Gertrude Stein was an American novelist, poet and art collector. Born in the Allegheny West neighborhood of Pittsburgh and raised in Oakland, Stein moved to Paris in 1903, in 1933, Stein published a quasi-memoir of her Paris years, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, written in the voice of her partner, Alice B. Toklas, an American-born member of the Parisian avant-garde, the book became a literary bestseller and vaulted Stein from the relative obscurity of the cult-literature scene into the limelight of mainstream attention. Her books include Q. E. D. about a romantic affair involving several of Steins female friends, Fernhurst, a fictional story about a romantic affair, Three Lives. In Tender Buttons, Stein commented on lesbian sexuality and her activities during World War II have been the subject of analysis and commentary. After the war ended, Stein expressed admiration for another Nazi collaborator, some have argued that certain accounts of Steins wartime activities have amounted to a witch hunt.
Stein, the youngest of a family of five children, was born on February 3,1874, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania to upper-middle-class Jewish parents and her father was a wealthy businessman with real estate holdings. German and English were spoken in their home, when Stein was three years old and her family moved to Vienna, and Paris. Accompanied by governesses and tutors, the Steins endeavored to imbue their children with the sensibilities of European history. Stein attended First Hebrew Congregation of Oaklands Sabbath school, during their residence in Oakland, they lived for four years on a ten-acre lot, and Stein built many memories of California there. She would often go on excursions with her brother, Stein found formal schooling in Oakland unstimulating, but she read often, Wordsworth, Burns, Smollett and more. When Stein was 14 years old, her mother died, Three years later, her father died as well. Steins eldest brother, Michael Stein, took over the family holdings and in 1892 arranged for Gertrude and another sister, Bertha.
Here she lived with her uncle David Bachrach, who in 1877 had married Gertrudes maternal aunt, in Baltimore, Stein met Claribel and Etta Cone, who held Saturday evening salons that she would emulate in Paris. The Cones shared an appreciation for art and conversation about it, Stein attended Radcliffe College, an annex of Harvard University, from 1893 to 1897 and was a student of psychologist William James. In 1934, behavioral psychologist B. F. Skinner interpreted Steins difficult poem Tender Buttons as an example of normal motor automatism. In a letter Stein wrote during the 1930s, she explained that she never accepted the theory of writing, here can be automatic movements
Decoder is a 1984 West German film directed by Muscha. It is a cyberpunk and counter-cultural film roughly based on the writings of William S. Burroughs, decoder was made on a small budget, and was written by Muscha, Klaus Maeck, Volker Schäfer, and Trini Trimpop. Nevertheless, the project was able to attract a number of people within the countercultural and industrial music scenes to perform in it. Actors included Burroughs, Genesis P-Orridge, Christiane Felscherinow, and bands included Soft Cell, Psychic TV, Einstürzende Neubauten, the film has been oddly forgotten and is not in wide circulation
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library, the National Library of France joined the project on October 5,2007. The project transitions to a service of the OCLC on April 4,2012, the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together, a VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary see and see records from the original records, and refers to the original authority records. The data are available online and are available for research and data exchange. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol, the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAFs clustering algorithm is run every month, as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records
James Robert Jim Jarmusch is an American film director, actor, producer and composer. Stranger Than Paradise was added to the National Film Registry in December 2002, as a musician, Jarmusch has composed music for his films and released two albums with Jozef van Wissem. Jarmusch was born in Cuyahoga Falls, the middle of three children of middle-class suburbanites. F, the first adult film he recalls seeing was the 1958 cult classic Thunder Road, the violence and darkness of which left an impression on the seven-year-old Jarmusch. Another B-movie influence from his childhood was Ghoulardi, an eccentric Cleveland television show which featured horror films, despite his enthusiasm for film, Jarmusch was an avid reader in his youth and had a greater interest in literature, which was encouraged by his grandmother. At one point, he took an apprenticeship with a commercial photographer and he remarked, Growing up in Ohio was just planning to get out. After graduating from school in 1971, Jarmusch moved to Chicago.
At Columbia, he studied English and American literature under professors including New York School avant garde poets Kenneth Koch, at Columbia, he began to write short semi-narrative abstract pieces and edited the undergraduate literary journal The Columbia Review. During his final year at Columbia, Jarmusch moved to Paris for what was initially a summer semester on an exchange program, there, he worked as a delivery driver for an art gallery, and spent most of his time at the Cinémathèque Française. Thats where I saw things I had only read about and heard about – films by many of the good Japanese directors, like Imamura, Mizoguchi. When I came back from Paris, I was still writing, Jarmusch graduated from Columbia University in 1975. Broke and working as a musician in New York City after returning from Paris in 1976, despite his lack of experience in filmmaking, his submission of a collection of photographs and an essay about film secured his acceptance into the program. He studied there for four years, meeting fellow students and future collaborators Sara Driver, Tom DiCillo, Howard Brookner, during the late 1970s in New York City and his contemporaries were part of an alternative culture scene centered on the CBGB music club.
In his final year at New York University, Jarmusch worked as an assistant to the film noir director Nicholas Ray. On Jarmuschs return with the script, Ray reacted favourably to his students dissent. Jarmusch was the only person Ray brought to work – as his personal assistant – on Lightning Over Water, Ray died in 1979 after a long fight with cancer. The university, unimpressed with Jarmuschs use of his funding as well as the project itself, Jarmuschs final year university project was completed in 1980 as Permanent Vacation, his first feature film. It had its premiere at the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg and won the Josef von Sternberg Award and it was made on a shoestring budget of around $12,000 in misdirected scholarship funds and shot by cinematographer Tom DiCillo on 16 mm film. The 75 minute quasi-autobiographical feature follows an adolescent drifter as he wanders around downtown Manhattan, the film was not released theatrically, and did not attract the sort of adulation from critics that greeted his work
Middlebury College is a private liberal arts college located in Middlebury, Vermont. The college was founded in 1800 by Congregationalists making it the first operating college or university in Vermont, the college currently enrolls 2,526 undergraduates from all 50 states and 74 countries. Middlebury offers 44 majors in the arts, literature, foreign languages, social sciences, the college is the first American institution of higher education to have granted a bachelors degree to an African-American, graduating Alexander Twilight in the class of 1823. Middlebury was one of the first formerly all-male liberal arts colleges in New England to become a coeducational institution, in 1886, May Belle Chellis was the first woman to graduate and she was the valedictorian. Middlebury was listed as tied for the fourth-best liberal arts college in the U. S. in the 2016 U. S. News & World Report rankings, Middleburys 31 varsity teams are known as the Middlebury Panthers and compete in the NCAA Division IIIs NESCAC conference.
The school is known for its programs that focus on language, political science. Middlebury received its charter on November 1,1800, as an outgrowth of the Addison County Grammar School. The Colleges first president—Jeremiah Atwater—began classes a few later, making Middlebury the first operating college or university in Vermont. One student named Aaron Petty graduated at the first commencement held in August 1802, the Colleges founding religious affiliation was loosely Congregationalist. Yet the idea for a college was that of town rather than clergymen. Chief among its founders were Seth Storrs and Gamaliel Painter, the credited with the idea for a college. In addition to receiving a diploma upon graduation, Middlebury graduates receive a replica of Gamaliel Painters cane, Painter bequeathed his original cane to the College and it is carried by the College President at official occasions including first-year convocation and graduation. At its second commencement in 1804, Middlebury granted Lemuel Haynes an honorary masters degree, the first female graduate—May Belle Chellis—received her degree in 1886.
As valedictorian of the class of 1899, Mary Annette Anderson became the first African American woman elected to Phi Beta Kappa, the College’s centennial in 1900 began a century of physical expansion beyond the three buildings of Old Stone Row. York and Sawyer designed the Egbert Starr Library, a Beaux-Arts edifice expanded and renamed the Axinn Center, growth in enrollment and the endowment led to continued expansion westward. The national fraternity Kappa Delta Rho was founded in Painter Hall on May 17,1905, Middlebury College abolished fraternities in the early 1990s, but the organization continued on campus in the less ritualized form of a social house. Due to a policy at the school against single-sex organizations, the house was forced to coeducate during the period as well. The German Language School, founded in 1915 under the supervision of then-President John Martin Thomas, Middlebury President Paul Dwight Moody began the American tradition of a National Christmas Tree in 1923 when the College donated a 48-foot balsam fir for use at the White House
Lower East Side
The Lower East Side is roughly bounded by the Bowery to the west, East Houston Street to the north, the F. D. R. Drive to the east and Canal Street to the south, the western boundary below Grand Street veers east off of the Bowery to approximately Essex Street. The neighborhood is bordered in the south and west by Chinatown – which extends north to roughly Grand Street, in the west by Nolita and in the north by the East Village. Historically, the Lower East Side referred to the area alongside the East River from about the Manhattan Bridge and Canal Street up to 14th Street and it included areas known today as East Village, Alphabet City, Bowery, Little Italy, and NoLIta. Parts of the East Village are still known as Loisaida, a Latino pronunciation of Lower East Side, Avenue C is known directly as Loisaida and is home to the Loisaida Festival every summer. Their main trail took approximately the route of Broadway, one encampment in the Lower East Side area, near Corlears Hook was called Rechtauck or Naghtogack.
Around these farms were a number of enclaves of free or half-free Africans, one of the largest of these was located along the modern Bowery between Prince Street and Astor Place. These black farmers were some of the earliest settlers of the area, during the 17th century, there was an overall consolidation of the boweries and farms into larger parcels, and much of the Lower East side was part of the Delancy farm. James Delanceys pre-Revolutionary farm east of post road leading from the city survives in the names Delancey Street, on the modern map of Manhattan, the Delancey farm is represented in the grid of streets from Division Street north to Houston Street. In response to the pressures of a city, Delancey began to survey streets in the southern part of the West Farm in the 1760s. The point of land on the East River now called Corlears Hook was called Corlaers Hook under Dutch and British rule, and briefly Crown Point during British occupation in the Revolution. It was named after the schoolmaster Jacobus van Corlaer, who settled on this plantation that in 1638 was called by a Europeanized version of its Lenape name, Nechtans or Nechtanc.
Corlaer sold the plantation to Wilhelmus Hendrickse Beekman, founder of the Beekman family of New York, the projection into the East River that retained Corlaers name was an important landmark for navigators for 300 years. On older maps and documents it is usually spelled Corlaers Hook, in the course of the 19th century they came to be called hookers. In 1833, Corlears Hook was the location of some of the first tenements built in New York City, the original location of Corlears Hook is now obscured by shoreline landfill. It was near the east end of the present pedestrian bridge over the FDR Drive near Cherry Street, the name is preserved in Corlears Hook Park at the intersection of Jackson and Cherry Streets along the East River Drive. The bulk of immigrants who came to New York City in the late 19th and early 20th centuries came to the Lower East Side, moving into crowded tenements there. By the 1840s, large numbers of German immigrants settled in the area, more radical artists such as the Beat poets and writers were drawn to the neighborhood – especially the parts which became the East Village – by the inexpensive housing and cheap food
Coffee and Cigarettes
Coffee and Cigarettes is the title of three short films and a 2003 anthology film by independent film director Jim Jarmusch. The film consists of 11 short stories which share coffee and cigarettes as a common thread, in each of the segments of the film, the common motif of alternating black and white tiles can be seen in some fashion. The visual use of black and white relates to the theme of interpersonal contrasts, cinqué Lee appears in Jack Shows Meg his Tesla Coil. The scene features a recounting of the legend that Elvis Presley made racist comments about Blacks during a magazine interview. Filmed in 1993 as the short Coffee and Cigarettes - Somewhere in California, in this segment musicians Iggy Pop and Tom Waits smoke cigarettes to celebrate that they quit smoking, drink some coffee and make awkward conversation. Joseph Rigano and Vinny Vella have a conversation over coffee about the dangers of smoking, the silent Vinny Vella Jr. appears to beg his father for money, which is given in exchange for affection, which is not provided.
Renée French drinks coffee while looking through a gun magazine, E. J. Rodríguez plays the waiter, who is eager to be of service. He initially approaches her to serve coffee, to which she reacts by saying I had the right color, right temperature. After that, he comes back several times, and he seems intent on striking up a conversation with her. Alex Descas and Isaach De Bankolé are a couple of friends who meet and talk over some coffee, Alex has no problems, or so he answers to Isaachs repeated questioning. At the end of the scene, Alex takes out a pair of dice and it could be assumed that Alex Descas has an excessive gambling problem but to him it is not a problem because of what he can roll. Notice he doesnt roll the dice in front of his friend, Cate Blanchett plays herself and a fictional and non-famous cousin named Shelly, whom she meets over some coffee in the lounge of a hotel. There is no smoking in the lounge, as the waiter informs Shelly, Shelly tells Cate about her boyfriend, who is in a band.
She describes the style as hard industrial, similar to the band Iggy describes. Cate tells Shelly she looks forward to meeting Lou someday, Cate is made to feel awkward and uncomfortable by Shellys constant envious remarks about how she perceives Cates life and attitude. Features Jack and Meg White of the band The White Stripes having some coffee and they play themselves, although the scene seems to perpetuate the bands former pretense that they are indeed siblings. Jack shows Meg his Tesla coil that he says he built himself, in the beginning, Jack seems upset that Meg doesnt share his excitement, and it takes Meg some coaxing to get Jack to agree to show Meg his Tesla Coil. He introduces the line, Nikola Tesla perceived the earth to be a conductor of acoustical resonance, cinqué Lee plays a waiter in this segment
Bomb is a quarterly magazine edited by artists and writers. It is composed, primarily, of interviews between creative people working in a variety of disciplines — visual art, music, film and architecture. In addition to interviews, Bomb issues feature new fiction and poetry, several 500-word Artist on Artist essays, Bomb is published by New Art Publications, Inc. a 501 non-profit organization. The name Bomb is a reference to both Wyndham Lewiss Blast and the fact that the original editors expected the publication to bomb after one or two issues. Shortly after its founding, Bomb formed a 501 non-profit organization, New Art Publications, in 2005, the Bomb offices moved from the SoHo neighborhood of New York City, New York, to Fort Greene, Brooklyn. By June 2007, Bomb had published 100 issues, chris Abani Kathy Acker Martin Amis John Ashbery Matthew Barney Roberto Bolaño Edwidge Danticat Arthur C. Participants include Edward_Clark_, Kara Walker & Larry Walker, Wangechi Mutu, Gerald Jackson, Adger Cowans, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Melvin Edwards, Terry Adkins, Eldzier Cortor, list of literary magazines Caterina Verde, contributing artist Official website JSTOR archive.
BOMB, The Author Interviews published by Soho Press
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format
The Manhattan Love Suicides
The Manhattan Love Suicides is a UK-based rock band from Leeds, originally active between 2006 and 2009, and which reformed in 2013. The band takes its name from a 1985 short film by Richard Kern and was influenced by such as The Velvet Underground. Allmusics Tim Sendra described the band as having. knack for buzzy three-minute guitar pop tunes and their eponymous debut album was released in 2006 in the UK as vinyl-only and a 27-track compilation, entitled Burnt Out Landscapes, followed two years later. The band announced they had split on 28 June 2009 on their MySpace page, the band reformed in 2013 with Hating You appearing on YouTube, and released a new album More Heat. Manhattan Love Suicides Burnt Out Landscapes Dandelion Radio Session More Heat, squirrel Records website Discography at discogs. com Allmusic biography