record of Salish Indians having that appearance. Several tribes have long made use of the magnificent Flathead Lake, the Bitterroot Salish and Pend d'Oreilles tribes are represented on the Flathead Reservation.
According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,256 square miles, of which 5,088 square miles is land and 169 square miles is water. It second-largest by total area; the western part of Glacier National Park is located in the county. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 74,471 people, 29,588 households, 20,415 families residing in the county; the population density was 15 people per square mile. There were 34,773 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.26% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.15% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 1.50% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.7% were of German, 11.3% Irish, 11.0% Norwegian, 10.3% English and 9.1% United States or American ancestry. There were 29,588 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.00% were non-families.
25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,466, the median income for a family was $40,702. Males had a median income of $31,908 versus $20,619 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,112. About 9.40% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 90,928 people, 37,504 households, 24,817 families residing in the county; the population density was 17.9 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 46,963 housing units at an average density of 9.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 1.1% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.4% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.1% were German, 15.0% were English, 14.8% were Irish, 9.3% were Norwegian, 4.6% were American. Of the 37,504 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 41.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,998 and the median income for a family was $53,940. Males had a median income of $39,767 versus $28,026 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,721.
About 8.4% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. Miami Herald columnist Dave Barry cites the police blotter of the Flathead Beacon in Flathead County as a source of humorous material, it is written in a spare, surrealist style by local man Justin Franz, following the pattern set by earlier writer Christie Burns. Columbia Falls Kalispell Whitefish Dee L. Brown – member of the Montana House of Representatives Maury Povich – the talk show host known for his TV show Maury Alice Ritzman – LPGA golf professional Joe Bereta – member of the sketch comedy duo Barats and Bereta based in Spokane, Washington. Co-hosts SourceFed on YouTube. Dorothy M. Johnson – Writer of Westerns. Three of her novels, The Hanging Tree, A Man Called Horse, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, were made into motion pictures, her family moved to Whitefish when she was a girl, she lived there for many years. List of cemeteries in Flathead County, Montana List of lakes in Flathead County, Montana List of lakes in Flathead County, Montana List of mountains in Flathead County, Montana List of mountains in Flathead County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Flathead County, Montana The Daily Inter Lake Flathead Beacon Newsletter Websi
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Whitefish River (Montana)
The Whitefish River is a 24.8-mile-long southward-flowing stream originating at the outlet of Whitefish Lake. The river is a tributary of the Stillwater River just before it reaches the Flathead River in Flathead County, in the U. S. state of Montana. The Whitefish River is part of the Columbia River basin, as the Flathead River is a tributary of Clark Fork, tributary to the Pend Oreille River, tributary to the Columbia River. Whitefish River and Whitefish Lake were named in the 1850s for the abundant whitefish harvested there; the Salish called them epɫx̣ʷy̓u, "has whitefish". The Whitefish River originates in Whitefish Lake and flows south until it joins the Stillwater River just before the Flathead River about 1 mile east of Kalispell; the river's uppermost reach flows through the city of Whitefish for 2.5 miles. The Whitefish River has three tributaries of significance. Small Cow Creek flows southwest 4.5 miles and discharges into the river 2 miles downstream from Whitefish Lake. Next, several headwater tributaries beginning in the Whitefish Mountain Resort form Haskill Creek which flows 11 miles south to the Whitefish River 4.5 miles downstream from Whitefish Lake.
The third tributary to Whitefish River is Walker Creek which begins in the southern flank of the Whitefish Range and joins the river 5 miles below the Whitefish Lake outlet. The Montana Department of Environmental Quality determined in 2014 that the Whitefish River was temperature-impaired, meaning that high temperature impairs aquatic life, that a reduction in water temperature of 0.99 °F was recommended. Bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout are considers indicator species of stream health, are present in the Whitefish River, although in diminished numbers; the primary threat to native cutthroat trout is hybridization with non-native rainbow trout. A 2001 genetics study of cutthroat trout in the river showed 98.2% rainbow trout and 1.8% westslope cutthroat trout genetics in a sample of 15 fish. Other native fish species include the river's namesake mountain whitefish, largescale sucker, longnose sucker, northern pikeminnow, peamouth chub, redside shiner, slimy sculpin. Non-native fish species include northern pike.
Whitefish Lake Montana Stream Access Law List of rivers of Montana Tributaries of the Columbia River Whitefish Lake Institute
Whitefish Lake (Montana)
Whitefish Lake. Whitefish Lake was named in the 1850s for the abundant mountain whitefish harvested there; the Salish referred to the lake as epɫx̣ʷy̓u, "has whitefish". Whitefish Lake is located northwest of the city of Montana at an elevation of 2,999 feet, it lies between the southwest flank of the Whitefish Range and the northeast flank of Lion Mountain in Flathead County. This natural 5.2 square miles lake has a maximum length of 5.8 miles and width of 1.4 miles, is 233 feet at its deepest. Whitefish Lake has a surface elevation of 2,999 feet and occupies a surface area of 5.2 sq mi. Tributaries to the lake include Swift Creek, which originates in Upper Whitefish Lake, Lazy Creek, which enter at the northwestern head of the lake, Hell Roaring Creek on the eastern shore, Beaver Creek which begins in Beaver Lake on the western shore; the lake has 15.9 miles. The lake's outflow is Whitefish River, tributary to the Stillwater River just before the Flathead River about 1 mile east of Kalispell.
Bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout were the apex predator and pelagic surface feeder in Whitefish Lake. They persist in the lake but in diminished numbers; the primary threat to native cutthroat trout is hybridization with non-native rainbow trout. Other native fish species include the river's namesake mountain whitefish, largescale sucker, longnose sucker, northern pikeminnow, peamouth chub, redside shiner, fathead minnow, mottled sculpin slimy sculpin, shorthead sculpin; the lake's fish assemblage has been completed disrupted by twentieth century introductions of non-native fishes and mysis shrimp. Introduced non-native fish species include northern pike. Kokanee salmon, the landlocked from of sockeye salmon, were introduced to the lake in 1945 and spawned for 35 years until competition for forage with introduced mysis shrimp extirpated the kokanee; the rise in Mysida populations led to an increase in non-native lake trout ( numbers, the latter competing with bull trout and a predator of every native fish species in the lake.
Non-native rainbow trout and brook trout have been introduced and compete with native bull and cutthroat trout. Introduced lake whitefish are now abundant in the lake. Fishing and boating are major recreational activities on the lake. Whitefish Lake State Park provides opportunities for camping and swimming, as does Whitefish City Beach, a sandy beach at the lake's outlet in the city of Whitefish. Whitefish River Whitefish Lake State Park Whitefish Lake Institute Whitefish Lake State Park website Whitefish City Beach website