Washington Boulevard (Los Angeles)
Washington Boulevard is an east-west arterial road in Los Angeles County, California spanning a total of. Its western terminus is the Pacific Ocean just west of Pacific Avenue and straddling the border of the Venice Beach and Marina Peninsula neighborhoods of Los Angeles; the Boulevard extends eastbound to the city of Whittier, at Whittier Boulevard. It is south of Venice Boulevard for most of its length. At Wade Street, Washington Place is formed adjacent and parallel and lasts until just east of Sepulveda Boulevard, where it merges back into Washington Boulevard. Washington merges into Culver Boulevard but forms back into its own street at Canfield Avenue. Washington Boulevard, four lanes passes through locations in the mid southern portion of Los Angeles County; the communities to the west include affluent areas such as Ladera Heights. Further east it passes between Crestview and Culver City and through Mid City, Arlington Heights, Pico Union, City of Commerce, Pico Rivera, Los Nietos and Whittier.
Washington Boulevard is the dividing line between Venice and the Los Angeles neighborhood of Marina Peninsula which sits south of the Boulevard from the Pacific Ocean to Via Marina drive. East of Via Marina is the unincorporated area of Marina del Rey. In 1905, when the road was known as Washington Street, it boasted the headquarters of the local horse driving club, for a mile west of Western Avenue. "The road is not of the best," reported the Los Angeles Times, "and automobiles are usurping it... but it is the nearest approach to a speedway the reinsmen have, they therefore make the most of it." Mayor Owen McAleer "has set aside that stretch of the highway to those drivers who delight in vying with each other off the racetrack, policemen have been given to understand that some latitude is to be allowed horsemen there." Washington Boulevard provides bus service between Venice Beach and West LA Transit Center by Culver City Transit line 1, between West LA Transit Center and Downtown by Metro Local line 35, east of Downtown by Montebello Transit line 50.
A portion of the Metro Blue line runs along Washington Boulevard, from Flower Street to Long Beach Avenue, while the Metro Expo Line serves a rail station near the intersection with National Boulevard. The entire route is in Los Angeles County. There are no postmiles because the street is maintained by not Caltrans. Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery LA Trade Tech College is located at Grand Avenue near the Blue Line station of the same name; the RPM International building is located on the corner of Westmorland Blvd. and Washington Blvd., dedicated as the "Ray Charles Square". The Ray Charles Post Office at La Brea Avenue. Government center named after Jr.. City Council member, 1973–87 West Adams Preparatory High School is located on Vermont Avenue and Washington Blvd
Los Angeles City Hall
Los Angeles City Hall, completed in 1928, is the center of the government of the city of Los Angeles and houses the mayor's office and the meeting chambers and offices of the Los Angeles City Council. It is located in the Civic Center district of downtown Los Angeles in the city block bounded by Main, Temple and Spring streets; the building was designed by John Parkinson, John C. Austin, Albert C. Martin, Sr. and was completed in 1928. Dedication ceremonies were held on April 26, 1928, it has 32 floors and, at 454 feet high, is the tallest base-isolated structure in the world, having undergone a seismic retrofit from 1998 to 2001 so that the building will sustain minimal damage and remain functional after a magnitude 8.2 earthquake. The concrete in its tower was made with sand from each of California's 58 counties and water from its 21 historical missions. City Hall's distinctive tower was based on the shape of the Mausoleum of Mausolus, shows the influence of the Los Angeles Public Library, completed shortly before the structure was begun.
An image of City Hall has been on Los Angeles Police Department badges since 1940. To keep the City's architecture harmonious, prior to the late 1950s the Charter of the City of Los Angeles did not permit any portion of any building other than a purely decorative tower to be more than 150 ft. Therefore, from its completion in 1928 until 1964, the City Hall was the tallest building in Los Angeles, shared the skyline with only a few structures having decorative towers, including the Richfield Tower and the Eastern Columbia Building. City Hall has an observation deck, free to the public and open Monday through Friday during business hours; the peak of the pyramid at the top of the building is an airplane beacon named in honor of Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh, cf Lindbergh Beacon. Circa 1939, there was an art gallery, in Room 351 on the third floor, that exhibited paintings by California artists; the building was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1976. In 1998 the building was closed during a total $135 million refurbishment which included upgrading it so it could withstand a magnitude 8.2 earthquake including permitting it to sway in a quake.
Prior to the completion of the current structure, the L. A. City Council utilized various other buildings: 1850s: used rented hotel and other buildings for City meetings 1860s: rented adobe house on Spring Street—across from current City Hall 1860s–1884: relocated to Los Angeles County Court House 1884–1888: moved to building at South Spring Street and West 2nd Street 1888–1928: moved to new Romanesque Revival building on 226-238 South Broadway between 2nd Street and 3rd Street; the Mayor of Los Angeles has an office in room 300 of this building and every Tuesday and Friday at 10:00am, the Los Angeles City Council meets in its chamber. City Hall and the adjacent federal and county buildings are served by the Civic Center station on the LA Metro Red Line and Purple Line; the Silver Line stops in front of the building. An observation level is open to the public on the 27th floor; the interior of this floor, comprises a single large and vaulted room distinguished by the iconic tall square columns that are far more familiar as one of the building's most distinguishing exterior features.
The Mayor Tom Bradley Room, as this large interior space is named, is used for ceremonies and other special occasions. The Los Angeles Dodgers wore a commemorative uniform patch during the 2018 season celebrating 60 years in the city depicting a logo of Los Angeles City Hall; the building has been featured in the following popular movies and television shows: Adventures of Superman: The building appears as the Daily Planet building beginning in the second season of the 1950s TV series. At the time the TV program was broadcast, the show's Daily Planet building was confused with the designed Pennsylvania Power & Light Building in Allentown built in 1928. Additionally, the exact design of this building is used as the Newstime magazine headquarters in the Superman comic books. Alias: A CIA black ops unit is located behind a maintenance door at Civic Station. Dragnet: The building appears as itself in the TV series; the first episode of Dragnet Season 1, Episode 1: "The Human Bomb", original air date 16 December 1951, was filmed at Los Angeles City Hall.
It was embossed on Sgt. Joe Friday's famous badge number 714, displayed under the credits. Perry Mason: The City Hall building appears in the view from Perry's office window; this has led viewers of the show to speculate where the fictional office would have been located in downtown Los Angeles. L. A. Confidential: The police in the 1997 neo-noir film operate out of the City hall, as well as the police badges featuring a depiction the building itself. At the time the film takes place no building in Los Angeles was allowed to be taller than City Hall, so the cameras were placed at certain points so that any building taller than City Hall would not be seen. Tower of Terror: In this 1997 made-for-TV movie, the main character's love interest works at a fictional newspaper, The Los Angeles Banner; the newspaper's logo is based on the top of the city hall. Adam-12: During the seventh season opening credits montage, City Hall is shown directly at the end, as the building that officers Reed and Malloy drive away from.
It is shown on the embossed badges numbered 744 and 2430. The 2003 Dragnet series used the L. A. City Hall building aerial shot and badge throughout its introduction. War of the Worlds: The Ci
Los Angeles City Council
The Los Angeles City Council is the governing body of the City of Los Angeles. The council is composed of fifteen members elected from single-member districts for four-year terms; the president of the council and the president pro tempore are chosen by the council at the first regular meeting of the term. An assistant president pro tempore is appointed by the President; as of 2015, council members receive an annual salary of $184,610 per year, among the highest city council salary in the nation. Regular council meetings are held in the City Hall on Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 am except on holidays or if decided by special resolution. A current annual schedule of all Council meetings, broken down by committee, is available as a.pdf download from the Office of the City Clerk. Officers: President of the Council: Herb Wesson President Pro Tempore: Nury Martinez Assistant President Pro Tempore: Joe Buscaino Los Angeles was governed by a seven-member Common Council under general state law from 1850 to 1889, when a city charter was put into effect.
Under the first charter of the city, granted by the Legislature in 1889, the city was divided into nine wards, with a councilman elected from each one by plurality vote. The first election under that system was held on February 21, 1889, the last on December 4, 1906. Two-year terms for the City Council began and ended in December, except for the first term, which started in February 1889 and ended in December 1890; the term of office was lengthened to three years effective with the municipal election of December 4, 1906, the last year this ward system was in use. Between 1909 and 1925, the council was composed of nine members elected at large in a first-past-the-post voting system. Council membership in those years was as follows: City population in 1910: 319,200 Election: December 7, 1909 / Term: December 10, 1909, to December 13, 1911 Election: December 5, 1911 / Term: December 13, 1911, to July 1, 1913 Election: June 3, 1913 / Term: July 1913 to July 1915 Election: June 1, 1915 / Term: July 1915 to July 1917 Election: June 5, 1917 / Term: July 1917 to July 1919 City population in 1920: 576,700 Election: June 3, 1919 / Term: July 7, 1919, to July 5, 1921 Election: June 7, 1921 / Term: July 1921 to July 1923 Election: June 5, 1923 / Term: July 1923 to July 1925 Regular terms begin on July 1 of odd-numbered years until 2017 and on the second Monday in December of even-numbered years starting with 2020.
Los Angeles Common Council List of Los Angeles municipal election returns Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials: 1850—1938, Compiled under Direction of Municipal Reference Library City Hall, Los Angeles March 1938 Official website Map of Los Angeles City Council districts
Andrew Boyle Workman was a Los Angeles politician and businessman. He served as President of the Los Angeles City Council and, was acting Mayor on occasion, he was the first city councilman to represent District 4, under the new charter of 1925. He was a candidate for mayor in 1929. Boyle Workman was born in Los Angeles, the son of William H. Workman and Maria Elizabeth Boyle, he attended St. Vincent's College, which stood at Seventh Street and Broadway. From his home in Boyle Heights, he rode horseback to school. In 1884, he entered Santa Clara College for a time, but returned to St. Vincent's College and graduated in 1887. After leaving school, Boyle worked as a clerk for his father, Mayor of Los Angeles from December 14, 1886 to December 10, 1888; when his father left office, Boyle worked as a clerk in the Farmers & Merchants Bank, was local manager for the Home Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1891, he worked as a draftsman in the Los Angeles City Engineer's office. From 1900 to 1907, Workman was Assistant City Treasurer.
He was a member of the Public Service Commission from 1913 until 1917. Two years on July 7, 1919, he was elected to the City Council and was chosen president of that body. In 1925, he became the councilman elected to represent the newly formed District 4, which included Pico Heights and the Wilshire ward, where he lived. Workman served as City Council President, Councilman of District 4, until 1927, he was a member of the Finance Committee of the City Council. In 1929, he made a run for the Mayoral seat, he was actively involved in business, including ownership of the Monarch Brick Company, the fire insurance firm of Garland and Workman, the vice-presidency of the American Savings Bank. Workman and Martha Frances Widney were married on November 1895, in Los Angeles. Frances was the daughter of Judge Robert M. Mary Barnes; the Workmans had Eleanor Workman and Audree Workman. After he retired from official public life, Workman devoted much of his time to collecting data on the history of Los Angeles, a work that culminated in his book Boyle Workman's The City That Grew, a semi-autobiographical narrative, published in 1936.
Boyle Workman died at age 74 of a brain hemorrhage in Los Angeles. He is interred in Evergreen Cemetery. Boyle-Workman family List of Los Angeles municipal election returns Los Angeles City Council presidents
Harvard Heights, Los Angeles
Harvard Heights is a densely populated, mixed-income neighborhood of 20,000+ people in Central Los Angeles, California. Within in it lies a municipally designated historic overlay zone designed to protect its architecturally significant single-family residences, including the only remaining Greene and Greene house in Los Angeles; the neighborhood has one private and two public schools. It is the site of a private library dedicated to the memory of singer Ray Charles. In 1997, historian Leonard Pitt and writer/editor/indexer Dale Pitt described Harvard Heights as a neighborhood between Western and Normandie Avenues and Olympic and Washington Boulevards, it was part of the West Adams district, a middle-class area annexed by the city of Los Angeles early in the century. Two-story Craftsman-style Victorian homes still abound there. Since 2000, the City of Los Angeles Planning Department and Office of Historic Resources has defined the Harvard Heights historic neighborhood as encompassing 34 blocks comprised predominantly of single-family residences, some multiple-family residences, as well as commercial properties.
The designated historic zone lies between Olympic Boulevard on the north, Washington Boulevard to the south, Normandie Avenue on the east and Western Avenue on the west. The Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times defines Harvard Heights as a broader area, flanked by Koreatown to the north, Pico-Union to the east, Adams-Normandie and Jefferson Park to the south and Arlington Heights to the west. The street boundaries are given as north: Olyimpic Boulevard. Harvard Heights has been noted as a once grand neighborhood, in danger of falling apart.... The overall population was old and African American as whites migrated to the suburbs, the freeway bisected the neighborhood, most of the homes had been converted into apartments.... Neighborhood's long-anticipated renaissance took place in the late'90s; as Los Angeles commutes got longer and longer, white-collar professionals began moving back into the city. Harvard Heights has been called a "preservationist's dream come true," a neighborhood characterized by the Craftsman houses built on the heights southwest of downtown between 1902 and 1910.
Today, Harvard Heights boasts the only remaining Greene and Greene house in Los Angeles, "as well as homes built by the Heinemann brothers and Eager, architect Frank M. Tyler."According to a 2005 Los Angeles Times headline, Harvard Heights was "a stately turn-of-the-century neighborhood, undergoing a restoration boom after decades of hard times. Xquisite woodwork, high ceilings, formal dining rooms, cozy inglenooks and stained-glass windows are some of the features that attract residents to spacious two-story homes" found in the area."In 2005 it was said that "Although prices are rising Harvard Heights remains an affordable choice for people interested in large historic homes. Two-story homes here are a relative bargain when the square footage and features are compared with priced structures in other neighborhoods." Exquisite woodwork, high ceilings, formal dining rooms, cozy inglenooks and stained-glass windows are some of the features that attract residents to these spacious two-story homes.
For those who work downtown, the area's proximity to the city and the Santa Monica Freeway make it an easy commute. The architecture of the neighborhood has made the area a favorite for film and television location scouts. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, the 2000 U. S. census counted 18,587 residents in the 0.79-square-mile neighborhood—an average of 23,473 people per square mile, one of the highest densities in Los Angeles. In 2008 the city estimated that the population had increased to 20,194; the median age for residents was 30, about the same as the city norm. Harvard Heights was considered moderately diverse ethnically; the breakdown was Latinos, 66.3%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 57.8% of the residents who were born abroad, a figure, considered high compared to the city as a whole. The median household income in 2008 dollars was $31,173, a low figure for Los Angeles, a high percentage of households earned $20,000 or less.
The average household size of 3.2 people was high for the city of Los Angeles. Renters occupied 84.3% of the housing units, house- or apartment owners the rest. The percentages of never-married men and women, 50% and 48,2% were among the county's highest; the 2000 census found 939 families headed by single parents, a high rate for both the city and he county. There were 3.8 %, a low figure for Los Angeles. These were the ten neighborhoods or cities in Los Angeles County with the highest population densities, according to the 2000 census, with the population per square mile: Just 10.3% of Harvard Heights residents aged 25 and older had a four-year degree in 2000, a low rate for both the city and the county. The percentage of residents with less than a high school diploma was high for the county. Schools operating within the Harvard Heights borders are: Los Angeles Elementary School, LAUSD, 1211 South Hobart Boulevard Bishop Conaty-Our Lady of Loretto High School, private, 2900 West Pico Boulevard The Jane B.
Eisner School, charter, 2755 W. 15th St. A middle school campus serving grades 6 through 8. In September 2010, the original site of singer Ray Charles's recording studio and office on Washington Blvd, was rededicated as the Ray Charles Memorial Lib
A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest. The most common conventions are based upon industry and fandom. Trade conventions focus on a particular industry or industry segment, feature keynote speakers, vendor displays, other information and activities of interest to the event organizers and attendees. Professional conventions focus on issues of concern along with advancements related to the profession; such conventions are organized by societies or communities dedicated to promotion of the topic of interest. Fan conventions feature displays and sales based on pop culture and guest celebrities. Science fiction conventions traditionally partake of the nature of both professional conventions and fan conventions, with the balance varying from one to another. Conventions exist for various hobbies, such as gaming or model railroads. Conventions are planned and coordinated in exacting detail, by professional meeting and convention planners, either by staff of the convention's hosting company or by outside specialists.
Most large cities will have a convention center dedicated to hosting such events. The term MICE—meetings Incentives Conventions and Exhibitions—is used in Asia as a description of the industry; the Convention is one of the most dynamic elements in the M. I. C. E. Segment; the industry is regulated under the tourism sector. In the technical sense, a convention is a meeting of representatives; the 1947 Newfoundland National Convention is a classic example of a state-sponsored political convention. More organizations made up of smaller units, chapters, or lodges, such as labor unions, honorary societies, fraternities and sororities, meet as a whole in convention by sending delegates of the units to deliberate on the organization's common issues; this applies to a political convention, though in modern times the common issues are limited to selecting a party candidate or party chairman. In this technical sense, a congress, when it consists of representatives, is a convention; the British House of Commons is a convention, as are most other houses of a modern representative legislature.
The National Convention or just "Convention" in France comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from September 20, 1792 to October 26, 1795. The governing bodies of religious groups may be called conventions, such as the General Convention of the Episcopal Church USA and the Southern Baptist Convention. Many sovereign states have provisions for conventions besides their permanent legislature; the Constitution of the United States of America has a provision for the calling of a constitutional convention, whereby delegates of the states are summoned to a special meeting to amend or draft the constitution. This process has never occurred, save for the original drafting of the constitution, although it happened in several cases; the US Constitution has provisions for constitutional amendments to be approved by state conventions of the people. This occurred to ratify the original constitution and to adopt the twenty-first amendment, which ended prohibition. Con is a common abbreviation for convention, some conventions use it in their names.
When two or more conventions are held at the same place and time they are co-located. Co-located conventions are in related industries. Academic conference Annual general meeting Business travel Caucus Convention center Delegate Event planning Forum Summit Symposium Seminar Workshop Event Convention Congress
Western Avenue (Los Angeles)
Western Avenue is a major four-lane street in the city of Los Angeles and through the center portion of Los Angeles County, California. It is one of the longest north–south streets in Los Angeles city and county, apart from Sepulveda Boulevard, it is about 29 miles long. The avenue is known for prostitution between Melrose Avenue and 2nd Street. Western Avenue passes through a large diversity of residential neighborhoods in Los Angeles County. From the south, where it transitions into Paseo Del Mar near White Point and the Pacific Ocean, it begins in San Pedro passes though Rancho Palos Verdes, Harbor City and South Los Angeles, it is the easternmost border of Torrance. Around the Pico Boulevard, Olympic Boulevard, Wilshire Boulevard intersections, Western Avenue passes through Koreatown. Further north, Western Avenue passes through the East Hollywood district. Around the Santa Monica Boulevard, Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood Boulevard intersections, it passes through the East Hollywood neighborhoods of Little Armenia and Thai Town.
The northern terminus of Western is north of Franklin Avenue in the Los Feliz district, at the base of the Hollywood Hills. The road curves east becoming Los Feliz Boulevard, a major east/west thoroughfare through Los Feliz to the Golden State Freeway and from there into the city of Glendale. Another Western Avenue begins north of Griffith Park and is located in the San Fernando Valley area of Glendale, its southwest terminus is nearly due north of where Los Angeles' Western Avenue transitions into Los Feliz Boulevard. California State Route 213 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to 25th Street, in San Pedro. California State Route 258 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to the Hollywood Freeway US 101; the street derives its name from its history as the western–most border of Los Angeles city limits in the 19th century, before annexations in the early 20th century expanded the city westward and onwards. In 1923, Alejandro Borquez opened the Sonora Cafe on Western.
The cafe, which in 1927 changed its name to El Cholo Spanish Cafe, is credited with the invention of the burrito. Western Avenue is served by three metro Los Angeles Metro Rail stations: Hollywood Boulevard on the Red Line Wilshire Boulevard on the Purple Line Exposition Boulevard on the Expo Line Metro Local lines 205 and 207, in addition to Metro Rapid line 757 and Gardena Transit line 2 operate on Western Avenue. Metro local lines 207 and 757 run between Imperial Highway. Gardena Line 2: between Imperial Highway and Pacific Coast Highway Metro line 205 between Pacific Coast Highway and 1st Street in San Pedro. YouTube: Western Avenue Los Angeles