Improvisational theatre called improvisation or improv, is the form of theatre comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers. In its purest form, the dialogue, action and characters are created collaboratively by the players as the improvisation unfolds in present time, without use of an prepared, written script. Improvisational theatre exists in performance as a range of styles of improvisational comedy as well as some non-comedic theatrical performances, it is sometimes used in film and television, both to develop characters and scripts and as part of the final product. Improvisational techniques are used extensively in drama programs to train actors for stage and television and can be an important part of the rehearsal process. However, the skills and processes of improvisation are used outside the context of performing arts - Applied Improvisation, it is used in classrooms as an educational tool and in businesses as a way to develop communication skills, creative problem solving, supportive team-work abilities that are used by improvisational, ensemble players.
It is sometimes used in psychotherapy as a tool to gain insight into a person's thoughts and relationships. The earliest well documented use of improvisational theatre in Western history is found in the Atellan Farce of 391 BC. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, commedia dell'arte performers improvised based on a broad outline in the streets of Italy. In the 1890s, theatrical theorists and directors such as the Russian Konstantin Stanislavski and the French Jacques Copeau, founders of two major streams of acting theory, both utilized improvisation in acting training and rehearsal. Modern theatrical improvisation games began as drama exercises for children, which were a staple of drama education in the early 20th century thanks in part to the progressive education movement initiated by John Dewey in 1916; some people credit American Dudley Riggs as the first vaudevillian to use audience suggestions to create improvised sketches on stage. Improvisation exercises were developed further by Viola Spolin in the 1940s, 50s, 60s, codified in her book Improvisation For The Theater, the first book that gave specific techniques for learning to do and teach improvisational theater.
In the 1970s in Canada, British playwright and director Keith Johnstone wrote Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre, a book outlining his ideas on improvisation, invented Theatresports, which has become a staple of modern improvisational comedy and is the inspiration for the popular television show Whose Line Is It Anyway? Spolin influenced the first generation of modern American improvisers at The Compass Players in Chicago, which led to The Second City, her son, Paul Sills, along with David Shepherd, started The Compass Players. Following the demise of the Compass Players, Paul Sills began The Second City, they were the first organized troupes in Chicago, the modern Chicago improvisational comedy movement grew from their success. Many of the current "rules" of comedic improv were first formalized in Chicago in the late 1950s and early 1960s among The Compass Players troupe, directed by Paul Sills. From most accounts, David Shepherd provided the philosophical vision of the Compass Players, while Elaine May was central to the development of the premises for its improvisations.
Mike Nichols, Ted Flicker, Del Close were her most frequent collaborators in this regard. When The Second City opened its doors on December 16, 1959, directed by Paul Sills, his mother Viola Spolin began training new improvisers through a series of classes and exercises which became the cornerstone of modern improv training. By the mid-1960s, Viola Spolin's classes were handed over to her protégé, Jo Forsberg, who further developed Spolin's methods into a one-year course, which became The Players Workshop, the first official school of improvisation in the USA. During this time, Forsberg trained many of the performers who went on to star on The Second City stage. Many of the original cast of Saturday Night Live came from The Second City, the franchise has produced such comedy stars as Mike Myers, Tina Fey, Bob Odenkirk, Amy Sedaris, Stephen Colbert, Eugene Levy, Jack McBrayer, Steve Carell, Chris Farley, Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi. Keith Johnstone's group The Theatre Machine, which originated in London, was touring Europe.
This work gave birth to Theatresports, at first secretly in Johnstone's workshops, in public when he moved to Canada. Toronto has been home to a rich improv tradition. In 1984, Dick Chudnow founded ComedySportz in Milwaukee, WI. Expansion began with the addition of ComedySportz-Madison, in 1985; the first Comedy League of America National Tournament was held in 1988, with 10 teams participating. The league boasts a roster of 29 international cities. In San Francisco, The Committee theater was active in North Beach during the 1960s, it was founded by Alan Myerson and his wife Jessica. When The Committee disbanded in 1972, three major companies were formed: The Pitchell Players, The Wing, Improvisation Inc; the only company that continued to perform Close's Harold was the latter one. Its two former members, Michael Bossier and John Elk, formed Spaghetti Jam in San Francisco's Old Spaghetti Factory in 1976, where shortform improv and Harolds were performed through 1983. Stand-up comedians performing down the street at the Intersection for the Arts would drop by and sit in.
In 1979, Elk brought shortform to England, teaching workshops at Jacksons Lane Theatre, he was the first American to perform at The Comedy Store, above
Atlanta is the capital of, the most populous city in, the U. S. state of Georgia. With an estimated 2017 population of 486,290, it is the 38th most-populous city in the United States; the city serves as the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, home to 5.8 million people and the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the nation. Atlanta is the seat of the most populous county in Georgia. A small portion of the city extends eastward into neighboring DeKalb County. Atlanta was founded as the terminating stop of a major state-sponsored railroad. With rapid expansion, however, it soon became the convergence point between multiple railroads, spurring its rapid growth; the city's name derives from that of the Western and Atlantic Railroad's local depot, signifying the town's growing reputation as a transportation hub. During the American Civil War, the city was entirely burned to the ground in General William T. Sherman's famous March to the Sea. However, the city rose from its ashes and became a national center of commerce and the unofficial capital of the "New South".
During the 1950s and 1960s, Atlanta became a major organizing center of the civil rights movement, with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Ralph David Abernathy, many other locals playing major roles in the movement's leadership. During the modern era, Atlanta has attained international prominence as a major air transportation hub, with Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport being the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998. Atlanta is rated as a "beta" world city that exerts a moderate impact on global commerce, research, education, media and entertainment, it ranks in the top twenty among world cities and 10th in the nation with a gross domestic product of $385 billion. Atlanta's economy is considered diverse, with dominant sectors that include transportation, logistics and business services, media operations, medical services, information technology. Atlanta has topographic features that include rolling hills and dense tree coverage, earning it the nickname of "the city in a forest."
Revitalization of Atlanta's neighborhoods spurred by the 1996 Summer Olympics, has intensified in the 21st century, altering the city's demographics, politics and culture. Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village where Peachtree Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now Atlanta; as part of the systematic removal of Native Americans from northern Georgia from 1802 to 1825, the Creek were forced to leave the area in 1821, white settlers arrived the following year. In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad in order to provide a link between the port of Savannah and the Midwest; the initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would be linked to Savannah. After engineers surveyed various possible locations for the terminus, the "zero milepost" was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points.
A year the area around the milepost had developed into a settlement, first known as "Terminus", as "Thrasherville" after a local merchant who built homes and a general store in the area. By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed "Marthasville" to honor the Governor's daughter. J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed Atlanta; the residents approved, the town was incorporated as Atlanta on December 29, 1847. By 1860, Atlanta's population had grown to 9,554. During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies. In 1864, the Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its invasion of north Georgia; the region surrounding Atlanta was the location of several major army battles, culminating with the Battle of Atlanta and a four-month-long siege of the city by the Union Army under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman.
On September 1, 1864, Confederate General John Bell Hood made the decision to retreat from Atlanta, he ordered the destruction of all public buildings and possible assets that could be of use to the Union Army. On the next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army, on September 7, Sherman ordered the city's civilian population to evacuate. On November 11, 1864, Sherman prepared for the Union Army's March to the Sea by ordering the destruction of Atlanta's remaining military assets. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Atlanta was rebuilt. Due to the city's superior rail transportation network, the state capital was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta in 1868. In the 1880 Census, Atlanta surpassed Savannah as Georgia's largest city. Beginning in the 1880s, Henry W. Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper, promoted Atlanta to potential investors as a city of the "New South" that would be based upon a modern economy and less reliant on agriculture. By 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology and the Atlanta University Center had established Atlanta as a center for higher education.
In 1895, Atlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Exposition, which attracted nearly 800,000 attendees and promoted the New South's development to the world. During the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth. In three decades' time, Atlanta's population tripled as the city limits expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs; the city's skyline emerged with the construction of the
Free Radio (TV series)
Free Radio is a television show, created by Lance Krall and Rory Rosegarten. The show originated on VH1, but has played on Comedy Central, Super Channel, it stars Lance Krall, prominent for his role on The Joe Schmo Show, Anna Vocino, who starred with Krall on The Lance Krall Show. The show focuses on a dysfunctional radio station, KBOM. Krall plays a moronic intern turned moronic DJ when KBOM's regular shock jock, Rip Rebel, defects to satellite radio. Lance gets his own show entitled Moron in the Morning. Real celebrities guest star as themselves with Lance, who either does not realize who they are or mixes them up with other celebrities on the air. Most of the dialogue is improvised. Lance Krall as Lance, a former intern at KBOM who gets a job as a radio host, after the former host, Rip Rebel, leaves, he becomes inexplicably popular due to his ignorance and bold stupidity while interviewing celebrities. The station dubs Lance's show "Moron in the Morning." Anna Vocino as Anna, Lance's co-host on "Moron in the Morning."
She is annoyed by Lance's uninformed questions to their guests and his on-air antics, but enjoys the success the show has acquired. Brian Huskey as James Reed, the manager of KBOM and boss of both Lance and Anna. James was against "Moron in the Morning" from the start, but due to its success and pressure from listeners & the owners of KBOM, he has been forced to keep the show on the air. Sarah Baker as Sarah a.k.a. Emo Sarah, KBOM's goth/emo receptionist. Gerry Bednob as Bling Bling Shelton, Lance's inept talent manager. "Moron in the Morning" - Kiefer Sutherland, Luis Guzman, Angela Kinsey and the cast of All About Walken: The Impersonators of Christopher Walken. "Lance Gets a Billboard" - Jack Coleman, Sara Blakely and Daniela Sea "The New Intern" - Tony Hawk, Ashley Jensen and Howie Mandel "Lance Gets a Manager" - Emily Deschanel, Don Lafontaine, Blake Lewis and Quinton "Rampage" Jackson "Snafu!" - Tony Shalhoub, air guitarist Dan Crane, Shannon Woodward and Perez Hilton "Side Kick for a Day" - Zachary Quinto, competitive eating champion Shawn Kirby and Kat Von D "Lance Gets a Bodyguard" - Omarion, Bob Saget, Danneel Harris and Natasha Lyonne "The Temp" - Mary Lynn Rajskub, James Van Der Beek and Jeff Corwin "Lance's Birthday" - Ray Romano and Teller and Melora Hardin "Lance's Posse" - Ed Helms, Dominic Monaghan, Neil Hamburger and Robin Meade "Celebrity" - David Cook, Ed Begley, Jr.
Hank Azaria and Emily Procter "KDOG" - John Stamos, Bai Ling, Jim Parsons and Kathy Griffin "Anna's Date" - Charlie Day, Glenn Howerton & Rob McElhenney, Danica McKellar, Corey Feldman "Buttons" - Tony Hawk, Dr. Lauren Frances, Bree Turner and Nick Cassavetes "Earthquake" - Taryn Manning, Henry Rollins and Rachelle Lefevre "Kia" - Sam Trammell, Odette Yustman and Omarosa Manigault-Stallworth "Boxing For Boners"- Zachary Levi, Sugar Ray Leonard and Cheech & Chong. Free Radio on IMDb Official Messageboards
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Lance Krall is an American comedian and actor, television writer and producer of Vietnamese descent. He became well known after his portrayal as "Kip" in the role in faux-reality show The Joe Schmo Show, he went on to star in The Lance Krall Show and Free Radio. Because his father, John Krall, was a Naval aviator, his mother Yung Krall, was a spy for the CIA, Lance spent most of his life moving from country to country and state to state. Government and military life shuffled Lance and his family to California, Saigon, Paris, Washington DC and New Mexico. Lance's family retired from government life in 1983 and settled in Georgia. Lance attended Georgia State University. After getting his BA in Film and Theater at Georgia State University, Krall helped found The Whole World Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia. From 1993-2000, Krall performed in improv shows and scripted plays at Whole World. In 1999, Krall was spotted by a Hollywood talent agent, moved out west. In late 2000 he was cast on The Downer Channel.
After a disappointing four-episode run, Krall tried his luck at shooting his own sketch comedy show. With the help of his old troupe in Atlanta, Krall shot a thirty-minute pilot named The Lance Krall Show. In the interim, Krall was cast in the feature Made Up, directed by Tony Shalhoub, directed and starred in Party Animals that premiered at the Los Angeles International Film Festival and was an official selection in the Slamdance Film Festival in Park City, Utah. In 2003, Krall was cast as Kip, a flamboyant Cuban homosexual, in the reality show parody The Joe Schmo Show, his popularity on Joe Schmo convinced Spike TV to greenlight eight episodes of The Lance Krall Show. Krall created and starred in the television show, Free Radio, which aired for two seasons on VH1 and Comedy Central. Free Radio was a comedic, behind-the-scenes look at a struggling Los Angeles radio station and its dysfunctional staff. Krall starred as the dimwitted, laughably ignorant, yet inexplicably popular host of "Moron in the Morning."
Celebrity guests from film, television and stage joined the cast every week in the booth as they promote their latest projects while enduring Krall's clueless questions and oblivious take on the world. In 2011, Krall partnered with American skateboarder, Tony Hawk, to produce and star in a television pilot called, "Crash & Burn." It is an ensemble comedy set in the world of Hollywood stunt performers and stars Lee Majors as a legendary stunt man and leader of the Crash & Burn stunt team. Krall is featured on Tony Hawk's new YouTube channel, "Ride." In 2012, Krall wrote and starred on Fox's Breaking In, was a writer for the ABC sitcom Last Man Standing. After serving as a writer on It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia season 9 and 10, Krall teamed up with Rainn Wilson to write and executive produce Hollywood & Vine, a comedy set in Hollywood featuring real life Vine stars, Lele Pons, Christian DelGrosso, Jerry Purpdrank, Simone Shepherd that will air on ABC Family. Krall's first feature, The Layover, co-written with fellow It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia writer, David Hornsby, is in post-production.
It is directed by William H. Macy and star's Alexandra Daddario of "True Detective" and Kate Upton as the two leads. In 2016, Krall co-founded "Picture It Productions", a television production company based in Atlanta, specializing in developing television shows based on real life stories from the South, as well as developing Atlanta based talent. In its first two years, Picture It has sold six scripted shows to various broadcast and streaming platforms, including Fox, CBS, ABC, PopTV, pocket.watch. Lance Krall holds a third degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do and was ranked 6th in the nation in 1992; as a trainer, Krall coached several Junior Olympic gold medalists. In November 2005, Krall appeared as the karate instructor during Michael and Dwight's match in "The Fight" episode of The Office, he repeated the role in Junior Salesman in 2013. Lance Krall married Brittany Krall in 2008, they have two children and Ronin Krall. It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia' - written by Last Man Standing - written by Breaking In ~ Ricky Borten - written by Free Radio ~ DJ Lance - executive producer, written by, edited by The Other Mall ~ Truc Tran - executive producer, written by, edited by The Office ~ Sensei Ira The Lance Krall Show ~ Series Lead - executive producer, directed by, written by, edited by Monk ~ Guest Star The Joe Schmo Show ~ Kip Calderas Hotel ~ Orlando Vargas The Downer Channel ~ Series Regular The Cindy Margolis Show ~ Co-Host The Layover - writer The Life Coach Party Animals - executive producer, directed by, written by, edited by Juwanna Mann Made-Up Article "Lance Krall Is Not Your Average Joe" interview with Qu3stions.com Lance Krall on IMDb Gizmodo article on Crash & Burn
Callanwolde Fine Arts Center
Callanwolde Fine Arts Center is a 501 non-profit community arts center that offers classes and workshops for all ages in visual and performing arts. Special performances, gallery exhibits, outreach programs and fundraising galas are presented throughout the year. Callanwolde is involved in community outreach, specializing in senior wellness, special needs and low income families; the mansion known as "Callanwolde" was built by Charles Howard Candler, President of The Coca-Cola Company, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Emory University, eldest son of Asa Griggs Candler who founded The Coca-Cola Company. Callanwolde is a Gothic-Tudor style mansion situated on a landscaped 12.5-acre estate and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Support is provided to Callanwolde Fine Arts Center through a grant appropriated by the DeKalb County Board of Commissioners, in part by DeKalb County Parks, Recreation & Cultural Affairs, in part by the Georgia Council for the Arts through appropriations of the Georgia General Assembly.
Georgia Council for the Arts is a Partner Agency of the National Endowment for the Arts. Callanwolde was the home of the family of Charles Howard Candler, known as Howard, from 1920 until 1959. Howard Candler was the oldest son of Asa Griggs Candler, the Atlanta pharmacist who, in 1891 purchased the rights to the formula for Coca-Cola, developed by another Atlanta pharmacist, John S. Pemberton, in 1886 as a tonic for most common ailments. Howard Candler attended public elementary schools in Atlanta and received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Emory College. While in Oxford in 1895, Howard Candler received a keg of Coca-Cola syrup from his father that he shared with his classmates — the first Coca-Cola seen there. After graduating from Emory in 1898, Howard Candler attended Atlanta College of Physicians and Surgeons for two years and the University of Bellvue Hospital Medical College for one year. Much in life, in 1942, he received the Doctor of Laws degree from Emory University, by located in Atlanta.
In 1903, Howard Candler married Flora Harper Glenn. The couple had three children, Charles Howard, Jr. Catherine Harper, Mary Louisa. Emory University has been, still is today called “Coca-Cola U” because of the long and generous history of patronage by both the Candler family and The Coca-Cola Company that they founded. In 1914, the decision was made to move Emory College from Georgia. Howard's uncle, Bishop Warren Akin Candler, was President of Emory College and the Chairman of the Methodist Episcopal Education Commission. Atlanta's Chamber of Commerce pledged $500,000 if the new Emory University would locate in the city, in 1915 Asa Griggs Candler donated a $1,000,000 endowment to the institution. In 1915, Henry Hornbostel was engaged to design the new Emory campus in the Druid Hills neighborhood of Atlanta; the following year, Howard Candler, a vice president of Coca-Cola since 1906, became the company's president, a position he held until his retirement from the company in 1923. His new position as head of the company meant that Howard Candler would now be the principal benefactor of Emory University.
Work on his new home, was begun the following year near the Emory campus and designed by Hornbostel. In 1929, Howard Candler became chairman of the board of trustees of Emory University, a position he held until his death in 1957, he continued the family's history of generous financial support of the institution as well. In 1947, for example, he gave the University assets valued in excess of $15,000,000. And, two years following Howard Candler's death, his widow donated the Callanwolde estate, along with many of the original furnishings, to Emory University. Emory subsequently sold the property to the First Christian Church, which retained ownership until the citizens of DeKalb County rallied to acquire Callanwolde in 1971. Candler family lore holds that William Candler of Newcastle upon Tyne served as an officer in Cromwell's Army during the Irish Rebellion of the mid-17th century. Candler served in Sir Hardress Waller’s Regiment and after the end of the campaign was elevated to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel for “meritorious conduct in the field” by a grateful Cromwell and Parliament and granted lands in the Barony of Callan, County Kilkenny.
He brought his wife, Anne Villiers, widow of Capt. John Villiers, family over to Ireland and made their Irish home at Callan Castle; the name “Callanwolde” is based on this family connection to the Irish town of Callan and the Old English word for “woods”. Recent genealogical research suggests that parts of this legend are, in fact, although as happens with all things, some details have been lost and exaggerated over the years; the estate is located in the Druid Hills neighborhood of Atlanta, planned by the firm of Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of Central Park in New York City and the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, NC. Of the estate's original 27 acres 12 remain intact; the grounds, which consist of sculptured lawns, formal gardens, nature trails and a rock garden, have been restored by the DeKalb County Federation of Garden Clubs and The Callanwolde Foundation, are maintained by DeKalb County. Designed by Henry Hornbostel, who designed Emory University, Callanwolde's plan is one of openness.
Most rooms adjoin the great halls located on each floor, the entire 27,000 square foot mansion is centered on a large, courtyard that has been