Beaver Dam, Arizona
Beaver Dam is an unincorporated community in Mohave County located in the extreme northwestern corner of the U. S. state of Arizona, settled in 1863. It is located along Interstate 15 10 miles northeast of Mesquite, Nevada. Beaver Dam is located in the 86432 zip code; the site of Beaver Dam was located along the pack horse route of the Old Spanish Trail from 1828 and the wagon route of the Mormon Road between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles from 1847. Beaver Dam Creek and subsequently the town was named for a beaver dam that occupied and held back the waters on the wash when the first Mormon party under Jefferson Hunt established the wagon road through the area in 1847; the Mormon Road was used by Forty-niners in 1849 and Mormon colonists and other travelers from on. Both routes passed southward from the Beaver Dam Mountains, to the Virgin River along Beaver Dam Wash to where it met the river. From 1855, the road was a major wagon freighting road until the railroad arrived in Nevada in 1905. Beaver Dam was first settled by Mormon colonists in 1863.
Beaver Dam is home to the three schools. High School. Beaver Dam and neighboring Littlefield have the distinction of being the only towns in Arizona along I-15. Owing to its location northwest of Grand Canyon National Park and west of the Virgin River, Beaver Dam is isolated from the rest of the state. Travel to other towns within Arizona requires crossing through either Nevada or Utah, or by traversing unpaved roads to Arizona State Route 389 — and at that, is connected only to the rest of the "Arizona Strip", not to Arizona at large; the Virgin River Gorge is located just to the east of Beaver Dam. The Post Office is located in Beaver Dam on McKnight Boulevard. Fire Station No. 1 is located in Beaver Dam. Beaver Dam has a large population of "snowbirds" during the winter months. Beaver Dam has been featured as a filming location for television shows. Scenes from the 1988 movie On Our Own were filmed at the Beaver Dam Station in downtown. Scenes from the 2002 movie Crazy Horse were filmed at the Beaver Dam Station.
Scenes from the 1996 movie Navajo Blues were filmed around the Beaver Dam area. Unsolved Mysteries filmed a segment of their program in 1995 on Old Highway 91, between Beaver Dam and Mesquite. Local news stations from Las Vegas, Salt Lake City, national news stations The Weather Channel and CNN have filed reports from Beaver Dam. Most of the reports were about the Beaver Dam Wash flooding and destroying homes and properties, but there have been police chases, shootings and a fugitive man hunt making national headlines. Littlefield Unified School District The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Arizona Littlefield Unified School District No. 9
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Lake Havasu City, Arizona
Lake Havasu City is a city in Mohave County, United States. According to 2010 census, the population of the city was 52,527 people, it is served by Lake Havasu City Airport. Lake Havasu City is geographically isolated from the other cities in Mohave County and is the southernmost community of the Las Vegas–Henderson, NV–AZ combined statistical area; the community first started as an Army Air Corps rest camp, called "Site Six". During World War II on the shores of Lake Havasu. In 1958, American businessman Robert P. McCulloch purchased 3,353 acres of property on the east side of the lake along Pittsburgh Point, the peninsula that would be transformed into "the Island". After four years of planning, McCulloch Properties acquired another 13,000 acres of federal land in the surrounding area. Lake Havasu City was established on September 30, 1963, by a resolution of the Mohave County Board of Supervisors as the Lake Havasu Irrigation and Drainage District, making it a legal entity; the city was incorporated in 1978.
London Bridge crosses a narrow channel. Hoping to attract tourists and prospective buyers of residential lots, McCulloch bought it for US$2.5 million from the City of London when the bridge was replaced in 1968. The bridge was disassembled on contract with Sundt Construction, Tucson and the marked stones were shipped to Lake Havasu City and reassembled by Sundt for another US$7 million; the construction took three years to complete. McCulloch gave an acre of land to London; when Lake Havasu City wanted to use this land for a visitors' center, it leased it back for a quit rent of a Hopi Kachina figure. Since its inauguration on October 5, 1971, London Bridge has become the second-largest tourist attraction in Arizona, after the Grand Canyon. In 2017, a panel of experts partnering with USA Today's 10Best.com chose London Bridge as one of 20 initial nominees for Best Arizona Attraction. 10Best.com readers voted London Bridge as a top 5 favorite. Lake Havasu City is an active event destination for a wide range of people.
During spring months, the community is joined by university students for spring break. In 1995, Lake Havasu City was featured during MTV's Spring Break coverage. For boaters, March to September are the prime months on Lake Havasu; the city is home to the International World Jet Ski Final Races, multiple professional fishing tournaments, custom boat regattas, the Western Winter Blast pyrotechnics convention, Havasu 95 Speedway, the Chilln-n-Swilln Beer Festival annual charity event, the Havasu Triathlon, the Havasu Balloon Festival & Fair. During the winter months, the community is joined by retirees from colder regions of the country and Canada. During this period, multiple events are held on McCulloch Boulevard. During the second weekend of February, McCulloch Boulevard is home to Winterfest, an annual event which draws thousands of visitors and residents for two days of food, activities and products from over 200 vendors from across the United States. Lake Havasu City is located at 34°29′24″N 114°18′32″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.1 square miles, of which, 43.0 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. The only surface access to Lake Havasu City is by road via Arizona State Route 95, which meets Interstate 40 to the north of the city and Interstate 10 to the south. C. V. Wood, who designed Disneyland, was hired by Robert McCulloch to lay out Lake Havasu's unique road system. In the early stages of development of the city, McCulloch Properties operated a fleet of secondhand airliners such as the Lockheed Constellation and the Lockheed L-188 Electra to fly prospective property purchasers to the area from California and elsewhere in the USA. Lake Havasu City does not have a public transit system. Lake Havasu Shuttle provides transportation to Las Vegas and Laughlin, Nevada. Havasu Landing Resort and Casino provides a ferry to California. Lake Havasu City has a hot desert climate. In the winter months, daytime highs range from 60 °F to 70 °F.
Lows in winter average between 40 °F to 50 °F. The city has hot summers, with highs remaining between 100 °F and 115 °F. Highs are known to exceed 120 °F during the summer months. Overnight low temperatures stay between 80 °F to 90 °F for the months of August; the highest overnight low temperature recorded in Lake Havasu City was 98 °F on July 22, 2003. Mean annual precipitation is 3.84 inches. The annual mean temperature is 74.6 °F. Lake Havasu City holds the all-time record high temperature in Arizona history with 128 °F recorded on June 29, 1994; this temperature is the highest for a town or city in the Western Hemisphere. On December 31, 2014, snow fell on Lake Havasu City; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,938 people, 17,911 households, 12,716 families residing in the city. The population density was 974.4 people per square mile. There were 23,018 housing units at an average density of 534.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.35% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.51% from other races, 1.46% from two or more races.
7.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 17,911 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with
Fort Mohave, Arizona
Fort Mohave is a CDP in Mohave County, Arizona. It is named for a nearby fort, used during the Mohave War; as of the census of 2010, the population of Fort Mohave was 14,364. This was up from 8,919 in 2000, it is a micro-suburb of Bullhead City. Its recent growth has made it the most populous unincorporated community in Mohave County; the largest single employer in Fort Mohave is Valley View Medical Center. In 2013, Fort Mohave became the home of a 200+ acre photovoltaic solar generating plant; the plant was built east of Vanderslice Road between Lipan Boulevard. The first known European to visit the area was Spanish explorer Melchor Díaz, he documented his travels in Northwestern Mohave County in 1540. He accounts of meeting a large population of natives who referred to themselves as the Pipa Aha Macav, meaning "People by the River". From "Aha Macav" came the Spanish name Mojave, passed into English, where it is spelled Mohave; when most people refer to Fort Mohave, they use the spelling "Mohave", while the tribe retains the traditional Spanish spelling "Mojave".
During the Mohave War the fort was established as a base of U. S. Army military operations against the native Mohave people, living in the area for centuries prior. In April 1861, during the early part of the American Civil War, the fort was abandoned, its garrison sent to secure Southern California from possible secession, sent to the east, it was subsequently garrisoned by Company B and Company I, 4th California Infantry Regiment, in May 1863. Company B remained for six months but Company I remained until March 1865, when it was relieved by Company C, 7th California Infantry Regiment until 1866 when Camp Mohave was again garrisoned by regular United States Army troops; the U. S. Army remained until September 29, 1890 when the War Department turned it over to the Indian Service by order of President Benjamin Harrison, it is now part of the Fort Mojave Indian Reservation. It is home to the largest stadium within 90 miles, serving all Mohave County for large indoor events, The Mojave Crossing Event Center.
It has a seating capacity of 5,000 arena style. Many neighborhoods in Fort Mohave are built on man-made lakes, golf courses, mesas with majestic mountain views; the newest golf course, Los Lagos Golf Club, is a Ted Robinson, Sr. Signature Golf Course. Fort Mohave is geographically between, demographically connected to, Bullhead City and Mohave Valley, Arizona; as of the census of 2010, the population of Fort Mojave was 14,364. This was up from 8,919 with 4,049 housing units. Fort Mohave has three large grocery stores, Smith's Food and Drug, a completed Wal-Mart Supercenter, it has a CVS Pharmacy and an ACE Hardware Store. Restaurants include Red Dragon Chinese Cuisine, Bonanza Cafe, Casa Serrano Mexican Food, an ice cream parlor, several fast food franchises. Residents of Fort Mohave do the majority of their shopping and dining in Bullhead City, considered the shopping hub of the tri-state area. Fort Mohave has two public elementary schools, Fort Mojave Elementary School and Camp Mohave Elementary School, both of which are a part of the Mohave Valley Elementary School District.
There is a public charter school, Young Scholar's Academy, All Beauty College, the Academy of Building Industries. Fort Mohave is the location of the Valley View Medical Center, which opened in 2005, it is a 102,000-square-foot facility with state-of-the-art technology. The hospital features 38 medical/surgical beds, 10 rehabilitation beds, a six-bed labor and delivery unit, a six-bed intensive care unit, four major operating rooms and two procedure rooms. In 2010, Valley View announced a 1.2 million Emergency Room expansion. Fort Mohave is served by the Fort Mojave-Mesa Fire Department. Bullhead City, Arizona Laughlin/Bullhead International Airport Laughlin, Nevada Mohave people Mohave City Mohave Valley, Arizona Needles, California Oatman, Arizona Andrew Edward Masich, The Civil War in Arizona: the story of the California Volunteers, 1861-1865, University of Oklahoma Press, 2006 ISBN 0-8061-3747-9 ISBN 978-0-8061-3747-6
Colorado City, Arizona
Colorado City is a town in Mohave County, United States, is located in a region known as the Arizona Strip. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 4,821. At least three Mormon fundamentalist sects are said to have been based there. Colorado City known as Short Creek, was founded in 1913 by members of the Council of Friends, a breakaway group from the Salt Lake City-based The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; the Council of Friends membership desired a remote location where they could practice plural marriage, publicly abandoned by the LDS Church in 1890. On July 26, 1953, Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle sent troops into the settlement to stop polygamy in what became known as the Short Creek raid; the two-year legal battle that followed became a public relations disaster that damaged Pyle's political career and set a hands-off tone toward the town in Arizona for the next 50 years. After the death of Joseph W. Musser, the community split into two groups: the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints stayed in Short Creek, while the Apostolic United Brethren relocated to Bluffdale, Utah.
The FLDS changed the name of the community to Colorado City and Hildale to eliminate any ties to the Short Creek raids. In January 2004, local FLDS fundamentalist leader, Warren Jeffs, expelled a group of 20 men, including the mayor, gave their wives and children to other men. Jeffs, now a convicted sexual predator, stated he was acting on the orders of God, while the men expelled claimed they were penalized for disagreeing with Jeffs. Observers stated that this was the most severe split to date within the community other than the split between Colorado City and Centennial Park. According to the Utah attorney general's office, this was not the first time Jeffs was accused of expelling men from the community. Most were removed for dating women without his permission. Many of these expelled men and boys were naïve and sheltered wound up homeless in nearby towns such as Hurricane, Utah and St. George, Utah. Jeffs was placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted list and arrested on August 28, 2006. Most of the property in the town was owned by the United Effort Plan, a real estate trust of the FLDS.
In 2007 the state authorities began dismantling church ownership of Colorado City lands. The FLDS church retaliated and indoctrinated their followers against the state, believing they were being targeted because of their beliefs; the FLDS followers became further secluded as a result. Most of the remaining FLDS view Warren Jeffs, as a martyr. On April 6, 2010, law enforcement officials in Mohave County and Washington County, served five search warrants seeking records from town officers; the warrants were served on government officials and departments, including the Town Manager, David Darger, as well as Colorado City's fire chief Jacob Barlow. As a result of the initial warrants, the Hildale-Colorado City Department of Public Safety was shut down, emergency responders were prohibited from responding to calls without the approval of county officials. Firefighter Glen Jeffs indicated that the warrants referenced "misuse of funds."In response to a civil rights lawsuit by the United States Justice Department alleging that the Colorado City government, including law enforcement, was taking orders from the FLDS Church, Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne announced in July 2012 that he was allocating funding to allow the Mohave County Sheriff's Department to provide daily patrols in the town.
On March 20, 2014, a jury hearing the case of Cooke et al v. Colorado City, Town of et al ruled that the towns of Colorado City and Hildale had discriminated against Ronald and Jinjer Cooke because they were not members of the FLDS Church; the Cookes were awarded $5.2 million for "religious discrimination". The Cooke family moved to the Short Creek area in 2008 but were refused access to utilities by the towns of Colorado City and Hildale; as a result of the ruling, Arizona's Attorney General Tom Horne issued a press release stating that he "wants to eradicate discrimination in two polygamous towns" and believes that the court ruling will give him the tools to do it. Colorado City is located at 36°59′22″N 112°58′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles, of which 10.5 square miles is land and 0.100% is water. Colorado City has the typical cool semi-arid climate of the interior Mountain West, with warm to hot summers and cool to cold winters, typified by large diurnal temperature ranges throughout most of the year.
The hottest day on record has been July 5, 1985 with 108 °F. Rainfall is lowest from April to June, but is never high on average, though during strong extratropical low pressure systems, as much as 5 inches may fall during a month; the wettest year has been 1998 with 26.36 inches, though only 2005 has otherwise received over 20 inches, whilst the driest year since 1963 has been 2009 with 6.45 inches. Snowfall is light; the highest daily snow depth was however on February 1979 with 13 inches. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,334 people, 444 households, 417 families residing in the town; the population density was 317.3 people per square mile. There were 457 housing units at an average density o
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820