History of the Washington Senators (1901–1960)
The Washington Senators baseball team was one of the American League's eight charter franchises. Now known as the Minnesota Twins, the club was founded in Washington, D. C. in 1901 as the Washington Senators. In 1905, the team changed its official name to the Washington Nationals; the name "Nationals" appeared on the uniforms for only two seasons, was replaced with the "W" logo for the next 52 years. However, the names "Senators", "Nationals" and shorter "Nats" were used interchangeably by fans and media for the next sixty years. For a time, from 1911 to 1933, the Senators were one of the more successful franchises in Major League Baseball; the team's rosters included Baseball Hall of Fame members Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Joe Cronin, Bucky Harris, Heinie Manush and one of the greatest players and pitchers of all time, Walter Johnson. But the Senators are remembered more for their many years of mediocrity and futility, including six last-place finishes in the 1940s and 1950s. Joe Judge, Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers and Eddie Yost were other notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success.
When the American League declared itself a major league in 1901, the new league moved the previous minor league circuit Western League's Kansas City franchise to Washington, a city, abandoned by the older National League a year earlier. The new Washington club, like the old one, was called the "Senators"; the Senators began their history as a losing team, at times so inept that San Francisco Chronicle columnist Charley Dryden famously joked, "Washington: First in war, first in peace, last in the American League," a play on the famous line in Henry Lee III's eulogy for President George Washington as "First in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen". The 1904 Senators lost 113 games, the next season the team's owners, trying for a fresh start, changed the team's name to the "Nationals". However, the "Senators" name remained used by fans and journalists — in fact, the two names were used interchangeably — although "Nats" remained the team's nickname; the Senators name was restored in 1956.
The club continued to lose, despite the addition of a talented 19-year-old pitcher named Walter Johnson in 1907. Raised in rural Kansas, Johnson was a tall, lanky man with long arms who, using a leisurely windup and unusual sidearm delivery, threw the ball faster than anyone had seen. Johnson's breakout year was 1910, when he struck out 313 batters, posted an earned-run average of 1.36 and won 25 games for a losing ball club. Over his 21-year Hall of Fame career, nicknamed the "Big Train", won 417 games and struck out 3,508 batters, a major-league record that stood for more than 50 years. In 1911, the Senators' wooden ballpark burned to the ground, they replaced it with a modern concrete-and-steel structure on the same location. First called National Park, it was renamed Griffith Stadium, after the man, named Washington manager in 1912 and whose name became synonymous with the ball club: Clark Griffith. A star pitcher with the National League's Chicago Colts in the 1890s, Griffith jumped to the AL in 1901 and became a successful manager with the Chicago White Sox and New York Highlanders.
Walter Johnson blossomed in 1911 with 25 victories, although the Senators still finished the season in seventh place. In 1912, the Senators improved as their pitching staff led the league in team earned run average and in strikeouts. Johnson won 33 games while teammate Bob Groom added another 24 wins to help the Senators finish the season in second place behind the Boston Red Sox; the Senators continued to perform respectably in 1913 with Johnson posting a career-high 35 victories, as the team once again finished in second place, this time to the Philadelphia Athletics. Starting in 1916, the Senators settled back into mediocrity. Griffith, frustrated with the owners' penny-pinching, bought a controlling interest in the team in 1920 and stepped down as field manager a year to focus on his duties as team president. In 1924, Griffith named 27-year-old second baseman Bucky Harris player-manager. Led by the hitting of Goose Goslin and Sam Rice, a solid pitching staff headlined by the 36-year-old Johnson, the Senators captured their first American League pennant, two games ahead of Babe Ruth and the New York Yankees.
The Senators faced John McGraw's favored New York Giants in the 1924 World Series. Despite Johnson losing both of his starts, the Senators kept pace to tie the Series at three games apiece and force Game 7; the Senators trailed the Giants 3-1 in the eighth inning of Game 7, when Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play. In the ninth inning with the game tied, 3–3, Harris brought in an aging Johnson to pitch on just one day of rest – he had been the losing pitcher in Game 5. Johnson held. In the bottom of the twelfth inning, Muddy Ruel hit a high foul ball near home plate; the Giants' catcher, Hank Gowdy, dropped his protective face mask to field the ball but, failing to toss the mask aside, stumbled over it and dropped the ball, thus giving Ruel another chance to bat. On the next pitch, Ruel hit a double and proceeded to score the winning run when Earl McNeely hit a ground ball that took another bad hop over Lindstrom's head.
It was the only World Series triumph for the franchise during their 60-year tenure in Washington
Dorchester County, Maryland
Dorchester County is a county located in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,618, its county seat is Cambridge. The county was named for the Earl of Dorset, a family friend of the Calverts. Dorchester County comprises the Cambridge, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area, it is located on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Dorchester County is the largest county on the Eastern Shore, it is bordered by the Choptank River to the north, Talbot County to the northwest, Caroline County to the northeast, Wicomico County to the southeast, Sussex County, Delaware, to the east, the Chesapeake Bay to the west. Dorchester County uses the slogan, "The Heart of Chesapeake Country," due to its geographical location and the heart-like shape of the county on a map. Many residents of Dorchester County have made their living as farmers or working on the water; the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries provide harvests of crabs and many fish species to both commercial and recreational fisherman.
Dorchester County, Maryland was the birthplace of Harriet Tubman, who escaped from slavery and afterward worked to guide other refugee slaves to freedom in the North. Dorchester County has been hit by two deadly tornadoes; the first one occurred on June 23, 1944 in Cambridge, where 2 people were killed and 33 were injured. The other was on May 1984 in Hurlock, where one death and 6 injuries were reported. Both storms caused between 5 million dollars in damage. Dorchester County operates under the Charter Home Rule form of government, the affairs of the County are managed by five County Council Members; each is elected from a single-member district defined within the county. Meetings of the County Council are held weekly; the agenda and the minutes of each week’s proceedings are public record. The white population of Dorchester has voted conservatively. Along with rock-ribbed Unionist Garrett County, located in Appalachia, its white majority was one of only two Maryland counties to vote for Barry Goldwater in 1964.
During the following election, Dorchester was the only county in the state where segregationist George Wallace outpolled either Nixon or Humphrey. In the late 20th century, white conservatives in the South shifted from the Democratic to the Republican Party. Since the only Democratic presidential nominee to carry Dorchester County was southern native son Bill Clinton in 1996; the county has trended less conservative in recent years, with Democrat Barack Obama coming within five percentage points of beating Mitt Romney in the presidential election 2012. In earlier times, unlike secessionist Wicomico, Queen Anne’s and Cecil counties, Dorchester was a swing county in the late 19th century due to the voting power of its freedman population, who supported the Republican Party; the conservative whites voted Democratic for William Jennings Bryan in 1908, after Maryland had passed laws raising barriers to voter registration among blacks, resulting in a dramatic drop in their voting until after passage of civil rights legislation in the 1960s.
The county is policed by the Dorchester County Sheriff's Office, the Maryland State Police, the DNR Police. The DSO is a full service agency headed by Sheriff James W. Phillips Jr. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 983 square miles, of which 541 square miles is land and 442 square miles is water, it is the largest county in Maryland by total area. Caroline County Sussex County, Delaware Talbot County Somerset County Saint Mary's County Wicomico County Calvert County Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 30,674 people, 12,706 households, 8,500 families residing in the county; the population density was 55 people per square mile. There were 14,681 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 69.45% White, 28.39% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.89% from two or more races. 1.26 % of the population was Latino of any race.
20.1 % were of 12.7 % English, 9.8 % German and 8.2 % Irish ancestry. There were 12,706 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.10% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.86. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,077, the median income for a family was $41,917. Males had a median income of $29,014 versus $22,284 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,929.
13.80% of the population and 10.10% of families were below the poverty line. 18.10% of those under the age of 18 and 14.20% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,618 people, 13,522 households, 8,894 families residing in the county; the population density was 60.3 inha
Church Creek, Maryland
Church Creek is a town in Dorchester County, United States, part of the state's Eastern Shore. The population was 125 at the 2010 census. Church Creek is about 6 mi south of Cambridge. Old Trinity Church is located here. An Anglican brick church built in 1675, it is the oldest church building in the US in continuous ecclesiastical use and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Church Creek is located at 38°30′19″N 76°9′16″W; the town is located at the head of a tributary of the Little Choptank River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.34 square miles, all of it land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Church Creek has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 125 people, 59 households, 37 families residing in the town. The population density was 367.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 67 housing units at an average density of 197.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 89.6% White, 6.4% African American, 0.8% from other races, 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population. There were 59 households of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.3% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.65. The median age in the town was 47.8 years. 16% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 44.8% male and 55.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 85 people, 41 households, 25 families residing in the town; the population density was 271.4 people per square mile. There were 45 housing units at an average density of 143.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White. There were 41 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.69. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 1.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,750, the median income for a family was $26,875. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $16,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,700. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.
The exact origins of Church Creek remain unclear. Popular tradition maintains that Church Creek predates Cambridge, Maryland as the earliest settlement in Dorchester County, was first established at some point before 1684 under the name Dorchester Town and White Haven; this has been disputed by historian Elias Jones, who found no indication of land sales in the area before 1700 in County Land Records. Both the town and river of Church Creek derive their name from the nearby Episcopal church, now known as Old Trinity Church, built c. 1675. In 1867, Church Creek became the forty-second Incorporated town in Maryland, remains one of the 123 such towns today. In 1975, the town adopted its first municipal tax in order to qualify for state tax grants and federal revenue-sharing; the first major industry in Church Creek was shipbuilding, established at some point before 1767, which took advantage of surrounding forests plentiful with white oak and pine. As a result, the population of the town grew during the 19th centuries.
The 1860 census recorded 218 families and 1,103, of which 51 percent were occupied as "laborers" and 26 percent occupied as "farmers". Toward the end of the 19th century, regional deforestation resulted in a downturn in the wooden shipbuilding industry; this adversely affected the industrial prosperity of Church Creek, the population subsequently declined. The economy of Church Creek has benefited from human traffic due to the town's location at the crossroads of Taylor's Island Road and Church Creek-Golden Hill Road. During the first half of the twentieth century, the residents of Church Creek maintained eight or nine general stores, but during the second half of the 20th century, the town's economy and population continued to decline. According to the United States Census Records, the town contained 187 people in 1950, down to 115 in 1990. Following the American Civil War, Church Creek was an early site for education of African Americans; the state passed the Public Instruction Act of 1865 to earmark public funds for the education of African-American students.
But white-dominated Maryland county and city school boards refused to distribute the allocated money for the building and maintenance of African-American schools in the segregated system. Instead, private organizations, such as the northern American Missionary Association, spearheaded the raising and allocation of money throughout Marylan
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Area codes 410, 443, and 667
Area codes 410, 443, 667 are telephone area codes serving the eastern half of the U. S. state of Maryland, including the Baltimore metropolitan area and the Eastern Shore. The 410 area code is the main area code, while the 667 codes are overlay codes. 443 and 667 were used with cell phones and CLEC carriers such as Comcast or Cavalier Telephone when introduced but have since become universal in their carrier availability. Before these area codes were created, all of Maryland had been served by 301 since the institution of area codes in 1947 though the state is home to two large metropolitan areas—Baltimore and the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D. C.. This made Maryland one of the most-populous states to be served by a single area code. However, by the late 1980s, 301 was on the verge of exhaustion due to the rapid growth of the Baltimore and Washington suburbs, as well as the proliferation of fax machines and pagers; the number shortage problem was exacerbated by the use of 202 as a de facto overlay for the entire Washington metro area.
Every number assigned on the Maryland side of the metro, as well as in northern Virginia's area code 703, was given a "hidden" number in 202, making it possible to complete a call within the metro area with only seven digits. One consequence of this was that a central office prefix could only be duplicated in areas considered to be at a safe distance from the Washington area. Thus, if a 202-574 number was in use in the District or a 703-574 number was in use in northern Virginia, the corresponding 301-574 number could only be assigned in the Eastern Shore; the partial overlay ended in 1990, but it soon became apparent that this would not free up enough numbers to meet demand. The supply of available numbers was further limited by the fact that most of the Maryland side of the Washington area shares an LATA with northern Virginia and the District itself. By the fall of 1990, it was apparent that there was no way to stave off the immediate need for a new area code in Maryland. In November 1990, a plan to add a second area code to the state was announced.
It was decided that the Baltimore metropolitan area and the Eastern Shore would get the new area code, area code 410, while western and southern Maryland—including the Washington suburbs—would remain with the 301 area code. Because the bulk of Maryland's population resides in the Washington suburbs, this area retained the existing area code. Additionally, Bell Atlantic, the largest carrier in the region, wanted to spare the large number of federal agencies on the Maryland side of the Washington metro the expense and burden of having to change their numbers. Area code 410 entered service on October 6, 1991; the split followed metro lines. However, parts of Anne Arundel, Carroll and Howard counties were split between area codes 301 and 410. Effective November 1, 1991, ten-digit dialing was required when calling a different area code in Maryland. Although the split was intended to be a long-term solution, within five years 410 was close to exhaustion due to the area's rapid growth and the proliferation of cell phones and pagers.
To solve this problem, area code 443 was overlaid onto the 410 territory on July 1, 1997. Overlays were a new concept at the time, had met with some resistance due to the prospect of different area codes in the same area as well as the requirement for ten-digit dialing; however with 410 running out of numbers, the Eastern Shore was not nearly large enough for its own area code. In any event, a split would have forced its residents to change their numbers for the second time in a decade. By 2011, the 410/443 area was once again running out of numbers due to the continued proliferation of cell phones. To prevent residents from having to change their phone numbers to a new area code, a third overlay, area code 667, was implemented on March 24, 2012; this had the effect of assigning 24 million numbers to just over four million people. The counties served by these area codes include: NANPA Area Code Map of Maryland List of cities covered and exchanges from Area-Codes.com, 410 Area Code List of cities covered and exchanges from Area-Codes.com, 443 Area Code
Taylors Island, Maryland
Taylors Island is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Dorchester County, United States, in the state's Eastern Shore region. The population was 173 at the 2010 census, it is known for hunting and fishing. Ridgeton Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. Bethlehem Methodist Episcopal Church and Grace Episcopal Church Complex were listed in 1979. Taylors Island is in western Dorchester County on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, it is separated from the mainland on the east by Slaughter Creek. Maryland Route 16 leads northeast from Taylors Island 16 miles to Cambridge, the Dorchester County seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Taylors Island CDP occupies the central and western parts of the island; the CDP has a total area of 4.2 square miles, of which 0.47 %, is water. Taylors Island Wildlife Management Area https://web.archive.org/web/20070702165414/http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/eastern/taylorsislandmap.html