The Pentagon, in Arlington County, across the Potomac River from Washington, D. C. is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. As a symbol of the U. S. military, the phrase The Pentagon is used as a metonym for the Department of Defense and its leadership. The building was designed by American architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain. Ground was broken on September 11, 1941, the building was dedicated on January 15, 1943. General Brehon Somervell provided the major motivating power behind the project. S. Army; the Pentagon is the world's largest office building, with about 6,500,000 sq ft of space, of which 3,700,000 sq ft are used as offices. Some 23,000 military and civilian employees, another 3,000 non-defense support personnel, work in the Pentagon, it has five sides, five floors above ground, two basement levels, five ring corridors per floor with a total of 17.5 mi of corridors. The central five-acre pentagonal plaza is nicknamed "ground zero" on the presumption that it would be a prime target in a nuclear war.
On September 11, 2001 60 years after the building's construction began, American Airlines Flight 77 was hijacked and flown into the western side of the building, killing 189 people, according to the 9/11 Commission Report. It was the first significant foreign attack on Washington's governmental facilities since the city was burned by the British during the War of 1812; the Pentagon is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark. The Pentagon building spans 28.7 acres, includes an additional 5.1 acres as a central courtyard. Starting with the north side and moving clockwise, its five façades are the Mall Terrace Entrance façade, the River Terrace Entrance façade, the Concourse Entrance façade, the South Parking Entrance façade, the Heliport façade. On the north side of the building, the Mall Entrance, which features a portico, leads out to a 600 ft long terrace, used for ceremonies; the River Entrance, which features a portico projecting out 20 ft, is on the northeast side, overlooking the lagoon and facing Washington.
A stepped terrace on the River Entrance leads down to the lagoon. The main entrance for visitors is on the southeast side, as are the Pentagon Metro station and the bus station. There is a concourse on the southeast side of the second floor of the building, which contains a mini-shopping mall; the south parking lot adjoins the southwest facade, the west side of the Pentagon faces Washington Boulevard. The concentric rings are designated from the center out as "A" through "E". "E" Ring offices are the only ones with outside views and are occupied by senior officials. Office numbers go clockwise around each of the rings, have two parts: a nearest-corridor number followed by a bay number, so office numbers range from 100 to 1099; these corridors radiate out from the central courtyard, with corridor 1 beginning with the Concourse's south end. Each numbered radial corridor intersects with the corresponding numbered group of offices. There are a number of historical displays in the building in the "A" and "E" rings.
Floors in the Pentagon are lettered "B" for Basement and "M" for Mezzanine, both of which are below ground level. The concourse is on the second floor at the Metro entrance. Above ground floors are numbered 1 to 5. Room numbers are given as the floor, concentric ring, office number. Thus, office 2B315 is on the second floor, B ring, nearest to corridor 3. One way to get to this office would be to go to the second floor, get to the A ring, go to and take corridor 3, turn left on ring B to get to bay 15, it is possible for a person to walk between any two points in the Pentagon in less than seven minutes. The complex includes eating and exercise facilities, meditation and prayer rooms. Tours for the public were suspended after the 2001 attack. Just south of the Pentagon are Pentagon City and Crystal City, extensive shopping and high-density residential districts in Arlington. Arlington National Cemetery is to the north; the Pentagon is surrounded by the complex Pentagon road network. The Pentagon has six Washington, DC ZIP Codes.
The Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the four service branches each have their own ZIP Code. Before the Pentagon was built, the United States Department of War was headquartered in the Munitions Building, a temporary structure erected during World War I along Constitution Avenue on the National Mall; the War Department, a civilian agency created to administer the U. S. Army, was spread out in additional temporary buildings on the National Mall, as well as dozens of other buildings in Washington, D. C. Maryland and Virginia. In the late 1930s, a new War Department Building was constructed at 21st and C Streets in Foggy Bottom but, upon completion, the new building did not solve the department's space problem and ended up being used by the Department of State; when World War II broke out in Europe, the War Department expanded in anticipation that the United States would be drawn into the conflict. Secretary of War H
Iraq the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Assyrians, Shabakis, Armenians, Mandeans and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan and Mandeanism present; the official languages of Iraq are Kurdish. Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf; these rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers known as Mesopotamia, is referred to as the cradle of civilisation.
It was here that mankind first began to read, create laws and live in cities under an organised government—notably Uruk, from which "Iraq" is derived. The area has been home to successive civilisations since the 6th millennium BC. Iraq was the centre of the Akkadian, Sumerian and Babylonian empires, it was part of the Median, Hellenistic, Sassanid, Rashidun, Abbasid, Mongol, Safavid and Ottoman empires. The country today known as Iraq was a region of the Ottoman Empire until the partition of the Ottoman Empire in the 20th century, it was made up of three provinces, called vilayets in the Ottoman language: Mosul Vilayet, Baghdad Vilayet, Basra Vilayet. In April 1920 the British Mandate of Mesopotamia was created under the authority of the League of Nations. A British-backed monarchy joining these vilayets into one Kingdom was established in 1921 under Faisal I of Iraq; the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic created.
Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion by the United States and its allies in 2003, Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power, multi-party parliamentary elections were held in 2005; the US presence in Iraq ended in 2011, but the Iraqi insurgency continued and intensified as fighters from the Syrian Civil War spilled into the country. Out of the insurgency came a destructive group calling itself ISIL, which took large parts of the north and west, it has since been defeated. Disputes over the sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan continue. A referendum about the full sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan was held on 25 September 2017. On 9 December 2017, then-Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over ISIL after the group lost its territory in Iraq. Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of one autonomous region; the country's official religion is Islam. Culturally, Iraq has a rich heritage and celebrates the achievements of its past in both pre-Islamic as well as post-Islamic times and is known for its poets.
Its painters and sculptors are among the best in the Arab world, some of them being world-class as well as producing fine handicrafts, including rugs and carpets. Iraq is a founding member of the UN as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF; the Arabic name العراق al-ʿIrāq has been in use since before the 6th century. There are several suggested origins for the name. One dates to the Sumerian city of Uruk and is thus of Sumerian origin, as Uruk was the Akkadian name for the Sumerian city of Urug, containing the Sumerian word for "city", UR. An Arabic folk etymology for the name is "well-watered. During the medieval period, there was a region called ʿIrāq ʿArabī for Lower Mesopotamia and ʿIrāq ʿAjamī, for the region now situated in Central and Western Iran; the term included the plain south of the Hamrin Mountains and did not include the northernmost and westernmost parts of the modern territory of Iraq. Prior to the middle of the 19th century, the term Eyraca Arabic was used to describe Iraq.
The term Sawad was used in early Islamic times for the region of the alluvial plain of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, contrasting it with the arid Arabian desert. As an Arabic word, عراق means "hem", "shore", "bank", or "edge", so that the name by folk etymology came to be interpreted as "the escarpment", viz. at the south and east of the Jazira Plateau, which forms the northern and western edge of the "al-Iraq arabi" area. The Arabic pronunciation is. In English, it is either or, the American Heritage Dictionary, the Random House Dictionary; the pronunciation is heard in US media. In accordance with the 2005 Constitution, the official name of the state is the "Republic of Iraq". Between 65,000 BC and 35,000 BC northern Iraq was home to a Neanderthal culture, archaeological remains of which have been discovered at Shanidar Cave This same region is the location of a number of pre-Neolithic cemeteries, dating from 11,000 BC. Since 10,000 BC, Iraq was one of centres of a Caucasoid Neolithic culture (k
Jewel-Osco is a supermarket chain headquartered in Itasca, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. Jewel-Osco has 187 stores across northern and western Illinois. Jewel-Osco and Jewel are wholly owned subsidiaries of Boise, Idaho-based Albertsons; the company started as a door-to-door coffee delivery service before it expanded into delivering non-perishable groceries and into grocery stores, supermarkets. Prior to its 1984 acquisition by American Stores, Jewel evolved into a large multi-state holding company that operated several supermarket chains and other non-food retail chain stores located from coast to coast and had operated under several different brand names. In 1899, Frank Vernon Skiff founded Jewel in Chicago, Illinois, as a door-to-door coffee delivery service. In 1902, Skiff partnered with his brother-in-law Frank P. Ross, renaming the venture the Jewel Tea Company. By 1903, they had six routes and 12 routes in 1904 with expansion into Michigan City and Kewanee. There were 850 routes by 1915. During World War I, the company faced soaring costs for materials and production and, compounding this problem, the U.
S. government commandeered a key Jewel production facility. As a result, by 1919 the company was experiencing severe financial setbacks. Within a few years, however, it returned to profitability through the leadership of new company officials, retired Commanders John M. Hancock and Maurice H. Karker, who had both gained extensive logistics experience as U. S. Navy supply officers during the war. In 1929, the company built a new office and coffee roasting facility in suburban Barrington, creating hundreds of local jobs despite the Great Depression; the Barrington location served as the headquarters and main warehouse facility for both the home delivery and food store divisions until the completion of the new warehouse and office complex at Melrose Park in 1953. In 1949, deliveries were provided on 1876 routes in 43 states to customers in small towns while customers in cities could go to 154 company owned grocery stores; the service expanded to include 350 grocery and 10,000 general merchandise items by 1981 when Jewel decided to sell its "Jewel Home Shopping Service" division to its employees and divest itself from its roots.
At the time of the divesture, the division provided service to customers in small towns located along 1000 routes in 42 states. The division became a 700-member owned cooperative called "J. T.'s General Store". In October 1994, a group of the company's managers acquired the assets of "J. T.'s General Store" and "created J. T. Dealers Sales and Service". By 1995, "J. T. Dealer Sales and Service" was providing service to 60,000 customers along 250 routes in 35 states; the company's expansion continued throughout the mid-20th century. In 1932, Jewel acquired the Chicago unit of the Canadian firm Loblaw Groceterias, Inc. a chain of 77 self-service stores, as well as four Chicago grocery stores operated by the Middle West Stores Company, began operating them under the name Jewel Food Stores. In 1934, Jewel Food Stores merged with Jewel Tea Company; the name of the parent company remained as the "Jewel Tea Company" until 1967 when the stockholders voted to change the name of the company to Jewel Companies, Inc. to better reflect the expansion of the into different markets.
In 1967, the company went its stock was traded on the Midwest Stock Exchange. In 1957, Jewel acquired the Champaign, Illinois-based Eisner Food Stores, located in downstate Illinois and in west central Indiana; this acquisition was significant since it was the first time Jewel maintained the new acquisition as a separate division within the Jewel organization with the acquired stores keeping their original names, setting the pattern for future acquisitions. After Jewel's hostile takeover by American Stores in 1984, American Stores decided to save money by merging Eisner directly into Jewel, converting all stores to the Jewel name and started to sell off the former Eisner properties. One of the first properties to let go was the former Eisner warehouse facility in Champaign in 1986. With the Champaign warehouse facility gone, many former Eisner locations became less profitable since they had to be serviced from the more distant Jewel warehouse at Melrose Park, justifying the elimination of those locations.
The west central Indiana stores, three in Lafayette and two in Bloomington, were sold off in 1990. Jewel closed central Illinois locations that were Eisner in Decatur, Champaign-Urbana, Springfield. In 1961, Jewel acquired two growing non-food related retail chains, Chicago-based Osco Drug stores, Brighton, Massachusetts-based Turn Style discount department stores, to complement their food store division when building one-stop shopping destinations, such as the new Family Centers and Jewel-Osco food-drug combinations; the acquisition of both Osco and Turn Style allowed Jewel to expand into non-food related retailing that would complement their existing food retailing business and to expand the geographic range of its main food distribution business since the non-food companies had a different geographical footprint. Jewel expanded into the home improvement retail market by acquiring Republic Lumber in 1972. During the 1960s, Jewel expanded by acquiring several chains. Jewel expanded their food store holdings by acquired Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Star Market in 1964 and the Great Falls, Montana-based Buttrey Food Stores in 1966 to added to their existing Jewel and Eisner food store chains.
The acquisition of Star Marke
Hy-Vee is a chain of more than 245 supermarkets located throughout the Midwestern United States in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, South Dakota, Wisconsin. Hy-Vee was founded in 1930 by Charles Hyde and David Vredenburg in Beaconsfield, Iowa, in a small brick building known as the Beaconsfield Supply Store, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the largest Hy-Vee stores are full-service supermarkets with bakeries, floral departments, dine-in and carryout food service and spirits, health clinics, HealthMarkets and coffee kiosks. The company maintains fuel stations with convenience stores, fitness centers, full service restaurants at some of its properties. Hy-Vee's largest store opened March 10, 2015, in Bloomington, with 108,000 square feet of retail space. Hy-Vee's longtime advertising slogan, "Where there's a helpful smile in every aisle," was adopted for the chain's first television commercial in 1963; the slogan became a jingle in the 1990s with music by James Poulsen. Starting in 1917, Vredenburg & Lewis, David Vredenburg's previous partnership, operated stores as part of the General Supply Company, an RLDS Church-owned company based in Lamoni, Iowa.
In 1921, Charles Hyde started working for the General Supply Company's store in Woodbine, operated by Vredenburg & Lewis. In 1922, the General Supply Company was formally incorporated. Vredenburg was president and Hyde a member of the board of directors. In 1924, Hyde started his own store in Cameron, Missouri. In 1927, Hyde purchased a half stake of a store in Kellerton, the other half being owned by the General Supply Company. In 1930, Vredenburg and Hyde started a separate partnership from the General Supply Company, named Supply Stores, opened their first store in Beaconsfield, Iowa. In 1932, The General Supply Company was dissolved because of effects of the Great Depression. Vredenburg purchased most of the former General Supply Company's remaining stores and mill. Both Hyde and Vredenburg operated other stores outside of their partnership. Hyde and Vredenburg's partnership was dissolved for six months in 1935 after Iowa enacted the Chain Tax Act of 1935, a heavy tax against chain stores, declared unconstitutional.
In 1938, Hyde & Vredenburg, Inc. was incorporated, with 15 stores in Iowa and Missouri. The incorporation consolidated all of Hyde's and Vredenburg's independently owned stores with the stores they had in their partnership; the company was headquartered in Lamoni. The new company's management plan involved autonomy for store managers, setting the stage for its eventual employee ownership. In 1945, Hyde & Vredenburg moved its corporate headquarters from Lamoni to Chariton, after acquiring the Chariton Wholesale Company; the Supply Store name, with each town's name preceding it, was still used on most stores until 1952. A few stores were named differently, with names such as Hyde's Service Store, Vredenburg's Grocery, Hyde & Vredenburg, all of which were changed in 1952; the Hy-Vee name, a contraction of Hyde and Vredenburg, was adopted in 1952 as the winning entry of an employee contest, with Joann Farrell, of Chariton, being the winner. The first store with the name opened in Fairfield, Iowa, in 1953.
In 1956, Hy-Vee introduced its first private label products, along with a new logo. In 1957, Hy-Vee opened its first in-store bakery at the Iowa City, store. In 1960, the company became employee-owned by the Employees’ Trust Fund; the slogan "Where There's a Helpful Smile in every Aisle" was first used in a TV commercial in 1963. The company's name was changed to Hy-Vee Food Stores, Inc. in 1963. In 1969, Hy-Vee expanded into Minnesota, after acquiring the Swanson Stores chain based in Cherokee, Iowa. In 1969, Hy-Vee opened its first Drug Town, a pharmacy separate from a regular store, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Hy-Vee had 66 stores at the end of 1969. Hy-Vee continued expanding during the 1970s and 1980s, opening stores in South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas. In 1975, Hy-Vee's 100th store, its first to use electronic cash registers, opened in Keokuk, Iowa. By the end of 1989 Hy-Vee had 172 stores in seven states. In 1994, Hy-Vee updated its logo to the one used today. In 1995 Hy-Vee moved its corporate headquarters from Chariton to West Des Moines, while shortening its name to Hy-Vee, Inc.
The company's primary distribution center is still in Chariton. At the turn of the century, Hy-Vee increased its focus on customers' healthy lifestyles. HealthMarket private-label products were introduced in 2001; the company began its initiative to provide customers with the services of corporate and in-store dietitians. Stores began offering an expanded line of ethnic foods to the Midwest's diverse population. Online shopping capabilities expanded in 2005, with a redesigned Hy-Vee website offering online shopping for such items as holiday meals, floral arrangements and catering selections. Hy-Vee was selected as Progressive Grocer's Retailer of the Year in 2003. Drug Town stores were renamed Hy-Vee Drugstores in 2005. Hy-Vee celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2005 with the publication of a second company history book. In 2007, Hy-Vee's first store, in Beaconsfield, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. In fiscal year 2009, Hy-Vee had sales exceeding $6.3 billion. M
Sam's West, Inc. is an American chain of membership-only retail warehouse clubs owned and operated by Walmart Inc. founded in 1983 and named after Walmart founder Sam Walton. As of 2012, Sam's Club chain serves 47 million U. S. members and is the 8th largest U. S. retailer. As of January 31, 2019, Sam's Club ranks second in sales volume among warehouse clubs with $57.839 billion in sales behind rival Costco Wholesale. Sam's Club had sales of $57.157 billion in FY 2014. It reported a 0.3% sales increase in 2014, 4.1% in 2013, 8.4% sales increase in 2012. This is higher growth than Walmart U. S. stores, which have not had higher than 2% growth since 2010. Its major competitors are BJ's Wholesale Club; as of January 31, 2019, Sam's Club operates 599 membership warehouse clubs in 44 U. S. states. Alaska, Oregon, Rhode Island and Washington are the only states where Sam's Club does not operate, as is the case for the District of Columbia. Walmart International operates Sam's Club stores in Mexico and China.
It has 163 locations in Mexico, 23 in China.. Walmart Brazil, de-consolidated from Walmart in August 2018 operates Sam's Clubs in Brazil. Locations range in size from 34,000–168,000 sq ft, with an average club size of 134,000 sq ft. There were Sam's Club locations in Canada, six located in Ontario, in which the last location closed in 2009. On January 11, 2018, Sam’s Club announced the permanent closure of select stores. In a number of cases, employees showed up to work and found the doors locked and a notice saying that the store would be soon liquidated. Walmart told Business Insider that 63 Sam’s Club stores would begin liquidating across the country, including in Arizona, Illinois, New York and Texas. According to Business Insider, the Sam's Club closings and plans to convert some stores into e-commerce fulfillment centers as announced in January 2018 are part of Walmart's growing commitment to online retailing that will allow it to better compete with its rival Amazon; the first Sam's Club opened on April 1983, in Midwest City, Oklahoma in the United States.
In 1987, Sam's Club made its first acquisition by purchasing West Monroe, Louisiana-based SuperSaver Wholesale Warehouse Club. The stores were owned by his son John. In 1989, Sam's Club entered New Jersey with a club in Delran in a former Two Guys/Jefferson Ward store; this was Walmart's first expansion into the Northeast. The first Walmart discount store in New Jersey opened in 1991 in Turnersville; the company entered the Pennsylvania market in 1990. In 1993, Walmart acquired PACE Membership Warehouse from Kmart and converted many PACE locations into Sam's Clubs. Sam's Club entered the Canadian market in Ontario in 2003; the latest flagship club opening as of September 13, 2007, was in Arkansas. The largest Sam's Club is located in Pineville, North Carolina with 185,000 sq ft of retail space, an Incredible Universe. On September 24, 2006, Sam's Club received a new logo; the new logo has an updated serif font and features a green and blue diamond inside the big blue diamond found above the word'Sam's'.
Sam's Club's previous slogan was "We Are In Business For Small Business" until 2006. In December 2007, Sam's Club launched a new slogan, "Enjoy the Possibilities". Since it became an official advertising slogan, mentioned in television and radio advertisements, but it is not mentioned on its website; as of January 2008, the "Enjoy the Possibilities" slogan was no longer in use. Sam's Club launched their latest slogan "Savings Made Simple" in the fourth quarter of 2009. Starting in April 2007, there was speculation of a possible sale or spinoff of Sam's Club from parent company Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. At Walmart's 2007 annual shareholder's meeting in June, management said that Sam's Club is not for sale, although they did not say they are not considering a spinoff. On February 26, 2009, Walmart Canada announced that it would be closing all six of its Canadian Sam's Club locations; this was part of Walmart Canada's decision to shift focus towards supercentres, but some industry observers suggested that the operation was struggling in competition with Costco and the non-membership The Real Canadian Superstore, that had a well-established history in the country.
Sam's Club rebranded the two as yet unopened locations as new Walmart Supercentres. In January 2010, it was announced, including four in California. At the same time, Sam's opened six new clubs at various locations in the United States. On January 24, 2010, it was announced that 11,200 Sam's Club employees would be laid off; the layoffs resulted from the decision to outsource product sampling duties to an outside company and to eliminate New Business Membership Representative positions throughout the chain. Most of the laid-off employees were part-time and represented about 10% of the total Sam's Club workforce. Rosalind Brewer was named as the new CEO for Sam's Club, a change that came into effect on February 1, 2012. On January 24, 2014, it was announced that Walmart will cut 2,300 jobs at the underperforming Sam's Club locations. On February 1, 2017, John Furner replaced Brewer as CEO of Sam's Club. On January 11, 2018, Walmart announce
The TaxSlayer Center is a 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena located in Moline, Illinois. The arena has garnered numerous architectural industry awards since its construction; the facility opened in May 1993, under the name The MARK of the Quad Cities with the singer Neil Diamond as the opening act. The facility was renamed as the TaxSlayer Center on October 1, 2017, it is the home to the revived Quad City Steamwheelers of the Indoor Football League and the Quad City Storm in the Southern Professional Hockey League. The arena has hosted NCAA Division I college basketball games in addition to several NHL and NBA exhibition contests; the Missouri Valley Conference has hosted their Women's Basketball Tournament 2016, 2017, 2018. The now-defunct Quad City Thunder basketball team played all their home games at the TaxSlayer Center from 1993 until the Continental Basketball Association folded eight years later. Hockey has been played at the arena since 1995; the Quad City Mallards of the United Hockey League played the first 12 years.
They were replaced by the Quad City Flames of the American Hockey League for two seasons before moving to Abbotsford, British Columbia. After the Flames left, the Quad City Mallards were reincarnated in 2009 and played home games at the arena until 2018. In May 2018, two months after the Quad City Mallards ceased operations, TaxSlayer Center director Scott Mullen and former Mallards' owner Howard Cornfield announced a Southern Professional Hockey League team called the Quad City Storm would play the 2018–19 season. In 2009, Western Illinois University's club hockey team, the Fighting Leathernecks, began playing there for four games per season. From 2000 to 2009, the arena played host to arena football as the home of the af2's Quad City Steamwheelers, who won the first two Arena Cup championships in league history; the Steamwheelers came back in 2018 in Champions Indoor Football before joining the Indoor Football League for the 2019 season. The arena seats up to 12,000 for end-stage concerts along with center-stage concerts.
It takes only six hours to convert the center into a theater. The seating capacity is 3,000 for theater shows, including Broadway shows and family shows; the center has hosted professional wrestling events, including the 1997 Great American Bash and 2015 King of the Ring pay-per-views, numerous broadcasts of World Wrestling Entertainment programming, including Raw, ECW and SmackDown. The arena contains 31,000 square feet of arena floor space, allowing the arena to be used for trade shows and conventions; the attendance record was set in 1996. In August 2005, iWireless, announced a 10-year agreement with The MARK and the Illinois Quad City Civic Center Authority to secure naming rights to the arena; the name change to the "iWireless Center" occurred July 19, 2007. The naming rights agreement with iWireless was extended for two more years in July 2017. In September of the same year it was announced that TaxSlayer.com bought the naming rights and the facility would be known as the TaxSlayer Center beginning on October 1, 2017.
List of convention centers in the United States Official website
Modern Woodmen Park
Modern Woodmen Park, is a minor league baseball venue located in Davenport, United States. It is home to the Quad Cities River Bandits, a Class-A affiliate of the Houston Astros. Located on the banks of the Mississippi River, in the shadow of the Centennial Bridge, home run balls to right field land in the river; as night games became more necessary, Davenport teams were playing at the Mississippi Valley Fairgrounds, without lights. The city of Davenport realized a lighted stadium, downtown, on the riverfront, would be ideal. Proposed by the Davenport Levee Commission, Municipal Stadium opened May 26, 1931 within LeClaire Park; the ballpark was built at a cost of $185,000. The first night game was June 4, 1931. Expansions in the 1940s and in 1962, brought capacity up to 8,500 respectively, it is one of the oldest ballparks still in use in all of the minor leagues, although it underwent a major renovation before the 1989 season, lowering the seating capacity to 5,200 and before the 2004 season that brought the ballpark up to modern professional baseball standards and a seating capacity of 4,024.
On May 27, 1971, the stadium was renamed John O'Donnell Stadium in honor of the longtime sports editor of the Davenport Times-Democrat, shortly following his death. John O'Donnell Stadium was renamed Modern Woodmen Park on December 12, 2007, after Rock Island-based Modern Woodmen of America purchased the naming rights to the facility. O'Donnell's name remains on the ballpark's press box. For many years, Modern Woodmen Park played host to football games in the fall. Both Assumption High School and Saint Ambrose College called the field home until 1987, when both schools began playing at Brady Street Stadium; the football bleachers and press box along left field were removed in 1989. Renovations done before the 2004 season included a nine-foot-high berm that provided a lawn seating area for fans; the berm acted as a flood wall around the entire stadium. Until that point, the facility had no flood protection from Mississippi River flooding, which caused the team to play home games at other parks during river floods.
During the Great Flood of 1993, photos of water creeping across the playing field at the ballpark made national publications and became somewhat of a symbol of the flood. After the 2007 season, new owners Dave Heller and Bob Herrfeldt of Main Street Baseball came in and reinvigorated both the ballpark and the franchise, they sold naming rights to Modern Woodmen in a record 20-year deal, changed the name of the franchise back to "River Bandits," and made numerous improvements to the ballpark. In 2008, the club added a hot tub deck in right field, as well as a "tiki village," featuring three tiki bars, a covered tiki lounge, a king-sized tiki bed beyond the right field wall, they excavated a gravel area along the left-field foul line and planted field corn. For 2009, Main Street Baseball continued to make improvements, adding a new 80-foot-long, 6-foot-tall high-definition ribbon board along the right field fence and installing four new concourse-level "loge boxes" to accommodate small groups of people.
Prior to the 2010 season, the City of Davenport and Main Street Baseball replaced the entire field, to facilitate proper drainage and minimize rain outs. Other new changes for 2010 included a new concession stand on the Picnic Plaza level and a new group terrace next to the Tiki Village beyond the right-center field fence. In 2014, the facility received another noteworthy addition, as a 110-foot Ferris wheel was constructed just beyond the left field wall. In 2017, the park added a double-decker carousel purchased from Pier 39 in San Francisco. For both the 2008 and 2009 seasons, Modern Woodmen Park won the "Best Ballpark Improvement" Award from Ballparkdigest.com, the industry's leading publication. In 2013, the park was voted as the top minor-league ballpark in the United States in a USA Today and 10best.com reader poll. Modern Woodmen Park beat second place Louisville Slugger Field by around 2,000 votes. In 2018, Modern Woodmen Park finished third in the "Best View in the Minors" competition, finishing behind El Paso's Southwest University Park and Altoona's Peoples Natural Gas Field.
The River Bandits defeated the Burlington Bees, 1–0, in the first game at the renovated Modern Woodmen Park on April 29, 2004. The 2006 and 2011 Midwest League All-Star Games were held at Modern Woodmen Park; the ballpark hosted Midwest League All-Star Games in 1964, 1968, 1975, 1980, 1982 and 1990, giving the facility a total of eight. In the summer of 2007, portions of the critically acclaimed film Sugar was shot at the park; this included 800–1,000 people a night showing up to be extras. The movie follows the path of a young man from the impoverished Dominican Republic as he chases dreams of baseball stardom in America; the stadium was the site of the "Rumble on the Riverbank" boxing match on May 10, 1991. Michael Nunn, a Davenport native, lost the IBF middleweight title to James Toney."Mississippi River Jam II" was held on June 3, 1979 featuring AC/DC, Heart, UFO TKO and Nazareth. The facility has hosted many concerts by many artists, including: Johnny Cash, The Beach Boys, Johnny Winter, Bryan Adams, Def Leppard, REO Speedwagon, Blue Öyster Cult, Eddie Money, Edgar Winter Group and Lonestar.
Johnny Cash played at the stadium twice, in 1974 and 1976, drawing over 10,000 each time and playing for free. On October 1, 1936 an exhibition game featuring major-league players and Negro National League All St