Ebenezer Ward was an Australian politician and journalist. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1870 to 1880 and from 1881 to 1890, representing Gumeracha and Frome. In 1890 he switched to the South Australian Legislative Council, where he represented Northern District until 1900, he was Minister for Agriculture and Education under James Boucaut from 1875 to 1876 and under John Colton from 1876 to 1877. As a journalist, Ward variously worked for the Morning Post in England, the Melbourne Herald, Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle, the Daily Telegraph in Adelaide, where he served a stint as editor, he subsequently established a series of regional newspapers: Southern Argus in Port Elliot, the City and Country, the Northern Argus in Clare, a newspaper at Gumeracha, The Farmers' Messenger. Ebenezer Ward was born the eldest son of the Rev. Joseph Ward, a member of an old English family, at Russalls, Mersey Island, Essex, he was educated at Dumpton Hall, a school established for the sons of Baptist ministers, near Ramsgate, Kent.
It was intended that he joined the ministry but in 1849 he rebelled and decamped for London. He found work as a copy boy at a large printing office in Lincoln Inn Fields, it was during his short stay there that Ward acquired his appreciation of Shakespeare while checking proof sheets which they were printing for Routledge. He next worked for the Morning Post as a reader's boy at 15/ a week, he was promoted to reader reviser, a member of their reporting staff in the gallery of the House of Commons and became proficient in shorthand. He won the confidence of his employers, at age eighteen he was working with the proprietor's son, Algernon Borthwick, with whom he maintained a long correspondence. Ward left the Morning Post in 1856 after inheriting some money, returned to Essex for three years, living the life of a country squire. In 1859 Ward migrated to Australia in the clipper The British Trident. On arrival in Melbourne in June 1859, he was recruited by George Collins Levey as a reader parliamentary reporter for the Melbourne Herald.
He worked on a Government contract collecting agricultural statistics in the Victorian interior. While touring the Victoria's important farming centres, he contributed his observations in The Herald and its associated sporting and agricultural journal Bell's Life, it was during this time that he was first urged to stand for Parliament. In 1860 Ward holidayed in Adelaide in company with G. V. Brooke, the famous tragedian, on returning to Melbourne joined the Age; the following year he was offered and accepted the leadership of the Hansard staff of the Adelaide Advertiser, commencing in June 1861. His first task was to report the budget speech of the Hon. Thomas Reynolds, his reputation as a stenographer was secured. While with the Advertiser he visited and described the orchards and vineyards of South Australia, his articles were reprinted in pamphlet form, 2000 copies were purchased by the Government for free distribution at the Great Exhibition in London in 1862. He returned to Victoria the next year to write a series of articles for the "Age".
Two years Ward joined Frederick Sinnett's Telegraph as associate editor. In 1864, following passage of the Northern Territory Settlers Act, he was appointed by the South Australian Government as clerk-in-charge and postmaster of Boyle Travers Finniss's expedition to colonise the Northern Territory. While the expedition was being organised he visited Melbourne and rejoined the Age staff, contributing special articles on the vineyards of Victoria. Finniss's party sailed in April 1864, but broke up in a flurry of jealousies and personal recriminations and Ward was one of those who returned to Adelaide in January 1865 after being dismissed by Finniss for insubordination, he rejoined the Telegraph as editor, but was soon given the ultimatum of either discontinuing his Hansard work or leaving the Telegraph. He chose the latter, continued with Hansard untiil 1868. In 1865 he established the Southern Argus in Port Elliot. Six months he rejoined the Telegraph and took up his old position as Government shorthand writer.
He founded several more newspapers during the next ten years: the City and Country, the Northern Argus in Clare and he once had a paper at Gumeracha. He owned The Farmers' Messenger, which according to reports either failed to attract a readership or was popular with farmers. In 1868 he issued his first address to the electors of Gumeracha, after a fierce contest was defeated by 22 votes. Two years he tried again, this time in opposition to Arthur Blyth and A. G. Downer and on 5 April 1870 was returned by a substantial majority, secured 343 of 512 votes, in 1872, 1875 and 1878 he headed the poll for that district, he made his mark as an eloquent speaker and succeeded in pushing a number of important matters, including the opening up of railway communication with Victoria. In 1875 Ward was elevated to Cabinet, he was the first Minister of Agriculture in South Australia, if not in Australia, Minister of Education under two Premiers It has been suggested that this was a ploy to keep his attention away from land reform.
In 1880 he resigned his seat as an undischarged bankrupt, but in 1881 was elected for the Burra district with the Hon. W. B. Rounsevell. After the subdivision of the Burra electorate in 1884, the Frome district returned Ward at the head of the poll, he was e
Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch)
The Australian Labor Party known as South Australian Labor, is the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party formed in 1891 as the United Labor Party of South Australia. It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Liberal Party of Australia. Since the 1970 election, marking the beginning of democratic proportional representation and ending decades of pro-rural electoral malapportionment known as the Playmander, Labor have won 11 of the 15 elections. Spanning 16 years and 4 terms, Labor was last in government from the 2002 election until the 2018 election. Jay Weatherill led the Labor government since a 2011 leadership change from Mike Rann. During 2013 it became the longest-serving state Labor government in South Australian history, in addition went on to win a fourth four-year term at the 2014 election. Labor's most notable historic Premiers of South Australia include Thomas Price in the 1900s, Don Dunstan in the 1970s and John Bannon in the 1980s.
A United Trades and Labor Council meeting with the purpose of creating an elections committee was convened on 12 December 1890, held on 7 January 1891. The elections committee was formed named the United Labor Party of South Australia with John McPherson the founding secretary. Four months Labor enjoyed immediate success, electing David Charleston, Robert Guthrie and Andrew Kirkpatrick to the South Australian Legislative Council. A week Richard Hooper won the 1891 Wallaroo by-election as an Independent Labor member in the South Australian House of Assembly. McPherson won the 1892 East Adelaide by-election on 23 January, becoming the first official Labor leader and member of the House of Assembly. Prior to party creation, South Australian politics had lacked parties or solid groupings, although loose liberal and conservative blocs had begun to develop by the end of the 1880s; the 1893 election was the first general election Labor would stand at, resulting in liberal and conservative leaning MPs beginning to divide, additionally with unidentified groupings and independents, as well as the subsequent formation of the staunchly anti-Labor National Defence League.
The voluntary turnout rate increased from 53 to 68 percent, with Labor on 19 percent of the vote, 10 Labor candidates including McPherson and Hooper were elected to the 54-member House of Assembly which gave Labor the balance of power. The Kingston liberal government was formed with the support of Labor, ousting the Downer conservative government. Kingston served as Premier for a then-record of six and a half years implementing legislation with Labor support. Thomas Price formed the state's first Labor minority government and the world's first stable Labor Party government at the 1905 election with the support of several non-Labor MPs to form the Price-Peake administration, re-elected at the 1906 double dissolution election, with Labor falling just two seats short of a majority. So successful, John Verran led Labor to form the state's first of many majority governments at the 1910 election, just two weeks after the 1910 federal election where their federal counterparts formed Australia's first elected majority in either house in the Parliament of Australia, the world's first Labor Party majority government at a national level, after the 1904 Chris Watson minority government the world's second Labor Party government at a national level.
Known as the United Labor Party of South Australia until 1917, the Australian Labor Party at both a state/colony and federal level pre-dates, among others, both the British Labour Party and the New Zealand Labour Party in party formation and policy implementation. Thirteen of the nineteen parliamentary Labor leaders have served as Premier of South Australia: Thomas Price, John Verran, Crawford Vaughan, John Gunn, Lionel Hill, Frank Walsh, Don Dunstan, Des Corcoran, John Bannon, Lynn Arnold, Mike Rann and Jay Weatherill. Robert Richards was Premier in 1933 while leading the rebel Parliamentary Labor Party of MPs, expelled in the 1931 Labor split. Bannon is Labor's longest-serving Premier of South Australia, ahead of Rann and Dunstan by a matter of weeks; every Labor leader for more than half a century has gone on to serve as Premier. Since the position's formal introduction in 1968, seven parliamentary Labor deputy leaders have served as Deputy Premier of South Australia: Des Corcoran, Hugh Hudson, Jack Wright, Don Hopgood, Frank Blevins, Kevin Foley and John Rau. Foley is the state's longest-serving Deputy Premier.
John McPherson Lee Batchelor Thomas Price John Verran Crawford Vaughan Andrew Kirkpatrick John Gunn Lionel Hill Edgar Dawes Andrew Lacey Robert Richards Mick O'Halloran Frank Walsh Don Dunstan Des Corcoran John Bannon Lynn Arnold Mike Rann Jay Weatherill Peter Malinauskas Kate Ellis – Adelaide MP since 2004 Mark Butler – Port Adelaide MP since 2007 Nick Champion – Wakefield MP since 2007 Amanda Rishworth – Kingston MP since 2007 Tony Zappia – Makin MP since 2007 Steve Georganas – Hindmarsh MP since 2016 Penn
South Australian House of Assembly
The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. The other is the Legislative Council, it sits in Parliament House in Adelaide. The House of Assembly was created in 1857; the development of an elected legislature — although only men could vote — marked a significant change from the prior system, where legislative power was in the hands of the Governor and the Legislative Council, appointed by the Governor. In 1895, the House of Assembly granted women the right to vote and stand for election to the legislature. South Australia was the second place in the world to do so after New Zealand in 1893, the first to allow women to stand for election. From 1857 to 1933, the House of Assembly was elected from multi-member districts known as "seats," with each district returning between one and six members; the size of the Assembly varied during this time—36 members from 1857 to 1875, 46 members from 1875 to 1884, 52 members from 1884 to 1890, 54 members from 1890 to 1902, 42 members from 1902 to 1912, 40 members from 1912 to 1915, 46 members from 1915 to 1938.
In 1938, the Assembly was reduced to 39 members, elected from single-member districts. The House of Assembly has had 47 members since the 1970 election, elected from single-member districts: 34 in the Adelaide metropolitan area and 13 in rural areas; these seats are intended to represent the same population in each electorate. Voting is by preferential voting with complete preference allocation, as with the equivalent federal chamber, the Australian House of Representatives. All members face re-election every four years; the most recent election was held on 17 March 2018. Most legislation is initiated in the House of Assembly; the party or coalition with a majority of seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party becomes Premier of South Australia, their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios; as Australian MPs always vote along party lines all legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the House of Assembly.
As with the federal parliament and Australian other states and territories, voting in the Assembly is compulsory for all those over the age of 18. Voting in the House of Assembly had been voluntary, but this was changed in 1942. While South Australia's total population is 1.7 million, 1.3 million of them live in Adelaide. Uniquely, over 75% of the state's population resides in the metropolitan area, making South Australia the most centralised state in the nation; as a result, Adelaide accounts for 72% of the seats in the chamber. The dominance of Adelaide, combined with a lack of comparatively-sized rural population centres, results in the metropolitan area deciding election outcomes. At the 2014 election for example, although the state-wide two-party vote was 47.0% Labor v 53.0% Liberal, the metropolitan area recorded a 2PP of 51.5% Labor v 48.5% Liberal. 24 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation. South Australian state election, 2018 List of elections in South Australia List of South Australian state by-elections Members of the South Australian House of Assembly Parliaments of the Australian states and territories South Australian Electoral Districts House of Assembly Homepage General Hansard Information
Orroroo, South Australia
Orroroo is a town in the Yorke and Mid North region of South Australia. At the 2016 census, the locality of Orroroo had a population of 610 while its urban centre had a population of 537; the Wilmington-Ucolta Road passes through here, intersecting with the RM Williams Way which leads to the Birdsville and Oodnadatta Tracks. The Peterborough–Quorn railway line extended from Peterborough to Orroroo in 1881 and Quorn in 1882, connecting with the new Central Australia Railway from Port Augusta; these railways have now been abandoned. Orroroo is situated near Goyder's Line, a line drawn up in 1865 by Surveyor General Goyder which he believed indicated the edge of the area suitable for agriculture. Prior to European settlement, Orroroo was the home of the Ngadjuri Aboriginal people whose domain was the area to the east of the Flinders Rangers; the name Orroroo was thought to be an form of onomatopoeia in imitation of wind blowing through acacia trees. According to J. Gray, it meant'early start', referring to the fact that the Ngadjuri, who camped at Pekina Creek, would move to camp at the Orroroo river the night before hunting for kangaroos, which would come up to the river at that point and thus allow them to make an early start at dawn for the hunt.
Aboriginal origins, but the true meaning of the word is uncertain. The name was first used by an early pioneer who conducted a nearby coaching house which served travellers on the Burra-Blinman track. In 1844, the first Europeans to settle and James Chambers, took up the Pekina Run which covered 320 square miles, they did not receive any rain during the 17 months. As a result of this drought, they sold the Pekina Run for £30. Charlie Easther settled in Orroroo during 1864 and opened up an eating house that became a popular stopping point for the drovers and bullockys who travelled through the area; the town was surveyed in 1875, when Solly's Hut, a clay-pugged log structure, was constructed as the town's first house and is now used as a museum. In September 1875, the town was named by George Goyder following the suggestion made by Charlie Easther; the first land sales were made in May 1876. The town was granted its own local council, the District Council of Orroroo, in 1887 (taking effect in 1888(, the town's council offices were constructed in 1888.
The District Council of Orroroo would survive until 1997, when it was merged to create the District Council of Orroroo Carrieton. On 24 August 1923, 230-volt electricity was connected to the town by Cr Martin Redden, Chairman of the District Council, in the presence of a large crowd. On 4 July 1962, the power house engines were shut down to change to AC power which gave the houses standard 240-volt power. An early irrigation scheme was formed after damming the Pekina Creek and creating the Pekina reservoir. Water from here was supplied to over 50 dairy farms. Orroroo had its own flour mill, several bakeries, carriage manufacturer and a butter factory, which still stands. Orroroo is the service centre for a predominantly farming community with the main products being wheat, cattle, pigs and a kangaroo processor. A local curiosity is nearby, called "Magnetic Hill", a gravity hill optical illusion; the town was connected by the Peterborough–Quorn railway line to Peterborough and Quorn in September 1881, was served by a Class 1 station and a large Goods Shed.
During 1962, concrete grain silos were built in the Yard. these provided the bulk of traffic until the railway was closed in 1987Orroroo was the last attended station on the railway. Passenger services were discontinued during 1969, when the South Australian Railways withdrew the railcar service. Grain continued to be hauled by rail from Orroroo until 1987, when all rail services were withdrawn by Australian National. Steamtown, a railway preservation group based at Peterborough, operated passenger trains for tourists to Orroroo and Eurelia until 2002; the railway line was removed in 2008. Orroroo is on the south-north RM Williams Way connecting Clare to Hawker and the west-east route B56 connecting the Port Augusta to Broken Hill. "Orroroo" was named by a C. J. Easther, an early settler in the region; the Register of 16 November 1926 gives two still further alternatives, stating that Orroroo was the name of an Aboriginal girl who lived on nearby Pekina station, that the town was for some reason named in honour of this girl, but noting that others have suggested the name derivates from an Aboriginal word meaning'dust','drift', or'a windy locality'.
It is true that in the Advertiser of 9 January 1903, it is said that orroroo means wind in "the native language". In the Advertiser of 15 August 1908, a still further derivation is suggested by a Gustav Degenhardt, who claims the name comes from the Aboriginal name for a nearby creek, Oorooroo. Degenhardt resided in Orroroo from at least as early as 1880, so it may be that he had first-hand knowledge of Easther's reasons for so naming the town; the Orroroo Country Fire Service is the volunteer fire service of Orroroo. They are part of the Black Rock CFS Group. Arthur Richman Addison MLC and son Walter C. Addison, a champion rifle shooter, were longtime residents. Hooper Brewster-Jones, an Australian composer, born in Orroroo. Rex Ingamells and founder of the Jindyworobak Movement, born in Orroroo. Professor Harry Medlin, Deputy Vice-Chancellor of University of Adelaide 1978-1997 Luke Tapscott, former footballer with Melbourne in the Australian Football League, born in Orroroo. Orroroo Cemetery names Orroroo Cemetery photos
Sir John William Downer, KCMG, KC was an Australian politician who served two terms as Premier of South Australia, from 1885 to 1887 and again from 1892 to 1893. He entered federal politics and served as a Senator for South Australia from 1901 to 1903, he was the first of four Australian politicians from the Downer family dynasty. Born in Adelaide, John Downer was educated on a scholarship at St Peter's College, where he was a brilliant student, he was admitted to the bar, soon won a reputation as being among Adelaide's most talented and eloquent lawyers. Downer became a Queen's Counsel in 1878, the same year in which he was elected to the House of Assembly for Barossa, he represented this constituency until 1901. In the House of Assembly he soon made his mark and became Attorney-General in John Cox Bray's cabinet on 24 June 1881, he endeavoured to bring in several law reforms, though his married women's property bill was not passed, he succeeded in carrying bills allowing accused persons to give evidence on oath, amending the insolvency and marriage acts.
The government was defeated in June 1884, but a year on 16 June 1885, Downer himself became Premier for the first time, as well as being Attorney-General once again. While Premier, Downer oversaw the construction of the first train line from Adelaide to Melbourne, he made significant contributions to establishing irrigation settlements along the Murray River. Although this ministry lasted two years and passed a fair amount of legislation, it was in difficulties, in June 1886 had to be reconstructed. At the Colonial Conference held in London during 1887, Downer represented South Australia, but during his return journey to Australia his government was defeated; this ministry was responsible for a tariff imposing increased protective duties. Downer was not in office again for several years, but in October 1892 again became Premier, taking the portfolio of Chief Secretary. In May 1893 he exchanged this for the position of Treasurer of South Australia, but was ousted at the 1893 election by liberal Protectionist Kingston with the support of the new Labor Party led by John McPherson.
Downer remarked of this party:'They are clever fellows. I have great respect for the way they use either side for their purposes with absolute impartiality'. For most of the period until 1899 Downer led the Opposition. Downer had represented South Australia at the 1883 and 1891 conventions. At the latter meeting, he took an important part in protecting the interests of the smaller states, was a member of the constitutional committee, he was elected one of the 10 representatives of South Australia at the 1897 convention, was again on the constitutional committee. At the time of Federation in 1901, Downer was elected as one of the inaugural senators for the Protectionist Party in South Australia at the first Parliament of Australia, but he did not seek re-election in 1903, he entered the South Australian Legislative Council as a National Defence League representative of the southern district in 1905, continued to be re-elected until his death on 2 August 1915. Alfred Deakin assessed Downer in the following terms:'bull-headed, rather thick-necked, … with the dogged set of the mouth of a prize fighter' and'smallish eyes'.
Downer was regarded a first-rate barrister, some of his speeches to juries were singled out by contemporaries as laudable examples of forensic art. He was successful in parliamentary debate. In politics Downer tended to be conservative without being obstinate, he described himself as a Tory, on account of this he found himself in a minority during his years in parliament. He advocated the rights of married women to their own property, female suffrage, protection of local industries, federation. Downer married twice: firstly in 1871 to daughter of the Rev. James Henderson. With Elizabeth he had John Henry, James Frederick and Harold Sydney; the son of his second marriage was Alexander Russell Downer, who served in the Menzies government, was knighted, served as Australian High Commissioner in London, whose son, Alexander Downer served as leader of the Liberal party in 1994 and Foreign Minister in the Howard government. The home he purchased in 1880 at 42 Pennington Terrace, North Adelaide, is now St Mark's College and the original part of the building is known as Downer House.
A draft of the Australian Constitution was prepared in the ballroom in 1897. A brother and partner in his business, Henry Edward Downer, entered the South Australian parliament in 1881 and was attorney-general in the John Cockburn ministry from May to August 1890. Another brother, A George Downer was his partner in the legal firm G & J Downer and a prominent businessman. In 1887, at the Imperial Conference in London, Downer was created KCMG, recommended to the Queen by the Marquis of Salisbury. During retirement, he joined the Adelaide University Council and became president of the Commonwealth Club; the Canberra suburb of Downer, Australian Capital Territory was named after him in 1960. On Garema Place, Canberra stands a commemorative sculpt
High Green is the northernmost suburb of Sheffield, located about 8 miles from the city centre. It is served by a number of buses; the suburb falls within the West Ecclesfield ward of the city Council. High Green has expanded to fill its green belt limits within the last 20 years, now merging building-wise with Chapeltown; the scenery of the Wharncliffe Crags is not far from High Green, Westwood Country Park is within easy reach. The dam set in the country park is a favourite place for fishermen, runners and local children; the older, council-owned houses were part refurbished about 10 years ago, modernised to the council decent homes programme. The centre of High Green has a Post Office that has moved to the local shop, a local pub, a dentist, two doctors' practices and a few shops along the main street, Wortley Road. High Green has 5 primary schools: 4 mainstream schools and 1 non-maintained special school, Paces School High Green Secondary, for both primary and secondary age children. High Green does not have a mainstream secondary school.
Other mainstream secondary schools that children in the area got to are Stocksbridge or Notre Dame. Since 1997, High Green has been the home of Paces, a registered charity managing services for children and young people with cerebral palsy and their families, including Paces School which uses the Conductive education approach; the school is at the heart of Paces Campus, a regular local community centre that offers a range of child-care, IT, sports and health activities open to all. Paces Campus is an inclusive community centre and business hub which specialises in enterprise development, disabilities and arts; the Campus serves the local communities of Chapeltown, High Green and the wider north Sheffield, south Barnsley and north-west Rotherham areas. People come here to do business; the Campus offers a range of activities from childcare, after school clubs, art sessions, sports centre groups, computer sales and recycling, training including ICT and micro business incubation. It houses a specialist resource for children with disabilities and programmes for adults with disabilities.
High Green has two main estates based around their named parks. Mortomley Park and Angram Bank Recreation Park. Mortomley has a Tenant & Resident Association, based within Newgate Close Sheltered Housing. Angram Bank has its own group. Within the Pavilion is a Mother & Toddler group that runs each Thursday morning. There was a church group; as one of the poorest estates in the country Angram Bank has some dedicated volunteers trying to improve the lives of the community. The popular band Arctic Monkeys comes from High Green, their frontman Alex Turner presents the band in concert saying, "We are the Arctic Monkeys from High Green, Sheffield!" Their song "Red Light Indicates Doors Are Secured" includes the lyrics, "I said, it's High Green, mate / Via Hillsborough, please!" At the end of another song, "All My Own Stunts," Matt Helders shouts "Because I'm from High Green, I'm from High Green!" The band's drumhead features the numbers 0114, the dialing code for Sheffield. High Green hit the national headlines over Christmas 2012 when the organist at St. Saviour's parish church was murdered on his way to midnight communion on Christmas Eve.
Two men were convicted and jailed for the attack. And more when the Parish Priest at St Mary's Church received a letter threatening to petrol bomb services and stab congregation members one by one
1902 South Australian state election
State elections were held in South Australia on 3 May 1902 following the dissolution of both houses. All 42 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election, all 18 seats in the Legislative Council; the House had a reduction of 12 seats compared to the previous election. The Council was reduced from 6 members in each of four districts to 6 members from Central District and four from each of North-Eastern and Southern Districts; the incumbent liberal government led by Premier of South Australia John Jenkins in an informal coalition with the conservatives defeated the United Labor Party led by Thomas Price. Each of the 13 districts elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes. Following the 1899 election, Charles Kingston tried again for franchise reform; the Assembly voted against the measure and Kingston resigned his ministry. He was replaced by Vaiben Louis Solomon for a brief period of seven days, until Frederick Holder formed a government which, for the first time, included a ULP member, Lee Batchelor.
The parliament was transformed by the impact of federation. Seven leading members of the Assembly were elected to the Parliament of Australia; as a result, there were 11 by-elections in this period. The Assembly was reduced in numbers, from 54 to 42. A redistribution was carried out following these changes, to produce a chamber elected from 13 districts - one 5-member, two four-member, nine 3-member and one 2-member electorates; the election was a "new start" for the parliament. There was no "Liberal" or "Kingston" party, but there was a cohesive Kingston group among both independent members and candidates; the Liberal and Democratic Union would not be formed until the 1906 election. Members of the South Australian House of Assembly, 1902–1905 Members of the South Australian Legislative Council, 1902–1905 History of South Australian elections 1857-2006, volume 1: ECSA Statistical Record of the Legislature 1836-2007: SA Parliament State and federal election results in Australia since 1890 The 13 electorates from 1902 to 1915: The Adelaide Chronicle