William IX, Count of Poitiers

William was the first son of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was born in Normandy on the same day that Eustace IV of Boulogne, died. William died in 2 December 1156; this was due to a seizure at Wallingford Castle, he was buried in Reading Abbey at the feet of his great-grandfather Henry I. At the time of his death, William was reigning as Count of Poitiers, as his mother had ceded the county to him. For centuries, the dukes of Aquitaine had held this as one of their minor titles, so it had passed to Eleanor from her father; some authorities say he held the title of "Archbishop of York", but this is an error. His half-brother Geoffrey, born a year before William held that office, causing the confusion. Baxter, Ron; the Royal Abbey of Reading. The Boydell Press. Huscroft, Richard. Tales From the Long Twelfth Century: The Rise and Fall of the Angevin Empire. Yale University Press. Strickland, Matthew. "On the Instruction of a Prince: The Upbringing of Henry, the Young King". In Harper-Bill, Christopher.

Henry II: New Interpretations. The Boydell Press. Warren, W. L.. Henry II. University of California Press


USA-201 known as GPS IIR-19, GPS IIRM-6 and GPS SVN-48, is an American navigation satellite which forms part of the Global Positioning System. It was the sixth of eight Block IIRM satellites to be launched, the nineteenth of twenty one Block IIR satellites overall, it was built by Lockheed Martin. USA-201 was launched at 06:10 UTC on 15 March 2008, atop a Delta II carrier rocket, flight number D332, flying in the 7925-9.5 configuration. The launch took place from Space Launch Complex 17A at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, placed USA-201 into a transfer orbit; the satellite raised itself into medium Earth orbit using a Star-37FM apogee motor. By 18 May 2008, USA-201 was in an orbit with a perigee of 20,143 kilometres, an apogee of 20,222 kilometres, a period of 717.98 minutes, 55.1 degrees of inclination to the equator. It is used to broadcast the PRN 07 signal, operates in slot 4 of plane A of the GPS constellation; the satellite has a mass of 2,032 kilograms. As of 2012 it remains in service

Decades of the New World

Decades of the New World by Peter Martyr's is a series of letters and reports of the early explorations of Central and South America, published beginning 1511 and anthologized. Being among the earliest such reports, Decades are of great value in the history of geography and discovery and describe the early contacts of Europeans and Native Americans derived from the narrative of the voyages of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and the reports from Hernán Cortés's Mexican expedition; the Decades consisted of eight reports, two of which Martyr had sent as letters describing the voyages of Columbus, to Cardinal Ascanius Sforza in 1493 and 1494. In 1501 Martyr, as requested by the Cardinal of Aragon, added eight chapters on the voyage of Columbus and the exploits of Martin Alonzo Pinzón. In 1511 he added a supplement giving an account of events from 1501 to 1511. By 1516 he had finished two other Decades: The first was devoted to the exploits of Alonso de Ojeda, Diego de Nicuesa, Vasco Núñez de Balboa.

It was first published against his consent in a Venetian-Italian summary in Venice in 1504, reprinted in 1507, published in a Latin translation in 1508. The original Latin text was published in 1511; the second gave an account of Balboa's discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Columbus' fourth voyage, the expeditions of Pedrarias Dávila. The first three appeared together at Alcalá de Henares in 1516 under the title: De orbe novo decades cum Legatione Babylonica; the Enchiridion de nuper sub D. Carolo repertis insulis was printed as the fourth Decade, describing the voyages of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, Juan de Grijalva, Hernán Cortés; the fifth Decade dealt with the conquest of Mexico and the circumnavigation of the world by Ferdinand Magellan. The sixth Decade gave an account of Dávila's discoveries on the west coast of America; the seventh Decade had collected descriptions of the customs of the natives in present-day South Carolina, including the "Testimony of Francisco de Chicora", a Native American taken captive there.

The eighth Decade told the story of the march of Cortés against Olit. In 1530 the eight Decades were published together for the first time at Alcalá. Editions of single or of all the Decades appeared at Basel, Cologne and Madrid. A German translation was published in Basle in 1582; the first three decades were translated into English by Richard Eden and published in 1555, thus beginning the genre of English discovery travel writing, which stimulated English exploration of the New World. Eden's translations were reprinted with supplementary materials in 1577 by Richard Willes under the new title, The historie of travayle into the West and east Indies. Richard Hakluyt had the remaining five decades translated into English by Michael Lok and published in London in 1612. P. Martyris ab Angleria Mediolonensi. Opera, Legatio babylonica. Petri martyris. De orbe nouo Decades impressae in contubernio Arnaldi Guillelmi, 1516. Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediolanensis. De orbe nouo Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediolanensis protonotarij cesaris senatoris decades In aedibus Michaelis Eguia, 1530.

Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediolanen. De rebus oceanicis & Orbe nouo decades tres Apud Ioannem Bebelium, 1533. Peter Martyr of Angleria; the decades of the newe worlde or weſt India conteynyng the nauigations and conqueſtes of the Spanyardes with the particular deſcription of the moſte ryche and large landes and Ilands founde in the weſt Ocean perteynyng to the inheritaunce of the kinges of Spayne, translated by Richard Eden, William Powell, 1555. Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, De orbe novo, translated from the Latin with notes and introduction by Francis Augustus MacNutt, Putnam, 1912. Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Decadas del nuevo mundo, 1944. Petrus Martyr de Anghieria, Opera: Legatio Babylonica, De Orbe novo decades octo, Opus Epistolarum, Graz: Akademische Druck- U. Verlagsanstalt, 1966 ISBN 3-201-00250-X Hartig, Otto. "Peter Martyr d'Anghiera". Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. IX. New York: Robert Appleton and Company. Retrieved 2007-09-11. Martyr D'Anghiera, Peter. De Orbe Novo, Volume 1. Francis MacNutt. Retrieved 2007-09-11.

This article incorporates text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article "Peter Martyr d'Anghiera" by Otto Hartig, a publication now in the public domain