Will and testament
A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution. For the devolution of property not disposed of by will, see inheritance and intestacy. Though it has at times been thought that a "will" was limited to real property while "testament" applies only to dispositions of personal property, the historical records show that the terms have been used interchangeably. Thus, the word "will" validly applies to both real property. A will may create a testamentary trust, effective only after the death of the testator. Throughout most of the world, disposal of an estate has been a matter of social custom. According to Plutarch, the written will was invented by Solon, it was a device intended for men who died without an heir. The English phrase "will and testament" is derived from a period in English law when Old English and Law French were used side by side for maximum clarity.
Other such legal doublets include "breaking and entering" and "peace and quiet". The conception of the freedom of disposition by will, familiar as it is in modern England and the United States, both considered common law systems, is by no means universal. In fact, complete freedom is the exception rather than the rule. Civil law systems put some restrictions on the possibilities of disposal. Advocates for gays and lesbians have pointed to the inheritance rights of spouses as desirable for same-sex couples as well, through same-sex marriage or civil unions. Opponents of such advocacy rebut this claim by pointing to the ability of same-sex couples to disperse their assets by will. However, it was observed that "ven if a same-sex partner executes a will, there is risk that the survivor will face prejudice in court when disgruntled heirs challenge the will", with courts being more willing to strike down wills leaving property to a same-sex partner on such grounds as incapacity or undue influence.
Types of wills include: nuncupative - oral or dictated. Holographic will - written in the hand of the testator. Self-proved - in solemn form with affidavits of subscribing witnesses to avoid probate. Notarial - will in public prepared by a civil-law notary. Mystic - sealed until death. Serviceman's will - will of person in active-duty military service and lacking certain formalities under English law. Reciprocal/mirror/mutual/husband and wife wills - wills made by two or more parties that make similar or identical provisions in favor of each other. Unsolemn will - will in which the executor is unnamed. Will in solemn form - signed by testator and witnesses; some jurisdictions recognize a holographic will, made out in the testator's own hand, or in some modern formulations, with material provisions in the testator's hand. The distinctive feature of a holographic will is less that it is handwritten by the testator, that it need not be witnessed. In Louisiana this type of testament is called an Mystic will.
It must be written and signed in the handwriting of the testator. Although the date may appear anywhere in the testament, the testator must sign the testament at the end of the testament. Any additions or corrections must be hand written to have effect. In England, the formalities of wills are relaxed for soldiers who express their wishes on active service. A minority of jurisdictions recognize the validity of nuncupative wills for military personnel or merchant sailors. However, there are constraints on the disposition of property if such an oral will is used. Administrator - person appointed or who petitions to administer an estate in an intestate succession; the antiquated English term of administratrix was used to refer to a female administrator but is no longer in standard legal usage. Beneficiary - anyone receiving a gift or benefiting from a trust Bequest - testamentary gift of personal property, traditionally other than money. Codicil - amendment to a will. Decedent - the deceased Demonstrative Legacy - a gift of a specific sum of money with a direction, to be paid out of a particular fund.
Descent - succession to real property. Devise - testamentary gift of real property. Devisee - beneficiary of real property under a will. Distribution - succession to personal property. Executor/executrix or personal representative - person named to administer the estate subject to the supervision of the probate court, in accordance with the testator's wishes in the will. In most cases, the testator will nominate an executor/PR in the will unless that person is unable or unwilling to serve. In some cases a literary executor may be appointed to manage a literary estate. Exordium clause is the first paragraph or sentence in a will and testament, in which the testator identifies himself or herself, states a legal domicile, revokes any prior wills. Inheritor - a beneficiary in a succession, testate or intestate. Intestate - person who has not created a will, or who does not have a valid will at the time of death. Legacy - testamentary gift of personal property, traditionally of m
Will (TV series)
Will is an American drama television series about the life of William Shakespeare in his early 20s. The series was ordered for a first season, consisting of ten episodes, on May 18, 2016, it premiered on TNT on July 10, 2017, concluded on September 4, 2017. It was ordered to series at Pivot in 2013, but was never broadcast; the series after four weeks, was moved to 11:00 pm. On September 5, 2017, the series was canceled after one season. Young William Shakespeare is a struggling playwright who tires of making gloves in order to support his wife and three children, he sells one of his plays to a theatre owned by James Burbage. In doing so, he befriends the rest of the company, pushes out the previous playwright and falls in love with Burbage's daughter, Alice. While seeking fame and fortune in London, Will keeps his Catholicism secret from those who would threaten to kill him and exploit his connection to the wanted Robert Southwell; as he makes a name for himself, he finds that he is saddled with saving a dying theater company and finding a place in a city, hostile to his religion.
Laurie Davidson as William Shakespeare Olivia DeJonge as Alice Burbage Ewen Bremner as Richard Topcliffe Mattias Inwood as Richard Burbage Jamie Campbell Bower as Christopher Marlowe William Houston as Kemp Lukas Rolfe as Presto Max Bennett as Robert Southwell Colm Meaney as James Burbage Nancy Carroll as Ellen Burbage Michael Nardone as Edward Arden Jamie Beamish as Augustine Phillips Nicholas Farrell as Francis Walsingham Nicholas Woodeson as Philip Henslowe Henry Lloyd-Hughes as Edward Alleyn Bruce MacKinnon as Robert Greene Deirdre Mullins as Anne Shakespeare James Berkery as Jeremy Knightstand Zubin Varla as Edward Kelley Jasmin Savoy Brown as Emilia Bassano Kenneth Collard as Justice Young Leon Annor as Marcus The series has received mixed-to-positive reviews from critics. On the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the series has a rating of 61%, based on 28 reviews, with an average rating of 6.22/10. Metacritic, which assigns a rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, reported that there were "generally favorable reviews" for the series, with an average score of 62 based on 27 reviews.
Upstart Crow, a British sitcom about William Shakespeare Will Shakespeare, a 1978 six-part historical drama Official website Will on IMDb Will at TV Guide
Will (2011 film)
Will is a 2011 British sports drama directed by Ellen Perry and starred Damian Lewis, Perry Eggleton and Bob Hoskins. This film centres on the trials and tribulations in the lives of two main fictional characters: eleven-year-old Will Brennan and Bosnian footballer Alek, their trek to see Liverpool play AC Milan in the 2005 Champions League Final at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul. Brennan is Liverpool's number one fan, able to recite facts ad infinitum about the club and at a public school in the south of England since his father Gareth is unable to care for him following the death of Will's mother. Gareth appears one day out of the blue with tickets for Liverpool's trip to the Champions League Final. Unknown to Will his father has health problems and dies and in his belief that the adults in his life are conspiring to quash his wish to get to the match to honour his father, two of his mates at school start Will on his way for reason of their own, his being missing becomes worldwide news and he encounters others that either support Liverpool or the game of football.
One of these is Alek, in Paris, who stopped playing the sport following a tragic incident due to his own actions in his hometown during the Bosnian War. Alek is reluctant to get involved for various reason but a friend does his best to encourage Alek to recover from his personal demons by helping Will reach his destination; the two are off on the final leg of the journey stopping along the way in Alek's hometown where they elude police. Although they reach Istanbul they do not have tickets but in the quest to get them Liverpool stars Kenny Dalglish, Steven Gerrard and Jamie Carragher, recognise him who come to the rescue and makes possible for Will to realise his dream and much more than he could have imagined if his father's original plans had come to be. Damian Lewis - Gareth Perry Eggleton - Will Kieran Wallbanks - Simon Brandon Robinson - Richie Jane March - Sister Noell Bob Hoskins - Davey Kristian Kiehling - Alek Alice Krige - Sister Carmel Rebekah Staton - Nancy Mark Dymond - Detective Branko Tomović - Avdo Bilic Canan Erguder - Mina Bilic Malcolm Storry - Finch Neil Fitzmaurice - Fitzy John May - Barney Jamie Carragher - Himself Steven Gerrard - Himself Kenny Dalglish - Himself The production filmed in Kent in May 2010 at the Port of Ramsgate, the Port of Dover and the White Cliffs of Dover.
The locations feature at the start of Will's journey to Istanbul, as he smuggles himself onto a freight lorry in order to cross the sea to France. Will on IMDb
Will is a historical fiction novel by Christopher Rush, published in 2007. It is told from the perspective of William Shakespeare; the book's film right were sold to Ben Kingsley's SBK pictures in 2007
Akina Nakamori is a Japanese singer and actress. She is one of the most top selling artists in Japan. Nakamori achieved national recognition when she won the 1981 season of the talent show Star Tanjō!. Her debut single "Slow Motion" was released to moderate success, peaking at number thirty on the Oricon Weekly Singles Chart. However, Nakamori's popularity was pushed up by the follow-up single, "Shojo A", which peaked at number five on the Oricon chart and has sold over 390,000 copies, her second album Variation became her first number-one on the Oricon Weekly Albums Chart, staying three weeks atop. As an actress, she made her debut in 1985 with the appearance on the Japanese romance movie Ai, Tabidachi. After her extended hiatus from 2010 to 2014, Nakamori released two compilation album, All Time Best: Original and All Time Best: Utahime Cover, both of which were commercially successful; as of 2011, Nakamori has sold over 25.3 million records and was named as the third best-selling female Japanese idol singer of all-time.
Within two years of her debut, she set herself apart from all the singers of her generation with her mature song selection and the ability to change her image with the release of each new single, much like Madonna and Lady Gaga. This provocative and rebellious image was to be the direct opposite of the other pop rival, Seiko Matsuda, who projected more of a girl next door, sweet-natured charm. After Akina Nakamori passed the test of Star Tanjō! on her 3rd attempt, she made her debut in 1982 with the single "Slow Motion." Her first single "Slow Motion", was recorded in Los Angeles. This was sold 174,000 copies, reaching number 30 in the Oricon charts; the 2nd single, "Shōjo A" was nearly banned for its risque lyrics. This single fared better, most due to the controversy, peaked at #5, selling 396,000 copies, her next single, a ballad titled "Second Love" proved to be her best-selling single. This sentimental piece debuted at #2 but reached No. 1 the following week, staying at the number one spot for 9 weeks.
It sold 766,000 copies back then. In addition to the single releases, Nakamori released two albums titled Prologue and Variation that year, which sold 453,000 and 743,000 copies respectively; the following year Nakamori released two studio albums and her first best-of album. The singles were "Nibunnoichi no Shinwa", which sold 573,000 copies and debuted at #1, making it her best-selling single of that year. "Twilight", released in May, sold 430,000 copies and debuted at #2. But "Kinku", her last single of that year, fared better, selling 511,000 copies. All three albums, New Akina Etranger and Best Akina Memoir hit No. 1. Nakamori made the first appearance of her 7 official performance at the ever-popular annual show, the 34th edition of the NKH Red and White Song festival on 31 December 1983, she made a special guest appearance of the 65th edition performing live from the U. S recording studio while recording for her upcoming new album. In 1984, Nakamori released "Kita Wing", which sold 614,000 copies, a bit better than her singles from the previous year, but it did not become a number 1 hit.
It instead remained at that position for 6 weeks. "Kita Wing" is rumored to be Momoe Yamaguchi's favorite Nakamori Song. Her next single "Southern Wind" brought her back to the number 1 spot, though it sold less than its predecessor at 544,000 copies. "Jūkai" proved selling 611,000 copies. The 9th single, "Kazari jya naino yo namida wa" proved to be a turning point in Akina Nakamori's career, it sold 625,000 copies. Many in Japan cite her 1986 single, "Desire", as Nakamori's signature songs, her two album releases of that year and Possibility both fared well and hit No. 1. Nakamori kicked off 1985 with "Meu Amore," another great success for her, debuting #1 with 631,000 copies sold and winning Nakamori the Grand Prix award at the 27th Japan Record Awards, she became the youngest person at the time to be awarded such an honor. The single was to be titled "Akaitori Nigeta fly away", but the producers felt that the lyrics were not Samba-ish enough. "Meu Amore" was the result of the newly penned lyrics.
"Akaiatori Nigeta fly away" was released as a 12-inch single instead, making the No.1 spot as well. Despite the superb b-side song of Babylon, remixed, it sold a dismal 354,000 overall, she released "Sand Beige – Sabaku e" which sold 461,000 copies and debuted at number 1. Her next single, "Solitude" debuted at number 1, but sold 336,000 copies, she released two albums in 1985. Firstly and Sweet, which contained the album version of the earlier hit of "Kazari Janai No Yo Namida Wa" and "BABYLON." It debuted at number 1 again. Her next album, D404ME, only had a remix version of the hit single, yet this album sold an impressive 651,000 copies and debuted at number 1. In 1986, at 21, Nakamori matured in her singing choice of songs; the first single of that year, "Desire" proved to be one of the highlights in Nakamori's career. This was the theme song of PIONEER PRIVATE commercial, was awarded the Grand Prix at the 28th Japan Record Awards in 1986, she became the youngest winner for two consecutive years.
It sold 516,000 copies and debuted at number 1. Her next single "Gypsy Queen" was a calmer song than "Desire" and sold a mere 358,000 copies, but still debuted at number 1. The
Bandslam is a 2009 American musical romantic comedy drama film directed by Todd Graff who co-wrote the screenplay with Josh A. Cagan; the film stars Aly Michalka, Vanessa Hudgens, Gaelan Connell, Lisa Kudrow, Scott Porter, Ryan Donowho, Tim Jo. The story revolves around Will and Charlotte, who form an unlikely bond through their shared love of music. Assembling a like-minded crew of misfits, the friends form a rock group and perform in a battle of the bands competition called "Bandslam"; the film was bought by a studio in 2004. However, in early 2007, Graff and Cagan were hired to rewrite the screenplay, with Graff hired to direct. Produced by Summit Entertainment and Walden Media, principal photography took place in Austin, with additional scenes filmed in New York City. During filming, the film underwent multiple title changes, including Rock On. Bandslam premiered in Westwood on August 6, 2009, was theatrically released in the United States on August 14, 2009; the film received positive reviews from critics, with many praising the acting and soundtrack.
However, the film was a commercial failure, grossing $12 million worldwide against a $20 million budget. Critics panned the film's marketing. Which many cited as a primary reason for the film's underperformance at the box-office. In a brief cameo, this was David Bowie's final film appearance before his death in 2016. Will Burton is a music enthusiast and a David Bowie fan with a hint of rock and roll and boy next door. Throughout the movie, Will writes journal-like e-mails to Bowie every day, although Bowie never answers; when Will's mother Karen finds a new job, he switches to a new school, which he is eager to do since he was bullied at his previous one. During lunch one day at his new school, he meets a girl who says her name is written Sa5m but pronounced Sam, the 5 is silent, she tells him about Bandslam, an annual music competition in which the winning band gets a recording contract. Will and Sa5m become friends but, shortly after, he is sought after by another girl named Charlotte Barnes.
One afternoon, Charlotte asks Will to join her in an after-school day-care center. When she starts inviting him to hang out with her, the teenager is stunned—as is his single mother Karen. Impressed by his eclectic knowledge of music, a gifted singer-songwriter, asks Will to manage her rock/ska band. Will agrees to help Charlotte's band which includes Bug and Omar expanding it with more like-minded outcasts; the group's sound starts to come together and their prospects for success look bright. Will starts losing his "loser-status", but the band gets in the way of completing a project he was going to do with Sa5m. After spending a day with Sa5m, Charlotte teaches Will how to properly kiss a girl, by demonstrating on him that night, which his mother sees. Will takes Sa5m to the overlook and, after an awkward start kisses her, after which Sa5m shyly asks Will to accompany her to a movie screening, which he agrees to. However, Will stands Sa5m up. After that, Sa5m starts ignoring Will at school, her mom shows him a video of a younger Sa5m performing "Everything I Own", leading Sa5m to be outraged and order Will to leave.
As an apology, he makes a touching documentary short about her for his Human Studies project and she forgives him. After Will accidentally ruins Ben's attempt to reconcile with Charlotte, Ben decides to do a little research on him, in order to ruin his image, he finds out about Will's father, sent to prison years ago when he accidentally killed a child while driving drunk. Ben starts to call Will "Dewey", which stands for "DWI". Will detests this nickname. Soon after, Charlotte's father dies and she decides to quit the band, her father hated how she acted when she was with her ex-boyfriend, so after he got sick, she decided to change her image and be nicer to "people like Will." The band members are hurt by this discovery, but they decide to go on nonetheless, with Sa5m taking over as lead singer. On the night of Bandslam, Charlotte comes backstage to apologize to the band, after a moment of hesitation, Will accepts her apology. Right before going on stage, they discover that Ben's band have decided to play the song that I Can't Go On, I'll Go On were planning to perform, forcing them to change their act at the last minute.
Will remembers the video Sa5m's mother showed him earlier and suggests that they perform "Everything I Own", since it is the only other song Sa5m knows. To buy some time, Will comes out first onstage; the students begin to chant "Dewey! Dewey! Dewey!". He starts to walk off the stage, but comes back and decides to chant with them instead. After carrying the chant for a while, he changes it to, "Do we wanna ROCK?!". The band takes the stage and performs "Everything I Own". Although they fail to win the competition, a YouTube video of their performance gains the band popularity at school. David Bowie sees the video and sends an e-mail to Will, explaining that he is starting an indie music label and is interested in having the band as one of their first acts. Will overwhelmed that he falls down in the middle of the school hallway. Will and Sa5m together, attend Charolette's graduation ceremony. Gaelan Connell as Will Burton Aly Michalka as Ch
The WiLL brand was a marketing approach shared by a small group of Japanese companies who decided to offer products and services that focused on a younger demographic from August 1999 until July 2004 in Japan. The companies that participated were the Kao Corporation, Asahi Breweries, Kinki Nippon Tourist Company, Ezaki Glico Candy, Kokuyo Co. Ltd.. Toyota engaged in a similar "youth oriented" approach in North America, with the Project Genesis program; this selective marketing experiment reflected a Japanese engineering philosophy called Kansei engineering, used by other Japanese companies. All products were listed online at "willshop.com". Asahi WiLL be Free WiLL Via Smooth WiLL Sweet Brown Beer Ezaki Glico WiLL ice for relax WiLL on time chocolate WiLL tablet relax WiLL black beans candy Kao WiLL clear mist WiLL air freshener WiLL OneWeek room freshener Panasonic WiLL Fax Machine and attached handset WiLL Collapsible Bike WiLL Mini Fridge WiLL Vacuum Cleaner WiLL Desktop PC with LCD Display WiLL Alkaline ion water conditioner WiLL Air purifier WiLL Microwave WiLL Full automatic washing machine with drying function WiLL seat cushion heater WiLL Portable MD Player WiLL SD Multi Camera WiLL DVD stereo system WiLL Video built-in type TV Kokuyo WiLL stationery "Actic" Kinki Nippon Tourist WiLL City and Resort Tour WiLL Tour Hokkaido WiLL Tour Kyushu WiLL Tour Okinawa Will Sports Tour Toyota offered three individually designed cars, based on the mechanicals of existing Toyota models.
The series was intended to appeal to markets that were not covered by Toyota's mainstream range, to discover how commercially feasible such unusual designs were. The American Scion range is based on a similar concept. All WiLL vehicles were only sold in Japan, only at Toyota Vista Store locations; when the WiLL project ended in 2004, Toyota stopped producing WiLL-branded vehicles, renamed the Toyota Vista dealerships to Toyota NETZ, that coincided with the launch of the North American introduction of Scion, using lessons learned from the WiLL project. The WiLL Vi is a subcompact car, produced from 2000 to 2001, with distinctive styling combining elements of many cars; the WiLL Vi was designed by the newly formed Virtual Venture Company, headed by Jim Shimizu. The unique-appearing rear window had earlier appeared on the Mazda Carol, the Ford Anglia, the Citroen Ami; the "neo-retro" look represented a period in Japan where vehicles took on the styling of historic vehicles from the 1950s and 1960s, such as the Nissan Be-1, Nissan Figaro, Nissan Pao, the Toyota Origin, the Subaru Vivio Bistro, the Mitsubishi Minica.
The car was equipped with MacPherson struts for the front wheels and a torsion beam axle for the rear wheels. The car was painted in a number of pastel colors, the plastic wheel covers resemble sand dollars. One of the few options was a canvas sliding roof, the vehicle was installed with bench seats for both front and rear passengers, with the gearshift installed on the dashboard. Sales were disappointing, so the Vi was replaced by the WiLL Cypha. There is still one Will driving around in Cyprus; the WiLL VS was years ahead of its rivals in car design when it was first introduced in 2001. It was formally introduced at the 2001 Los Angeles Auto Show, as a precursor to the introduction of Scion to North America, it was manufactured at Kanto Auto Works. Inspiration for the design of the WiLL VS was said to have been derived from the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter, it has many appearance similarities to the Renault Avantime. The WiLL VS came in three levels of trim; the top of the range model came with fog-lamps, body kit and tiptronic gearshift.
Models are available in automatic transmission, a six-speed manual, powered by Toyota's 1800 cc VVT-I engine offering 140 hp or VVTL-I engine offering 180 hp, the unit in the higher spec Toyota Celica. The VS joined the revised Vi, renamed the Cypha, offered WiLL buyers the choice of a wider car with a more powerful engine; the width dimensions of the VS exceeded Japanese Government regulations that taxed vehicles based on exterior dimensions, which buyers of the VS were liable. In spite of its success in the Japanese market, where the WiLL VS had a cult following, the model was never released overseas. Production of the WiLL VS was stopped circa 2004 and a replacement model was never announced, much to the disappointment of its fans; some would argue that there was no need to replace the WiLL VS for at least another decade given its futuristic design that some of the newer cars were only beginning to adopt. This would include trend-setting features such as the rakish body shape, aerodynamic angles, projector-style headlamp cluster, illuminated speedometer and clear LED tail lights.
The car was used as the police vehicle "Machine Bull" in the 2004 Super Sentai series Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger. The WiLL VS is one of the few concept vehicles that went into production, albeit only in small numbers, only 4,000 were produced. In the years to follow, several other vehicles have taken styling cues from the WiLL VS, most notably the 2004 Vauxhall Astra and the Renault Megane. WiLL Cypha was produced from 2002 to 2005, it shared many of its mechanicals, including the 1.3-litre 2NZ and 1.5-litre 1NZ engines, with the Ist. Its styling developed themes seen in the Vitz/Yaris, b