Book of Ruth
It is named after its central figure, Ruth the Moabitess, the great-grandmother of David. The book tells of Ruths accepting the God of the Israelites as her God, in Ruth 1, 16-17, Ruth tells Naomi, her Israelite mother-in-law, Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God, where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the Lord deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you, the book is held in esteem by Jews who fall under the category of Jews-by-choice, as is evidenced by the considerable presence of Boaz in rabbinic literature. The Book of Ruth functions liturgically, as it is read during the Jewish holiday of Shavuot, Elimelech died, and the sons married two Moabite women, Mahlon married Ruth and Chilion married Orpah. After about ten years, the two sons of Naomi died in Moab, Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem. She told her daughters-in-law to return to their own mothers and remarry, the two women returned to Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest, and in order to support her mother-in-law and herself, Ruth went to the fields to glean.
As it happened, the field she went to belonged to a man named Boaz, Ruth told Naomi of Boazs kindness, and she gleaned in his field through the remainder of barley and wheat harvest. Boaz was a relative of Naomis husbands family. He was therefore obliged by the Levirate law to marry Mahlons widow, Ruth, in order to carry on his familys inheritance. Naomi sent Ruth to the floor at night and told her to go where he slept, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down. Boaz asked her who she was, and she replied, I Ruth thine handmaid, spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid, for thou a near kinsman. Boaz blessed her and agreed to do all that is required and he acknowledged that he was a close relative, but that there was one who was closer, and she remained in submission at his feet until she returned into the city in the morning. Early that day, Boaz went to the city gate to meet with the other male relative before the town elders, the relative is not named, Boaz addresses him as Friend, peloni almoni, literally so and so.
The Expanded Bibles editors comment that the man is not named, the unnamed relative was unwilling to jeopardize the inheritance of his own estate by marrying Ruth, and so relinquished his right of redemption, thus allowing Boaz to marry Ruth. They transferred the property and redeemed it, ratified by the nearer kinsman taking off his shoe and Ruth were married and had a son named Obed, who is the father of Jesse, the father of David. The book concludes with an appendix which links Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, the book does not name its author. It is traditionally ascribed to the prophet Samuel, but according to Leslie Allen this cannot be correct, a substantial number of scholars date it to the Persian period
George Morgan (singer)
George Thomas Morgan was a mid-20th-century American country music singer. He is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame, Morgan was born to Zachariah Zach Morgan and Ethel Turner in Waverly, but was raised in Barberton, Ohio. He was, along with a few other contemporaries, referred to as a country crooner and he had several hits based on a rose theme, Room Full of Roses, Red Roses For A Blue Lady, and Red Roses From the Blue Side of Town. His version of Almost, written by Vic McAlpin and Jack Toombs, was Morgans second million selling record, in the early 1950s he hosted a 15-minute radio program syndicated nationally by RadiOzark Enterprises in Springfield, Missouri. In 1974, Morgan was the last person to sing on the stage of the Ryman Auditorium before the Grand Ole Opry moved to the new Grand Ole Opry House, a week he was the first to sing on stage at the venue. He died in 1975 of an attack after undergoing open heart surgery and was interred in the Spring Hill Cemetery in Madison. His daughter, country music singer Lorrie Morgan, released two songs as duets with her father dubbed in, Im Completely Satisfied and From This Moment On.
ARoom Full of Roses peaked at No.25 on the Billboard Hot 100, allmusic Morgans Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum page
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry. These forms and styles can be enjoyed and performed by people with little or no musical training and it stands in contrast to both art music and traditional or folk music. Art music was historically disseminated through the performances of music, although since the beginning of the recording industry. Traditional music forms such as blues songs or hymns were passed along orally, or to smaller. The original application of the term is to music of the 1880s Tin Pan Alley period in the United States, although popular music sometimes is known as pop music, the two terms are not interchangeable. Popular music songs and pieces typically have easily singable melodies, in the 2000s, with songs and pieces available as digital sound files, it has become easier for music to spread from one country or region to another. Some popular music forms have become global, while others have an appeal within the culture of their origin.
Through the mixture of genres, new popular music forms are created to reflect the ideals of a global culture. The examples of Africa and the Middle East show how Western pop music styles can blend with local traditions to create new hybrid styles. Sales of recordings or sheet music are one measure and Manuel note that this definition has problems because multiple listens or plays of the same song or piece are not counted. Manuel states that one criticism of music is that it is produced by large media conglomerates and passively consumed by the public. He claims that the listeners in the scenario would not have been able to make the choice of their favorite music, understandings of popular music have changed with time. A societys popular music reflects the ideals that are prevalent at the time it is performed or published, david Riesman states that the youth audiences of popular music fit into either a majority group or a subculture. The majority group listens to the commercially produced styles while the subcultures find a minority style to transmit their own values and this allows youth to choose what music they identify with, which gives them power as consumers to control the market of popular music.
Form in popular music is most often sectional, the most common sections being verse, chorus or refrain, other common forms include thirty-two-bar form, chorus form *, and twelve-bar blues. Popular music songs are rarely composed using different music for each stanza of the lyrics, the verse and chorus are considered the primary elements. Each verse usually has the melody, but the lyrics change for most verses. The chorus usually has a phrase and a key lyrical line which is repeated
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, events and it is known for its music charts, including the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows, Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegens interest in 1900 for $500, in the 1900s, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows. It created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegans children, until it was sold to investors in 1985.
The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 1,1894 by William Donaldson, initially, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry and was called Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production, the first issues were just eight pages long. The paper had columns like The Bill Room Gossip and The Indefatigable, a department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896. The title was changed to The Billboard in 1897, after a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegans interest in the business in 1900 for $500, to save it from bankruptcy. That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco, London and he re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment like fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of events in 1901.
Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism, economics and it had a stage gossip column covering the private lives of entertainers, a tent show section covering traveling shows and a sub-section called Freaks to order. According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published articles attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting good taste
Cindy Walker was an American songwriter, as well as a country music singer and dancer. As a songwriter Walker was responsible for a number of popular. She adopted an approach to her songwriting, often tailoring particular songs to specific recording artists. She produced a body of songs that have been described as “direct, honest. She had Top 10 hits spread over five decades, Walker was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997 and inducted into the Texas Heritage Songwriters Hall of Fame in March 2011. Cindy Walker was born on July 20,1918 on her grandparents farm near Mart near Mexia east of Waco, eiland was a noted composer of hymns and her mother was a fine pianist. From childhood Cindy Walker was fond of poetry and wrote habitually, as a teenager, inspired by newspaper accounts of the dust storms on the American prairies in the mid-1930s, Walker wrote the song, Dusty Skies (later recorded by Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys. In 1936, her Casa de Mañana was performed by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra, by the end of the decade Cindy Walker was singing and dancing in Texas stage shows.
In 1940, Walker, at the age of 22, accompanied her parents on a trip to Los Angeles. As they were driving down Sunset Boulevard she asked her father to stop the car near the Bing Crosby Enterprises building. Walker recalled, I had decided that if I ever got to Hollywood and her father said Youre crazy, but nonetheless stopped the car. Walker went inside the building to pitch her song and emerged shortly afterward to ask her mother to play the piano for her, Bing Crosby’s brother Larry Crosby had agreed to listen to the song, Walker sang “Lone Star Trail” to him, accompanied by her mother. Larry Crosby was impressed and aware that his brother was looking for a new Western song to record, the next day Cindy played guitar and sang “Lone Star Trail” for Bing Crosby at Paramount Studios. Crosby arranged for her to record a demo with Dave Kapp of Decca Records, Lone Star Trail was recorded and became a top-ten hit for Bing Crosby. Walker remained in Los Angeles for 13 years, in 1940 she appeared as a singer in the Gene Autry Western Ride Tenderfoot Ride.
In 1944 Walker recorded a song became a top ten hit. Walker successfully pitched her songs to Bob Wills and began to regularly contribute compositions for recordings, Bob Wills and his band performed Walkers first top-ten country hit, “Youre From Texas”. Among her other 1940s hits were Triflin Gal, Warm Red Wine, some sources have erroneously attributed Johnny Bonds 1948 Oklahoma Waltz to her, probably they confused it with her own 1947 composition of that name, co-written with and recorded by Spade Cooley
King James Version
The King James Version, known as Authorized Version or simply King James Bible, is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611. The books of the King James Version include the 39 books of the Old Testament, a section containing 14 books of the Apocrypha. It was first printed by the Kings Printer Robert Barker and was the translation into English approved by the English Church authorities. The first had been the Great Bible, commissioned in the reign of King Henry VIII, the translation is noted for its majesty of style, and has been described as one of the most important books in English culture. The translation was done by 47 scholars, all of whom were members of the Church of England. In common with most other translations of the period, the New Testament was translated from Greek, the Old Testament from Hebrew and Aramaic, and the Apocrypha from Greek and Latin. In the Book of Common Prayer, the text of the Authorized Version replaced the text of the Great Bible for Epistle and Gospel readings, over the course of the 18th century, the Authorized Version supplanted the Latin Vulgate as the standard version of scripture for English-speaking scholars.
Today the unqualified title King James Version usually indicates that this Oxford standard text is meant, the title page carries the words Appointed to be read in Churches, and F. F. For many years it was not to give the translation any specific name. In his Leviathan of 1651, Thomas Hobbes referred to it as the English Translation made in the beginning of the Reign of King James. Similarly, a History of England, whose edition was published in 1775, writes merely that new translation of the Bible, viz. that now in Use, was begun in 1607. King Jamess Bible is used as the name for the 1611 translation in Charles Butlers Horae Biblicae and this name was found as King James Bible, for example in a book review from 1811. The phrase King Jamess Bible is used as far back as 1715, the use of Authorized Version or Authorised Version and used as a name, is found as early as 1814. For some time before this, descriptive phrases such as our present, and only publicly authorised version, our Authorised version, the Oxford English Dictionary records a usage in 1824.
In Britain, the 1611 translation is known as the Authorised Version today. As early as 1814, we find King James version, evidently a descriptive phrase, the King James Version is found, unequivocally used as a name, in a letter from 1855. The next year King James Bible, with no possessive, appears as a name in a Scottish source, in the United States, the 1611 translation is generally known as the King James Version today. The followers of John Wycliffe undertook the first complete English translations of the Christian scriptures in the 14th century and these translations were banned in 1409 due to their association with the Lollards
On the Sentimental Side
On the Sentimental Side was intended to be a long-playing vinyl album and it was recorded in June 1962 by Bing Crosby for his own company, Project Records at United Recording, Hollywood. The album is in a style and Crosby over-dubbed his vocals on accompaniment recorded by the Ivor Raymonde Orchestra. The original sessions were produced by Simon Rady for Project Records, compositing commenced on July 31,1962 and was never completed. Robert S. Bader of Bing Crosby Enterprises completed the compositing and mixing in January 2010, the album was issued for the first time by Collectors Choice Music on CD No
Leonard Norman Cohen CC GOQ was a Canadian singer, musician, poet and painter. His work mostly explored religion, isolation, Cohen was inducted into both the Canadian Music Hall of Fame and the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame as well as the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He was a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nations highest civilian honor, in 2011, Cohen received one of the Prince of Asturias Awards for literature and the ninth Glenn Gould Prize. Cohen pursued a career as a poet and novelist during the 1950s and early 1960s, and did not launch a music career until 1967, at the age of 33. His first album, Songs of Leonard Cohen, was followed by three albums of folk music, Songs from a Room, Songs of Love and Hate. His 1977 record Death of a Ladies Man was co-written and produced by Phil Spector, in 1979, Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs, which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. Hallelujah was first released on Cohens studio album Various Positions in 1984, Im Your Man in 1988 marked Cohens turn to synthesized productions and remains his most popular album.
In 1992, Cohen released its follow-up, The Future, which had dark lyrics, Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release of Ten New Songs, which was a major hit in Canada and Europe. His eleventh album, Dear Heather, followed in 2004, Cohen was born on September 21,1934 in Westmount, Quebec, an English-speaking area of Montreal, into a middle-class Canadian Jewish family. His mother, Marsha Klonitsky, was the daughter of a Talmudic writer, Rabbi Solomon Klonitsky-Kline and his paternal grandfather, whose family had moved from Poland to Canada, was Lyon Cohen, the founding president of the Canadian Jewish Congress. His father, Nathan Cohen, owned a clothing store. The family observed Orthodox Judaism, and belonged to Congregation Shaar Hashomayim, on the topic of being a Kohen, Cohen told Richard Goldstein in 1967, I had a very Messianic childhood. I was told I was a descendant of Aaron, the high priest and he became especially interested in the poetry of Federico García Lorca. During all of that period, Cohen taught himself to play the acoustic guitar, after a young Spanish guitar player taught him a few chords and some flamenco, Cohen switched to a classical guitar.
He has attributed his love of music to his mother, who, he said, had such a voice, Cohen frequented Saint Laurent Boulevard for fun. According to journalist David Sax and one of his cousins would go to the Main Deli to watch the gangsters, pimps, in that period and that place, Cohen wrote the lyrics to some of his most famous songs. Cohen published his first poems in March 1954 in the magazine CIV/n, the issue included poems by Cohens poet–professors, Irving Layton and Louis Dudek. Cohen graduated from McGill the following year with a B. A. degree and his literary influences during this time included William Butler Yeats, Irving Layton, Walt Whitman, Federico García Lorca, and Henry Miller
Live in London (Leonard Cohen album)
Live in London is a live album by Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen. It was released on CD by Columbia/Sony March 31,2009, is his 18th album, a DVD of the performance was simultaneously released by Columbia/Sony. Part of the reason Cohen, who was 73 at the time, sylvie Simmons explains in her 2012 biography on Cohen that Lynch took care of Leonards business affairs… not simply his manager but a close friend, almost part of the family. Cohen, who was on a retreat at the Zen center Mount Baldy near Los Angeles at the time. On 8 October 2005, Cohen sued Kelley Lynch, alleging that she had misappropriated over US $5 million from Cohens retirement fund leaving only $150,000, Cohen was sued in turn by other former business associates. These events placed him in the spotlight, including a cover feature on him with the headline Devastated. in Canadas Macleans magazine. In March 2006, Cohen won a suit and was awarded US$9 million by a Los Angeles County superior court. Lynch, ignored the suit and did not respond to a subpoena issued for her financial records, as a result, it has been widely reported that Cohen may never be able to collect the awarded amount.
In the meantime, Cohen published a book of poetry and drawings called Book of Longing in 2006, Cohen was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame by Lou Reed in 2008. I guess it just hasnt hit me yet. The first show took place at the Fredericton Playhouse in New Brunswick, Cohen played dates in Canada and Europe to enthusiastic crowds who were delighted to see him on stage again. Live in London is Cohens first full concert show release as well as his first released DVD, the album was recorded July 17,2008 at Londons O2 Arena, and was released in both DVD and as a two-CD set. The album was listed for the Polaris Music Prize. It was about 14 or 15 years ago, I was 60 years old, just a kid with a crazy dream. Since Ive taken a lot of Prozac, Wellbutrin, Ive studied deeply in the philosophies of the religions but cheerfulness kept breaking through. All tracks written by Leonard Cohen except where noted, all tracks written by Leonard Cohen except where noted
Harry Lillis Bing Crosby, Jr. was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, from 1931 to 1954 Crosby was a leader in sales, radio ratings. His early career coincided with technical recording innovations such as the microphone and this allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, and Dean Martin. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music, in 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of only 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures, Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. In addition to his work with early tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, Crosby died at the age of 74 on October 14,1977, from a sudden heart attack in Alcobendas, Spain.
Crosby was born on May 2,1903 in Tacoma, Washington, in 1906, Crosbys family moved to Spokane, and in 1913, Crosbys father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue. The house now sits on the campus of Crosbys alma mater Gonzaga University and he was the fourth of seven children, brothers Larry, Everett and Bob, and two sisters and Mary Rose. His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby, Sr. a bookkeeper, Crosbys mother was a second generation Irish-American. In 1910, seven-year-old Harry Crosby Jr. was forever renamed, the Sunday edition of the Spokesman-Review published a feature called The Bingville Bugle. Written by humorist Newton Newkirk, The Bingville Bugle was a parody of a hillbilly newsletter filled with gossipy tidbits, minstrel quips, creative spelling, and mock ads. A neighbor, 15-year-old Valentine Hobart, shared Crosbys enthusiasm for The Bugle, and noting Crosbys laugh, took a liking to him, the last vowel was dropped and the nickname stuck. Crosby described Jolsons delivery as electric, Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University.
He attended Gonzaga for three years, but did not earn a bachelors degree, as a freshman, he played on the universitys baseball team. The university granted him a doctorate in 1937. In 1923, Crosby was invited to join a new band composed of school students a few years younger than himself. Al Rinker, Miles Rinker, James Heaton, Claire Pritchard and Robert Pritchard, along with drummer Crosby, formed the Musicaladers, the group performed on Spokane radio station KHQ, but disbanded after two years
Mahalia Jackson was an American gospel singer. Possessing a powerful voice, she was referred to as The Queen of Gospel. She became one of the most influential singers in the world and was heralded internationally as a singer. She was described by entertainer Harry Belafonte as the single most powerful woman in the United States. She recorded about 30 albums during her career, and her 45 rpm records included a dozen golds—million-sellers, I sing Gods music because it makes me feel free, Jackson once said about her choice of gospel, adding, It gives me hope. With the blues, when you finish, you still have the blues and she was born on October 26,1911, as Mahala Jackson and nicknamed Halie. Jackson grew up in the Black Pearl section of the Carrollton neighborhood of uptown New Orleans, the three-room dwelling on Pitt Street housed thirteen people and a dog. This included Little Mahala, her brother Roosevelt Hunter, whom they called Peter, and her mother Charity Clark, several aunts and cousins lived in the house as well.
Aunt Mahala was given the nickname Duke after proving herself the boss of the family. The extended family consisted of her mothers siblings, Mahala, Porterfield, Alice, Bessie, their children and patriarch Rev. Paul Clark, a former slave. Jacksons father, John A. Jackson Sr. was a stevedore and he fathered five other children besides Mahalia and Yvonne, Edna and Johnny Jr. Her fathers sister, Jeanette Jackson-Burnett, and her husband, were vaudeville entertainers, at birth, Jackson suffered from genu varum, or bowed legs. The doctors wanted to perform surgery by breaking her legs, Jacksons mother would rub her legs down with greasy dishwater. The condition never stopped young Jackson from performing her dance steps for the woman for whom her mother. Jackson was four years old when her mother Charity died, leaving her family to decide who would raise Halie, Aunt Duke assumed this responsibility, and the children were forced to work from sun-up to sun-down. Aunt Duke would always inspect the house using the white glove method, if the house was not cleaned properly, Jackson was beaten.
If one of the other relatives could not do their chores or clean at their job, Jackson loved to sing and church is where she loved to sing the most. Her Aunt Bell told her one day she would sing in front of royalty