Oliver Paipoonge is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located directly west of the city of Thunder Bay. The municipality was formed on January 1, 1998, with the amalgamation of the former Township of Oliver and Township of Paipoonge, it contains several communities within its boundaries, including Baird, Carters Corners, Kakabeka Falls, Lee, McCluskeys Corners, Murillo, Slate River Valley and Twin City. The remainder of the municipality is rural; the municipality is part of Thunder Bay's Census Metropolitan Area. The geography of Oliver Paipoonge transitions from river valleys in the south, through flat open farmland and rolling hills in the central areas, to the rough Canadian Shield in the north; the most notable geographic feature is Kakabeka Falls, located on the western edge of the municipality in Kakabeka Falls Provincial Park. Murillo contains a post office, a store, a municipal hall, a Public Library. New commercial enterprises, located in the Rubin Industrial Park, include a well driller, self-storage facility, a forest products manufacturer, the Rural Roots child care facility.
Each year the village hosts the Murillo Fall Fair. The village is the location of the government offices for the Municipality of Oliver Paipoonge as well as the Oliver Paipoonge Police and the Lakehead Rural Planning Board. Murillo was a water stop on the Canadian Pacific Railway; the stop was named after the Spanish painter Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, as the CPR was at that time using the names of painters to name the many new communities springing up along its trans-Canadian line. Rosslyn contains numerous commercial enterprises and is home to 1,200 people and the Paipoonge Museum. A golf course and housing subdivision, named King George's Park, are being developed in a former gravel pit. There is a skating rink here, a community centre and Public Library beside it. Kakabeka Falls takes its name from the nearby Kakabeka Falls waterfall; the Lauber Arboretum is located in the community. As Kakabeka Falls' economy is based on tourism, its main street is lined with tourist oriented businesses such as hotels and camping sites.
A three-day street fair is hosted in the village every August. Kakabeka Falls has a public school, called Kakabeka Falls Elementary School, located on the community's main street. According to the 2001 census, there were 5,862 people residing in Oliver Paipoonge, of whom 51.2% were male and 48.8% were female. Children under five accounted for 4.9% of the resident population of Oliver Paipoonge. This compares with 5.8% in Ontario as a whole, 5.6% for Canada overall. In mid-2001, 9.7% of the resident population in Oliver Paipoonge were of retirement age compared with 13.2% in Canada. The average age is 37.9 years of age comparing to 37.6 years of age for all of Canada. In the five years between 1996 and 2001, the population of Oliver Paipoonge declined by 0.8% compared with an increase of 6.1% for Ontario province as a whole. Population density of Oliver Paipoonge averaged 16.7 people per square kilometre, compared with an average of 12.6 for Ontario altogether. Population trend: Population in 2011: 5732 Population in 2006: 5757 Population in 2001: 5862 Population total in 1996: 5907 Oliver: 2711 Paipoonge: 3196 Population in 1991: Oliver: 2462 Paipoonge: 2972 The 2001 census states that 81.2 per cent of Oliver Paipoonge residents belong to a Christian denomination.
Those who follow religions like Buddhism, Islam, Baha'i, others make up 1.5% of the population combined, while the remaining 17.3% are non-religious. The municipality is served by three major highways. Highways 61 and 130 are located in the southeast corner of the municipality and serves as the backbone of the Slate River Valley, an agricultural community. Highway 130 connects to the Trans-Canada Highway at the largest settlement, it serves as the main street for Kakabeka Falls. Half of the population of Oliver Paipoonge lives within five kilometres of Highway 11/17. Highway 102 runs through the northeast corner of the municipality. A small grass airstrip is located northeast of Kakabeka Falls, two rail lines run through the municipality. Oliver Paipoonge's primary industry is agriculture, followed with tourism focused around Kakabeka Falls and forest products manufacturing in Murillo and Rosslyn. Many residents commute to work either to the surrounding woodlands; the municipal office of Oliver Paipoonge is located in the village of Murillo.
The current mayor of Oliver Paipoonge is Lucia Kloosterhuis. The first female elected as mayor in Oliver Township was Iris Calvert, in 1991; the Municipality of Paipoonge had not elected a female as mayor. Each year Kakabeka Falls hosts a street fair, Murillo hosts the Murillo Fall Fair, the Slate River area hosts the Slate River Ploughing Match, the Agriplex hosts an annual summer fair. There are two museums in the municipality: the Paipoonge Museum in Rosslyn and the Pioneer Museum in the Slate River Valley. Oliver Paipoonge is served by the Lakehead District School Board. There are four schools located in Oliver Paipoonge, Crestview Public School in Murillo, Kakabeka Falls Public School in Kakabeka Falls, Valley Central Public School and Thunder Bay Christian School. High schools students are bused to Thunder Bay. A daycare centre is located in Murillo. List of townships in Ontario Municipality of
Manitouwadge is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario. It is located in the Thunder Bay District, at the north end of Highway 614, 331 kilometres east of Thunder Bay and 378 kilometres north-west of Sault Ste. Marie. Manitouwadge is part of the wide-ranging territory of the Ojibwe people; the town itself was founded by Noranda in the early 1950s to support the company's Geco copper mine. The other mine in Manitouwadge is the Willroy mine, named after two of the "Weekend Prospectors" William Dawidowich and Roy Barker. From 1954 to 1974 Manitouwadge was classified as an Improvement District; the community became an incorporated township in 1975. In the early 1980s, gold was discovered at Hemlo, near the intersection of highways 614 and 17, about 50 kilometres south of the town. Noranda acquired the mining rights to a significant portion of the ground in that area, built the Golden Giant Mine, it offered housing in Manitouwadge to many of the employees of the new mine, the town boomed. When the Geco mine closed in 1995, Manitouwadge's population decreased significantly.
After peaking at nearly 4000 people in the early 1990s, it decreased to less than 3000 by 2001. With the closing of the Golden Giant Mine in 2006, the population dropped to 2,100 by 2011. While mining has always been at the forefront of Manitouwadge's economic activity, forestry plays a significant part in the town's economy; the town is turning itself into a retirement community, offering some of the lowest housing prices in the country. Population trend: Population in 2011: 2105 Population in 2006: 2300 Population in 2001: 2949 Population in 1996: 3395 Population in 1991: 3972 Summer is open to many outdoor activities. Hunting and golf are the main summer attractions open to vacationers and residents. There is a nine-hole golf course. There is a equipped gym, a large outside track, a family pool. Trails for hiking in the summer and trails for snowmobilers in the winter are abundant. Ten runs for downhill skiing are present as well as two locations with cross country ski trails managed by the Northern Trails Ski Club.
From the top of the ski hill one can see the whole town. Manitouwadge's municipal limits include four geographic townships: Mapledoram, Leslie and Gertrude. Willroy mine was named after two of the "Weekend Prospectors." William Dawidowich and Roy Barker. Manitouwadge was the first Model Town established in Ontario. Nearby Mose Lake is named after Moses Fisher, the native guide of James E. Thomson on his 1931 exploration of the Manitouwadge area. Name duplication required the S be dropped. From 1954 to 1974 Manitouwadge was classified as an Improvement District; the community attained Township classification in 1975. Birthplace of Stanley Cup and Olympic gold medal winning hockey coach Mike Babcock. List of townships in Ontario List of francophone communities in Ontario Township of Manitouwadge website Manitouwadge Public Library website Manitouwadge General Hospital website Manitouwadge - Play In the Extreme website Manitouwadge and area Local DAILY newspaper OntarioNewsNorth.comEducation linksManitouwadge Public School Manitouwadge High School Our Lady of Lourdes School
Red Rock, Ontario
Red Rock is a township in Northwestern Ontario, located in the Thunder Bay District. The community of Red Rock sits on the shore of Lake Superior, about 10 miles west of the Nipigon River where it drains into Nipigon Bay on the north shore of Lake Superior; the population as of 2011 is 942. During the Second World War, a prisoner of war camp was established here housing German prisoners. Many men returned to work in surrounding woods after the war; the Red Rock Folk Festival, held by the Live From the Rock Folk & Blues Society, is held each year. Population trend: Population in 2006: 1063 Population in 2001: 1233 Population in 1996: 1258 Population in 1991: 1421 Red Rock's main source of employment is a kraft paper mill owned by Norampac; the mill consisted of two kraft paper machines but in late 2005 was reduced to running one machine. On August 31, 2006, Norampac announced the indefinite closure of the container board plant; this was due to unfavourable economic conditions such as the rising price of fibre, energy costs and the strengthening Canadian dollar.
In September 2007 Norampac announced the sale of its Red Rock plant to American Logistic Services Inc. A new plywood mill was supposed to be operational by fall 2008, this deadline had been pushed back to spring 2009; the plans were cancelled however as the plant was torn down and the land was sold to Riversedge Developments in April 2015. There has been talk of constructing a sea port and biomass plant on the land, but it remains unclear whether this will be the case. Heather Houston, 1989 Women's World Curling Champion List of townships in Ontario
Lake Nipigon is the largest lake within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is part of the Great Lake drainage basin. Lying 260 metres above sea level, the lake drains into the Nipigon River and thence into Nipigon Bay of Lake Superior; the lake and river are the largest tributaries of Lake Superior. It lies about 120 kilometres northeast of the city of Ontario. Lake Nipigon has a total area of 4,848 square kilometres, compared to 3,150 square kilometres for Lake of the Woods; the largest islands are Caribou Island, Geikie Island, Katatota Island, Kelvin Island, Logan Island, Murchison Island, Murray Island, Shakespeare Island. Maximum depth is 165 metres; the lake is noted for its towering cliffs and unusual green-black sand beaches composed of the fine particles of a dark green mineral known as pyroxene. The lake basin provides an important habitat for woodland caribou. Abstract mafic rocks at Lake Nipigon give evidence of rift-related continental basaltic magmatism during the Midcontinent Rift System event, estimated at 1,109 million years ago.
Great sills up to 150 to 200 metres thick are related with the rifting event, forming cliffs hundreds of meters high. The mafic and ultramafic intrusions centered on Lake Nipigon represent a failed arm of the main rift called the Nipigon Embayment; as the last Ice Age was ending, Lake Nipigon was, at times, part of the drainage path for Lake Agassiz. The French Jesuit Claude Allouez celebrated the first mass beside the Nipigon River May 29, 1667, he visited the village of the Nipissing Indians who had fled there during the Iroquois onslaught of 1649-50. In the Jesuit Relations the lake is called lac Alimibeg, was subsequently known as Alemipigon or Alepigon. In the 19th century it was spelled as Lake Nepigon; this may have originated from the Ojibwe word Animbiigoong, meaning'at continuous water' or'at waters that extends.' Though some sources claim the name may be translated as'deep, clear water,' this description is for Lake Temagami. Today, the Ojibwa bands call Lake Nipigon Animbiigoo-zaaga'igan.
The 1778 Il Paese de' Selvaggi Outauacesi, e Kilistinesi Intorno al Lago Superiore map by John Mitchell identifies the lake as Lago Nepigon and its outlet as F. Nempissaki. In the 1807 map A New Map of Upper & Lower Canada by John Cary, the lake was called Lake St Ann or Winnimpig, while the outflowing river as Red Stone R. Today, the Red Rock First Nation located along the Nipigon River still bears the "Red Stone" name. In the 1827 map Partie de la Nouvelle Bretagne. By Philippe Vandermaelen, the lake was called L. Ste Anne, while the outflowing river as R. Nipigeon. In the 1832 map North America sheet IV. Lake Superior. By the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, the lake was called St Ann or Red L. while the outflowing river as Neepigeon and the heights near the outlet of the Gull River as Neepigon Ho. By 1883, maps such as Statistical & General Map of Canada by Letts, Son & Co. began identify the lake as Lake Nipigon. In 1683 Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut established a fur trading post on Lake Nipigon named Fort la Tourette after his brother, Claude Greysolon, Sieur de la Tourette.
The Alexis Hubert Jaillot map of 1685 suggests that this fort was somewhere in Ombabika Bay at the northeast end of the lake where the Ombabika River and Little Jackfish River empty. This post, like most of the western French posts, was closed in 1696 by order of the king, due to a surplus of beaver belts, the system of trading permits established in 1681 was abolished. On 17 April 1744, the Count of Maurepas, Minister of the Marine, informed the Canadian officials that Jean de La Porte was to be given the "fur ferme" of Lac Alemipigon from that year forward as a reward for his services in New France. After the Treaty of Paris, the area passed into the hands of the British, the Hudson's Bay Company expanded its trading area to include the Lake. Although it was considered to be within British North America, it was not until 1850 that the watershed draining into Lake Superior was ceded formally by the Ojibwe Indians to the Province of Canada. A four square mile reservation was set aside on Gull River near Lake Nipigon on both sides of the river for the Chief Mishe-muckqua.
In 1871 Lake Nipigon was included in Ontario. The Township of Nipigon was incorporated in 1908; the Municipality of Greenstone was incorporated in 2001 and includes Orient Bay, MacDiarmid, Nakina, Caramat and Geraldton. In 1943 Canada and the United States agreed to the Ogoki diversion which diverts water into Lake Superior that would flow into James Bay and thence into Hudson Bay; the diversion connects the upper portion of the Ogoki River to Lake Nipigon. This water was diverted to support three hydroelectric plants on the Nipigon River; the diversion is governed by the International Lake Superior Board of Control, established in 1914 by the International Joint Commission. Lake Nipigon Provincial Park is located on the east side of Lake Nipigon. In 1999 the park boundary was amended to reduce the park area from 14.58 to 9.18 square kilometres. The area was deregulated and transferred to the Government of Canada for a reserve for the Sand Point First Nation. Douglas, R. ed. Nipigon to Winnipeg: a canoe voyage through Western Ontario by Edward Umfreville in 178
Terrace Bay is a township in Thunder Bay District in northern Ontario, located on the north shore of Lake Superior east of Thunder Bay along Highway 17. The name originates from a series of lake terraces formed as the water level in Lake Superior lowered following the latest ice age. Terrace Bay originated as a company town in the 1940s when a pulp and paper mill was established there by the Longlac Pulp & Paper Company renamed Kimberly-Clark Forest Products. At the same time, the Aguasabon Generating Station was created by the Ontario Hydro water division, to redirect the northward flowing Long Lake south through the Aguasabon River system to Lake Superior. On September 1, 1947, Terrace Bay was granted status as an Improvement District; the pulp mill was the lead developer with construction of the community's basic infrastructure. By the end of 1948, Terrace Bay consisted of about 230 houses serviced with sewer and electricity but surrounded only by bush as the highway was still not completed through the town.
In 1951, the Lakeview subdivision was started, with sewer and electrical services provided for well over 100 houses. By December 31, 33 of the 35 new houses occupied. Other additions to the community were two new churches, 22-bed modern hospital, post office, liquor store, clothing store and railway station. Construction of the Memorial Recreation Centre was completed in July 1953; the building consisted of an arena, curling club, bowling alley, offices, three meeting rooms and public washrooms. In 1958, the mill converted to chlorine dioxide bleaching and had sold 63 houses to employees and another 28 houses were built; the next year, Terrace Bay became a municipal township. In 1972, the Kimberly Clark Pulp and Paper Company Ltd. and Kimberly Clark of Canada Ltd. amalgamated. From 1972 to 1977 the population of Terrace Bay increased from 1,755 to 2,299 persons, directly attributed to Kimberly Clark's expansion program; the pulp mill was the lifeblood of the region and in 2005 Kimberly-Clark sold the mill to Neenah Paper Inc, who sold the mill to Buchanan Forestry Products in 2006.
The mill was renamed to Terrace Bay Pulp Inc. It operated until it ran into financial hardship and was shut down in 2009. After financial reorganization, it reopened in October 2010 to strong pulp markets. However, soon thereafter the mill ran into financial trouble again and had to declare bankruptcy and look for a buyer. In July 2012, the Aditya Birla Group agreed to purchase the mill; the municipality carried out a plan for growth in 2010/2011 including the downtown revitalization plan, the cultural centre project, a rebranding of the township based on Lake Superior and the new Terrace Bay Lighthouse attraction, built. The community continues to look at new ways to encourage job growth and support the business community. Terrace Bay's McCausland Hospital is a modern accredited 45-bed community hospital, it serves a population of 4,000 residents from the communities of Terrace Bay, Rossport and Pays Plat. Named for the town's first physician, Michael McCausland, the present structure was built in 1980 and is situated overlooking the shores of Lake Superior.
The McCausland Hospital expanded in May 2011 with the creation of the Wilkes Terrace 22-bed long-term care facility. The Aguasabon Medical Clinic is located in the McCausland Hospital and has a full complement of physicians with same-day medical service. Upon moving to Terrace Bay and visiting the clinic, new residents are assigned their own family physician; the town has three elementary schools: Terrace Bay Public School, St. Martin's Catholic School, École Catholique Franco-Terrace. Lake Superior High School accommodates students from surrounding communities; the town's Recreation Centre holds a hockey arena, outdoor pool, curling rink, fitness centre, bowling alley, various athletic courts. During the summer months, the Aquasabon Golf Course opens and during the winter months, the Trestle Ridge Ski Hill; the Voyageur Hiking Trail passes through the community. The Terrace Bay Cultural Centre was built in October 2010 which includes the expanded Terrace Bay Public Library, the Terrace Bay Seniors' Activity Centre, the Michael King Community Hall.
The large majority of businesses, including a grocery store, post office, Liquor Control Board of Ontario, flower shop, gift shops, outdoor supply store and print shop, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce bank and various restaurants are located on the main street, Simcoe Plaza, which saw a major revitalization effort in 2011. Simcoe Plaza had renovations, landscaping and the construction of a 50 ft lighthouse attraction for visitors to climb and take in views of Lake Superior, the nearby Slate Islands, the rest of the municipality. Terrace Bay boasts a multitude of sandy beaches on the shores of Lake Superior as well as smaller inland lakes. Accessible by vehicle and hiking trails, the Lake Superior beaches boast waves in late summer that bring a variety of water sport lovers to the town, including surfers and body boarders; the inland lakes provide warm sheltered swimming for the many hikers and campers who come to the area. The Slate Islands, now a provincial park, are located in Lake Superior within Terrace Bay's municipal limits.
The island features the highest lighthouse on Lake Superior, the largest known shatter cone in the world, abandoned gold mines, wildlife including the largest unthreatened boreal woodland caribou population in Canada. Visitors can book charters to the Slate Islands by local tourist outfitters. In 1999 local car enthusiasts' group Superior Classics Car Club began the annual three-day drag racing event known as Terrace Bay's Dragfest. In
Armstrong, Thunder Bay District, Ontario
Armstrong is a compact rural community, unincorporated place, divisional point on the Canadian National Railway transcontinental railway main line in the unorganized portion of Thunder Bay District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Whitesand First Nation's Armstrong Settlement is coterminous to this community; the Armstrong area is a popular tourist destination in the summer for hunting. The community is not part of an incorporated municipality, but is administered by a local services board. Armstrong is accessible via Highway 527, which extends 235 kilometres north from Highway 11/17 near Thunder Bay, it takes about three hours to get to Armstrong by car from Thunder Bay. According to the Canada 2016 Census, the community had a population of 193, down from 220 in 2011, a decrease of 12.3%. There are 186 dwellings. Canadian Forces Station Armstrong, located 1.1 miles east of Armstrong, was closed in 1974. That year the base was sold to private owners and turned into a popular gathering area for the town that included a restaurant and bar, multiple apartments, a curling rink.
The area, known as D&L, remains that way today. The town of Armstrong has two restaurants, a Canada Post post office, a clinic, a Mini Mart gas station and motel, the Armstrong General store. Armstrong Airport is located 4.5 nautical miles east southeast of Armstrong. The VIA Rail Canadian train travels through and stops on request in Armstrong
O'Connor is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located 32 kilometres west of the city of Thunder Bay. The municipality was formed on January 1, 1907; the township serves as a bedroom community of Thunder Bay, with some agriculture, is part of Thunder Bay's Census Metropolitan Area. The township was opened to settlement in 1887 because of the silver mining boom, named by the Ontario government after Port Arthur businessman and police magistrate James Joseph O'Connor; the current mayor of O'Connor is Jim Vezina. The township has four councillors, Chantal Alkins, Kevin Foekens, Jerry Loan, Bishop Racicot; the township maintains a disposal site, a skating rink, basketball court, a fire station staffed by volunteer fire fighters. The township distributes a newsletter called The Cornerstone. O'Connor's primary industry is agriculture. Many residents commute to work either to the surrounding woodlands; the geography of O'Connor is flat open farmland and rolling hills, with the Whitefish River Valley dominating the southeast corner of the township.
The township contains many rivers. The most notable geographic feature is Kakabeka Falls, located in the northeastern corner of the municipality near the community of Kakabeka Falls, Ontario; the municipality is served by highways 590 and 595, which intersect in the northern half of the municipality. Highway 590 connects the community to the Trans-Canada Highway at Kakabeka Falls in neighbouring Oliver Paipoonge. According to the 2006 census, there were 720 people residing in O'Connor, of whom 50.7% were male and 49.3% were female. Children under five accounted for 6.25% of the resident population of O'Connor. This compares with 5.5% in Ontario as a whole, 5.3% for Canada overall. In mid-2006, 9.0% of the resident population in O'Connor were of retirement age compared with 13.7% in Canada. The average age was 40.8 years of age comparing to 39.5 years of age for all of Canada. In the five years between 2001 and 1996, the population of O'Connor declined by 0.6% compared with an increase of 6.6% for Ontario province as a whole.
Population density of O'Connor averaged 6.6 people per square kilometre, compared with an average of 13.4 for Ontario altogether. Historic populations: Population in 2001: 724 Population in 1996: 739 The 2001 census states that 65.5 per cent of O'Connor residents belong to a Christian denomination. Those who follow Buddhism make up 1.4% of the population, while the remaining 32.4% are non-religious. The township receives good quality radio from Thunder Bay; some radio stations from Thunder Bay do not reach this township, such as CILU-FM, The Lakehead University campus radio, Magic 99.9 FM. Major radio 105.3 The Giant and Rock 94 reach the township with good reception. List of townships in Ontario O'Connor Township