Spring Hill Reservoirs
The Spring Hill Reservoirs or Service Reservoirs are two underground water storage facilities located by the Old Windmill in Wickham Terrace, Spring Hill, Queensland, Australia. They serviced water to what is now Brisbane City until 1962, the reservoirs are covered by three hut-like structures above ground. For many years the reservoirs were locked and inaccessible to the public, since 2016, they are used occasionally for cultural events. The first reservoir was built in 1871, and the second just metres from the first some eleven years after, both were built primarily of red-brick and mortar, set in-ground. Interiors feature columns and arches between walls for reinforcement, at the time of planning, Spring Hill was considered to be the ideal location for a Brisbane water source, due to its elevation above most of what is now Brisbane City. Water was sourced from Enoggera Dam via gravity feed, the Old Windmill, Brisbane Enoggera Dam yourbrisbanepastandpresent webpage queenslandplaces webpage undergroundopera webpage
Popular entertainment in Brisbane
In 1975 Brisbanes first FM radio station began broadcasting from a studio at the University of Queensland Student Union. 4ZZ became a catalyst for the development of music in the city. Bands such as The Saints, The Go-Betweens and the boundaries, The Riptides, Brisbanes nightlife today is a thriving and varied mix of pubs, themed bars, and various other venues. There are two areas of interest, The city and the valley. The Brisbane City Council has tried to preserve the valley as an entertainment precinct with the introduction of Valley Special Entertainment Precinct, following consultation with residents, music venues and commercial business operators within Fortitude Valley, the Valley Special Entertainment Precinct commenced on 1 July 2006. Its introduction is one of the first steps in achieving the aims of the Valley Music Harmony Plan. Brisbane is featured in the song It’s Hot in Brisbane but it’s Coolangatta, recorded in 1953 by Gwen Ryan, Claude Carnell’s Orchestra, the Queen Street Mall in the CBD offers nightclubs and bars, as well as the Conrad Treasury Casino.
Nightclubs in the city include Strike Bowling, a nightclub with bowling lanes, more conventional bars include The Victory. Mana Bar is cocktail bar and video gaming lounge in Fortitude Valley, RSL clubs and local pubs around the suburbs occasionally have live acts. Most major concerts are held in the Brisbane Entertainment Centre in Boondall, other major events are hosted at the RNA Showgrounds, the Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre near Southbank and more recently, Suncorp Stadium. Queensland Sport and Athletics Centre at Nathan has hosted a number of music concerts, cloudland was a famous Brisbane music and dancing venue located in Bowen Hills. The venue hosted thousands of dances and concerts in the 50s, 60s and 70s and was demolished in 1982, Brisbane Festival Hall hosted performances for many major tours by visiting overseas artists including The Beatles on 28 June 1964. All kinds of music can be found in Brisbanes thriving live scene, from Dance to Rock, most venues are found in the Valley and surrounding areas since the popular Mary St and Brisbane Festival Hall city venues were closed.
Notable venues in the Valley include The Zoo and Rics Cafe which both opened in 1992, The Arena, The Tivoli, The Fort, The Step Inn, The Empire Hotel, Black Bear Lodge, the Rev closed down in September 2006. The Alley Bar closed down in March 2008, Brisbane is home to a number of music festivals including Future Music Festival and Soundwave, St Jeromes Laneway Festival and Valley Fiesta. Livid was a rock music festival held annually from 1989 to 2003. Rave Magazine was a weekly magazine which covered the entertainment scene in Brisbane from 1991 to 2012. The Brisbane Philharmonic Orchestra is a community based in Brisbane established in 1999
Old Government House, Queensland
Queenslands first Government House is located at Gardens Point in the grounds of the Queensland University of Technology at the end of George Street in Brisbane, Australia. The buildings construction was the first important architectural work undertaken by the newly formed Government of Queensland, the government residential building was constructed to accommodate the first Governor of Queensland, Sir George Bowen, and his family. On 22 May 1860, the first Queensland parliament met, one month a vote to fund a new government house was successful. The site chosen for the building was a point of Gardens Point overlooking the Brisbane Botanic Gardens. There was an issue with the building being built in Brisbane, the two-storey building was designed by colonial architect Charles Tiffin in the Classical revival style in 1860. The front half of the contained the Governors public and private rooms while the rear housed the service section. The front of the house had a design without displays of grandeur so as not to affront politicians.
The first stage of the building was completed in March 1862 by builder Joshua Jeays, the building is built from locally sourced materials, with sandstone facades, Brisbane tuff to the service areas, red cedar, hoop pine and cast iron. The Governor and his family moved into the building in April 1862, the first public function held in the building was a ball on Monday 16 June 1862 to celebrate the birthday of Queen Victoria. The ball was to have been earlier, but was postponed due to a period of mourning for the Prince consort Albert. Sir George and Lady Diamantina Bowen hosted 300 to 400 guests and it was a gala occasion and the new Government House was praised for enabling the Governor to exercise his hospitality without restrictions through the want of space. There were rooms available for dancing, drinking of claret, sherry and coffee, the dowagers and other ladies not involved in the drinking and card playing were entertained in drawing room. At 1 am, supper was served in the quadrangle, protected by a roof and decorated with candles.
The dancing continued until 4 am, although the Bowens did not participate in the due to his wife Lady Diamantinas delicate health. Approximately one month on 26 July 1862, Lady Diamantina was safely delivered of a daughter, Lady Diamantinas delicate health at the Birthday Ball was presumably a delicate reference to her advanced pregnancy. Agnes is believed to be the first child born in the building and their son, George William Howard, was born at Government House on 9 April 1864. The house was lit with candles and kerosene lamps, but by the late 1860s. Unfortunately the initial pipes used were too thin and it was not possible to turn on all the gas lights simultaneously, the building was home to the first 11 of the Governors of Queensland and their families
Brisbane Festival Hall
Brisbane Festival Hall was an indoor arena located on the southern corner of Albert Street and Charlotte Street, Queensland, Australia. The Festival Hall was originally known as Brisbane Stadium, which was built in 1910, in 1958, the venue was demolished and a new building constructed, by leading Queensland Construction Company E. J. Taylor & Sons, as part of the Centenary of Queensland. It was opened on 27 April 1959 and renamed Festival Hall, with a capacity of 4,000 people, it was the largest indoor public venue, in the Brisbane inner city area and it remained the citys primary indoor venue for more than forty years. It was designed in a modern style, similar to its namesake. Boxing events for the 1982 Commonwealth Games were held at Festival Hall, many professional boxing events were held at the Festival Hall, including a number headlined by Australian boxing legend Hector Thompson. Brisbane Festival Hall hosted performances for virtually every major tour by visiting overseas artists, on 28 June 1964, The Beatles played the first of four concerts at the venue.
Some early performances were done by the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and the Bolshoi Ballet, the Police were scheduled to perform during The Police Around the World Tour on 24 March 1980, but the show was cancelled. The final concert there, Michael Franti and Spearhead, took place on 9 August 2003. Brisbane Festival Hall closed on 29 August 2003, and the building was subsequently sold, the seats from the venue were sold off as souvenirs in lots of three. Other smaller panels feature photographs and history of the site
Old Museum Building, Brisbane
The Old Museum Building is a heritage-listed performance venue in Bowen Hills, Australia. The Old Museum was originally called the Exhibition Building and Concert Hall and it was built in 1891 for the Queensland National Agricultural and Industrial Association after Brisbanes first exhibition building, which had occupied the land, was destroyed by fire on 13 June 1888. At the time of the fire the building was being used as a skating rink, the land had been used by the Queensland Acclimatisation Society from 1863-1875. The new exhibition building was designed by the architect George Henry Male Addison, the style of the building may best be described as progressive eclecticism. It is entered in the Queensland Heritage Register, the Queensland Government took over control of the building and grounds when the National Association was forced into liquidation by the economic depression in 1897. In 1899, the Exhibition Hall became home to the Queensland Museum, during the Queensland Museums 86 years in the building, other parts of the building were used as a Concert Hall and an Art Gallery.
Because of the Queensland Museums long occupancy of the building, the building is now known as the Old Museum, the Old Museum building is home to the Queensland Youth Orchestras, who use the building as a rehearsal and office space. The play Troilus and Cressida by William Shakespeare, was presented in the Old Museum building in 1989. Members of the cast included Geoffrey Rush, Jane Menelaus and Russell Dykstra, the Old Museum building was used as one of the sites for the 1980s Australian series of Mission, Impossible. The building was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992, the Exhibition Grounds and Buildings - includes information about the Old Museum building the Old Museum Building Troilus and Cressida at the Old Museum Building Brisbane Symphany Orchestra
Land Administration Building
Land Administration Building is a heritage-listed former government building at 142 George Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was designed by Thomas Pye and built from 1899 to 1905 by Arthur Midson for the Queensland Government and it was known as the Executive Building or the Old Executive Building. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992, the building was originally occupied by the offices of the Lands and Survey Departments, the Premier of Queensland, the Executive Council, and the Queensland National Art Gallery. It contains a heritage-listed World War I Honour board, since 1995, the building has been used as the hotel of the Treasury Casino. This four-storeyed masonry government office building was erected between 1901 and 1905 and it is the most prominent Brisbane example of Queensland Government building activity associated with the economic recovery of the late 1890s and with the Federation of Australia. In 1898-1899 plans were prepared under the supervision of chief architect Thomas Pye of the Queensland Government Architects office, special provisions for the Lands Department included Ministers offices, drafting rooms and heliographic rooms, and a Land Court.
With the inclusion of offices for the Executive Council and Cabinet, a £2,900 contract for site preparation and foundations was commenced in 1899, and in 1901 the principal construction contract for £141,000 was let to Brisbane builder Arthur Midson. The use of expanded metal lathing as a re-enforcement to the floors and ceilings was amongst the earliest application of such technology in Australia. The building was symbolic of Queenslands pride and achievement, and was seen as a showcase for Queensland materials, granite used as the base course and plinth was obtained from Enoggera and Mount Crosby. Brown freestone from Helidon was used to face the outer walls, the decorative carving to the facades was completed during 1903-1904. In the north-western elevation an allegorical group representing Queensland mining and agriculture was carved by New South Wales sculptor William Priestly MacIntosh to a design by Thomas Pye, the mantelpieces were constructed of a variety of Queensland timbers representing the states timber resources.
Allegorical stained glass highlighted the nature of the Queensland economy. From 1901, the Queensland National Art Gallery occupied a room the length of the third floor above George Street. In 1930 the art gallery was relocated to the Exhibition Building Concert Hall, both Executive Council and Cabinet met in the building from 1905 until 1971, when new offices were constructed at 100 George Street, known as the Executive Building. Since this former Executive Building has been known as the Land Administration Building, the gas lamps on the pavements at the William and George Street entrances were erected by about 1911. Those delineating the George Street entrance appear to have moved further apart. They still function, lit by natural gas, the Lands Administration Building is a four-storeyed government office building occupying a site bounded by George Street, Stephens Lane, William Street and Queens Gardens. The form and scale of the building complement the Treasury Building and it forms the southeastern edge of the important group of government buildings surrounding Queens Gardens, which includes the Family Services Building and the William Street retaining wall
Museum of Brisbane
The Museum of Brisbane is a museum which displays exhibits relating to the history of Brisbane, Australia. It is owned and operated by the Brisbane City Council and is located in Brisbane City Hall in the citys CBD, the museum was opened in 2003 and has since had more than 3,000,000 visitors. The Museum of Brisbane was opened in October 2003 and occupied a space on the floor of City Hall. The museum replaced the Brisbane City Gallery which opened in 1977, in 2010, when City Hall closed for restoration, the museum was relocated to Ann Street. On 6 April 2013 the museum was reopened after returning to City Hall where it now occupies a space on the buildings third floor. Since its reopening the museum has been overseen by a board chaired by Sallyanne Atkinson, the museum manages the City of Brisbane Collection. The collection was created in 1859 when the Town of Brisbane was founded and it has grown to have more than 5,000 items including works by local artists, and historical ceramics. Entry to the museum is free, the nearest bus station to the museum is King George Square, while Central and Roma Street are the nearest train stations.
Paid parking is available in the King George Square Car Park, media related to Museum of Brisbane at Wikimedia Commons Official site
Queensland Performing Arts Centre
The Queensland Performing Arts Centre is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre and is located on the corner of Melbourne Street and Grey Street in Brisbanes South Bank precinct. It was opened by the Duke of Kent in 1985, each year QPAC hosts around 1,000 performances across its four theatres and outdoor spaces. In addition, QPAC co-produces and invests in some of Australias most innovative and successful shows, QPAC produces the Out of the Box festival for children 8 years and under, and Clancestry, a festival celebrating the arts and cultural practices of the worlds first nations peoples. In addition, QPAC regularly hosts many of Australias leading performing arts companies including The Australian Ballet, Sydney Dance Company, the Lyric Theatre is a proscenium theatre and is the largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of approximately 2,000. It is Brisbanes main venue for musicals and ballets, the Concert Hall is the second largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of approximately 1,600.
It is Brisbanes main venue for orchestral performances although it is used for comedy performances, graduation ceremonies. The venue features a 6,566 pipe Klaisorgan which was built in 1986, the Playhouse is a proscenium theatre and is the third largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of approximately 850. The venue was constructed in 1997 and its production was The Marriage of Figaro, with Geoffrey Rush in the title role of Figaro. The Cremorne Theatre is the fourth largest venue in QPAC with a capacity of 200 to 300 depending on its configuration and it is a reconfigurable performance space with six configurations. Its name has taken from an earlier venue in the vicinity. Located at the entrance to the Cremorne Theatre is the Tony Gould Gallery, it features changing exhibits related to the arts, including theatre, ballet, costumes. The exhibits are organised by the QPAC Museum
Treasury Building, Brisbane
The former Queensland Government Treasury Building is a heritage-listed public administration building located at 21 Queen Street, Queensland, Australia. It is currently occupied by the Treasury Casino owned by Star Entertainment Group, the building is located at North Quay, near the northern end of Victoria Bridge. Although officially fronting on Queen Street, the building occupies a city block surrounded by Queen Street, George Street, Elizabeth Street. The Elizabeth Street frontage is opposite the Queens Gardens, in the 1890s and early 1900s the imposing Treasury Building served as a symbol of self-government and as a focus for celebratory and patriotic displays. Prior to the Treasury Buildings construction the site housed a military barracks. In 1901, the proclamation of the federation of the Australian Commonwealth was read by the Governor of Queensland Baron Lamington from a balcony on the William Street elevation. The Queensland Government Cabinet met in the building until the 1905, more departments moved out and the Treasury Building, along with the Lands Administration Building were sold and now form the Treasury Casino.
The Treasury was erected in three stages between 1886 and 1928, in 1883, a design competition for a two-storeyed building was won by Melbourne architects Grainger and DEbro. However this design was never used as the Queensland Colonial Architect, John James Clark, clarks own neo-Italianate design, entered in the competition prior to his appointment, was used. Clarke is known for his work on the Old Treasury Building in Melbourne. The first stage of the building to be completed was the William Street, when completed in September 1889, the new building was occupied by the Premier, Colonial Secretary, Registrar-General, Mines, Works and Auditor-General. The construction of two, which completed the Elizabeth Street section, was commenced almost immediately and was completed by February 1893. This new wing was occupied by the Registrar of Titles, Works, Public Instruction, the final stage of construction was started in 1922 and the Queen and George street frontages were officially opened in 1928, providing additional space for the existing occupants.
In 1961, an annexe was built in the courtyard. The building is faced with sandstone ashlar except for the walls of the arcade. These brick walls are finished with lined and unpainted render imitating ashlar, each phase of construction has used a different type of sandstone. A colour difference is discernible between the Highfields stone used for the first phase of construction, and the Helidon sandstones used for the stages, the external walls sit on a porphyry plinth. The design was proposed by Australian Architect John James Clark, in that time the treasury building would be home to many government authorities such as the Registrar-General, Treasury, Security and the Police
Wickham Terrace is one of the historic streets of Brisbane, Australia. It is known as the street of private medical specialists and it follows the ridge and rises to the north and to the west, creating the upper boundary of Albert Park. The name Wickham Terrace terminates at the intersection with Gregory Terrace, land sales occurred on Wickham Terrace in 1856. As Spring Hill was higher than main Brisbane township, it was attractive to the more affluent citizens as it offered both views and cooling breezes. The better ventilation afforded by the breezes was believed to create a place to life. This made Wickham Terrace a popular location for its views, its healthy breezes, many prominent citizens built homes in Wickham Terrace and many civic institutions were established there. Over time and medical practices began to dominate the street and, since World War II, Wickham Terrace is named after John Clements Wickham, the police magistrate and Government Resident of the Moreton Bay district
A park is an area of natural, semi-natural, or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. It may consist of areas, rocks and trees. In North America, many parks have fields for playing such as soccer and football. Many parks have trails for walking and other activities, some parks are built adjacent to bodies of water or watercourses and may comprise a beach or boat dock area. Often, the smallest parks are in areas, where a park may take up only a city block or less. Urban parks often have benches for sitting and may contain picnic tables, the largest parks can be vast natural areas of hundreds of thousands of square kilometres, with abundant wildlife and natural features such as mountains and rivers. In many large parks, camping in tents is allowed with a permit, many natural parks are protected by law, and users may have to follow restrictions. Large national and sub-national parks are typically overseen by a ranger or a park warden.
Large parks may have areas for canoeing and hiking in the months and, in some northern hemisphere countries. The first parks were English deer parks, land set aside for hunting by royalty and they had walls or thick hedges around them to keep game animals in and people out. It was strictly forbidden for commoners to hunt animals in these deer parks and these game preserves evolved into landscaped parks set around mansions and country houses from the sixteenth century onwards. These may have served as hunting grounds but they proclaimed the owners wealth, an aesthetic of landscape design began in these stately home parks where the natural landscape was enhanced by landscape architects such as Capability Brown. As cities became crowded, the hunting grounds became places for the public. With the Industrial revolution parks took on a new meaning as areas set aside to preserve a sense of nature in the cities, sporting activity came to be a major use for these urban parks. Areas of outstanding natural beauty were set aside as national parks to prevent their being spoiled by uncontrolled development, in some parks or time periods with high pollen counts, parks tend to be avoided.
Park design is influenced by the purpose and audience, as well as by the available land features. A park intended to provide recreation for children may include a playground, a park primarily intended for adults may feature walking paths and decorative landscaping. Specific features, such as riding trails, may be included to support specific activities, the design of a park may determine who is willing to use it
Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium
The Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium is located on the grounds of the Brisbane Botanic Gardens in the suburb of Toowong, Queensland, Australia. The Planetarium was officially opened on 24 May 1978, the Planetarium is located about 5 kilometres from the Central Business District, and is administered by the Brisbane City Council. An observatory contains a permanently mounted Zeiss 15cm refractor and a Meade 25. 4cm Go To Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, a mini-theatre usually features a regularly updated Space Telescope Science Institute web feed. The Planetarium runs more than 1,300 regular shows per year in the Cosmic Skydome for public and school groups, observing sessions in the observatory and occasional public field nights. The original Zeiss star projector was removed from the Cosmic Skydome during the upgrade in 2010 and was placed on display in the foyer in early 2012, a replacement optical star projector by Ohira Tech was installed in the Cosmic Skydome in early 2013. Access to the areas and mini theatre are free.
Admission charges apply for the Cosmic Skydome and the observatory, the Planetarium is closed on Mondays and is usually closed for up to two weeks for servicing work following the December/January school holidays. Outside exhibits adjacent to the Planetarium include a statue of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the Father of Cosmonautics, Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium - official website Brisbane Planetarium on Facebook - official Brisbane Planetarium on Facebook Ohira Tech - official website