John W. Heselton
John Walter Heselton was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from January 3,1945 until January 3,1959. Heselton represented Massachusetts first congressional district for seven consecutive terms, Heselton was born in Gardiner, Maine. He joined the United States Army for World War I, but his October,1918 enlistment came shortly before the end of the war and he graduated from Amherst College and Harvard Law School, and practiced law in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Heselton was active in Deerfield town politics, and was president of the Massachusetts Selectmens Association from 1935 to 1938 and he was the district attorney of the northwestern district of Massachusetts from 1939 to 1944. In 1944 he was elected to Congress, and served until his retirement in 1959, Heselton retired in Vero Beach and died on August 19,1962. He is buried at Oak Grove Cemetery in Gardiner, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. John W. Heselton at Find a Grave
Allen T. Treadway
Treadway represented Massachusettss first congressional district for sixteen consecutive terms. Treadway was born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts to William Denton Treadway, Treadway graduated from Amherst College in 1886. He served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1904, and he is buried in Stockbridge Cemetery, in his home town of Stockbridge. Treadway once owned the Red Lion Inn in Stockbridge, the Inn has a named for him. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Daniel Webster was an American politician who twice served in the United States House of Representatives, representing New Hampshire and Massachusetts, served as a U. S. Senator from Massachusetts and was twice the United States Secretary of State, under Presidents William Henry Harrison and John Tyler and he and James G. Blaine were the only two people to serve as Secretary of State under three presidents. Webster sought the Whig Party nomination for President three times, in 1836,1840 and 1852. As a diplomat he is best known for negotiating the Webster–Ashburton Treaty of 1842 with Great Britain, Webster was an outstanding spokesman for American nationalism with powerful oratory that made him a key Whig leader. He spoke for conservatives and led the opposition to Democrat Andrew Jackson and he was a spokesman for modernization and industry, but not for the common people who composed the base of his opponents in Jacksonian democracy. He was a thoroughgoing elitist, and he reveled in it, chiefly recognized for his Senate tenure, Webster was a key figure in the institutions Golden days.
Webster was the Northern member of the Great Triumvirate, with his colleagues Henry Clay from the West and his Reply to Hayne in 1830 has been regarded as one of the greatest speeches in the Senates history. As with his fellow Whig Henry Clay, Webster wanted to see the Union preserved and they both worked for compromises to stave off the sectionalism that threatened war between the North and the South. Websters support for the Compromise of 1850, devised in part by Clay, in 1957, a Senate committee selected Webster as one of the five greatest U. S. Senators with Clay, Robert La Follette, and Robert A. Taft, Daniel Webster was born on January 18,1782, in Salisbury, New Hampshire, the present-day city of Franklin. He was the son of Abigail and Ebenezer Webster and he and his nine siblings grew up on their parents farm, a small parcel of land granted to his father. His ancestors were among the settlers of Salisbury. Webster attended Phillips Exeter Academy, a school in Exeter. He was chosen Fourth of July orator in Hanover, the town, in 1800.
After he graduated from Dartmouth, Webster was apprenticed to the lawyer Thomas W. Thompson in Salisbury, in 1802 Webster began as the headmaster of the Fryeburg Academy, where he served for one year. When Ezekiels education could no longer be sustained, Webster returned to his apprenticeship, in 1804 he left New Hampshire and got a position in Boston under the prominent attorney Christopher Gore. Clerking for Gore – who was involved in international, national, in 1805 Webster was admitted to the bar. He returned to New Hampshire to set up a practice in Boscawen and he began to speak locally in support of Federalist causes and candidates
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the Senate, composes the legislature of the United States. The composition and powers of the House are established by Article One of the United States Constitution, since its inception in 1789, all representatives are elected popularly. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435, the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration. The presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the members thereof and is traditionally the leader of the controlling party. He or she and other leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conferences. The House meets in the wing of the United States Capitol. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a body in which each state was equally represented. All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates, the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
The House is referred to as the house, with the Senate being the upper house. Both houses approval is necessary for the passage of legislation, the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, the Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4,1789. The House began work on April 1,1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time, during the first half of the 19th century, the House was frequently in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery. The North was much more populous than the South, and therefore dominated the House of Representatives, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery, One example of a provision repeatedly supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War.
Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, the war culminated in the Souths defeat and in the abolition of slavery. Because all southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, the years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Unions victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877, the ensuing era, the Democratic and the Republican Party held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw an increase in the power of the Speaker of the House
Democratic National Convention
The Democratic National Convention is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party. They have been administered by the Democratic National Committee since the 1852 national convention, the primary goal of the Democratic National Convention is to nominate and confirm a candidate for president and vice president, adopt a comprehensive party platform and unify the party. Pledged delegates from all fifty U. S, like the Republican National Convention, the Democratic National Convention marks the formal end of the primary election period and the start of the general election season. The partys presidential nominee is chosen in a series of state caucuses. Superdelegates, delegates whose votes are not bound to the outcome of a caucus or primary. To secure the nomination for the Democratic party in 2016, a candidate must secure 2,383 delegates and this number includes both pledged delegates and superdelegates. Prior to 1936, nomination for president was required, not merely by a majority, unless there was a popular incumbent, something that only happened three times between the Civil War and World War II, getting that many votes on the first ballot was implausible.
The choice was a contentious debate that riled the passions of party leaders. Delegates were forced to vote for a nominee repeatedly until someone could capture a number of delegates needed. In 1912,1920 and most notoriously in 1924, the voting went on for dozens and dozens of ballots, backroom deals by party bosses were normal and often resulted in compromise nominees that became known as dark horse candidates. Dark horse candidates were people who never imagined they would run for president until the last moments of the convention, dark horse candidates were chosen in order to break deadlocks between more popular and powerful prospective nominees that blocked each other from gaining enough delegates to be nominated. The rules were changed to a majority in 1936. Since only one multi-ballot convention has taken place, before about 1970, the partys choice of the vice-presidential nominee was usually not known until the last evening of the convention. This was because the nominee had little to do with the process.
In order to prevent such things happening in the future, the presumptive nominee has, since 1984, announced his choice before the convention even opened. By 1824, the nominating caucus had fallen into disrepute and collapsed as a method of nominating presidential. A national convention idea had been brought up but nothing occurred until the next decade, state conventions and state legislatures emerged as the nomination apparatus until they were supplanted by the national convention method of nominating candidates. The first national convention of the Democratic Party began in Baltimore on May 21,1832, in that year the 2/3 rule was created, requiring a 2/3 vote to nominate a candidate, in order to show the partys unanimous support of Martin Van Buren for vice president
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college. In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, the phrase is variously translated as nourishing mother, nursing mother, or fostering mother, suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Before its modern usage, Alma mater was a title in Latin for various mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele. The source of its current use is the motto, Alma Mater Studiorum, of the oldest university in continuous operation in the Western world and it is related to the term alumnus, denoting a university graduate, which literally means a nursling or one who is nourished. The phrase can denote a song or hymn associated with a school, although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not frequently used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. Alma Redemptoris Mater is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary, the earliest documented English use of the term to refer to a university is in 1600, when University of Cambridge printer John Legate began using an emblem for the universitys press.
In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is often cited in 1710, many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name. The University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the Alma Mater of the Nation because of its ties to the founding of the United States. At Queens University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses, outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
Charles R. Clason
Charles Russell Clason was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts and an attorney. Clason was born in Gardiner, Maine and he attended Bates College, and received his law degree from Georgetown University. Clason went on to Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and he worked for the Interstate Commerce Commission and the United States Department of Education in 1913 and 1914. He served as a sergeant major in the Coast Artillery in the Army in World War I and he was a member of the Commission for the Relief of Belgium in 1914 and 1915 and was decorated with the Medaille du Roi Albert. Clason was a law instructor at Northeastern Universitys Springfield, Massachusetts campus from 1920 to 1937, during this time, he served as assistant district attorney of the western district of Massachusetts and district attorney. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1936, after he lost the 1948 election to Foster Furcolo, Clason became dean of the Western New England College School of Law, located in Springfield, Massachusetts.
In 1988, the Western New England College School of Law honored Clason by naming a speaker series in his honor, the Clason Speaker Series provided a venue for 4-5 legal experts each year to present works-in-progress on current legal topics through lectures. The chem-free freshman house at Bates College is named after him, biographical Directory of the United States Congress
William Appleton (politician)
William Appleton was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was a trader and banker, and served as a U. S, Representative from Massachusetts from 1851 to 1855, and again from 1861 to 1862. He was born in Brookfield, the son of a minister, the Reverend Joseph Appleton and he attended schools in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, New Hampshire, and Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. At fifteen years of age he started work at a store in Temple. Three years the owner took him into partnership, but a year after that he moved to Boston and he worked for a store that bought and sold goods from the West Indies, and went into business for himself in 1807. In 1809, he bought a ship, and made several trading voyages to Europe. After the War of 1812, he expanded his shipping business, in 1826, he retired from business, but maintained a counting-house. In 1832, he became president of the Boston branch of the Second Bank of the United States and he was at one time president of the Provident Institution for Savings.
In 1841, he established William Appleton and Company in partnership with his son James and they engaged in the California hide trade, and in commerce with China. He retired from the company in 1859 and he was noted for benevolence toward public causes, he was president of Massachusetts General Hospital, to which he donated $30,000, and made other large donations. In 1850, Appleton was elected U. S, Representative from Massachusettss 1st district as a Whig. He was re-elected in 1852, this time from Massachusettss 5th district and he was defeated for re-election in 1854, and lost again in 1856. In 1860, he was again elected Representative, as a Constitutional Unionist and he took his seat in 1861, but resigned in September, due to failing health. Appleton died five months after his resignation, on February 15,1862, in Longwood and he was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His diaries were published in 1922 entitled Selections from the diaries of William Appleton, Appleton was the first cousin of U. S.
Representative Nathan Appleton, and first cousin, once removed, of writer, William served as treasurer in cousin Nathans Appleton Mills in Lowell, MA. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, William Appleton at Find A Grave William Appleton & Company Records at Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School
Robert Charles Winthrop
Robert Charles Winthrop was an American lawyer and philanthropist and one time Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was a descendant of John Winthrop, robert Charles Winthrop was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Thomas Lindall Winthrop and wife Elizabeth Bowdoin Temple. He attended the prestigious Boston Latin School, and graduated from Harvard University in 1828, on March 12,1832, he married Elizabeth Cabot Blanchard, daughter of Francis Blanchard and wife Mary Ann Cabot, with whom he had three children. After Elizabeths death, he married his wife, Adele Granger Thayer, daughter of Francis Granger and Cornelia Rutson Van Rensselaer. After studying law with Daniel Webster he was admitted to the bar in 1831 and he served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1835 to 1840, and served as Speaker of the House of that body from 1838 to 1840. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1838, to date he is the last Speaker who was neither a Republican nor a Democrat.
He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts, winthrops views proved no more palatable to abolitionists than did Websters, and he failed to win reelection by the state legislature to either of Massachusetts Senate seats in 1851. He resigned without completing his term immediately following his election loss, that year, Winthrop actually won a popular plurality in the race for Massachusetts Governor but as the state Constitution required a majority, the election was thrown into the legislature. The same coalition of Democrats and Free Soilers defeated him again and his final venture into elected political office was as a presidential elector on the Whig ticket in 1852. Afterwards, Winthrop became an independent, unsuccessfully supporting Millard Fillmore, John Bell, with his political career over at the young age of 41, Winthrop spent the remainder of his life in literary and philanthropic pursuits. He was an early patron of the Boston Public Library and president of the Massachusetts Historical Society from 1855 to 1885.
He served as the president of the Massachusetts Bible Society for several years where he advocated that Christian morality was the condition of a free society. His most notable contributions came as permanent Chairman and President of the Peabody Education Fund Trustees and he became a noted orator, delivering the eulogy for George Peabody in 1870, and speaking at the ceremony that opened the Washington Monument in 1848. He died in Boston in 1894, and is interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, robert Jr. s daughter Margaret Tyndal Winthrop married at 10 Walnut St. on November 28,1906 James Grant Forbes. James and Margaret were the parents of Rosemary Isabel Forbes, Rosemary married Richard John Kerry on February 8,1941. Richard and Rosemary were the parents of Secretary of State, Senator and 2004 Presidential candidate John Forbes Kerry, biographical Directory of the United States Congress
James Buffington (Fall River, Massachusetts)
James Buffington was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. He was born in Fall River on March 16,1817 and he attended the common schools, and Friends College in Providence, Rhode Island. He studied medicine but never practiced, engaged in mercantile pursuits and he was a member of the Fall River Board of Selectmen from 1851 to 1854, and served as the first Mayor of Fall River under the new city government from 1854 to 1855. He was elected as a candidate of the American Party to the Thirty-fourth Congress, Buffington was chairman of the Committee on Accounts, and the Committee on Military Affairs. Buffington was mustered into the service April 24,1861, and he was not a candidate for renomination to Congress in 1862. He was an agent of the United States Treasury and was an internal revenue collector for the district of Massachusetts 1867-1869. Buffington was elected to the Forty-first and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4,1869, until his death in Fall River on March 7,1875 and his interment was in Oak Grove Cemetery in Fall River.
List of mayors of Fall River, Massachusetts United States Congress, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. James Buffington at Find a Grave
Thomson J. Skinner
Thomson Joseph Skinner was an American politician from Williamstown, Massachusetts. Thomson J. Skinner was born in Colchester, Connecticut on May 24,1752, the son of Reverend Thomas Skinner and Mary Thomson, the second wife of Thomas Skinner. Skinner was educated in Colchester, his father died when he was 10 years old, at age 21 Skinner moved to Williamstown, Massachusetts with his brother, where they went into the construction business as partners in a firm they named T. J. and B. The Skinner brothers were involved in other ventures, including a successful tavern. Thomson Skinner was a member of the militia, including service during, in the summer of 1776 he carried messages between units in Berkshire County and General Horatio Gates, commander of the Continental Armys Northern Department in upstate New York. He served as adjutant of Berkshire Countys 2nd Regiment, adjutant of the Berkshire County 3rd Regiment, Skinner remained in the militia after the war, and rose to the rank of major general.
During the Revolution he served as a member of the court-martial which acquitted Paul Reveres conduct during the unsuccessful Penobscot Expedition and he served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1781,1785,1789, and 1800. He was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate from 1786 to 1788,1790 to 1797, from 1788 to 1807 he was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Berkshire County, and he was chief judge from 1795 to 1807. In 1788 he was a delegate to the convention that ratified the United States Constitution. From 1791 to 1792 he served as Berkshire County Sheriff, in 1792 Skinner, recognized as a Federalist, was a presidential elector, and supported the reelection of George Washington and John Adams. Skinner was a trustee of Williams College, served on the board of trustees from 1793 to 1809. Skinner represented Massachusettss 1st congressional district in the U. S. House for part of one term and all of another, January 1797 to March 1799. He was again elected to the U. S.
House in 1802, this time from the renumbered 12th District, and served from March 1803 until resigning in August 1804. Skinner, by now identified with the Jeffersonian or Democratic-Republican Party, lost to John Quincy Adams, from 1804 to 1807 Skinner served as U. S. From 1806 to 1807 he was Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts, Skinner died in Boston on January 20,1809. After Skinners death, an 1809 audit revealed that his accounts as state treasurer were in arrears for $60,000, while his estate was valued at only $20,000. Several of the individuals who had posted surety bonds to guarantee his performance as treasurer paid portions of the remaining $40,000 obligation in order to satisfy Skinners debt, in 1773 Skinner married Ann Foote. Their children included Thomson Joseph, Thomas, Eliza and his wife had known each other as children because Skinners mother had married Ann Footes father following the deaths of Skinners father and Footes mother
Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician. Appleton was born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, the son of Isaac Appleton, Appletons father was a church deacon, and Nathan was brought up in the strictest form of Calvinistic Congregationalism. He was educated in the New Ipswich Academy, the Waltham mill employed the first power loom ever used in the United States. This proving successful, he and others purchased the water-power at Pawtucket Falls, the settlement that grew around these factories developed into the city of Lowell, of which in 1821 Mr. Appleton was one of the three founders. The effect has been to more than double the wages of that description of labor from what they were before the introduction of this manufacture, Appleton was a member of the general court of Massachusetts in 1816,1821,1822,1824 and 1827. In 1831-1833 and 1842 he served in the United States House of Representatives and he was a member of the Academy of Science and Arts, and of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
He published speeches and essays on currency and the tariff, of which his Remarks on Currency and Banking is the most celebrated, as well as his memoirs on the power loom and Lowell. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1842, Appleton married Maria Theresa Gold on April 13,1806. Two months later, he hired the artist Gilbert Stuart to paint portraits of the newlyweds, the Appletons attended Federal Street Church. Maria Theresa Appleton died of tuberculosis in 1833, Nathan Appleton remarried on January 8,1839, to Harriot Coffin Sumner, the daughter of Jesse Sumner, a Boston merchant, and Harriot Coffin of Portland, Maine. His daughter Fanny married Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1843, as a wedding gift, Appleton purchased the house in which Longfellow had been renting rooms, now known as the Longfellow House–Washingtons Headquarters National Historic Site. He paid $10,000 for the home, Nathan Appleton purchased the land across the street, as Longfellows mother wrote, so that their view of the River Charles may not be intercepted.
Appleton was the cousin of William Appleton, Fanny Appleton died on July 10,1861, after accidentally catching fire, her father was too sick to attend her funeral. Appleton died the day, in Boston, on July 14,1861. Nathan Appleton Residence, Beacon Street, Boston Wilson, James Grant, John, memoir of Nathan Appleton, Boston Hale, Susan and Letters of Thomas Gold Appleton, New York Nathan Appleton Dictionary of Unitarian & Universalist Biography United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress