Who's Who is the title of a number of reference publications containing concise biographical information on the prominent people of a country. The oldest and best known is the annual British publication Who's Who, a reference work on contemporary prominent people; the title "Who's Who" is in the public domain, thousands of Who's Who compilations of varying scope and quality have been published by various authors and publishers. The title is used as an expression meaning a collection or group of noted persons. Many other publications that do not list the prominent people of a country use this title, but those books are vanity publications where the inclusion criterion is the biographee's willingness to buy the book, with the business model consisting of selling books directly to the biographees. Who's Who, the oldest listing of prominent British people since 1849. Cambridge Who's Who, a vanity publisher based in New York. Marquis Who's Who, a series of books published by Marquis listing prominent American people, but including Who's Who in the World.
Who's Who in New Zealand, twelve editions published at irregular intervals between 1908 and 1991 Canadian Who's Who, a listing of prominent Canadians since 1910 Who's Who in Switzerland, published from 1953 to 1996 and Swiss Who's Who, a listing of prominent Swiss or leading figures living in Switzerland since 2015 Who's Who in Australia, a listing of prominent Australians since 1923 Who's Who in France, a listing of prominent French or people living in France since 1953 Who's Who in Scotland, a listing of prominent Scots since 1986 Who's Who, by Metron Publications, a listing of prominent Greeks since 1992 Who's Who of Southern Africa, a resource tool of noteworthy people in Southern Africa, a professional networking platform. It is not the same as the official print publication, but a website which anyone may join and create their own profile. Nihon Tarento Meikan: Talent Who's Who in Japan, a listing of Japanese celebrities, or tarentos, since 1970 Some Who's Who books have a title in the language of the country concerned: Croatian: Tko je tko u Hrvatskoj, bilingual edition Danish: Kraks Blå Bog annually German: Wer ist's? and Wer ist wer?
Almost annually German: for East Germany: Wer war wer in der DDR? Norwegian: Hvem er Hvem? 14 editions in the 20th century South Africa:'Who's Who of Southern Africa annually Spanish: ¿Quién es quién? Swedish: Vem är det every second year Who's Who in American Art, a listing of prominent American artists Who's Who in British History The Who's Who in Building & Construction is a regional magazine and buyers guide targeted at commercial construction contractors first published by Jefferson Valley, New York-based Contractors Register in 2015; the magazine replaced the old hardbound Blue Book of Building and Construction, published annually in 38 states since 1913. The inaugural issue was released in the Washington DC / Baltimore metro area in fall of 2015, followed by a national launch in spring of 2016. Who's Who in the DC Universe a listing of DC Comics characters Who's Who Among American High School Students listing what it deems to be American high school and college students who excel in the realm of academic achievement.
The publishing company closed in 2007. Who's Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges, published by Randall-Reilly Publishing Co. LLC is a list of high achieving college students nominated by the college faculty. Who's Who in American Real Estate, a resource tool of professional real estate agents in America since 1983. Hinterland Who's Who, a series of 60-second public service ads profiling Canadian animals and birds, produced by Environment Canada in the 1960s International Who's Who by Europa Publications, a Taylor and Francis imprint Who's Who in the CIA, a book published in East Berlin in 1968 with the assistance of the KGB and the HVA purporting to reveal the identities of thousands of CIA officers. Who's Who, an episode of the American 1988 sitcom Dear John Kdo byl kdo Lists of books Who's Who scam Who's Who
Dean of Chichester
The Dean of Chichester is the dean of Chichester Cathedral in Sussex, England. Bishop Ralph is credited with the foundation of the current cathedral after the original structure, built by Stigand was destroyed by fire in 1114. Ralph did not confine his activities just to rebuilding the cathedral; the function of these four officials was to ensure the proper conduct of church services, the care of the church building and the supervision of subordinates. Beneath these four officials were the canons of the cathedral who in the medieval period were about twenty six in number; the dean would have been elected by the canons, would have the power to act in administrative matters only with their consent. The dean and his staff, were subject to the bishop's authority; the dean headed the cathedral community and had jurisdiction over all the Chichester city parishes, with the exception of All Saints, under the administration of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The four ancient posts of dean and canons still exist within the cathedral and their functions are similar to their ancient role, although somewhat diminished, as other church organisations have now taken over some of their powers.
There follows a list of deans of Chichester, from Bishop Ralph's time, to the present dean, Stephen Waine. Bishop of Chichester Archdeacon of Chichester "Chichester Cathedral". Dean and Chapter of Chichester Cathedral. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Diana E. Greenway. "Deans". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: volume 5: Chichester. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Hennessy, George. Chichester Diocese Clergy Lists: Clergy Succession from the earliest time to the year 1900. London: St Peters Press. Hobbs, Mary, ed.. Chichester Cathedral: An Historic Survey. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-924-3. Page, William, ed.. "Cathedral of Chichester". A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 23 February 2012. Stephens, W. R. W. Memorials of the See of Chichester and Cathedral Church of Chichester. London: Bentley. ISBN 0-7905-6451-3. "Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008. Oxford University Press. Dec 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
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The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788; the Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, have only had common ownership since 1967. In 1959, the historian of journalism Allan Nevins analysed the importance of The Times in shaping the views of events of London's elite: For much more than a century The Times has been an integral and important part of the political structure of Great Britain, its news and its editorial comment have in general been coordinated, have at most times been handled with an earnest sense of responsibility. While the paper has admitted some trivia to its columns, its whole emphasis has been on important public affairs treated with an eye to the best interests of Britain.
To guide this treatment, the editors have for long periods been in close touch with 10 Downing Street. The Times is the first newspaper to have borne that name, lending it to numerous other papers around the world, such as The Times of India and The New York Times. In countries where these other titles are popular, the newspaper is referred to as The London Times or The Times of London, although the newspaper is of national scope and distribution; the Times is the originator of the used Times Roman typeface developed by Stanley Morison of The Times in collaboration with the Monotype Corporation for its legibility in low-tech printing. In November 2006 The Times began printing headlines in Times Modern; the Times was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years, but switched to compact size in 2004 in an attempt to appeal more to younger readers and commuters using public transport. The Sunday Times remains a broadsheet; the Times had an average daily circulation of 417,298 in January 2019. An American edition of The Times has been published since 6 June 2006.
It has been used by scholars and researchers because of its widespread availability in libraries and its detailed index. A complete historical file of the digitised paper, up to 2010, is online from Gale Cengage Learning; the Times was founded by publisher John Walter on 1 January 1785 as The Daily Universal Register, with Walter in the role of editor. Walter had lost his job by the end of 1784 after the insurance company where he worked went bankrupt due to losses from a Jamaican hurricane. Unemployed, Walter began a new business venture. Henry Johnson had invented the logography, a new typography, reputedly faster and more precise. Walter bought the logography's patent and with it opened a printing house to produce a daily advertising sheet; the first publication of the newspaper The Daily Universal Register in Great Britain was 1 January 1785. Unhappy because the word Universal was omitted from the name, Walter changed the title after 940 editions on 1 January 1788 to The Times. In 1803, Walter handed editorship to his son of the same name.
In spite of Walter Sr's sixteen-month stay in Newgate Prison for libel printed in The Times, his pioneering efforts to obtain Continental news from France, helped build the paper's reputation among policy makers and financiers. The Times used contributions from significant figures in the fields of politics, science and the arts to build its reputation. For much of its early life, the profits of The Times were large and the competition minimal, so it could pay far better than its rivals for information or writers. Beginning in 1814, the paper was printed on the new steam-driven cylinder press developed by Friedrich Koenig. In 1815, The Times had a circulation of 5,000. Thomas Barnes was appointed general editor in 1817. In the same year, the paper's printer James Lawson and passed the business onto his son John Joseph Lawson. Under the editorship of Barnes and his successor in 1841, John Thadeus Delane, the influence of The Times rose to great heights in politics and amongst the City of London.
Peter Fraser and Edward Sterling were two noted journalists, gained for The Times the pompous/satirical nickname'The Thunderer'. The increased circulation and influence of the paper was based in part to its early adoption of the steam-driven rotary printing press. Distribution via steam trains to growing concentrations of urban populations helped ensure the profitability of the paper and its growing influence; the Times was the first newspaper to send war correspondents to cover particular conflicts. W. H. Russell, the paper's correspondent with the army in the Crimean War, was immensely influential with his dispatches back to England. In other events of the nineteenth century, The Times opposed the repeal of the Corn Laws until the number of demonstrations convinced the editorial board otherwise, only reluctantly supported aid to victims of the Irish Potato Famine, it enthusiastically supported the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which reduced corruption and increased the electorate from 400,000 people to 800,000 people.
During the American Civil War, The Times represented the view of the wealthy classes, favouring the secessionists, but it was not a supporter of slavery. The third John Walter, the founder's grandson, succeeded his father in 1847; the paper continued as more or less independent, but from t
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England. The city lies at the heart of the wider City of Winchester, a local government district, is located at the western end of the South Downs National Park, along the course of the River Itchen, it is situated 60 miles south-west of London and 13.6 miles from its closest city. At the time of the 2011 Census, Winchester had a population of 45,184; the wider City of Winchester district which includes towns such as Alresford and Bishop's Waltham has a population of 116,800. Winchester developed from the Roman town of Venta Belgarum, which in turn developed from an Iron Age oppidum. Winchester's major landmark is Winchester Cathedral, one of the largest cathedrals in Europe, with the distinction of having the longest nave and overall length of all Gothic cathedrals in Europe; the city is home to the University of Winchester and Winchester College, the oldest public school in the United Kingdom still using its original buildings. The area around Winchester has been inhabited since prehistoric times, with three Iron Age hillforts, Oram's Arbour, St. Catherine's Hill, Worthy Down all in the nearby vicinity.
In the Late Iron Age, a more urban settlement type developed, known as an oppidum, although the archaeology of this phase remains obscure. It was overrun by the confederation of Gaulish tribes known as the Belgae sometime during the first century BCE, it seems to have been known as Wentā or Venta, derived from the Brittonic for "town" or "meeting place", or the word for "white", due to Winchester's situation upon chalk. After the Roman conquest of Britain, the settlement served as the capital of the Belgae and was distinguished as Venta Belgarum, "Venta of the Belgae". Although in the early years of the Roman province it was of subsidiary importance to Silchester and Chichester, Venta eclipsed them both by the latter half of the second century. At the beginning of the third century, Winchester was given protective stone walls. At around this time the city covered an area of 144 acres, making it among the largest towns in Roman Britain by surface area. There was a limited suburban area outside the walls.
Like many other Roman towns however, Winchester began to decline in the fourth century. Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain in 410, urban life seems to have continued at Venta Belgarum until around 450 AD, a small administrative centre might have continued after that on the site of the Anglo-Saxon palace. Ford identifies the community as the Cair Guinntguic listed by Nennius among the 28 cities of Britain in his History of the Britons. Amid the Saxon invasions of Britain, cemeteries dating to the 6th and 7th centuries suggest a revival of settlement; the city became known as Wintan-ceastre in Old English. In 648, King Cenwalh of Wessex erected the Church of SS Peter and Paul known as the Old Minster; this became a cathedral in the 660s when the West Saxon bishopric was transferred from Dorchester-on-Thames. The present form of the city dates to reconstruction in the late 9th century, when King Alfred the Great obliterated the Roman street plan in favour of a new grid in order to provide better defence against the Vikings.
The city's first mint appears to date from this period. In the early tenth century there were two new ecclesiastical establishments, the convent of Nunnaminster, founded by Alfred's widow Ealhswith, the New Minster. Bishop Æthelwold of Winchester was a leading figure in the monastic reform movement of the tenth century, he replaced them with monks. He created the drainage system, the'Lockburn', which served as the town drain until 1875, still survives. In the late tenth century, the Old Minster was enlarged as a centre of the cult of the ninth century Bishop of Winchester, Saint Swithun; the three minsters were the home of what architectural historian John Crook describes as "the supreme artistic achievements" of the Winchester School. The consensus among historians of Anglo-Saxon England is that the court was mobile in this period and there was no fixed capital. Martin Biddle has suggested that Winchester was a centre for royal administration in the seventh and eighth centuries, but this is questioned by Barbara Yorke, who sees it as significant that the shire was named after Hamtun, the forerunner of Southampton.
However, Winchester is described by the historian Catherine Cubitt as "the premier city of the West Saxon kingdom." There was a fire in the city in 1141 during the Rout of Winchester. William of Wykeham played a role in the city's restoration; as Bishop of Winchester he was responsible for much of the current structure of the cathedral, he founded the still extant public school Winchester College. During the Middle Ages, the city was an important centre of the wool trade, before going into a slow decline; the curfew bell in the bell tower, still sounds at 8:00 pm each evening. While Jews lived in Winchester from at least 1148, in the 13th century the Jewish community in the city was one of the most important in England. There was an archa in the city, the Jewish quarter was located in the city's heart. There were a series of blood libel claims levied against the Jewish community in the 1220s and 1230s, the cause of the hanging of the community's leader, Abraham Pinch, in front of the synagogue that he was head of.
Simon de Montfort ransacked the Jewish quarter in 1264, in 1290 all Jews were expelled from England. The City Cross has been dated to the 15th century, features 12 statues of the Virgin Mary and various historical figures. Several statues appear to have been added t
Lavant, West Sussex
Lavant is a civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England, 2.2 miles north of Chichester. It includes three villages: East Lavant and the much smaller West Lavant, it takes its name from the River Lavant. The A286 road between Chichester and Midhurst runs through the parish; the villages were served by a station in Mid Lavant, on the railway line that ran between Chichester and Midhurst, but this closed in stages between 1931 and 1991. Kingley Vale lies on the border of the parish. Archaeological remains from the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman times have been identified. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward includes Westhampnett with a total ward population taken at the 2011 census of 2,365. Lavant is home to two sporting Lavant Football Club and Lavant Cricket Club. William Humphry, cricketer
Chichester Theological College
Chichester Theological College was an Anglican theological college for the Diocese of Chichester in Sussex, England. Its churchmanship was high church and Anglo-Catholic; the college was founded by William Otter in the first such diocesan college in England. Charles Marriott of Oriel College, was its first principal and the first donation, of £50, for the college was from W. E. Gladstone. From 1886, during Josiah Sanders Teulon's time as principal, the college experienced a gradual decline in students; this was exacerbated in 1899 when he retained his income as a resident canon. At a meeting of the college council, it was resolved to close the college. However, the vice-principal made a successful case for continuing and Herbert Rickard was appointed the new principal. In 1903, a hostel in West Street, was bought for £1000 by the college council, the balance being paid by the principal in memory of his wife; this became the college headquarters. This hostel was sold in 1919 and the proceeds went towards the purchase of new headquarters in Westgate, for £3500.
On 1 May 1919, the college was formally reopened by Bishop Charles Ridgeway and was dedicated to St Richard of Chichester. During the Second World War the college was forced to move temporarily to Cambridge while its buildings in Chichester were used by the military authorities. At the end of the war, the college buildings were sold, except for Marriott House, used to house the reopened college from 21 October 1946. After the college's closure in 1994, its theological library was transferred to the University of Chichester. In addition, St Bartholomew's Chapel, which served as the chapel to the theological college, is now the chaplaincy building of Chichester College. 1838: Charles Marriott, supporter of the Oxford Movement 1842: Henry Browne, English classical and biblical scholar 1846: Philip Freeman and Archdeacon of Exeter 1854: C. A. Swainson 1870: Arthur Rawson Ashwell, preacher and canon residentiary of Chichester Cathedral 1879: William Awdry, the first Bishop of Southampton 1886: Josiah Sanders Teulon 1899: Herbert Rickard until 1918 1919: Herman Leonard Pass, reopened the college after the First World War 1933: Charles Scott Gillett 1946: John Moorman, Bishop of Ripon from 1956 to 1975 1956: Cheslyn Jones 1971: Alan Wilkinson 1975: Robert John Halliburton 1982: John Hind, Bishop of Chichester 1991: Peter Atkinson, Dean of Worcester.
James Ayong, Archbishop of Papua New Guinea Paul-Gordon Chandler, Episcopal priest and author Barry Curtis, Bishop of Calgary and Metropolitan of Rupert's Land Edwin Dodgson, missionary John Ford, Bishop of The Murray Bishop of Plymouth Arthur John Hawes, Archdeacon of Lincoln Christopher Hewetson, Archdeacon of Chester Roger Jupp, Bishop of Popondetta Morris Maddocks, assistant bishop in the Diocese of Chichester David Nicholls, theologian Conrad Noel, noted Christian Socialist known as the'Red Vicar' Ernest Raymond, novelist David Rossdale, Bishop of Grimsby Oswald Trellis, Dean of St George's Cathedral, Georgetown Victor Whitechurch, writer of detective fiction Stephen Lake, Dean of Gloucester Diocese of Chichester site