William Sturgeon was an English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, invented the first practical English electric motor. Sturgeon was born on 22 May 1783 in Whittington, near Carnforth and became apprenticed to a shoemaker. Sturgeon taught himself mathematics and physics. In 1824 he became Lecturer in Science and Philosophy at the East India Company's Military Seminary at Addiscombe, in the following year he exhibited his first electromagnet, he displayed its power by lifting nine pounds with a seven-ounce piece of iron wrapped with wire through which a current from a single battery was sent. In 1832 he was appointed to the lecturing staff of the Adelaide Gallery of Practical Science in London, where he first demonstrated the DC electric motor incorporating a commutator. In 1836 he established the journal Annals of Electricity and Chemistry, in the same year he invented a galvanometer. Sturgeon was a close associate of John Peter Gassiot and Charles Vincent Walker, the three were instrumental in founding the London Electrical Society in 1837.
In 1840 he became superintendent of the Royal Victoria Gallery of Practical Science in Manchester. He formed a close social circle with John Davies, one of the Gallery's promoters, Davies's student James Prescott Joule, a circle that extended to include Edward William Binney and the surgeon John Leigh; the Gallery closed in 1842, he earned a living by lecturing and demonstrating. In 1843 he started the monthly journal, The Annals of Philosophical Discovery and Monthly Reporter of the Progress of Practical Science; each month's issue contains a mixture of original "long" papers, republished papers from foreign journals and shorter articles. However, the journal did not prove successful, ceased publication at the end of volume 1, in December 1843; this single volume is archived at Internet.org. Sturgeon died in Prestwich in Greater Manchester on 4 December 1850, he is buried there, in the churchyard of the St Mary the Virgin: he is identified on his grave slab as "William Sturgeon – The Electrician".
Gee, William. "Sturgeon, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26748. Kargon, R. H.. Science in Victorian Manchester: enterprise and expertise. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-1969-5. Vibart, H. M.. Addiscombe: its heroes and men of note. Westminster: Archibald Constable. Pp. 77–80
Sir John Germain, 1st Baronet was a British soldier of Dutch origin and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1713 and 1718. He was involved in a notorious affair with the Duchess of Norfolk and became wealthy. Germain passed as the son of John Germain, a private soldier in the Prince’s lifeguards, his wife Mary Moll, a mistress of William II, Prince of Orange, he was said to be an illegitimate half-brother of William III of England, he encouraged this rumour himself. He lacked a proper education and was quite ignorant, but was a successful soldier and managed to acquire a fortune, he was described by John Evelyn as ‘a Dutch gamester... who had gotten much by gaming’. In 1685, Germain was in England and began in an affair with Mary Howard, Duchess of Norfolk, wife of Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk. After the Duke discovered them, Germain returned to Holland, only to return with King William in 1688, he enjoyed William’s favour and in 1689 he was aide-de-camp to the Dutch commander in Flanders.
His brother was made a commissioner of wine licences in England. Germain was participated in the King's campaign in Ireland, he resumed his affair with the Duchess of Norfolk, in 1692 the Duke tried to divorce her by Act of Parliament but she opposed him in order to defend her inheritance, with the assistance of her father Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough. The bill was thrown out by the House of Lords insisting that the accusations be first proved in a lower court and so the Duke brought a much publicised action for criminal conversation against Germain in King’s bench for £100,000, he won his case. Germain was knighted on 26 February 1698, created a baronet in the Baronetage of England on 25 March 1698. After an 8-year battle, the Duke obtained a divorce in 1700; the Duchess, who succeeded to the estate of Drayton, Northamptonshire and as Baroness Mordaunt on her father's death, married Germain by licence dated 15 September 1701. On her death on 17 November 1705 he inherited Drayton House.
He married, as his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Berkeley in October 1706. The 3rd Earl of Peterborough had a claim to Drayton, but in November 1707 a case in the Queen’s bench was decided in favour of Germain. Germain became involved in several unsuccessful schemes to resolve the difficulties of the Royal African Company. In 1709 he did not go to the poll. At the 1713 general election, Germain was elected Member of Parliament for Morpeth, he was classed as a Whig and voted against the expulsion of Richard Steele on 18 March 1714. He did not stand at the 1715 general election, he was returned unopposed as MP for Totnes in a by-election on 22 April 1717, following the death of Arthur Champernowne. Germain died ‘of a mortification in his back’ on 11 December 1718 at the age of sixty-eight, he encouraged his wife to remarry or to leave the estate to children of his friend the Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. She survived him until 1769 spending most of the rest of her life with the Duke and Duchess of Dorset at Knole.
Jaimy Gordon, is an American writer. She is a winner of the National Book Award for Fiction, she was born in Baltimore. She graduated from Antioch College in 1966, received an MA in English from Brown University in 1972, earned a Doctor of Arts in Creative Writing in 1975 from Brown, she lives in Kalamazoo, where she taught in the MFA and PhD program of Western Michigan University. Gordon is considered to be an important writer, whose literary works have been recognized and highlighted at Michigan State University in their Michigan Writers Series, she is author of the underground fantasy classic Shamp of the City-Solo. Her fourth novel, Lord of Misrule, published by McPherson & Co. won the 2010 National Book Award for Fiction. Shamp of the City-Solo The Rose of the West The Bend, The Lip, The Kid Private T. Pigeon's Tale Circumspections from an Equestrian Statue She Drove Without Stopping Bogeywoman Lord of Misrule Gargoyle Magazine: An Interview with Jaimy Gordon WMU Press Release Jaimy Gordon Faculty Page 2010 National Book Award Finalist, Fiction Western Michigan University professor Jaimy Gordon named National Book Award finalist 2011 radio interview at The Bat Segundo Show A Surprise Nomination, a Publisher's Quandary
SS Benjamin Harrison was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Benjamin Harrison, an American planter and merchant, a revolutionary leader, a Founding Father of the United States, he received his higher education at the College of William and Mary and was a representative to the Virginia House of Burgesses for Surry County and Charles City County. He was a Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1777, served on the committee which wrote the Model Treaty, signed the United States Declaration of Independence during the Second Continental Congress. Harrison served as Virginia's fifth governor, from 1781 to 1784, his direct descendants include two presidents: his son William Henry Harrison and his great-grandson Benjamin Harrison. Benjamin Harrison was laid down on 27 September 1941, under a Maritime Commission contract, MCE hull 26, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Maryland, she was allocated to Calmar Steamship Corporation, on 13 March 1942.
She was loaded with stores for Allied forces in North Africa and sailed from Hampton Roads on 4 March 1943, with Convoy UGS 6. At 20:51, on 16 March 1943, she was struck by two torpedoes fired by German submarine U-172, part of Wolfpack Unverzagt, during the only successful wolfpack attack on the trans-Atlantic UG convoy. Benjamin Harrison was struck in the #5 hold on the starboard side and began to settle, but did not sink quickly; as the crew began to abandon ship, confusion caused the two of the lifeboats to be improperly launched, allowing the occupants to be dropped into the ocean. Only one lifeboat was launched due to the last boat being damaged in the torpedo attack. Two officers and an Armed guard perished; the escort ship Rowan scuttled Benjamin Harrison at 21:30, with gunfire, 150 mi east northeast of Terceira, near 39°09′N 24°15′W. Rohwer, J. and Hummelchen, G. Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945 Naval Institute Press 1992 ISBN 1-55750-105-X Hague, Arnold The Allied Convoy System 1939–1945 Naval Institute Press 2000 ISBN 1-55750-019-3
Kelly Perkins is an American heart transplant recipient known for climbing mountains to inspire others and promote organ donation. She has set world records as the first heart transplant recipient to scale the most famous mountains in the world. Perkins has selected peaks of many famous mountains, with both personal and cause related significance, since her heart transplant operation in 1995. A good example is her climb of El Capitan in Yosemite Park, with its natural heart shaped cut-out, where she was quoted as saying, "We thought, how great would that be to climb straight through the heart of El Capitan... in a symbolic way we are tugging on the heart strings of people to be educated about organ donation". Some of the mountains Perkins has climbed since her heart transplant operation are: Half Dome, California, USA, 1996 Mt. Whitney, California, USA, 1997 Mount Fuji, Japan, 1998 Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, 2001 Matterhorn, Switzerland, 2003 Aspiring, National Park, New Zealand, 2005 El Capitan, California, USA, 2005 Cajon de Arenales, Argentina, 2007 Half Dome, California, USA, 2008 Teton Range, Wyoming 2009 Perkins and her husband Craig founded HydraCoach, Inc. in 1999 that helps athletes, medical professionals and health/diet conscious individuals adhere to their personal hydration needs, a problem Perkins experienced during one of her climbs.
Perkins memoir, "The Climb of My Life," details her life before her heart transplant operation, her work and mountain climbs since. Publishers Weekly wrote "Perkins's engaging tale provides valuable inspiration for others struggling to return to an active life after a dire illness." The former president of the American Heart Association, Dr. Donald Harrison, said Perkins' biography is "a gripping story" that "many will enjoy... patients and friends who are experiencing the ravages of heart disease--giving them hope. Profile of Perkins from USA Today by the Associated Press. Dr. Oz program interview Interview on ABC News' Good Morning America Now. Interview on DarynKagan.com by Daryn Kagan Gayle King interviews Perkins and her husband Craig on Oprah & Friends New York Times interview with Perkins Feature in MSN Lifestyle section "10 Amazing Women" Oprah Selects Favorite books and "must haves" from Oprah Winfrey programs Interview by Vicki St. Clair interview with Perkins about her book. "Both Sides" Column 2008 profile about Perkins' inspiring life President's Council on Physical Fitness Associated Press Profile of Perkins after 2001 Mount Kilimanjaro climb Associated Press profile of Perkins after 1997 Mount Whitney climb
Inside Information is a 1939 American drama film. Directed by Charles Lamont, the film stars Dick Foran, Harry Carey, June Lang, it was released on June 2, 1939. During production, the working title of the film was Metropolitan Police. Dick Foran as Danny Blake Harry Carey as Captain Bill Dugan June Lang as Kathleen Burke Mary Carlisle as Crystal Addison Richards as Banford, aka Max Stockton Joe Sawyer as Grazzi Grant Richards as Charles Bixby Selmer Jackson as Huxley Paul McVey as Crawford Frederick Burton as Commissioner Fenton Inside Information on IMDb Inside Information at the TCM Movie Database