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William of Durham

William of Durham is said to have founded University College, England. He most came from Sedgefield, County Durham and was educated at Wearmouth monastery and in Paris, France. William of Durham was archbishop-elect of Rouen in Normandy, France. When, in 1229, riots broke out in Paris, he may have been the leader of a group of students who migrated from that city to Oxford, but this tradition is not attested to by contemporary sources. What is more certain is that he held several rich benefices in England and died in Rouen, in 1249, he left 310 marks, a large amount of money, in his will to be invested in rents that would support scholars in Oxford. This benefaction resulted in one of the first of the Oxford colleges. Subsequently, this foundation took the name of University College. University College, Oxford now has a William of Durham Club for old members leaving a legacy to the College. "William of Durham". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900


Ganguro is a fashion trend among young Japanese women that started in the mid-1990s, distinguished by a dark tan and contrasting make-up liberally applied by fashionistas. The Shibuya and Ikebukuro districts of Tokyo were the centres of ganguro fashion. Ganguro instead tanned their skin, bleached their hair and used a lot of colourful makeup in unusual ways. Ganguro has a connection to Japanese folklore of ghosts and demons who are depicted with a similar appearance such as those in kabuki and noh costumes; this connection is further underlined by the off-shoot style yamanba, named after a mountain witch in Japanese folklore. The ganguro trend reached its peak by the latter half of the decade; the ganguro trend faded out afterwards, although its influence can be observed in yamanba and manba styles. Ganguro appeared as a new fashion style in Japan in the early 1990s and was prevalent among young women. In ganguro fashion, a deep tan is combined with hair dyed in shades of orange to blonde, or a silver grey known as "high bleached".

Black ink is used as eye-liner and white concealer is used as lipstick and eyeshadow. False eyelashes, plastic facial gems, pearl powder are added to this. Platform shoes and brightly coloured outfits complete the ganguro look. Typical of ganguro fashion are tie-dyed sarongs, stickers on the face, many bracelets and necklaces. Ganguro falls into the larger subculture of gyaru, a slang term used for various groups of young women referring to overly childish women. Researchers in the field of Japanese studies believe that ganguro is a form of revenge against traditional Japanese society due to resentment of neglect and constraint of Japanese society; this is their attempt at individuality, self-expression, freedom, in open defiance of school standards and regulations. Ganguro can be used to describe gals, with a tan, lightened hair and some brand clothing. Fashion magazines like Egg and Ageha have had a direct influence on the ganguro. Other popular ganguro magazines include Ego System; the ganguro culture is linked with para para, a Japanese dance style.

However, most para para dancers are not ganguro, most ganguro are not para para dancers, though there are many who are ganguro or gal and dance para para. One of the most famous early ganguro girls was known as Buriteri, nicknamed after the black soy sauce used to flavor yellowtail fish in teriyaki cooking. Egg made her a star by featuring her in its pages during the height of the ganguro craze. After modelling and advertising for the Shibuya tanning salon "Blacky", social pressure and negative press convinced Buriteri to retire from the ganguro lifestyle. Yamanba and manba are styles. Old school yamanba and manba featured dark tans and white lipstick, pastel eye make-up, tiny metallic or glittery adhesives below the eyes, brightly coloured circle lenses, plastic dayglo-coloured clothing, incongruous accessories, such as Hawaiian leis. Stickers on the face died out shortly after 2004 and, for a while, yamanba died. Manba became more extreme, with multicoloured and synthetic hair. Manba in 2008 saw a darker tan, no facial stickers.

Hair was neon/bright colours, with pink being a favourite. Wool emulating dreadlocks and clips were worn to make hair appear longer. Clothing remained the same. Yamanba and manba are distinct from one another. Yamanba involves white make-up only above the eye. Stuffed animals, bracelets and hibiscus flowers are worn; the male equivalent is called a "Center guy", a pun on the name of a popular pedestrian shopping street near Shibuya Station in Tokyo called Center Gai センター街. Ganguro practitioners say that the term derives from the phrase ganganguro or "gangankuro"; the word ganguro can be translated as "burn-black look", "dark tanning" or "black-face". The term yamanba derives from Yama-uba, the name of a mountain hag in Japanese folklore whom the fashion is thought to resemble. AV idol Burusera Cosplay restaurant Gals! Gyaru Host and hostess clubs JK business Kawaii Kogal Maid café Panchira Peach Girl Zettai ryōiki Sun tanning The Ganguro Effect "British followers of Japanese fashion"—BBC World Service article

Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City

Tropicana Atlantic City is a casino hotel located on the beach and Boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is owned by Gaming and Leisure Properties and operated by Eldorado Resorts, is one of the largest hotels in New Jersey, with just under 2,400 guest rooms and the 200,000-square-foot shopping and entertainment complex, The Quarter, it has over 25 restaurants, 25 shops, 20 bars and lounges, 4 pools, the Tropicana Showroom, an IMAX Theatre and a spa. In 2018, Tropicana completed over $200 million in renovations and additions, including a Multimedia Light and Sound Show, the addition of AtlantiCare LifeCenter Fitness, Garces restaurants, renovations to over 900 hotel rooms, casino floor; the Ambassador Hotel, designed by Warren & Wetmore was built at a cost of $4 million. It contained 400 rooms, was soon expanded with a second tower adding another 400 rooms in 1921. On June 18, 1922, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his friend Harry Houdini met at the hotel, for Doyle's spiritualist wife Anna to contact Houdini's late mother in a seance.

Although Anna transcribed pages of notes from her, Houdini revealed that his mother did not speak English, claimed Doyle's wife was a fraud, ended his friendship with Conan Doyle. In 1929, the Ambassador was the site of the infamous Atlantic City Conference, in which a number of organized crime bosses, including Al Capone, Meyer Lansky and Lucky Luciano, negotiated their territorial rights after a wave of violence. In 1931, as Philadelphia gangster Mickey Duffy slept in the hotel, he was shot and killed by assailants who were never caught; the incident was dramatized in the series Boardwalk Empire, with a character called Mieczyslaw "Mickey Doyle" Kuzik. The hotel closed in the 1970s. In 1978, Ramada purchased the derelict Ambassador Hotel building for $35 million, planning to renovate the property and convert it at a further cost of $70 million into The Phoenix, a 549-room hotel and 60,000-square-foot casino with amenities including a 1,200-seat theater and a 1,000-seat ballroom, they planned an additional newly built 1000-room hotel adjacent, should The Phoenix be successful.

Executives at Ramada were forced to alter their plans when their design was denied by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission and Governor Brendan Byrne, as both did not want casino operators doing "patch and paint" jobs, instead they preferred the companies building new properties from the ground up. Ramada was ordered to demolish the former hotel and start from the ground up, but the company threatened to appeal the decision in court as Resorts International, the Claridge Casino and Caesars Boardwalk Regency had all been allowed to open in existing structures. An agreement was reached to only reuse the steel framework of the old Ambassador building and construction began in October 1979. After Ramada bought the Tropicana Resort & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip in December 1979 for $70 million, company officials decided to call their new East Coast property Tropicana Atlantic City, as the Tropicana name was well known in the casino industry. Tropicana Atlantic City opened on November 23, 1981, with 521 guest rooms and a large casino.

In May 1985 a 1700-seat showroom was added with Wayne Newton serving as the opening act. Other acts have included Patti Labelle, Jay Leno, Dionne Warwick, The Smothers Brothers, Tom Jones and Tony Bennett. In 1988 the property underwent an expansion with another tower being added as well as the addition of an indoor amusement center called Tivoli Pier; the resort was renamed Entertainment Resort. In 1989, Ramada hotels split their gaming properties into the Aztar Corporation, the new division focused much of its projects on the Atlantic City property, which led to the eventual sale of the Las Vegas Tropicana. Aztar constructed a new 604-room hotel tower as well as renovations to the existing rooms and casino space in 1995 and 1996. Tivoli Pier was closed during the casino expansions to make way for a new poker and horse racing simulcast area. With the closing of the amusement area, the resort was renamed Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City. Aztar followed this expansion with another one in 2003 and 2004 that added a 502-room tower, a 2,400-space parking garage, 22,000 square feet of meeting and convention space, The Quarter at Tropicana, a shopping mall designed in an old Havana theme.

The goal of this project was to turn the Tropicana into an integrated casino resort reminiscent of the megaresorts built in Las Vegas during the 1990s, to compete with the Borgata, another Las Vegas megaresort-style casino opened in the city in 2003. In May 2005, the Aztar Corporation was acquired by Columbia Sussex for $2.75 billion. The New Jersey Casino Control Commission granted Columbia Sussex an Interim Authorization to operate the resort on November 3, 2006; the acquisition concluded in January 2007 with the Aztar properties being merged into Columbia Sussex's gaming subsidiary, renamed Tropicana Entertainment LLC. In the first four months after the acquisition, Columbia Sussex reduced the number of employees at the Tropicana by 15 percent. On November 20, 2007, the New Jersey Casino Control Commission initiated hearings for the renewal of the casino license of Tropicana and whether its parent companies, Adamar of New Jersey and Columbia Sussex, were suitable to hold a casino license.

On December 12, 2007, the Casino Control Commission denied the application of renewal for Tropicana. The commission cited the management's "abysmal" regulatory compliance as well as a "lack of business ability... financial responsibility... and a lack of good character and integrity." The property was placed under the control of a trustee, former New Jersey State Supreme Court Justice Gary Stein, until it

Sierra del Sueve

The Sierra del Sueve is a limestone massif located close to the coast in the east-central area of Asturias, Spain. It is a northern foothill of the Cantabrian Mountains; the range is located in the municipalities of northeast Caravia, Colunga in the northwest, Piloña, Parres and Ribadesella to the east and south. The Sierra del Sueve is calcareous. In the westernmost section, shales and sandstone form smooth river valleys that contrast with the eastern section, dominated by quartzite. In the central section, the limestone range is the main relief. Sinkhole karst are a dominant geomorphological feature in the Sierra del Sueve. There are two adjacent ranges, the Sueve whose highest peak is the Picu Pienzu at 1,161 metres above sea level, the El Fito, a small mountain, with a peak of the same name; these consist of limestone and quartzite. The climate is rainy, with mild temperatures due to the proximity to the sea. At the summit, fog is abundant due to the sea effects. Wind is common; the area is a protected landscape that includes with the coast.

Covering an area of 210 square kilometres, it is divided between the municipalities of Caravia, Parres, Piloña, Ribadesella. The Sueve Range includes a Regional Hunting Reserve within its limits, its proximity to the sea adds to its ecological value. Farming and mountain grazing areas for cows, sheep and ponies are part of the landscape. Though Sierra del Sueve manifests a high degree of deforestation, it retains some remnants of forest. La Biescona is a beech forest in the northern area of the range close to the coast where there are clumps of chestnut trees and the remains of pine and eucalyptus reforestation, scattered between areas of shrubland and meadows; the most notable forested area is at the northern end where the trees are clumped and dominated by holly groves and espinera while containing other species such as ash, birch, hazel, yew, Wild Pear and brush. Lastly, at the base of the mountain on its north side, there is a microclimate and an enclave of ferns whose distribution in such a non-tropical area makes them rare, not only in Asturias but throughout Europe.

In the populated shores, ferns are present as helechilla and estando ambas. Wildlife includes fox, wild boar, feral pigs, roe deer, the Asturian horse breed of Asturcon. Asturias, found in the high mountains of Sierra del Sueve are rare species with black or bay colour but without any white pigmentation, it is a small breed that does not trot but moves with an easy gait, leading to its popularity as a "ladies' mount". The Romans called this breed “asturcones”; this breed, facing extinction, has been protected by breed associations for further breeding. The deer species of Dama dama, reintroduced in the 1960s for hunting adopted well to the region and their population had to be controlled. However, efforts to introduce male deer, the stag, were not successful and they moved away to other places in the eastern areas near Fito. Vertebrate fauna are a species of special concern. Present here are the Alpine chough, the golden eagle, cave bats and reptiles such as the mountain lizard. Birds of prey include the a threatened species.

Sierra del Sueve can be accessed by road from Infiesto and Colunga by the AS-258. The viewpoint at the peak of Fitu provides excellent vistas of the shallow coastal zone from Caravia to Villaviciosa. Hiking and mountaineering are favoured in the range. There are routes. An Interpretation Center of the Sierra del Sueve was established in April 2007 by the City of Colunga to guide visitors on visit the sea and mountains. Official website Walking in Northern Spain - Sierra del Sueve, Asturias

Bruce Walker (American football)

Bruce Romell Walker was an American football defensive tackle who played one season in the National Football League for the New England Patriots. He was selected by the Philadelphia Eagles in the second round of the 1994 NFL Draft after playing college football for the UCLA Bruins, he was released by the Eagles prior to the start of the 1994 season, was a member of the Patriots in 1994 and 1995. He played for the Frankfurt Galaxy of NFL Europe in 1997. Walker was an All American running back and linebacker at Dominguez high school where he earned honors of parade All American, All USA Today and Gatorade circle of champions Player of the year for California and the Pacific region, his senior year, he rushed for over 1,500 yards, 15 touchdowns and recorded over 150 tackles and 15 sacks on defense. He was considered the number one high school recruit in the nation in 1990. At 6'4 240 he was the second legon the school 4x100 relay team and ran a personal best of 21.9 in the 200 meters. Bruce started as a true freshman for UCLA as a defensive lineman after showing up to campus a little over weight.

He played three years. Standout games were Arizona state where he recorded 15 solo tackles and two sacks from the nose guard position earning pac-10 player of the week and followed up again against Oregon state with a repeated performance 12 solo tackles earning player of the week again. Bruce held the bench press record of 507 lbs. Walker was selected by the Philadelphia Eagles in the second round of the 1994 NFL Draft, he was released on August 28, 1994. Bruce was picked up by the New England Patriots where he played two seasons and started 5 games. San Diego Chargers picked Bruce up in 1998 and 1999 where he was plagued with injuries which prevented him from making the team. Walker was selected by the Frankfurt Galaxy in the sixteenth round of the 1997 World League Draft. Bruce played two seasons with the Galaxy leading them to the world bowl in 1998

Pennsylvania Route 989

Pennsylvania Route 989 is a 15.10-mile-long state highway in north-western Beaver County, Pennsylvania. The southern terminus is at Pennsylvania Route 65 in Ambridge, the northern terminus is at Pennsylvania Route 68 in Unionville. PA 989 begins at an intersection with PA 65 in Ambridge, heading east on two-lane undivided 8th Street; the route passes through residential areas. The road passes more homes before heading into a mix of residences and businesses with some industry. PA 989 splits from Duss Avenue by turning east onto 24th Street, running past more residences as it forms the border between Ambridge to the south and Harmony Township to the north; the route enters Harmony Township, becoming Breitenstein Road as it winds east through wooded areas with some residences. The road becomes Ridge Road Extension, curving to the north. PA 989 continues through forested areas of homes. Farther north, the road heads into a mix of farms and woods, where it makes a curve to the northeast; the route heads into rural residential areas turning northwest onto Conway Wallrose Road before heading north onto Dunlap Hill Road.

PA 989 passes near a couple housing developments before leaving Economy for New Sewickley Township and becoming an unnamed road. Here, the route continues north through a mix of woodland with a few residences. After passing through several miles of rural areas, PA 989 comes to a bridge over the Pennsylvania Turnpike before the route turns northwest onto Glen Eden Road. Here, the road heads through areas of farms and homes, running a short distance to the north of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. PA 989 comes to its northern terminus at an intersection with PA 68 near the community of Unionville; the entire route is in Beaver County. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal