click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

William Bay National Park

William Bay National Park is a national park in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 369 km southeast of Perth and between the towns of Denmark and Walpole. Situated 15 km west of Denmark, William Bay National Park covers 1,734 ha and includes Greens Pool and Elephant Rocks; the granite boulders create a natural reef which protects Greens Pool from the Great Southern Ocean, is a safe swimming beach for children that are under supervision. William Bay National Park is located along the south coast of Western Australia along the Rainbow Coast, is in the Shire of Denmark; the park contains areas of peppermint scrub, dense heathland, pockets of Karri forest, Eucalyptus woodlands, Parry Inlet, tall hills with granite tors and outcrops. Coastal areas at the eastern side of the park include; the wilder and less dramatic features along the coast of the western side include. Fishing is popular along the beaches with many different species found including. Bushwalking is another popular activity to enjoy the views with numerous tracks around the park.

The traditional owners of the area are the Minang peoples. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the area for between 50,000 years. Artefacts including pieces of stone tools have been found in the park at Lights Beach, Lake Byleveld and Parry Inlet. William Bay was named after the famed British Arctic explorer and navigator, Sir William Edward Parry, as were two other nearby features, Parry Inlet and Edward Point; the bay was named in the 1830s by John Septimus Roe. The area was declared as a national park in 1971 with an area of 4,644 acres. A small reserve with an area of 29.5 ha located near the north east end of the park that encompasses Lake Bylveld was added to the park in the 1980s. The park is an popular tourist destination with 137,000 visitors in 2006-2007, 208,000 in 2010-2011 and 238,000 visitors in 2014-2015. Birds found within the park area and surrounds include several species of honeyeaters, white-breasted robins, red-eared fire tails, western rosella and red-capped parrot. Migratory waterbirds that visit the park include the threatened species.

The rare and ancient main's assassin spider listed as threatened, was found to inhabit the park during a survey conducted in 2008. Protected areas of Western Australia

Qalawun complex

The Qalawun complex is a massive complex in Cairo, built by Sultan al-Mansur Qalawun in 1284–1285. It is located at Bayn al-Qasrayn on al-Mu'izz street and includes a hospital, a madrasa and his mausoleum, it is regarded as one of the major monuments of Islamic Cairo and of Mamluk architecture, notable for the size and scope of its charitable operations as well as for the richness of its architecture. The Qalawun Complex was built over the ruins of the Fatimid Palace of Cairo, with several halls in the Palace, it was sold to several people until it was bought by the Sultan Qalawun in 1283 AD. The structure resides in the heart of Cairo, in the Bayn al-Qasrayn, has been a center for important religious ceremonies and rituals of the Islamic faith for years, stretching from the Mamluk dynasty through the Ottoman Empire; the funerary complex of Sultan al-Mansur Sayf al-Din Qalawun, including both madrasa and mausoleum took 13 months to build, from 1284–1285. This fact is remarkable considering the sheer scope of the total complex.

The short amount of time it took to construct the complex is in large part due to the slave like labor the Sultan commanded. The hospital took less than six months to complete, the mausoleum and madrasa each taking about four months; the building project was supervised by emir ‘Alam al-Din Sanjar al-Shuja‘i al-Mansuri, who forcefully employed hundreds of Mongol prisoners of war, calling upon workers throughout Fustat and Cairo to aid in the project. Al-Shuja’i used whatever means necessary to procure the large labor force needed to complete the project calling on people walking through the streets; the Complex was considered one of the most beautiful buildings at that time, where it included a school, a hospital and a mausoleum, with a Beautiful Dome. Historians claim that the columns holding the mausoleum structure were made of granite and other materials that were taken from another palace in Roda Island; the complex was built in three stages, where the Hospital was finished first, the Mausoleum and finally the school.

The structure was restored several times in the reign of al-Nasir Muhammad, the son and successor of Sultan Qalawun. He restored the minarets after a strong earthquake occurred in 1327 AD. Another restoration came when Abdul-Rahman Katkhuda, created a beautifully built Ottoman Sabil on the other side of the street in 1776. Architect Pascal Coste used the complex as one of his sources for his book Architecture arabe: ou Monuments du Kaire, mesurés et dessinés, de 1818 à 1825. Coste worked at the complex from July 1822 creating a ground plan in which he attempted to impose right angles where there were none; as identified by Eva-Maria Troelenberg, Coste's drawings corrected the structure in a number of ways. In addition to falsifying the ground plan, his façade drawings "literally re-interpret the entire ensemble as a vision of modernized urban space". A horseshoe arched portal leads into a passage separating the mausoleum from the madrasah; the tomb is on the right, the Madrasah, on a cruciform plan, is to the left of the entrance.

Inside the four Iwans once contained the four different law schools, on the east side is a fine stucco Mihrab. The interior was in a poor condition until 2000, when a massive Historic Cairo Rehabilitation Project plan was made for the entire Muizz Street, planned to be completed by October 2008; the Mausoleum contains the bodies of al-Nasir' mother, his son. While the sultan is buried in the adjoining Mausoleum built by his father, Sultan Qalawun The exterior structure of the Qalawun complex has many unique firsts in Mamluk architecture; the whole complex is said to be the earliest example of an “Urban aesthetic” in Mamluk architecture. This urban aesthetic starts with the layout of the mausoleum in relation to each other; the minaret is not attached to the mausoleum. The minaret does not reside near the entrance of the building, as was a customary practice of the time; the overall effect is the first real juxtaposition of the minaret with the dome. Thankfully the funerary complex is still well preserved today, with certain renovations throughout the years helping to maintain its grandeur.

One visits the city of Cairo today it is the Mamluk Cairo they see as the various Mamluk buildings dominate the scene. Worth noting about the interior of the various buildings of the total complex is the evidence that its architecture was influenced by Norman Sicilian qualities. One such instance of this influence is in the triple windows, which are "composed of two arched openings surmounted by an oculus", which reside in the upper level of the mausoleum façade; the same triple window placement can be seen on corresponding to the mihrab. "The entire façade design with its double-framed and pointed recess arches recalls the façade of the Palermo Cathedral as it was before restoration". The marble mosaics seen throughout the complex and the large canopy dome are stylistic tendencies seen in Norman Sicilian architecture, though numerous differences still exist; the Mausoleum of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo is considered by many to be the second most beautiful mausoleum, succeeded only by the Taj Mahal in India.

Al-Nuwayri, has said in his book Nihayet al Irab, that the Mausoleum was not intended to become a burial site, but a Mosque and a school, that it was first used as a tomb when he died, hosted his body. His body was kept in the Cairo Citadel for two months until the tomb was ready to replace the Citadel's Buria

Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio

Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, 490 U. S. 642, was a court case concerning employment discrimination, argued before the United States Supreme Court on January 18, 1989, decided on June 5, 1989. A group of nonwhite cannery workers filed suit in District Court citing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 complaining that the Wards Cove Packing Company, a company that operated several Alaskan salmon canneries, was using discriminatory hiring practices that resulted in a large number of the skilled permanent jobs that did not involve working in a cannery to be filled by white workers, a large number of the unskilled seasonal cannery jobs to be filled by local nonwhite workers. In this case the nonwhite workers were predominantly native Filipinos; the District Court found in favor of the company. The workers appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which reversed the District Court decision, stating the workers had made a prima facie case of disparate impact; the decision was based on statistics provided by the workers that showed a high percentage of nonwhite workers in the cannery jobs and a low percentage of the skilled noncannery jobs filled by nonwhite workers.

The company appealed the Court of Appeals' ruling to the United States Supreme Court. The Supreme Court determined that the Court of Appeals had erred by using inappropriate statistics and comparison; the majority determined that the proper comparison was to compare the percentage of nonwhite workers in noncannery jobs with the percentage of the available labor pool that were nonwhite and who had the appropriate skills to perform the noncannery jobs. The Supreme Court remanded the case back to the Court of Appeals with instructions to use the more appropriate comparison. Further if, on remand, the Respondents did establish a prima facie disparate-impact case the Petitioners would need to "produce evidence of a legitimate business justification" for the hiring practices that created the disparity. Soon after the decision, Congress amended Title VII with the Civil Rights Act of 1991 to counter the Supreme Court's holding in Ward's Cove, thereby nullifying the case's precedent; the bill, in part, reads: The purposes of this Act are- to provide appropriate remedies for intentional discrimination and unlawful harassment in the workplace.

S. 424, in the other Supreme Court decisions prior to Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, 490 U. S. 642. List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 490 List of United States Supreme Court cases Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court Hazelwood School Dist. v. United States Texas Dept. of Community Affairs v. Burdine Works related to Wards Cove Packing Company Inc v. Atonio at Wikisource Text of Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, 490 U. S. 642 is available from: Cornell CourtListener Findlaw Google Scholar Justia Library of Congress Oyez Cannery Workers and Farm Laborers Union Local 7 records. 1915-1985. 46.31 cubic feet. Cindy Domingo Papers. 1978-2010. 27.9 cubic feet. Silme Domingo Papers. 1952-1992. 1 cubic foot. New England Fish Company Records circa 243.81 cubic feet. Tyree Scott Papers. Circa 1970-1995. 73.00 cubic feet

2012–13 Women's FIH Hockey World League Semifinals

The 2012–13 Women's FIH Hockey World League Semifinals took place in June 2013. A total of 16 teams competing in 2 events were part in this round of the tournament playing for 7 berths in the Final, played from 30 November to 8 December 2013 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina; this round served as a qualifier for the 2014 Women's Hockey World Cup as the six highest placed teams apart from the host nation and the five continental champions qualified. 8 teams ranked between 1st and 8th in the FIH World Rankings current at the time of seeking entries for the competition qualified automatically, in addition to 8 teams qualified from Round 2. The following sixteen teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, competed in this round of the tournament. Below are the 10 umpires appointed by the International Hockey Federation: Below are the 10 umpires appointed by the International Hockey Federation: Qualification for 2014 Hockey World Cup Host nation Continental champions Qualified through 2012–13 FIH Hockey World League The following goalscorers list comprises players from both events.

There were 207 goals scored for an average of 4.31 goals per match. 7 goals 6 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 own goal 2 own goals Source: Rotterdam London Official website Official website

Kattupalli Shipyard

The Kattupalli Shipyard cum Captive Port Complex is a large shipyard project at Kattupalli village near Ennore in Chennai, being built by L&T Shipbuilding Ltd. It is being set up jointly by Larsen & Toubro in two phases. L&T shipbuilding Kattupalli is a minor port. Adani ports and special economic zone acquired kattupalli port from L&T in June 2018 and renamed it as Adani Katupalli Port Private Limited. In terms of cargo generation, the terminal is located close to the majority of Container Freight stations in Chennai; the Kattupalli development includes a shipyard being developed by L&T, a private sector–backed development. It is planning to compete with Japanese and Korean shipyards in building "specialised ships," such as large-size warships, car carriers, naval offshore patrol vessels, fast patrol vessels and corvettes. After Colombo and Singapore, Kattupalli will be the third major international destination for ship repairs in the region; the shipyard-cum-minor port complex was inaugurated on 30 January 2013.

The first development phase, which aims to be operational by January 2012, will have a 1.2 million TEU capacity through two 350-metre-long L-shaped berths and a total terminal area of around 20 hectares. The berths would be operated by the Philippines-based International Container Terminal Services Inc for 28 years; the terminal has an option to rise to 1.8 million TEU capacity during the second phase of development. Six ZPMC super-post-panamax, twin-lift, gantries are to be installed and 15 Noell one over five, 6+1 width RTGs supported by a state-of the-art terminal management system. All the equipment is of a higher-end specification. Mobile equipment will include one empty handler; the yard will offer 5,000 ground slots and a CFS is planned as part of the service package. Access to the terminal on the marine side is via a 3.5 km-long channel and port basin offering a draft of 14 m—the draft capability is such that it provides for projected increases in southern Asian container trade. It provides for the future possibility of mainline Asia–Europe vessels making a stop in southern India, mooted as a distinct possibility by certain analysts.

Kattupalli's North and South breakwaters, which together total 3.35 km, ensure a safe harbour and uninterrupted terminal operations. The yard has 3 rail-mounted quayside cranes, 15 rubber-tyred gantry cranes, two reach stackers and 420 reefer plug points. On 12 April 2012, the yard received Zhen Hua 20, a heavy lift vessel, with three more RMQCs to be installed at the second berth; when completed, it will be the largest shipyard in Asia. Once operational, the shipyard will become a nucleus for heavy engineering industry; this would make Chennai a hub for engineering components. The project is being implemented in two phases with a total investment of about ₹ 46,750 million. ₹ 30,500 million will be invested in Phase I, the rest in Phase II. MoU has been signed and the project has commenced; as of October 2019, a 6.08-km rail corridor to ferry cargo to the port is being built at a cost of 518 million on a 31.175 hectare area. The Kattupalli yard is built for making warships and to augment the existing capacity at Hazira in Gujarat for sub-marines.

A draft of up to 14 m and a waterfront exceeding 2.2 km makes the facility well suited to building large defence ships. The Integrated shipyard complex will have the following facilities: Commercial ship building including large cargo carriers. At the yard, encompassing 1,250 acres, L&T has commissioned facilities to build offshore platforms, drilling rigs and FPSOs, besides a minor port which can handle container ships. An 18,000-tonne shiplift is being installed at the yard. In the first phase, around ₹ 40,000 million is being invested in the facility that will start rolling out ships by January 2012. 7 August 2009 L&T scales down investment in the first phase to ₹ 15,000 million. Total investment in both phases of the project is ₹ 50,000 million.26 April 2010 L&T arranges funds for Kattupalli project. The shipbuilding facility, billed as India's biggest, has got environmental clearance from the Union government; the Tamil Nadu government has allocated land for the shipyard complex.14 Sep 2010 India's biggest engineering and construction firm, L&T, will open a container terminal by January 2012 at Kattupalli, where it is building a shipyard.26 Sep 2010 Engineering major L&T's shipping arm, L&T Shipbuilding Ltd, has earmarked around ₹ 15,000 million to develop around 800 acres of land at Kattupalli for expanding its vessel building capacity, a top company official said.06 Apr 2011 International Container Terminal Services Inc said it has signed the contract with India's L&T Shipbuilding Ltd. for the container port operations for the Kattupalli Container Terminal in Tamil Nadu, India.08 Jun 2011 ICTSI has forged a deal with LTSB for the management and operation of the Kattupalli International Container Terminal for a 28-year period – a term, exceptionally long for this type of arrangement and which represents something of a first in the industry.25 Jul 2011 L&T Ship Building Ltd is to form a joint venture with Ennore Port Ltd and the Tamilnadu Industrial Development Corporation, to build a 25.5 km road tha

Sir Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Baronet

Sir Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Baronet was an Anglo-Irish poet and landowner. De Vere was the son of Sir Vere Hunt, 1st Baronet and Hon. Eleanor Pery, daughter of William Pery, 1st Baron Glentworth, he was educated at Harrow School, where he was a childhood friend of Lord Byron, Trinity College, Dublin. He married Mary Spring Rice, the daughter of Stephen Edward Rice and Catherine Spring, sister of Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon, in 1807, he succeeded to his father's title in 1818. The Hunt/de Vere family estate for 300 years, including the period of the de Vere Baronetcy of Curragh, is the present day Curraghchase Forest Park, in County Limerick. De Vere spent most of his life on the estate and was involved in its management, he suffered much trouble from his ownership of the island of Lundy, which his father, not much of a businessman, had unwisely purchased in 1802, which became a heavy drain on the family's finances. Sir Vere was never able to find a purchaser for Lundy, it took his son until 1834 to dispose of it.

Sir Aubrey came in third with 2921 votes. He changed his surname from Hunt to de Vere in 1832, in reference to his Earl of Oxford ancestors, dating back to Aubrey de Vere I, a tenant-in-chief in England of William the Conqueror in 1086, he served as High Sheriff of County Limerick in 1811. Sir Aubrey was a poet. Wordsworth called his sonnets the most perfect of the age; these and his drama, Mary Tudor: An Historical Drama, were published by his son the poet Mr. Aubrey Thomas de Vere in 1875 and 1884. De Vere produced numerous works over his lifetime; the most notable are: Ode to the Duchess of Angouleme, Julian the Apostate: A Dramatic Poem, The Duke of Mercia: An Historical Drama The Lamentation of Ireland, Other Poems, A Song of Faith: Devout Exercises and Sonnets and his most famous work, Mary Tudor: An Historical Drama. Works by or about Sir Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Baronet at Internet Archive Works by Sir Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Baronet at LibriVox