Hunter High School, East Kilbride
The school started as a four year Secondary school and was extended in 1966 prior to amalgamation with the old East Kilbride Village school to form a full six-year Comprehensive. In 2008, it merged with Claremont High School to form the new Calderglen High School, Hunter High School takes its name from the anatomist and physician William Hunter and his younger brother, the surgeon John Hunter who were both born nearby at Long Calderwood. The building was designed by the Lanarkshire County architect, David Gordon Bannerman, and was opened on 16 December 1963 by John Gordon. It was the first secondary school in Lanarkshire built with provisions for courses leading to the O level certificate. By 1968, the building had been extended to accommodate the improved Higher Learning Certificate syllabus. Due to economic uncertainty, the building fell into an advanced state of dereliction and was demolished in September 2009. The site was redeveloped by Barratt along with Persimmon Homes under the marketing title Gamekeepers Wynd
Jim Reid is the lead singer for the alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain, which he formed with his elder brother and guitarist William Reid. Reid is the singer and founding member of the alternative rock band The Jesus. They released six albums before they split up in 1999. Reid went on to form the band Freeheat with former Mary Chain drummer Nick Sanderson, Freeheat did several tours and released an EP, before the members went their separate ways in 2003. Reid released his first solo single Song for a Secret in 2005 on the Transistor record label, since April 2006 he has been playing with a new band that features Phil King on lead guitar, Loz Colbert on drums and Mark Crozer on bass. The band has performed his new material at several low key gigs including Whelans in Dublin and, more recently, Reid was born in East Kilbride and attended Hunter High School. He now lives in Devon, and has 2 daughters Simone, Song for a Secret – single Dead End Kids – single
Munki is the sixth studio album released by The Jesus and Mary Chain. After leaving Blanco y Negro, the Reid brothers signed to Sub Pop in the U. S. and Creation, who had released their debut single Upside Down in 1984, in the UK. The origin of the title, according to Ben Lurie in an interview with Spin magazine, was that they wanted an un-Mary Chain-like title. It doesnt mean anything. In an interview with The Herald, Jim said that their sister Linda suggested it and this was the bands final studio album before their 8-year breakup from October 1999 to June 2007. The album is thought of as sounding divided due to the Reids crumbling relationship, Jim Reid recalls, Me. That last year we barely even spoke, Munki is one of my favorite albums, but it was really divided. William would go into the studio with the rest of the band and record while I wasnt there, to counterbalance these sentiments, Jim wrote I Love Rock n Roll because I thought it left kind of negative - I felt it was only half the story.
In the same issue of Alt Press, Munki was rated a perfect 5 out 5, most other reviews, like those from Allmusic and Rolling Stone linked on this page, were less enthusiastic. Munki peaked at No.47 in the UK album charts, the bands first studio album not to make the Top 40
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music may be referred to as a musician, Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles. Examples of a musicians possible skills include performing, singing, arranging, in the Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, providing arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure, vocal pieces were in Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and typically were Church-polyphonic or made up of several simultaneous melodies. Giovanni Palestrina Giovanni Gabrieli Thomas Tallis Claudio Monteverdi Leonardo da Vinci The Baroque period introduced heavy use of counterpoint and instrumental “color” became more important compared to the Renaissance style of music, and emphasized much of the volume and pace of each piece.
George Frideric Handel Johann Sebastian Bach Antonio Vivaldi Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies, because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared to the flourishing times of the Renaissance and Baroque eras. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution, a revolutionary energy was at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture, in 20th-century music and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be. objective, while objects existed on their own terms, while past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete.
The advent of recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—popular music, rock music, electronic music, folk music. Singer Composer Music artist Tour Manager Media related to Musicians at Wikimedia Commons
In signal processing, white noise is a random signal having equal intensity at different frequencies, giving it a constant power spectral density. The term is used, with this or similar meanings, in scientific and technical disciplines, including physics, acoustic engineering, telecommunications, statistical forecasting. White noise refers to a model for signals and signal sources. Depending on the context, one may require that the samples be independent and have identical probability distribution. In particular, if each sample has a distribution with zero mean. The samples of a noise signal may be sequential in time. The concept can be defined for signals spread over more complicated domains, an infinite-bandwidth white noise signal is a purely theoretical construction. The bandwidth of noise is limited in practice by the mechanism of noise generation, by the transmission medium. Thus, a signal is considered white noise if it is observed to have a flat spectrum over the range of frequencies that is relevant to the context.
For an audio signal, for example, the relevant range is the band of sound frequencies. Such a signal is heard as a sound, resembling the /sh/ sound in ash. In music and acoustics, the white noise may be used for any signal that has a similar hissing sound. White noise draws its name from white light, although light that appears white generally does not have a spectral power density over the visible band. The term white noise is used in the context of phylogenetically based statistical methods to refer to a lack of phylogenetic pattern in comparative data. It is sometimes used in non technical contexts, in the sense of random talk without meaningful contents. Being uncorrelated in time does not restrict the values a signal can take, any distribution of values is possible. Even a binary signal which can take on the values 1 or –1 will be white if the sequence is statistically uncorrelated. Noise having a distribution, such as a normal distribution
Honeys Dead is the fourth studio album by the Scottish alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain, released in 1992 on Blanco y Negro Records. The title refers to one of the early hits, Just Like Honey. The albums first single, attracted controversy for the lyrics I want to die just like Jesus Christ. Banned by Top of the Pops, the peaked at #10 in the UK charts. Honeys Dead was recorded in the bands London studio, the aptly named Drugstore, with accomplished engineer Flood and campus radio stations picked up Far Gone and Out which remains one of the bands most popular singles to date, peaking at #23 in the bands native UK. The Mary Chain shared the bill during parts of Lollapalooza 1992 in the U. S. with Pearl Jam, Ministry, Ice Cube, anheuser Busch even used the samples of Sugar Ray as a background bed for their Bud Ice television commercials in 1993. Honeys Dead was on the short list of nominees for the 1992 Mercury Prize, the album posts a close second in sales to release Stoned & Dethroned.
The Reid brothers alternate between singing duties on tracks, the album cover art features a detail from the painting Ophelia by the Pre-Raphaelite painter Arthur Hughes. All songs written by Jim Reid and William Reid, track 9, Is listed as copyright 1990, but the version here is not the original 1990 EP version. This version features live drums and does not have the echo on William Reids voice, and is likely a re-recorded version from the album sessions
Automatic (The Jesus and Mary Chain album)
Automatic is the third album by Scottish alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain. The group on record is basically the core duo of brothers William and Jim Reid with a drum machine providing percussion. The only other credited musician was Richard Thomas who joined the touring version of The Jesus, Thomas drummed on Gimme Hell and was a former member of Dif Juz. He made appearances on Cocteau Twins 1986 Victorialand LP and This Mortal Coils 1986 Filigree & Shadow, although released to generally poor reviews at the time, Automatic contains their most successful single in America up to that point, Head On. Critical and fan reception has improved with the passage of time, pitchfork Media wrote in 2006, Conventional wisdom wrongly calls the dud, of the JAMCs discography, but that in hindsight the album feels like a career peak and has been a fan favourite. The last two tracks and Sunray, do not appear on vinyl LP versions of the album, all songs written by Jim Reid and William Reid
Darklands is the second album by Scottish alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain. Unlike their previous album, drum machines were used in place of drummer Bobby Gillespie, the album marks a turning point in the bands music, going from the noise-pop of Psychocandy to a more melodic indie/alternative sound. Gillespie recorded a version of the albums title track with Primal Scream. Lead vocals are by Jim Reid, with the exception of Darklands, Nine Million Rainy Days, the album was included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. All songs written by Jim Reid and William Reid
The guitar is a musical instrument classified as a fretted string instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings, usually having six. The sound is projected either acoustically, using a wooden or plastic and wood box, or through electrical amplifier. It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, the guitar is a type of chordophone, traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. There are three types of modern acoustic guitar, the classical guitar, the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar. The tone of a guitar is produced by the strings vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar. The term finger-picking can refer to a tradition of folk, bluegrass. The acoustic bass guitar is an instrument that is one octave below a regular guitar. Early amplified guitars employed a body, but a solid wood body was eventually found more suitable during the 1960s and 1970s.
As with acoustic guitars, there are a number of types of guitars, including hollowbody guitars, archtop guitars and solid-body guitars. The electric guitar has had a influence on popular culture. The guitar is used in a variety of musical genres worldwide. It is recognized as an instrument in genres such as blues, country, folk, jota, metal, reggae, soul. The term is used to refer to a number of chordophones that were developed and used across Europe, beginning in the 12th century and, later, in the Americas. The modern word guitar, and its antecedents, has applied to a wide variety of chordophones since classical times. Many influences are cited as antecedents to the modern guitar, at least two instruments called guitars were in use in Spain by 1200, the guitarra latina and the so-called guitarra morisca. The guitarra morisca had a back, wide fingerboard. The guitarra Latina had a sound hole and a narrower neck. By the 14th century the qualifiers moresca or morisca and latina had been dropped, and it had six courses, lute-like tuning in fourths and a guitar-like body, although early representations reveal an instrument with a sharply cut waist
The lead vocalist, lead vocals or lead singer in popular music is typically the member of a group or band whose voice is the most prominent in a performance where multiple voices may be heard. The lead singer either leads the ensemble, or sets against the ensemble as the dominant sound. In vocal group performances, notably in soul and gospel music, and early rock and roll, as an example in rock music, Mick Jagger is the lead singer of The Rolling Stones. Similarly in soul music, Smokey Robinson was the singer of The Miracles. The practice of using a lead singer in vocal groups, has a longer history, songs of the late nineteenth century frequently used a leading solo voice, followed by a choral response by other singers. From these various points - including Motown - it went on to become a device in much rock. In some bands - most famously, The Beatles - the role of lead singer alternated, while in others - for example, there are as many types and styles of lead singer as there are styles and genres of music.
However, the singer of a group or band is usually the main focus of audiences attention. The lead vocalist of a band is called the front man or front woman. Pink Floyd can be considered a band with two front men, as both the guitarist David Gilmour and the bassist Roger Waters sang and wrote most of the songs. In the beginning of the career, Pink Floyds lead singer and guitarist was Syd Barrett. Particularly before the 1970s, many bands were named for the leader or founder, rather than the lead singer, examples include the Dave Clark Five and Harold Melvin. In modern rock music, the singer is often, but not always, the bands leader. While lead singers or spokespersons for any musical ensembles can be called a front man, since the position commonly has an expanded role from simple lead vocalists, there have been cases in which the front man for a band is someone other than the lead vocalist. In many bands, such as The Who, Fall Out Boy, Led Zeppelin, Living Colour and Oasis, this is derived from that guitarists specific role as a co-songwriter, co-founder and/or co-vocalist.
Also in some cases, there are two frontmen, such as Underoath, with singers Spencer Chamberlain and Aaron Gillespie sharing vocal duties, another example is Blink-182, in which vocal duties are split between bassist Mark Hoppus and guitarist Tom DeLonge. Hoppus usually carries out most media either by himself or together with DeLonge, linkin Park has two vocalists as well, Chester Bennington and Mike Shinoda, both considered as frontmen. Another example is the metal band Metallica, in which James Hetfield
A synthesizer is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones. Synthesizers may either imitate instruments like piano, Hammond organ, vocals, natural sounds like ocean waves, etc. or generate new electronic timbres. Synthesizers without built-in controllers are called sound modules, and are controlled via USB, MIDI or CV/gate using a controller device. Synthesizers use various methods to generate electronic signals, synthesizers were first used in pop music in the 1960s. In the 1970s, synths were used in disco, especially in the late 1970s, in the 1980s, the invention of the relatively inexpensive, mass market Yamaha DX7 synth made synthesizers widely available. 1980s pop and dance music often made use of synthesizers. In the 2010s, synthesizers are used in genres of pop, rock. Contemporary classical music composers from the 20th and 21st century write compositions for synthesizer, the beginnings of the synthesizer are difficult to trace, as it is difficult to draw a distinction between synthesizers and some early electric or electronic musical instruments.
One of the earliest electric musical instruments, the telegraph, was invented in 1876 by American electrical engineer Elisha Gray. He accidentally discovered the sound generation from a self-vibrating electromechanical circuit and this musical telegraph used steel reeds with oscillations created by electromagnets transmitted over a telegraph line. Gray built a simple loudspeaker device into models, consisting of a diaphragm in a magnetic field. This instrument was a remote electromechanical musical instrument that used telegraphy, though it lacked an arbitrary sound-synthesis function, some have erroneously called it the first synthesizer. In 1897, Thaddeus Cahill invented the Teleharmonium, which used dynamos, and was capable of additive synthesis like the Hammond organ, Cahills business was unsuccessful for various reasons, and similar but more compact instruments were subsequently developed, such as electronic and tonewheel organs. In 1906, American engineer, Lee De Forest ushered in the electronics age and he invented the first amplifying vacuum tube, called the Audion tube.
This led to new entertainment technologies, including radio and sound films, ondes Martenot and Trautonium were continuously developed for several decades, finally developing qualities similar to synthesizers. In the 1920s, Arseny Avraamov developed various systems of graphic sonic art, in 1938, USSR engineer Yevgeny Murzin designed a compositional tool called ANS, one of the earliest real-time additive synthesizers using optoelectronics. The earliest polyphonic synthesizers were developed in Germany and the United States, during the three years that Hammond manufactured this model,1,069 units were shipped, but production was discontinued at the start of World War II. Both instruments were the forerunners of the electronic organs and polyphonic synthesizers