Fayette County, Pennsylvania
Fayette County is a county of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. Fayette County is located in southwestern Pennsylvania, adjacent to West Virginia; as of the 2010 census, the population was 136,606. Its county seat is Uniontown; the county was created on September 26, 1783, from part of Westmoreland County and named after the Marquis de Lafayette. Fayette County is part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the southern border of Fayette County is the southern border of Pennsylvania at both the Pennsylvania–Maryland state line and the Pennsylvania–West Virginia state line. The first Europeans in Fayette County were explorers, who had used an ancient American Indian trail that bisected the county on their journey across the Appalachian Mountains. In 1754, when control of the area was still in dispute between France and Great Britain, 22-year-old George Washington fought against the French at the Battle of Jumonville Glen and Fort Necessity. British forces under Washington and General Edward Braddock improved roads throughout the region, making the future Fayette County an important supply route.
During the American Revolution, Fayette County was plagued by attacks from British-allied Indians and remained isolated as a frontier region. Retarding settlement was a border dispute with Virginia. In 1780 the dispute was settled by the federal government in favor of Pennsylvania, Fayette County was formed from Westmoreland County in 1783. Fayette County settlers provided the new United States government with an early test of authority in the 1793 Whiskey Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against tax collectors to protest a new liquor tax. President George Washington called out the militias to restore order. However, they were talked out of any violent action by owner of Friendship Hill and future Secretary of the Treasury, Albert Gallatin. Fayette County continued to be important to travelers in the early 1800s; the National Road provided a route through the mountains of the county for settlers heading west. The shipyards in Brownsville on the Monongahela River built ships for both the domestic and international trade.
As Pittsburgh developed its industries in the mid-19th century, Fayette County become a center of coal mining and coke production. From the 1880s to the early 1900s, the area's great expansion in steel production became nationally important, labor unions shaped national policies. Both new European immigrants and African Americans in the Great Migration from the rural South were attracted to the Pittsburgh area for industrial jobs; the historic Scottish and German farming communities established in the earlier 19th century were soon overshadowed by the wave of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe. The region's wealth has been concentrated among the old English and Scottish families who had established businesses and political power in Pittsburgh prior to and in the advent of industrialization building the new manufacturing concerns, as did Andrew Carnegie. By World War II, Fayette County had a new unionized working class. In the 1950s, the coal industry fell into decline. In the 1970s, the restructuring and collapse of American steel resulted in a massive loss of industrial jobs and hard times in the area.
The population has declined since the peak in 1940, as residents have had to move elsewhere for work. The loss of union jobs caused many working families to drop out of the middle class. Only a few mines are being worked in the 21st century, but natural resources remain crucial to the local economy; the region is transitioning toward the service sector, with an increase in jobs in fields such as telemarketing. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 798 square miles, of which 790 square miles is land and 8.0 square miles is water. The western portion of the county contains rolling foothills and two valleys along the Monongahela and Youghiogheny rivers; the eastern portion of the county is mountainous and forested. Many coal mines are located within the area. Westmoreland County Somerset County Garrett County, Maryland Preston County, West Virginia Monongalia County, West Virginia Greene County Washington County Fort Necessity National Battlefield Friendship Hill National Historic Site As of the 2010 census, there were 136,606 people, 59,969 households, 41,198 families residing in the county.
The population density was 188 people per square mile. There were 66,490 housing units at an average density of 84 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.30% White, 4.71% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 2.33% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.8% were of German, 13.2% Italian, 11.4% Irish, 9.2% American, 8.4% Polish, 7.9% English and 6.6% Slovak ancestry. There were 59,969 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 18.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females
Simon Cameron was an influential American businessman and politician who served as United States Secretary of War for Abraham Lincoln at the start of the American Civil War. Cameron made his fortune in railways and banking, founded the Bank of Middletown, he turned to a life of politics. He became a U. S. senator in 1845 for the state of Pennsylvania. A Democrat, he failed to secure a nomination for senator from the Know-Nothing party and joined the People's Party, the Pennsylvania branch of what became the Republican Party, he won the Senate seat in 1857 and became one of the candidates for the Republican nomination in the presidential election of 1860. Cameron became his Secretary of War, he served only a year before resigning amidst allegations of disorganization and corruption during the early phases of the American Civil War. Cameron became the minister to Russia but was overseas for less than a year. Beginning in 1867, he again served in the Senate. After leaving the Senate, Cameron lived in retirement, but still participated in politics and tended to his many business interests.
He was buried in Harrisburg. Cameron's chief legacy was a powerful Republican party machine that continued to dominate Pennsylvania politics long after his death. Simon Cameron was born in Maytown, Pennsylvania in 1799, to Charles Cameron, son of Simon Cameron and Martha Pfoutz, his wife Martha McLaughlin, daughter of Hugh McLaughlin, but the above personal information does not match the story that he was orphaned at nine and apprenticed to a printer, Andrew Kennedy, editor of the Northumberland Gazette before entering the field of journalism. It may be that he was apprenticed to Kennedy at age nine for a standard period of seven years, continued as a journeyman printer at age 16, he was the third of five sons. He was editor of the Bucks County Messenger in 1821. A year he moved to Washington, D. C. and studied political movements while working for the printing firm of Seaton. On 17 October 1822 in Harrisburg, Cameron married Margaret Brua, daughter of Peter Brua and Catherine Rupley, the daughter of Johann Jacob Rupple alias Lieut.
Jacob Rupley. Cameron purchased and ran the Harrisburg Republican in 1824. Cameron served as state printer of Pennsylvania from 1825 until 1827 and was state adjutant general in 1826, he merged them into the Northern Central Railway. He engaged in other business enterprises. In 1838, he was appointed as commissioner to settle claims of the Winnebago Indians. Cameron began his political career as a Democrat, supporting the campaigns of Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, he was elected to replace James Buchanan in the United States Senate in 1845, serving until 1849. A persistent opponent of slavery, Cameron switched to the Know Nothing Party, before joining the Republican Party in 1856. In 1857, Cameron was again elected to the US Senate. At the 1860 Republican National Convention, Cameron controlled the votes of the Pennsylvania delegation, he delivered those votes to Abraham Lincoln for the nomination for President, decisive. In return, Lincoln's managers promised a Cabinet post for Cameron; when Lincoln became President, he reluctantly appointed Cameron Secretary of War.
His tenure was marked by allegations of corruption and lax management, he was forced to resign early in 1862. His corruption was so notorious that US Representative Thaddeus Stevens, when asked whether Cameron would steal, said: "I don't think that he would steal a red hot stove." Cameron was succeeded as Secretary of War by Edwin Stanton, serving as Cameron's legal advisor. Cameron served as Minister to Russia. Cameron's brother, James Cameron, colonel of the 79th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, was killed in action at the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861. Cameron made a political comeback after the Civil War, building a powerful state party machine that would dominate Pennsylvania politics for the next seventy years. In 1866, Cameron was again elected to the Senate. Cameron convinced his close friend Ulysses S. Grant to appoint his son, James Donald Cameron, as Secretary of War in 1876; that year, Cameron helped Rutherford B. Hayes win the Republican nomination in 1876. Cameron resigned from the Senate in 1877 after assuring.
Though Cameron had intended for his son to succeed him as head of the state machine, Matthew Quay succeeded Cameron as the party boss. Cameron retired to his farm at Donegal Springs Cameron Estate near Maytown, Pennsylvania where he died on June 26, 1889, he is buried in the Harrisburg Cemetery in Pennsylvania. Cameron County and Cameron Parish, are named in his honor. Simon Cameron House and Bank, Pennsylvania Simon Cameron House, Pennsylvania Simon Cameron School, Pennsylvania Bradley, Erwin Stanley. Simon Cameron, Lincoln's Secretary of War: A Political Biography. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. LCCN 65020756. Crip
Harrisburg is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, the county seat of Dauphin County. With a population of 49,192, it is the 15th largest city in the Commonwealth, it lies on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, 107 miles west of Philadelphia. Harrisburg is the anchor of the Susquehanna Valley metropolitan area, which had a 2017 estimated population of 571,903, making it the fourth most populous in Pennsylvania and 96th most populous in the United States. Harrisburg played a notable role in American history during the Westward Migration, the American Civil War, the Industrial Revolution. During part of the 19th century, the building of the Pennsylvania Canal and the Pennsylvania Railroad allowed Harrisburg to become one of the most industrialized cities in the Northeastern United States; the U. S. Navy ship USS Harrisburg, which served from 1918 to 1919 at the end of World War I, was named in honor of the city. In the mid-to-late 20th century, the city's economic fortunes fluctuated with its major industries consisting of government, heavy manufacturing and food services.
The Pennsylvania Farm Show, the largest free indoor agriculture exposition in the United States, was first held in Harrisburg in 1917 and has been held there every early-to-mid January since then. Harrisburg hosts an annual outdoor sports show, the largest of its kind in North America, an auto show, which features a large static display of new as well as classic cars and is renowned nationwide, Motorama, a two-day event consisting of a car show, motocross racing, remote control car racing, more. Harrisburg is known for the Three Mile Island accident, which occurred on March 28, 1979, near Middletown. In 2010 Forbes rated Harrisburg as the second best place in the U. S. to raise a family. Despite the city's recent financial troubles, in 2010 The Daily Beast website ranked 20 metropolitan areas across the country as being recession-proof, the Harrisburg region landed at No. 7. The financial stability of the region is in part due to the high concentration of state and federal government agencies.
Harrisburg's site along the Susquehanna River is thought to have been inhabited by Native Americans as early as 3000 BC. Known to the Native Americans as "Peixtin", or "Paxtang", the area was an important resting place and crossroads for Native American traders, as the trails leading from the Delaware to the Ohio rivers, from the Potomac to the Upper Susquehanna intersected there; the first European contact with Native Americans in Pennsylvania was made by the Englishman, Captain John Smith, who journeyed from Virginia up the Susquehanna River in 1608 and visited with the Susquehanna tribe. In 1719, John Harris, Sr. an English trader, settled here and 14 years secured grants of 800 acres in this vicinity. In 1785, John Harris, Jr. made plans to lay out a town on his father's land, which he named Harrisburg. In the spring of 1785, the town was formally surveyed by William Maclay, a son-in-law of John Harris, Sr. In 1791, Harrisburg became incorporated, in October 1812 it was named the Pennsylvania state capital, which it has remained since.
The assembling here of the sectional Harrisburg Convention in 1827 led to the passage of the high protective-tariff bill of 1828. In 1839, Harrison and Tyler were nominated for President of the United States at the first national convention of the Whig Party of the United States, held in Harrisburg. Before Harrisburg gained its first industries, it was a scenic, pastoral town, typical of most of the day: compact and surrounded by farmland. In 1822, the impressive brick capitol was completed for $200,000, it was Harrisburg's strategic location. It was settled as a trading post in 1719 at a location important to Westward expansion; the importance of the location was. The Susquehanna River flowed west to east at this location, providing a route for boat traffic from the east; the head of navigation was a short distance northwest of the town, where the river flowed through the pass. Persons arriving from the east by boat had to exit at Harrisburg and prepare for an overland journey westward through the mountain pass.
Harrisburg assumed importance as a provisioning stop at this point where westward bound pioneers transitioned from river travel to overland travel. It was because of its strategic location that the state legislature selected the small town of Harrisburg to become the state capital in 1812; the grandeur of the Colonial Revival capitol dominated the quaint town. The streets were orderly and platted in grid pattern; the Pennsylvania Canal was coursed the length of the town. The residential houses were situated on only a few city blocks stretching southward from the capitol, they were one story. No factories were present but there were blacksmith shops and other businesses. During the American Civil War, Harrisburg was a significant training center for the Union Army, with tens of thousands of troops passing through Camp Curtin, it was a major rail center for the Union and a vital link between the Atlantic coast and the Midwest, with several railroads running through the city and spanning the Susquehanna River.
As a result of this importance, it was a target of General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during its two invasions; the first time during the 1862 Maryland Campaign, when Lee planned to capture the city after taking Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, but was prevented from d
John I. Mitchell
John Inscho Mitchell was an American lawyer and Republican party politician from Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He served in the state legislature and represented Pennsylvania in both the U. S. House and Senate, he was a judge in several state courts. John Inscho Mitchell was born in Tioga Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania on July 28, 1838, he attended common school in addition to receiving private instruction. Mitchell received his college education at the University of Lewisburg, modern-day Bucknell University. After graduating from college in 1859, Mitchell taught school until 1861, when he joined the Union Army, he served in the Civil War as a lieutenant and captain in the 166th Regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Mitchell subsequently pursued an education in law and was admitted to the bar in 1864, he served as District Attorney of Tioga County from 1868 to 1871. He ran for, was elected to and served in the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives between 1872 and 1876 until his election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served from 1877 to 1881.
In 1881, Mitchell was elected to the United States Senate. He served there for one six-year term and was chairman of the Committee on the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries and Committee on Pensions. After the conclusion of his congressional career, Mitchell served as judge of the court of common pleas of Pennsylvania's fourth district from 1888 to 1899, he subsequently served for one session as judge of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania. Mitchell died in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania on August 20, 1907, was interred in Wellsboro Cemetery. United States Congress. "John I. Mitchell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. John I. Mitchell at Find a Grave
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
George M. Dallas
George Mifflin Dallas was an American politician and diplomat who served as mayor of Philadelphia from 1828 to 1829 and as the 11th vice president of the United States from 1845 to 1849. The son of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander J. Dallas, George Dallas attended elite preparatory schools before embarking on a legal career, he served as the private secretary to Albert Gallatin and worked for the Treasury Department and the Second Bank of the United States. He emerged as a leader of the "Family party" faction of the Pennsylvania Democratic Party, Dallas developed a rivalry with James Buchanan, the leader of the "Amalgamator" faction. Between 1828 and 1835, he served as the mayor of Philadelphia, the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Attorney General, he represented Pennsylvania in the United States Senate from 1831 to 1833 but declined to seek re-election. President Martin Van Buren appointed Dallas to the post of Minister to Russia, Dallas held that position from 1837 to 1839.
Dallas supported Van Buren's bid for another term in the 1844 presidential election, but James K. Polk won the party's presidential nomination; the 1844 Democratic National Convention nominated Dallas as Polk's running mate, Polk and Dallas defeated the Whig ticket in the general election. A supporter of expansion and popular sovereignty, Dallas called for the annexation of all of Mexico during the Mexican–American War, he sought to position himself for contention in the 1848 presidential election, but his vote to lower the tariff destroyed his base of support in his home state. Dallas served as the ambassador to Britain from 1856 to 1861 before retiring from public office. George Mifflin Dallas was born on July 10, 1792, to Alexander James Dallas and Arabella Maria Smith Dallas in Philadelphia, his father, born in Kingston and educated in Edinburgh, was the Secretary of the Treasury under United States President James Madison, was briefly the Secretary of War. George Dallas was given his middle name after Thomas Mifflin, another politician, good friends with his father.
Dallas was the second of six children, another of whom, would become the commander of Pensacola Navy Yard. During Dallas's childhood, the family lived in a mansion on Fourth Street, with a second home in the countryside, situated on the Schuylkill River, he was educated at Quaker-run preparatory schools, before studying at the College of New Jersey, from which he graduated with highest honors in 1810. While at College, he participated in several activities, including the American Whig–Cliosophic Society. Afterwards, he studied law, was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1813; as a new graduate, Dallas had little enthusiasm for legal practice. Just after this, Dallas accepted an offer to be the private secretary of Albert Gallatin, he went to Russia with Gallatin, sent there to try to secure its aid in peace negotiations between Great Britain and the United States. Dallas enjoyed the opportunities offered to him by being in Russia, but after six months there he was ordered to go to London to determine whether the War of 1812 could be resolved diplomatically.
In August 1814, he arrived in Washington, D. C. and delivered a preliminary draft of Britain's peace terms. There, he was appointed by James Madison to become the remitter of the treasury, considered a "convenient arrangement" because Dallas's father was serving at the time as that department's secretary. Since the job did not entail a large workload, Dallas found time to develop his grasp of politics, his major vocational interest, he became the counsel to the Second Bank of the United States. In 1817, Dallas's father died, ending Dallas's plan for a family law practice, he stopped working for the Second Bank of the United States and became the deputy attorney general of Philadelphia, a position he held until 1820. After the War of 1812 ended, Pennsylvania's political climate was chaotic, with two factions in that state's Democratic party vying for control. One, the Philadelphia-based "Family party", was led by Dallas, it espoused the beliefs that the Constitution of the United States was supreme, that an energetic national government should exist that would implement protective tariffs, a powerful central banking system, undertake internal improvements to the country in order to facilitate national commerce.
The other faction was called the "Amalgamators", headed by the future President James Buchanan. Voters elected Dallas mayor of Philadelphia as the candidate of the Family party, after the party had gained control of the city councils. However, he grew bored of that post, became the United States attorney for the eastern district of Pennsylvania in 1829, a position his father had held from 1801 to 1814, continued in that role until 1831. In December of that year, he won a five-man, eleven-ballot contest in the state legislature, that enabled him to become the Senator from Pennsylvania in order to complete the unexpired term of the previous senator who had resigned. Dallas served less than fifteen months—from December 13, 1831, to March 3, 1833, he was chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs. Dallas declined to seek re-election, in part due to a fight over the Second Bank of the United States, in part because his wife did not want to leave Philadelphia for Washington. Dallas resumed the practice of law, was attorney general of Pennsylvania from 1833 to 1835, was initiated to the Scottish Rite Freemasonry at the Franklin Lodge #134, served as the Grand Master of Freemasons in Pennsylvania in 1835.
He was appointed by Pr
George M. Wertz
George M. Wertz was a Republican politician and publisher from Pennsylvania. George Munson Wertz was born near Pennsylvania, he attended the public schools, Ebensburg Academy, the National Normal School in Lebanon, Ohio. He taught school from 1876 to 1884, was a school director from 1886 to 1894. Wertz was a county commissioner from 1893 to 1896, served as sheriff of Cambria County, Pennsylvania from 1897 to 1901. Elected a Republican member of the Board of School Directors in 1890, George additionally served as chairman of the Republican county committee. In 1893, the Senator became a three-year Cambria County commissioner, in November 1897, Cambria County Sheriff. Through the influence of his iron manufacturer father in law, Wertz assumed a post as manager of the Cambria Steel Company, where his accomplishments included securing options for control of the Manufacturer's Water Company, Somerset County, he was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1909 to 1913, served as the body's President pro tempore from 1911 1913.
Wertz organized and ran the Johnstown Daily Leader from 1911 to 1917, creating Cambria County's first afternoon newspaper. He was an ardent fruit grower. Wertz was defeated in the 1924 Republican primary, he sold real estate until his death in Johnstown. Interment in Grandview Cemetery, Johnstown, he belonged to the Evangelical Lutheran Church. 61, Knights Templar. His father, German-Dunkard Jacob Wertz, was the great grandson of a 1735 Palatine immigrant and rose to community prominence as a farmer, an ardent Republican, abolitionist, his daughter Ada Olive Hager attended Vassar, graduating in 1908. She was one of the original graveyard suffragettes. United States Congress. "George M. Wertz". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard