Grundy is a town in Buchanan County, United States, an area of the Appalachian Mountains. The population was 1,021 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Buchanan County. The town is noted for two educational institutions established since the late 20th century: Appalachian School of Law and Appalachian College of Pharmacy. Legislation establishing Buchanan County in 1858 designated a plat of land at the confluence of the Levisa Fork River and Slate Creek as the seat of government for the county and directed the erection of the county courthouse on the plat, which marked the beginnings of what would be Grundy. Although developed along the Levisa Fork River, which provided a transportation and power waterway, the town suffered from nine major floods since 1929 that caused extensive damage, the last in 1977, it is notable for having major businesses relocated in the 21st century to higher ground to prevent such damage in the future. A mountain opposite the historic town was blasted to provide a kind of plateau where much of the town was relocated and redeveloped.
The federal project included construction of bridges and a flood wall, relocation of some roadways. During the American Civil War, the town served as a stopover for Union troops on their way to the Battle of Saltville; the town, founded in 1858 upon the formation of Buchanan County, was named for Felix Grundy, United States Attorney General and United States Senator from Tennessee. It was incorporated in 1876; the present courthouse dates from 1905 and has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1982. Since the late 19th century, this area depended on coal mining as the basis of its economy; the decline in mining resulted in a loss of jobs and population. In October 1864, Union raiders under Brigadier General Stephen G. Burbridge passed through Grundy on their way to destroy the saltworks near Saltville in Smyth County. There they were met by Confederate troops commanded by Brigadier General Alfred E. Jackson at the Battle of Saltville; the Union troops were defeated in the battle, but returned and succeeded in destroying the saltworks.
Since 1929, Grundy suffered nine major floods of the adjoining Levisa Fork River. After the inundation of April 4, 1977, many businesses did not reopen, owners abandoned the buildings that housed them. A 1984 flooded many businesses again. A 21st-century project to relocate much of the town to higher ground has been completed; the project started in 2001. The mountain on the other side of the Levisa Fork was blasted to create 13 acres of level land. After a few years of blasting, utilities were placed and new bridges were built across the river. A new downtown is planned to include a multi-level Wal-Mart with a parking deck. Buildings backing on the river have been demolished, a new flood wall protects the county courthouse. U. S. Route 460 was relocated to the top of the flood wall. Businesses located downtown were relocated to an industrial building located just outside town. State Route 83 will be rerouted to meet U. S. Route 460 down the street where U. S. Route 460 took a directional split to go through downtown Grundy.
Additional work upriver is under study to reroute U. S. Route 460 inland from its current path. Grundy was the home of the predecessor to the Food City Stores, when Jack Smith opened a Piggly Wiggly franchise in 1955; the store was Smith's first and the chain has now grown to 107 stores located in Virginia and Tennessee. The chain is known for sponsoring the Food City 500 NASCAR race at Bristol Motor Speedway; the Grundy store remained open one day short of 50 years. It closed in November 2005. A new store opened up just outside the town limits in Vansant; the Grundy store was re-opened on June 2011, as one of the KVAT Food City Stores. It is a Super Dollar Discount Foods location. Grundy is home to the Appalachian School of Law, which opened in 1997, the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, which opened in 2005. Buchanan County chose Grundy as the site for the ASL to revitalize the town, in a steady economic decline since the Flood of 1977; the ASL has generated $12 million for the local economy. Its presence has increased demand for construction of rental homes and stimulated the opening of additional businesses in the area.
Additionally, ASL has demonstrated the concept of creating institutions of higher education as an economic development tool. This success contributed to the founding of the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, located in Oakwood. Like the Appalachian School of Law, it was created as part of a continuing economic redevelopment effort in the region. ACP is forecast to add $20 million per year to the local economy. On January 16, 2002, Dean Anthony Sutin, Professor Thomas Blackwell, 1L student Angela Dales were shot and killed on the campus of the Appalachian School of Law by Peter Odighizuwa, 43, of Nigeria, a student. At his trial, Odighizuwa was found to be mentally competent, he pleaded guilty to the murders to avoid the death penalty, was sentenced to multiple life terms in prison. Grundy is located at 37°16′36″N 82°5′42″W; the town is located at intersection of U. S. Route 460 and State Route 83 directly on the banks of the Levisa Fork River. Grundy is located in the coalfields of the Appalachian Mountains.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.0 square miles, all land. Grundy is located in the Cumberland Plateau Region. Grundy is served by the Grundy Municipal Airport located in Vansant, which serves general aviation traffic. Commercial traffic can be found at Beckley Raleigh County Memorial Airport in West Virginia and at the Tri-Cities Regional Ai
Big Rock, Virginia
Big Rock is an unincorporated community in Buchanan County, Virginia located at the convergence of County Route 650 and U. S. Route 460, a short distance from the Kentucky state line. A post office was established at Big Rock in 1854; the boulder from which the community took its name was destroyed in the 1930s by the building of the railroad
Pilgrim's Knob, Virginia
Pilgrim's Knob is an unincorporated community in Buchanan County, United States. As of the 2000 census, the Pilgrim's Knob area had a population of 479, it is located at 37°14′19″N 81°54′44″W along the Dismal River, part of the watershed of the Big Sandy River, at the junction of Virginia State Routes 638 and 680. The area was first settled in 1833 by Milton Ward. However, the area was not named until 1938 when the first post office was opened by Thomas Ward, a descendant of Milton Ward, under the name "Pilgrim Knob"; the name was given by Ward's wife in honor of the pioneers who first settled the area
Patterson, Buchanan County, Virginia
Patterson is an unincorporated community in Buchanan County, United States. Patterson is located on State Route 641 6.8 miles east of Grundy. Patterson had a post office from September 11, 1936, to July 27, 1991; the Patterson post office was established in 1936. The community was named for the Patterson brothers
Buchanan County, Virginia
Buchanan County is a United States county in far western Virginia, the only Virginia county to border both West Virginia and Kentucky. The county is part of the Southwest Virginia region and lies in the rugged Appalachian Plateau portion of the Appalachian Mountains, its county seat is Grundy. Buchanan County was established in 1858 from parts of Russell and Tazewell counties, it was named in honor of then-President James Buchanan. In 1880, part of Buchanan County was taken to form Dickenson County; as of the 2010 census, the county population was 24,098, had a double-digit percentage population decrease over the last three censuses. In addition, as of 2012, Buchanan was the fifth-poorest county in Virginia, when ranked by median household income and has been in bottom 5 % percent over the past decade; the county was formed in 1858 from parts of Tazewell County. It was named for the 15th President of the United States. In 1880 the southwestern part of Buchanan County was combined with parts of Russell County and Wise County to become Dickenson County.
Helen Timmons Henderson helped participate in the work of the Buchanan Mission School at Council, Va. She and Sarah Lee Fain of Norfolk became the first two women to be elected into the Virginia General Assembly, they were both Democrats in the House of Delegates. When Helen was in office, the delegates agreed to let 6.2 miles of improved road to be placed from Russell County, across Big "A" Mountain, to Council. Route 80 is known as "Helen Henderson Highway." In 1876, Grundy was chosen and became the county seat of Buchanan County, it was named in honor of Felix Grundy, a Senator from Tennessee. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 503.8 square miles, of which 502.7 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water. It is home to Poplar Gap Park; the county is divided into seven supervisor districts: Garden, Knox, North Grundy, Rock Lick, South Grundy. Mingo County, West Virginia – north McDowell County, West Virginia – east Tazewell County, Virginia – southeast Russell County, Virginia – south Dickenson County, Virginia – southwest Pike County, Kentucky – northwest US 460 SR 80 SR 83 As of the census of 2000, there were 26,978 people, 10,464 households, 7,900 families residing in the county.
The population density was 54 people per square mile. There were 11,887 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.75% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.10% from other races, 0.33% from two or more races, 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,464 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.50% were non-families. Of all households, 22.50% were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.87. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,213, the median income for a family was $27,328. Males had a median income of $29,540 versus $17,766 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,788. About 19.80% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. Garden District: Buddy Fuller Hurricane District: William P. Harris Knox District: Trey Adkins North Grundy District: James Carroll Branham Prater District: Earl Scott Rocklick District: Craig Stiltner South Grundy District: Gary Roger Rife Clerk of the Circuit Court: Beverly S. Tiller Commissioner of the Revenue: A. Ruth Horn Commonwealth's Attorney: Gerald D. Arrington Sheriff: C. Ray Foster Treasurer: Bill Keene Buchanan County is represented by Republican A. Benton Chafin in the Virginia Senate, Republican James W. "Will" Morefield in the Virginia House of Delegates, Republican H. Morgan Griffith in the U.
S. House of Representatives. Appalachian School of Law, Grundy Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Oakwood Mountain Mission School, Grundy Keen Mountain Christian Academy, Oakwood All public schools in Buchanan County are operated by Buchanan County Public Schools system. Grundy Senior High School, Grundy Twin Valley High School, Pilgrims Knob Council High School, Council Hurley High School, Hurley Twin Valley Elem/Middle School Council Elementary School Riverview Elementary Middle School Hurley Elementary/Middle School Harman Elementary Vansant Elementary Big Rock Elementary Grundy Jr. High School Garden Elementary Garden Middle School Garden High School J. M. Bevins Elementary School Whitewood Elementary School Whitewood High School D. A. Justus P. V. Dennis Russell Prater Elementary Grundy Vansant National Register of Historic Places listings in Buchanan County, Virginia The Virginia Mountaineer
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Oakwood is an unincorporated area in Buchanan County, located at the intersection of U. S. Route 460 and Secondary Route 624; the Appalachian College of Pharmacy is on the campus of the former Garden High School. The Oakwood post office was established in 1938; the community was named for the valuable oak timber in the area. Oakwood, Virginia at Curlie