Richard Hanson (Australian politician)
Sir Richard Davies Hanson, was the fourth Premier of South Australia, from 30 September 1857 until 8 May 1860, was a Chief Judge from 20 November 1861 until 4 March 1876 on the Supreme Court of South Australia, the highest ranking court in the Australian State of South Australia. Hanson was born in London, the second son of Benjamin Hanson, a fruit merchant and importer, was educated at a private school in Melbourn, Cambridgeshire. Admitted a solicitor in 1828, he practised in London, becoming a disciple of Edward Gibbon Wakefield in connection with his colonization schemes. Hanson joined The Globe as a political critic early in 1837. In 1838 he went with Lord Durham to Canada as assistant commissioner of inquiry into crown lands and immigration. Hanson worked with Dominick Daly in Canada. In 1840, on the death of Lord Durham, Hanson settled in New Zealand, he there acted in 1846 moved to South Australia. On his arrival in the colony of South Australia in 1846, Hanson set up a legal practice, he served as Advocate-General and Attorney-General for the colony before election to the seat of City of Adelaide in 1857.
In 1851 Hanson was appointed advocate-general of the colony as a temporary replacement for the ailing William Smillie, made permanent when Smillie died. He took an active share in the passing of many important measures, such as the first Education Act, the District Councils Act of 1852, the Act of 1856 which granted constitutional government to the colony. In 1856 he was attorney-general in the first ministry under Boyle Travers Finniss. Among the acts passed were the first patents act, an insolvency act, a partial consolidation of the criminal law, the Torrens real property act, though he was at first opposed to this measure, he passed an act legalizing marriage with a deceased wife's sister, the first of its kind in the Empire, but the royal assent was refused on this occasion. After leaving parliament, Hanson replaced Sir Charles Cooper as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia in 1861, he was knighted in 1869 by Queen Victoria when he visited England, was acting Governor of South Australia for 1872–73.
In his spare time Hanson gave much time to theological studies. His publications include Law in Nature and Other Papers, The Jesus of History, Letters to and from Rome, The Apostle Paul, the Preaching of Christianity in the Primitive Church, he was elected the first Chancellor of the University of Adelaide. He died in Australia on 4 March 1876. Freemasonry was an integral part of Hanson's personal life, he was elected as a member and initiated into the Craft on 27 November 1834 in London when The Lodge of Friendship, a Lodge founded to become South Australia's first Lodge, held its first meeting. He was to rise in position within the Lodge, which still exists to the present day, served as its Master, his summer residence, near Piccadilly, South Australia, is today owned by the South Australian Scout Association, used for Scout leader training and private functions and accommodation. Richard's brother William Hanson was an architect and engineer who played a decisive role in the early history of South Australia's railways and waterworks.
Hanson married the widow Ann "Annie" Scanlon, née Hopgood at his home, Sturt Street, Adelaide, on 29 March 1851. Their eldest daughter Sarah Elizabeth "Lisa" Hanson married barrister Eustace Beardoe Grundy QC at St Johns Church, Adelaide, on 6 July 1876.. The following places in South Australia were named after him: Hanson Street in Adelaide named in 1837 and, subsumed by the expanded Pulteney Street in 1967; the cadastral unit of the Hundred of Hanson created in 1860. The cadastral unit of the County of Hanson created in 1877; the town of Hanson, named in 1940 The seat of Hanson in the South Australian House of Assembly, created in 1970 and renamed to Ashford in 2002. Judiciary of Australia Boase, George Clement. "Hanson, Richard Davies". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co.'Hanson, Sir Richard Davies', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, MUP, 1972, pp 336–340. Retrieved 20 January 2009 Serle, Percival. "Hanson, Richard". Dictionary of Australian Biography.
Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2009-01-20; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Hanson, Sir Richard Davies". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12. Cambridge University Press. P. 931. South Australian Parliament - Hanson
Sir Thomas Elder, was a Scottish-Australian pastoralist successful businessman, politician, race-horse owner and breeder, public figure. Amongst many other things, he is notable for introducing camels to Australia. Elder was born at Kirkcaldy, the fourth son of George Elder and his wife Joanna Haddow, née Lang. Thomas' second eldest brother, Alexander Lang Elder, went to South Australia in 1839 and founded the firm of Elder and Company in Adelaide, he was joined by his brothers George. In 1846 George and Alex went into partnership with experienced pastoralist W. S. Peter to establish a sheep run. In August 1851 Alex was elected a member of the Legislative Council for West Adelaide, he resigned his seat in March 1853, left South Australia. He settled in London in 1855, acted as agent for the Adelaide company until 1884, when he and his sons established A. L. Elder & Company. William left Adelaide soon after Alexander. George left in 1855. Thomas Elder worked with George for a year. After George departed, Thomas formed Elder, Stirling & Co, a partnership with Edward Stirling, Robert Barr Smith and John Taylor.
In 1856 Barr Smith married Thomas Elder's sister Joanna, on Stirling and Taylor's retirement in 1863, Barr Smith and Thomas Elder formed Elder Smith and Co. In 1875, with Andrew Tennant, they formed the Adelaide Steamship Company. In 1864 he persuaded Arthur Hardy to sell him his Glen Osmond home "Birksgate", which he developed considerably. In 1897 it passed to his nephew T. E. Barr Smith. Elder had other important interests. In partnership with Robert Barr Smith, they acquired Nilpena Station in 1859, he became associated with Peter Waite in the Paratoo run in 1862, in the same year bought Beltana station, became the owner of an enormous tract of country. Other properties Thomas acquired during this time included Ketchowla Station, Anabama, Grampus and Netley, he was said to have held at one time a pastoral area greater in extent than the whole of Scotland. Much of this was land with a low rainfall, Elder spent a great deal of money sinking artesian wells, making dams and fencing. In January 1866 he imported 120 camels from India with "Afghan" attendants, which were of much use in the dry areas and in conveying supplies from Port Augusta.
In 1868 he chartered Henry Simpson's Kohinoor to return the "Afghans" and bring out another 60 camels and a fresh contingent of attendants. They became an important factor in the development of the northern area of South Australia. Elder was fortunate in his mining ventures. Early in the sixties he had large interests in the Moonta and Wallaroo copper-mines which brought him in a huge fortune, he entered political life as a member of the South Australian Legislative Council in 1863 but retired in 1869. He was again elected in 1871, but took no further part in politics. Elder made the breeding of blood stock a hobby, he had the highest reputation. It was well known, he continued his stud. Elder had interests in the wine industry and was quite successful in exhibitions in Adelaide and London, he was a founder of the Tintara Vineyard company in 1862. Elder encouraged exploration, contributed to Warburton's 1873 expedition and Giles's in 1875, supplying camels in each case, which proved to be of the greatest value.
He contributed liberally to the cost of other explorations, in no case sought or obtained any return for himself. On one occasion he offered £5,000 on condition that a like sum was subscribed by the public to finance an expedition to the Southern Ocean, but the condition was not fulfilled, he supported every kind of manly sport and his benefactions both private and public were widespread and without limit. The Art Gallery of South Australia received a bequest of £25,000, many of the finest pictures of the gallery were purchased from this fund, he contributed to the Library's acquisition program. He himself published a small booklet in 1893: Notes from a Pocket Journal of a Trip up the River Murray in 1856, recounting a voyage in the steamer Gundagai. In 1874 he gave £20,000 towards an endowment fund for the newly established University of Adelaide, on his death in 1897 bequeathed a further £65,000 to the University, £20,000 of, for a School of Music; the Elder Conservatorium of Music perpetuates his name.
Elder's combined gifts and bequests to the University amount to nearly £100,000. One of Elder's bequests established and funded the first professorships at the fledgeling University; the first incumbent, Sir Horace Lamb, an applied mathematician, lectured in pure and applied mathematics as well as giving instruction in practical physics. After Lamb's resignation in 1885 to take up a post at Owens College, separate Chairs in Mathematics and Physics were established; the Elder Chair of Mathematics at the University of Adelaide has been held by many eminent mathematicians, including Nobel Prize winner Sir William Henry Bragg. 1. Sir Horace Lamb M. A. Sc. D. 1875-1885 2. Sir William Henry Bragg M. A. OM KBE PRS 1886-1908 3. Sir Robert William Chapman M. A. B. E. CMG Kt 1909-1919 4. John Raymond Wilton B. Sc. M. A. D. Sc. 1920-1944 5. Harold William Sanders B. A. M. A. 1944-1958 6. Eric Stephen Barnes B. A. Hons. M. A. Ph. D. 1959-1974 7
Nairne, South Australia
Nairne is a small township in South Australia, founded by Matthew Smillie in 1839 and named for his wife's family. Nairne is about 7 kilometres from Mount Barker, South Australia, in the federal Division of Mayo and in the state electoral district of Kavel. At the 2011 census, Nairne had a population of 4,198. Nairne began as a town on Princes Highway, which used to be the main traffic route from Sydney to Adelaide before the South Eastern Freeway superseded this section of highway in 1969. In 2003, the main street was transformed for a section of the movie The Honourable Wally Norman, filmed using various areas of the Adelaide Hills, including Mount Barker and Lobethal. Nairne has several shops on the main street, a school, two churches, it is about 7 kilometres from about 5 kilometres from Littlehampton. Nairne Weather Station
Charles George Everard
Dr Charles George Everard MD was a physician, pioneer farmer and Member of the Legislative Council, in the early days of South Australia. Charles was born in Marshfield Gloucestershire on 29 August 1794. He, his wife Catherine, children William, Charles John and James George of Gloucestershire, arrived in Adelaide from London on the ship Africaine under Captain John Finlay Duff on 9 November 1836, were present at the Proclamation of the new Colony. Before leaving England he had purchased Sections 43 and 44 in the Hundred of Adelaide and eight Town Acres, he built his first house on one of these, on the corner of Hindley and Morphett Streets, along with a row of shops. He turned his attention to Section 43 on the Bay Road. Around 1838 he acquired Section 52 from Walter Thompson. By 1841 he and son William had cropped several acres of wheat and some barley, built two cottages. In 1838 he built a house at what is now 87 Anzac Highway, called Ashford House and was used for Ashford Special School renamed to Errington Special Education Centre, until the end of 2013.
Everard was one of the first eighteen appointed in 1839 to South Australia's newly created unicameral Legislative Council, was appointed J. P. and was elected to the first elected Legislative Council in 1857. Everard Park, South Australia was once part of his extensive land holdings: two acres on Wakefield Street, for many years used as a pitch for visiting circuses, was in 1894 purchased by A. Simpson & Son for a factory; the Electoral district of Ashford's name derives from the name given by Everard sometime before 1845 to his property'Ashford', thought to have the best orchard in the colony. The name was given to a suburb within the electorate: Ashford, South Australia Ashford Ashford House Keswick – The early residential years – from beginnings to World War I
Thomas Playford II
Thomas Playford was an Australian politician who served two terms as Premier of South Australia. He subsequently entered federal politics, serving as a Senator for South Australia from 1901 to 1906 and as Minister for Defence from 1905 to 1907. Born in Bethnal Green, London in 1837, Playford moved to Adelaide in 1844 with his parents the Rev. Thomas Playford and his wife Mary Anne Playford, née Perry, two brothers and a sister, he worked as a farmer prior to entering politics. Elected to the Parliament of South Australia at the 1868 election as the Member for Onkaparinga, he gained the sobriquet "Honest Tom" for his forthright and straightforward manner, although these same qualities would earn him the occasional disapproval of fellow politicians and the electorate, caused his defeat at the 1871 election. Playford returned to Parliament at the 1875 election as member for East Torrens and held the position of Reforming Commissioner for Crown Lands and Immigration before losing his seat yet again at the 1887 election.
A month however, he won the seat of Newcastle. By mid-1887 he became Premier and Treasurer, positions he would hold for two years until a vote of no confidence passed. During his premiership, his most important achievement was considered to be the implementation of the first systematic tariff system for South Australia, he regained East Torrens at the 1890 election and a few months he formed his second government, again becoming Premier and Treasurer, would again last for two years. He received kudos for reducing the colony's debt, although he spent much of this second term in India. Charles Kingston brought together the various'liberal' groups and was able to defeat the conservative John Downer government at the 1893 election with Labor support; the Kingston government would last for a then-record six years. Kingston had appointed Playford as Treasurer in his government, however in 1894 Playford moved to London to act as Agent-General for South Australia before returning to South Australia in 1898 to serve in Kingston's government from the 1899 election as member for Gumeracha, until he crossed the floor in that year over a potential erosion of the power of the Legislative Council, bringing down the Kingston government in the process.
He found the time to involve himself in the planning of the Federation of the Australian Commonwealth and drafting the Australian Constitution. As part of this, he proposed the title "Commonwealth of Australia"; as a moderate Protectionist, but with the endorsement of the conservative Australasian National League, Playford became a Senator at the inaugural 1901 federal election. Two years in Alfred Deakin's government, Playford served for seven months as Leader of the Government in the Senate and Vice-President of the Executive Council, he became Minister for Defence in 1905. He was defeated in the first serving Minister to suffer this fate, his term as a Senator ended on 31 December 1906, his ministerial commission was terminated on 24 January 1907. Playford made one further unsuccessful attempt to re-enter the Senate at the 1910 federal election. Playford died in Kent Town, Adelaide on 19 April 1915. Playford married Mary Jane Kinsman on 16 December 1860; the couple had five sons and five daughters.
His eldest daughter Annie married the Rev. John Henry Sexton on 30 June 1886. On 1 January 1889 his second daughter Eliza married Harry J. Tuck, younger brother of painter Marie Tuck and headmaster at Unley High School. Playford's grandson, Sir Thomas Playford served as Premier of South Australia. Hundred of Playford Jupp, J; the English in Australia, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Parliament Profile
John Hart (South Australian colonist)
Captain John Hart was a South Australian politician and a Premier of South Australia. His son John Hart, Jr. was inaugural president of the Port Adelaide Football Club and had a brief political career. The son of journalist/newspaper publisher John Harriott Hart and Mary Hart née Glanville, John was born on 25 February 1809 at 23 Warwick Lane off Newgate Street, London. At Christ Church Greyfriars, John was baptised. At 12 years of age he first went to sea, visiting Hobart, Van Diemen's Land in September 1828 in the Magnet. In 1832 Hart was in command of the schooner Elizabeth, a sealer operating from Tasmania and visiting Kangaroo Island and Gulf St Vincent. In 1833 he took Edward Henty to and from Portland Bay. In 1836 he was sent to London to purchase another vessel, returning in the Isabella took the first livestock from Tasmania to South Australia in 1837. On the return voyage the Isabella was wrecked off Cape Nelson and Hart lost everything he had. Early January 1838 he was "on the River Murray near Mount Hope" and foresaw the great thoroughfare it would become in the second half of that century.
He went to Adelaide and John B. Hack sent him to Sydney to buy a vessel; some of this stock he brought overland to South Australia. Hack gave Hart two acres of land in Adelaide. In 1839 he managed a whaling station at Encounter Bay. In January 1843 Hart sailed to England in command of the South Australian Company's ageing barque Sarah and Elizabeth, delivering it to London for sale. Aboard as a passenger was the explorer John Hill, from whom Hart had just purchased Section 2112 at Port Adelaide, in partnership with Jacob Hagen. In December 1843 Hart returned to Adelaide in command of the barque Augustus of which he was part owner with Jacob Hagen and Hagen's brother. Among the passengers was the artist George French Angas. After another voyage to England he gave up the sea in 1846, settled near Port Adelaide, where he joined with H. Kent Hughes as merchants Hughes and Hart as Hart & Company, established large and successful flour mills, his flour mill at the Port was regarded as one of the best, "Hart's Flour" commanded the highest prices in Australia.
John Hart & Co. merged with the Adelaide Milling Company in 1882. He was a member of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society and its president from 1858 to 1859, he became interested in copper mining, some imputations having been made of underhand dealings in connection with leases, challenged inquiry. A select committee exonerated Hart stating that his conduct in every particular had been that of a honourable and upright man. Hart took an interest in public affairs, in 1851. Hart resigned in 1853 to visit England and was re-elected the next year, serving until the Council expired in 1857. In 1857 Hart became a member for Port Adelaide in the first House of Assembly, he was Treasurer of South Australia in the Baker ministry which lasted only a few days in August 1857, held the same position in the Hanson cabinet from 30 September 1857 to 12 June 1858 when he resigned. Hart was chief secretary in the short-lived first Dutton ministry in July 1863, was Treasurer in the first and second Ayers ministries, the first Blyth ministry from July 1863 to March 1865.
Hart became premier and chief secretary from 23 October 1865 to 28 March 1866 at which date he resigned from parliament. Hart was member for Light from May 1868 to April 1870. Including a second short stint as premier from 24 September 1868 to 13 October 1868. At the 1870 election, Hart changed seats to represent The Burra, the seat he retained until his death, he was premier and Treasurer again from 30 May 1870 to 10 November 1871. One newspaper obituary gave the opinion that Hart had been unfairly criticised in several of his decisions and should have been given credit for the Overland Telegraph Line rather than Sir Henry Ayers. Hart died on 28 January 1873 while presiding at a meeting of the Mercantile Marine Insurance Company, leaving a widow and a large family. Hart was created C. M. G. in 1870. John Hart married Mary Gillmor Kathrine Todd fourth daughter of Charles Hawkes Todd on 12 May 1845,. John Hart, Jr. married Emily Lavinia Finch on 8 August 1877. He died at Wooton Lea, Glen Osmond Mary Hart married Henry Huth Walters on 14 October 1868 Charles Hawkes Todd Hart was manager Port Adelaide flour mill 1873, may have returned to England.
Annie Hart married Rowland James Egerton-Warburton on 14 May 1872. Rowland was a son of Colonel Peter Egerton-Warburton. Katherine Hart married Algernon Arbuthnott Godwin on 9 January 1879 Other South Australian flour millers of the period were: Dr. Benjamin Archer Kent, for whom Kent Town, the site of his mill, was named. John Darling and Son John Dunn James Magarey and his son William James Magarey William Randell John Ridley Sally O'Neill,'Hart, John', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, Melbourne University Press, 1972, pp 355–356. Retrieved 22 January 2009 Serle, Percival (1
The Advertiser (Adelaide)
The Advertiser is a daily tabloid format newspaper published in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. First published as a broadsheet named The South Australian Advertiser on 12 July 1858, it is a tabloid printed from Monday to Saturday; the Advertiser came under the ownership of Keith Murdoch in the 1950s, the full ownership of Rupert Murdoch in 1987. It is now a publication of News Corp Australia. Through much of the 20th century, The Advertiser was Adelaide's morning broadsheet, The News the afternoon tabloid, with The Sunday Mail covering weekend sport, Messenger Newspapers community news; the head office was relocated from a former premises in King William Street, to a new News Corp office complex, known as Keith Murdoch House at 31 Waymouth Street. An early major daily colonial newspaper, The Adelaide Times, ceased publication on 9 May 1858. Shortly afterwards, Reverend John Henry Barrow, a former editor of the South Australian Register founded the morning newspaper The South Australian Advertiser and a companion weekly The South Australian Weekly Chronicle.
The original owners were Barrow and Charles Henry Goode, the first issues were published on 12 July 1858 and 17 July 1858 respectively. It consisted of four pages, each of seven columns, cost 4 pence. In 1863 the company started an afternoon newspaper The Express as a competitor to The Telegraph, an afternoon/evening daily paper independent of both The Advertiser and the South Australian Register; the company was re-formed, effective 9 September 1864, with additional shareholders Philip Henry Burden, John Baker, Captain Scott, James Counsell, Thomas Graves and others. Burden, secretary of the company, died in 1864, Barrow, whose wife had died in 1856, married his widow in 1865, thus owning together a quarter of the company. In December 1866, the syndicate bought the now defunct The Telegraph at auction, incorporated it with The Express to form The Express and Telegraph. In 1871, when the shareholders were Barrow, Robert Stuckey, Thomas Graves, William Parkin, Thomas King, James Counsell, George Williams Chinner, the partnership was dissolved and the business was carried on by Barrow and King.
J. H. Barrow died on 22 August 1874, Thomas King ran the papers for himself and Mrs. Barrow for about five years. In 1879 a new firm was created, consisting of Thomas King, Fred Burden, John Langdon Bonython. In July 1884, Thomas King dropped out, the firm of Burden & Bonython was formed to run the paper. On 1 April 1889, the main publication was re-branded with The Advertiser. In December 1891, Burden retired, sold his share of the company to Bonython, from 1894 to 1929, became the sole proprietor of The Advertiser; as well as being a talented newspaper editor, he supported the movement towards the Federation of Australia. In 1923, after a run of 60 years, The Express was stopped just as its renamed rival, The News, was starting. On 12 January 1929, The Mail announced that Bonython had sold The Advertiser for £1,250,000 to a group of Melbourne financiers The Herald and Weekly Times, an external media company, now had the controlling stake, but Bonython still retained a 48.7% interest. Bonython retired from his newspapers in 1929, after 65 years' service, his son, John Lavington Bonython, became editor.
In February 1931, in the wake of the Great Depression, The Advertiser took over and shut down its ailing competitors, The Register, The Chronicle, The Observer renaming itself for seven months as The Advertiser and Register. On the death of Keith Murdoch in 1952, ownership of The News and The Mail passed to his son Rupert Murdoch via News Limited. Following the handover, in response to suggestions of external influences from Victoria made by competing newspaper The Mail, the Chairman of The Advertiser's board published its policy in The Advertiser as follows: "It is the same today as when the late Sir Langdon Bonython was in sole control, it is based upon a profound pride and belief in South Australia, the system of private enterprise which has made this State what it is." On 24 October 1953 the company launched the Sunday Advertiser in direct competition to News Limited's The Mail, but failed to outreach its rival, though no doubt affecting its profitability. It ceased publication five years or so after which the by renamed Sunday Mail advertised itself as a joint publication of Advertiser Newspapers and News Ltd. and incorporated many of the Sunday Advertiser regular features.
It had introduced colour graphics on the comics page, but this was dropped shortly after joint publication commenced. In addition, The Messenger, published since 1951 was purchased in 1962, owned by 1983; when Murdoch acquired The Herald and Weekly Times in 1987, he acquired the remaining 48.7% share of The Advertiser. He sold The News in 1987, it was closed in 1992. Murdoch changed the format of The Advertiser from a broadsheet to a tabloid in November 1997, the masthead and content font and layout was modernised in September 2009; the Advertiser is available for purchase throughout South Australia and some towns and regions in New South Wales and the Northern Territory located near or adjacent to the South Australia state border such as Broken Hill, Mildura and Alice Springs. According to The Advertiser's website, the newspaper is read by over 580,000 people each weekday, by more than 740,000 people each Saturday. Circulation figures reported in May 2016 by Roy Morgan Research showe