Ralph Metcalf (New Hampshire politician)
Ralph Metcalf was an American lawyer and politician from New Hampshire who served two terms as Governor. Ralph Metcalf was born in Charlestown, New Hampshire on November 21, 1796, he was educated locally and worked on the farm of his father, a veteran of the American Revolution, until deciding on a career in the law in 1818. Metcalf graduated from the academy in Chester and attended Dartmouth College, from which he graduated in 1823, he studied law with Henry Hubbard and attorney Richard Bartlett of Concord, was admitted to the bar in 1826. He practiced law in New Hampshire, first with George B. Upham, with David Hale. From 1828 to 1830 he practiced in Binghamton, New York, after which he returned to New Hampshire to open an office in Claremont. In 1831 Metcalf was elected Secretary of State, he held this post until 1838, when he moved to Washington, D. C. to accept a position in the Department of the Treasury while Levi Woodbury of New Hampshire was serving as Secretary. In 1840 he returned to New Hampshire and practiced law, first in Plymouth, in Newport.
In 1845 he was appointed Register of Probate for Sullivan County. In 1848 he was appointed a trustee of the state asylum for the insane, he served several more non-consecutive terms, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1852 to 1853. In 1853 he served on the state commission appointed to codify New Hampshire's statutes. A member of the Democratic Party for most of his career, Metcalf became recognized as anti-slavery and an opponent of Franklin Pierce's attempts to obtain passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act; as a result of Metcalf's opposition to slavery, in 1855 he was nominated for Governor by the Know Nothing movement, one of the few parties with an anti-slavery plank in its platform. This effort was promoted by Free Soil Democrats including John P. Hale, who hoped to create a movement that would send New Hampshire anti-slavery activists to the United States Senate and help build the nascent Republican Party. Metcalf won the 1855 race for Governor, defeating incumbent Nathaniel B.
Baker, James Bell and Asa Fowler. In 1856 he defeated John S. Wells and Ichabod Goodwin, but his margin over Wells was narrow, the selection moved to the New Hampshire General Court, which chose Metcalf. Metcalf became identified with the Republican Party when it was founded as the major anti-slavery party in the mid 1850s. In addition to his abolitionist views, Metcalf's governorship was noteworthy for his support of a prohibition law, which passed in 1855, remained in force until 1889, he retired after the completion of his second term, resided in Claremont. He died in Claremont on August 26, 1858. In 1835 he married Lucretia Ann Bingham, she died a few weeks after giving birth in 1836, the baby died soon afterwards. He married Martha Ann Gilmore in 1843, they had two children: son Ralph. Ralph Metcalf at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Ralph Metcalf at National Governors Association Ralph Metcalf at Political Graveyard
Governor of New Hampshire
The Governor of New Hampshire is the head of the executive branch of New Hampshire's state government. The governor is elected at the biennial state general election in November of even-numbered years. New Hampshire is one of only two states, along with bordering Vermont, to hold gubernatorial elections every two years as opposed to every four; the state's 82nd governor is Republican Chris Sununu, who has served since January 5, 2017. In New Hampshire, the governor has no term limit of any kind. No governor has served more than three terms since the 18th century with the exception of John Lynch, who won an unprecedented fourth two-year term on November 2, 2010. John Taylor Gilman had been the last governor before Lynch to serve longer than six years, serving 14 one-year terms as governor between 1794 and 1816. Unlike in many other states in which Executive Councils are advisory, the Executive Council of New Hampshire has a strong check on the governor's power; the five-member council has a veto over many actions of the governor.
Together, the Governor and Executive Council approve contracts with a value of $5,000 or more, approve pardons, appoint the directors and commissioners, the Attorney General and officers in the National Guard. The governor has the sole power to veto bills and to command the National Guard while it is not in federal service. To be qualified to be governor, one must be 30 years of age, a registered voter, domiciled in New Hampshire for at least seven years. Traditionally, the governors of the Province of New Hampshire had been titled as "President of New Hampshire", beginning with the appointment of the province's first president, John Cutt, in 1679. From 1786 to 1791, "President of the State of New Hampshire" was the official style of the position; the New Hampshire Constitution was amended in 1791 to replace "President" with "Governor". OfficialOfficial websiteGeneral informationGovernor of New Hampshire at Ballotpedia Governors of New Hampshire at The Political Graveyard Works by or about Office of the Governor of New Hampshire in libraries
Strafford County, New Hampshire
Strafford County is a county in the U. S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2010 census, the population was 123,143, its county seat is Dover. Strafford County was one of the five original counties identified for New Hampshire in 1769, it was named after William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford in the mistaken belief that he was the ancestor of governor John Wentworth – although they were distantly related, William had no descendants. The county was organized at Dover in 1771. In 1840, the size of the original county was reduced with the creation of Belknap County. Strafford County constitutes a portion of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Strafford County is in southeastern New Hampshire, separated from York County in the state of Maine by the Salmon Falls River; the southern part of the Salmon Falls, from Rollinsford to Dover, is a tidal river that flows into the Piscataqua River.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 384 square miles, of which 369 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water, it is the smallest county in New Hampshire by area. Carroll County York County, Maine Rockingham County Merrimack County Belknap County As of the census of 2000, there were 112,233 people, 42,581 households, 27,762 families residing in the county; the population density was 304 people per square mile. There were 45,539 housing units at an average density of 124 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.29% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.8% were of English, 14.9% Irish, 14.0% French, 10.5% French Canadian, 7.6% American, 6.3% Italian and 6.2% German ancestry. 93.7% spoke English and 3.2% French as their first language. There were 42,581 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.80% were non-families.
24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,803, the median income for a family was $53,075. Males had a median income of $36,661 versus $26,208 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,479. About 5.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over. The largest cities in Strafford County are Rochester; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 123,143 people, 47,100 households, 29,862 families residing in the county.
The population density was 333.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 51,697 housing units at an average density of 140.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.8% white, 2.6% Asian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.4% were French or French Canadian, 19.7% were Irish, 17.4% were English, 9.5% were Italian, 8.7% were German, 5.2% were American, 5.0% were Scottish. Of the 47,100 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families, 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 36.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $57,809 and the median income for a family was $72,286.
Males had a median income of $50,489 versus $37,178 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,059. About 6.7% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. The executive power of Strafford County's government is held by three county commissioners. In addition to the County Commission, there are five directly-elected officials: they include County Attorney, Register of Deeds, County Sheriff, Register of Probate, County Treasurer; the legislative branch of Strafford County is made up of all of the members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the county. In total, as of January 2019 there were 37 members from 25 different districts. Dover Rochester Somersworth Durham Farmington Milton Milton Mills Bow Lake Village Center Strafford East Rochester Gonic North Rochester Place National Register of Historic Places listings in Strafford County, New Hampshire Robert S. Canney, The Early Marriages of Strafford County, New Hampshire.
Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1995. D. Hamilton Hurd, History of Rockingham and Strafford Counties, New Hampshire: With Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: J. W. Lewis, 1882. John Scales, History of Strafford County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co. 1914. Strafford County web site
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr.
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. was an American lawyer, banker and thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was born in Keene, New Hampshire and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1814, he studied law and was a legal assistant to Territorial Governor James Miller for several years in Arkansas. A commissioner who made it possible for the visit of French General Lafayette to New Hampshire in 1825, Dinsmoor served as clerk of the New Hampshire Senate in 1826, 1827, 1829 and 1830. Having secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected by a popular vote in 1849, reelected to a second term in 1850, as well as a third term in 1851, he served as thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire from June 7, 1849 to June 3, 1852. The state militia was restructured during his tenure. Upon leaving the governorship, Dinsmoor retired from political life, but continued to stay active in his legal and banking interests. From 1835 until his death Dinsmoor was President of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. Dinsmoor died in Keene on February 24, 1869.
He is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in Keene. His father, Samuel Dinsmoor, had been Governor of New Hampshire from 1831 to 1834. On September 11, 1841, Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. married Anne Eliza Jarvis, they had two children: William Jarvis Dinsmoor and Samuel Dinsmoor III. Anne died on July 17, 1849. Dinsmoor at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources National Governors Association profile
Samuel Dinsmoor was an American teacher, lawyer and politician from New Hampshire. He served as the fourteenth Governor of New Hampshire and as a member of the United States House of Representatives. Born in 1766 in Windham in the Province of New Hampshire, Dinsmoor was the son of William and Elizabeth Dinsmoor, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1789, worked as a teacher, studied law and was admitted to the bar. He established a law practice in Keene, New Hampshire, where he was appointed as Postmaster in 1808, he was the infantry commander. Elected as a Democratic-Republican, Dinsmoor represented New Hampshire in the United States House of Representatives during the Twelfth Congress, serving from March 4, 1811 to March 3, 1813. Dinsmoor was an 1820 presidential elector, served on New Hampshire Governor's Council in 1821, he was a commission member that negotiated and established the boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 1825. He served as state court judge in New Hampshire from 1823 to 1831.
Securing the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected Governor by a popular vote in 1831. He was reelected to a second term in 1832, to a third term in 1833, serving from 1831–1834. During his tenure, new manufacturing businesses were incorporated and banks flourished, the first free public library in the United States was established in Peterborough. During his governorship, he made the first official recommendation to establish a state asylum for the insane to remove the insane from prisons and cages. In 1838, a bill for the establishment of an asylum was passed by the state, he retired from political life and entered the private sector, serving as the first president of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. He served in that position until his death. Dinsmoor died in Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, on March 15, 1835, he is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was the grandson of Robert and Margaret Dinsmoor who settled in Nutfield in 1723. In 1798, he married daughter of General George Reid and Molly Reid.
His son was Jr. the 22nd Governor of New Hampshire. United States Congress. "Samuel Dinsmoor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Samuel Dinsmoor at Find a Grave National Governors Association profile
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
New Hampshire Senate
The New Hampshire Senate has been meeting since 1784. It is the upper house of the New Hampshire General Court, it consists of 24 members representing Senate districts based on population. As of December 5, 2018, there are 10 Republicans. New Hampshire House of Representatives New Hampshire Senate official website Project Vote Smart - State Senate of New Hampshire voter information