Samuel Pettigrew served as Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1832 to 1836, his administration was marked by the industrialization of the city. Pittsburgh celebrated its newfound might by christening the first steam locomotive in the mid-west aptly named "The Pittsburgh". Mayor Pettigrew contended with one of the city's first major disasters when a flood crested at 38.2 feet in February 1832. He was both the last Pittsburgh mayor appointed by City Council and the first Pittsburgh mayor to win a general election outright by all the city's citizens. Pettigrew married Martha Barclay in 1814, she died in 1823, he married Charlotte Clayland in 1824. He died in 1841. List of mayors of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2018, a population of 308,144 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U. S; the metropolitan population of 2,362,453, is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania, the 26th-largest in the U. S. Pittsburgh is located in the south west of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Ohio rivers. Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges; the city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Whiskey Rebels, Civil War raiders. Aside from steel, Pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, shipbuilding, foods, transportation, computing and electronics.
For part of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was behind only New York and Chicago in corporate headquarters employment. S. stockholders per capita. America's 1980s deindustrialization laid off area blue-collar workers and thousands of downtown white-collar workers when the longtime Pittsburgh-based world headquarters moved out; this heritage left the area with renowned museums, medical centers, research centers, a diverse cultural district. Today, Apple Inc. Bosch, Uber, Autodesk, Microsoft and IBM are among 1,600 technology firms generating $20.7 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls. The area has served as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, energy research and the nuclear navy; the area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh. The nation's eighth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, six of the top 300 U. S. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while RAND, BNY Mellon, FedEx, Bayer and NIOSH have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.
S. job growth. In 2015, Pittsburgh was listed among the "eleven most livable cities in the world"; the region is a hub for Environmental Design and energy extraction. In 2019, Pittsburgh was deemed “Food City of the Year” by the San Francisco-based restaurant and hospitality consulting firm af&co. Many restaurants were mentioned favorable, among them were Superior Motors in Braddock, Driftwood Oven in Lawrenceville, Spork in Bloomfield, Fish nor Fowl in Garfield and Bitter Ends Garden & Luncheonette in Bloomfield. Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by General John Forbes, in honor of British statesman William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham; as Forbes was a Scot, he pronounced the name PITS-bər-ə. Pittsburgh was incorporated as a borough on April 22, 1794, with the following Act: "Be it enacted by the Pennsylvania State Senate and Pennsylvania House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania... by the authority of the same, that the said town of Pittsburgh shall be... erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever."
From 1891 to 1911, the city's name was federally recognized as "Pittsburg", though use of the final h was retained during this period by the city government and other local organizations. After a public campaign, the federal decision to drop the h was reversed; the area of the Ohio headwaters was long inhabited by the Shawnee and several other settled groups of Native Americans. The first known European to enter the region was the French explorer/trader Robert de La Salle from Quebec during his 1669 expedition down the Ohio River. European pioneers Dutch, followed in the early 18th century. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a 1717 manuscript, that year European fur traders established area posts and settlements. In 1749, French soldiers from Quebec launched an expedition to the forks to unite Canada with French Louisiana via the rivers. During 1753–54, the British hastily built Fort Prince George before a larger French force drove them off; the French built Fort Duquesne based on LaSalle's 1669 claims.
The French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War, began with the future Pittsburgh as its center. British General Edward Braddock was dispatched with Major George Washington as his aide to take Fort Duquesne; the British and colonial force were defeated at Braddock's Field. General John Forbes took the forks in 1758. Forbes began construction on Fort Pitt, named after William Pitt the Elder while the settlement was named "Pittsborough". During Pontiac's Rebellion, native tribes conducted a siege of Fort Pitt for two months until Colonel Henry Bouquet relieved it after the Battle of Bushy Run. Fort Pitt is notable as the site of an early use of smallpox for biological warfare. Lord Jeffery Amherst ordered blankets contaminated from smallpox victims to be distributed in 1763 to the tribes surrounding the fort; the disease spread into other areas, infected other tribes, killed hundreds of thousands. During this period, the powerful nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, based in New York, had maintained control of much of the Ohio Valley as hunting grounds by right of conquest after defeating other tribes.
By the terms of the 1768 Treaty of
Matthew B. Lowrie
Mathew B. Lowrie, served as the Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1830 to 1831. Lowrie was born in Edinburgh, from where he emigrated with his parents the U. S. state of to Pennsylvania. As a young man he started a thriving grocery business. Lowrie was active in religion, serving many years as a Sunday school teacher at the First Presbyterian Church, his brother, Walter Lowrie, served in the United States Senate, his son, Walter H. Lowrie, went on to become Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Mathew Lowrie is credited with "modernizing" the fire department; the city bought its first steam powered fire engine and named it the "citizen". Lowrie was instrumental in managing the city's rapid growth by adopting the "ward" system of governance for the first time in western Pennsylvania. Lowrie died in 1850 after a bout with cholera, he is buried in Allegheny Cemetery and the site is marked by an obelisk
Bernard J. McKenna
Bernard J. McKenna was the Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1893 to 1896. McKenna was served in the American Civil War. After returning home to Pittsburgh he worked in the iron industry becoming a labor union official. McKenna was active in the volunteer and professional Pittsburgh fire department. In 1875, he was elected to the city council. From his home at 6325 Marchand Street he launched a successful bid to become Mayor in 1893, his administration oversaw the completion of the Highland Park Zoo, the Carnegie Library's main branch was completed during his time in office. McKenna died in 1903 and is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery in the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Lawrenceville
Allegheny Cemetery is one of the largest and oldest burial grounds in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. It is a nonsectarian, wooded hillside park located at 4734 Butler Street in the Lawrenceville neighborhood and bounded by the Bloomfield and Stanton Heights areas, it is sited on the north-facing slope of hills above the Allegheny River. In 1973 the cemetery's Butler Street Gatehouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and in 1980 the entire cemetery was listed on the National Register. Incorporated in 1844, the Allegheny Cemetery is the sixth oldest rural cemetery in America and has expanded over the years to now encompass 300 acres. Allegheny Cemetery memorializes more than 124,000 people; some of the oldest graves are of soldiers who fought in the French and Indian War, which were moved here from their original burial site at Pittsburgh's Trinity Cathedral downtown. Many notables from the city of Pittsburgh are buried here; the cemetery was amongst those profiled in the PBS documentary A Cemetery Special.
In 1834 three members of the Third Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, Dr. J. Ramsey Speer, Stephen Colwell and John Chislett, Sr. tried to establish a rural cemetery near Pittsburgh. Dr. Speer visited several famous rural cemeteries, Mount Auburn Cemetery on Boston, Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, Green-Wood Cemetery in New York. In 1842 the 100 acre farm of Colonel Bayard was selected for the site. An Act of Incorporation passed the Pennsylvania Legislature and was signed by Gov. David R. Porter on April 24, 1844."Mt. Barney" was selected as the site of a memorial to naval heroes in 1848 and Commodore Joshua Barney and Lt. James L. Parker were reinterred there. Another memorial was erected on Memorial Day, 1937 to the memory of over 7,000 servicemen buried in the cemetery. Marcus E. Baldwin, Major League Baseball Player Joseph Baker, mayor of Pittsburgh Joshua Barney, Commodore in the United States Navy and American Revolutionary War veteran Richard Biddle, US Congressman Lem Billings and campaigner for John F. Kennedy James Blackmore, Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1872-1875 and 1868-1869.
Francis B. Brewer, US Congressman Don Brockett, motion picture and television actor, "Chef Brockett" on the PBS series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood James W. Brown, US Congressman Eben Byers, wealthy American industrialist and socialite noted for his gruesome death caused by consumption of the radioactive patent medicine Radithor. John Caldwell, Jr. George Westinghouse partner and member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club Louis Semple Clarke, automotive pioneer, founder of the Autocar Company and member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club James Wallace Conant, manager of the Schenley Park Casino and Duquesne Gardens and founder of the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League. Beano Cook, college football commentator John Dalzell, US Congressman Cornelius Darragh, US Congressman Ebenezer Denny, first mayor of Pittsburgh, American Revolutionary War veteran Harmar Denny, U. S. Congressman Harmar D. Denny, Jr. US Congressman William J. Diehl, Pittsburgh Mayor Harry Allison Estep, US Congressman John Baptiste Ford, founder of PPG Industries and Ford City, Pennsylvania Walter Forward, United States Secretary of the Treasury Stephen Foster, songwriter Josh Gibson, baseball great of the Negro Leagues Gus Greenlee, Major League Baseball Team Owner Moses Hampton, US Congressman General Alexander Hays William B.
Hays, Pittsburgh mayor Joseph Horne, founder of Pittsburgh department store Horne's the chain of stores closed in 1994 Thomas Marshall Howe, US Congressman Alfred E. Hunt, co-founder of the company that became Alcoa Thomas Irwin, US Congressman William Wallace Irwin, US Congressman, Pittsburgh Mayor William Freame Johnston, Governor of Pennsylvania Samuel Kier, pioneer oil refiner Andrew W. Loomis, US Congressman F. T. F. Lovejoy, associate of Andrew Carnegie William McClelland, US Congressman Charles McClure, US Congressman James McCord, millionaire owner of the oldest hattery west of the Allegheny Mountains and member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club Henry Sellers McKee, millionaire glass manufacturer, founder of Jeannette and member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club Robert McKnight, US Congressman William McNair, Pittsburgh mayor Thomas Mellon, founder of Mellon Bank Alexander Pollock Moore, publisher of the Pittsburgh Leader and ambassador, married to actress Lillian Russell James Kennedy Moorhead, US Congressman Philip H. Morgan, jurist, diplomat General James S. Negley, Civil War general and U.
S. Congressman John Neville, American Revolutionary War veteran and tax collector during the Whiskey Rebellion George Tener Oliver, publisher of the Pittsburgh Gazette Times and Chronicle Telegraph, US Senator Alfred L. Pearson, United States Army officer Henry Kirke Porter, US Congressman James Hay Reed, founding partner, Knox & Reed, member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club John Buchanan Robinson, US Congressman William Robinson, Jr. politician and militia general Calbraith Perry Rodgers, aviation pioneer James Ross, US Sen
William C. McCarthy
William C. McCarthy was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1866 to 1868 and from 1875 to 1878. McCarthy was born in 1820, he was known as "Roaring Bill". His reputation as a volunteer fireman was legendary. McCarthy was a newspaper editor with the Pittsburgh Dispatch; the Industrial Revolution was gearing up and Pittsburgh was annexing neighboring townships and boroughs. In 1868, Bloomfield became part of the city. During his first administration, the police department ceased orally assuring the citizenry "that all is well," and inclined planes began to ascend Mount Washington; the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 occurred during his second term as mayor. Striking railroad workers clashed in a fierce battle with Philadelphia Militiamen at the 28th Street Roundhouse. Rail traffic was brought to a halt, the terminal was burned. McCarthy was elected City Controller in 1878, he died January 27, 1900. List of mayors of Pittsburgh
Henry I. Gourley
Henry I. Gourley was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1890 to 1893. Henry Irvin Gourley was born in Pennsylvania in 1838 to a peasant family; because of his families inability to support themselves he was sent early in life to a farm in Pine Township, Pennsylvania in Allegheny County, where he displayed a great work ethic and became a school teacher. In 1876 he was elected to the City Council. Mayor Gourley took office in 1890 and his reputation for hard and honest work served him well in city hall, his term was noted for the trust. After he left office he served as city controller before his death in 1899, he is buried in Homewood Cemetery