Widukind of Corvey was a medieval Saxon chronicler. His three-volume Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres is an important chronicle of 10th-century Germany during the rule of the Ottonian dynasty. In view of his name, he was a descendant of the Saxon leader and national hero Widukind, mentioned in the Royal Frankish Annals, who had battled Charlemagne in the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785. Widukind the Chronicler entered the Benedictine abbey of Corvey in the Westphalian part of Saxony around 940/42 to become a tutor, it is assumed that he had reached the age of 15 upon his access, though it has been suggested that he may have joined the Order as a child. In 936 Henry the Fowler, the first East Frankish king of the Saxon ducal Ottonian dynasty had died and was succeeded by his son Otto the Great. Otto's rise as undisputed ruler of a German kingdom against the reluctant dukes made great impression on the Benedictine monk. By his own admission, Widukind first wrote several Christian hagiographies before he began his Res gestae saxonicae.
He dedicated the chronicles to Abbess Matilda of Quedlinburg, daughter of Emperor Otto the Great, like himself a descendant of the Saxon leader Widukind. The annals were written after Otto's coronation by Pope John XII on 2 February 962. After the elevation of Matilda's brother Otto II as co-emperor in 967 and the death of her half-brother Archbishop William of Mainz one year the abbess remained the only important member of the Ottonian dynasty in the Saxon lands under regent Hermann Billung; the annals were continued until Otto's death on 7 May 973. Widukind died thereafter at Corvey Abbey; the Res gestae saxonicae are significant historical accounts of the times of Otto the Great and Henry the Fowler, modelled on the works of the Roman historian Sallust and the deuterocanonical Books of the Maccabees. Widukind wrote as a Saxon, proud of his people and history, beginning his narration not with the Roman Empire but with a brief synopsis derived from the orally-transmitted history of the Saxons and their struggles with the Franks, with a terseness that makes his work difficult to interpret.
Widukind of Corvey starts with the wars between Theuderich I, King of Austrasia, the Thuringii, in which the Saxons played a large part. An allusion to the conversion of the Saxons to Christianity under Charlemagne brings him to the early Saxon dukes and details of the reign of Henry the Fowler, he omitted Italian events in tracing the career of Henry, nor does he mention a pope, but one of the three surviving manuscripts of his Gesta was transcribed in Benevento, the Lombard duchy south of Rome. The second book opens with the election of Otto the Great as German king, treats of the risings against his authority, again omitting events in Italy, concludes with the death of his first wife Edith of England in 946. A manuscript of Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres was first published in Basle in 1532 and is today in the British Library. There are two other surviving manuscripts; the best edition was published in 1935 by Paul Hirsch and Hans-Eberhard Lohmann in the series Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum editi.
A German translation appears in the Quellen zur Geschichte der sächsischen Kaiserzeit published by Albert Bauer and Reinhold Rau in 1971. An English translation is found in an unprinted doctoral dissertation: Raymond F. Wood, The three books of the deeds of the Saxons, by Widukind of Corvey, translated with introduction and bibliography. Widukind is credited with a vita of St Paul and St Thecla doubtless based on the 2nd century Acts of Paul and Thecla, but no traces of it now remain. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Widukind of Corvey". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Widukind". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. An English translation with notes by Raymund F. Wood, The three books of the Deeds of the Saxons, unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1949, available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses
Nathaniel Spens was a Scottish medical doctor who qualified as Fellow of the Incorporation of Surgeons and became interested in the practice of physic. He qualified as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and went on to become President of that College. Nathaniel Spens was a member of the Spens family, he was 15th Laird of Lathallan and his wife Janet. He was admitted into the Incorporation of Surgeons of Edinburgh on 24 July 1751, he obtained the degree of MD from the University of St Andrews. After practising as a surgeon in Edinburgh, he became more interested in the practice of physic, becoming a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1773 and Fellow of that College the following year, he went on to become Treasurer of the College and its President in 1794. He purchased in 1792, the estate of Craigsanquhar, in Fife which had once been part of the family estate of Lathallan, but had been sold in 1524. Spens was a prominent member of the Royal Company of Archers.
The Royal Company of Archers began as a private club in 1676 obtaining its Royal Charter from Queen Anne in 1704. Amongst the prizes for which the Archers compete to this day is the Pagodas Medal, presented to the Company by James Spens, son of Nathaniel, in memory of his father, his yew bow, presented to the Royal Company by his son Dr Thomas Spens, is still on display in Archers’ Hall. His portrait by Sir Henry Raeburn in the uniform of the Royal Company hangs in Archers' Hall in Edinburgh, he was a Scottish Freemason. He was Initiated in No. 2, on 5 June 1751. He served as Master of that Lodge for 1778, he was Substitute Grand Master 1776—82 and Depute Grand Master 1782—86 of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. He is buried in Leuchars Old Cemetery in Fife, his son, Dr Thomas Spens, like his father, a member of the Royal Company of Archers and Treasurer and President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. Dr Thomas Spens is credited with the first description of a case of heart block in Britain.
Florence Lassandro was an Italian-Canadian bootlegger, the only woman to be hanged in Alberta. Lassandro was born in Cosenza, immigrating with her family to Canada in 1909, marrying Carlo Sanfidele on October 16, 1915 in Fernie, British Columbia, her association with Emilio Picariello led Lassandro into the world of bootlegging, when Prohibition was declared in Alberta in 1916, 1917 in British Columbia. Picariello was an entrepreneur based in Alberta, he was engaged in many legal businesses including manufacturing ice cream and operating the Alberta Hotel in Blairmore, however this became a front for his bootlegging activity. Charlie Lassandro was one of Picariello’s employees, permitted Lassandro to work with Picariello to smuggle alcohol from British Columbia to Alberta and Montana. Steve became involved in a police chase on September 21, 1922, during which he was shot in the hand by Constable Stephen O. Lawson of the Alberta Provincial Police. In Coleman and Lassandro confronted Constable Lawson, fatally shot in front of his home by the pair.
Both Picariello and Lassandro were arrested the following day, were convicted for Lawson's murder. Both were sentenced to hanging on December 2, 1922. Lassandro and Picariello were hanged on the gallows of Fort Saskatchewan penitentiary on May 2, 1923. On February 1, 2003, Canadian composer John Estacio, Canadian librettist John Murrell, premiered, in Calgary, Filumena, an opera based on Lassandro's life and death; the opera was performed at the Banff Centre for the Arts in August 2003. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation broadcast a performance of this opera on March 9, 2006. Filumena Opera Website Alberta Scene Website
Marina Dimitrijevic is the executive director of the Wisconsin Working Families Party and the former chairwoman of the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors. Dimitrijevic served as board chairwoman from 2012 to 2015 and continues to represent Milwaukee County's 4th district on the board. Dimitrijevic is the daughter of Serbian immigrants, she is a graduate of Bay View High School and holds master's degree in nonprofit management from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. The youngest person elected to the Board, Dimitrijevic has served as a county supervisor since 2004, when she was elected to represent District 4, centered on the Bay View neighborhood. In 2014, Dimitrijevic sought the Democratic nomination for Wisconsin State Assembly District 19, she was endorsed by Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett and U. S. Representative Gwen Moore but was defeated by legislative aide Jonathan Brostoff. Dimitrijevic is considered a political opponent of Milwaukee County Executive Chris Abele. Tapped to lead the Wisconsin branch of the Working Families Party, Dimitrijevic announced on July 24, 2015 that she would resign as board chairwoman effective July 30.
In 2019 Marina Dimitrijevic had announced her bid for the Milwaukee Common Council. She was endorsed by Nikiya Dodd and is scheduled to run against incumbent Tony Zielinski as well as primary challenger Jason Auerbach as an alderwoman for Milwaukee's 14th District
Sherbrooke is a rural community on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia, Canada, in Guysborough County. It is located along a major river in Nova Scotia; the community is named for Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a colonial era Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. Gold was discovered in the area in 1861 and Sherbrooke entered a gold rush which lasted two decades; the economy of the community today revolves around fishing and lumber. The community is the site of an open-air museum called "Sherbrooke Village" which depicts life in the 1800s in the wake of the gold rush era. Sherbrooke is nestled between Sherbrooke St. Mary's River; the river was named for Fort Sainte-Marie, a French-built fort, taken over and destroyed by the British, is renowned for its angling and its run of wild Atlantic salmon. Over the past decades the population of Atlantic salmon has decreased and fishing of Atlantic salmon is prohibited, as is catch and release; the St. Mary's River is home to hundreds of different wildlife species, from the smallest insects to the many different predators.
The St. Mary's River has a length of over 200 km and has three main branches, the east branch, the west branch, the north branch; the branch feeds into the main river located by Sherbrooke, which empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The St. Mary's River is home to the famous Atlantic Salmon, but as listed above they are no longer allowed to be fished due to their critically low population; the river is home to bald eagles which make their home on old dead trees along the St. Mary's River, because of the food that await in the water below. If you are lucky, you may get to see one perched on an old tree as you drive along the St. Mary's River. Other common birds to see along the river are Osprey, Great-horned owls, a wide range of hawks. Another resident of the St. Mary's River is the wood turtle, a protected species. Surveys have been done along the St. Mary's River to learn the wood turtle population, their diet and breeding grounds. A common species of fish to see in the river and its many estuaries is the Speckled Brook Trout, which as makes its home in sheltered waters and underneath logs that have fallen in the brooks.
The brook trout is a food source for many of the birds along the St. Mary's River. Charles Baye de La Giraudière established a fort along the banks of the St. Mary's River in 1650, named Fort Sainte-Marie; the fort was captured by the British in 1669. James Fisher and his three sons from New Hampshire were among the first settlers of the community in 1805; the community is named in honour of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a colonial era Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. A schoolhouse was established in the community in 1815 and by 1818, two sawmills, a gristmill and a post office were present in the community, along with about twenty houses. A jail was opened in the community in 1827 and a courthouse was established in the community in 1858. A Presbyterian meeting house was established in the community in 1832. St. James' Anglican Church was built in the community in 1850 and was consecrated on August 15, 1885. St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church, built in nearby Goldenville in 1871, was moved to Sherbrooke in 1907.
Two new schoolhouses were built in 1860s respectively. Gold was discovered in the area in 1861. Sherbrooke and surrounding communities benefited from one of several gold rushes. Miners came from all over Canada and the United States to stake a claim in the gold of the Sherbrooke area. Goldenville, being the most popular for miners, was a boom town; as populous as it is today, in a short time it grew to many times its previous size. The gold rush lasted about 20 years. Mining was revived in the 20th century. Following the gold rush era, the economy for the area turned from gold mining to fishing and lumber. St. Mary's Memorial Hospital was opened on September 28, 1949 and St. Mary's Rural High School opened on November 14, 1953. Sherbrooke has a Chinese/Canadian restaurant, a Shoppers Drug Mart, an Irving gas station, an RBC bank, an RCMP detachment, a Nova Scotia Liquor Commission store, St. Mary's Memorial Hospital, which serves the District of St. Mary's. Saint Marys Education Centre/Academy is located in Sherbrooke.
It covers the entirety of St. Mary's; the school was constructed in 2013, from the amalgamation of St. Mary's Academy and St. Mary's Education Centre. Sherbrooke is the site of an important regional heritage site and tourist attraction known as Sherbrooke Village, an open-air museum depicting village life in the late 19th century. Founded in 1969 and part of the Nova Scotia Museum system, Sherbrooke Village employs a significant number of local residents, estimated to around 100 full-time and seasonal workers. There are 30 historic buildings including a working blacksmith shop, a pottery shop, a water powered lumber mill, located off site, a tea room, several animal barns which contain sheep, cow, chickens and peafowl or peacocks. Sherbrooke village is the largest component of the Nova Scotia Museum complex, it is open in the summer months from June to October and at select times during the rest of the year. In the winter, around the end of November there is a Christmas tree lighting, called "An Old Fashioned Christmas" that takes place in the Village and after the tree is lit a walk down the main street of Sherbrooke follows which leads down through Sherbrooke Village towards the ball field.
Local groups throughout the St. Mary's Municipality decorate the doors of the buildings in the village. A community group decorates the remaining parts of Sherbrooke V
Eucalyptus × brachyphylla is a mallee or small tree, endemic to a small area in Western Australia. It has rough bark near the base of the trunk, smooth greyish bark above, egg-shaped to elliptic adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven in leaf axils, white flowers and conical fruit. Eucalyptus × brachyphylla is a mallee or small tree that grows to a height of 4 metres and forms a lignotuber; the lower part of the trunk is rough with shed strips of greyish bark but the upper trunk and branches have smooth bronze-coloured and dark grey bark. The smaller branches are glaucous; the leaves on young plants and on coppice regrowth are glaucous, triangular to egg-shaped or more or less circular, 25–45 mm long, 15–35 mm wide and have a petiole. Adult leaves are egg-shaped to elliptic, 25–55 mm long, 15–35 mm wide and dull greyish green or glaucous on a petiole 2–5 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in groups of seven in leaf axils on a peduncle 4–13 mm long, the individual buds on a pedicel 2–3 mm long.
Mature buds are oval, 6–7 mm long, about 3 mm wide with a conical operculum. Flowering occurs in June and between August and September and the flowers are white; the fruit are conical, 5 -- 4 -- 6 mm wide with the valves enclosed or level with the rim. Eucalyptus brachyphylla was first formally described in 1943 by Charles Gardner from a specimen collected near Lake Cowan by George Brockway. In 1996 Peter Grayling and Ian Brooker proposed that E. brachyphylla is a hybrid between E. kruseana and E. loxophleba and this interpretation is accepted by the Australian Plant Census. The specific epithet is from the Ancient Greek brachys meaning "short" and phyllon meaning "leaf"; this eucalypt is only known from near Kalgoorlie, Cardunia Rock north of Karonie and Widgiemooltha where it grows near granite outcrops in undulating country. Eucalyptus × brachyphylla is classified as "Priority Four" by the Government of Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife, meaning, rare or near threatened