Frank Joseph Perry Jr. was an American stage director and filmmaker. The 1962 independent film David and Lisa was nominated for two Academy Awards for best director and best screenplay; the couple would go on to collaborate on five more films including the cult classic The Swimmer starring Burt Lancaster, Diary of a Mad Housewife starring Carrie Snodgress, the Emmy Award–nominated A Christmas Memory, based on a short story by Truman Capote and adapted by his wife Eleanor. Frank Perry went on to form Corsair Pictures, financed by United Artists Theatres, producing two film flops, Miss Firecracker and A Shock to the System, before folding, his films include the Razzie Award–nominee Joan Crawford bio drama Mommie Dearest and the documentary On the Bridge, about his battle with prostate cancer. Author Justin Bozung, researching the filmmaker's life since 2013, is writing the official biography of Frank Perry titled Character Is Story: The Life & Films of Frank Perry; the book is due out in 2019.
Frank Joseph Perry Jr. was born in New York City, to stockbroker Frank Joseph Perry Sr. and Pauline E. Schwab, who worked at Alcoholics Anonymous. Pauline was a niece of Charles M. Schwab, who founded the Bethlehem Steel Corporation; as a teenager, Frank Jr. began pursuing his interest in the theater with a job as a parking lot attendant for the Westport Country Playhouse in nearby Westport, Connecticut. He attended the University of Miami. Frank studied under Lee Strasberg in New York, he produced several plays at Westport Country Playhouse and turned for a time to producing television documentaries. A veteran of the Korean War, he returned to the entertainment industry after being discharged and made his directorial debut in 1962 with the low-budget drama film David and Lisa. Based on the novel by Theodore Isaac Rubin, the screenplay was written by his wife, Eleanor Rosenfeld, who received a nomination for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay. A character study of two disturbed teenagers, the film was successful at the box office and met with much critical acclaim, earning him a nomination for an Academy Award for Directing.
Both Perrys would join the select group of non-actors awarded membership in Actors Studio. Perry went on to direct and produce a number of films, including The Swimmer based on a John Cheever story, Last Summer, Trilogy, written by Truman Capote. Perry is known for his character studies involving a dysfunctional family, such as that in his wife's script of the Sue Kaufman novel Diary of a Mad Housewife; that film earned a Best Actress Oscar nomination for Carrie Snodgress, Play It As It Lays, starring Tuesday Weld, brought her a Golden Globe Best Actress nomination. Both of these films Perry produced and directed, though he is best remembered for directing the notorious 1981 low-budget biographical drama Mommie Dearest, an adaptation of a biography by actress Joan Crawford's adoptive daughter, which portrayed the famous movie star as a crazed, sadistic control freak and fraud who cared more about money and fame than family; the film became a cult classic despite mixed reviews from critics. Some of his film-related material and personal papers are contained in the Wesleyan University Cinema Archives, to which scholars and media experts from around the world may have full access.
In 1958, Frank married his first wife Eleanor, 15 years his senior. Perry and Eleanor collaborated on many screen projects, including screenwriting the Academy Award-nominated 1962 "David & Lisa", they divorced in 1971 on grounds of incompatibility. She wrote the book Blue Pages about her relationship with Frank; the union produced no children. Eleanor Perry died of cancer a decade at age 66. In 1977, Perry married his second wife, Barbara Goldsmith, founding editor of New York magazine and book author, whom he divorced in 1992. Soon after, he married his Aspen ski instructor, 22-year-younger Virginia Brush Ford, on June 15, 1992, his sister is pastor Mary Christine Perry, the wife of pastor Maurice Keith Hudson and mother of singers Katy Perry and David Hudson. Perry died of prostate cancer on August 29, 1995, eight days after his 65th birthday, at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in Manhattan, his final film, 1992's On the Bridge, is an autobiographical documentary dealing with the illness.
His ashes were scattered on the mountains of Aspen, where he lived the last three years of his life. Jim Beaver. "Frank Perry", Films in Review, November 1981. Bilge Ebiri. "Domestic Disturbances. The unsung cinema of Frank and Eleanor Perry" August 25, 2008 Matthew Mandarano. "Along the Bridge: The Films of Frank Perry" Frank Perry on IMDb Frank Perry at Find a Grave Official Frank Perry Biography Facebook page
USC School of Cinematic Arts
The USC School of Cinematic Arts —formerly the USC School of Cinema-Television, otherwise known as CNTV—is a private media school within the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, California. The school offers multiple undergraduate and graduate programs covering film production, screenwriting and media studies and digital arts, media arts + practice, interactive media & games. Additional programs include the Business of Entertainment, it is the oldest and arguably most reputable such school in the United States, established in 1929 as a joint venture with the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Having been ranked as one of the best film schools in the world on several occasions, SCA has most notably topped THR's ranking for seven consecutive years; as such, admissions into the school are competitive, with an estimated 2–3% acceptance rate. The school's founding faculty include Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, William C. DeMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, Darryl Zanuck.
Notable professors include the Alma and Alfred Hitchcock Professor of American Film. In April 2006, the USC Board of Trustees voted to change the school's name to the USC School of Cinematic Arts. On September 19, 2006, USC announced that alumnus George Lucas had donated US$175 million to expand the film school with a new 137,000-square-foot facility; this represented the largest single donation to the largest to any film school in the world. His previous donations resulted in the naming of two existing buildings after him and his then-wife, though Lucas was not fond of the architecture used in those buildings. An architectural hobbyist, Lucas laid out the original designs for the project, inspired by the Mediterranean Revival Style, used in older campus buildings as well as the Los Angeles area; the project received another $50 million in contributions from Warner Bros. 20th Century Fox and The Walt Disney Company. In fall 2006, the school, together with the Royal Film Commission of Jordan, created the Red Sea Institute of Cinematic Arts in Aqaba, Jordan.
The first classes were held in 2008, the first graduating class for the university was in 2010. Donations from film and game industry companies and alumni have enabled the school to build the following facilities: School of Cinematic Arts Complex, completed in 2010, which includes: 20th Century Fox soundstage George Lucas and Steven Spielberg Buildings, featuring the Ray Stark Family Theatre, equipped for 3D presentation, as well as two digital theatres, the Albert and Dana Broccoli Theatre and Fanny Brice Theatre Marcia Lucas Post-Production Center Marilyn & Jeffrey Katzenberg Center for Animation Sumner Redstone Production Building Interactive building, home the USC Interactive Media & Games Division, the USC Division of Media Arts and Practice, several research labs Robert Zemeckis Center for Digital Arts, home of Trojan Vision, USC's student television station Eileen Norris Cinema Theatre Complex, featuring a 365-seat theatre that serves as a classroom with USC faculty member and Academy Award winner Tomlinson Holman's THX audiovisual reproduction standard used in film venues worldwide.
The Frank Sinatra Hall, dedicated in 2002, houses a public exhibit and collection of extensive memorabilia commemorating Sinatra's life and contributions to American popular culture. David L. Wolper Center at Doheny Memorial Library Louis B. Mayer Film and Television Study Center at Doheny Memorial Library Hugh M. Hefner Moving Image ArchiveAt the center of the new television complex is a statue of founder Douglas Fairbanks, he is seen holding a fencing weapon in one hand to reflect his strong ties with the USC Fencing Club. Since 1973, at least one alumnus of SCA has been nominated for an Academy Award annually, totaling 256 nominations and 78 wins. Since 1973, at least one SCA alumnus or alumna has been nominated for the Emmy Award annually, totalling 473 nominations and 119 wins; the top 17 grossing films of all time have had an SCA graduate in a key creative position. The Princeton Review has ranked the Interactive Media and Games Division's video game design program best in North America multiple years in a row.
Both The Hollywood Reporter and USA Today have ranked SCA the number one film program in the world, with its unmatched facilities, proximity to Hollywood, numerous industry connections being the primary rationale. Awards for USC Cinema short filmsIn 1956, producer Wilber T. Blume, a USC Cinema instructor at the time, received an Academy Award for best live action short film for a film he created entitled The Face of Lincoln. Blume received an Academy Award nomination that year for documentary short. In 1968, George Lucas won first prize in the category of Dramatic films at the third National Student Film Festival held at Lincoln Center, New York for his futuristic Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB. In 1970, producer John Longenecker received an Academy Award for best live action short film for a film he produced while attending USC Cinema 480 classes as an undergraduate—The Resurrection of Broncho Billy; the film's crew and cast included cinematographer. In 1973, Robert Zemeckis wo
American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, Wolfman Jack. Suzanne Somers and Joe Spano appear in the film. Set in Modesto, California, in 1962, the film is a study of the cruising and rock'n' roll cultures popular among the post–World War II baby boom generation. Through a series of vignettes, the film tells the story of a group of teenagers and their adventures over the course of a single night; the genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas' own teenage years in early 1960s Modesto. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and distributors, but found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros. and Paramount Pictures turned him down. Filming was set to take place in San Rafael, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day.
American Graffiti premiered August 2, 1973, at the Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland, was released August 11, 1973 in the United States. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $777,000 budget, it has become one of the most profitable films of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $200 million in box office gross and home video sales, not including merchandising. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. A sequel, More American Graffiti, was released in 1979. In early September 1962 in Modesto, California, on the last evening of summer vacation, recent high school graduates and longtime friends Curt Henderson and Steve Bolander meet John Milner, the drag-racing king of the town, Terry "The Toad" Fields in the parking lot of the local Mel's Drive-In diner.
Curt and Steve are scheduled to travel the next morning to the Northeastern United States to start college. Despite receiving a $2,000 scholarship from the local Moose Lodge, Curt has second thoughts about leaving Modesto. Steve gives Toad his 1958 Chevrolet Impala to watch while he's away at college until he returns at Christmas. Steve's girlfriend, Curt's sister, arrives in her car. Steve suggests to Laurie, glum about him going to college, that they see other people while he is away in order to "strengthen" their relationship. Though not upset, she is displeased with his proposal, which affects their interactions the rest of the evening. Curt accompanies Steve, last year's high school student class president, Laurie, the current head cheerleader, to the back-to-high-school sock hop. In one story line, Curt is desperate to find a beautiful blonde girl driving a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird that he sees en route to the dance: at a stoplight, she appears to say "I love you" before disappearing around the corner.
After leaving the hop, Curt is coerced by a group of greasers to participate in an initiation rite that involves hooking a chain to a police car and ripping out its back axle. The Pharaohs tell Curt that "The Blonde" is a trophy wife or prostitute, but he refuses to believe either. Determined to get a message to the blonde girl, Curt drives to the local radio station to ask DJ Wolfman Jack, omnipresent on the car radios, to announce a message for the blonde girl. Inside the radio station, Curt encounters a bearded man who tells him that the voice of The Wolfman is pre-taped from afar; the man still accepts the message from Curt to see. As he’s leaving the station, Curt sees the man talking into the microphone and hears the voice of The Wolfman, realizes the man is the actual DJ himself. Sure enough, The Wolfman reads the message on the radio for "The Blonde" to meet Curt or call him at a number which happens to be a telephone booth. Curt waits by the telephone booth and early the next morning, he is awakened by the phone ringing.
It turns out to be "The Blonde" who says she knows him and maybe she would see him cruising the coming night. Curt replies not, intimating that he decided to go to college and will be leaving that morning; the Toad, in Steve's car, John, in his yellow 1932 Ford Deuce Coupé hot rod, cruise the strip of Modesto. Toad, socially inept with girls picks up a flirtatious, somewhat rebellious, girl named Debbie. John inadvertently picks up an annoying 16-year-old who seems fond of him. Another drag racer, the handsome and arrogant Bob Falfa, is searching out John in order to challenge him to a race. Steve and Laurie have a series of make-ups through the evening, they split and, as the story lines intertwine, Bob Falfa picks up Laurie in his black 1955 Chevrolet One-Fifty Coupé. Bob finds John and goads him into racing. A parade of cars follows them to "Paradise Road" to watch the race. Laurie rides shotgun with Bob; as Bob begins taking a lead in the race, he loses control of the car when a front tire blows, the car plunges into a ditch and rolls over.
Steve and John leap out of their cars and rush to the wreck as a dazed Bob and Laurie stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips Steve and begs him not to leave her, he assures her. At the airfield in the morning, Curt says goodbye to his parents, his sister Laurie, Steve and The Toad; as the plane takes off, gazing out of the window, sees the white Ford Thunderbird belonging to the mysterious blo
Messiah of Evil
Messiah of Evil is a 1973 American horror film co-written, co-produced, co-directed by Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz, starring Marianna Hill, Michael Greer, Anitra Ford, Royal Dano, Elisha Cook Jr.. Its plot follows a woman who travels to a remote coastal town in California to find her missing artist father. Released theatrically in the spring of 1973, it would be re-released in 1983 under the alternate title Dead People. Directors Huyck and Katz are the husband-and-wife team who would subsequently direct Howard the Duck, as well as produce screenplays for American Graffiti and Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. A young woman named Arletty drives to the beach town of Point Dume, California, to visit her estranged father, an artist, she finds his beachfront house, abandoned. He left a diary. In it he complains about darkness consuming the town, horrible nightmares he is having, implores Arletty to never look for him, his letter tells her to talk to the owner of the art gallery. The gallery owner says he has none of her father's paintings, does not sell them, no one comes in looking to buy his works, says he doesn't know where he went.
He says Point Dune is "an artist colony" and he only vaguely remembers her father. It is never clear. Arletty meets a visiting Portuguese-American aristocrat Thom and his two provocative, groupie-like female companions and Laura. Back at his motel, Thom interviews Charlie. Charlie speaks at length about "the blood moon" and "the dark stranger" and how he has lived through both, he says soon it will be the 100 year anniversary of the first appearance of the "dark stranger." He will return, the moon will turn red, the town will be overrun with evil. Charlie warns Arletty about her father, he says. Moments he is murdered off screen. Thom and Laura are kicked out of their hotel after interviewing Charlie, stay at Arletty's father's house. Arletty reads through her father's bizarre journal entries, in which he reveals his body temperature is 85 degrees, he mentions fighting his "condition." Meanwhile, each night, creatures gather on the beach in front of bonfires, staring straight up at the moon. The locals call it "The Waiting."
Late one evening before making a trip to San Francisco, Laura goes into the local Ralphs supermarket, is devoured by a hoard of vampires who are feasting on raw meat. That evening, the "blood moon" rises, the town's residents turn into vampires, the titular "Messiah of Evil" returns. Through voice-over of Charlie's taped interviews, we learn that this "Messiah" was a former minister and a Donner Party survivor from the late 19th century turned vampire/cannibal, who has come to spread his new "religion" and lead his people up the coast and inland. While Thom hides, two policemen in riot gear fire their guns into a swarm of vampires. Undaunted, the undead cop shoots his former ally, he and the other vampires go to feast on his flesh. Thom returns to the house, she finds a bug crawling around in her mouth and vomits up various beetles, mealworms and an anole. While Thom was gone, Arletty was visited by her father, who had warned her not to follow him and begs her to leave to tell the world about Point Dune.
He attacks her, reluctantly giving in to his "vampire" urges, after she stabs him with garden shears before burning him alive. Startled by Thom, she stabs him in the arm with the shears; the two of them flee to the beach, but the ersatz vampires follow them in broad daylight. They swim out to the breakers. Arletty is captured by the townspeople. Instead of killing her, she is let free under the condition that she spread word of the religious movement throughout California and the world; this causes her to be locked up in an insane asylum. Each day, all day, she sits in the sun painting, dreading the day the Messiah and his followers come to take her away. Marianna Hill as Arletty Anitra Ford as Laura Royal Dano as Narrator / Joseph Long Elisha Cook Jr. as Charlie Michael Greer as Thom Joy Bang as Toni Dyanne Simon Charles Dierkop as Gas attendant Bennie Robinson as Albino trucker Morgan Fisher Emma Truckman Katz said the film "was a real bowwow," though Huyck claimed in 1984 that "it appeared on a marquee in a Woody Allen film, Film Comment called it'one of the top 10 classic, overlooked horror films of all time.'"Kim Newman considers this film to be a "neglected" and "surreal" horror film, which has both a convoluted narrative and a peculiar atmosphere.
He draws attention to details such as the vanished father being a death-obsessed painter, the daughter falling in with a group of hedonists, the town people turning into ghouls. He notes that the "dark stranger" was a sinister preacher, whose awaited return comes from the sea, he find all these details to point to the influence of H. P. Lovecraft on the film, while the depiction of the undead derives
Can't Stop the Music
Can't Stop the Music is a 1980 American musical comedy film directed by Nancy Walker. Written by Allan Carr and Bronté Woodard, the film is a pseudo-biography of disco's Village People that bears only a vague resemblance to the actual story of the group's formation, it was produced by Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment, distributed by independent distributor Associated Film Distribution. Can't Stop the Music is notorious for being the first winner of the Worst Picture Golden Raspberry Award, for it was a double feature of this and Xanadu that inspired John J. B. Wilson to start the Razzies. Songwriter Jack Morell — a reference to Village People creator Jacques Morali — gets a break DJing at local disco Saddle Tramps, his roommate Samantha "Sam" Simpson is a supermodel newly retired at the peak of her success. She sees the response to a song he wrote for her and agrees to use her connections to get him a record deal, her connection is her ex-boyfriend Steve Waits, president of Marrakech Records — a reference to Village People record label Casablanca Records —, more interested in rekindling their romantic relationship than in Jack's music, but agrees to listen to a demo.
Sam decides Jack's vocals are not adequate, so she recruits neighbor and Saddle Tramps waiter/go-go boy Felipe Rose, fellow model David "Scar" Hodo, finds Randy Jones on the streets of Greenwich Village, offering dinner in return for their participation. Meanwhile, Sam's former agent Sydney Channing orders Girl Friday Lulu Brecht to attend, hoping to lure back the star. Ron White, a lawyer from St. Louis, is mugged by an elderly woman on his way to deliver a cake Sam's sister sent and arrives disconcerted. Brecht gives Jack drugs, which unnerves him when her friend Alicia Edwards brings singing cop Ray Simpson, but Jack records the quartet on "Magic Night". Ron, pawed all night by the man-hungry Brecht, is overwhelmed by the culture shock of it all and leaves; the next day, Sam runs into Ron, who apologizes, proffers the excuse that he is a Gemini and follows her home. Spilling leftover lasagna on himself and Jack help him remove his trousers before Jack leaves and Sam and Ron spend the night.
Newly interested in helping, Ron offers his Wall Street office to hold auditions. There, Glenn M. Hughes, the leatherman, climbs atop a piano for a rendition of "Danny Boy", he and Alex Briley, the G. I. join the group, now a sextet. They get their name from an offhand remark by Ron's socialite mother Norma. Ron's boss, Richard Montgomery, overwhelmed by the carnival atmosphere, insists the firm not represent the group, Ron quits. Ron's new idea for rehearsal space is the YMCA; the group cut a demo for Marrakech, but Steve sees limited appeal and Sam refuses his paltry contract. Reluctant to use her savings, they decide to self-finance by throwing a pay-party. To bankroll the party, Sam acquiesces to Channing's plea to return for a TV advertising campaign for milk, on the condition the Village People are featured; the lavish number "Milkshake" begins as Sam pours milk for six little boys in the archetypal costumes with the promise they'll grow up to be the Village People. The advertisers want nothing to do with such a concept, refuse to broadcast the spot.
Norma steps in to invite the group to debut at her charity fundraiser in San Francisco. Sam lures Steve by promising a romantic weekend, but Ron is taken aback by the inference that she would go through with the seduction, Sam ends their romantic relationship. On his private jet, Steve prepares for a tryst, but rather Jack and his former chorine mother Helen arrive to negotiate a contract. Reluctant, Helen wins over Steve with her kreplach, before long they are negotiating the T-shirt merchandising for the Japanese market. In the dressing room before the show, relieved to learn Sam did not travel with Steve, proposes to her. At one point, Montgomery appears. Following a set by The Ritchie Family, the Village People make a triumphant debut; the film was a fictionalised account of the formation of the Village People. Allan Carr announced the film in June 1979, it was called Discoland... Where the Music Never Ends. Carr described it as "Singing in the Rain for the disco crowd" and said the film would star the Village People, Valerine Perrine, Tammy Grimes, Chita Rivera, Barbara Rush, Pat Ast and Bruce Jenner.
It was to be the first in a three picture slate from Carr, the others including Chicago and The Josephine Baker Story starring Diana Ross. Filming was to start 20 August; the film was financed by British company EMI under the aegis of Barry Spikings. When asked why EMI were making a film about disco so long after Saturday Night Fever, Spikings said "I hope it is different; the film breaks new ground."The film's director, Nancy Walker, a theater and television star since the 1940s, had been nominated for two Tonys, four Golden Globes, eight Emmys. Walker guest starred as Rhoda's mother Ida Morgenstern in several episodes of The Mary Tyler Moore Show and continued that role in its spin-off Rhoda. After establishing the character, Walker directed some episodes of both series, along with episodes of other situation comedy series. Can't Stop the Music was her lone effort at film direction, as after it, Walker turned her attention back to acting in television. Can't Stop the Mu
Bolero (1984 film)
Bolero is a 1984 American romantic drama film starring Bo Derek, written and directed by her husband John Derek. The film centers on the protagonist's sexual awakening and her journey around the world to pursue an ideal first lover who will take her virginity. A box office flop, the film was critically panned, earning nominations for nine Golden Raspberry Awards at the 5th Golden Raspberry Awards and "winning" six, including the Worst Picture. Set in the 1920s, Ayre "Mac" MacGillvary is a virginal 23-year-old young American who graduates from an exclusive British college. An orphan heiress to a vast fortune, Ayre is determined to find the right man for her first sexual encounter wherever he might be in the world. Rich enough not to venture forth alone, she brings along her best friend Catalina and the family chauffeur Cotton. Ayre first travels to Morocco where she meets an ideal lover, an Arab sheik who offers to deflower her, he takes her away in his private airplane to an oasis in the desert, but during foreplay while rubbing her nude body with honey, he falls asleep immediately.
Giving up on the sheik, Ayre goes on to Spain, where she meets the toreador Angel, sets out to seduce him. Into this group comes Paloma, a 14-year-old local Gypsy girl whom Ayre and Catalina take under their wing. A minor subplot involves Catalina meeting and pursuing Ayre's lawyer, Robert Stewart, a kilt-wearing Scotsman whom Catalina chooses to deflower her. After several days of courtship and flirting, Angel makes love to Ayre one morning and he manages to stay awake. After Ayre has succeeded in her quest to lose her virginity, Angel is gored while bullfighting the next day; the injury leaves Angel unable to perform in the bedroom, so Ayre makes it her mission in life to see to his recovery. Along the way, she takes up bullfighting herself as a way of getting her despondent lover motivated to stop moping. During this, the Arab sheik flies to Spain to abduct Ayre, but she manages to convince him that she has lost her virginity and he lets her go. Ayre is successful in aiding Angel to full recovery which leads to a climactic lovemaking session between them.
The film ends with Angel getting married at a local church. Bo Derek as Ayre “Mac” McGillvary George Kennedy as Cotton Andrea Occhipinti as Rejoneador Angel Sacristan Ana Obregon as Catalina Olivia d'Abo as Paloma Greg Bensen as Sheik Ian Cochrane as Robert Stewart Mirta Miller as Evita Mickey Knox as Sleazy Moroccan guide Paul Stacey as Young Valentino #1 James Stacy as Young Valentino #2 Executive producer and Cannon Films co-head Menahem Golan urged the Dereks to make the sex scenes more explicit, despite the latter party's objections on the basis that the scenes were strong enough; the film was to be distributed by MGM as part of an ongoing deal with Cannon, Bo Derek screened the film to the studio's then-CEO Frank Yablans hoping that he would intervene with Golan on the matter of the erotic content. Yablans disliked the film as much as all the other films Cannon was delivering to MGM; when the producers refused to cut the film to avoid an X rating by the MPAA, MGM dropped the film due to standards policies and Cannon released Bolero themselves.
The quality of Bolero and the other Cannon/MGM films led to Yablans using a breach of contract clause to terminate the distribution deal with the two studios in November 1984. Bolero was released with no MPAA rating, with a disclaimer on ads that no children under 17 would be admitted to the film. Despite this, many theater chains that refused to screen X-rated films did the same for Bolero; the film is on DVD with an "R" rating with no cuts. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 0%, based on 17 reviews, it was nominated for nine Golden Raspberry Awards and won six, including "Worst Picture", "Worst Actress," "Worst Director" and "Worst Screenplay". In 1990, the film was nominated for, but lost the Razzie Award for "Worst Picture of the Decade." The movie was nominated for a Stinkers Bad Movie Awards for Worst Picture. The film earned about $8.9 million in American ticket sales against a $7 million production budget. In 1985, U. S. A. Home Video released Bolero in both R-Rated versions to the video rental marketplace.
In 2005, MGM Home Entertainment released Bolero on DVD, after the rights to the majority of Cannon Film productions reverted to MGM, an ironic move, considering the events that transpired between MGM and Cannon over the original theatrical release of the film. The MGM release, although rated R, is the uncut version of the film. Bolero on IMDb Bolero at AllMovie Bolero at Box Office Mojo Bolero at Rotten Tomatoes Bolero Official Site
Star Wars (film)
Star Wars is a 1977 American epic space-opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It is the beginning of the Star Wars franchise. Starring Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Peter Cushing, Alec Guinness, David Prowse, James Earl Jones, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, Peter Mayhew, the film focuses on the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia, its attempt to destroy the Galactic Empire's space station, the Death Star. Star Wars was released in theatres in the United States on May 25, 1977, it earned $461 million in the U. S. and $314 million overseas, totaling $775 million. It surpassed Jaws to become the highest-grossing film of all time until the release of E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial. When adjusted for inflation, Star Wars is the second-highest-grossing film in North America, the third-highest-grossing film in the world, it received ten Academy Award nominations. It was among the first films to be selected as part of the U. S. Library of Congress's National Film Registry as being "culturally or aesthetically significant".
At the time, it was the most recent film in the only one chosen from the 1970s. In 2004, its soundtrack was added to the U. S. National Recording Registry. Today, it is regarded as one of the most important films in the history of motion pictures; the film has been reissued multiple times at Lucas's behest, incorporating many changes including modified computer-generated effects, altered dialogue, re-edited shots, remixed soundtracks and added scenes. It launched an industry of tie-in products, including spin-off TV series, comic books, video games, amusement park attractions, merchandise including toys and clothing; the film's success led to two critically and commercially successful sequels, The Empire Strikes Back in 1980 and Return of the Jedi in 1983, to a prequel trilogy, a sequel trilogy, an animated film, two anthology films. The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Rebel spies have stolen plans to the Galactic Empire's Death Star, a colossal space station capable of destroying an entire planet.
Princess Leia, one of the Rebellion's leaders, has obtained the plans, but her starship is captured by an Imperial Star Destroyer under the command of the ruthless Darth Vader. Before she is captured, Leia hides the plans in the memory of astromech droid R2-D2, along with protocol droid C-3PO, flees in an escape pod to the desert planet below the starships, Tatooine; the droids are captured by Jawa traders, who sell them to moisture farmers Owen and Beru Lars and their nephew Luke Skywalker. While cleaning R2-D2, Luke accidentally triggers a holographic recording of Leia, in which she requests help from Obi-Wan Kenobi; the next morning, Luke finds R2-D2 missing, encounters "Old Ben" Kenobi, a hermit who reveals himself as Obi-Wan. He tells Luke of his days as one of the Jedi Knights, former peacekeepers of the Galactic Republic who derived their power from an energy field called the Force until being all but wiped out by the Empire. Contrary to what his uncle has told him, Luke learns that his father fought alongside Obi-Wan as a Jedi Knight until Vader, a former pupil of Obi-Wan's, turned to the dark side of the Force and murdered him.
Obi-Wan presents Luke with his father's old weapon: a lightsaber. R2-D2 plays Leia's message for Obi-Wan, in which she begs him to take the Death Star plans to her home planet of Alderaan and give them to her father for analysis. Obi-Wan invites Luke to learn the ways of the Force. Luke declines, but changes his mind after discovering that Imperials have killed his aunt and uncle and destroyed their farm. Obi-Wan and Luke visit a cantina in Mos Eisley, after a brief confrontation, they meet smuggler Han Solo and his Wookiee co-pilot Chewbacca. After negotiating a price, they join forces aboard the Millennium Falcon; the group discovers that Alderaan has been destroyed by the Death Star's superlaser—a show of force on order of the commanding officer, Grand Moff Tarkin. The Falcon is captured by the Death Star's tractor beam. Luke discovers that Leia is imprisoned on the Death Star, rescues her with the help of Han and Chewbacca in a swashbuckling series of escapes. After Obi-Wan sacrifices himself in a lightsaber duel with Darth Vader to enable the heroes to escape, the Falcon escapes amid a fierce dogfight with Imperial TIE starfighters.
Using a tracking beacon placed aboard the Falcon, the Imperials follow the rebels to the hidden base on Yavin 4. The Death Star plans reveal that it can be destroyed by triggering a chain reaction from an external exhaust port. Luke joins the Rebel fighter squadron, while Han collects his payment. In the ensuing battle, the Rebels suffer heavy losses after several unsuccessful runs. Vader leads a squadron of TIE fighters and prepares to attack Luke's X-wing, but Han returns and fires at the Imperial fighters, sending Vader spiraling away. Guided by Obi-Wan's spirit, Luke turns off his targeting computer and uses the Force to destroy the Death Star just before it can fire on the Rebel base. On Yavin 4, Leia awards Han with medals for their heroism. Mark Hamill as Luke Skywalker: a young man raised by his aunt and uncle on Tatooine, who dreams of something more than his current life and learns the way of a Jedi. Lucas favored casting young actors. To play Luke, Lucas sought actors who could project integrity.
While reading for the character, Hamill found the dialogue to be odd because of its universe-embedded concepts. He chose to read it sinc