At Night I Pray
"At Night I Pray" is a song by Wild Orchid, released as the first single from their self-titled debut, Wild Orchid. "At Night I Pray" reached the top 40 of the Top 40 Mainstream chart in the United States and Canada. The song gained high and stable airplay which boosted the sales of the single. Though it only reached #63 on the Hot 100 it remained on the charts for a great number of weeks becoming their longest running single there; the music video featured Ferguson and Sandstrom performing the song inside a church at nighttime. The video gained sustainable rotation by MTV, VH1 and BET; the director's cut version shows new scenes that feature Ferguson and Sandstrom performing the song in different parts of the church and people, both inside and outside the church, interacting with each other. US Maxi-CD At Night I Pray 4:28 At Night I Pray 7:33 At Night I Pray 4:28 At Night I Pray 4:25 At Night I Pray 4:22US Vinyl, 12", Promo At Night I Pray 4:22 At Night I Pray 4:28 Featuring L. V. Edit At Night I Pray 4:28 Featuring K-BORNE Edit At Night I Pray 7:33 Featuring L.
V. All Night Jam At Night I Pray 4:25 At Night I Pray 4:34Europe Maxi-CD At Night I Pray 4:22 At Night I Pray 4:25 At Night I Pray 4:28 At Night I Pray Featuring – K-Borne
Billboard Music Award
The Billboard Music Award is an honor given out annually by Billboard, a publication and music popularity chart covering the music business. The Billboard Music Awards show had been held annually since 1990 and the event was held in December until it went dormant in 2006; the awards returned in 2011 and are now held annually in May as the last of the Big Three major music awards. The 2018 Billboard Music Awards aired live on NBC on May 20. Unlike other awards, such as the Grammy Award, which determine nominations as a result of the highest votes received by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the Billboard Music Awards finalists are based on album and digital songs sales, radio airplay and social engagement; these measurements are tracked year-round by Billboard and its data partners, including Nielsen Music and Next Big Sound. The 2018 awards are based on the reporting period of April 8, 2017 through March 31, 2018. Awards are given for the top album and single in a number of different music genres.
Whitney Houston won the award for "#1 World Artist". This field shows winners of "Artist of the Year", "Top Artist". From 1989 to 2006, the show had the same categories and category names every year. In 2011, for the first time, all of the awards were renamed to "Top "; the "of the year" portion of each category title no longer exists, many of the awards have been further renamed. Other awards, including both "crossover" awards were discontinued; as of 2017, there are two fan-voted categories. The general categories are Top Billboard 200 Album, Top Hot 100 Song and Top New Artist; these categories highlighted in each award and other categories are divided by genre. Top Artist Top New Artist Top Male Artist Top Female Artist Top Duo/Group Top Billboard 200 Artist Top Billboard 200 Album Top Hot 100 Artist Top Hot 100 Song Top Touring Artist Top Song Sales Artist Top Selling Album Top Selling Song Top Radio Songs Artist Top Radio Song Top Streaming Artist Top Streaming Song Top Streaming Song Top Collaboration Top R&B Artist Top R&B Male Artist Top R&B Female Artist Top R&B Album Top R&B Song Top R&B Tour Top Rap Male Artist Top Rap Female Artist Top Rap Album Top Rap Song Top Rap Tour Top Country Artist Top Country Male Artist Top Country Female Artist Top Country Duo/Group Artist Top Country Album Top Country Song Top Country Tour Top Rock Artist Top Rock Album Top Rock Song Top Rock Tour Top Latin Artist Top Latin Album Top Latin Song Top Dance/Electronic Artist Top Dance/Electronic Album Top Dance/Electronic Song Top Christian Artist Top Christian Album Top Christian Song Top Gospel Artist Top Gospel Album Top Gospel Song Top Soundtrack Top Social Artist Billboard Chart Achievement 2011: Neil Diamond 2012: Stevie Wonder 2013: Prince 2014: Jennifer Lopez 2016: Celine Dion 2017: Cher 2018: Janet Jackson 2019: Mariah Carey In 1988, Michael Jackson was honored with Billboard's first Spotlight Award for being the first artist in history to have five consecutive number ones singles on Billboard Hot 100 from one album.
In 2012, Katy Perry was honored with Billboard's second Spotlight award for being the second and first female artist in history to have five consecutive number ones singles on Billboard Hot 100 from one album. 1992: Special Award commemorating the 10th Anniversary of Thriller: Michael Jackson 1996: Special Award for most weeks at No. 1 on The Billboard Hot 100: Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men 1997: Special Award honoring "Candle In the Wind 1997" as the all-time best selling single: Elton John and Bernie Taupin 1998: Special Award for the most No. 1s by a female artist: Mariah Carey 2000: Special Award for biggest one-week sales of an album: No Strings Attached, NSYNC 2000: Special Award for biggest one-week sales of an album by a female artist, Oops!... I Did It Again, Britney Spears 2001: Special Award for biggest one-week sales for an album in 2001: Celebrity, NSYNC 2002: Special Award for 1982 album Thriller, which spent more weeks at No. 1 than any other album in the history of the Billboard 200: Michael Jackson 2003: Special Hot 100 Award for Most Weeks at No. 1: Beyoncé The record for most Billboard Music Awards won is held by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift with 23 wins.
Since its inception, the BMAs had been telecast on the Fox network. Plans for a new version of the awards in 2008 fell through, the BMAs were not held until 2011. On February 17, 2011, Billboard announced that it would bring the BMAs back to television, moving from its original home on Fox to its new network, ABC, on May 22, 2011. A new award statuette was created by New York firm Society Awards. Dick Clark Productions, co-owned with Billboard, began producing the ceremony in 2014. On November 28, 2017, it was announced that the Billboard Music Awards would be moving from ABC to NBC beginning in 2018 under a multi-year contract. Billboard Live Music Awards Billboard Japan Music Awards Billboard Latin Music Awards Billboard Women in Music Official website
MTV is an American pay television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. The channel was launched on August 1, 1981, aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys". At first, MTV's main target demographic was young adults, but today it is teenagers high school and college students. Since its inception, MTV has toned down its music video programming and its programming now consists of original reality and drama programming and some off-network syndicated programs and films, with limited music video programming in off-peak time periods. MTV had struggled with the secular decline of music-related subscription-based media, its ratings had been said to be failing systematically, as younger viewers shift towards other media platforms, with yearly ratings drops as high as 29%. In April 2016, then-appointed MTV president Sean Atkins announced plans to restore music programming to the channel. Under current MTV president Chris McCarthy, reality programming has once again become prominent.
MTV has spawned numerous sister channels in the U. S. and affiliated channels internationally, some of which have gone independent, with 90.6 million American households in the United States receiving the channel as of January 2016. Several earlier concepts for music video-based television programming had been around since the early 1960s; the Beatles had used music videos to promote their records starting in the mid-1960s. The creative use of music videos within their 1964 film A Hard Day's Night the performance of the song "Can't Buy Me Love", led MTV on June 26, 1999, to honor the film's director Richard Lester with an award for "basically inventing the music video". In his book The Mason Williams FCC Rapport, author Mason Williams states that he pitched an idea to CBS for a television program that featured "video-radio", where disc jockeys would play avant-garde art pieces set to music. CBS rejected the idea, but Williams premiered his own musical composition "Classical Gas" on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, where he was head writer.
In 1970, Philadelphia-based disc jockey Bob Whitney created The Now Explosion, a television series filmed in Atlanta and broadcast in syndication to other local television stations throughout the United States. The series featured promotional clips from various popular artists, but was canceled by its distributor in 1971. Several music programs originating outside of the US, including Australia's Countdown and the United Kingdom's Top of the Pops, which had aired music videos in lieu of performances from artists who were not available to perform live, began to feature them by the mid-1970s. In 1974, Gary Van Haas, vice president of Televak Corporation, introduced a concept to distribute a music video channel to record stores across the United States, promoted the channel, named Music Video TV, to distributors and retailers in a May 1974 issue of Billboard; the channel, which featured video disc jockeys, signed a deal with US Cable in 1978 to expand its audience from retail to cable television.
The service was no longer active by the time MTV launched in 1981. In 1977, Warner Cable a division of Warner Communications and the precursor of Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment launched the first two-way interactive cable television system named QUBE in Columbus, Ohio; the QUBE system offered many specialized channels. One of these specialized channels was Sight on Sound, a music channel that featured concert footage and music-oriented television programs. With the interactive QUBE service, viewers could vote for their favorite artists; the original programming format of MTV was created by media executive Robert W. Pittman, who became president and chief executive officer of MTV Networks. Pittman had test-driven the music format by producing and hosting a 15-minute show, Album Tracks, on New York City television station WNBC-TV in the late 1970s. Pittman's boss Warner-Amex executive vice president John Lack had shepherded PopClips, a television series created by former Monkee-turned solo artist Michael Nesmith, whose attention had turned to the music video format in the late 1970s.
The inspiration for PopClips came from a similar program on New Zealand's TVNZ network named Radio with Pictures, which premiered in 1976. The concept itself had been in the works since 1966, when major record companies began supplying the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation with promotional music clips to play on the air at no charge. Few artists made the long trip to New Zealand to appear live. On Saturday, August 1, 1981, at 12:01 AM Eastern Time, MTV was launched with the words "Ladies and gentlemen and roll," spoken by John Lack and played over footage of the first Space Shuttle launch countdown of Columbia and of the launch of Apollo 11; those words were followed by the original MTV theme song, a crunching rock tune composed by Jonathan Elias and John Petersen, playing over the American flag changed to show MTV's logo changing into various textures and designs. MTV producers Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert used this public domain footage as a concept. A shortened version of the shuttle launch ID ran at the top of every hour in various forms, from MTV's first day until it was pulled in early 1986 in the wake of the Challenger disaster.
Beverly Hills, 90210
Beverly Hills, 90210 is an American teen drama television series created by Darren Star and produced by Aaron Spelling under his production company Spelling Television. The series ran for ten seasons on Fox from October 4, 1990, to May 17, 2000, is the longest-running show produced by Spelling, it is the first of five television series in the Beverly Hills, 90210 franchise and follows the lives of a group of friends living in the upscale and star-studded community of Beverly Hills, California, as they transition from high school to college and into the adult world. "90210" refers to one of the city's five ZIP codes. The initial premise of the show was based on the adjustment and culture shock that twins Brandon and Brenda Walsh experienced when they and their parents and Cindy, moved from Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Beverly Hills. In addition to chronicling the characters' friendships and romantic relationships, the show addressed topical issues such as sex, date rape, animal rights, drug abuse, domestic violence, eating disorders, racism, teenage suicide, teenage pregnancy, AIDS.
After poor ratings during its first season, the series gained popularity during the summer of 1991, when Fox aired a special "summer season" of the show while most other series were in reruns. Viewership increased and 90210 became one of Fox's top shows when it returned that fall; the show became a global pop culture phenomenon with its cast members Jason Priestley and Luke Perry, who became teen idols. The show is credited with creating or popularizing the teen soap genre that many other successful television shows followed in the years to come; the show had many cast changes. On February 27, 2019, it was announced that a six-episode revival has been ordered by Fox and that the show would be titled 90210; the series begins with the introduction of the Walsh family—Jim, Cindy and Brenda—who have moved from Minneapolis, Minnesota to Beverly Hills, California as a result of Jim's job promotion. In the first episode and Brenda begin attending West Beverly Hills High School, where they befriend several classmates: the self-centered and promiscuous Kelly Taylor and spoiled Steve Sanders and driven Andrea Zuckerman and virtuous Donna Martin, brooding loner Dylan McKay, younger and naive students David Silver and Scott Scanlon.
The show follows the siblings as they bear witness and take part in the dramatic lives that their wealthy and privileged peers lead. Cast Notes Originally pitched as Beverly Hills High to Fox Chairman Peter Chernin, the show was chosen over a TV adaptation of the 1988 movie Heathers. Torand Productions was used by the production company for several seasons on the show. "Torand" is derived from the first several letters of Aaron Spelling's first and second children and Randy. Tentative titles for the show included Class of Beverly Hills; the show's episodes were issue-based until the producers decided it should become a teen soap opera. In the first season, the teenage characters were said to be in the eleventh grade, but due to the success of the show, their ages were retconned to be one year younger in the second season, making them tenth graders in the first. Jennie Garth had to audition five times for the role of Kelly Taylor and was the first to be cast on the show. Gabrielle Carteris felt.
She first auditioned for Brenda because she thought that being a real-life twin would help her chances, but the producers felt that she would be better for the part of Andrea. When Tori Spelling auditioned for the show, she used the name Tori Mitchell and auditioned for the role of Kelly Taylor, but she was recognized and was instead cast as Donna Martin. Tori Spelling brought Shannen Doherty to her father's attention after seeing Doherty's movie Heathers and being impressed with her performance. Lyman Ward was cast as Jim Walsh in the pilot but was replaced by James Eckhouse, Ward's scenes were cut and re-shot with Eckhouse. Kristin Dattilo was up for the role of Brenda Walsh, but she turned it down, she guest starred as Melissa Coolidge in an episode of the first season. Additionally, Luke Perry had auditioned for the role of Steve Sanders, but the role went to Ian Ziering before Perry was cast as Dylan McKay. Perry's character was not an original cast member of the show, he was first featured in the show's second episode.
He was intended to only appear in one story arc, for one or two episodes. Fox was reluctant to have him included as a regular, but Aaron Spelling felt differently and gave Perry a bigger role during the first two years until the network was won over. In the first season, when Donna tries out for school D. J. she is referred to as Donna Morgan. Throughout the rest of the show, her name is Donna Martin. In addition, in the first season Donna's mother was named Nancy Martin and played by actress Jordana Capra; when she was reintroduced in season two, she was named Felice Martin and was played by actress Katherine Cannon. In the pilot episode, the role of Jackie Taylor was first played by Pamela Galloway and by Ann Gillespie for the rest of the series. Terence Ford and Arthur Brooks portrayed Dylan's father, Jack McKay, in two episodes before Josh Taylor assumed the role; the series was produced in Van Nuys, Los An
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, reviews and style, is known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres, it hosts events, owns a publishing firm, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegen's interest in 1900 for $500. In the early years of the 20th century, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows, created a mail service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the music industry as the jukebox and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment, so that it could focus on music.
After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985, has since been owned by various parties. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio by William Donaldson and James Hennegan on November 1, 1894, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry, was known as Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the primary means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production. The first issues were just eight pages long; the paper had columns like "The Bill Room Gossip" and "The Indefatigable and Tireless Industry of the Bill Poster". A department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896; the title was changed to The Billboard in 1897. After a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegan's interest in the business in 1900 for $500 to save it from bankruptcy.
That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a weekly paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco and Paris, re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment such as fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of outdoor events in 1901. Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism and new shows, it had a "stage gossip" column covering the private lives of entertainers, a "tent show" section covering traveling shows, a sub-section called "Freaks to order". According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published news articles "attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting'good taste' and fighting yellow journalism"; as railroads became more developed, Billboard set up a mail forwarding system for traveling entertainers. The location of an entertainer was tracked in the paper's Routes Ahead column Billboard would receive mail on the star's behalf and publish a notice in its "Letter-Box" column that it has mail for them.
This service was first introduced in 1904, became one of Billboard's largest sources of profit and celebrity connections. By 1914, there were 42,000 people using the service, it was used as the official address of traveling entertainers for draft letters during World War I. In the 1960s, when it was discontinued, Billboard was still processing 1,500 letters per week. In 1920, Donaldson made a controversial move by hiring African-American journalist James Albert Jackson to write a weekly column devoted to African-American performers. According to The Business of Culture: Strategic Perspectives on Entertainment and Media, the column identified discrimination against black performers and helped validate their careers. Jackson was the first black critic at a national magazine with a predominantly white audience. According to his grandson, Donaldson established a policy against identifying performers by their race. Donaldson died in 1925. Billboard's editorial changed focus as technology in recording and playback developed, covering "marvels of modern technology" such as the phonograph, record players, wireless radios.
It began covering coin-operated entertainment machines in 1899, created a dedicated section for them called "Amusement Machines" in March 1932. Billboard began covering the motion picture industry in 1907, but ended up focusing on music due to competition from Variety, it created a radio broadcasting station in the 1920s. The jukebox industry continued to grow through the Great Depression, was advertised in Billboard, which led to more editorial focus on music; the proliferation of the phonograph and radio contributed to its growing music emphasis. Billboard published the first music hit parade on January 4, 1936, introduced a "Record Buying Guide" in January 1939. In 1940, it introduced "Chart Line", which tracked the best-selling records, was followed by a chart for jukebox records in 1944 called Music Box Machine charts. By the 1940s, Billboard was more of a music industry specialist publication; the number of charts it published grew after World War II, due to a growing variety of music interests and genres.
It had eight charts by 1987, covering different genres and formats, 28 charts by 1994. By 1943, Billboard had about 100 employees; the magazine's offices moved to Brighton, Ohio in 1946 to New York City in 1948. A five-column tabloid format was adopted in November 1950 and coated paper was first used in Billboard's print issues in January 1963, allowing for photojournalis
Aaron Spelling was an American film and television producer. Some of his works include the TV programs Charlie's Angels, The Love Boat, Hart to Hart, Beverly Hills, 90210, 7th Heaven, Charmed, he served as producer of Mod Squad, The Rookies, Sunset Beach. Through his eponymous production company Spelling Television, Spelling holds the record as the most prolific television writer and producer in US television history, with 218 producer and executive producer credits. Forbes ranked him the 11th top-earning deceased celebrity in 2009. Spelling was born in Texas, he was David Spelling, Russian-Jewish immigrants. His father worked as a tailor and changed his surname from Spurling to Spelling after immigrating to the United States. Spelling had three brothers: Sam and Daniel, a sister, Becky. At the age of eight, Spelling psychosomatically lost the use of his legs due to trauma caused by constant anti-semitic bullying from his schoolmates, was confined to bed for a year, he made a full recovery. After attending Forest Avenue High School in Dallas, he served in the United States Army Air Corps as a pilot during World War II.
Spelling graduated from Southern Methodist University in 1949, where he was a cheerleader. He married actress Carolyn Jones in 1953, in California, they divorced in 1964. Spelling married Candy Gene in 1968; the couple had daughter Tori in 1973 and son Randy in 1978. In 1988, Spelling bought the 6-acre property of Bing Crosby's former Los Angeles house, he demolished the property and built a 123-room home on the lot in 1991. Known as "The Manor", it has 56,500 square feet of floor space and is the largest single-family home in Los Angeles. Spelling's widow Candy listed the home for sale in 2008 for $150 million. Heiress Petra Ecclestone purchased the property for $85 million in 2011 through a brokered agreement, developed by Brandon Davis, the brother of Jason Davis and grandson of wealthy industrialist, Marvin Davis. Spelling made his first appearance as an actor in a film as Harry Williams in Vicki, directed by Harry Horner, in 1953; that same year, he appeared in the TV series I Led Dragnet. Spelling appeared in an episode of I Love Lucy and Alfred Hitchcock Presents.
He continued to appear in films and TV over 25 times by 1957, appearing as an actor in 1963, 1995, 1998 Spelling sold his first script to Jane Wyman Presents in 1954. He guest starred that same year as a dogcatcher in the premiere episode of the CBS situation comedy, starring June Havoc as a young lawyer in New Hampshire, who relocates to New York City to represent a vaudeville troupe. Two years Spelling began to achieve considerable experience as a producer and additional credits as a script writer working on the Four Star television series Zane Grey Theater, which aired between 1956 and 1961. Of the 149 episodes in that series, he wrote no fewer than twenty of the teleplays and produced a significant number of others. In October 25, 1965, after his exit from Four Star Television as a staff writer prior to becoming a producer, Aaron Spelling formed his own company with Danny Thomas, Thomas Spelling Productions. Thomas-Spelling Productions was a television production company formed by comedian Danny Thomas and producer Aaron Spelling on April 15, 1966 as a partnership with 24 properties.
Thomas continued T&L Productions, with Sheldon Leonard. The company adapted its name by July 18, 1966 when it announced the financial involvement of ABC with its first show, Range, a half-hour comedy western starring Tim Conway. and its rented space on Desilu Productions' Gower lot. ABC picked up another show for a pilot, just in an outline treatment, in The Guns of Will Sonnett. Thomas-Spelling Productions' active operations ended with the last season of The Mod Squad in 1972. Spelling formed a new partnership with Spelling-Goldberg Productions. Beginning in 1965, Spelling began an award-winning legacy of producing successful television shows including The Mod Squad, The Rookies, Charlie's Angels, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat, Beverly Hills, 90210, 7th Heaven, Jane's House and Sunset Beach. Spelling founded Spelling Entertainment in 1965, alongside partnerships with comedian/actor Danny Thomas, television/film producer Leonard Goldberg He produced the unsuccessful situation comedy The San Pedro Beach Bums in 1977.
In 2004, Spelling was portrayed in two television movies: Dan Castellaneta portrayed Spelling in Behind the Camera: The Unauthorized Story of Charlie's Angels, Nicholas Hammond portrayed Spelling in television movie Dynasty: The Making of a Guilty Pleasure. On September 15, 1978, Spelling was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6667 Hollywood Blvd. In 1996, he was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. In 2001, Spelling was diagnosed with oral cancer. On June 23, 2006, Spelling died at The Manor, his estate in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles, from complications of a stroke he suffered five days prior. A private funeral was held several days and Spelling was entombed in a mausoleum in Culver City's Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery. On August 27, 2006, Spelling was posthumously honored at the 58th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards by former employees Joan Collins, Stephen Collins, Heather Locklear, Farrah Fawcett, Kate Jackson and Jaclyn Smith. On April 4, 2007, i
Sony Corporation is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Tokyo. Its diversified business includes consumer and professional electronics, gaming and financial services; the company owns the largest music entertainment business in the world, the largest video game console business and one of the largest video game publishing businesses, is one of the leading manufacturers of electronic products for the consumer and professional markets, a leading player in the film and television entertainment industry. Sony was ranked 97th on the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list. Sony Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony Group, engaged in business through its four operating components: electronics, motion pictures and financial services; these make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. The group consists of Sony Corporation, Sony Pictures, Sony Mobile, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Sony Music, Sony/ATV Music Publishing, Sony Financial Holdings, others.
Sony is among the semiconductor sales leaders and since 2015, the fifth-largest television manufacturer in the world after Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, TCL and Hisense. The company's current slogan is Be Moved, their former slogans were The One and Only, It's like.no.other and make.believe. Sony has a weak tie to the Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group corporate group, the successor to the Mitsui group. Sony began in the wake of World War II. In 1946, Masaru Ibuka started an electronics shop in a department store building in Tokyo; the company started with a total of eight employees. In May 1946, Ibuka was joined by Akio Morita to establish a company called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo; the company built Japan's first tape recorder, called the Type-G. In 1958, the company changed its name to "Sony"; when Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo was looking for a romanized name to use to market themselves, they considered using their initials, TTK. The primary reason they did not is that the railway company Tokyo Kyuko was known as TTK.
The company used the acronym "Totsuko" in Japan, but during his visit to the United States, Morita discovered that Americans had trouble pronouncing that name. Another early name, tried out for a while was "Tokyo Teletech" until Akio Morita discovered that there was an American company using Teletech as a brand name; the name "Sony" was chosen for the brand as a mix of two words: one was the Latin word "sonus", the root of sonic and sound, the other was "sonny", a common slang term used in 1950s America to call a young boy. In 1950s Japan, "sonny boys" was a loan word in Japanese, which connoted smart and presentable young men, which Sony founders Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka considered themselves to be; the first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955 but the company name did not change to Sony until January 1958. At the time of the change, it was unusual for a Japanese company to use Roman letters to spell its name instead of writing it in kanji; the move was not without opposition: TTK's principal bank at the time, had strong feelings about the name.
They pushed for a name such as Sony Teletech. Akio Morita was firm, however. Both Ibuka and Mitsui Bank's chairman gave their approval. According to Schiffer, Sony's TR-63 radio "cracked open the U. S. market and launched the new industry of consumer microelectronics." By the mid-1950s, American teens had begun buying portable transistor radios in huge numbers, helping to propel the fledgling industry from an estimated 100,000 units in 1955 to 5 million units by the end of 1968. Sony co-founder Akio Morita founded Sony Corporation of America in 1960. In the process, he was struck by the mobility of employees between American companies, unheard of in Japan at that time; when he returned to Japan, he encouraged experienced, middle-aged employees of other companies to reevaluate their careers and consider joining Sony. The company filled many positions in this manner, inspired other Japanese companies to do the same. Moreover, Sony played a major role in the development of Japan as a powerful exporter during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
It helped to improve American perceptions of "made in Japan" products. Known for its production quality, Sony was able to charge above-market prices for its consumer electronics and resisted lowering prices. In 1971, Masaru Ibuka handed the position of president over to his co-founder Akio Morita. Sony began a life insurance company in one of its many peripheral businesses. Amid a global recession in the early 1980s, electronics sales dropped and the company was forced to cut prices. Sony's profits fell sharply. "It's over for Sony," one analyst concluded. "The company's best days are behind it." Around that time, Norio Ohga took up the role of president. He encouraged the development of the Compact Disc in the 1970s and 1980s, of the PlayStation in the early 1990s. Ohga went on to purchase CBS Records in 1988 and Columbia Pictures in 1989 expanding Sony's media presence. Ohga would succeed Morita as chief executive officer in 1989. Under the vision of co-founder Akio Morita and his successors, the company had aggressively expanded in