Robert R. Parrish was an American film director, editor and child actor, he received an Academy Award for Film Editing for his contribution to Soul. Born in Columbus, Parrish was the son of factory cashier Gordon R. Parrish and actress Laura R. Parrish; the Parrish siblings, including Beverly and Helen, entered into acting in the 1920s when the family moved to Los Angeles. Parrish made his debut film appearance in the Our Gang short Olympic Games, he appeared in the classic Sunrise. Parrish was in This Age for Cecil B. de Mille. Ford encouraged Parrish to work behind the scenes and put him on as an editing apprentice on The Informer, he hired Parrish as assistant editor for Mary of Scotland. He worked on Ford films behind the scenes in editing and sound capacities, including Stagecoach, Young Mr Lincoln, Drums Along the Mohawk, The Grapes of Wrath, The Long Voyage Home and Tobacco Road. Both Ford and Parrish served in the United States Navy during World War II, together they produced a number of documentary and training films, including The Battle of Midway, How to Operate Behind Enemy Lines, German Industrial Manpower, December 7th: The Movie.
Parris worked as editor on George Stevens' That Justice Be Done, The Nazi Plan. When Parrish got out of the army he helped edit Soul. In 1947, Parrish shared the Academy Award, for his work on the film. Parrish went on to edit A Double Life for George Cukor, No Minor Vices for Lewis Milestone, Caught for Max Ophuls. Parrish's second Academy Award nomination, shared with Al Clark, was for the political drama directed by Rossen, All the King’s Men. In the first versions done by Al Clark, the film was poorly received by preview audiences and studio executives. Parrish discovered that a "montage approach" was much more successful, with arbitrary cuts made a set time before and after each important action. In addition to the editing nomination for Clark and Parrish, the film won the Best Picture Award outright and was a popular success, he edited No Sad Songs for Me and A Woman of Distinction, as well as the documentary Of Men and Music. Parrish made his directorial debut with the revenge drama Cry Danger.
Parrish followed it with The Mob. Parrish did some uncredited work on The Lusty Men, he directed Rough Shoot. The Purple Plain was nominated for the Award for Best British Film at the 8th British Academy Film Awards. Parrish followed it with Lucy Gallant, Fire Down Below, Saddle the Wind, The Wonderful Country, he did an episode of Johnny Staccato, "The Poet's Touch", did several episodes of The Twilight Zone, "One for the Angels", "A Stop at Willoughby" and "The Mighty Casey". Parrish returned to features with In the French Style, he followed it with Up from The Bobo with Peter Sellers. He directed some of Sellers' scenes in the James Bond parody Casino Royale, he among its five directors. Parrish directed Duffy, Doppelgänger, A Town Called Bastard and The Marseille Contract, his final film, co-directed by Bertrand Tavernier, was Mississippi Blues. He had an acting role in Blue Bayou. Summing up Parrish's career, Allen Grant Richards commented that "Other than his excellent editing work and early directing, Parrish may be most remembered as storyteller from his two books of Hollywood memoirs."
Filmmaker Kevin Brownlow wrote of Parrish's first memoir, Growing Up In Hollywood, "His stories about these pictures were marvellous in themselves, he came at them sideways, so not only the punchline but the situation took you by surprise. We all entreated him to write them down and in 1976 he did so, producing one of the most enchanting - and hilarious - books about the picture business written ought to be reprinted in this centenary year." The sequel, followed. Growing Up In Hollywood. New York: Harcourt, Jovanovich. 1976. ISBN 0-586-04859-6. OCLC 1659633. Hollywood Doesn't Live Here Anymore. Boston: Little, Brown. 1988. ISBN 0-316-69255-7. OCLC 16901046. Holmstrom, John; the Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995. Norwich: Michael Russell. P
Anne Bauchens was an American film editor, noted for her collaboration over 40 years with the director Cecil B. DeMille. Bauchens was trained as an editor by DeMille, shared her first credit with him on the film Carmen. Prior to 1918, DeMille had edited, as well as directed, his films. After Carmen and We Can't Have Everything, Bauchens no longer shared the editing credits with DeMille, she edited DeMille's films for the rest of their long careers, through the 1956 film The Ten Commandments. When the Academy Award for Best Film Editing was created in 1934, Bauchens received one of the three nominations for her editing of Cleopatra, she won the Academy Award for North West Mounted Police and became the first woman to win the Oscar in that category. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Film Editing again twice, first for The Greatest Show on Earth in 1952 and for The Ten Commandments in 1956. In total, Bauchens is credited with editing on 41 films directed by DeMille and on 20 films with other directors.
Despite her long career and her series of awards, the characterizations of Bauchens as an editor are not invariably flattering. Margaret Booth, another distinguished film editor, has been quoted as saying in 1965 that, "Anne Bauchens is the oldest editor in the business, she was editing for years. DeMille was a bad editor, I thought, made her look like a bad editor. I think Anne would have been a good editor, but she had to put up with him––which was something." Anne Bauchens on IMDb Anne Bauchens at Women Film Pioneers Project Anne Bauchens at Find a Grave
Hold Everything (film)
Hold Everything is a 1930 American Pre-Code film. It was the first musical comedy film to be released, photographed in early two-color Technicolor, it was adapted from the DeSylva-Brown-Henderson Broadway musical of the same name that had served as a vehicle for Bert Lahr and starred Winnie Lightner and Joe E. Brown as the comedy duo; the romantic subplot was played by Sally O'Neil. Only three songs from the stage show remained: "You're the Cream in My Coffee", "To Know You Is To Love You", "Don't Hold Everything". New songs were written for the film by Al Dubin and Joe Burke, including one that became a hit in 1930: "When The Little Red Roses Get The Blues For You"; the songs in the film were played by his orchestra. Brown plays Gink Schiner, a third-rate fighter, at the same training camp as Georges La Verne, a contender for the heavyweight championship. Although he needs to be concentrating all of his energies on the upcoming bout, Georges keeps getting distracted: Norine Lloyd, a society dame, has a distinct interest in him, but the interest is one-sided.
Georges prefers an old buddy and confidante. Gink has woman trouble of his own, as his flirtations do not sit at all well with Toots, his erstwhile girlfriend. More trouble arrives when Larkin, manager of current heavyweight champ Bob Morgan, appears at the camp with the goal of fixing the fight, he is sent packing, after which he attempts to slip a Mickey Finn to the challenger—a plan which goes awry when Gink switches the drinks. Meanwhile, fighting in a preliminary in advance of the big fight wins. Things don't look so bright for Georges, who gets the worst of it in his encounter with Morgan, but who comes out on top. Joe E. Brown as Gink Schiner Winnie Lightner as Toots Breen Sally O'Neil as Sue Burke Georges Carpentier as Georges La Verne Edmund Breese as Pop O'Keefe Bert Roach as Nosey Bartlett Dorothy Revier as Norine Lloyd Jack Curtis as Murph Levy Tony Stabenau as Bob Morgan Lew Harvey as Dan Larkin Abe Lyman as Orchestra Leader In 1930, this was the first film shown at the newly opened Warner Bros.
Hollywood Theatre, a luxurious New York City movie palace designed to showcase its then-revolutionary Vitaphone sound films. The theatre became a legitimate Broadway venue, the Mark Hellinger Theatre, is now the home of the Times Square Church. According to Warner Bros records the film earned $1,018,000 domestically and $315,000 foreign. Thought lost However according to the George Eastman Museum 2015 Book The Dawn of Technicolor, 1915-1935 The film survives in black and white. List of early color feature films List of early Warner Bros. talking features List of rediscovered films Hold Everything on IMDb
Ralph E. Winters
Ralph E. Winters was a Canadian-born film editor who became one of the leading figures of this field in the American industry. After beginning on a series of B movies in the early 1940s, including several in the Dr. Kildare series, his first major film was George Cukor's Victorian chiller Gaslight. Winters won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing for Ben-Hur, he received four additional nominations: Quo Vadis, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, The Great Race and Kotch. Winters' other films included On High Society, Jailhouse Rock and The Thomas Crown Affair. Winters had a notable collaboration with director Blake Edwards. Over 20 years, they collaborated on 12 films together, including The Pink Panther, The Party, 10 and Victor/Victoria, his last film was the pirate epic Cutthroat Island in 1995. Winters had been elected to membership in the American Cinema Editors, in 1991, Winters received the organization's career achievement award, his memoir, Some Cutting Remarks: Seventy Years a Film Editor, was published in 2001.
List of film director and editor collaborations Ralph E. Winters on IMDb
Hal C. Kern
Hal C. Kern was an American film editor, he won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing for his work on Gone with the Wind. He was nominated for Rebecca and Since You Went Away, he began his editing career in 1915. A fire that started in his cutting room during the editing of the Thomas H. Ince film Civilization destroyed the entire studio, forcing him to move to Culver City, he rose to prominence as a film editor there after being hired by Joseph M. Schenck to edit his films, he got a job at MGM, where he spent his editing career. His brother Robert J. Kern was a distinguished film editor. Hal C. Kern on IMDb Hal C. Kern at Find a Grave
Sergeant York (film)
Sergeant York is a 1941 American biographical film about the life of Alvin York, one of the most-decorated American soldiers of World War I. It was the highest-grossing film of the year; the film was based on the diary of Sergeant Alvin York, as edited by Tom Skeyhill, adapted by Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston, Howard E. Koch, Sam Cowan. York refused, several times, to authorize a film version of his life story, but yielded to persistent efforts in order to finance the creation of an interdenominational Bible school; the story that York insisted on Gary Cooper for the title role derives from the fact that producer Jesse L. Lasky recruited Cooper by writing a plea that he accept the role and signed York's name to the telegram. Cooper went on to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal; the film won for Best Film Editing and was nominated in nine other categories, including Best Picture, Supporting Actor, Supporting Actress. The American Film Institute ranked the film 57th in the its 100 most inspirational American movies.
It rated Alvin York 35th in its list of the top 50 heroes in American cinema. In 2008, Sergeant York was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; the film begins in the summer of 1916. Alvin York, a poor young farmer from the rural area near Pall Mall, lives a hardscrabble existence in a community whose poverty and isolation leave them with a lifestyle hardly different from people of a century earlier, he is an exceptional marksman, but a ne'er-do-well prone to drinking and fighting, which does not make things any easier for his long-suffering, widowed mother. Alvin's farm is on rocky land high in the mountains, which supports him and his siblings, he meets a sweet-natured local girl, Gracie Williams, works night and day at strenuous odd jobs to accumulate the payment for a fertile "bottomland" farm so she'll marry him. The owner, gives Alvin sixty days to raise the purchase price. On the day the last payment is due, Alvin wins the final needed amount at a target-shooting contest, but discovers Tomkins has reneged and sold the farm to Alvin's romantic rival, Zeb Andrews, keeping all of the partial payments Alvin had made.
Alvin drinks and swears revenge. That night, en route to attack Tomkins and Andrews, the rifle Alvin is holding is struck by lightning, splitting the barrel in two and knocking him off his mule. Similar to the biblical conversion of Paul, York survives the lightning strike and undergoes a religious awakening when he joins a revival meeting at the nearby church, vowing never to get drunk or angry again, he makes amends with the men who cheated him out of the land, while Gracie points out that her love is tied to him and not the bottomland. When the U. S. enters World War I and York is drafted into the army, he tries to avoid induction into the Army as a conscientious objector, but is denied since his church has no official standing. He reluctantly reports to Camp Gordon for basic training, where he is harassed because of his objector status, but his superiors discover that he is a phenomenal marksman and decide to promote him to corporal. York still wants nothing to do with killing. Major Buxton, his sympathetic commanding officer, tries to change York's mind, citing sacrifices made by others throughout the history of the United States.
He think it over. He promises York a recommendation for his exemption as a conscientious objector if York remains unconvinced. While York is fasting and pondering, the wind blows his Bible open to the verse "Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's. York reports back for duty and tells his superiors that he can serve his country, despite not having everything figured out to his satisfaction, leaving the matter in God's hands, his unit is shipped out to Europe and participates in an attack during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive on October 8, 1918. Pinned down by deadly machine gun fire, the lieutenant orders Sergeant Early to take some men and try to attack the machine gun nests from behind. York finds himself the last remaining unwounded non-commissioned officer in the detachment, is placed in command by Early. Seeing his comrades being shot down all around him, his self-doubt disappears, he works his way to a position flanking the main enemy trench and, as a sniper, fires individual rifle shots with such devastating effect that the Germans surrender.
York forces a captured officer at gunpoint to order the Germans still fighting in another section of the line to surrender. He and the handful of other survivors end up with 132 prisoners. York is awarded the Medal of Honor; when Major Buxton asks him why he did what he did, York explains that he was trying to save the lives of his men. Arriving in New York City in early 1919, York receives a key to the city, he is impressed with its indoor electricity. Congressman Cordell Hull guides him through the city and informs him that he has been offered opportunities to commercialize on his fame, all totaling around $250,000. York mentions the bottomland he wanted and Hull responds he could buy it with the money. York rejects the offers, saying that he was not proud of what he did in the war, but it had to be done, he will not profit from his fame, he tells Hull. He returns to Tennessee greeted by his family. To his surprise, the people of his home state have bought him
14th Academy Awards
The 14th Academy Awards honored film achievements in 1941 and was held in the Biltmore Bowl at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The ceremony is now considered notable, in retrospect, as the year in which Citizen Kane failed to win Best Picture, which instead was awarded to John Ford's How Green Was My Valley. Ford won his third award for Best Director, becoming the second to accomplish three wins in that category, the first to win in consecutive years. Most public attention was focused on the Best Actress race between sibling rivals Joan Fontaine in Alfred Hitchcock’s Suspicion and Olivia de Havilland for Hold Back the Dawn. Fontaine's victory was the only time; this was the first year in which documentaries were included. The first Oscar for a documentary was awarded to Churchill's Island; the Little Foxes established a new high of nine nominations without winning a single Oscar. Its mark was matched by Peyton Place in 1957, exceeded by The Turning Point and The Color Purple, both of which received 11 nominations without a win.
Citizen Kane later designated as the greatest film made in a number of polls, was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but won only one, for Best Original Screenplay. A portion of the ceremony was broadcast by CBS Radio. Nominations were announced on February 6, 1942. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, marked with a dagger symbol. Rey Scott for Kukan The British Ministry of Information for Target for Tonight Leopold Stokowski for Fantasia Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, the RCA Manufacturing Company for Fantasia Walt Disney 1941 in film