Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois
Oakbrook Terrace is a city in DuPage County, is a suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 2,134, estimated to have increased to 2,155 by July 2012, it is the smallest town in DuPage County, in terms of population. Oakbrook Terrace was named Utopia, a name suggested by a postmaster; the name Oakbrook Terrace was adopted in November 1959. According to the 2010 census, Oakbrook Terrace has a total area of 1.278 square miles, of which 1.25 square miles is land and 0.028 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,300 people, 1,198 households, 553 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,651.2 people per square mile. There were 1,327 housing units at an average density of 952.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.52% White, 4.13% African American, 12.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.13% of the population. There were 1,198 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.8% were non-families.
46.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.77. In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,148, the median income for a family was $85,374. Males had a median income of $60,563 versus $45,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $44,345. About 2.7% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Oakbrook Terrace Tower, an octagonal 31-story office building, was designed by Helmut Jahn and built in 1987, it is the tallest building in Illinois outside the city limits of Chicago and is owned by General Electric.
The 418-foot tower has 773,000 square feet of office space. The tower was long dogged by rumors and news reports that it was sinking, it stands on the site of the former Dispensa's Castle of Toys. Drury Lane is a large conference center adjacent to the Oakbrook Terrace Tower, it boasts a 971-seat theater. The facility can host: wedding receptions and banquets, corporate meetings and conferences, trade shows and conventions, live theater, concerts. Located on the site is a Hilton Suites Hotel and Hilton Garden Inn; the headquarters of Redbox and the Joint Commission, which accredits US healthcare entities, are located in Oakbrook Terrace
Warrenville is a city in DuPage County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 13,140, estimated to have increased to 13,316 by July 2012, it is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. Warrenville was founded in 1833 when Julius Warren and his family moved west from New York seeking a fresh start from a failing gristmill and distillery. Daniel Warren, Julius' father, claimed land at what is now McDowell Woods, Julius claimed land at what is now the Warrenville Grove Forest Preserve; the first major establishment, an inn and tavern, was built in 1838 by Julius Warren himself, as the family was skilled in timber and grain. The inn still stands today, was renovated in 2002; the town blossomed with two mills and a plank road connecting it with Naperville and Winfield, on which Julius operated a stagecoach line. The town failed at its bid to have the railroad come through the town. However, in 1902, the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad came through town, which lasted until the late 1950s.
With a population of 4,000, Warrenville was incorporated as a city in 1967, following six unsuccessful attempts. The 1970s and 1980s brought westward expansion from the city of Chicago, causing the small farming community's population to nearly double to 7,800. Warrenville is located at 41°49′35″N 88°11′22″W. According to the 2010 census, Warrenville has a total area of 5.618 square miles, of which 5.46 square miles is land and 0.158 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,363 people, 4,931 households, 3,476 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,430.6 people per square mile. There were 5,067 housing units at an average density of 921.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.13% White, 2.39% African American, 0.29% Native American, 3.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.46% from other races, 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.10% of the population. There were 4,931 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $62,430, the median income for a family was $72,233. Males had a median income of $50,144 versus $35,487 for females; the per capita income for the city was $28,922. About 0.9% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over. There is an "old neighborhood", with mixed housing styles near Galusha Avenue. There is a Forest Preserve neighborhood, with wooded-lot expensive multi-acre homes close to Cantigny War Museum, Cantigny Golf Course, Mckee Marsh.
In the mid-1970s two large subdivisions were developed in the west, next to Fermilab, a scientific research center where the world's largest superconducting particle accelerator ring was located. The subdivisions are called Fox Hollow. Other notable subdivisions of Warrenville include Warrenville Lakes, Saddle Ridge, Thornwilde and River Oaks. Cantera was built from a TIF district on the former grounds 650-acre limestone quarry. Located on the new district is a 30-screen AMC movie theater, several restaurants, a Super Target retail store, three hotels, three banks, a 100,000-square-foot fitness club, numerous corporate offices, two residential complexes. Major companies that have office space and research facilities at Cantera include: BP America, the corporate office for EN Engineering, the corporate headquarters for Symbria, a corporate office for Exelon Nuclear; the headquarters of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 701 of DuPage County is in Cantera. Downtown Warrenville is located at the intersection of Batavia Road.
The addition of another TIF district, a new police station was built in 1998, a new City Hall in 2001, a new Public Works Building in 2002, additions were made to the library in 2003. Durham School Services is a company based in Warrenville. Navistar left Warrenville in 2011, moved to neighboring Lisle due to tax incentives. According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten non-city employers in the city are: Warrenville is a part of Community Unit School District 200, shares 20 schools with Wheaton. Residents of Warrenville attend Bower or Johnson elementary school, Hubble Middle School, St. Irene Catholic School, Wheaton Warrenville South High School. Wheaton Warrenville South High School is located in Wheaton; until 2009, Hubble was located in Wheaton. Some children from all over DuPage County attend Four Winds Waldorf School, a private PreK-8 school in Warrenville. Warrenvil
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Westmont is a village in DuPage County, United States. Westmont is a community of 5.03 square miles in area. Westmont had a 2000 population of 24,554, a partial special census was conducted 2007 resulting in a population of 26,211, the census of 2010 put the population at 24,685, it is located 18 miles west of the Chicago Loop in the southeastern portion of DuPage County. The area known as Westmont was inhabited by the Potawatami until the year 1833. After several failed attempts by the U. S. government to persuade the Native Americans to move from the area, in 1833, the Native Americans agreed under coercion to vacate their land for nominal payment. The development of the Illinois-Michigan Canal, authorized by the State of Illinois in the 1820s but delayed in construction until the 1830s, contributed to Westmont's early growth; when the economic Panic of 1837 halted canal construction, many of the workers turned to farming, agriculture became the major occupation, with produce sold in nearby Chicago.
The area around Westmont became one of the most prosperous sections of the state. In order to transport agricultural products into the city of Chicago, construction of a plank road originating in Chicago began in 1840; the plank road was placed over the nine-mile swamp separating Chicago and the area that became Westmont, reached Naperville, Illinois by 1851. Today, this roadway is known as Ogden Avenue; the plank road soon became inadequate. The railroad line was approved, with the first train in 1864. "Greg’s Station," from which Westmont developed, was a stop to load agricultural and dairy products. The town transitioned from an agricultural community to a commuter community, with the early growth and development centered around the railroad station. In the early 1900s, plats for the Village of Westmont were laid out and roads were dedicated. Westmont was incorporated on November 4, 1921; the Village did not encourage concentrated commercial or industrial growth until the 1950s, with the development of some light service companies, industrial firms, wholesaling firms.
However, it was not until the 1970s the Westmont began to grow in earnest. New subdivisions and multiple family housing units led to the tripling of the population. Robbie Russo, hockey player from Westmont who plays for the Arizona Coyotes Kira Salak and journalist Ty Warner and inventor of Beanie Babies Muddy Waters, considered the father of Chicago blues, it is bounded on the north by the Village of Oak Brook, on the east by the Village of Clarendon Hills, on the south by the City of Darien and on the west by the Village of Downers Grove. It is nearly wholly within Downers Grove Township. According to the 2010 census, Westmont has a total area of 5.136 square miles, of which 5.03 square miles is land and 0.106 square miles is water. As of the special census of 2007, there were 26,211 people, 9,900 households, 5,979 families residing in the village; the population density was 5,014.4 people per square mile. There were 10,269 housing units at an average density of 2,097.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 78.02% White, 5.38% African American, 0.13% Native American, 11.95% Asian, 2.41% from other races, 2.11% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino people of any race comprised 6.98% of the population. There were 9,900 households. 47.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.6% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.05. The population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $51,422, the median income for a family was $64,472. Males had a median income of $42,909 versus $33,690 for females; the per capita income for the village was $26,394. About 3.8% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
Westmont has a Westmont Metra station on Metra's BNSF Railway Line, which provides daily rail service between Aurora and Chicago, Illinois. U. S. Route 34, Interstate 88 located north of the Village, Interstate 55 to the South, Interstate 294 to the East and Interstate 355 to the West, provide access to the rest of the Chicago Region. William L. Gregg House 7. Http://www.idcide.com/citydata/il/westmont.htm Westmont Chamber of Commerce and Tourism Bureau Westmont Adventist Church and School Map and Data from Wolfram Alpha
St. Charles, Illinois
St. Charles is a city in DuPage and Kane counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. It lies 40 miles west of Chicago on Illinois Route 64; as of the 2010 census the population was 32,974, as of 2017 the population had dropped to an estimated 32,714. The official city slogan is "Pride of the Fox", after the Fox River that runs through the center of town. St. Charles is part of a tri-city area along with Geneva and Batavia, all western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition. St. Charles was the location of the Native American community for the chief of the Pottawatomie that inhabited the area. A city park overlooking the river was dedicated to this Native American past. After the Black Hawk War in 1832, the entire area of the Fox Valley was opened to American settlement. Evan Shelby and William Franklin staked the first claim in what is now St. Charles in 1833, they came back in 1834 with their families from Indiana, were joined by over a dozen other families that year. The township was known as Charleston, but this name was taken by the downstate city of Charleston, Illinois so the name of St. Charles was adopted in 1839.
St. Charles became incorporated as a city February 9, 1839 and reincorporated October 17, 1874. Several "stations" of the slavery-era Underground Railroad were in St. Charles homes, complete with tunnels and false doorways. Most accounts lead back to a local blacksmith who set up shop in a building now known as 305 W Main St; this was most "the hub," This address is the easiest to visit from the dozen "stations" known. As of 2015 a fine dining establishment holds residence at that address bearing a name in honor of that Blacksmith. St. Charles was a isolated place early on in its existence; the village was located three days away from Chicago, the Fox River was not navigable for large boats. By the 1850s, St. Charles had begun construction of a plank road to Sycamore but turned down an offer by the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad to construct a line through the town, built in nearby Elgin. Lack of regional connections in the early years kept the town small. St. Charles was without a railroad until 1871 when a branch line from Geneva was constructed, was without a direct connection to Chicago until the 1880s with the coming of the Chicago Great Western Railway.
Streetcar lines along the Fox River between Elgin and Aurora were built through the city in 1896, operated by the Aurora and Fox River Electric company. A direct automobile route to Chicago, which became Route 64, was constructed in 1920. Four Illinois state routes, including Routes 38, 25 and 31 now run through the city. Two major Kane County roads cut through the city. St. Charles was the place of settlement for diverse groups of European immigrants, including those from Ireland and Sweden during the 1840s and 1950s, groups from Belgium and Lithuania. According to the 2010 census, St. Charles has a total area of 14.934 square miles, of which 14.61 square miles is land and 0.324 square miles is water. The Fox River runs though downtown. Potawatomie Park, which sits on the river is the largest park in St. Charles and a popular destination for both tourists and citizens tri-city area. According to the 2000 census, population density is 1,993.9 inhabitants per square mile. There are 11,072 housing units at an average density of 791.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city is 93.81% White, 1.66% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. 5.50 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 10,351 households out of which 36.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% are married couples living together, 8.0% have a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% are non-families. 23.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.13. In the city the population is spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females, there are 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $75,181, the median income for a family is $94,704.
Males have a median income of $55,864 versus $35,134 for females. The per capita income for the city is $33,969. 3.4% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.4% of those under the age of 18 and 3.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The Illinois Youth Center St. Charles, a juvenile correctional facility of the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice, is in St. Charles, it opened in December 1904. The public education system in St. Charles is operated by the Community Unit School District 303, which has thirteen elementary schools: Anderson, Bell-Graham, Davis, Ferson Creek, Fox Ridge, Munhall, Norton Creek and Wild Rose. Including Davis Primary, Richmond Intermediate split elementary schools. There are two middle schools: Wredling.
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for