Wickliffe, Ohio

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Wickliffe, Ohio
City
Harry Coulby Mansion
Nickname(s): Wick, The 'Kliffe
Motto(s): "Gateway to Lake County"
Location of Wickliffe, Ohio
Location of Wickliffe, Ohio
Location of Wickliffe in Lake County
Location of Wickliffe in Lake County
Coordinates: 41°36′34″N 81°28′22″W / 41.60944°N 81.47278°W / 41.60944; -81.47278Coordinates: 41°36′34″N 81°28′22″W / 41.60944°N 81.47278°W / 41.60944; -81.47278
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lake
Government
 • Mayor John A. Barbish
Area[1]
 • Total 4.66 sq mi (12.07 km2)
 • Land 4.64 sq mi (12.02 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation[2] 768 ft (234 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,750
 • Estimate (2017[3]) 12,736
 • Density 2,747.8/sq mi (1,060.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44092
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-85036[4]
GNIS feature ID 1061775[2]

Wickliffe is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. The population was 12,750 at the 2010 census.

A post office called Wickliffe has been in operation since 1843.[5] The city was named after Charles A. Wickliffe, 11th United States Postmaster General.[6]

Geography[edit]

Wickliffe is located at 41°36′34″N 81°28′22″W / 41.60944°N 81.47278°W / 41.60944; -81.47278 (41.609398, -81.472905).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.66 square miles (12.07 km2), of which 4.64 square miles (12.02 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

It is landlocked due to the neighboring cities of Euclid and Willowick (to which it partially lent its name); it also borders Willoughby. Eastlake and Richmond Heights are not quite adjacent to it, but are close.

City Council (as of 2018)[edit]

  • Edward A. Levon, President
  • Matthew C. Jaworski, at-large
  • Maria L. Salotto, at-large
  • Thomas M. Bogo, Sr., ward 1
  • Jason M. Biondolillo, ward 2
  • Joseph D. Sakacs, ward 3
  • Sherry Koski, ward 4[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19201,508
19302,49165.2%
19403,15526.7%
19505,00258.5%
196015,760215.1%
197021,35435.5%
198016,800−21.3%
199014,558−13.3%
200013,484−7.4%
201012,750−5.4%
Est. 201712,736[3]−0.1%
Sources:[4][9][10][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 12,750 people, 5,455 households, and 3,426 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,747.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,060.9/km2). There were 5,780 housing units at an average density of 1,245.7 per square mile (481.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.8% White, 4.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 5,455 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.2% were non-families. Of all households 32.2% were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 44 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 21.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there are 12,750 people, 5,604 households, 3,754 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,898.2 people per square mile. There are 5,787 housing units at an average density of 1,243.8 per square mile (480.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 95.37% White, 2.85% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to Census 2000 20.2% were of Italian, 13.6% German, 13.4% Irish, 9.4% Polish, 9.0% Slovene and 6.4% English ancestry.

There are 5,604 households out of which 23.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% are married couples living together, 10.3% have a female with no husband present, and 33.0% are non-families. Of all households 29.0% are made up of individuals and 13.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.35 and the average family size is 2.92.

In the city the population is spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females, there are 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $43,500, and the median income for a family is $51,351. Males have a median income of $37,641 versus $27,847 for females. The per capita income for the city is $21,194. 6.5% of the population and 3.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.0% of those under the age of 18 and 5.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

Primary and Secondary education[edit]

The Wickliffe City School District contains Wickliffe Elementary School for grades K–4, Wickliffe Middle School for grades 5-8, and Wickliffe High School for grades 9–12. Due to renovations and cost, beginning in August 2019, the old elementary school (Lincoln) will be closed, with the old middle school taking all students in grades K-6; meanwhile, the high school will take all students in grades 7-12.[13]

The public school mascots are known as the Wickliffe Blue Devils. There is also a Roman Catholic School, Mater Dei Academy, founded in 2010, which offers education for children in pre-school through grade 8.[14]

Wickliffe High School, the associated athletic field, and Board of Education offices are located on the land occupied by the former estate of Frank Rockefeller, brother of John D. Rockefeller.[15] The Board building was the previous carriage house for the Rockefeller estate.

Previously, there were two other elementary schools - Worden and Mapledale. These were closed in 1982. Around 2010, Mapledale was demolished and replaced by a housing community and golf course. Worden was also demolished and replaced by the Wickliffe Community Center.

Higher education[edit]

Wickliffe is home to Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, the Roman Catholic seminary serving the Diocese of Cleveland. It was established in 1848 by the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland, Louis Amadeus Rappe.[16] It is located at 28700 Euclid Avenue. The seminary was originally a high school built by the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd. It housed the first Marycrest School for troubled girls. It was not a home for unwed mothers. The Good Shepherd Sisters sold the school building and grounds to the diocese for Boromeo Seminary use in the mid-1940s and moved the school to the Marcus Hanna estate in Independence, Ohio. Marycrest High School closed its doors on 11 September 2001.

Wickliffe is home to the Telshe Yeshiva, an Orthodox Jewish yeshiva which originated in Telz, Lithuania, and moved to Wickliffe after Lithuania fell to the Nazis in World War II.[17]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Wickliffe hosts several parks; the most-known is Coulby Park with its aquatic center, baseball fields and pond. It is also home to City Hall. There are also Jindra Park, Nehls Park, Featherston Park, Orlando Park, Levi Lane Park, and Intihar Park. Three of the parks, Featherston, Intihar and Jindra, were renamed to honor residents who died in military service.[18]

Coulby Mansion and Park[edit]

The Coulby Mansion and Park were built between 1911-1915[19] by Harry Coulby, a shipping magnate who served as Wickliffe's first mayor. It cost over $1 million at the time.[20] This mansion is on the National Register of Historic Places.[21]

Coulby Mansion was Coulby's home his passing in January 1929. After that it was used as a Catholic girls' school, until Wickliffe City purchased the building and grounds in 1954, converting it into Wickliffe's City Hall. The previous owners did not damage or remove many original fixtures.[20] Coulby Mansion has sixteen rooms, seven fireplaces, a Tiffany skylight, hand-carved walnut moldings and paneling from Bohemia, and an extensive garden with fountains. The exterior of the building is white glazed terra cotta.[20] The grounds have been formed into Coulby Park, the city's principal open area.[22] It has trails, a pool facility, extensive playground equipment, and a pond stocked with fish.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 26 May 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron OH: Atlantic Press. p. 144. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "City Council Members". Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. US Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 2010 to July 2012". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  13. ^ Reconfiguration Update - February 2018
  14. ^ Mater Dei Academy
  15. ^ Wickliffe History
  16. ^ Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology: Welcome!
  17. ^ "Telshe Yeshiva". Access Jewish Cleveland. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  18. ^ Wickliffe History - Parks
  19. ^ Wickliffe Continues Restoration . .
  20. ^ a b c Wickliffe History - Coulby Mansion
  21. ^ Harry Coulby Mansion - posted to the National Register of Historic Places (24 August 1979)
  22. ^ Wickliffe Notes

External links[edit]