Rosemary Ann Harris is an English actress. She is a 1986 American Theatre Hall of Fame inductee. Harris began her stage career in 1948, before making her Broadway debut in 1952. For her New York stage work, she is a four-time Drama Desk Award winner and nine-time Tony Award nominee, winning the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play in 1966 for The Lion in Winter. On television, she won an Emmy Award for the 1974 TV serial Notorious Woman, a Golden Globe Award for the 1978 miniseries Holocaust. For the 1994 film Tom & Viv, she received a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award nomination, she is the mother of actress Jennifer Ehle. Harris was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, the daughter of Enid Maude Frances and Stafford Berkely Harris. One of her grandmothers was Romanian, her father was in the Royal Air Force and as a result, Harris' family lived in India during her childhood. She attended convent schools, studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art from 1951 to 1952. Early in her acting career, she gained experience in English repertory theatre.
In 1948, she acted in Kiss and Tell at Eastbourne with Tilsa Page and John Clark and with Anthony Cundell's company at Penzance, where she played the mother in Black Chiffon. She went from Penzance to train at RADA, she first appeared in New York in 1951 in Moss Hart's Climate of Eden, returned to Britain for her West End debut in The Seven Year Itch which ran for a year at the Aldwich. Harris entered a classical acting period in productions with the Bristol Old Vic and the Old Vic, appearing at the latter as Ophelia in the National Theatre Company's opening production of Hamlet in October 1963, alongside Peter O'Toole in the title role. Writing in UK newspaper The Guardian in 2003 as part of a series on landmark theatre productions, playwright Samantha Ellis noted of the National Theatre's opening night: Her first film followed, Beau Brummell with Stewart Granger and Elizabeth Taylor, a touring season with the Old Vic brought her back to Broadway in Tyrone Guthrie's production of Troilus and Cressida.
She met Ellis Rabb. By 1959, the Association of Producing Artist was established, she and Rabb were married on 4 December of that year. In 1962, she returned to Britain and Chichester Festival Theatre during its opening season when the director was Laurence Olivier. In 1964, she was Ophelia to Peter O'Toole's Hamlet in the inaugural production of the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain. Returning to New York, she worked further with the APA, was cast as Eleanor of Aquitaine in The Lion in Winter, a performance that garnered her a Tony Award in 1966. Rabb directed her one last time as Natasha in War and Peace in 1967, the same year they agreed to divorce. A little while Harris married the American writer John Ehle, they settled in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, where their daughter, was born in 1969. Jennifer Ehle followed in her mother's footsteps by becoming a noted film and Broadway actress. In 1974, Harris starred in the BBC TV serial Notorious Woman, which aired on PBS in the US as part of Masterpiece Theatre.
For this role, she won the 1976 Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series. She won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – TV Drama for the 1978 NBC miniseries Holocaust, which starred Meryl Streep. Reviewing the BBC's 1983 production of To the Lighthouse, an adaptation of Virginia Woolf's novel of the same name, The New York Times' John J. O'Connor wrote: "A luminous, flawless performance by Miss Harris makes Mrs. Ramsay as memorable on film as she is on the printed page." She received a Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination for the 1994 film Viv. Harris and her daughter Ehle, played the young and elderly incarnations of the same character in István Szabó's 1999 film Sunshine, about a Hungarian Jewish family, they had played the young and old Calypso in the Channel 4 production of The Camomile Lawn. Harris appeared in the rotating cast of the Off-Broadway staged reading of Wisdom. In 2007, she received the North Carolina Award for fine arts, her husband, John Ehle, won the same award in 1972 for literature.
In 2002, she appeared as Aunt May Parker in the first film adaptation of Spider-Man, reprising the role in the sequels Spider-Man 2 and Spider-Man 3. On 11 September 2018, a week before her 91st birthday, Harris took over the role of Mrs Higgins in the Broadway revival of My Fair Lady from Diana Rigg. Academy Award BAFTA Awards Gotham Awards Critics Choice Film Awards National Board of Review Primetime Emmy Award Golden Globe Awards Tony Awards Drama Desk Award Laurence Olivier Award Obie Award Rosemary Harris on IMDb Rosemary Harris at the Internet Broadway Database Rosemary Harris at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Presenting Rosemary Harris website: articles and images Rosemary Harris – Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org
Christopher D'Olier Reeve was an American actor who played DC comic book superhero Superman, beginning with the acclaimed Superman, for which he won a BAFTA Award. Reeve appeared in other critically acclaimed films such as The Bostonians, Street Smart and The Remains of the Day, he received a Screen Actors Guild Award and a Golden Globe Award nomination for his performance in the television remake of Rear Window. On May 27, 1995, Reeve was left quadriplegic after being thrown from a horse during an equestrian competition in Culpeper, Virginia, he needed a portable ventilator to breathe for the rest of his life. He lobbied on behalf of people with spinal cord injuries and for human embryonic stem cell research, founding the Christopher Reeve Foundation and co-founding the Reeve-Irvine Research Center. Christopher D'Olier Reeve was born on September 25, 1952, in New York City, the son of Barbara Pitney Lamb, a journalist, Franklin D'Olier Reeve, a teacher, novelist and scholar. Reeve was of entirely English ancestry, with many family lines, in America since the early 17th century.
His paternal grandfather, Colonel Richard Henry Reeve, had been the CEO of Prudential Financial for over 25 years. Reeve's father was a Princeton University graduate studying for a master's degree in Russian at Columbia University before the birth of his son, Christopher. Despite being born wealthy, Franklin Reeve spent summers working at the docks with longshoremen. Reeve's mother had been a student at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, but transferred to Barnard College to be closer to Franklin, whom she had met through a family connection, they had another son, born on October 6, 1953. Franklin and Barbara divorced in 1956, she moved with her two sons to Princeton, New Jersey, where they attended Nassau Street School; that year, Franklin Reeve married Helen Schmidinger, a Columbia University graduate student. Barbara Pitney Lamb married Tristam B. Johnson, a stockbroker, in 1959. Johnson enrolled Christopher and his brother, Benjamin, in Princeton Country Day School, which merged with Miss Fine's School for Girls to become the co-educational Princeton Day School.
Reeve excelled academically and onstage. The sportsmanship award at Princeton Day School's invitational hockey tournament was named in Reeve's honor. Reeve admitted that he put pressure on himself to act older than he was in order to gain his father's approval. Reeve found his passion for acting in 1962 at age nine when he was cast in an amateur version of the operetta The Yeomen of the Guard. In mid-1968, at age fifteen, Reeve was accepted as an apprentice at the Williamstown Theatre Festival in Williamstown, Massachusetts; the other apprentices were college students, but Reeve's older appearance and maturity helped him fit in with the others. In a workshop, he played a scene from A View from the Bridge, chosen to be presented in front of an audience. After the performance, actress Olympia Dukakis said to him, "I'm surprised. You've got a lot of talent. Don't mess it up." The next summer, Reeve was hired at the Harvard Summer Repertory Theater Company in Cambridge for $44 per week. He played a Russian sailor in The Belyayev in A Month in the Country.
Famed theater critic Elliot Norton called his performance as Belyayev "startlingly effective." The 23-year-old lead actress in the play, a Carnegie Mellon graduate, turned out to be Reeve's first romance. She was engaged to a fellow Carnegie Mellon graduate at the time. Reeve's romance with the actress fizzled a few months when the age difference became an issue. Reeve was involved with Scientology but opted out of becoming a member, he subsequently voiced criticism of the organization. After graduating from Princeton Day School in June 1970, Reeve acted in plays in Maine, he planned to go to New York City to find a career in theater. However, at the advice of his mother, he applied for college, he was accepted into Princeton University in New Jersey. Reeve said that he chose Cornell because it was distanced from New York City and because of the temptations of working as an actor versus finishing college, as he had promised his mother and step-father. Reeve joined the theater department in Cornell, played Pozzo in Waiting for Godot, Segismundo in Life Is a Dream, Hamlet in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, Polixenes in The Winter's Tale.
Late in his freshman year, Reeve received a letter from Stark Hesseltine, a high-powered New York City agent who had discovered Robert Redford and who represented actors such as Richard Chamberlain, Michael Douglas, Susan Sarandon. Hesseltine wanted to represent him. Reeve was excited and kept re-reading the letter to make sure of what it said. Reeve was anxious to get on with his career; the two met, but Reeve was surprised to find that Hesseltine supported his promise to his mother and step-father to complete college. They decided that instead of dropping out of school, Reeve would come to New York once a month to meet casting agents and producers to find wor
Frank A. Langella Jr. is an American stage and film actor. He has won four Tony Awards, two for Best Leading Actor in a Play for his performances as Richard Nixon in the play Frost/Nixon and as André in The Father and two for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performances in Edward Albee's Seascape and Ivan Turgenev's Fortune's Fool, his notable film roles include George Prager in Diary of a Mad Housewife, Count Dracula in Dracula, Skeletor in Masters of the Universe, Bob Alexander in Dave, William S. Paley in Good Night, Good Luck and Richard Nixon in the film production of Frost/Nixon, which earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor, he had a recurring role as Gabriel, the KGB handler for the lead characters, in the FX series The Americans between 2013 and 2017. Langella, an Italian American, was born January 1, 1938, in Bayonne, New Jersey, the son of Angelina and Frank A. Langella Sr. a business executive, the president of the Bayonne Barrel and Drum Company. Langella attended Bayonne High School in Bayonne.
After the family moved to South Orange, New Jersey, he graduated from Columbia High School, in the South Orange-Maplewood School District, in 1955, graduated from Syracuse University in 1959 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in drama. He remains a brother of the Alpha Chi Rho fraternity. Langella appeared off-Broadway before he made his first foray on a Broadway stage in New York in Federico García Lorca's Yerma at the Vivian Beaumont Theater, Lincoln Center, on December 8, 1966, he followed this role by appearing in William Gibson's A Cry of Players, playing a young fictionalized William Shakespeare, opposite Anne Bancroft at the same venue in 1968, won film fame in two 1970 films: Mel Brooks' The Twelve Chairs and Frank Perry's Diary of a Mad Housewife, being nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer for the latter. Langella won his first Tony Award for his performance in Edward Albee's Seascape in 1975 and was nominated again for what may have been the performance for which he was best known in the early part of his career: the title role of the 1977 Broadway production of Dracula.
Despite his initial misgivings about continuing to play the role, he was persuaded to star opposite Laurence Olivier in the subsequent film version directed by John Badham. He eschewed the career of a traditional film star by always making the stage the focal point of his career, appearing on Broadway in such plays as Strindberg's The Father and Fortune's Fool, for which he won a second Tony Award, but Langella would continue to juggle film and television with his stage work, playing Sherlock Holmes in a 1981 adaptation of William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes. He repeated the role on Broadway in 1987 in Charles Marowitz's play Sherlock's Last Case; that same year, Langella would portray the villain Skeletor in Masters of the Universe, which he has described as one of his favorite roles. In 1988, Langella co-starred in God Created Woman. In 1993, he made a three-episode appearance on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine as the devious Jaro Essa, he appeared as Al Baker in "Dominance", a 2003 episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and had a recurring role as Pino in the 2005 short-lived sitcom Kitchen Confidential.
In 2000, he played the role of Ebenezer Scrooge in a musical version of A Christmas Carol at Madison Square Garden. He has appeared in notable off-Broadway productions, including in the title role of Robert Kalfin's Chelsea Theater Center production of The Prince of Homburg, filmed by PBS for the Theatre in America series, he starred as Sir Thomas More in the 2008 Broadway revival of A Man for All Seasons. He was cast as Richard Nixon in Peter Morgan's play Frost/Nixon alongside Michael Sheen, which received enthusiastic reviews during a run at the Donmar Warehouse and Gielgud Theatre in London before moving to Broadway in New York's Bernard B. Jacobs Theater in April 2007, culminating in Langella's third Tony Award, he reprised the role of Nixon in the 2008 Oscar nominated Best Picture film Frost/Nixon, directed by Ron Howard. He received Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, BAFTA nominations for Best Actor for his performance, he was nominated for an Academy Award in the Best Actor category for the role, losing to Sean Penn's performance in Milk.
His film work includes roles in George Clooney's Good Night, Good Luck as former CBS chief executive William S. Paley for which he was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Ensemble Cast, he appeared in Bryan Singer's Superman Returns as Daily Planet editor Perry White. Langella received critical acclaim as well as the Boston Society of Film Critics Award in 2007 for his sensitive portrayal of an elderly novelist in Starting Out in the Evening. In late 2009, he starred in the Richard Kelly film The Box alongside James Marsden. In 2011, Langella starred in the drama thriller Unknown alongside Diane Kruger. In 2012, he earned critical praise for his role in the independent film Robot & Frank with Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine calling his performance "a masterclass in acting", he appeared in Captain Fantastic alongside Viggo Mortensen and was again nominated with the ensemble cast for the Screen Actors Guild Award. In October and November 2013, Langella played King Lear at the Minerva, Chichester Festival Theatre in Chichester, UK.
It travelled to the Harvey Theater at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in New York in 2014. In 2015, Langella joined the cast of FX's critically praised drama The American
George Richard Chamberlain is an American stage and screen actor and singer, who became a teen idol in the title role of the television show Dr. Kildare. Since he has appeared in several mini-series such as Shōgun and The Thorn Birds, many successful films such as The Bourne Identity being the first man to play Jason Bourne, he has performed classical stage roles and worked in musical theatre. Chamberlain was born in 1934 in Beverly Hills, the son of Elsa Winnifred and Charles Axiom Chamberlain, a salesman. In 1952, Chamberlain graduated from Beverly Hills High School and attended Pomona College. Chamberlain co-founded a Los Angeles–based theatre group, Company of Angels, began appearing in television series in the 1950s, he was cast as Lt. Dave Winslow in "Chicota Landing", a 1960 episode of the NBC western series, Riverboat. In the storyline, Juan Cortilla, a Mexican bandit played by Joe De Santis, is stormed from jail. Chamberlain, as United States Army Lieutenant Winslow, asks Grey Holden to transport Cortilla and his men to a military garrison.
Instead, Cortilla takes over Holden's vessel, the Enterprise, its gunpowder. Connie Hines appears with Chamberlain as Lucy Bridges, Ted de Corsia is cast as another bandit. Less than a year in 1961, Chamberlain gained widespread fame as the young intern, Dr. Kildare, in the NBC/MGM television series of the same name, co-starring with Raymond Massey. Chamberlain's singing ability led to some hit singles in the early 1960s, including the "Theme from Dr. Kildare" entitled "Three Stars Will Shine Tonight", which struck No. 10 according to the Billboard Hot 100 Charts. Dr. Kildare ended in 1966. In 1966, he was cast opposite Mary Tyler Moore in the ill-fated Broadway musical Breakfast at Tiffany's, co-starring Priscilla Lopez, after an out-of-town tryout period, closed after only four previews. Decades he returned to Broadway in revivals of My Fair Lady and The Sound of Music. At the end of the 1960s, Chamberlain spent a period of time in England where he played in repertory theatre and in the BBC's Portrait of a Lady adaptation, becoming recognized as a serious actor.
In 1969, he starred opposite Katharine Hepburn in the film The Madwoman of Chaillot. While in England, he took vocal coaching and in 1969 performed the title role in Hamlet for the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, becoming the first American to play the role there since John Barrymore in 1925, he received excellent notices and reprised the role for television in 1970 for the Hallmark Hall of Fame. In the 1970s, Chamberlain enjoyed success as a leading man in films: The Music Lovers, Lady Caroline Lamb, The Three Musketeers, The Lady's Not for Burning, The Towering Inferno, The Count of Monte Cristo. In The Slipper and the Rose, a musical version of the Cinderella story, co-starring Gemma Craven, he displayed his vocal talents. A television film, William Bast's The Man in the Iron Mask, followed; that same year, he starred in Peter Weir's film The Last Wave. Chamberlain appeared in several popular television mini-series, including Centennial, Shōgun, The Thorn Birds as Father Ralph de Bricassart with Rachel Ward and Barbara Stanwyck co-starring.
In the 1980s, he appeared as leading man with King Solomon's Mines opposite newcomer Sharon Stone, played Jason Bourne/David Webb in the television film version of The Bourne Identity. Since the 1990s, Chamberlain has appeared in television movies, on stage, as a guest star on such series as ABC's The Drew Carey Show and Will & Grace, he starred as Henry Higgins in the 1993–1994 Broadway revival of My Fair Lady. In the fall of 2005, Chamberlain appeared in the title role of Ebenezer Scrooge in the Broadway National Tour of Scrooge: The Musical. In 2006, Chamberlain guest-starred in an episode of the British drama series Hustle as well as season 4 of Nip/Tuck. In 2007, Chamberlain guest-starred in episode 80 of Desperate Housewives as Glen Wingfield, Lynette Scavo's stepfather. In 2008 and 2009, he appeared as King Arthur in the national tour of Monty Python's Spamalot. In 2010, he appeared as Archie Leach in season 3, episode 3 of the series Leverage, as well as two episodes of season 4 of Chuck where he played a villain known only as The Belgian.
Chamberlain has appeared in several episodes of Brothers & Sisters, playing an old friend and love-interest of Saul's. He appeared in the independent film We Are the Hartmans in 2011. In 2012, Chamberlain appeared on stage in the Pasadena Playhouse as Dr. Sloper in the play, The Heiress. Chamberlain was romantically involved with television actor Wesley Eure in the early 1970s. In 1977, he met actor-writer-producer Martin Rabbett; this led to a civil union in the state of Hawaii, where the couple resided from 1986 to 2010 and during which time Chamberlain adopted Rabbett to protect his future estate. Rabbett and Chamberlain starred together in, among others, Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold, in which they played brothers Allan and Robeson Quatermain. In the spring of 2010 Chamberlain returned to Los Angeles to pursue career opportunities, leaving Rabbett in Hawaii, at least temporarily. Chamberlain was outed as a gay man at the age of 55 by the French women's magazine Nous Deux in December 1989, but it was not until 2003 that he confirmed his homosexuality in h
Thomas Lanier Williams III, known by his pen name Tennessee Williams, was an American playwright. Along with contemporaries Eugene O'Neill and Arthur Miller, he is considered among the three foremost playwrights of 20th-century American drama. After years of obscurity, at age 33 he became famous with the success of The Glass Menagerie in New York City; this play reflected his own unhappy family background. It was the first of a string of successes, including A Streetcar Named Desire, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Sweet Bird of Youth. With his work, he attempted a new style that did not appeal to audiences. Increasing alcohol and drug dependence inhibited his creative expression, his drama A Streetcar Named Desire is numbered on short lists of the finest American plays of the 20th century alongside Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Much of Williams' most acclaimed work has been adapted for the cinema, he wrote short stories, essays and a volume of memoirs.
In 1979, four years before his death, Williams was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. Thomas Lanier Williams III was born in Columbus, Mississippi of English and Huguenot ancestry, the second child of Edwina Dakin and Cornelius Coffin "C. C." Williams. His father was a traveling shoe salesman who became alcoholic and was away from home, his mother, was the daughter of Rose O. Dakin, a music teacher, the Reverend Walter Dakin, an Episcopal priest from Illinois, assigned to a parish in Clarksdale, shortly after Williams' birth. Williams lived in his parsonage with his family for much of his early childhood and was close to his grandparents, he had two siblings, older sister Rose Isabel Williams and younger brother Walter Dakin Williams.. As a young child Williams nearly died from a case of diphtheria that left him weak and confined to his house during a period of recuperation that lasted a year. At least in part as a result of his illness, he was less robust. Cornelius Williams, a descendant of hearty East Tennessee pioneer stock, had a violent temper and was a man prone to use his fists.
He regarded. Edwina, locked in an unhappy marriage, focused her overbearing attention entirely on her frail young son. Many critics and historians note that Williams drew from his own dysfunctional family in much of his writing; when Williams was eight years old, his father was promoted to a job at the home office of the International Shoe Company in St. Louis, Missouri, his mother's continual search for what she considered to be an appropriate address, as well as his father's heavy drinking and loudly turbulent behavior, caused them to move numerous times around St. Louis. Williams attended a setting he referred to in his play The Glass Menagerie, he studied at University City High School. At age 16, Williams won third prize for an essay published in Smart Set, titled "Can a Good Wife Be a Good Sport?" A year his short story "The Vengeance of Nitocris" was published in the August 1928 issue of the magazine Weird Tales. That same year he first visited Europe with his maternal grandfather Dakin.
From 1929 to 1931, Williams attended the University of Missouri in Columbia where he enrolled in journalism classes. He distracted by unrequited love for a girl. Soon he began entering his poetry, essays and plays in writing contests, hoping to earn extra income, his first submitted play was Beauty followed by Hot Milk at Three in the Morning. As recognition for Beauty, a play about rebellion against religious upbringing, he became the first freshman to receive honorable mention in a writing competition. At University of Missouri, Williams joined the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, but he did not fit in well with his fraternity brothers. After he failed a military training course in his junior year, his father pulled him out of school and put him to work at the International Shoe Company factory. Although Williams hated the monotony, the job forced him out of the gentility of his upbringing, his dislike of his new 9-to-5 routine drove Williams to write prodigiously. He set a goal of writing one story a week.
Williams worked on weekends and late into the night. His mother recalled his intensity: Tom would go to his room with black coffee and cigarettes and I would hear the typewriter clicking away at night in the silent house; some mornings when I walked in to wake him for work, I would find him sprawled dressed across the bed, too tired to remove his clothes. Overworked and lacking further success with his writing, by his 24th birthday Williams had suffered a nervous breakdown and left his job, he drew from memories of this period, a particular factory co-worker, to create the character Stanley Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire. By the mid-1930s his mother separated from his father due to his worsening alcoholism and abusive temper, they never divorced. In 1936 Williams enrolled at Washington University in St. Louis where he wrote the play Vashya. In the autumn of 1937, he transferred to the University of Iowa, where he graduated with a B. A. in English in August 1938. He studied at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York City.
Speaking of his early days as a playwright and an early collaborative play called Cairo, Bombay!, Williams wrote, "The laughter... enchanted me. And there the theatre and I found each other for better and for worse. I know it's the only thing that saved my life
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. His career as a playwright produced four classics, his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov practiced as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."Chekhov renounced the theatre after the reception of The Seagull in 1896, but the play was revived to acclaim in 1898 by Konstantin Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre, which subsequently produced Chekhov's Uncle Vanya and premiered his last two plays, Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. These four works present a challenge to the acting ensemble as well as to audiences, because in place of conventional action Chekhov offers a "theatre of mood" and a "submerged life in the text".
Chekhov had at first written stories to earn money, but as his artistic ambition grew, he made formal innovations which have influenced the evolution of the modern short story. He made no apologies for the difficulties this posed to readers, insisting that the role of an artist was to ask questions, not to answer them. Anton Chekhov was born on the feast day of St. Anthony the Great 29 January 1860 in Taganrog, a port on the Sea of Azov in southern Russia, he was the third of six surviving children. His father, Pavel Yegorovich Chekhov, the son of a former serf and his Ukrainian wife, was from the village Olhovatka and ran a grocery store. A director of the parish choir, devout Orthodox Christian, physically abusive father, Pavel Chekhov has been seen by some historians as the model for his son's many portraits of hypocrisy. Chekhov's mother, was an excellent storyteller who entertained the children with tales of her travels with her cloth-merchant father all over Russia. "Our talents we got from our father," Chekhov remembered, "but our soul from our mother."
In adulthood, Chekhov criticised his brother Alexander's treatment of his wife and children by reminding him of Pavel's tyranny: "Let me ask you to recall that it was despotism and lying that ruined your mother's youth. Despotism and lying so mutilated our childhood that it's sickening and frightening to think about it. Remember the horror and disgust we felt in those times when Father threw a tantrum at dinner over too much salt in the soup and called Mother a fool."Chekhov attended the Greek School in Taganrog and the Taganrog Gymnasium, where he was kept down for a year at fifteen for failing an examination in Ancient Greek. He sang at the Greek Orthodox monastery in his father's choirs. In a letter of 1892, he used the word "suffering" to describe his childhood and recalled: When my brothers and I used to stand in the middle of the church and sing the trio "May my prayer be exalted", or "The Archangel's Voice", everyone looked at us with emotion and envied our parents, but we at that moment felt like little convicts.
In 1876, Chekhov's father was declared bankrupt after overextending his finances building a new house, having been cheated by a contractor named Mironov. To avoid debtor's prison he fled to Moscow, where his two eldest sons and Nikolay, were attending university; the family lived in poverty in Moscow. Chekhov was left behind to finish his education. Chekhov remained in Taganrog for three more years, boarding with a man by the name of Selivanov who, like Lopakhin in The Cherry Orchard, had bailed out the family for the price of their house. Chekhov had to pay for his own education, which he managed by private tutoring and selling goldfinches, selling short sketches to the newspapers, among other jobs, he sent every ruble he could spare to his family in Moscow, along with humorous letters to cheer them up. During this time, he read and analytically, including the works of Cervantes, Turgenev and Schopenhauer, wrote a full-length comic drama, which his brother Alexander dismissed as "an inexcusable though innocent fabrication."
Chekhov experienced a series of love affairs, one with the wife of a teacher. In 1879, Chekhov completed his schooling and joined his family in Moscow, having gained admission to the medical school at I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. Chekhov now assumed responsibility for the whole family. To support them and to pay his tuition fees, he wrote daily short, humorous sketches and vignettes of contemporary Russian life, many under pseudonyms such as "Antosha Chekhonte" and "Man without a Spleen", his prodigious output earned him a reputation as a satirical chronicler of Russian street life, by 1882 he was writing for Oskolki, owned by Nikolai Leykin, one of the leading publishers of the time. Chekhov's tone at this stage was harsher than that familiar from his mature fiction. In 1884, Chekhov qualified as a physician, which he considered his principal profession though he made little money from it and treated the poor free of charge. In 1884 and 1885, Chekhov found himself coughing blood, in 1886 the attacks worsened, but he would not admit his tuberculosis to his family or his friends.
He confessed to Leykin, "I am afraid to submit myself to be sounded by my colleagues." He continued writing for weekly periodicals, earning enough mon
Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti is an American actor and producer. He first garnered attention for his breakout role in Private Parts as Kenny "Pig Vomit" Rushton, which led to him playing more supporting roles such as Sergeant Hill in Saving Private Ryan, Bob Zmuda in Man on the Moon and John Maxwell in Big Momma's House, he won acclaim for his leading roles as Harvey Pekar in American Splendor, Miles Raymond in Sideways and Mike Flaherty in Win Win while continuing to play supporting roles, like Joe Gould in Cinderella Man, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Chief Inspector Uhl in The Illusionist, Karl Hertz in Shoot'Em Up, Nicholas "Nick" Claus in Fred Claus, Tom Duffy in The Ides of March, Theophilus Freeman in 12 Years a Slave, Ralph in Saving Mr. Banks, Eugene Landy in Love & Mercy, Dr. Lawrence Hayes in San Andreas and Jerry Heller in Straight Outta Compton, he played the titular character in the HBO miniseries John Adams, which earned him a Golden Globe Award, a Primetime Emmy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award.
He stars as U. S. Attorney Chuck Rhoades Jr. in the Showtime television series Billions. Giamatti was born June 6, 1967, in New Haven, the youngest of three children, his father, Angelo Bartlett Giamatti, was a Yale University professor who became president of the university and commissioner of Major League Baseball. His mother, Toni Marilyn Giamatti, was a homemaker and English teacher who taught at Hopkins School and had previously acted, his paternal grandfather's family were Italian emigrants from Telese Terme. The rest of Giamatti's ancestry is German, English, French and Scottish, his paternal grandmother had deep roots in New England. His brother, Marcus, is an actor. Giamatti was first educated at The Foote School and graduated from Choate Rosemary Hall in 1985, he attended Yale University. He was active in the undergraduate theater scene, working alongside fellow actors and Yale students Ron Livingston and Edward Norton, he graduated in 1989 with a bachelor's degree in English, went on to earn a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Yale School of Drama, where he studied with Earle R. Gister.
He performed in numerous theatrical productions, including Broadway and a stint from 1989 to 1992 with Seattle's Annex Theater, before appearing in some small television and film roles in the early 1990s. In 1997, Giamatti landed in his first high-profile role as Kenny "Pig Vomit" Rushton in the film adaptation of Howard Stern's Private Parts. Stern praised Giamatti's performance on his radio program, calling for him to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1998, Giamatti appeared in a number of supporting roles in the big-budget films, The Truman Show, Saving Private Ryan and The Negotiator. In 1999, he played Bob Zmuda and Tony Clifton in Miloš Forman's Andy Kaufman biopic, Man on the Moon. Giamatti continued working during the early 2000s by appearing in major studio releases including Big Momma's House, Planet of the Apes and Big Fat Liar. In 2003, Giamatti began to earn critical acclaim after his lead role in the film American Splendor. In 2004, Giamatti gained mainstream recognition and fame with the 2004 independent romantic comedy Sideways.
His portrayal of a depressed writer vacationing in the Santa Barbara wine country garnered him a Golden Globe nomination and an Independent Spirit Award. Following the commercial success of Sideways, Giamatti appeared in Cinderella Man, for which he earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, he was nominated for a Golden Globe and won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture. In 2006, Giamatti was the lead in M. Night Shyamalan's Lady in the Water, a supernatural thriller, followed by the animated film The Ant Bully, Neil Burger's drama The Illusionist co-starring Edward Norton. Giamatti had his first major role in an action movie in the 2007 film Shoot'Em Up, while starring in The Nanny Diaries and Fred Claus. In 2008, Giamatti received an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for his title performance in the 2008 HBO miniseries John Adams, as well as his first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Film, earned a Screen Actors Guild award.
That same year, he starred in the independent film Pretty Bird, a fictionalized retelling about the drama behind the invention of a rocketbelt. Giamatti received his second Golden Globe win for Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy for his role in the 2010 film, Barney's Version. Giamatti starred as the lead in the comedy-drama film Win Win, which earned positive reviews from critics; the same year he had small roles in The Hangover Part II and The Ides of March. In 2012, Giamatti became the voiceover actor for Liberty Mutual insurance commercials, he was the narrator for the PBS Nature episode An Original DUCKumentary. Giamatti produced and starred in John Dies at the End, based on the book of the same name, he had roles in the film Rock of Ages and Cosmopolis. In 2013, Giamatti returned to his alma mater, Yale University, to perform the title role in Shakespeare's Hamlet, for which he won rave reviews in a sold-out, modern dress stage production of the play at the Yale Repertory Theatre, in New Haven.
He had supporting roles in several films, including the animated Turbo and The Congress, as well as Parkland, Saving Mr. Banks, the critically acclaimed 12 Years a Sla