Gallatin County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Gallatin County Courthouse is a government building in Shawneetown, the county seat of Gallatin County, United States. Built in 1939, it is at least the third Shawneetown building to serve as the county courthouse, but the only one following Shawneetown's complete relocation to avoid flooding on the Ohio River. Gallatin County's first settler, Michael Sprinkle, established himself circa 1800 at the site of Shawneetown. Other houses were first built at the site in 1804, the town prospered because of its proximity to the Great Salt Spring. By this time, Gallatin County was two years old, having been established by territorial governor Ninian Edwards in a September 1812 proclamation; the county court first met in May 1813. Land was donated for courthouse construction in late 1815, but a state law ordered the county seat's removal to Equality in 1827. Shawneetown again sought the county seat title twenty years and a contentious election ensued. A permanent courthouse was erected in Shawneetown in 1857, two stories tall with a tower topping the facade.
From its earliest years, Shawneetown suffered from Ohio River floods, among the worst being those of 1832, 1847, 1853, 1858, but the devastation of the flood of 1859 convinced local residents of the necessity of some means of flood control. The following years saw several levees constructed, each of, destroyed by a flood and replaced with a larger and firmer structure. However, nothing could compare with the Great Flood of 1937: the city was so profoundly affected by that year's floods, which struck in January, that by February the city fathers were determined to relocate the entire city out of the floodplain. State aid was given to purchase land in the center of the county, the two-year process of building a new planned community began by July; the courthouse at "Old" Shawneetown was destroyed, assistance from the WPA enabled the 1939 completion of the new courthouse in the center of "New" Shawneetown. The 1939 Art Deco courthouse remains in use by the Gallatin County government. Built of brick, it features a seven-part facade: three recessed sections of glass block, with an entrance in the center section, are separated by wide pilasters, while a brick section forms the ends of each side of the facade.
The roof rises to a gable with an shallow slope, being nearly flat
Richard J. Daley Center
The Richard J. Daley Center known by its open courtyard Daley Plaza and named after longtime mayor Richard J. Daley, is the premier civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois managed by MB Real Estate; the Center houses offices and courtrooms for the Cook County Circuit Courts. It is adjacent to the Chicago City County Building. Situated on Randolph and Washington Streets between Dearborn and Clark Streets, the Richard J. Daley Center is considered one of Chicago's architectural highlights; the main building was designed in the International Style by Jacques Brownson of the firm C. F. Murphy Associates and completed in 1965. At the time it was the tallest building in Chicago, but only held this title for four years until the John Hancock Center was completed. Known as the Chicago Civic Center, the building was renamed for Mayor Daley on December 27, 1976, seven days after his death; the 648-foot, thirty-one story building features a self-weathering steel. Cor-Ten was designed to rust strengthening the structure and giving the building its distinctive red and brown color.
The Daley Center has 30 floors, is the tallest flat-roofed building in the world with fewer than 40 stories. The Richard J. Daley Center houses more than 120 court and hearing rooms as well as the Cook County Law Library, offices of the Clerk of the Circuit Court, certain court-related divisions of the Sheriff's Department; the building houses office space for both the city and Cook County, of which the City of Chicago is its seat of government. The windows are cor-ten bronze/white tinted. Daley Plaza is the courtyard adjacent to the building, occupying the southern half of the block occupied by the building; the plaza is dominated by an untitled Cor-ten steel 50-foot sculpture by Pablo Picasso. Completed in 1967, it was a gift to the City of Chicago from the artist. Though controversial for its abstract form, it became a Chicago landmark; the plaza features an in-ground fountain and an eternal flame memorial to the dead from World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. The plaza serves as a location for many civic functions including weekly farmers' markets in the summer, regular ethnic festivals, the meeting place for Chicago's Critical Mass ride.
The plaza was used extensively in the climactic scenes of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers. The interior of the building, as well as the plaza, the Picasso, the neighboring James R. Thompson Center are featured in the 1993 film The Fugitive. While filming the movie The Dark Knight, instead of using the Chicago Board of Trade Building as the location for the headquarters of Wayne Enterprises as in Batman Begins, film director Christopher Nolan used the Richard J. Daley Center. Mercury Records, which at one time had its headquarters in Chicago, used a photo of the Daley Center as its record label on many of its vinyl record releases in the 1970s. Farhad Khoiee-Abbasi, a public protester, is a frequent fixture at the northwest corner of the plaza, near City Hall. Khoiee-Abbasi has been photographed here many times, with his well-dressed appearance, his odd signs, his general refusal to speak or acknowledge those around him making him a minor celebrity. Adjacent to the Richard J. Daley Plaza is the landmark Chicago City Hall.
Declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it houses offices for the Mayor of Chicago, aldermen of Chicago's various wards and chambers for the Chicago City Council. Directly south of the Daley Center is the Cook County Administration Building, full of office space for County employees. Block 37 containing 108 North State Street is to the east. Chicago architecture List of buildings List of skyscrapers List of tallest buildings in Chicago List of tallest buildings in the United States World's tallest structure City of Chicago Cook County Richard J. Daley Center on Emporis Daley Plaza Eternal Flame
Saline County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Saline County Courthouse is a government building in Harrisburg, the county seat of Saline County, United States. Built in 1967, it is the fifth courthouse to serve the third in Harrisburg; the first land purchase in present-day Saline County occurred late in 1814, at a time when the nearby Illinois Salines in today's Gallatin County were still providing the majority of the area's income. The area was part of Gallatin County, within which it remained until 1847. County officials began to meet in October 1847, by the year's end, a county seat had been platted and named "Raleigh"; because Raleigh lies in far northern Saline County, in 1853 southern residents platted a new town, Harrisburg, on high ground near the Saline River. County voters narrowly supported moving the seat in an 1857 election, although a court battle delayed the move for two years, the community did not incorporate until 1861. By the end of 1848, Saline County's first courthouse was complete. With the transfer of county seat status to Harrisburg, plans for a new courthouse were laid beginning in early 1859, the third courthouse opened around New Year's, 1861.
It was a portico on the facade. It was removed in 1904 in order to construct a larger courthouse, three stories high with an attached clock tower, this building in turn was removed in 1967 to permit the completion of the current courthouse. Unlike the artistic previous courthouses, the current and fifth courthouse is a plain Modernist structure with windowless brick walls and a recessed main entrance atop a shallow flight of stairs. Saline County website
Douglas County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Douglas County Courthouse is a government building in Tuscola, the county seat of Douglas County, United States. Completed in 1913, it is the third courthouse in the history of Douglas County. Douglas County's first pioneers arrived in 1829, although occasional squatters had been present beforehand; the widespread prairies were deemed a barrier to early settlement, so the population of the area remained low into the 1850s, Douglas County was formed in 1859. The bill providing for the creation of the county permitted an April 1859 public vote on the location of the seat, candidate communities included Tuscola, Arcola and Hackett's Grove; the county court annulled this vote, due to gross electoral fraud, only after a second vote one month could the seat's assignment to Tuscola be settled. The county's first court session was held in an Illinois Central depot, sessions in two different commercial buildings, including one rented by the county recorder; the initial purpose-built courthouse was a small wooden building, erected at private expense.
Construction began in 1864 on the second courthouse, a two-story brick building with sheriff's house and jail in the basement. O. L. Kinney, the Chicago architect responsible for the design, projected a $15,000 cost, but the final cost amounted to nearly three times that estimate. Further costs appeared on an annual basis, due to numerous problems that required expensive maintenance, the placement of the jail inside the courthouse was deemed unsafe to use; the current courthouse was built in its place over a two-year period, beginning in 1911 and being completed in 1913. A stone Neoclassical structure with a three-part facade featuring Ionic columns in the center, it cost $170,000 to complete. Douglas County website Record from the Illinois Historic Sites Survey
Clinton County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Clinton County Courthouse is a government building in Carlyle, the county seat of Clinton County, United States. Built in 1999, this new structure is the county's third courthouse; the major territorial road from Shawneetown to Kaskaskia was constructed in 1808, settlers soon began to take advantage of improved transportation by claiming lands near the road. Squatters began arriving in 1809, but the advance of civilization was retarded by the depredations of Indian bands, only after the end of the War of 1812 could settlement occur on a more widespread basis. Carlyle's foundation predated the war. Clinton County has never experienced a county seat war, as Carlyle has been the seat since the county's establishment in 1824. Clinton County's obscure first courthouse was used until the construction of a replacement in 1849; this was a two-story brick structure in the shape of the letter "I", with a three-bay central projection that included the main entrance and side rooms. Built of brick with corner pilasters, it was covered with a mansard roof supported by brackets under the eaves.
Its arches were placed over each of the windows, most of which were single, although the doorways sat under larger double windows, a triangular dormer window was placed in a small tower over the entrance. This building remained in use until 1997, after which Clinton County functioned without a courthouse for two years, its replacement, the current structure, was completed in 1999 under the direction of Phillips Swager Associates and Kuhlmann Design Group. A central glass section rises from ground to roof, broken only by the belt course between the second and third stories. Clinton County website Postcards of previous and current courthouses
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Crawford County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Crawford County Courthouse is a government building in Robinson, the county seat of Crawford County, United States. Completed in 1895, it is the second courthouse built in Robinson and the fifth in the county's history. Crawford County's first settler is reputed to have been one Lamotte, only the first of many Frenchmen who migrated west from Vincennes, Indiana, he was followed by several anglophone families who founded Palestine circa 1809. The legislature of the Illinois Territory created Crawford County in 1816,and the new county's courts began meeting near Palestine in 1817. Palestine remained the county seat until 1843, when Robinson won a referendum on the location question. Three separate buildings were constructed as courthouses in Palestine; the first was a brick building constructed by local brick masons in 1819, but it was built of poor material, three lightning strikes left it so badly damaged that the county was forced to abandon it. After a period of renting rooms elsewhere in the town, the county arranged for a frame courthouse to be built in 1830, but it was never occupied, as it was arsoned on the night before the county courts were to start using it.
In its place, a brick building was constructed in 1832. After occupying two houses in Robinson, the county built a brick courthouse in 1844 at a cost of $4,200. Despite several expansions over the years, it became insufficient by the 1880s, it remained in use for more than a decade. The current Crawford County Courthouse was constructed in 1895 and 1896, featuring Romanesque Revival elements such as rounded archways, small round turrets with peaked roofs, a square bell tower at the center of the building. A raised stone foundation permits light to enter the basement, stone belt courses separate the brickwork of each storey. A pitched roof sat above two stories of brick walls and rose to a flat section surrounding the tower; the building retained this form for only a few years, as it was wracked by fire on March 28, 1899. The basic plan was saved, but after a few years, county officials removed the tower and the turret peaks and installed a flat roof. Today, the building retains much of this form, including the triple Romanesque entryway, although a third story has been constructed atop the original two.
Crawford County website Image gallery