Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Workman
The Cathedral of St. Joseph the Workman is the mother church of the Diocese of La Crosse; the cathedral, designed by architect Edward J. Schulte, was completed in 1962. Built of limestone, it has a tall clock tower which rises above the surrounding buildings in downtown La Crosse, Wisconsin; the following Bishops of the Diocese of La Crosse are buried in the Blessed Sacrament Chapel: Kilian Caspar Flasch James Schwebach Alexander Joseph McGavick, founder of Aquinas High School-La Crosse, Wisconsin John Patrick Treacy, the builder of the new cathedral Frederick William Freking John Joseph PaulNote:Bishop Michael Heiss is buried in Milwaukee and Auxiliary Bishop William Richard Griffin is buried in Chicago. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Media related to Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Workman at Wikimedia Commons Official Cathedral Site Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse Official Site
Anthony O'Regan was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Chicago in the United States from 1854 to 1858. Anthony O'Regan was born in Lavalleyroe, County Mayo, studied at Maynooth College. Following his ordination to the priesthood on November 29, 1834, he was appointed by Archbishop John MacHale to be professor of Scripture and dogmatic theology at St. Jarlath's College, where he served as President from 1844 to 1849, he accepted an invitation from Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick in 1849 to head the newly established theological seminary at Cardondelet, on the outskirts of St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States. On December 9, 1853, O'Regan was appointed the third Bishop of Chicago, Illinois, by Pope Pius IX, he refused the appointment, feeling that his quiet scholarly background made him unsuitable for such an office, but accepted after the Holy See sent him a mandate in June 1854. He received his episcopal consecration on July 25, 1854 from Archbishop Kenrick, with Bishops James Oliver Van de Velde, S.
J. and John Henni serving as co-consecrators, at the Cathedral of St. Louis. After a severe spell of nervous debility, he reached Chicago and was solemnly installed as Bishop on the following September 3, he soon began construction on a new episcopal residence, completed in 1856 but destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire in 1871. During his tenure, O'Regan established the Jesuits and the Redemptorists, purchased property for several churches and Calvary Cemetery. A systematic administrator and strong disciplinarian, however, he excited much dissatisfaction among his clergy, he was accused of discriminating against his French-speaking congregations. Distressed by the frequent opposition his administration met, he submitted his resignation in 1857. O'Regan retired to London, where he befriended the likes of Nicholas Wiseman and Henry Edward Manning, died from liver disease at age 57, his funeral Mass was celebrated by Archbishop MacHale at Tuam Cathedral, his remains were buried in Cloonfad
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Viterbo University is a private co-educational Roman Catholic and Franciscan liberal arts university located in La Crosse, United States. Founded in 1890, Viterbo offers more than 70 academic programs at the associate's, bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree level. In 2014 U. S. News & World Report ranked Viterbo in the top regional universities in the Midwest at #109 and the university's graduate nursing program nationally at #234. With over 18,000 alumni, the university is one of 24 members in the Association of Franciscan Colleges and Universities. In 1890, the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration founded St. Rose Normal School, a school to prepare religious sisters to teach in elementary schools. College courses were introduced in 1923; the school developed a four-year college program, by the 1931-1932 school year became known as St. Rose Junior College. Lay women were admitted starting in 1934 and in 1937, the school was renamed Viterbo College. In 1939, it received approval as a four-year degree-granting institution and the college became co-ed in 1970 when men were allowed to enter.
On September 4, 2000 the college was renamed Viterbo University. In 2013, the university's first doctoral program was introduced offering a Doctor of Nursing Practice. In 1971, the school's Fine Arts Center was completed. In 1987, the school's Varsity Athletic Center was built. In 2004, the Reinhart Center for Ethics in Leadership was completed, in 2005 the Mathy Center expansion to the 1987 athletics building was completed; the Mathy Center is a collaboration between Viterbo University and the local Boys and Girls Club of La Crosse—the first such effort in the country. A remodel of the Todd Wehr Memorial Library within the main academic building, Murphy Center, was completed in 2006, the school bookstore was remodeled in the summer of 2006. Between 2009 and 2011, the Student Union was remodeled at the expense of the Student Government Association, in collaboration with the Residence Hall Council; the Union remodel included upgrades to the security desk, computer area and furniture. The School of Nursing Building, which opened in fall of 2011, has simulation labs dedicated to critical care, medical/surgical, maternal newborn care, child health care.
It has a nutrition and dietetics lab. Since 2013, Viterbo University has shared space at the Weber Center for the Performing Arts, a 30,000-square-foot facility in downtown La Crosse; as of the fall 2015 semester 2,677 students were enrolled at Viterbo University. There were 851 graduate students. Viterbo has a student/faculty ratio of 11:1 and an average class size of 16. Viterbo University teams, nicknamed athletically as the V-Hawks, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics competing in the North Star Athletic Association; the V-Hawks had been a member of the Midwest Collegiate Conference from 1989 until it disbanded in 2015. Men's sports include baseball, bowling, cross country, golf and track & field. Beginning in fall 2018, Viterbo will add co-ed competitive dance as an intercollegiate sport. Viterbo will add men's volleyball and compete as part of the Chicagoland Collegiate Athletic Conference. Thea Bowman, Roman Catholic religious sister and scholar Dolores Balderamos-Garcia, Belizean politician Jorge Espat, Belizean politician Shannon Frid, violinist in the band Cloud Cult Jackie Harvey, Onion columnist Damian Miller, former Major League Baseball catcher Michelle Rifenberg, Minnesota state legislator Thea Bowman Richard Ruppel St. Rose of Viterbo Convent Official website Viterbo University Athletics
Diocese of Lydda
The Diocese of Lydda is one of the oldest and most significant Bishoprics of the early Christian Church in the Holy Land, faded under Persian and Arab-Islamic rule, was revived by the Crusaders and remains a Latin Catholic titular see. Founded in the 1st century, there has been a Bishop of Lydda continuously since. In early Christian times, Lydda was a prosperous Jewish town, located on the intersection of the North – South and the Egypt to Babylon roads, it was made wealthy on the trade that passed through it. According to the Bible Lod was founded by Semed of the Israelite Tribe of Benjamin. Flavius Josephus confirms Julius Caesar gave it in 48 BC to the Hebrews, but Cassius sold the population in 44 BC, Marc Anthony released them two years later; the city saw Roman civil wars and Hebrew revolts in the first century, was renamed Diospolis, but remained popularly known as Lod or Lydda. It harbored Christian since the Apostle Petrus cured the paralytic Eneas, it was a natural point to establish a church, established when Saint Peter visited the city between 31–36AD.
By 120AD most of its inhabitants were Christian. The episcopal see was established by the first Byzantine emperor Constantin the Great, as suffragan of the Archdiocese of Caesarea in Palestina, in the sway of the original Patriarchate of Jerusalem. In December 415, the Council of Diospolis was held in the bishopric to try British monk Pelagius; the earliest recorded bishop is Aëtius, a friend of Arius. The city was renamed Georgiopolis after local martyr St George, patron saint of England was born in the town and buried on the site of the basilica of Georgius, first mentioned about 530 by pilgrim Theodosius, it faded at the advent of Arab Muslims. Byzantine Suffragan Bishops of Lydda/ Diopolis/ Georgiopolis Zenas the Lawyer Aëtius, a friend of Arius Dionysius Photinus Apollonius Eustatius In 1099, during the triumphant First Crusade and Arab neighbour town Ramla were assigned to Robert, a Norman known after his natal diocese Rouen, installed as virtual prince-bishop, wielding temporal feudal power as well as religious jurisdiction, obliged to supply a cavalry contingent to the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
In 1110 civil jurisdiction over Ramla was spit off as a separate Lordship of Ramla, vested in Baldwin. Saint George's church was burned by Muslims in 1099, but rebuild larger, shifted to the northeast, in the 12th century by the Crusaders as Latin cathedral, but again destroyed by Saracens in 1191, in the fight against English crusader king Richard Lionheart, the patron saint of both knighthood and England being of great significance to his troops. Latin Suffragan Bishops of LyddaRobert of Rouen c 1099 Bishop Roger fl. 1110 Constantinus Reinier = Ranierus Bernard of Lydda Unknown Bishop of Lydda who spoke to king Richard I Lionheart in 1192. Isias fl.1202. Pelagius, next Bishop of Salamanca Radulphus = Ralph I Ralph of Lydda = Radulfo II † Arnaldus William, next vescovo di Agen John Bishop of Lydda Godfrey,? Franciscan; as the Crusader kingdom fell to Saladin, Lydda was in partibus infidelium. From the 15th century, it was a Latin titular bishopric both under the names Lydda and Diospolis in Palaestina, with a messy proliferation of titular incumbents the next century with up to eleven titular bishops'on' the see of Lydda.
Titular Bishops of Lydda/ DiospolisBenedikt Sibenhirter, Thomas Lydensis Nicolaus de Braciano, Hermanus Nigenbroch, Petrus Antonii Heinrich von Hattingen Giovanni Brainfort Thomas Bele Pompeo Musacchi Marcus Teggingeri Georges Scultetus Franz Weinhart Francisco Varo Giovanni Battista Bruni, Johann Baptist Joseph Gobel Anselmo Basilici Francesco Pichi Robert Gradwell Henri Monnier Bernard Nicholas Ward Patrice Alexandre Chiasson Michele Cerrati John James Joseph Monaghan William Richard Griffin Girolamo Bartolomeo Bortignon Lawrence Joseph Shehan Frédéric Duc Marcelino Sérgio Bicego Jean-Baptiste Gourion, William Hanna Shomali List of Catholic dioceses in Holy Land and Cyprus Diospolis for namesakes, including three titular bishoprics GCatholic - titular see Sabino De Sandoli, Corpus Inscriptionum Crucesignatorum Terrae Sanctae, Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, 197
La Crosse, Wisconsin
La Crosse is a city in the U. S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of La Crosse County. Positioned alongside the Mississippi River, La Crosse is the largest city on Wisconsin's western border. La Crosse's estimated population in 2017 was 51,834; the city forms the core of and is the principal city in the La Crosse Metropolitan Area which includes all of La Crosse County and Houston County, Minnesota for a population of 135,298. A regional technology and transportation hub, companies based in the La Crosse area include Organic Valley, Logistics Health Incorporated, Kwik Trip, La Crosse Technology, City Brewing Company, Trane. La Crosse is a college town and home to the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, Viterbo University, Western Technical College; the first Europeans to see the site of La Crosse were French fur traders who traveled the Mississippi River in the late 17th century. There is no written record of any visit to the site until 1805, when Lt. Zebulon Pike mounted an expedition up the Mississippi River for the United States.
Pike recorded the location's name as "Prairie La Crosse." The name originated from the game with sticks that resembled a bishop's crozier or la crosse in French, played by Native Americans there. The first white settlement at La Crosse occurred in 1841 when Nathan Myrick, a New York native, moved to the village at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin to work in the fur trade. Myrick was disappointed to find that because many fur traders were well-entrenched there, there were no openings for him in the trade; as a result, he decided to establish a trading post upriver at the still unsettled site of Prairie La Crosse. In 1841, he built a temporary trading post on Barron Island, which lies just west of La Crosse's present downtown; the following year, Myrick relocated the post to the mainland prairie, partnering with H. J. B. Miller to run the outfit; the spot Myrick chose to build his trading post proved ideal for settlement. It was near the junction of the Black, La Crosse, Mississippi Rivers. In addition, the post was built at one of the few points along the Wisconsin side of the Mississippi River where a broad plain ideal for development existed between the river's bank and the tall bluffs that line the river valley.
Because of these advantages, a small village grew around Myrick's trading post in the 1840s. A small Mormon community settled at La Crosse in 1844, building several dozen cabins a few miles south of Myrick's post. Although these settlers relocated away from the Midwest after just a year, the land they occupied near La Crosse continues to bear the name Mormon Coulee. On June 23, 1850, Father James Lloyd Breck of the Episcopal Church said the first Christian liturgy on top of Grandad Bluff. Today a monument to that event stands near the parking lot at a scenic overlook. More permanent development took place closer to Myrick's trading post, where stores, a hotel, a post office were constructed during the 1840s. Under the direction of Timothy Burns, lieutenant governor of Wisconsin, surveyor William Hood platted the village in 1851; this opened it up for further settlement, achieved as a result of promotion of the city in eastern newspapers. By 1855, La Crosse had grown in population to nearly 2,000 residents, leading to its incorporation in 1856.
The city grew more after 1858 with the completion of the La Crosse & Milwaukee Railroad, the second railroad connecting Milwaukee to the Mississippi River. During the second half of the 19th century, La Crosse grew to become one of the largest cities in Wisconsin, it was a center of the lumber industry, for logs cut in the interior of the state could be rafted down the Black River toward sawmills built in the city. La Crosse became a center for the brewing industry and other manufacturers that saw advantages in the city's location adjacent to major transportation arteries, such as the Mississippi River and the railroad between Milwaukee and St. Paul, Minnesota. Around the turn of the 20th century, the city became a center for education, with three colleges and universities established in the city between 1890 and 1912. In 2016, Mayors Tim Kabat and John Medinger issued a proclamation apologizing for La Crosse's history as a sundown town that discriminated against African Americans. La Crosse remains the largest city on Wisconsin's western border, the educational institutions in the city have led it toward becoming a regional technology and medical hub.
La Crosse is located on the western border of the midsection of Wisconsin, on a broad alluvial plain along the east side of the Mississippi River. The Black River empties into the Mississippi north of the city, the La Crosse River flows into the Mississippi just north of the downtown area. Just upriver from its mouth, this river broadens into a marshland that splits the city into two distinct sections and south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.54 square miles, of which, 20.52 square miles is land and 2.02 square miles is water. Surrounding the flat prairie valley where La Crosse lies are towering 500 ft bluffs, one of the most prominent of, Grandad Bluff, which has an overlook of the three states region; this feature typifies the topography of the Driftless Area. This rugged region is composed of high ridges dissected by narrow valleys called coulees, a French term; as a result, the area around La Crosse is referred to as the "Coulee Region". La Crosse's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate.
The warmest month of the year is July, when the average high temperature is 84.1 °
George William Mundelein was an American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Chicago from 1915 until his death, was elevated to the cardinalate in 1924. George Mundelein was born on the Lower East Side of Manhattan to Mary Mundelein. One of three children, he had two sisters and Anna, his father was of German descent, his mother was Irish. His grandfather fought in the Civil War, he attended La Salle Manhattan College, where he befriended Patrick Joseph Hayes. He graduated from Manhattan in 1889 with high honors. Mundelein studied at St. Vincent Seminary in Latrobe and the Pontifical Urbaniana University in Rome, where he was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Charles Edward McDonnell on June 8, 1895. Returning to the United States, he did pastoral work in the Diocese of Brooklyn and served as secretary to Bishop McDonnell until 1897. From 1897 to 1909, he was chancellor for the diocese. On June 30, 1909, Mundelein was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Brooklyn and Titular Bishop of Loryma by Pope Pius X.
He received his episcopal consecration on the following September 21 from Bishop McDonnell, with Bishops Charles H. Colton and John O'Connor serving as co-consecrators, at St. James Cathedral-Basilica. Mundelein was named the third Archbishop of Chicago, Illinois, on December 9, 1915, he was formally installed as archbishop on February 9, 1916, was appointed an Assistant at the Pontifical Throne on May 8, 1920. At a large dinner held at the University Club of Chicago on February 12, 1916, an anarchist chef, Jean Crones, slipped arsenic into the soup in an attempt to poison Mundelein and over 100 other guests, including Illinois Governor Edward F. Dunne; the soup was watered down due to the arrival of about fifty extra guests. None of the assembled guests died, as a hastily prepared emetic was supplied by a doctor, J. B. Murphy, who although mildly stricken himself, was able to help the other victims. Mundelein ate two of the soup. Newspapers referred to the mass-murder attempt as the "Mundelein poison soup plot."
Jean Crones was suspected at the time of being a German agent, but turned out to be an Italian anarchist named Nestor Dondoglio, a member of the Galleanist circle of anarchists who included Sacco and Vanzetti. Dondoglio wrote letters to American newspapers after the crime, he was never apprehended, though police spent years taking men into custody thought to be "Jean Crones." He died peacefully in Connecticut in 1932 "where he had found haven with friends." The archdiocese expanded its charity functions during the Great Depression, rivalling that of Chicago's Associated Jewish Charities. A citywide network of St. Vincent de Paul Societies was established. Pope Pius XI created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria del Popolo in the consistory of March 24, 1924. With his elevation, Chicago became the first diocese west of the Allegheny Mountains to have a cardinal. In 1933, he was appointed judge for the apostolic process for Mother Cabrini's cause for canonization. Mundelein served as papal legate to the eighth National Eucharistic Congress in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 13, 1938, was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1939 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XII.
Mundelein died from heart disease in his sleep in Mundelein, Illinois, at age 67. He is buried behind the main altar of the chapel at Mundelein Seminary. Considered a liberal, Mundelein was a friend of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and supporter of the New Deal. A staunch supporter of trade unions, the Cardinal once remarked, The trouble with in the past has been that we were too allied or drawn into an alliance with the wrong side. Selfish employers of labor have flattered the Church by calling it the great conservative force, called upon it to act as a police force while they paid but a pittance of wage to those who work for them. I hope. Our place is beside the workingman. Mundelein commented on the film industry in 1934, saying, "We don't like the Mae West type... The kind of film in which Will Rogers, Janet Gaynor, Victor Moore appear is what we have in mind." In 1935, he said "that not war, nor famine, nor pestilence have brought so much suffering and pain to the human race, as have hasty, ill-advised marriages, unions entered into without the knowledge, the preparation, the thought an important commercial contract merits and receives.
God made marriage an indissoluble contract, Christ made it a sacrament, the world today has made it a plaything of passion, an accompaniment of sex, a scrap of paper to be torn up at the whim of the participants." He was an outspoken opponent of contraception. During his tenure in Chicago, Mundelein launched an effort to unify ethnic Catholic groups such as the Poles and Italians into territorial, instead of ethnic, parishes with mixed success. St. Monica's parish, was endorsed by Mundelein as the city's sole black parish, leading to distaste for the archbishop in both the early 1900s and today. After constructing the landmark Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary in Chicago, Mundelein built St. Mary of the Lake Seminary renamed Mundelein Seminary in his honor, in Area, now Mundelein, Illinois. Quigley Seminary was the site of Mundelein's 1937 "Paper hanger" speech, criticizing Adolf Hitler, he organized the construction of other churches in the See, such as the Saint Philip Neri church and the Corpus Christi Church, both designed by Chicago architect Joseph W. McCarthy.
He publicly sparre