Gratien Gélinas, was a Canadian author, actor, director and administrator, considered one of the founders of modern Canadian theatre and film. His major works include Tit-Coq, Bousille et les Justes, Hier, les enfants dansaient, he wrote a series of satirical revues known as the Fridolinades. The Fridolinades revues, consisting of comic sketches and monologues, were named for the often-featured character Fridolin. A poor boy from Montreal, he wore a tri-colour Canadiens hockey jersey, knee socks, suspenders. While not quite joual, the French he spoke was reflective of what a person would hear on the streets of Montreal, which made it stand out in sharp contrast to the continental French being spoken in most other theatres. Fridolin's boundless optimism in the face of constant disappointment came to emblemize the Quebec spirit of "survivance", made him one of the first distinctly Canadian heroes of the stage, his success was considerable: Gélinas was declared by an adoring public to be the first playwright "de chez nous".
Gélinas' play Hier, les enfants dansaient takes place in one night. Based in 1966, it revolves around the tumultuous politics in Quebec around that time though its characters are fictitious. Pierre Gravel is debating. Throughout the course of the play, Gravel's sons, André and Larry, admit that they are active members of the separatist party and responsible for the bombs, threatening the city and destroying historical landmarks. Gélinas founded the Comédie-Canadienne, active until 1972. In 1967, Gélinas was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1989. In 1985, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec, he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal Military College of Canada in St-Jean in 1989. He married Huguette Oligny in 1973 and is the grandfather of actor and pop singer Mitsou Gélinas and MusiquePlus veejay and actor Abeille Gélinas. Gratien Gélinas on IMDb Gratien Gélinas at The Canadian Encyclopedia Library and Archives Canada biography
Montreal Forum was an indoor arena located facing Cabot Square in Montreal, Canada. Called "the most storied building in hockey history" by Sporting News, it was the home of the National Hockey League's Montreal Maroons from 1924 to 1938 and the Montreal Canadiens from 1926 to 1996; the Forum was built by the Canadian Arena Company in 159 days. Located at the northeast corner of Atwater and Ste-Catherine West, the building was significant as it was home to 24 Stanley Cup championships, it was home to the Montreal Roadrunners and Montreal Junior Canadiens. The idea to build the Forum in 1923 is credited to Sir Edward Wentworth Beatty, president of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At the suggestion of Senator Donat Raymond, William Northey developed a plan for a 12,500 seat capacity rink. Plans were scaled back for financial reasons to a rink of 9,300 seats. At the reduced size, the rink could not find financing; the Forum would be financed by H. L. Timmins; the site selected was the site of a roller skating rink named the Forum, the name was kept.
The site had been the site of an outdoor ice hockey rink, used by Frank and Lester Patrick, Art Ross and Russell Bowie as youths. The Forum opened on November 29, 1924, at a total cost of C$1.5 million with an original seating capacity of 9,300. It underwent two renovations, in 1949 and 1968; when the Forum closed in 1996 it had a capacity of 17,959, which included 1,600 in standing room. By the time of the 1968 renovations, a centre hanging digital scoreclock was installed, designed by the Day Sign Company of Toronto and similar to those installed at the Boston Garden and Chicago Stadium during the 1970s. A new centre hanging scoreclock, designed by Daktronics, was installed in the mid-1980s and contained on each side a color matrix board. Along with one other Original Six indoor ice hockey arena, the Boston Garden, the Montreal Forum used a high-pitched siren to signal the end of an NHL game's period — the siren would be re-installed in the Forum's successor facility, the Bell Centre, much as the TD Garden in Boston inherited the lower-pitched Garden's siren.
A Rainforest Cafe was never built. While hosting the Canadiens and Maroons on Thursdays and Saturdays, the Forum hosted the Quebec Senior Hockey League, featuring the Montreal Victorias, Montreal Royals and the Montreal Canadiens amateur team on Wednesdays and Sundays; the Quebec Junior Hockey League played on Monday nights, the Bank League on Tuesdays and the Railways and Telephone League played on Friday nights. The Montreal Forum hosted Memorial Cup games in 1950, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973 & 1976, with the Junior Canadiens winning on home ice in 1970. In 1972, the Forum hosted game one of the famous "Summit Series" between Team Canada and the USSR, the USSR won the game 7-3; the 1980 NHL Entry Draft was hosted at the Forum. It would mark the first time; the Forum hosted the Stanley Cup Finals in 1930, 1931, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1989, 1993. Only two visiting teams have won the Stanley Cup on Forum ice: the New York Rangers did so in 1928, defeating the Maroons, while the Calgary Flames defeated the Canadiens in 1989.
On March 11, 1996, the Montreal Canadiens played their last game at the Montreal Forum, defeating the Dallas Stars 4-1. The game was televised on TSN and TQS in Canada, on ESPN2 in the United States; the Stars' Guy Carbonneau, who had captained the Canadiens from 1989 to 1994, took the ceremonial opening faceoff. After the game, many previous hockey greats were presented to the crowd, most notably Maurice Richard, who received a sixteen-minute standing ovation from the crowd as he broke down in tears. A symbolic torch—representative of a line quoted from the poem In Flanders Fields, "To you from failing hands we throw the torch; the flaming torch was passed on to each of the former Canadiens captains, to the then-current captain Pierre Turgeon. The next day, a parade was organized in which the torch was carried down the route to the Molson Centre, their first game at the new venue was against a game which the Canadiens won. The Forum hosted other sports, including indoor soccer, boxing and tennis.
The Forum was a site of five events in the 1976 Summer Olympics: gymnastics, basketball and boxing. The gymnastics event included Nadia Comaneci's famous perfect 10, the first in Olympic history; the Forum was the site of many major professional wrestling matches, as shown in the 1961 National Film Board of Canada documentary Wrestling. On March 11, 1937, the Forum hosted its only funeral, for Canadiens great Howie Morenz. Morenz died from complications due to a broken leg, sustained in a game between the Canadiens and the Chicago Blackhawks on January 28. On September 8, 1964, The Beatles performed at the Forum. Four tracks including a live version of "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" for The Bootleg Series Vol. 5: Bob Dylan Live 1975, The Rolling Thunder Revue were recorded
Alan Wolf Arkin is an American actor and screenwriter. With a film career spanning six decades, Arkin is known for his performances in Popi, Wait Until Dark, The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Catch-22, The In-Laws, Edward Scissorhands, Get Smart, Glengarry Glen Ross, Thirteen Conversations About One Thing, Little Miss Sunshine, Sunshine Cleaning, Argo, he has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, for his performances in The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming and The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Little Miss Sunshine and received a Best Supporting Actor nomination for his performance in Argo. Arkin was born in Brooklyn, New York City on March 26, 1934, the son of David I. Arkin, a painter and writer, his wife, Beatrice, a teacher, he was raised in a Jewish family with "no emphasis on religion". His grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Ukraine and Germany.
His parents moved to Los Angeles when Alan was 11, but an 8-month Hollywood strike cost his father his job as a set designer. During the 1950s Red Scare, Arkin's parents were accused of being Communists, his father was fired when he refused to answer questions about his political ideology. David Arkin challenged the dismissal. Arkin, taking acting lessons since age 10, became a scholarship student at various drama academies, including one run by the Stanislavsky student Benjamin Zemach, who taught Arkin a psychological approach to acting. Arkin attended Los Angeles City College from 1951 to 1953, he attended Bennington College. With two friends, he formed the folk music group The Tarriers, in which Arkin sang and played guitar; the band members co-composed the group's 1956 hit "The Banana Boat Song", a reworking, with some new lyrics, of a traditional, Jamaican calypso folk song of the same name, combined with another titled "Hill and Gully Rider". It reached #4 on the Billboard magazine chart the same year as Harry Belafonte's better-known hit version.
The group appeared in the 1957 Calypso-exploitation film Calypso Heat Wave, singing "Banana Boat Song" and "Choucoune". From 1958 to 1968, Arkin recorded with the children's folk group, The Baby Sitters, he performed the role of Dr. Pangloss in a concert staging of Leonard Bernstein's operetta Candide, alongside Madeline Kahn's Cunegonde. Arkin was an early member of the Second City comedy troupe in the 1960s. Arkin is one of only six actors to receive an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for his first screen appearance. Two years he was again nominated, for The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter. In 1968, he appeared in the title role of Inspector Clouseau after Peter Sellers dissociated himself from the role, but the film was not well received by Sellers' fans. Arkin and his second wife Barbara Dana appeared together on the 1970–1971 season of Sesame Street as a comical couple named Larry and Phyllis who resolve their conflicts when they remember how to pronounce the word "cooperate." Arkin and Dana appeared together again in 1987 on the ABC sitcom Harry, canceled after four low-rated episodes.
His best known films include Wait Until Dark as the erudite killer stalking Audrey Hepburn. His portrayal of Dr. Oatman, a scared and conflicted psychiatrist treating John Cusack's hit man character Martin Q. Blank in Grosse Point Blank was well received, his role in Little Miss Sunshine, as Grandfather Edwin, foul-mouthed and had a taste for snorting heroin, won him the BAFTA Film Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role and the Academy Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. On receiving his Academy Award on February 25, 2007, Arkin said, "More than anything, I'm moved by the open-hearted appreciation our small film has received, which in these fragmented times speaks so of the possibility of innocence and connection". At 72 years old, Arkin was the sixth oldest winner of the Best Supporting Actor Oscar. In 2006–2007, Arkin was cast in supporting roles in Rendition as a U. S. senator and The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause as Bud Newman. On Broadway, Arkin starred in Enter Luv, he directed The Sunshine Boys, among others.
In 1969, Arkin's directorial debut was a 12-minute children's film titled People Soup, starring his sons Adam and Matthew Arkin. Based on a story of the same name he published in Galaxy Science Fiction in 1958, People Soup is a fantasy about two boys who experiment with various kitchen ingredients until they concoct a magical soup which transforms them into different animals and objects, his most acclaimed directorial effort is Little Murders, released in 1971. Written by cartoonist Jules Feiffer, Little Murders is a black comedy film starring Elliott Gould and Marcia Rodd about a girl, who brings home her boyfriend, Alfred, to meet her dysfunctional family amidst a series of random shootings, garbage strikes and electrical outages ravaging the neighborhood; the film opened to a lukewarm review by Roger Greenspan, a more positive one by Vincent Canby in the New York Times. Roger Ebert's review in the Chicago Sun Times was more enthusiastic, saying, "One of the reasons it works and is indeed a definitive reflection of A
Gordon Edward Pinsent, CC, FRSC is a Canadian actor, screenwriter and playwright. He is known for his roles in numerous productions, including Away from Her, The Rowdyman and the Missus, A Gift to Last, Due South, The Red Green Show and Quentin Durgens, M. P. Since 1989, for nearly 30 years, he has served as the voice of Babar the elephant in television and film. Pinsent, the youngest of six children, was born in Newfoundland, his mother, Florence "Flossie", was from Clifton and his father, Stephen Arthur Pinsent, was a papermill worker and cobbler from Dildo, Newfoundland. His mother was a religious Anglican, he was a self-described "awkward child". Pinsent began acting on stage in the 1940s at the age of 17, he soon took on roles in radio drama on the CBC, moved into television and film as well. In the early 1950s, he took a break from acting and joined the Canadian Army, serving for four years as a Private in The Royal Canadian Regiment. Pinsent's professional acting career began in 1957 at Winnipeg's Theatre 77 under the direction of John Hirsch.
In the years that followed, he performed in many theatrical productions in Winnipeg, Toronto and at the Stratford Festival. In the early 1960s he appeared in The Forest Rangers, he has since become a staple of Canadian television with roles including the series Quentin Durgens, M. P. A Gift to Last, Due South, Wind at My Back and Power Play; the pilot episode of A Gift to Last was adapted for the stage by Walter Learning and Alden Nowlan and has become a perennial Canadian Christmas favourite in regional theatres across the country. Pinsent's movie roles include The Rowdyman, Who Has Seen the Wind and the Missus, The Shipping News and Away from Her, he wrote the screenplays for the Missus. His best known early film role was that of the President of the United States in the 1970 science fiction cult classic Colossus: The Forbin Project, he starred in a role called Horse Latitudes based upon Donald Crowhurst, now featured in Deep Water. In 1979 he was made an officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1998.
In 2006, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. On March 6, 2007, it was announced. On March 8, 2007, it was publicly announced in Toronto, Canada, that Pinsent had accepted the appointment of honorary chairman of the "Building for the Future" fundraising campaign for The Royal Canadian Regiment Museum. During the 2008, 2010 and 2011 summer periods of CBC Radio One, Pinsent presented a radio documentary series called The Late Show featuring extended obituaries of notable Canadians whom the producers believed deserved attention. Pinsent appeared in one of Canadian director Stephen Dunn's early short films titled Life Doesn't Frighten Me, which won various awards, including the CBC Short Film Face-Off, with a cash prize of $30,000; the film won awards at the Toronto Student Film Festival and the Tribeca Film Festival in 2013. Most he had a guest starring role as Maurice Becker on the February 3, 2010 episode of Canadian television series Republic of Doyle, he was a featured guest reader on Bookaboo.
He attained recent notoriety when a comedic segment of him reading from Justin Bieber's autobiography on This Hour Has 22 Minutes went viral on October 20, 2010. His first memoir, By the Way, was published in 1992 by Stoddart Publishing, his second, was published in 2012 by McClelland and Stewart. He has written seven screenplays, including: the Missus, his plays include Brass Rubbings. Pinsent married actress Charmion King in 1962, they were married until her death on January 6, 2007 from emphysema. Pinsent has two children and Beverly Kennedy, from an earlier marriage to Irene Reid. Pinsent is a Companion of a Fellow of The Royal Society of Canada. In 1997, he won the Earle Grey Award for lifetime achievement in television. Pinsent received an LL. D from the University of Prince Edward Island in 1975, Honorary doctorates from Queen's University, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Lakehead University and the University of Windsor. Pinsent received a Governor General's Performing Arts Award in 2004, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts.
It was on July 12, 2005, in his hometown of Grand Falls-Windsor, in honour of his 75th birthday, that the Arts & Culture Centre was renamed The Gordon Pinsent Centre for the Arts. A street in his hometown is named in his honor. On September 25, 2008 at a "Newfoundland and Labrador Inspired Evening" at The Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, the Company Theatre presented Mr. Pinsent with the inaugural Gordon Pinsent Award of Excellence. Pinsent received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012, his acting and writing awards include: 2014 - Canadian Screen Award - Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role for The Grand Seduction 2013 - Canadian Screen Award - Best Performance in a Guest Role, Dramatic Series for Republic of Doyle 2008 - Genie Award - Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role for Away from Her 2007 - ACTRA Award - Outstanding Male Performance for Away from Her 2004 - Banff Television Festival - Award of Excellence 2003 - ACTRA Award - Award of Excellence 1999 - Gemini Award - Best Performance by an Actor in a Su
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Henry Beckman was a Canadian stage and television actor. Beckman appeared in well over 100 productions in the United States and Canada, including recurring roles as Commander Paul Richards in the 1954 Flash Gordon space opera television series, Bob Mulligan in the ABC sitcom I'm Dickens, He's Fenster, George Anderson in the television adaptation of Peyton Place, Captain Clancey in the Western comedy-drama Here Come the Brides, conniving United States Army Colonel Douglas Harrigan in McHale's Navy and Colonel Platt in the movie McHale's Navy Joins the Air Force, he made four guest appearances on the CBS courtroom drama series Perry Mason, including the role of David the murderer in the 1960 episode "The Case of the Flighty Father", as Sydney L. Garth in the 1962 episode "The Case of the Captain's Coins", as Albert King in the 1965 episode "The Case of the Wrongful Writ" and as William March in the 1966 episode "The Case of the Dead Ringer". In the 1980s he appeared in Kane & Abel, played the security guard Alf on the Don Adams sitcom Check It Out!, was a non-celebrity contestant on the TV game show Scrabble.
He continued to act through his late seventies on shows like The Commish and MacGyver, he had a recurring role in The X-Files for several seasons. Beckman won two Canadian Film Awards for Best Supporting Actor, in 1975 for Why Rock the Boat? and in 1978 for Blood and Guts. With his first wife, actress Cheryl Maxwell, Beckman founded the Dukes Oak Theater in Cooperstown, New York, served as the theater company's producer, he served with the Canadian Military during World War II, including the D-Day Landings at Juno Beach, Normandy, on 6 June 1944. Beckman was the author of How to Sell your Film Project, a how-to guide on getting independent films produced, Hollywood With its Pants Down, a witty look at some of actors he worked with over the years, he is the father of software engineer Brian Beckman. Beckman died in Spain on 17 June 2008 with his second wife Hillary at his side. Henry Beckman on IMDb How to Sell your Film Project at Google Books Brian Beckman: On Analog Computing, Some Beckman History, Life in the Universe at Channel 9 Clip of Henry Beckman on Scrabble on YouTube Henry Beckman at the Internet Broadway Database