London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south-west London, forms part of Outer London and is the only London borough on both sides of the River Thames. It was created in 1965 when three smaller council areas amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963 and it is governed by Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council. The borough is approximately half parkland – large areas of Londons open space fall within the boundaries, including Richmond Park, Kew Gardens, Bushy Park. A neighbouring authority in Surrey achieved the best quality of life in that report, demography is a diverse picture as in all of London, each district should be looked at separately and even those do not reflect all neighbourhoods. Whatever generalisations are used, the texture of London poverty by its minutely localised geography must always be taken into account according to an influential poverty report of 2010. Londons German business and expatriate community is centred on this borough, the above are arranged by post town Parks take up a great deal of the borough and include Richmond Park, Bushy Park, Kew Gardens, and Hampton Court Park.
There are over 100 parks and open spaces within its boundary and 21 miles of river frontage,140 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt. The name Richmond upon Thames was coined at that time, it is now commonly but inaccurately used to refer to Richmond only, the boroughs history is reflected in the coat of arms, which was officially granted on 7 May 1966. It is, Ermine a portcullis or within a bordure gules charged with eight fleurs-de-lis or. The crest is, On a wreath argent and gules out of a mural crown gules a swan rousant argent in beak a branch of climbing red roses leaved and entwined about the neck proper. The supporters are, On either side a griffin gules and beaked azure, each supporting an oar proper, the blade of the dark blue. Red and ermine are the royal colours, reflecting Richmonds royal history. The swan represents the River Thames, which flows through the borough, the oars are from the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club, reflecting the fact that the Boat Race between the two universities ends at Mortlake in the borough.
The borough currently has a Conservative-led council which has been the most common administration since its formation, the borough is served by many Transport for London bus routes. The borough is connected to central London and Reading by the National Rail services of South West Trains, the London Undergrounds District line serves Richmond and Kew Gardens stations, both are served by London Overground trains on the North London Line. The other stations are, Barnes Bridge, Hampton, Hampton Wick, North Sheen, St Margarets, Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, Richmond upon Thames is the local education authority for the borough. The borough has a football club, Hampton & Richmond Borough F. C. who play at Beveree Stadium in Hampton. The Twickenham Stadium hosts rugby internationals and the Twickenham Stoop is home to the Harlequins Rugby Team, Richmond Rugby Club are active and share their grounds with London Scottish F. C
North Sheen railway station
North Sheen railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, in south London, and is in Travelcard Zone 3. The station, on the edge of Richmond, is named after the North Sheen area which. It was opened by the Southern Railway on 6 July 1930, the station and all trains serving it are now operated by South West Trains. North Sheen station serves the area between Mortlake and Richmond stations on the South West Trains main line rail service, North Sheen station is just off Manor Road, where there is a level crossing. Originally, the railway was planned to run through a cutting, allowing Green Lane to be carried over the railway by a road bridge. The station had a footbridge allowing access to the platforms from both sides of the level crossing, but now only the northern half of that bridge remains. A new bridge, on the side of the level crossing to the station, was opened in October 2013. When the level crossing is closed, passengers wishing to access to the platforms from the south side of Manor Road have to use both the new bridge and the existing one.
The station is not wheelchair-accessible, nor is the footbridge
Barnes railway station
Barnes railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, in south London, and is in Travelcard Zone 3. The station and all trains serving it are operated by South West Trains, the station, seven miles from Waterloo, was opened on 27 July 1846, when the line to Richmond was built. When the first section of the Hounslow Loop Line was opened on 22 August 1849, on the London side of the station there are four tracks, one pair turns off along the Loop Line here. The ticket office, adjacent to Platform 1, is now privately owned, the Barnes rail crash, in which 13 people were killed and 41 injured, occurred near this station on 2 December 1955. It is the nearest station for Queen Marys Hospital, Roehampton Club, Rosslyn Park F. C. grounds, train times and station information for Barnes railway station from National Rail
Petersham is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the east of the bend in the River Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows. Other nearby places include, Isleworth, Mortlake, Petersham appears in Domesday Book as Patricesham. It was held by Chertsey Abbey and its assets were,4 hides,1 church,5 ploughs,1 fishery worth 1000 eels and 1000 lampreys,3 acres of meadow. The village was the birthplace in 1682 of Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll and he went on to found the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh in 1727, and his face is on the obverse of all of the Royal Banks current banknotes. He died in 1798 and is buried in the churchyard of Petersham Parish Church and his grave in Portland stone, renovated in the 1960s, is now Grade II listed in view of its historical associations. In 1847 Queen Victoria granted Pembroke Lodge in the Petersham part of Richmond Park to John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Lord Russells grandson, Bertrand Russell, spent some of his childhood there also.
During World War II the GHQ Liaison Regiment established its regimental headquarters nearby at The Richmond Hill Hotel, in the early 19th century, Charles Stanhope, 4th Earl of Harrington, styled Lord Petersham, gave the name to a type of greatcoat. In 1955 Petersham gave its name to HMS Petersham which was a Ham class minesweeper, listed buildings include a watchmans box that served as a village lock-up and dates from 1787. Petersham Road includes an extremely sharp right-angled bend edged by a pair of handsome wrought-iron gates and this is the entrance to Montrose House, one of the most notable houses in Petersham. After a spate of accidents on the bend in the road. The Hon. Algernon Tollemache of Ham House was their leader, but various dents in the brick wall today reveal that motorists are still taken unawares by it. Adjacent to Montrose House and equally as impressive is Rutland Lodge, another interesting house in Petersham is Douglas House, just off the west drive to Ham House. One of its notable inhabitants was Catherine, Duchess of Queensberry.
In 1969 it was bought by the Federal Republic of Germany for use as a German school, new buildings have been erected in the grounds, but the original house and stables have been preserved. Petersham is served by two bus routes, the 65 and 371, both linking the town with Richmond and Kingston upon Thames. It was originally located in Richmond Park, near Petersham Gate, Petersham Parish Church is believed to pre-date the Norman conquest of England as a church at Petersham is mentioned in Domesday Book. All Saints on Bute Avenue was built as a church but was never consecrated and it was built between 1899 and 1909 by Leeds architect John Kelly for Mrs Rachael Warde as a memorial to her parents who had lived at Petersham House
Eel Pie Island
Eel Pie Island is an island in the River Thames at Twickenham in the Borough of Richmond upon Thames, London. It is situated on the Tideway and can be reached only by footbridge or boat, the island was known as a major jazz and blues venue in the 1960s. Eel Pie Island was earlier called Twickenham Ait and, before that, The Parish Ait, a bridge to the island was proposed in 1889, but it was not until 1957 that one was completed. Today, the island has about 50 houses with 120 inhabitants and it has nature reserves at either end, but there is no public access to these. The island is owned and the public can only access the main pathway from the bridge, passing all the doors. On a few weekends a year, usually in June and December and dubbed Artists Open Studios, the Eel Pie Studios or Oceanic Studios at The Boathouse on the mainland nearby, formerly owned by Pete Townshend, were the location of several significant pop and rock recordings. Townshends publishing company, Eel Pie Publishing, is named after the ait.
The island is home to Twickenham Rowing Club, one of the oldest rowing clubs on the Thames. The island was the site of the now legendary Eel Pie Island Hotel which was a genteel nineteenth-century building that hosted ballroom dancing during the 1920s and 1930s. In 1956 trumpeter Brian Rutland, who ran a local band called The Grove Jazz Band, sometime afterwards Arthur Chisnall took over the running of the club and continued to promote various jazz bands and in the 1960s rock and R&B groups. In 1969, the club reopened as Colonel Barefoots Rock Garden, with bands such as Black Sabbath, The Edgar Broughton Band, Genesis. I approached the owner Mr. Snapper who lived in Kingston & we agreed a rental deal, I called it Colonel Barefoots Rock Garden & plastered west london with quad crown posters. I booked in bands Edgar Broughton, Spooky Tooth, Deep Purple, King Crimson, Genesis Wishbone Ash, Mott The Hoople, Savoy Brown plus many more. There were two stages, the headliner was on the big stage and the support on the stage with the light show projectionist above it.
We had a bar doing tea, soft drinks, hot dogs and we did Colonel Barefoots Killer Punch and we gave it away along with beer in half pint plastic disposable cups. I had rows with the department as the emergency exits were chained shut to stop people bunking in. Eventually, after a raid by the Fire Chief, I closed down, I was living in Chiswick at this time. In 1969, the Eel Pie Island Hotel was occupied by a group of local anarchists including illustrator Clifford Harper
Taggs Island is an island in the River Thames in London, England on the reach above Molesey Lock and just above Ash Island. The centre of the island has a lake with access and private moorings surrounded by trees. Some of the Thamess most expensive houseboats are on this stretch of the Thames, known as the Thames Riviera, the island had previous names including Walnut Tree Ait and was a site for the growing of osiers used for basket making. Its modern name comes from the boat builder Thomas Tagg, who hired out boats on the island from 1841, in 1872 he built the Thames Hotel on the island. It became a venue frequented by Londons high society including Edward, Prince of Wales, in 1912 the impresario Fred Karno, who discovered Charlie Chaplin, purchased the island and rebuilt the hotel. He employed the noted theatre architect Frank Matcham to include a hall called The Karsino. The island became a resort which included, in addition to the hotel and music hall. Karno, who had a luxury houseboat permanently moored at the island, the economic downturn caused by the First World War meant that the islands fortunes waned.
The hotel was renamed The Casino but its popularity did not return and it was reopened two years as the Thames Riviera and a vehicle ferry was established to transport cars to the island. In 1940 it closed again, and after a history of attempts to revive or repurpose it that involved many financial collapses. The Astoria Houseboat, built by Fred Karno and owned by Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour, is visible from the island on the northern bank upstream, Taggs Island was eventually acquired by the houseboat residents who transformed the island into a houseboat community. In Hampton Court Road, near the junction of the leading to the island, is a sundial in the shape of a steel globe. Below it is a plaque reads, The Sundial was commissioned by the widow of Gerry Braban. Islands in the River Thames Taggs Island Web Site The Thames from Hampton Court to Sunbury Lock Enchanted island on the River Thames
Ham is a suburban district in south-west London which has meadows adjoining the River Thames where the Thames Path National Trail runs. Most of Ham is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and, within the ward of Ham and Richmond Riverside, Ham is centred 9.25 miles south-west of the centre of London. Together with Petersham, Ham lies east of the bend in the river almost surrounding it on three sides,1 mile south of Richmond and 2 miles north of Kingston upon Thames. Its elevation mostly ranges between 6m and 12m OD but reaches 20m in the foothill side-streets leading to Richmond Park, apart from semi-rural Petersham, Richmond Park and the town of Kingston, the neighbouring land is on the opposite side of the river and Twickenham. Ham is bounded on the west, along the bank of the River Thames, part of this former pasture land was used for gravel extraction. The last remnant of these gravel pits now forms an artificial lake, in this area is the Thames Young Mariners 10 acres site, operated as a water activity centre by Surrey County Council.
The area along the riverside is preserved as a public amenity, mostly on low-lying river terrace, Ham today is bounded to the east by Richmond Park, where the land rises at the escarpment of the Richmond and Kingston hills. Small streams that drain this higher ground flow into a watercourse that flows south-north along the foot of the hill, known as Latchmere Stream to the south, Ham lies within the London Basin and its London clay bedrock. The low-lying flood plains to the west consist of fluvial gravels, the name derives from the Old English word Hamme meaning place in the bend of a river. The Thames Valley has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic period and finds of Palaeolithic flints near to White Lodge and these have not been excavated, so it is impossible to date them precisely, but barrows are known to span the period from 3500BC to 900BC. Many of these artifacts are part of the Edwards Collection and housed in the Museum of Richmond, other finds from Ham are held at the Museum of London including an early Bronze Age collared urn, from the Edwards Collection.
The first early Saxon settlement found in the Greater London area was a Pit-house, or Grubenhaus, along with pottery finds dated to the 5th century AD, this suggests the area was amongst the first colonised by Saxon settlers. Historically, Ham covered a larger area, the boundaries shown in the tithe map of 1843 are believed to have changed little, if at all, for centuries. The earliest known record of Ham as a separate village dates from the 12th century when Hamma was included in the royal demesne as a member of Kingston. 4d. in 1168 towards the marriage of Matilda, the eldest daughter of Henry II, the related history of the Earls of Dysart dominated the development of Ham and Petersham for the following four centuries. In return for this, a deed was struck which has protected most of the remaining common land, Ham Common. The enclosed land, whilst lost to agriculture, remained within Hams administrative boundaries, the whole area was referred to as Ham cum Hatch, or Ham with Hatch, until late Victorian times.
Hesba Stretton, the Evangelical childrens writer, retired to Ivycroft, Ham Common in 1892, since 1965 Ham has been mostly in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Strawberry Hill, London
Strawberry Hill is an affluent area of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in Twickenham. It is a development situated 10.4 miles west south-west of Charing Cross. It consists of a number of roads centred on a small development of shops. The areas ACORN demographic type is characterised as well-off professionals, larger houses, St Marys University, the countrys oldest Roman Catholic University, is situated on Waldegrave Road. Its sports grounds were used as a site for the 2012 Olympics. The nineteenth-century development is named after Strawberry Hill, the fanciful Gothic Revival villa designed by author Horace Walpole between 1749 and 1776. It began as a small 17th century house little more than a cottage, with only 5 acres of land, after a £9 million, two year restoration, Strawberry Hill House re-opened to the public in October 2010. Other local attractions include, St Marys University, Twickenham Radnor Gardens Strawberry Hill railway station, a Guide to the Architecture of London,1983, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London The Strawberry Hill Residents Association
Richmond is a suburban town in southwest London,8.2 miles west-southwest of Charing Cross. The town is on a meander of the River Thames, with a number of parks and open spaces, including Richmond Park, and many protected conservation areas. A specific Act of Parliament protects the scenic view of the River Thames from Richmond, Richmond was founded following Henry VIIs building of Richmond Palace in the 16th century, from which the town derives its name. During this era the town and palace were particularly associated with Elizabeth I, during the 18th century Richmond Bridge was completed and many Georgian terraces were built, particularly around Richmond Green and on Richmond Hill. These remain well preserved and many have listed building architectural or heritage status, the opening of the railway station in 1846 was a significant event in the absorption of the town into a rapidly expanding London. Richmond was formerly part of the ancient parish of Kingston upon Thames in the county of Surrey, in 1890 the town became a municipal borough, which was extended to include Kew, Ham and part of Mortlake.
The municipal borough was abolished in 1965 when, as a result of boundary changes, Richmond is now part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, and has a population of 21,469. It has a significant commercial and retail centre with a developed day, the area now known as Richmond was formerly part of Shene. Shene was not listed in Domesday Book, although it is depicted on the maps as Sceon. Henry VII had a palace there and in 1501 he named it Richmond Palace in recognition of his earldom. The town that developed nearby took the name as the palace. Henry I lived briefly in the Kings house in Sheanes, Edward II, following his defeat by the Scots at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, founded a monastery for Carmelites at Sheen. When the boy-king Edward III came to the throne in 1327 he gave the manor to his mother Isabella, Edward spent over two thousand pounds on improvements, but in the middle of the work Edward himself died at the manor, in 1377. Richard II was the first English king to make Sheen his main residence and it was rebuilt between 1414 and 1422, but destroyed by fire 1497.
Following that fire Henry VII built a new residence at Sheen, there are unconfirmed beliefs that Shakespeare may have performed some plays there. Once Elizabeth I became queen she spent much of her time at Richmond and she died there on 24 March 1603. The palace was no longer in use after 1649, but in 1688 James II ordered partial reconstruction of the palace. The bulk of the palace had decayed by 1779, but surviving structures include the Wardrobe, Trumpeters House, and this has five bedrooms and was made available on a 65-year lease by the Crown Estate Commissioners in 1986
Richmond Lock and Footbridge
Richmond Lock and Footbridge is a lock and pedestrian bridge, situated on the River Thames in south west London, England and is a Grade II* listed structure. It is the furthest downstream of all the Thames locks and is the one owned and operated by the Port of London Authority. It was opened in 1894 and is situated close to the centre of Richmond in the western suburbs of London. The Richmond lock and weir complex was built between 1891 and 1894 by the Thames Conservancy to maintain a depth of water upstream of Richmond. This ensures that there is always at least a 1. 72m depth of water in the River between Richmond and Teddington. In 1908 an Act transferred responsibility for the Thames from a point 350 yards below Teddington Lock to the Port of London Authority, and this included Richmond Lock. This, together with dredging of the river, meant that for long periods the Thames at Twickenham. In 1890, after years of petitioning, an act of parliament was enacted to build a half-lock. To restore the river to its former state a barge lock was constructed against the Surrey side joined by a weir to three roller slipways for small craft on the Middlesex side.
As a superstructure was required to operate the mechanism, it was agreed to construct this in the form of two footbridges. The bridge was opened on 19 May 1894 by the Duke of York having cost £61,000 to construct. Technically, Richmond Lock is a lock and barrage, which incorporates a public footbridge. The footbridge crosses the lock, the slipway and the barrage. These gates weigh 32 tons each and are 66 feet in width and 12 feet in depth, the lock permits passage of vessels up to 250 feet long by 26 feet 8 inches wide. For about two hours each side of high tide, the gates which make up the barrage are raised into the footbridge structure above. For the rest of the cycle the sluice gates are closed. Rowing boats and kayaks can use the slipway, the sluice gates were originally manually operated by the lock keepers, who lived under pedestrian steps on each bank of the river. The barrage has the effect of maintaining the level between Richmond Lock and Teddington Lock at or above half-tide level