Catoosa County, Georgia
Catoosa County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,942; the county seat is Ringgold. The county was created on December 5, 1853; the meaning of the Cherokee language name "Catoosa" is obscure. Catoosa County is part of the TN -- GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. On April 27, 2011, a devastating tornado touched down in the town of Ringgold, located in Catoosa County, leaving a path of severe destruction. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 162 square miles, of which 162 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. The entire county is located in the Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin. Hamilton County, Tennessee Whitfield County Walker County Chattahoochee National Forest Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park As of the census of 2000, there were 53,282 people, 20,425 households, 15,400 families residing in the county; the population density was 328 people per square mile.
There were 21,794 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.39% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,425 households of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.60% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,998, the median income for a family was $45,710. Males had a median income of $31,746 versus $23,790 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,009. About 6.40% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 63,942 people, 24,475 households, 17,785 families residing in the county; the population density was 394.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 26,606 housing units at an average density of 164.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.6% white, 2.2% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. Of the 24,475 households, 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $46,544 and the median income for a family was $54,796. Males had a median income of $39,962 versus $31,505 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,563. About 8.5% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. As of 2016 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Catoosa County, Georgia are: Catoosa County Public Schools Catoosa County elementary schools: Battlefield Elementary, Battlefield Primary, Boynton Elementary, Cloud Springs Elementary, Graysville Elementary, Ringgold Elementary, Ringgold Primary, Tiger Creek Elementary, West Side Elementary, Woodstation Elementary. Catoosa County middle schools: Heritage Middle School, Lakeview Middle School, Ringgold Middle School. Catoosa County high schools: Heritage High School, Lakeview-Fort Oglethorpe High School, Performance Learning Center, Ringgold High School.
Fort Oglethorpe Ringgold Tunnel Hill Indian Springs Lakeview Graysville Shawn Mullins' 2010 album Light You Up included a song titled "Catoosa County", a semi-fictional account of the Civil War conflicts that took place in the county. 2011 Super Outbreak National Register of Historic Places listings in Catoosa County, Georgia Northwest Georgia Joint Development Authority Official website Catoosa county, GA, genealogy Catoosa County historical marker Old Stone Presbyterian Church historical marker
Cleveland is a city in Bradley County, United States. The population was 41,285 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat and largest city in Bradley County, the principal city of the Cleveland, Tennessee metropolitan area, included in the Chattanooga–Cleveland–Dalton, TN–GA–AL Combined Statistical Area. Cleveland is the fourteenth-largest city in Tennessee and the fifth-largest industrially, having thirteen Fortune 500 manufacturers. Long before the time of European encounter, this area was part of a large territory occupied by the Cherokee Nation, which extended into the South to present-day western North Carolina and Alabama. During and after the American Revolutionary War, European Americans came into increasing conflict with the Cherokee by migrating west of the Appalachian Mountains and encroaching on Cherokee territory; the Cherokee had resisted settlers who tried to take over their territory. In 1819, the Cherokee Agency— the official liaison between the U. S. government and the Cherokee Nation— was moved to the Hiwassee area, a few miles north of what is now Cleveland.
The Indian agent was Colonel Return J. Meigs. Charleston and Blythe Ferry were both important sites during the Cherokee Removal in the late 1830s; the legislative act that created Bradley County in 1836 authorized the establishment of a county seat, to be named "Cleveland" after Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolution. The commissioners chose "Taylor's Place," the home of Andrew Taylor, as the location for the county seat, due to the site's excellent water sources. By 1838, Cleveland had a population of 400, was home to two churches, a school for boys, the Oak Grove Academy; the city was incorporated on February 4, 1842, elections for mayor and aldermen were held shortly afterward. Cleveland grew following the arrival of the railroad in the 1850s. While bitterly divided over the issue of secession on the eve of the Civil War, like Bradley County and most of East Tennessee, voted against Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession in June 1861.
The railroad bridge over the Hiwassee River to the north was among those destroyed by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Cleveland was occupied by the Confederate Army from 1861 to 1863. During the 1870s, Cleveland had a growth spurt, became one of the first cities in Tennessee to experience the effects of the Industrial Revolution in the United States; the city's iconic Craigmiles Hall was constructed in 1878 as an opera meeting hall. Numerous factories were established, including the Hardwick Stove Company in 1879, the Cleveland Woolen Mills in 1880, the Cleveland Chair Company in 1884. By 1890, this industrialization helped the city support nine physicians, twelve attorneys, eleven general stores, fourteen grocery stores, three drug stores, three hardware stores, six butcher shops, two hatmakers, two hotels, a shoe store, seven saloons. A mule-drawn trolley system was established in 1886, the city received telephone service in 1888. In 1895 the city received public water.
During this period, Cleveland's population more than doubled from 1,812 in 1880 to 3,643 in 1900. Many of the buildings in today's downtown area, now considered the Cleveland Commercial Historic District, as well as the nearby Ocoee Street and Centenary Avenue Historic Districts, were constructed between 1880 and 1915. In 1918, the Church of God, a Christian denomination headquartered in Cleveland, established a Bible school that would develop as Lee University. Cleveland's Chamber of Commerce was established in 1925; the city had postwar growth when several major factories were constructed in the area following World War II. As a result, the city has expanded much to the north and northwest; the historic business district is now in the southern portion of the current town. Cleveland is located in southeast Tennessee in the center of Bradley County situated among a series of low hills and ridges 15 miles west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and 15 miles east of the Chickamauga Lake impoundment of the Tennessee River.
The Hiwassee River, which flows down out of the mountains and forms the northern boundary of Bradley County, empties into the Tennessee a few miles northwest of Cleveland. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total land area of 26.9 square miles in 2010. The city's terrain is made up of parallel ridges, including Candies Creek Ridge, Mouse Creek/Lead Mine Ridge, Blue Springs Ridge, which are extensions of the Appalachian Mountains that run north-northeast through the city. Several streams run in the valleys between the ridges including Candies Creek, located west of Clingan Ridge, South Mouse Creek, between Mouse Creek and Lead Mine Ridge. Mouse Creek and Blue Springs Ridge have lower elevations within the city of Cleveland than elsewhere in Bradley County, which made the area easier to settle. Cleveland is unofficially referred to as consisting of five major regions: Downtown Cleveland, Northern Cleveland, Western Cleveland, East Cleveland, South Cleveland. East and South Cleveland are census-designated places within the city limits.
There are no official borders between the other divisions. Downtown Cleveland, which coexists with the Cleveland Commercial Historic District, encompasses the business district and consists of private businesses and g
Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, Missouri to the northwest; the Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017; the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was part of North Carolina, part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861.
Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war. Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined. Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disenfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting; this reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge; this city was established to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II.
Tennessee's major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the state's primary agricultural products, major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, electrical equipment; the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the nation's most visited national park, is headquartered in the eastern part of the state, a section of the Appalachian Trail follows the Tennessee-North Carolina border. Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium in Chattanooga; the earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through an American Indian village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee; the town was located on a river of the same name, appears on maps as early as 1725. It is not known whether this was the same town as the one encountered by Juan Pardo, although recent research suggests that Pardo's "Tanasqui" was located at the confluence of the Pigeon River and the French Broad River, near modern Newport.
The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Some accounts suggest, it has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". According to ethnographer James Mooney, the name "can not be analyzed" and its meaning is lost; the modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. The spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country" in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee; when a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new state out of the Southwest Territory, it adopted "Tennessee" as the name of the state. Tennessee is known as The Volunteer State, a nickname some claimed was earned during the War of 1812 because of the prominent role played by volunteer soldiers from Tennessee during the Battle of New Orleans.
Other sources differ on the origin of the state nickname. This explanation is more because President Polk's call for 2,600 nationwide volunteers at the beginning of the Mexican–American War resulted in 30,000 volunteers from Tennessee alone in response to the death of Davy Crockett and appeals by former Tennessee Governor and Texas politician, Sam Houston. Tennessee borders eight other states: Virginia to the north. Tennessee is tied with Missouri as the state bordering the most other states; the state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
U.S. Route 76 in Georgia
U. S. Route 76 is an 150.7-mile-long east–west U. S. highway in the U. S. state of Georgia. It begins at the Tennessee state line, east of Lakeview, where the roadway continues concurrent with US-41/SR-8 toward Chattanooga, it ends at the South Carolina state line. In Georgia, the highway travels within portions of Catoosa, Murray, Fannin, Union and Rabun counties, it travels through North Georgia and connects Ringgold, Chatsworth, Blue Ridge and Clayton. Most of the highway is part of the Lookout Mountain Scenic Highway, a highway that travels through northern Georgia and through the Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest. US 76 traverses the northern part of the state and passes through the Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest and Georgia's most mountainous region. US 76 passes through Catoosa, Murray, Fannin, Union and Rabun counties; the road that would be designated as US 76 was established at least as early as 1919 as part of SR 3 from the Tennessee state line to Dalton, SR 2 from Dalton to Clayton, farther to the east.
Georgia's 1921 state map didn't show the Chatsworth–Blairsville segment of SR 2. However, it did show SR 2 on a proposed path from Clayton to Pine Mountain, it showed SR 65 proposed along the current path of SR 28 from Pine Mountain to the South Carolina state line. By the end of 1926, SR 2 was paved from Blue Ridge to a point about halfway between there and Blairsville; the proposed section, east of Clayton, was removed from the map By the beginning of 1932, SR 3 was paved from the Tennessee state line to Dalton. US 41 was established along this segment. SR 2 was paved from Blairsville to Hiawassee. SR 2 was built from Chatsworth to Ellijay. SR 5 was designated along the Ellijay–Blue Ridge segment. In January, SR 2/SR 5 were paved from about Cherry Log to Blue Ridge. By August, SR 2 was built from Clayton to the South Carolina state line on its current alignment. By January 1935, US 76 was designated along SR 2 from Chatsworth to Blairsville and from just east of Hiawassee to Clayton, it is unclear if US 76 was designated between the Hiawassee area or east of Clayton.
Between July and October, US 76/SR 2/SR 5 were paved from Ellijay to Cherry Log. By October 1936, US 76/SR 2 were paved from Dalton to Chatsworth. At the end of the year, there were two small sections of US 76/SR 2 just west of Blairsville and just west of Clayton, that were paved. By the middle of January 1938, a small section, in the vicinity of Lake Burton, was paved; the middle of the next year had the section of US 76/SR 2 from the Fanning–Union county line to Blairsville was paved. That year, a small section of US 76/SR 2, from just east of Lake Burton to Clayton, was paved. In the beginning of 1940, the paved section near Lake Burton was expanded slightly. By October, US 76/SR 2 were paved from east of the location of the current SR 197 intersection to Clayton. At the end of the year, US 76/SR 2 were paved from Hiawassee to the approximate location of where the Appalachian Trail crosses the highway today. In 1946, US 76 was designated along SR 2 from Dalton to Chatsworth. By the middle of 1948, SR 2 was paved from Clayton to about halfway between there and the South Carolina state line.
The beginning of the next year found US 76 was designated along the section of SR 3 from Ringgold to Dalton. SR 2 was moved to an alignment near the Tennessee state line, traveling through modern-day Varnell and Crandall. SR 52 took its place between Ellijay; the entire section of US 76/SR 52, from Chatsworth to Ellijay, was paved. By the end of 1950, US 76/SR 2 were paved from Hiawassee to just east of the Towns–Rabun county line. SR 2 was paved from Clayton to the South Carolina state line. By the middle of 1954, the entire length of roadway, from Tennessee to South Carolina, was paved. 1957 found SR 282 built along the current path of US 76, but only from the Murray–Gilmer county line to Ellijay. By 1966, US 76 was designated along US 41/SR 3 from Tennessee to Dalton. In 1969, SR 282 was extended west to an intersection with US 411/SR 61 southeast of Ramhurst. In 1971, US 76/SR 52 were rerouted west of Chatsworth. Before, they bypassed Spring Place. Northwest of the town, they were routed south into town and entered Chatsworth farther south than it did.
The former route was redesignated as SR 52 Connector. In 1981, US 76 was rerouted between Ellijay. In Chatsworth, US 76 turned south-southeast, along US 411/SR 61. In Ramhurst, it turned east onto a re-routed SR 282 and followed that route to Ellijay. In 1987, US 76/SR 2 between Hemp and Blairsville was routed on a farther-north, more direct, path. In 1989, SR 515 was signed along US 76 from East Ellijay to northeast of Young Harris, as it is today. U. S. Route 76 Truck is a short truck detour around a low railroad bridge in Ringgold, concurrent with US 41 Truck for its entire length, only 0.5 miles. The highway begins at an intersection with US 41/US 76/SR 2/SR 3 in downtown Ringgold. At this intersection, they begin a concurrency with SR 151, which ends a concurrency with the main highways. US 41 Truck, US 76 Truck, SR 151 travel to the north-northeast on Tennessee Street, they turn right onto High Street. They travel to the east-southeast and cross over some railroad tracks of CSX. At an intersection with SR 151 Spur, they turn right onto that highway.
The three highways curve to the southeast. A
Hamilton County, Tennessee
Hamilton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 336,463, making it the fourth-most populous county in Tennessee, its county seat is Chattanooga. The county was named for the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton County is part of TN-GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hamilton County was formed on October 25, 1819 from portions of Rhea County and Cherokee Nation land, it was named after Alexander Hamilton, an officer in the American Revolutionary War, member of the Continental Congress, the first US Secretary of Treasury, one of the founding fathers of the United States. Hamilton County was the site of an important saltpeter mine during the Civil War. Saltpeter was obtained by leaching the earth from caves. Lookout Mountain Cave was a major source of saltpeter during the Civil War; the mine was operated by Robert Cravens. In May 1861, Cravens contracted with the Tennessee Military and Financial Board to deliver 20,000 pounds of saltpeter.
On the 24th of the same month, he reported that he had ten hoppers set up in his cave. Cravens was mining Nickajack Cave in nearby Marion County. In 1862 he quit mining at Lookout Mountain Cave and rented the cave to the Confederate Nitre and Mining Bureau, which mined the cave from June 1862 through July 1863. Mining ceased when Chattanooga was occupied by Federal forces in 1863. In 1919 James County, Tennessee went bankrupt and became a part of Hamilton County in April 1919. James County had been established by the Tennessee General Assembly in January 1871 and was named after Reverend Jesse J. James. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 576 square miles, of which 542 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water. Hamilton County is one of the few counties in the United States to border 10 other counties. Raccoon Mountain Caverns is a show cave located 8 miles northwest of downtown Chattanooga, it was explored in 1929 by Leo Lambert who developed trails and installed lights and opened the cave to the public on June 28, 1931.
The cave was opened under the name Tennessee Caverns. The operators of the cave claim; the Crystal Caverns Cave Spider, Nesticus furtivus, is only known from this one cave. Cave guides will spot one of these rare spiders and point it out to the tourists. Ruby Falls Cave is a show cave located on the side of Lookout Mountain south of downtown Chattanooga, it was discovered by accident on December 28, 1928 when it was intersected by an elevator shaft, being drilled to develop Lookout Mountain Cave as a commercial cave. Ruby Falls Cave was intersected at a depth of 260 from the surface and Lookout Mountain Cave was reached at a depth of 420 feet below the surface; the entire project was the work of cave developer Leo Lambert. He named the new cave's waterfall after his wife Ruby; the lower cave, Lookout Mountain Cave, opened to the public on December 30, 1929. Ruby Falls opened to the public on June 16, 1930. Ruby Falls Cave, with its spectacular waterfall proved the more popular of the two caves and it is the only cave open to the public at the present time.
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Booker T. Washington State Park Chickamauga Wildlife Management Area Cumberland Trail Falling Water Falls State Natural Area Harrison Bay State Park North Chickamauga Creek State Natural Area I-24 I-75 US 11 US 27 US 41 US 64 US 72 US 74 US 76 US 127 SR 2 SR 17 SR 27 SR 58 SR 60 SR 111 SR 153 SR 307 SR 312 SR 317 SR 319 SR 320 SR 321 Hamilton County has a County Mayor and nine districts, each of which elect a Commissioner to serve on the county's legislative County Commission. Hamilton County has an elected Sheriff. Recent past sheriffs: Jerry Pitts 1976-78 H. Q. Evatt 1978-1994 John Cupp 1994-2006 Billy Long 2006-08 Jim Hammond 2008-current As of the census of 2000, there were 307,896 people, 124,444 households, 83,750 families residing in the county; the population density was 568 people per square mile. There were 134,692 housing units at an average density of 248 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.32% White, 20.14% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races.
1.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 124,444 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,930, the median income for a family was $48,037. Males had a median income of $35,413 versus $24,505 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,593.
About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over. Politically, Hamilton County is conservative. Along with
Dalton metropolitan area, Georgia
The Dalton Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in northwestern Georgia, anchored by the city of Dalton. At the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 142,227; the MSA is included in the Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA-AL Combined Statistical Area Murray Whitfield Carters Chatsworth Cisco Cohutta Crandall Dalton Eton Rocky Face Tilton Tunnel Hill Varnell At the 2000 census, there were 120,031 people, 42,671 households and 32,412 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 85.30% White, 2.87% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.16% from other races, 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.02% of the population. The median household income was $38,187 and the median family income was $43,404. Males had a median income of $29,967 versus $23,372 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $17,373. Georgia census statistical areas