Randolph County, Georgia
Randolph County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the US state of Georgia and is considered part of the Black Belt an area of plantations. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,719, less than half its peak population in 1910, when there were numerous agricultural workers; the county seat is Cuthbert. Randolph County was created on December 20, 1828, named after the Virginia planter and politician, John Randolph, he was honored as the namesake of present-day Jasper County but, because of his opposition to U. S. entry into the War of 1812, the Georgia General Assembly changed the county name in December 10, 1812. John Randolph's reputation was restored. In 1828, the General Assembly organized the current Randolph County in the west of the state. Most of the historic tribe of Muscogee people were forced from the area to Indian Territory during Indian Removal. Lumpkin, Georgia was the original county seat, it was within the portion of Randolph County, reassigned in 1830 to form Stewart County, Lumpkin was designated as the latter's county seat.
This area is considered part of the Black Belt, upland areas across the Deep South that were developed in the 19th century as plantations after invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable. Enslaved Blacks made up the vast majority of workers on the plantations, with hundreds of thousands being transported through the domestic slave trade from the coast and Upper South. After the American Civil War, many freedmen and their descendants continued to work on plantations in the county and region, comprising the majority of county population until the 1930s. Like other areas of the rural South, workers in Randolph County lost jobs due to mechanization, invasion of the boll weevil, the decline in agriculture. In the 20th century, many black families moved from the county to cities in the North and Midwest for work and less oppressive conditions during the Great Migration. But, the rural counties of the Black Belt continue to have substantial African-American populations.
Agriculture has been industrialized and depends on few workers. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles, of which 428 square miles is land and 2.6 square miles is water. More than half of Randolph County east of U. S. Route 27, is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the northwestern portion of the county, from just south of Cuthbert north, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin; the southwestern corner, centered on Coleman, is located in the Lower Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin. Stewart County – north Webster County – northeast Terrell County – east Calhoun County – southeast Clay County – southwest Quitman County – west As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,719 people, 3,187 households, 2,011 families residing in the county; the population density was 18.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,153 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 61.8% black or African American, 36.6% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of European-American ancestry, 11.7% identified as English, 8.1% were Irish, 2.4% were American. Of the 3,187 households, 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 42.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $26,194 and the median income for a family was $29,800. Males had a median income of $21,313 versus $23,542 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,632. About 23.7% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.2% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,791 people, 2,909 households, 1,972 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 3,402 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 59.47% Black or African American, 38.94% White, 0.35% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,909 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.90% were married couples living together, 22.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.20. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,004, the median income for a family was $30,278. Males had a median income of $27,033 versus $20,394 for females; the per capita income for the county was $11,809. About 22.00% of families and 27.70% of the po
Wilkes County, Georgia
Wilkes County is a county located in the east central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,593; the county seat is the city of Washington. Referred to as "Washington-Wilkes", the county seat and county are treated as a single entity by locals, including the area's historical society and the Chamber of Commerce, it is part of the Central Savannah River Area. Wilkes County, named for British politician and supporter of American independence, John Wilkes, is considered Georgia's first county established by European Americans; the other seven counties were organized from existing colonial parishes. Wilkes was unique in being land ceded in 1773 by the Creek and Cherokee nations in their respective Treaties of Augusta, it is located in the Piedmont above the fall line on the Savannah River. Between 1790 and 1854, Wilkes County's area was reduced as it was divided to organize new counties as population increased in the area; the Georgia legislature formed the counties of Elbert and Lincoln from portions of Wilkes County.
Wilkes contributed part of the lands used in the creation of Madison, Taliaferro, Hart, McDuffie, Greene Counties. Wilkes County was the site of one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in Georgia. During the Battle of Kettle Creek in 1779, the American Patriot forces were victorious over British Loyalists. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, colonists used enslaved African Americans to clear land, cultivate plantations, process cotton in this area. Long-staple cotton would not grow in this area and short-staple cotton required much labor to process. In 1793, Mount Pleasant, a cotton plantation east of Washington, was the site where Eli Whitney first perfected his revolutionary invention, the cotton gin, it allowed mechanization of processing of short-staple cotton, making its cultivation profitable in the upland areas. As a result, there was a dramatic increase in the development of new cotton plantations throughout the Deep South to cultivate short-staple cotton.
Settlers increased pressure on the federal government to remove Native Americans, including the Five Civilized Tribes from the Southeast. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. Production of short-staple in the Deep South soon superseded long-staple cotton, grown on the Sea Islands and in the Low Country; such expansion increased the demand for slave labor in the Deep South, resulting in a longstanding domestic slave trade that transported more than a million slaves in forced migrations to the Upper South. King Cotton brought great wealth to many planters in the decades before the Civil War. None of the battles of the American Civil War was fought near Wilkes County, but it was here, on the site of the present Wilkes County Courthouse in Washington, that President Jefferson Davis met for the final time with the Confederate Cabinet. They dissolved the government of the Confederate States of America. Wilkes County was the last-known location of the gold rumored to have been lost from the Confederate Treasury.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles, of which 469 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. The northern quarter of Wilkes County, in a curved line from Rayle through Tignall to the northeastern corner of the county, is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin; the eastern portion of the county, from Washington east, bordered to the north and west by the Broad River sub-basin, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The rest of the county, south of Washington, is located in the Little River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. Elbert County Lincoln County McDuffie County Warren County Taliaferro County Oglethorpe County As of the census of 2000, there were 10,687 people, 4,314 households, 2,968 families residing in the county; the population density was 23 people per square mile. There were 5,022 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 55.12% White, 43.05% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races.
1.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,314 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.20% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,644, the median income for a family was $36,219. Males had a median income of $27,355 versus $21,298 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,020.
About 13.00% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.20% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,593 people, 4,263 households, 2,841 families residing in the county; the populat
United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of the Senate; the Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D. C.. Both senators and representatives are chosen through direct election, though vacancies in the Senate may be filled by a gubernatorial appointment. Congress has 535 voting members: 100 senators; the House of Representatives has six non-voting members representing Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the U. S. Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia in addition to its 435 voting members. Although they cannot vote in the full house, these members can address the house and vote in congressional committees, introduce legislation; the members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms representing the people of a single constituency, known as a "district". Congressional districts are apportioned to states by population using the United States Census results, provided that each state has at least one congressional representative.
Each state, regardless of population or size, has two senators. There are 100 senators representing the 50 states; each senator is elected at-large in their state for a six-year term, with terms staggered, so every two years one-third of the Senate is up for election. To be eligible for election, a candidate must be aged at least 25 or 30, have been a citizen of the United States for seven or nine years, be an inhabitant of the state which they represent; the Congress was created by the Constitution of the United States and first met in 1789, replacing in its legislative function the Congress of the Confederation. Although not mandated, in practice since the 19th century, Congress members are affiliated with the Republican Party or with the Democratic Party and only with a third party or independents. Article One of the United States Constitution states, "All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."
The House and Senate are equal partners in the legislative process—legislation cannot be enacted without the consent of both chambers. However, the Constitution grants each chamber some unique powers; the Senate ratifies treaties and approves presidential appointments while the House initiates revenue-raising bills. The House initiates impeachment cases. A two-thirds vote of the Senate is required before an impeached person can be forcibly removed from office; the term Congress can refer to a particular meeting of the legislature. A Congress covers two years; the Congress ends on the third day of January of every odd-numbered year. Members of the Senate are referred to as senators. Scholar and representative Lee H. Hamilton asserted that the "historic mission of Congress has been to maintain freedom" and insisted it was a "driving force in American government" and a "remarkably resilient institution". Congress is the "heart and soul of our democracy", according to this view though legislators achieve the prestige or name recognition of presidents or Supreme Court justices.
One analyst argues that it is not a reactive institution but has played an active role in shaping government policy and is extraordinarily sensitive to public pressure. Several academics described Congress: Congress reflects us in all our strengths and all our weaknesses, it reflects our regional idiosyncrasies, our ethnic and racial diversity, our multitude of professions, our shadings of opinion on everything from the value of war to the war over values. Congress is the government's most representative body... Congress is charged with reconciling our many points of view on the great public policy issues of the day. Congress is changing and is in flux. In recent times, the American south and west have gained House seats according to demographic changes recorded by the census and includes more minorities and women although both groups are still underrepresented. While power balances among the different parts of government continue to change, the internal structure of Congress is important to understand along with its interactions with so-called intermediary institutions such as political parties, civic associations, interest groups, the mass media.
The Congress of the United States serves two distinct purposes that overlap: local representation to the federal government of a congressional district by representatives and a state's at-large representation to the federal government by senators. Most incumbents seek re-election, their historical likelihood of winning subsequent elections exceeds 90 percent; the historical records of the House of Representatives and the Senate are maintained by the Center for Legislative Archives, a part of the National Archives and Records Administration. Congress is directly responsible for the governing of the District of Columbia, the current seat of the federal government; the First Continental Congress was a gathering of representatives from twelve of the thirteen British Colonies in North America. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, referring to the new nation as the "United States of America"; the Articles of Confederation in 1781 created the Congress of the Confederation, a
Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U. S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-most populous U. S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U. S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis; the Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, served as temporary U. S. capital while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a railroad hub; the city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans; the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$445 billion in 2017, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outdoor murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States; the city is known for its arts, culture and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent US$6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has emerged as a biotechnology hub. Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, is the home of many U. S. firsts, including the first library, medical school, national capital, stock exchange and business school. Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.
The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015, as the first World Heritage City in the United States. Although Philadelphia is undergoing gentrification, the city maintains mitigation strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods. Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon; the Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government. They are called Delaware Indians, their historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Most Lenape were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases smallpox, violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois people fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River basin; the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them further west.
In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin, in their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River opposite the Schuylkill River in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey; the Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina and spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area.
The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, named after a town in Finland with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a
16th United States Congress
The Sixteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1819, to March 4, 1821, during the third and fourth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority. A "speech for Buncombe County, North Carolina" given by North Carolina representative Felix Walker in 1820 was credited with introducing into the language the term "bunkum". March 6, 1819: McCulloch v. Maryland: Supreme Court ruled that the Bank of the United States is constitutional. July 3, 1820: United States House of Representatives elections, 1820 began in Louisiana August 7, 1820: 1820 United States Census conducted determining a population of 9,638,453, of which 1,538,022 were slaves. December 3, 1820: U.
S. presidential election, 1820: James Monroe was re-elected unopposed. March 6, 1820: Missouri Compromise, Sess. 1, ch. 22, 3 Stat. 545 April 24, 1820: Land Act of 1820, Sess. 1, ch. 51, 3 Stat. 566 Tallmadge Amendment would bar slaves from the new state of Missouri. Passed the House of Representatives, but not the Senate; the Tallmadge Amendment led to the passage of the Missouri Compromise. February 22, 1819: Adams-Onís Treaty: Spain ceded Florida to the United States. July 4, 1819: Arkansas Territory was created, 3 Stat. 493. It was part of the Missouri Territory. December 14, 1819: Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state, 3 Stat. 492. March 15, 1820: Maine was admitted as the 23rd state, it was the District of Maine, part of Massachusetts, 3 Stat. 544. The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. During this congress, two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Maine.
During this congress, one House seat was added for the new state of Alabama and one seat was reapportioned from Massachusetts to the new state of Maine. For the beginning of the next congress, six more seats from Massachusetts would be reapportioned to Maine. President: Daniel D. Tompkins President pro tempore: James Barbour, until December 26, 1819 John Gaillard, elected January 25, 1820 Speaker: Henry Clay, until October 28, 1820 John Taylor, elected November 15, 1820 This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class and Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1820; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.
There were 5 resignations, 2 deaths, 2 vacancies before the Congress, 4 new seats. The Democratic-Republicans had a 7-seat net gain and the Federalists had a 1-seat net loss. There were 13 resignations, 5 deaths, 2 contested elections, 2 new seats; the Democratic-Republicans had a 1-seat net gain and the Federalists had no net change. Lists of committees and their party leaders. Amendments to the Constitution American Colonization Society Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Claims Commerce and Manufactures Constitution of the State of Alabama District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Indian Affairs Judiciary Land Commissioner Reports Military Affairs Militia Missouri's Admission to the Union Naval Affairs Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Public Buildings Public Lands Purchase of Fire Engines Reduction of Congressional Salaries Roads and Canals Whole Accounts Agriculture Apportionment of Representatives Army Appropriations Inquiry Bank of the United States Brownstown Treaty Claims Commerce District of Columbia Elections Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Manufactures Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims Post Office and Post Roads Public Expenditures Public Lands Revisal and Unfinished Business Rules Standards of Official Conduct Ways and Means Whole Enrolled Bills Investigate Safety of Roofs over Senate and House Wings of the Capitol Architect of the Capitol: Charles Bulfinch, appointed January 8, 1818 Librarian of Congress: George Watterston Chaplain: Reuben Post, elected December 9, 1819 William Ryland, elected November 17, 1820 Secretary: Charles Cutts Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly Chaplain: Burgess Allison, elected December 6, 1819 John N. Campbell, elected November 18, 1820 Clerk: Thomas Dougherty, elected December 6, 1819 Doorkeeper of the House: Thomas Claxton, elected December 6, 1819 Reading Clerks: Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn, elected December 6, 1819 United States elections, 1818 United States Senate elections, 1818 and 1819 United States House of Representatives elections, 1818 United States elections, 1820
Georgia's at-large congressional district
From 1793 to 1827 and again from 1829 to 1845, Georgia elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member at-large congressional district. From 1793 to 1803 Georgia elected 2 Representatives at large. From 1803 to 1813 Georgia elected 4 Representatives at large. From 1813 to 1823 Georgia elected 6 Representatives at large. From 1823 to 1826 and again from 1829 to 1833 Georgia elected 7 Representatives at large. From 1833 to 1843 Georgia elected 9 Representatives at large. From 1843 to 1845 Georgia elected 8 Representatives at large. From 1883 to 1885, Georgia elected one of its representatives at large, with the remainder being elected from districts; the at-large district was created in 1793 from district representation. Election results and OurCampaigns.com Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Louisa County, Virginia
Louisa County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,153; the county seat is Louisa. Prior to colonial settlement, the area comprising Louisa County was occupied by several indigenous peoples including the Tutelo, the Monacan, the Manahoac peoples, who fled to join the Cayuga Iroquois people in New York state under pressure from English settlers. Louisa County was established in 1742 from Hanover County; the county is named for Princess Louise of Great Britain, youngest daughter of King George II, wife of King Frederick V of Denmark. Patrick Henry lived for some time in Louisa County on Roundabout Creek in 1764. Henry was being mentored at that time by the Louisa County magnate Thomas Johnson the representative of Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. In 1765, Patrick Henry won his first election to represent Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. At the end of the eighteenth century and in the early nineteenth century, numerous free mixed-race families migrated together from here to Kentucky, where neighbors began to identify them as Melungeon.
The Virginia Central Railroad was completed through Louisa County in 1838–1840. During the Civil War, it was an important supply line for the Confederate armies; as a result, several significant cavalry actions took place in the county one fought at Trevilians in 1864. The Twin Oaks Community is one of the country's oldest secular communes, established by its first eight members in 1967; this was part of a national movement among numerous young people to "get back to the land" and live in more simple ways based in community. Louisa is home to the Acorn Community, a rural, income sharing community on about 80 acres, founded in 1993 by one of the founding members of Twin Oaks, Kat Kincade. Another newly forming community as of 2011 is the Living Energy Farm, a'neo-Amish' farm, where no fossil fuels will be used but new technologies such as solar will be embraced. Louisa is becoming a hub of cooperative rural communities. Lake Anna, a 13,000-acre artificial lake, the associated North Anna Nuclear Generating Station were built by Virginia Power in the 1970s.
In recent years the predominantly rural county has grown because of retirees' settling near Lake Anna, because of its convenient location for commuters. It is an hour's drive or less from Richmond and Charlottesville. For a discussion and additional information on Louisa County history, see: Louisa County Historical Notes; the U. S. Geological Survey reported that a magnitude 5.8 earthquake hit Virginia on Tuesday, August 23, 2011 at 1:51 PM EST. The quake occurred at an approximate depth of 3.7 miles and was centered in Louisa County, 5 miles SSW of Mineral and 38 miles NW of Richmond. According to Associated Press, "Shaking was felt at the White House and all over the East Coast, as far south as Charleston, S. C. Parts of the Pentagon, White House and Capitol were evacuated." It was felt in parts of Canada. Damage totals in Louisa County totaled over $70 million: $57.5 million in damages to public school structures $11.5 million in damages to residential structures $400,000 in damages to religious structures $400,000 in damages to commercial structures $500,000 in damages to government structures According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Orange County – north Spotsylvania County – northeast Hanover County – east Goochland County – south Fluvanna County – southwest Albemarle County – west I-64 US 15 US 33 US 250 US 522 SR 22 SR 208 SR 231 As of the census of 2000, there were 25,627 people, 9,945 households, 7,259 families residing in the county; the population density was 52 people per square mile. There were 11,855 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 50.96% White, 46.58% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,945 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families.
22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,402, the median income for a family was $44,722. Males had a median income of $31,764 versus $24,826 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,479. About 7.10% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over. Although the county's 2008 population is only 31,000, it is one of the fastest-growing in Virginia, as people have moved near Lake Anna.
At least 15 new housing developments have sprouted in five years. Louisa Mineral Blue Ridge Shores Green Springs Historic District Jerdone Castle Lake Anna Twin Oaks Community, arguably America's most successful secular commune, is located in Louisa County. Acorn Community another income sharing community in the county, which runs the suc