Dudley Mays Hughes
Dudley Mays Hughes was an American politician and railroad executive. Hughes was born in Jeffersonville and attended the University of Georgia in Athens. In 1882, Hughes was reelected the next year. From 1904 to 1906, he served as the president of the Georgia State Agricultural Society. In 1905, he remained on that board until his death, he served on the board of trustees for the Danville School, the Georgia State Normal Institute and the Georgia State Agricultural College. Hughes was involved in several business including Magnolia Orchard and the Georgia Fruit Land Company, he served as president of the Georgia Fruit Growers Association. After serving as one of the original founders of the Macon, Dublin & Savannah Railroad chartered in 1885, Hughes served as its president until 1891 and as a director. In 1906, Hughes ran as a Democrat against incumbent Elijah B. Lewis in Georgia's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives and lost. In 1908, Hughes won, he served four consecutive terms in office.
Hughes lost his bid for reelection in 1916. He returned to farming in Danville and died in Macon, Georgia, in 1927, he was buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Georgia. Dudley Hughes is the namesake to the city of Georgia. United States Congress. "Dudley Mays Hughes". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Dudley Mays Hughes Collection, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia History of the University of Georgia, Thomas Walter Reed, Imprint: Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia, ca. 1949, p.925 Railga.com entry for the Macon, Dublin & Savannah Railroad Dudley Mays Hughes at Find a Grave
James Herron Hopkins
James Herron Hopkins was a Democratic member of the U. S. House of Representatives representing the Pittsburgh area in Pennsylvania. James H. Hopkins was born in Pennsylvania, he attended the common schools and was graduated from Washington College in Washington in 1850. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1852 and practiced in Pittsburgh, for twenty years, he was engaged in banking and mining. For several years he served as vice president of the Pittsburgh chamber of commerce. Hopkins was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1872, he was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1876, he was again elected to the Forty-eighth Congress. He served as the chairman of the United States House Committee on Labor during the Forty-eighth Congress, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1884. He introduced the first bill implementing federal regulations on interstate commerce in 1872. A supporter of such centralized power the oil lobby led by Standard Oil unsuccessfully fought the measure.
Muckracker Ida Tarbell cites Hopkins in many of her speeches. After his time in Congress, he engaged in the practice of law in Washington, D. C.. He died at his summer home at North Hatley, Canada, in 1904. Interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D. C. United States Congress. "James Herron Hopkins". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard
Daniel A. Reed
Daniel Alden Reed was an American football player, U. S. Representative from the state of New York. Reed was attorney for the excise department of New York from 1903 to 1909, he served in the House of Representatives as a Republican from 1919 until his death in Washington, D. C. on February 19, 1959. Reed was born in Sheridan, New York on September 15, 1875, he attended the public schools of Sheridan and Silver Creek, New York, graduated from Cornell University in 1898, where he was a member of the Delta Chi Fraternity and the Quill and Dagger society. Reed studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1900, practiced first in Silver Creek, in Dunkirk, New York. Reed was a board of directors member for the Dunkirk Trust Company, became a popular speech maker on business and civic topics, he was an attorney for the New York State Excise Department from 1903 to 1909. During World War I he was one of the commissioners sent to France by the federal government to study the ongoing food shortage in preparation for a U.
S. lecture tour on the importance of food conservation. After playing football at Cornell University, Reed coached at the University of Cincinnati, Pennsylvania State University, his alma mater. From 1899 to 1900 he coached at Cincinnati, guided the Bearcats to an 8–6–1 record, he coached at Penn State in 1903. From 1910 to 1911, he was the head coach at Cornell, his career record is 25–14–2. In 1918 Reed was elected to Congress as a Republican, he was reelected 20 times, served from March 4, 1919 until his death. During his time in the U. S. House Reed was chairman of the Committee on Industrial Expositions. Reed was a delegate to the Interparliamentary Union meeting in Rome, Italy in 1948, he served as a delegate at meetings in Sweden and France. During his years in Congress, Reed was one of the most conservative members of the New York delegation scoring zeros from Americans for Democratic Action, was one of the few isolationists remaining in the New York delegation after World War II. Reed was one of the few Republicans to oppose banning the poll tax through legislative means, although he did vote in favor of anti-lynching legislation and the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
Reed died from a major heart attack in Washington, D. C. on February 19, 1959. He was buried at Sheridan Cemetery in New York; the library at the State University of Fredonia was named for him. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Daniel Alden Reed". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Daniel Alden Reed at Find a Grave
United States Army
The United States Army is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution; as the oldest and most senior branch of the U. S. military in order of precedence, the modern U. S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, formed to fight the American Revolutionary War —before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army; the United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775. As a uniformed military service, the U. S. Army is part of the Department of the Army, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the U. S. Army is headed by a civilian senior appointed civil servant, the Secretary of the Army and by a chief military officer, the Chief of Staff of the Army, a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
It is the largest military branch, in the fiscal year 2017, the projected end strength for the Regular Army was 476,000 soldiers. S. Army was 1,018,000 soldiers; as a branch of the armed forces, the mission of the U. S. Army is "to fight and win our Nation's wars, by providing prompt, land dominance, across the full range of military operations and the spectrum of conflict, in support of combatant commanders"; the branch participates in conflicts worldwide and is the major ground-based offensive and defensive force of the United States. The United States Army serves as the land-based branch of the U. S. Armed Forces. Section 3062 of Title 10, U. S. Code defines the purpose of the army as: Preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions and any areas occupied by the United States Supporting the national policies Implementing the national objectives Overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United StatesIn 2018, the Army Strategy 2018 articulated an eight-point addendum to the Army Vision for 2028.
While the Army Mission remains constant, the Army Strategy builds upon the Army's Brigade Modernization by adding focus to Corps and Division-level echelons. Modernization, reform for high-intensity conflict, Joint multi-domain operations are added to the strategy, to be completed by 2028; the Continental Army was created on 14 June 1775 by the Second Continental Congress as a unified army for the colonies to fight Great Britain, with George Washington appointed as its commander. The army was led by men who had served in the British Army or colonial militias and who brought much of British military heritage with them; as the Revolutionary War progressed, French aid and military thinking helped shape the new army. A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who taught Prussian Army tactics and organizational skills; the army fought numerous pitched battles and in the South in 1780–1781, at times using the Fabian strategy and hit-and-run tactics, under the leadership of Major General Nathanael Greene, hit where the British were weakest to wear down their forces.
Washington led victories against the British at Trenton and Princeton, but lost a series of battles in the New York and New Jersey campaign in 1776 and the Philadelphia campaign in 1777. With a decisive victory at Yorktown and the help of the French, the Continental Army prevailed against the British. After the war, the Continental Army was given land certificates and disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies. State militias became the new nation's sole ground army, with the exception of a regiment to guard the Western Frontier and one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal. However, because of continuing conflict with Native Americans, it was soon realized that it was necessary to field a trained standing army; the Regular Army was at first small and after General St. Clair's defeat at the Battle of the Wabash, the Regular Army was reorganized as the Legion of the United States, established in 1791 and renamed the United States Army in 1796; the War of 1812, the second and last war between the United States and Great Britain, had mixed results.
The U. S. Army did not conquer Canada but it did destroy Native American resistance to expansion in the Old Northwest and it validated its independence by stopping two major British invasions in 1814 and 1815. After taking control of Lake Erie in 1813, the U. S. Army seized parts of western Upper Canada, burned York and defeated Tecumseh, which caused his Western Confederacy to collapse. Following U. S. victories in the Canadian province of Upper Canada, British troops who had dubbed the U. S. Army "Regulars, by God!", were able to capture and burn Washington, defended by militia, in 1814. The regular army, however proved they were professional and capable of defeating the British army during the invasions of Plattsburgh and Baltimore, prompting British agreement on the rejected terms of a status quo ante bellum. Two weeks after a treaty was signed, Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans and Siege of Fort St. Philip, became a national hero. U. S. troops and sailors captured HMS Cyane and Penguin in the final engagements of the war.
Per the treaty, both sides (the United S
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
James F. Burke
James Francis Burke was Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania. James Burke was born in Pennsylvania to Irish immigrants, he studied law at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor where he graduated 1892. While at Michigan he organized the American Republican College League, the predecessor to the College Republicans. Petitioning president, Republican William McKinley Burke won approval for the organization and hosted an inaugural banquet attended by McKinley along with 1,500 college students The organization spread to every college in the country. In 1888, at age 21, Burke was made secretary of the committee in charge of the dedication of the then-new Allegheny County Court House, at which President Rutherford B. Hayes made the dedicating address. After graduating from the University of Michigan, he was admitted to the Allegheny County bar the same year. Subsequently, he was admitted to the Superior and Supreme courts of Pennsylvania, to the United States Supreme Court, commenced practice in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
He was the secretary of the Republican National Committee in 1892, resigning during the same year to devote his entire time to his duties as president of the American Republican College League. Burke was elected by a wide majority, he subsequently served five consecutive terms. He was chairman of the congressional committee which inaugurated William Howard Taft as the president of the United States. During his time in congress, Burke served on a number of committees, including: Committee on Education – Chairman Military Affairs Committee Committee on Banking and CurrencyHe had a hand in a number of important pieces of legislation, including taking an active role in framing the Federal Reserve Act which created the Federal Reserve Bank, America's central bank, he was appointed a delegate to the Parliamentary Peace Conference at Brussels in 1905. He was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison to codify the navigation laws of the United States, he was officer of, or a delegate to, the Republican National Conventions from 1892 to 1924, with the exception of the year 1912.
He was not a candidate for renomination in 1914. In December, 1917, he became United States Government Director of War Savings during the First World War. Following his political career, Burke resumed the practice of law, practicing for 10 years as a criminal lawyer at the Allegheny county bar. Additionally, he was elected General Counsel of the Republican National Committee in December 1927 and served until his death, he was parliamentarian of the Republican National Convention at Kansas City, Missouri, in 1928. Burke wrote a number of treatises, including "The Powers of the President", investigating the role of the president during wartime, a history of the World Peace Conference entitled "Perplexing Problems of the World's Peace Conference". Burke belonged to a number of golf and country clubs, he was founder of the Beaumaris Yacht Club, in Beaumaris, where he had a summer house. At one point the United States Golf Association asked him to prepare a set of rules, presented to the international committee at St. Andrews in Scotland.
In 1895, Burke married Josephine Birch Scott of Detroit and had two children, James Scott Burke and Josephine Frances Burke. He died in Washington, D. C. and is buried in the Roman Catholic Calvary Cemetery, Pennsylvania. United States Congress. "James F. Burke". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Loganville, founded in 1820 and named after Colonel Henry Logan, is a borough in York County, United States. The population was 1,240 at the 2010 census. Loganville is located at 39°51′19″N 76°42′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 908 people, 361 households, 258 families residing in the borough; the population density was 914.1 people per square mile. There were 377 housing units at an average density of 379.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97.03% White, 0.33% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population. There were 361 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96. In the borough the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $37,857, the median income for a family was $47,266. Males had a median income of $35,875 versus $22,438 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $18,101. About 3.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over