Notting Hill is an affluent district in West London, located north of Kensington within the Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea. Notting Hill is known for being a cosmopolitan and multicultural neighbourhood, hosting the annual Notting Hill Carnival and Portobello Road Market. From around 1870, Notting Hill had an association with artists. For much of the 20th century, the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman and became the target of white Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots. In the early 21st century, after decades of gentrification, Notting Hill has a reputation as an affluent and fashionable area known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses and high-end shopping and restaurants. A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase "the Notting Hill Set" to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who would become Prime Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer and were once based in Notting Hill.
Notting Hill is in the historic county of Middlesex. It was a hamlet on rural land until the expansion of urban London during the 19th century; as late as 1870 after the hamlet had become a London suburb, Notting Hill was still referred to as being in Middlesex rather than in London. The origin of the name "Notting Hill" is uncertain though an early version appears in the Patent Rolls of 1356 as Knottynghull, while an 1878 text and New London, reports that the name derives from a manor in Kensington called "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes," or "Nutting-barns", goes on to quote from a court record during Henry VIII's reign that "the manor called Notingbarons, alias Kensington, in the parish of Paddington, was held of the Abbot of Westminster." For years, it was thought to be a link with Canute, but it is now thought that the "Nott" section of the name is derived from the Saxon personal name Cnotta, with the "ing" part accepted as coming from the Saxon for a group or settlement of people.
The area in the west around Pottery Lane was used in the early 19th century for making bricks and tiles out of the heavy clay dug in the area. The clay was fired in a series of brick and tile kilns; the only remaining 19th-century tile kiln in London is on Walmer Road. In the same area, pig farmers moved in after being forced out of the Marble Arch area. Avondale Park was created in 1892 out of a former area of pig slurry called "the Ocean"; this was part of a general clean-up of the area which had become known as the Potteries and Piggeries. The area remained rural until London's westward expansion reached Bayswater in the early 19th century; the Ladbroke family was Notting Hill's main landowner, from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to develop the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital. Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the area's main north-south axis, Ladbroke Square, London's largest private garden square.
The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, other roads are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk. Ladbroke left the actual business of developing his land to the firm of City solicitors, Bayley, who worked with Allason to develop the property. In 1823 Allason completed a plan for the layout of the main portion of the estate; this marks the genesis of his most enduring idea – the creation of large private communal gardens known as "pleasure grounds", or "paddocks", enclosed by terraces and/or crescents of houses. Instead of houses being set around a garden square, separated from it by a road, Allason's houses would have direct access to a secluded communal garden in the rear, to which people on the street did not have access and could not see. To this day these communal garden squares continue to provide the area with much of its attraction for the wealthiest householders. In 1837 the Hippodrome racecourse was laid out.
The racecourse ran around the hill, bystanders were expected to watch from the summit of the hill. However, the venture was not a success, in part due to a public right of way which traversed the course, in part due to the heavy clay of the neighbourhood which caused it to become waterlogged; the Hippodrome closed in 1841, after which development resumed and houses were built on the site. The crescent-shaped roads that circumvent the hill, such as Blenheim Crescent, Elgin Crescent, Stanley Crescent, Cornwall Crescent and Landsdowne Crescent, were built over the circular racecourse tracks. At the summit of hill stands the elegant St John's church, built in 1845 in the early English style, which formed the centrepiece of the Ladbroke Estate development; the Notting Hill houses were large, but they did not succeed in enticing the richest Londoners, who tended to live closer to the centre of London in Mayfair or Belgravia. The houses appealed to the upper middle class, who could live there in Belgravia style at lower prices.
In the opening chapter of John Galsworthy's Forsyte Saga novels, he housed the Nicholas Forsytes "in Ladbroke Grove, a spacious abode and a great bargain". In 1862 Thomas Hardy left Dorchester for London to work with architect Arthur Blomfield.
Cornershop are a British indie rock band best known for their 1997 UK number-one single "Brimful of Asha". The band was formed in 1991 by Wolverhampton-born Tjinder Singh, his brother Avtar Singh, David Chambers and Ben Ayres, the first three having been members of Preston-based band General Havoc, who released one single in 1991; the band name originated from a stereotype referring to British Asians owning corner shops. Their music is a fusion of Indian music, indie rock and electronic dance music. Tjinder Singh formed the General Havoc whilst a student at Lancashire Polytechnic in Preston, in 1987, he relocated to Leicester, where his brother and sister lived, formed Cornershop in 1991 along with his brother Avtar, Chambers and Ayres, while working as a barman at Leicester's Magazine pub a popular local music venue. The band played their first gig at Leicester's O'Jays venue. In the early 1990s, when singer Morrissey was being vilified by the UK music press after accusations of racism, the band were invited to comment and the Melody Maker ran a story featuring the band burning a picture of the singer outside the offices of EMI.
Their debut release, the In The Days of Ford Cortina EP, was pressed on "curry-coloured vinyl", contained a blend of Indian-tinged noise pop. The sound mellowed somewhat with the release of debut album Hold On It Hurts in 1994, described by Trouser Press as "a politically charged popfest, ten tracks of noisy delights that meld incisive social commentary with a firm hold on British post-punk." The album impressed David Byrne sufficiently for him to sign the band to his Luaka Bop label. Although David Chambers left the band in 1994, replaced by Nick Simms, the band re-emerged in 1995 with the "6 a.m. Jullandar Shere" single and the album Woman's Gotta Have It touring the United States including some dates on the Lollapalooza tour; the band toured Europe with Beck and Oasis. The band released their critically acclaimed album When I Was Born for the 7th Time in September 1997; the album featured collaborations with Allen Ginsberg, Paula Frazer, Justin Warfield and a Yoko Ono- and Paul McCartney-approved cover of "Norwegian Wood" recorded in the Punjabi language.
The album was produced by Dan the Automator. Rolling Stone called it one of the essential recordings of the 1990s; the album was ranked No. 1 on Spin's list of'Top 20 Albums of the Year' The track "Brimful of Asha" topped the legendary Festive 50 rundown of John Peel's tracks of the year in 1997. Norman Cook loved the track and remixed the song, which became hugely popular and captured the attention of the world; the song was a tribute to the prolific Indian playback singer, Asha Bhosle, Tjinder's musical influences such as Trojan Records and vinyl culture in general. In 2000 Ayres and Singh released a disco inspired album Disco and the Halfway to Discontent as part of their side-project, Clinton; this album inspired the launch of the London-based clubnight called Buttoned Down Disco, which took its name from the third track on the album. Their next official Cornershop release was the 2002 album, Handcream for a Generation, which featured Noel Gallagher on guitar. According to their official website, Cornershop have been making a film about London’s independent music industry since 2003.
In 2004 the band released the track'Topknot' featuring the vocals of Bubbley Kaur on Rough Trade Records. In February 2006, some four years after their last album, they released another single "Wop the Groove" featuring guest vocals from Happy Mondays backing singer Rowetta. In 2008, their song "Candyman" was featured in the Nike advertisement for the Lebron James VI shoe, called the Six "Chalk" commercial. Cornershop released an album Judy Sucks a Lemon for Breakfast in July 2009, preceded by the single "The Roll-Off Characteristics" in May on their own record label called Ample Play. In 2011, Cornershop were awarded a prize for Commitment to Scene in the UK Asian Music Awards. An album Cornershop and the Double'O' Groove Of, a collaboration with Punjabi folk singer Bubbley Kaur, was released in March 2011 to critical acclaim in the UK; the band set up the Singhles Club Club, a subscription service featuring a series of musically diverse collaborations and exclusive digital artwork. The band's eighth album Urban Turban was released on 14 May 2012 and the ninth and recent album Hold On It's Easy was released on 2 February 2015.
In July 2015 they released a single "Pinpoint" with Welsh singer Angharad Van Rijswijk aka Accü In 2017 they gave an instrumental track called'Demon is a Monster' to the anti-Brexit podcast'Remainiacs' to use as a theme tune. The track was released digitally. Current membersTjinder Singh – vocals, bass, dholki Ben Ayres – guitars, keyboards, vocals Nick Simms – drums, vocals Peter Bengry – percussion Adam Blake – sitar, guitars Pete Downing – guitars James Milne – bass Former membersAvtar Singh – bass, vocals David Chambers – drums Anthony "Saffs" Saffery – sitar, keyboards Wallis Healey – guitars Pete Hall – percussion Official website
Bis (Scottish band)
Bis are a Scottish indie pop band composed of Steven Clark, John Clark, Amanda MacKinnon, formed in 1994. The band's name, rhyming with'this', derives from "black iron skyline", a lyric from the song "Twilight of a Champion" by The The; the band broke up in 2003, but re-formed in 2007 for a series of concerts. In 2009 they re-formed again this time with a bass player and a drummer, released a fourth album in 2014, their fifth album, Slight Disconnects, was released in February 2019. The three musicians formed Bis in late 1994 while Rin and Disco were in secondary school and Steven had finished there. After releasing their first singles the following year, they appeared on BBC Television's Top of the Pops in 1996 performing "Kandy Pop" from their Secret Vampire Soundtrack EP ahead of its release. Much was made at the time about them being the first'unsigned' band to do so, when in reality dozens of bands — in the late 1970s and in the cases of'novelty' acts — had appeared on the show with singles released on labels they either had no formal contract with other than as a distributor or, as with Bis, agreements signed on a single by single basis.
Bis released a number of EPs, three of which entered the UK Singles Chart in 1996, followed by several singles between 1997 and 1999. "Eurodisco", from second album Social Dancing, became a minor success for the band in Australia as well as the UK. Two of the band's early releases were on Glasgow's Chemikal Underground label, run by The Delgados, before they transferred to Wiiija where labelmates included Cornershop. In the United States, their records appeared on the underground label K Records, on the Beastie Boys' Grand Royal label, they toured extensively both in the UK and abroad, their diverse influences reflected in the kinds of acts they appeared with. The group became a favourite of the likes of Blur, John Peel and Green Day, despite a hostile review by Steven Wells in the New Musical Express entitled "The Sinking of the Bis-Lark"; the band had gained American popularity during the closing credits of The Powerpuff Girls. Their song "Detour" was given some radio airplay in the U. S, they enjoyed a period of success in Japan, selling nearly 100,000 copies of their debut album in its first week of release, but future releases failed to be anywhere near as successful.
The band broke up after playing a farewell show at King Tut's Wah Wah Hut. All remained active in the local music scene. Steven and John Disco played in Dirty Hospital and Rin acted as a DJ. Rin was in a band called The Kitchen, whilst Disco joined the ska band, The Amphetameanies, which included members of Belle & Sebastian, Franz Ferdinand and Pink Kross. In 2005, they announced on the official Bis website that together they had formed a new band called Data Panik, with Stuart Memo on bass and drummer Graham Christie. After releasing two 7" singles, this band split up. Bis contributed an old song to the game Jet Set Radio Future called "Statement of Intent". In 2005, Bis performed in animated form on the CBBC children's cartoon BB3B; as of 2006 Rin was working on solo material. In 2007 she teamed up with the Scottish electro-pop outfit, Juno!, has collaborated on their independently released singles, "Smoke & Mirrors" and "These Boys Are Athletes", as well as appearing live with the band, most at the Rock Ness 2008 Festival.
To celebrate the 10-year anniversary of the release of their debut album The New Transistor Heroes, Bis re-formed in April 2007 for three shows in Glasgow and London. A greatest hits compilation, titled We Are Bis from Glasgow, was released on compact disc to coincide with these shows. In August 2008, Rin released the solo single "DNA", which she followed up with the release of her debut album, My DNA with This Is Fake DIY in September 2008. More singer Manda Rin provided the artwork for an iPhone game called "All Fridges Are Psychotic", she has made two guest appearances on the BBC music quiz programme Never Mind the Buzzcocks. She teamed up with Hyperbubble on a track for their 2011 album Drastic Cinematic. In November 2009, Rin announced that the band would re-form to play at the Primavera Festival in May 2010, returning this time with a bassist and drummer, former Data Panik members, Stuart Memo and Graham Christie, respectively. In February 2014, the band announced they would release their fourth album, Data Panik Etcetera, on 15 May on Rough Trade Records.
The album was made available for streaming at NME on 28 April. The same year, the band's first three albums were re-released as double CD deluxe editions by the Do Yourself In label. In October 2017, the band announced that they were working on their fifth album, due for release in late 2018; the album, Slight Disconnects, is due to be released in February 2019 on Last Night From Glasgow. Manda Rin - vocals, keyboards Sci-Fi Steven - vocals, synthesizer John Disco - vocals, bass guitar Stuart Memo - bass guitar Graham Christie - drums Play Some Real Songs: A Bis Live CD Icky-Poo Air Raid Intendo I Love Bis Plastique Nouveau We Are Bis from Glasgow, Scotland The Anthology - 20 Years of Antiseptic Poetry Transmissions on the Teen-C Tip! Disco Nation 45 The Secret Vampire Soundtrack UK No. 25, SCO No. 16 Bis vs. the D
Huggy Bear (band)
Huggy Bear were an English riot grrrl band, formed in 1991 and based in Brighton. Evolving in tandem with the Olympia, Washington-based riot grrrl movement led by feminist bands such as Bikini Kill, Huggy Bear called themselves "girl-boy revolutionaries", both in reference to their political philosophy and the gender makeup of their band. For the majority of their existence, they refused to be photographed or interviewed by mainstream press, nor gave their full names once they began releasing records formally. In spite of a major label bidding war, Huggy Bear stayed with indie label Wiiija, their avant-garde debut EP, Rubbing the Impossible to Burst, was released in 1992, in the same year they began working with Bikini Kill as riot grrrl's popularity peaked on both sides of the Atlantic, culminating in a split album on Catcall Records and Kill Rock Stars called Our Troubled Youth/Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah, the names of the Huggy Bear and Bikini Kill sides, respectively. Huggy Bear released a series of EPs, which were collected on Taking the Rough with the Smooch.
No longer featuring Slade on guitar, Huggy Bear released two more singles and Weaponry Listens to Love in 1994, their first full-length album as well as their final release. On 14 February 1993, Huggy Bear performed "Her Jazz" on The Word. After their set, the band stayed in the studio to watch a report on two American models who called themselves "The Barbi Twins". Huggy Bear and their fans became upset at this and started shouting at the show's presenter Terry Christian, they were ejected from the studio, a spokesperson for The Word claimed that one of the band's friends had "bit the face of a member of our production team." Future Goldblade frontman and editor of music blog Louderthanwar, John Robb was with the band in the studio and said no-one got bitten and the security was heavy-handed and had to be calmed down. The performance was given a Melody Maker cover story, the event being compared to the Sex Pistols' Bill Grundy incident. Members of Huggy Bear played as The Furbelows. In 1993, Rowley and Johnson released an EP as The Element of Crime on Soul Static Sound records, with members of Linus, Skinned Teen, Sister George and Blood Sausage.
Elliott and Johnson joined Blood Sausage, while Rowley assisted Skinned Teen live and with artwork, Elliot guested on their 1994 album. After leaving Huggy Bear, Hill formed Phantom Pregnancies with Delia from Mambo Taxi and Sean from Wat Tyler. Slade joined I'm Being Good, Comet Gain. In 2014, Jo Johnson released a solo ambient album on Further Records. Niki Elliott: bass and vocals Jo Johnson: guitar and vocals Karen Hill: drums and piano Chris Rowley: vocals and piano Jon Slade: guitar Our Troubled Youth, mini LP split with Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah, 8 March'93, CATCALL / Kill Rock Stars 206 Weaponry Listens to Love, LP/CD, 21 Nov'94, WIIIJA We Bitched, cass,'92, WIIIJA Huggy Nation / Kisser Boy Kisser Girl, cass,'92, Soul Static Sound Taking the Rough with the Smooch, LP/CD,'93, KILL ROCK STARS/WIIIJA For Every Wolf That Roams, cass,'94, Famous Monsters of Filmland Rubbing the Impossible to Burst 7", SEPT'92, WIIIJA 16, Ltd edition of 2000 pressed Kiss Curl for the Kid's Lib Guerrillas, 7", DEC'92, WIIIJA 18 "14 February" / "Into the Mission" – one-sided 7" given out at a Brighton gig, 14.2.93 Her Jazz, 7", 93, CATCALL/WIIIJA – Trouble001 Shimmies in the Super 8, double 7", 4 songs of Huggy Bear, 2 of Darlin', 1 of COLM, 1 of Stereolab, 1993, DUOPHONIC, Ltd edition of 800 Don't Die, 7", AUG'93, WIIIJA 23 Long Distance Lovers, 7",'94, GRAVITY No. 9 Main Squeeze, miniCD,'94, FELLAHEEN RECORDS Jack 011-2 Huggy Bear videos at World News Archive fansite Huggy Nation – archive fansite Huggy Bear's last interview, Nov 1994 Huggy Bear gig listing WIIIJA records biog Allmusic biog Taking the Rough with the Smooch review Weaponry LP review – Allmusic Weaponry LP review – Furia Weaponry LP review – Punknews Huggy Bear tribute – The Guardian, 2008
Silverfish were a UK-based indie rock band, which formed in the late 1980s, first performed in Camden in 1988. The band split up in 1993, their lead singer was Scottish-born Lesley Rankine. The band had a high octane, indie punk metal sound, set alight by Rankine's distinctive vocals and feminist views. Famous lyrics "Hips, Lips, Power" adorned a popular T-shirt of the time; the other members of the band were. Founding member Fuzz was a regular "face" at London indie gigs of the time, is now a regular DJ at the Dublin Castle pub in Camden Town, London; the band stood out from many of their scene-contemporaries with a lineup, mixed in terms of both gender and ethnicity and a setlist, more liberally strewn with expletives than that of anyone else. Silverfish were the main focus of the so-called Camden lurch scene, a term invented by the music press to describe the fact that many of the prominent indie bands of the time resided in Camden, that they lurched; the band's 1980s EPs were collected in a 1990 compilation album called Cockeye.
The following year, they released their debut album, Fat Axl, toured with the band Pigface. In 1992, the group gained wider acclaim with their second album, Organ Fan and supported the band 7 Year Bitch. During the broadcast of a Peel session, BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel summed up their level of success: "If they were from New York, we'd be mad for them of course"; when the band split up in 1993, Rankine formed the band Ruby with Mark Walk. Cockeye Fat Axl Organ Fan - UK #65 Dolly Parton T. F. A. Fuckin' Driving or What? Silverfish With Scrambled Eggs Crazy Damn Fine
Action Swingers were an indie rock/garage punk band formed in the late 1980s in New York City, fronted by singer/guitarist Ned Hayden, the only constant member. During its history the band featured members of several other bands, both as full members and guest musicians; the band split up in 1998. The band was formed in the late 1980s by Ned Hayden along with Pussy Galore member Julia Cafritz, with drummer Johan Kugelberg and producer Don Fleming, they recorded debut single "Bum My Trip" / "Kicked in the Head" in 1989, Fleming contributing drums to the follow-up, "Fear of a Fucked Up Planet". Hayden and Cafritz were joined by Unsane bassist Pete Shore and former Sonic Youth/Pussy Galore drummer Bob Bert, this lineup recording the self-titled debut album, released in September 1991. Cafritz had left by early 1992, forming Free Kitten with Kim Gordon, with guitarist Bruce Bennett and bassist Howie Pyro playing on a session recorded for John Peel's BBC Radio 1 show in March that year; the More Fast Numbers EP followed in mid-1992.
Former Loveblobs/future Part Chimp member Tim Cedar replaced Bert for live shows in 1993 and a lineup of Hayden and bassist Barry Stillwell recorded tracks in Toe Rag Studios that would see release as Complete Toe Rag Session. J Mascis played drums on two early tracks by the band. Two further albums were released — Decimation Blvd. and the compilation Quit While You're Ahead — before the band split up. A recording of the band's final live performance, in New York in 1998, was released as a live album in 2004; the final lineup comprised drummer Dave Lindsay and former Vacant Lot bassist Brett Wilder. Allmusic writer Erik Hage described the band's sound as "incendiary garage punk"; the band were described by The New York Times as "punk without pretences. Brutally elemental and patently obnoxious". Hayden formed the Ned Hayden Experience and the Ned Hayden Band, he lives in the suburbs of New York City with his wife and daughter. Action Swingers, Primo Scree Decimation Blvd. CarolineLive Enough Already!...
Live!, Reptilian - recorded 1998Compilations Quit While You're Ahead, Caroline Complete London Toe Rag Session, Reptilian More Fast Numbers, Wiiija "Bum My Trip"/"Kicked in the Head", Noiseville "Fear Of A Fucked Up Planet", Primo Scree Live At The Sausage Machine - Wiiija Grunge War - Monday 19th October 1992, Wiiija - split flexi-disc with Loveblobs, included the track "Courtney Love" "Heavy Medication", Reptilian "Miserable Life"/"Losing My Cool", Total Punk
Rough Trade (shops)
Rough Trade is a group of independent record shops in the UK and the US with headquarters in London, UK. The first Rough Trade shop was opened in 1976 by Geoff Travis in the Ladbroke Grove district of west London. In 1978, the shop spawned Rough Trade Records, which became the label of bands from The Smiths to The Libertines. In 1982, the two separated and the shop remains an independent entity from the label, although links between the two are strong. At the same time, the shop moved from its original location on Kensington Park Road round the corner to Talbot Road. In 1988, a shop opened in Covent Garden. At various times there were shops in San Francisco and Paris, they were closed following the rise of music sales on the Internet. Rough Trade replaced these stores with an online music store. In 2007, it opened in Dray Walk, Brick Lane, in east London. Musically, Rough Trade specialises in the post-punk genre, but carries items through a range of genres within the alternative or underground scenes.
The shop has released several compilation albums, each focusing on an individual genre such as indie-pop, country, singer songwriter and roll and post-punk. Every January since 2003, it has released a compilation putting together the best of the previous year's music entitled Counter Culture. In 2007, there was the release of Counter Culture 76, reflecting the music of year the shop opened, it released a 4-CD box set for its 25th anniversary in 2001, a special collection of songs chosen by customers was released to celebrate the 30th anniversary in 2006. The store was the first Rough Trade shop and opened at 202 Kensington Park Road in 1976, it moved to 130 Talbot Road. The Covent Garden shop opened in 1988 and was located in the basement of Slam City Skates in Neal's Yard, it closed down shortly before Rough Trade East opened in 2007. In July 2007, Rough Trade opened a 5,000-square-foot shop in Brick Lane; the shop, called "Rough Trade East", is located in the former Truman's Brewery in a courtyard off Brick Lane and puts on free music gigs on a high-spec stage, allowing for an audience of 200.
The shop sells some chart titles, music from bands without distribution deals and a quarter of the merchandise is vinyl. Every item, vinyl and CD, has a written description to encourage discovery. Designed by David Adjaye the shop has a fair trade café and a "snug" area with iMacs and desks. In the first half of 2007, CD sales had fallen by 10 percent and in the month of the shop opening the UK music chain Fopp went into administration. Stephen Godfroy, the store director, said, "I don't think music belongs on the high street as the high street exists at the moment", that retailers, not the consumers, are to blame for the decline in sales. In September 2007, sales in Rough Trade East had exceeded expectations by 20 percent. Stephen Godfroy explained. It's got to be complementary to modern lifestyles and competitive on pricing and have confidence in recommending exciting new products and not rely on chart product." Rough Trade Shops has investors from XL recordings and Beggars Banquet Records causing some to question its independence.
In April 2012, it was announced that Rough Trade would be opening a store in the Williamsburg neighbourhood of Brooklyn, in partnership with Bowery Presents. The store, including a performance space and a coffee counter, was scheduled to open in late 2012; the store opened on 25 November 2013. To complement Nottingham's vibrant music scene, Rough Trade opened a store on Broad Street in Nottingham's Lace Market area in 2014; the store has a performance area on the first floor. Rough Trade Records Cassette culture Official website Rough Trade Shops Compilations – Discography