Robert Liddell (Pittsburgh)
Robert Liddell was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1878 to 1881. Robert Liddell was born in 1837 in England, he pursued the craft of beer making. During his administration, the Bureau of Water placed the Brilliant Pumping Facility into service. In 1878, Holy Ghost Fathers started a college on the Bluff. City streets were electrified in 1879 and Alexander Graham Bell's telephone went into limited use in Pittsburgh; the city expanded west and south, annexing Mount Washington and Birmingham. When Mayor Liddell left office, he was employed as a liquor dealer. Liddell died in 1893. List of mayors of Pittsburgh Robert Liddell at Political Graveyard
Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Wakefield
Queen Elizabeth Grammar School is an independent, public school for boys in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. The school was founded by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I in 1591 at the request of leading citizens in Wakefield 75 in total and some of whom formed the first governing body; the school is part of a foundation, with both QEGS Senior and Junior schools joined together, along with the nearby Wakefield Girls' High School and its Junior School, Mulberry House, a nursery and pre-prep department. As of September 2010, the current headmaster of the school is David Craig, taking over Les Hallwood, who stood in as acting Headmaster during the time between the leave of the previous headmaster, Michael Gibbons, the beginning of the next academic year. QEGS is a member of the Headmistresses' Conference; some notable former pupils include the 17th century English physician, John Radcliffe, Joseph Moxon and hydrographer to King Charles II, Richard Henry Lee, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, US Senator and President of the Continental Congress, Sir Francis Molyneux, 7th Baronet, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, Mike Harrison, former captain England national rugby union team, Mike Tindall, England Rugby Union player, member of the World Cup winning team in 2003, John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury and the Rt Revd and Rt Hon the Lord Hope of Thornes, former Archbishop of York.
Queen Elizabeth Grammar School dates back to 19 November 1591 when a charter was granted to fourteen men to act as Governors of the new school. The Charter read: Five of the fourteen men designated to be governors bore the name Saville. Generations of the Saville family have played important roles in the school’s history and hence the reason why the Old Boys’ Association is called the Old Savilians’ Club; the school arms came into existence soon after the school was founded and features a lion, an owl and a bible. The golden lion on a red field refers to the royal foundation; the school motto – Turpe Nescire – means “It is a disgrace to be ignorant”. Around 1900, H. G. Abel the senior classics master, composed'Floreas, Wakefieldia' and Matthew Peacock and honorary choirmaster at the cathedral, set the words to music, it was seen as fitting that the song should be written in Latin, thereby evoking echoes of traditional scholasticism. The song is still sung today – at Founders' Day, Speech Day and at all Old Savilian Club dinners.
For a link to the "Floreas, Wakefieldia" score, click here. In 1854 QEGS moved to its present site in Northgate, into premises designed by the architect Richard Lane and occupied by the West Riding Proprietary School; the attached Junior school for boys aged 7 to 11 was founded in 1910. A new building was opened in 2005 by Ted Wragg, the famous educationalist, who taught at the school in the early 1960s; the new building provides a new 6th form centre, English department, state-of-the-art theatre and Learning Resources Centre for the pupils of QEGS. The school is noted for its sporting ability, having achieved frequent success in a number of sports. Over 83% of the school's boys represent QEGS in one sporting event or another; the most popular sport is rugby union, followed by hockey, cricket and basketball. Hockey in particular has experienced substantial growth in the school throughout the last decade, is now close to matching rugby union's dominance internally. In 2006, 2013, 2014 and 2015 the under-15s Rugby side reached the Daily Mail Cup final, winning the 2015 competition in a tight 15-6 win over three time final rivals Warwick.
In 2009 every age group won the hockey'Yorkshire Cup' for the first time in the school's history with the under 16s going on to reach the national semi-finals, only to lose to Whitgift School. As well as plenty of sporting opportunities, the school gives pupils the opportunity to participate in the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme. David Storey's Booker Prize winning novel Saville includes an account of the experiences of a working class boy at a Yorkshire grammar school in the 1940s. Storey, like the protagonist of Saville a miner's son, is an old boy of QEGS; the school is mentioned in the novel Nineteen Seventy-Four by David Peace. T. D. Barnes, Professor of Classics in the University of Toronto 1976–2007 Stuart Jones, British historian, Professor of Intellectual History at the University of Manchester Professor Sir Hans Leo Kornberg, British biochemist and master of Christ's College, Cambridge David May, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Bristol, former lead architect of the transputer and Chief Technology Officer and founder of XMOS.
Joseph Moxon and Hydrographer to King Charles II*. Charles Ross, Professor of Medieval History, Bristol University, author Alan M. Taylor, Professor of Economics and Finance, University of California, Davis John Wolfenden, Baron Wolfenden, Vice Chancellor of the University of Reading, chair of the Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution, which in 1957 published the Wolfenden Report that recommended the decriminalisation of homosexuality. Hector Munro Chadwick, English philologist and historian, fellow of Clare College and professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge John Hopkins, Cambridge University academic Roger Clifford Carrington, English classical scholar and teacher Art Thomas Hartley Cromek, English artist Literature Richard Bentley, classical scholar and critic David Storey
John M. Snowden
John Maugridge Snowden, served as Mayor of Pittsburgh City from 1825 to 1828. Snowden was born in Pennsylvania to a revolutionary war family of patriots, his father, John Snowden, was a hero of the war, being imprisoned by the British forces and dying in their custody. His mother, Elizabeth Moor, was a major advisor to General Washington during his Pennsylvania campaigns. In 1811 Snowden began a book business in Pittsburgh, he bought and edited his own newspaper, the Pittsburgh Mercury. Like his predecessor as Mayor, John Darragh, he used his appointment as President of the Bank of Pittsburgh to launch his mayoral candidacy. Snowden served terms as Allegheny County Recorder and Treasurer before being elected mayor of Pittsburgh in 1825, he served until 1828. Pittsburgh 12 March 1829 His ExcellencyGen A. Jackson Prest. U. S. Dr Sir To the many requests to which your attention is at this time drawn, may I be permitted respectfully to add mine? I have this day written to the Hon. M Van Buren applying for the appointment to publish the laws of the United States, &c in the Pittsburgh Mercury of which I am the editor and proprietor.
Presuming on your knowledge of my character and standing here and on your friendly feelings may I be permitted respectfully to solicit your aid in this particular. I presume it is known to your excellency that the Mercury was, both in 1824 and 1828, devoted to those principles which have so signally triumphed in the late contest, it is the second oldest paper in this place and has a respectable patronage and circulation. Calculated with firmness, but at the same time maintaining that decorous course, calculated to merit and secure the public confidence, it is believed that it was not an unimportant auxiliary in that contest, but neither my scrupulous regard as an editor for private character - the correctness of my course - nor my acknowledged good reputation - has secured me from many sacrifices in the just support of my political principles and opinions. Wherever political opponents could assail me, they have done it. From their own avowals, the first effort displayed itself by a combination to oust me from the mayoralty of this city - not because I was considered to be incompetent to or unfaithful in the discharge of the duties of that office, but because the fact that an opponent of the existing administration had been removed from the head of the city authorities, would give éclat abroad and subserve their political interests.
This step has been followed up by attempts to break down my establishment or diminish its patronage - attempts which have to a considerate extent affected my pecuniary interests, subjected me to an inconvenience, sensibly felt at my advanced period of life, with a numerous family dependent on my labour and exertions for maintenance. I make these statements not by way of complaint, but to show that the Pittsburgh Mercury was not, is not regarded as an inefficient partisan in the struggle for principles. If other recommendations be wanting for the obtainment of that appointment, I shall with great pleasure afford to your excellency any testimonials which may be asked of the purity of my life and character. I write with the freedom of a friend, I hope that my candour will not be construed into a want of respect. Had I less confidence in your willingness to give my application a favorable reception, or in the benevolence of your disposition, I should scarcely have ventured to write this letter, or if I had written, would have written more reservedly.
At the time of your visit to this place, I had the honour of introducing to your notice my son Wm Snowden. He accompanied you to Washington, he has been bred to the law. He is a young man of steady habits. Several of his and my friends have advised him to apply for a clerkship in one of the public offices in that of the secretary of state, his course of education we think best qualifies him for such a clerkship. I have understood that Mr Stevenson, many of the Pennsylvania delegation, together with Col McKinley of Alabama, other of your distinguished personal friends in and out of our congress, with whom he is acquainted, will join in his recommendation. If from the partial acquaintance you have had of him, the recommendations he may obtain, your excellency could be induced to interest yourself in his behalf, it would not only afford great gratification to me, but might be the happy means of bringing a promising young man into the public usefulness. I have the honour to be your excellencys most obt sevrt.
John M. Snowden This is a transcript of a letter from the National Archives, Record Group 59. IN pursuance to/ public notice, the citizens of Pittsburgh, convened in town meeting, at the court house, on Saturday evening, the 22nd inst. John M. Snowden, Esq. Mayor of the City, was called to the chair, William Eichbaum, jr. and Robert Burke, were chosen secretaries. The object of the meeting having been stated by the chairman, Judge Wilkins rose, after some appropriate and eloquent remarks, submitted the following preamble and resolutions, which were adopted: When men and honored for their virtues and services are removed from the scene of life, full of years, bearing with them the benedictions of millions whom they have blessed- when he who brought to light the principles of our revolutionary struggle, he who stood foremost
George Wilson (mayor)
George Wilson was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1860 to 1862. Wilson was born in Baltimore. Moved to Pittsburgh in 1818, his Father Robert Wilson and Mother Ester Armstrong Wilson immigrated to the U. S. in 1814 from Ireland. Robert worked as a millwright and died in 1818, he was cared for by his sister Mrs. Margaret Marshall, he worked in the Tobacco factory of William Diller where he acquired a thorough knowledge of his own. He saved his money and went into business for himself with James Fullerton in 1838 "Wilson & Fullerton" on Liberty Street, he bought out his partner. He conducted it with much success for many years. Wilson was much sought after in business enterprise becoming a director in the Peoples Savings Bank, Duquesne National Bank and Citizens Insurance Company; as soon as he became of age he took an interest in civics. Wilson was elected to City Council in 1844 and served as the Director of the Public School and served for a long time, he took a strong stand in favor of the establishment of the High School.
Despite opposition from many leading citizens. His election to Mayor was a tribute to his good citizenship, he served in the State Legislature 1867, 68 and 69. In his final year in the state legislature he was the chairman of the means committee, he served as the third President of the Humane Society 1895 -1902. He was one of the incorporators of the Boy's Industrial Home of Western Pennsylvania. In addition, he was an attorney. Mr. Wilson came into office in a presidential election year; the business of the city was at a standstill. But the citizens more than made up for this inactivity in their fervor in the campaign for Abrahan Lincoln; as Mayor, Wilson introduced President-elect Abraham Lincoln from the balcony of the Monongahela House on a rain-soaked day in February 1861. The tenseness of the political campaign was eased for a moment when an 18-year-old Englishman traveling as "Baron Renfrew" Prince of Wales Edward VII of England arrived in Pittsburgh, in route to the White House. Mayor Wilson delivered an address of welcome upon his arrival.
He was an elder and member and at First Presbyterian Church for a long time, a founding elder and Sunday School Superintendent at Bellefield Presbyterian Church. He elder at Third Presbyterian Church. Was appointed to the Committee of Public Safety during the Pittsburgh Rail Road Riots in 1877. Married his first wife Miss Mary Frances Howe and there were six children in this union. Three died in infancy. Marie McEnulty, Bella Jane Wilson, Mary Frances. Mary Frances Howe died in 1839 after her death in 1854 he married his second wife Miss Emily Wilson in 1855-1879, they had 3 children together. He died in his home on February 5, 1902, of pneumonia. List of mayors of Pittsburgh Political Graveyard
Ebenezer Denny was a soldier during the American Revolutionary War whose journal is one of the most quoted accounts of the surrender of the British at the siege of Yorktown. Denny served as the first Mayor of Pittsburgh, from 1816 to 1817. Denny was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on March 11, 1761, the eldest son of William and Agnes Parker Denny. At the age of 13 he was entrusted to carry dispatches across the Allegheny Mountains by the commandant at Fort Pitt, he crossed alone often. At one point he was chased into Fort Loudon by the Indians, he entered into employment for his father's shop in Carlisle. Upon learning that a letter of the marque, a privateer ship, was to sail from Philadelphia for the West Indies, he shipped as a volunteer, he was promoted to command the quarterdeck for his gallantry in numerous sea fights. As he was readying to sail on his second voyage he received a commission as ensign in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of the Continental Army in 1778. In August 1780, he was transferred to the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment, on May 23, 1781, he was promoted to lieutenant in the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment.
This transpired during 1781 as the Continental Army marched south to face Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia, at which time the end of the long war for independence drew close. Near Williamsburg, the regiment had a successful encounter against British forces, the partisan Simcoe. Denny in his famous military journal states, "Here for the first time saw wounded men; as the Continental Army closed around the British stronghold at Yorktown, Lt. Denny described the scene, "Army encamped on the banks of the James River, his journal entry dated September 14, 1781, continues into further detail of the encampment: General Washington Arrived. Officers all pay their respects, he stands in the door, takes every man by the hand. This is the first time. October 15, 1781, the siege at Yorktown begins: Siege operations were at once commenced. Easy digging. Light, sandy soil. A shell from one of French mortars set fire to a British frigate. October 17, 1781, The Surrender of Cornwallis: Had the pleasure of seeing a drummer mount the enemy's parapet and beat a parley and an officer, holding up a white handkerchief, made his appearance.
An officer from our line ran and met him and tied the handkerchief over his eyes, thus was the great event of the surrender of Cornwallis accomplished. Denny rejoined the army as an officer of the First American Regiment in August 1784, was active in the Northwest Indian War, he participated in the 1790 Harmar Campaign and served as aide-de-camp to Major-General Arthur St. Clair at St. Clair's Defeat. Denny kept a journal, considered an important primary document of the two campaigns. Following the battle, Lt. Denny wrote that the native nations were "an enemy brought up from infancy to war, superior to an equal number of the best men that could be taken against them." He travelled to Philadelphia to deliver the official report of the loss to Secretary of War Henry Knox. Denny compiled a dictionary of Delaware and Shawnee words. Following a 1794 mission to Fort Le Boeuf, Major Denny resigned his commission and settled near Pittsburgh. Unlike in other states, communities in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania could not attain city status until after spending a number of years as a borough with a government run by burgesses, a form of city council.
Because of this, Denny instead started his political career in county government serving Pittsburgh. In 1797, Denny was elected Allegheny County Commissioner, he sought higher office and ran as Treasurer for the entire county in 1803 and 1808. Being a Revolutionary War hero, major patriot force for the frontier front of the War of 1812, Denny ran to become the first mayor of the city of Pittsburgh on 19 July 1816, his term in office saw much progress in the infrastructure of the young city, improving roads and wharves. Citing failing health he retired from public life and the mayor's office on January 14, 1817, he died 21 July 1822, is interred at Allegheny Cemetery in the Lawrenceville neighborhood of Pittsburgh. Ebenezer Denny had children, his son, Harmar Denny, went on to establish a political career of his own: a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from 1824 to 1829, as well as being elected to the Twenty-first Congress through the Twenty-fourth Congress serving from 15 December 1829, to 3 March 1837.
His second great-grandson, Harmar D. Denny Jr. served in the 82nd Congress in the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 29th congressional district. One of the first resolutions of the Pittsburgh City Council was that of honoring the patriotic and public service of Ebenezer Denny on learning of his early retirement due to health concerns in 1817. Denny Street, in the city's Lawrenceville neighborhood, was named in his honor. Denny, Ebenezer. Military Journal of Major Ebenezer Denny, an Officer in the Revolutionary and Indian Wars. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Retrieved 11 December 2011. Winkler, John F.. Wabash 1791: St. Clair's Defeat. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84908-676-1. Ebenezer Denny at Find a Grave
William J. Diehl
William J. Diehl, served as Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1899 to 1901. Diehl was worked as a bookkeeper in his early career, he entered the public service as a Deputy Sheriff for four years followed by work in the city treasury office in the 1870s. His main fortune was in the oil and gas industries around the region and was President of the Wheeling Natural Gas Company in the 1880s. Diehl was a thirty-third degree Mason. During his two years as mayor, Diehl oversaw a city growing to its full commercial and industrial potential; the ritzy and exclusive business forum Duquesne Club was founded in the city, as well as the amalgamation of Andrew Carnegie's vast industrial empire into U. S. Steel was completed. Mayor Diehl's administration completed the rudimentary expressway Bigelow Boulevard to the east neighborhoods of the city. Mayor Diehl is buried in Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh. William J. Diehl at Find a Grave
History of Pittsburgh
The history of Pittsburgh began with centuries of Native American civilization in the modern Pittsburgh region, known as "Dionde:gâ'" in the Seneca language.' French and British explorers encountered the strategic confluence where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers meet to form the Ohio, which leads to the Mississippi River. The area became a battleground when Britain fought for control in the 1750s; when the British were victorious, the French ceded control of territories east of the Mississippi. Following American independence in 1783, the village around Fort Pitt continued to grow; the region saw the short-lived Whiskey Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against federal taxes on whiskey. The War of 1812 cut off the supply of British goods. By 1815, Pittsburgh was producing large quantities of iron, brass and glass products. By the 1840s, Pittsburgh had grown to one of the largest cities west of the Allegheny Mountains. Production of steel began in 1875. During the 1877 railway riots it was the site of the most violence and damage in any city affected by the nationwide strikes of that summer.
Workers protested against cuts in wages, burning down buildings at the railyards, including 100 train engines and more than 1,000 cars. Forty men were killed, most of them strikers. By 1911, Pittsburgh was producing half the nation's steel. Pittsburgh was a Republican party stronghold until 1932; the soaring unemployment of the Great Depression, the New Deal relief programs and the rise of powerful labor unions in the 1930s turned the city into a liberal stronghold of the New Deal Coalition under powerful Democratic mayors. In World War II, it was the center of the "Arsenal of Democracy", producing munitions for the Allied war effort as prosperity returned. Following World War II, Pittsburgh launched a clean air and civic revitalization project known as the "Renaissance." The industrial base continued to expand through the 1960s, but after 1970 foreign competition led to the collapse of the steel industry, with massive layoffs and mill closures. Top corporate headquarters moved out in the 1980s.
In 2007 the city lost its status as a major transportation hub. The population of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area is holding steady at 2.4 million. For thousands of years, Native Americans inhabited the region where the Allegheny and the Monongahela join to form the Ohio. Paleo-Indians conducted a hunter-gatherer lifestyle in the region as early as 19,000 years ago. Meadowcroft Rockshelter, an archaeological site west of Pittsburgh, provides evidence that these first Americans lived in the region from that date. During the Adena culture that followed, Mound Builders erected a large Indian Mound at the future site of McKees Rocks, about three miles from the head of the Ohio; the Indian Mound, a burial site, was augmented in years by members of the Hopewell culture. By 1700 the Iroquois Confederacy, the Five Nations-based south of the Great Lakes in present-day New York, held dominion over the upper Ohio valley, reserving it for hunting grounds. Other tribes included the Lenape, displaced from eastern Pennsylvania by European settlement, the Shawnee, who had migrated up from the south.
With the arrival of European explorers, these tribes and others had been devastated by European infectious diseases, such as smallpox, measles and malaria, to which they had no immunity. In 1748, when Conrad Weiser visited Logstown, 18 miles downriver from Pittsburgh, he counted 789 warriors gathered: the Iroquois included 163 Seneca, 74 Mohawk, 35 Onondaga, 20 Cayuga, 15 Oneida. Other tribes were 165 Lenape, 162 Shawnee, 100 Wyandot, 40 Tisagechroami, 15 Mohican. Shannopin's Town, a Seneca tribe village on the east bank of the Allegheny, was the home village of Queen Aliquippa, it was deserted after 1749. Sawcunk, on the mouth of the Beaver River, was a Lenape settlement and the principal residence of Shingas, a chief of theirs. Chartier's Town was a Shawnee town established in 1734 by Peter Chartier. Kittanning was a Shawnee village on the Allegheny, with an estimated 300 -- 400 residents; the first Europeans arrived in the 1710s as traders. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a manuscript in 1717, that year European traders established posts and settlements in the area.
Europeans first began to settle in the region in 1748, when the first Ohio Company, an English land speculation company, won a grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio Valley. From a post at present-day Cumberland, the company began to construct an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River employing a Delaware Indian chief named Nemacolin and a party of settlers headed by Capt. Michael Cresap to begin widening the track into a road, it followed the same route as an ancient Amerindian trail, now known as Nemacolin's Trail. The river crossing and flats at Redstone creek, was the earliest point and shortest distance for the descent of a wagon road. In the war, the site fortified as Fort Burd was one of several possible destinations. Another alternative was the divergent route that became Braddock's Road a few years through present-day New Stanton. In the event, the colonists did not succeed in improving the Amerindian path to a wagon road much beyond the Cumberland Narrows pass before they were confronted by hostile Native Americans.
The colonists mounted a series of expeditions in order to accomplish piecemeal improvements to the track. The French had built nearby Logstown as a trade and council center for the Native Americans to increase their influence in the Ohio Valley. Between June