DeKalb County, Tennessee
DeKalb County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,723, its county seat is Smithville. The county was created by the General Assembly of Tennessee on December 2, 1837 and was named for Revolutionary War hero Major General Johann de Kalb. DeKalb County was formed in 1837 from land in Cannon and White counties. Historian believes that the first settlers in the county were at Liberty and came from Maryland in 1797. If so, Addison Puckett was the first settler, he may have come over the Cumberland Mountains, although some sources claim he came down the Ohio, up the Cumberland to Nashville, overland about 56 miles. DeKalb County was the site of several saltpeter mines, the main ingredient of gunpowder, was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves. Overall Cave was named for Abraham Overall who moved from Luray and settled near the present site of Liberty in 1805, he had many slaves and owned a large plantation on which Overall Cave is located.
Two saltpeter leaching vats in the cave may date from the War of 1812, although this area was mined again during the Civil War. Other caves in DeKalb County that were mined for saltpeter include Avant Cave, located near Dowelltown, Indian Grave Point Cave, located in the Dry Creek Valley, Temperance Saltpeter Cave, located near Temperance Hall. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 329 square miles, of which 304 square miles is land and 25 square miles is water. Putnam County White County Warren County Cannon County Wilson County Smith County Edgar Evins State Park Pea Ridge Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2000, there were 17,423 people, 6,984 households, 4,986 families residing in the county; the population density was 57 people per square mile. There were 8,409 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.58% White, 1.43% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
3.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,984 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.60% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,359, the median income for a family was $36,920. Males had a median income of $29,483 versus $20,953 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,217.
About 11.80% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over. Smithville Alexandria Dowelltown Liberty Belk Midway Temperance Hall National Register of Historic Places listings in DeKalb County, Tennessee Official site Smithville-DeKalb County Chamber of Commerce DeKalb County Schools DeKalb County, TNGenWeb – genealogy resources DeKalb County at Curlie
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Interstate 40 in Tennessee
Interstate 40 traverses the entirety of the state of Tennessee from west to east, running from the Mississippi River at the Arkansas border to the northern base of the Great Smoky Mountains at the North Carolina border. The road connects Tennessee's three largest cities—Memphis and Knoxville—and crosses all of Tennessee's physiographical provinces and Grand Divisions—the Mississippi Embayment and Gulf Coastal Plain in West Tennessee, the Highland Rim and Nashville Basin in Middle Tennessee, the Cumberland Plateau, Appalachian Valley and Ridge Province, Blue Ridge Province in East Tennessee; the Tennessee section of I-40 is 452 miles long, the longest of any state. I-40 enters Tennessee from Arkansas via the six lane Hernando de Soto Bridge, which spans the Mississippi River at river mile 736. Within the city of Memphis, the interstate passes across the southern half of Mud Island before crossing the Wolf River Harbor into downtown Memphis. Throughout Memphis, the highway contains a minimum of six through lanes, except through major interchanges.
About one mile from the state line is an interchange with the western terminus of Interstate 240, where I-40 abruptly turns north, following a route designated as part of I-240. About one mile the highway has an interchange with State Route 300, a connector to US 51 and the future Interstate 69. At this interchange, the interstate turns east and enters a stretch designated as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Expressway. I-40 crosses the Wolf River three times in Memphis as the road passes near the neighborhoods of Frayser and Raleigh and turns southeast. A few miles I-40 has an interchange with I-240 southbound and Sam Cooper Boulevard eastbound, turns sharp northeast, leaving Memphis. For the next several miles the highway is known as the Isaac Hayes Memorial Highway and is eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing through several major suburbs of Memphis, including Bartlett and Lakeland. At exit 18, with US 64, the highway narrows to six lanes, to four lanes a short distance beyond.
Several miles near Arlington, is a cloverleaf interchange with I-269. East of Arlington, I-40 crosses the Loosahatchie River and leaves the Memphis area, traversing through the Gulf Coastal Plain in a flat and straight stretch of farmland with some rural woodlands, bypassing most cities and communities. South of Brownsville, about 40 miles east of Memphis, the highway turns north and enters the Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge and crosses the Hatchie River. Upon exiting the refuge, I-40 passes just southeast of Brownsville; the interstate continues for the next 20 miles though further agricultural terrain, at mile marker 78, the crosses the South Fork of the Forked Deer River into Jackson. Passing through the northern half of the city, I-40 has a total of six exits in Jackson. From Jackson, I-40 continues east northeast through a sparsely populated area of farmland and woodlands, near the community of Parkers Crossroads, has an interchange with SR 22, a major north-south connector route in west Tennessee.
Several miles I-40 proceeds for several miles through the northern half of the Natchez Trace State Park, has an interchange with US 641/SR 69, another major north-south corridor, at milepost 126. The route descends about 400 feet on a steep grade over the course of a mile before crossing the Tennessee River into Middle Tennessee on the Jimmy Mann Evans Memorial Bridge. East of the Tennessee River, I-40 traverses through vast woodlands in the rugged hills of the Western Highland Rim for a considerable distance; this section is characterized by several noticeable upgrades and downgrades, with minor curves. About 35 miles the highway passes southeast of Dickson, now within the Nashville metropolitan area. A few miles approximately 35 miles west of Nashville, is the western terminus of Interstate 840, the outer southern beltway around Nashville; the highway continues through woodlands and descends into the Nashville Basin between mile markers 186 and 188. Around Bellevue, the route widens to six lanes.
About ten miles I-40 has an interchange with the western terminus of State Route 155, the northern controlled-access beltway around Nashville. About two miles is the western terminus of I-440, the southern loop around central Nashville. Two miles I-40 enters Downtown Nashville, has interchanges with several major highways and surface roads. In Nashville, I-40 shares brief concurrences first with I-65 and I-24, before splitting off; the eastern terminus of I-440 is directly accessible from the easternmost interchange with I-24. About 1.5 miles I-40 has an interchange with SR 155 near the Nashville International Airport. The route continues east for the next 20 miles through a still-developing area with eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing near the suburbs of Mount Juliet and Gallatin. At mile 219, I-40 crosses the Stones River just downstream from the Percy Priest Dam. About 25 miles east of Nashville, the route narrows back to four lanes and has an interchange with the eastern terminus of I-840 a few miles east of Lebanon.
The interstate continues for 50 miles across open farmland, passing near small communities. In Smith County between mileposts 263 and 266, I-40 crosses the meandering Caney Fork River five times before ascending the Eastern Highland Rim, reaching 1,000 feet for the first time in the state near Silver Point; the interstate remains flat across the plateau, beginning at the edge of the table-top rim at mile marker 27
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Tennessee State Route 171
State Route 171 runs south–north through Davidson and Wilson counties in the state of Tennessee. It connects Interstate 24 to U. S. Route 70. SR 171 begins in Davidson County in Antioch at an interchange with I-24 in a large industrial park, it goes north as a 2-lane highway to leave the industrial park and pass through residential areas to have an intersection with US 41/US 70S/SR 1, where it passes by the former site of Starwood Amphitheatre, the Nashville area's premier outdoor music venue until it closed following the 2006 season, before it crosses Percy Priest Lake. Once across the water, SR 171 travels through Long Hunter State Park for a short distance, before entering another residential area and crossing into Wilson County. SR 171 continues north and passes through Rural Hill before entering Mount Juliet at its intersection with SR 265; the highway immediately enters commercial areas and winds to a 4-lane undivided highway, has an interchange with I-40 soon afterwards. SR 171 continues north through some more residential areas before entering another commercial area, where it comes to an end at an intersection with US 70/SR 24.
The road ends in a dense commercial area, as it travels through the city of Mt. Juliet. Old Hickory Boulevard Hobson Pike South Mt. Juliet Road North Mt. Juliet Road List of Tennessee state highways Tennessee State Route 171 @ Roads of the Mid-South & West
Tennessee's 6th congressional district
The 6th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican John Rose since January 2019; the district is located in north-central borders Kentucky to the north. It is composed of the following counties: Cannon, Coffee, Cumberland, DeKalb, Jackson, Overton, Putnam, Smith, Trousdale and Wilson, it contains small pieces of Cheatham and Van Buren. Much of the Sixth District is wooded, it is spread across the geographic regions known as the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim, the Central Basin. The area is known for its waterfalls, such as Cummins Falls. With close access to interstates 24, 40, 65, subdivisions are sprouting exponentially, fast filling with new economy managers. Many companies have opened either manufacturing or distribution centers in the 6th District; this includes Amazon and Bridgestone-Firestone in Lebanon, gun manufacturer Beretta in Gallatin, clothing manufacturer Under Armour in Mt. Juliet. Politically speaking, the region was traditionally a "Yellow Dog Democrat" district.
However, the district began. It supported Bill Clinton in 1992 due to Gore's presence as Clinton's running mate. However, it has not supported a Democrat for president since. By the turn of the century, it was obvious that the Democrats would have a hard time holding onto the district once longtime Democratic incumbent Bart Gordon retired. Gordon retired in 2010, Black—then a state senator—won the seat in a landslide, proving just how Republican this district had become; the 2010 redistricting made the district more Republican, with its longtime anchor, being drawn out of the district. Since no Democrat has won an entire county within the district in any presidential, senate, or congressional election. According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Hendersonville, Gallatin, Mt. Juliet. Prior to the 1980 census, when Tennessee picked up a district, most of what is now the 6th district was in the 4th district. During the 1940s, this area was represented by Sr. of Carthage. Gore was elected to the United States Senate in 1952, where he was instrumental in creating the Interstate Highway system.
From 1953 to 1977, the area was represented by Joe L. Evins of Smithville. Evins's nephew, Dan Evins, was the founder of Cracker Barrel Old Country Store restaurant/retail chain. Cracker Barrel's headquarters are still located in Lebanon. In 1976, Evins was succeeded by future Vice President and son of Albert Gore, Sr.. He was representing the area. Shortly following the redistricting into the 6th District, Gore was elected to the United States Senate, he was succeeded by former Democratic State Chair Bart Gordon of Murfreesboro. Gordon held the post for the next twenty-six years unopposed; the only year he faced. Gordon defeated Gill by only one percentage point. Diane Black was elected in the Republican landslide of 2010 when Democrat Bart Gordon decided to end a 26-year career in Congress. Black's victory marked the first time that much of the district had been represented by a Republican since 1921, for only the second time since Reconstruction. Following an eight-year stint in Congress, Black made an unsuccessful run for Governor of Tennessee in 2018.
In the concurrent election, the district selected businessman and former Tennessee Agriculture Commissioner John Rose. The Sixth District raised two Nobel Peace Prize winners: Cordell Hull of Pickett County and Al Gore of Carthage. Hailing from the district was World War I hero Alvin C. York. Current residents include country musicians Charlie Daniels and Gretchen Wilson, as well as the band Kings of Leon. District created March 4, 1813. Tennessee's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Political Graveyard database of Tennessee congressmen Congress.com: Tennessee Congressional districts